biblioteca virtual en salud

BVS - Literatura Cientifica y Técnica

 

Historico de búsqueda  ()

Su selección  ()

Collapse All  Ocultar
Expand All  Mostrar
Tipo
Texto completo (2321)
Idioma
Año
Resultados  1-10 de 4.496
Enviar resultado
adicionar en sua lista
1.

Universidades saludables: los jóvenes y la salud/ Healthy universities: youth and health

Páez Cala, Martha Luz
| Idioma(s): Español
En el presente trabajo se efectuó una revisión de la literatura acerca de los estilos de vida de jóvenes universitarios y los principales factores de riesgo para la salud, lo cual permite concluir que los adultos jóvenes en general tienden a adoptar conductas de riesgo como el sedentarismo, el consumo abusivo de sustancias tóxicas (alcohol, cigarrillo y drogas ilegales) y dietas nutricionales incorrectas, entre otras. Algunos autores atribuyen estos factores de riesgo y estilos de vida poco saludables a las conexiones frágiles entre esta población de adolescentes y adultos jóvenes, con las redes de apoyo como son la familia y los centros educativos. Esta situación enfatiza la importancia de potenciar los centros educativos como escenarios y contextos saludables, dado que se constituyen en un sistema intermedio que vincula el sistema familiar, el académico y el grupo de pares y amigos. El promover estilos de vida saludables en los jóvenes podría reducir de manera importante la mortalidad global, lo cual se constituye en un valioso aporte a la esperanza y calidad de vida de una población...
adicionar en sua lista
2.

Religiosidade e estilo de vida de uma população adulta/ Religiosity and Lifestyle of an Adult Population

Cres, Marli Rosangela; Abdala, Gina Andrade; Meira, Maria Dyrce Dias; Teixeira, Carlos Antonio; Ninahuaman, Maria Fernanda Melo Lopes; Moraes, Maria Cecília Leite de
| Idioma(s): Portugués
Caracterizar o perfil de religiosidade e estilo de vida de uma população adultae analisar a associação entre essas variáveis. Métodos: Pesquisa descritiva, transversal equantitativa, realizada com participantes (n=206) de duas Feiras de Saúde na cidade de SãoPaulo, em 20/10/2013 e 04/05/2014. Aplicaram-se dois instrumentos, o Duke UniversityReligion Index (DUREL, subdividido nas dimensões Religiosidade Organizacional, NãoOrganizacional e Intrínseca) e o Estilo de Vida FANTÁSTICO. Realizaram-se os testesRho de Spearman para associação das variáveis “estilo de vida” e “religiosidade”, e QuiQuadradopara análise bivariada entre sexo e religiosidade. Resultados: Encontrou-seperfil de religiosidade predominantemente bom nas três dimensões, com destaque para aReligiosidade Intrínseca, que alcançou 83,5% (n=167) nos três quesitos. Quanto ao estilode vida (FANTÁSTICO), obteve-se a classificação de: 26,6% (n=34) “Bom”, 48,4%(n=62) “Muito Bom” e 12,5% (n=16) “Excelente”. Das 125 análises bivariadas, 13 (11,3%)apresentaram correlação fraca (ρ< 0,30), porém significativa (p<0,05). Nas associações doQui-Quadrado, a religiosidade se relacionou às dimensões do estilo de vida quanto ao usode álcool e drogas, alimentação equilibrada e saúde mental. Conclusão: A religiosidade napopulação estudada, considerando-se as três dimensões analisadas, caracterizou-se como“boa” e “muito boa”; e o estilo de vida, segundo escore total do questionário FANTÁSTICO,pôde ser considerado saudável. Apesar de fraca, confirmou-se associação entre a religiosidadee o estilo de vida...
adicionar en sua lista
3.

Ações educativas para terceira idade/ Acciones educativas para la tercera edad/ Educational actions for the elderly

Meneses, Rejane Millions Viana; Silva, Rafael Tavares Silveira; Carvalho, Rafaela Fernandes de; Santos, Ana Paula de Oliveira Bezerra Souza; Almeida, Jamilly Arita Veras de; Medeiros, Angélica Teresa Nascimento de
;
| Idioma(s): Portugués
No processo de envelhecimento, os idosos se deparam com o surgimento de doenças crônicas que muitas vezes repercutem em dificuldades para manutenção da saúde. Nesse sentido, é importante o trabalho com a terceira idade para promover a melhoria no estilo de vida. Este trabalho trata-se de um relato de experiência da execução de um projeto de pesquisa da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, que realiza ações educativas na Associação Inaraí (Natal/RN), com o objetivo de divulgar atividades, estimulando assim, a formação de grupos que visem à promoção à saúde do idoso. Para desenvolver as ações, conforme informações coletadas no perfil epidemiológico previamente realizado na Associação, através de reuniões semanais com idosas, buscou-se estimular bons hábitos de vida, a fim de viabilizar a melhoria do estilo de vida e, portanto, promover saúde daquele grupo. En el proceso del envejecimiento, anciano se enfrentan a la aparición de enfermedades crónicas que muchas veces reflejan en dificultades para el mantenimiento de la salud. En este contexto, es importante el trabajo con la tercera edad para promover la mejora del consiguiente estilo de vida. Este trabajo es un relato de experiencia de la ejecución de un proyecto de investigación de la Universidad Federal de Rio Grande do Norte, que lleva acciones educativas a la Asociación Inaraí (Natal/RN), con objetivo de divulgar actividades, así estimulando la formación de los grupos a que tienen como objetivo la promoción a salud de ancianos. Para desarrollar las acciones, según la informaciones recogidas en el perfil epidemiológico llevado previamente en la Asociación, por medio de reuniones semanales con ancianos, se buscó estimular buenos hábitos de vida, para llevar a cabo posible la mejora de lo estilo de vida y por lo tanto, promover salud de ese grupo. In the aging process, the older adults are faced with the emergence of chronic diseases that often reflect in difficulties for health maintenance. Therefore, it is important to work with seniors to promote the improvement in lifestyle. This article is a report from a research project at the Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, which carries out educational actions in the Inaraí Association (Natal, RN, Brazil), with the objective of divulging activities and thereby stimulate the formation of groups that aim at promoting the health of the elderly. To develop the actions, we rely on the information in the epidemiological profile previously developed in the Association, from then on, through weekly meetings collected with elderly women. We intend to stimulate good habits of life, in order to make possible the improvement of lifestyle and, therefore, to promote health for the group.
adicionar en sua lista
4.

Lifestyle of public transport bus drivers and fare collectors/ Estilo de vida de motoristas e cobradores do transporte coletivo/ Estilo de vida de condutores y cobradores de transporte colectivo

Lunardi, Morgana; Schilling, Everton; Sousa, Manoela Vieira; Oliveira, Silas Nery de; Freitas, Cíntia de la Rocha
| Idioma(s): Inglés
Objective: Analyze and compare the lifestyle of public transport drivers and fare collectors. Methods: Descriptive, quantitative and cross-sectional study with 88 bus drivers and 75 fare collectors from Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil. To determine the domain scores (nutrition, physical activity, preventive behavior, social relationship and stress control), the Individual Lifestyle Profile questionnaire and anamnesis were applied. Data collection took place from September to October 2016. The maximum significance level assumed was 5% (p≤0.05). Chi-square test was used to assess the association between responses and job function, and T-test for independent samples was used to compare variables between groups. Results: There was a statistical difference (p>0.001) between bus drivers and fare collectors for age (40,36±8,55; 31,30 ± 8,68 years), time in function (11,47±8,53; 6,14±5,46 years) and time in the transport company (12,8±6,64; 6,35±5,56 years) and there was no association between the answers of the questions and the function performed (p>0.05). Considering the five domains, the workers showed negative behavior for nutrition (p=0.68) and physical activity (p=0.50), and regular behavior for preventive behavior (p=0.09), social relationships (p=0.45) and stress control (p=0.98), without significant differences between groups. Conclusion: Comparing bus drivers and fare collectors, it is noteworthy that there are differences in age, time in function and time in the company, but not in lifestyle and the public transport workers have a negative lifestyle profile in nutrition and physical activity. Objetivo: Analisar e comparar o estilo de vida dos motoristas e cobradores de tarifa do transporte público. Métodos: Estudo descritivo, quantitativo e transversal, com 88 motoristas de ônibus e 75 cobradores de tarifa de Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brasil. Para determinar os escores dos domínios (nutrição, atividade física, comportamento preventivo, relacionamento social e controle do estresse) aplicou-se o questionário Perfil Individual do Estilo de Vida e anamnese. A coleta de dados decorreu entre setembro e outubro de 2016. Considerou-se o nível de significância máximo assumido 5% (p≤0,05) e usou-se o teste qui-quadrado para avaliar a associação entre as respostas e a função do trabalho, e teste T para amostras independentes para comparar as variáveis entre os grupos. Resultados: Houve diferença estatística (p>0,001) entre motoristas de ônibus e cobradores de tarifa para: idade (40,36±8,55; 31,30±8,68 anos), tempo na função (11,47±8,53; 6,14±5,46 anos) e tempo na empresa (12,8±6,64; 6,35±5,56 anos), e não houve associação das respostas das perguntas com a função desempenhada (p>0,05). Considerando os cinco domínios, os trabalhadores apresentaram comportamento negativo para nutrição (p=0,68) e atividade física (p=0,50), e comportamento regular para comportamento preventivo (p=0,09), relações sociais (p=0,45) e controle de estresse (p=0,98), sem diferenças significativas entre grupos. Conclusão: Comparando-se os motoristas de ônibus e os cobradores de tarifa investigados, destaca-se que há diferenças na idade, no tempo na função e no tempo na empresa, mas não no estilo de vida, e que trabalhadores do transporte público possuem um perfil de estilo de vida negativo nos domínios de nutrição e atividade física. Objetivo: Analizar y comparar el estilo de vida de los conductores y cobradores de tasas del transporte público. Métodos: Estudio descriptivo, cuantitativo y transversal con 88 conductores de autobuses y 75 cobradores de tarifa de Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brasil. Se aplicó el cuestionario Perfil Individual del Estilo de Vida y anamnesis para determinar las puntuaciones de los dominios (nutrición, actividad física, conducta de prevención, relacionamiento social y el control del estrés). La recogida de datos se dio entre septiembre y octubre de 2016. Se ha considerado el nivel de significancia máximo del 5% (p≤0,05) y se ha utilizado la prueba de chi-cuadrado para evaluar la asociación entre las respuestas y la función del trabajo, la prueba T para muestras independientes para comparar las variables entre los grupos. Resultados: Hubo diferencia estadística (p>0,001) entre los conductores de autobús y los cobradores de tarifa para: edad (40,36±8,55; 31,30±8,68 años), tiempo de función (11,47±8,53; 6,14±5,46 años) y tempo en la empresa (12,8±6,64; 6,35±5,56 años) y no hubo asociación entre las respuestas de las preguntas y la función realizada (p>0,05). Considerándose los cinco dominios, los trabajadores presentaron conducta negativa para nutrición (p=0,68) y actividad física (p=0,50), y conducta regular para la conducta de prevención (p=0,09), las relaciones sociales (p=0,45) y el control del estrés (p=0,98), sin diferencias significativas entre los grupos. Conclusión: Comparándose los conductores de autobús y los cobradores de tarifa investigados, destacase que hay diferencias en la edad, en el tempo de función y en el tiempo de empresa pero no en el estilo de vida, y que los trabajadores del transporte público tiene un perfil de estilo de vida negativo para los dominios nutrición y actividad física.
adicionar en sua lista
5.

Sentido de coherencia y estilo de vida promotor de salud en estudiantes del noroeste de México/ Sense of coherence and health-promoting lifestyle in northwest Mexico students

Escobar-Castellanos, Blanca; Cid-Henríquez, Patricia; Sáez-Carrillo, Katia; Buelna-Barrueta, Valerie Raquel; Contreras-Murrieta, Dania Judith; Franco-García, Francisco; Godínez-Morales, Brian Jesús
; ;
| Idioma(s): Español
Resumen Objetivo: analizar el sentido de coherencia y su relación con el estilo de vida promotor de salud en estudiantes de una universidad pública en Sonora, México. Método: estudio descriptivo y correlacional, participaron 44 estudiantes de las carreras de ciencias de la computación, física y geología. Se empleó una cédula de datos sociodemográficos, la Escala Sentido de Coherencia 13 y el Cuestionario Estilo de Vida ii. Se efectuó análisis de datos con medidas de tendencia central y de dispersión, se utilizó el test chi-cuadrado y coeficiente de correlación de Spearman, con un nivel de significancia de alfa 0,05. Resultados: la edad promedio de los estudiantes fue de 20 años, 70,5% eran hombres y solteros, un 52,3% mostró sentido de coherencia global bajo predominando en hombres (54,8%). Un 56,8% obtuvo un estilo de vida promotor de salud insuficiente, mayormente en mujeres (69,2%). El sentido de coherencia tuvo correlación positiva significativa con el estilo de vida promotor de salud (p < 0,05). Conclusiones: la etapa de transición a la vida universitaria es un período importante y crítico para los estudiantes, es prioritario establecer programas de promoción y educación para la salud con enfoque salu-togénico, con el propósito de fortalecer el uso de los recursos disponibles y desarrollar un sentido de coherencia más fuerte en los estudiantes, fomentando un estilo de vida promotor de salud permanente. Resumo Objetivo: analisar o senso de coerência e sua relação com o estilo de vida promotor de saúde em estudantes de uma universidade pública em Sonora, México. Metodologia: estudo descritivo e correlacional, 44 alunos participaram das carreiras de ciência da computação, física e geologia. Utilizou-se um cartão de dados sociodemográficos, a sense of coherence scale 13 e o lifestyle ii questionnaire. A análise dos dados foi realizada com medidas de tendência central e dispersão, utilizando-se o teste do qui-quadrado e o coeficiente de correlação de Spearman, utilizando um nível de significância de alfa 0,05. Resultados: a média da idade dos estudantes foi de 20 anos, 70,5 % eram homens e solteiros, 52,3 % mostraram um senso de coerência global, predominantemente em homens (54,8 %). 56,8 % obtiveram um estilo de vida insuficiente para o promotor de saúde, principalmente mulheres (69,2 %). O senso de coerência teve uma correlação positiva significativa com o estilo de vida promotor de saúde (p < 0,05). Conclusões: a fase de transição para a vida universitária é um período importante e crítico para os alunos. É prioritário estabelecer programas de promoção da saúde e educação com uma abordagem salutogênica, com o objetivo de reforçar o uso dos recursos disponíveis e desenvolver um senso de coerência mais forte nos estudantes promovendo, assim, o desenvolvimento de um promotor vitalício da saúde. Abstract Objective: to analyze the sense of coherence and its relationship with the health-promoting lifestyle in students of a public university in Sonora, Mexico. Methodology: descriptive and correlational study, 44 students in the careers of computer science, physics and geology participated. A socio-demographic data card, the sense of coherence scale 13 and the Lifestyle II questionnaire were used. Data analysis was performed with central trend and dispersion measurements, the chi-square test and Spearman correlation coefficient were used, using a significance level of alpha 0.05. Results: the average age of students was 20 years, 70.5 % were male and single, 52.3 % showed a low sense of overall coherence, predominantly in men (54.8 %). 56.8 % obtained an insufficient health-promoting lifestyle, mostly in women (69.2 %). The sense of coherence had a significant positive correlation with the health-promoting lifestyle (p < 0.05). Conclusions: the transition to university life is an important and critical period for students, it is a priority to establish health promotion and education programs with a salutogenic approach, with the aim of strengthening the use of the accessible resources and developing a stronger sense of coherence in students, fostering a permanent health-promoting lifestyle.
adicionar en sua lista
6.

Perfil del estilo de vida en estudiantes de una Universidad Pública/ Lifestyle profile of students of a Public University/ Perfil do estilo de vida em estudantes de uma Universidade Pública

Charry-Mendez, Sergio; Cabrera-Díaz, Esperanza
; ;
| Idioma(s): Español
Objetivo: Determinar los comportamientos del estilo de vida de los estudiantes de primer semestre de una Universidad Pública. Materiales y método: Investigación cuantitativa, de-scriptiva de corte trasversal. El tamaño de la muestra fue de 113 estudiantes matriculados para el periodo académico 2020-1. Se utilizó un instrumento tipo encuesta estructurada elab-orado por el proyecto Institucional Universidad Saludable. Los datos se trabajaron a través de Excel y el programa SPSS versión 22, mediante análisis estadístico descriptivo univariado de frecuencias y tablas de contingencia. Resultados: la mayoría estudiantes no realiza ejercicio físico 70%, el 51% no realiza ningún tipo de actividad física, El consumo de tabaco es alto y más de la mitad son consumidores habituales de alcohol, más de la mitad presenta angustia y casi la mitad ansiedad. La calidad de la dieta la mitad la consideran mala y hay bajo con-sumo de frutas. El consumo de sal añadida a los alimentos es referido por la mayoría 82% de los estudiantes. El 28% presenta sobrepeso y obesidad. La mayoría desconoce sus niveles de colesterol y triglicéridos. No existe en casi la mitad redes de apoyo entre compañeros y familiares. Conclusiones: Se encontró que el perfil de estilo de vida de los estudiantes de primer semestre de una universidad pública se caracteriza por el sedentarismo, el consumo habitual de cerveza y cigarrillo, la mala alimentación, el sobrepeso y la obesidad, la ansiedad y angustia. Objective: Determine the lifestyle behaviors of first semester Public University Students. Materials and method: Quantitative, descriptive, cross-sectional research. The size of the sample consisted of 113 enrolled students for the 2020-1 semester. The instrument of struc-tured interview made by the Institutional Project Universidad Saludable was used. The data were worked using Excel and SPSS version 22, through an univariate descriptive statistical analysis of frequencies and contingency tables. Results: Most of the students do not do phys-ical exercise 70%, 51% do not do any physical activity, there is a high consumption of tobac-co and more than half are frequent consumers of alcohol, more than half show anguish and almost half show anxiety. Half of the students consider that the quality of their diet is bad and there is a low consumption of fruits. The consumption of added salt to food is mentioned by most students 82%. 28% are overweight or obese. Most do not know their levels of cholester-ol and triglycerides. There are no support networks of schoolmates and family in almost half of the students. Conclusions: It was found that the lifestyle profile of first semester students in a public university is characterized by sedentary lifestyle, frequent consumption of beer and cigarettes, bad nutrition, overweight and obesity, anguish, and anxiety. Objetivo: Determinar o comportamento do estilo de vida dos alunos de primeiro semestre de uma Universidade Pública. Materiais e métodos: Pesquisa quantitativa, descritiva, trans-versal. O tamanho da amostra foi de 113 alunos matriculados no período acadêmico 2020-1. Utilizou-se um formulário estruturado criado pelo projeto institucional Universidade saudáv-el. Os dados foram processados no Excel e no programa SPSS versão 22, realizando-se uma analise univariada de frequência e tabelas de contingência. Resultados: A maioria dos alunos não faz exercício físico (70%), o 51% não realiza nenhum tipo de atividade física. O consumo de tabaco é alto e mais da metade são consumidores regulares de álcool, mais da metade pre-senta angustia e quase a metade ansiedade. A qualidade da dieta, a metade a consideram ruim com baixo consumo de frutas. O consumo de sal adicionada aos alimentos é referida pelo 82% dos alunos. 28% presenta sobrepeso e obesidade. A maioria desconhece os seus níveis de colesterol e triglicerídeos. Em quase a metade deles não existe rede de apoio entre colegas ou familiares. Conclusões: Encontrou-se que o perfil do estilo de vida dos alunos de primeiro período de uma Universidade Pública caracteriza-se pelo sedentarismo, o consumo regular de cerveja e cigarro, a má alimentação, o sobrepeso e obesidade, a ansiedade e angustia.
adicionar en sua lista
7.

Teilnahmemotivation von Männern an bewegungsorientierten Präventionsangeboten./ [Motivation of Men to Participate in Physical Activity Programs for Health Promotion].

Wollesen, Bettina; Lorf, Sarah; Bischoff, Laura Luise; Menzel, Josefine
| Idioma(s): Alemão
STUDY AIM: The rate of men participating in health promotion programs is lower than that of women. The reasons and barriers for the different motivation of men as well as wishes and perception for prevention are not yet sufficiently analyzed. This quantitative survey examines motives and barriers of men for participation in primary prevention. Thus, the sample was subdivided into 2 groups, namely motivated vs. non-motivated regarding being active for health promotion. Differences between the 2 groups concerning current health status, health beliefs and health behavior were analyzed to plan more suitable programs in the future. METHODS: A sample of N=243 men (motivated n=147, non-motivated n=96) participated in the standardized online-survey. The quantitative data analysis integrated the BMZI, KKG, SF-12, TICS and the MGV-39. The examination of the differences between the sub-groups was done with Chi²-Tests and analysis of variance (one-way ANOVA) with IBM SPSS 22 (Armonk, NY: IBM Corp). RESULTS: The group of motivated men reported worse health status, especially in psychological well being compared to the non-motivated group (SF-12: F=6.3, p=0.013, eta²=0.025). Both groups named refusal to use harmful substances (e.g. drugs, alcohol), good nutrition and active life-style as important factors for health. Non-motivated men showed a higher score for the fatalistic externality of health (KKG: F=7.609, p=0.006, eta²=0.031) and rated health promotion as paternalism (Chi²=17.693, p≤0.001, C=0.261). CONCLUSION: The men of this study who were motivated to join health promotion programs had a worse health status that might explain their compliance. For the non-motivated men, there was a discrepancy between their own beliefs in health behavior and their real daily activities (e.g. physical activity). In order to reach this target group of men before their health status worsens, prevention programs should integrate incentive systems that integrate features for overcoming dysfunctional daily behavior.
adicionar en sua lista
8.

Celebrity endorsed music videos: innovation to foster youth health promotion.

Macnab, A J; Mukisa, R
| Idioma(s): Inglés
There are calls for innovation in health promotion and for current issues to be presented in new and exciting ways; in addition to creating engaging messages, novel ways to deliver health messaging are needed, especially where youth are the key target audience. When pupils in WHO Health Promoting Schools were asked what health messages would resonate with them, they also identified celebrities as the 'messengers' they would be particularly likely to listen to. Expanding on these discussions, the pupils quoted celebrity-recorded music videos containing health and lifestyle messaging as an example of where they had learned from celebrities. Their ability to sing phrases from the songs and repeat key health messages they contained indicated the videos had commanded attention and provided knowledge and perspectives that had been retained. We located on YouTube the video titles the pupils identified and evaluated the content, messaging and production concepts these celebrity-recorded music videos incorporated. All are good examples of the health promotion genre known as education entertainment, where educational content is intentionally included in professionally produced entertainment media to impart knowledge, create favorable attitudes and impact future behaviors. The importance of this genre is growing in parallel with the burgeoning influence of social media. Music videos resonate with youth, and celebrity recordings combine young people's love of music with their fascination for the aura of celebrity. Hence, producing videos that combine an effective health message with celebrity endorsement offers potential as an innovative conduit for health promotion messaging among youth.
adicionar en sua lista
9.

Nudging to move: a scoping review of the use of choice architecture interventions to promote physical activity in the general population.

Forberger, S; Reisch, L; Kampfmann, T; Zeeb, H
| Idioma(s): Inglés
BACKGROUND: Nudges are used to alter lifestyles and thus curb the rise of non-communicable diseases. Physical activity is a core prevention strategy to reduce the burden of non-communicable diseases. This paper aims to (1) give an overview of the scope of interventions using choice architecture techniques to promote physical activity at the population levels and (2) identify research gaps by analysing the different approaches in terms of class and type of intervention used. METHODS: A systematic electronic database search was combined with snowball citation sampling of a starter set of publications to search for studies published through October 2018 reporting interventions to promote physical activity at the population level using choice architecture techniques. The methodology of the Joanna Briggs Institute for Scoping Reviews was applied. RESULTS: In all, 35 publications were included. Most of the interventions used point-of-choice prompts tested at railway stations, shopping malls and airports (N = 27). Eight studies were online studies. While all studies were aimed at the general population, details, if reported at all, were vague and basic. All studies focused on individual-level lifestyle behaviour. None of the studies attempted to alter population-based lifestyle behaviour. Online and "real-world" approaches were rarely combined. Neither, interventions targeting meso- and macro-level structures nor combinations of individual-level and specific meso- or macro-level interventions were found. CONCLUSION: Nudging is in principle an effective approach to promote physical activity within the general population. However, there are large gaps in research. Available opportunities have not yet been exhausted. Further research is needed that is explicitly based on behavioural insights and covering the full range of nudging approaches, particularly focussing on theoretical developments, practical feasibility tests and scale-up activities.
adicionar en sua lista
10.

Health-related behaviour in adolescents who have received basic instruction in health promotion.

Tekliuk, Ruslan V; Serheta, Ihor V; Serebrennikova, Oksana A
| Idioma(s): Inglés
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Both positive and risky health behaviours among adolescents are of paramount importance as they often pathway further lifestyles and determine future health outcomes. The paper focuses on the trends of health promotion activities and health risks among adolescents who have been instructed on these topics at secondary schools. The aim: to detect trends in pro-active health behaviour and risk taking activities of Ukrainian adolescents in the last 14 years. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: males and females, aged 15-17, who studied in secondary schools of the urban area of Vinnytsia city, Ukraine, in the years 2003, 2013, 2017, anonymously filled in the 118-item questionnaire. Descriptive statistics, Cochran Q test, Spearman correlation analysis, Kendall's tau coefficient were used to analyze the data. RESULTS: Results: Overall, the data about health related issues obtained in the year 2003 vary significantly from the years 2013 and 2017, which indicates some beneficial influence that has taken place since 2003. Much fewer differences were spotted between the years 2013 and 2017. Health related behaviours in females showed less significant dynamics and some changes indicate regression, while males reported multiple improved results. Meanwhile actual numbers of males who opted for risky behaviours were higher than those of females. Significant relationships were found between some socio-economic factors, positive health behaviours (sufficient sleep, physical activity, daily regime, and life satisfaction) and proactive health choices. CONCLUSION: Conclusions: The available data suggests that there was a beneficial health-related influence on the schoolchildren over the years 2003-2017. Our findings also support the view that certain assets may protect the youth from risk-taking behaviours.
Resultados  1-10 de 4.496