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1.

Advising on lifestyle can improve nurses' health.

Bickerstaffe, Gary; Williams, Denise
| Idioma(s): Inglés
Many nurses are trained in brief health promotion interventions to ensure patients' lifestyles are assessed in relation to their overall health. Staff evaluations of health promotion training provided at Bolton Foundation Trust showed how it may prompt nurses to evaluate their own lifestyles. It could benefit healthcare organisations, as it may mean staff are supported to be healthier, happier and more productive.
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2.

Universidades saludables: los jóvenes y la salud/ Healthy universities: youth and health

Páez Cala, Martha Luz
| Idioma(s): Español
En el presente trabajo se efectuó una revisión de la literatura acerca de los estilos de vida de jóvenes universitarios y los principales factores de riesgo para la salud, lo cual permite concluir que los adultos jóvenes en general tienden a adoptar conductas de riesgo como el sedentarismo, el consumo abusivo de sustancias tóxicas (alcohol, cigarrillo y drogas ilegales) y dietas nutricionales incorrectas, entre otras. Algunos autores atribuyen estos factores de riesgo y estilos de vida poco saludables a las conexiones frágiles entre esta población de adolescentes y adultos jóvenes, con las redes de apoyo como son la familia y los centros educativos. Esta situación enfatiza la importancia de potenciar los centros educativos como escenarios y contextos saludables, dado que se constituyen en un sistema intermedio que vincula el sistema familiar, el académico y el grupo de pares y amigos. El promover estilos de vida saludables en los jóvenes podría reducir de manera importante la mortalidad global, lo cual se constituye en un valioso aporte a la esperanza y calidad de vida de una población...
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4.

Controle remoto ou remoto controle? A economia comportamental e a promoção de comportamentos saudáveis

Loch, Mathias Roberto; Dias, Douglas Fernando; Castro, Alex Sandro Rodrigues; Guerra, Paulo Henrique
| Idioma(s): Portugués
[RESUMO]. A economia comportamental é um campo de saberes e práticas que estuda o efeito de fatores psicológicos, cognitivos, emocionais e sociais sobre a tomada de decisão de indivíduos e instituições. Essa disciplina parte da premissa de que as escolhas humanas não são resultado de uma cuidadosa ponderação de custos e benefícios e de que alguns aspectos (por exemplo, opção padrão, enquadramento e efeito-âncora) podem influenciar a tomada de decisão por parte das pessoas. Assim, o objetivo deste texto é apresentar aspectos gerais da economia comportamental e reflexões sobre sua possível aplicação na promoção de comportamentos saudáveis. Uma das funções dos profissionais de saúde é fazer com que a adoção de comportamentos saudáveis seja mais fácil por parte das pessoas. Nessa perspectiva, existem evidências de que a aplicação de ideias da economia comportamental pode ter impacto positivo na adoção de comportamentos de saúde diversos, como, por exemplo, escolhas alimentares, prática de atividade física, adesão a campanhas de vacinação e doação de órgãos. Desse modo, acredita-se que a apropriação de alguns conceitos e insights da economia comportamental possa, de um lado, promover comportamentos saudáveis e, de outro, apoiar ações mais efetivas de incentivo a esses comportamentos. [ABSTRACT]. Behavioral economics is a field of knowledge and practices that studies the effect of psychological, cognitive, emotional, and social factors relating to decision-making by individuals and institutions. It assumes that human choices are not the result of careful consideration of costs and benefits, and that some aspects (e.g., defaults, framings, and anchoring effects) may influence an individual’s decision-making. Thus, the aim of this essay is to present some general aspects of behavioral economics and discuss its possible application in the promotion of healthy behaviors. One of the roles of health care professionals is to facilitate the adoption of healthy behaviors by the population. There is evidence of a positive influence of some behavioral economics concepts regarding the adoption of various health behaviors, such as food choices, physical activity, adherence to vaccination campaigns, and organ donation. Thus, it is believed that the appropriation of some of these concepts and insights may both promote healthier behaviors and support more effective actions to encourage these healthy behaviors. [RESUMEN]. La economía comportamental es un campo de conocimientos y prácticas que estudia el efecto de los factores psicológicos, cognoscitivos, emocionales y sociales sobre la toma de decisiones de las personas y las instituciones. Esa disciplina parte de la premisa de que las formas de elección humana no son el resultado de una cuidadosa ponderación de los costos y beneficios, y de que algunos aspectos (por ejemplo, la opción predeterminada, el efecto de enmarcación y el efecto de anclaje) pueden influir en la toma de decisiones por parte de las personas. Por ende, el objetivo de este texto es presentar los aspectos generales de la economía comportamental y algunas reflexiones sobre su posible aplicación en la promoción de patrones de comportamiento saludable. Una de las funciones de los profesionales de salud es facilitar la adopción de patrones de comportamiento saludable por parte de la población. En esa perspectiva, se ha comprobado que la aplicación de los conceptos de la economía comportamental puede tener un efecto positivo en la adopción de diversos patrones de comportamiento en materia de salud, por ejemplo, la selección de alimentos, la práctica de la actividad física, la adhesión a campañas de vacunación y la donación de órganos. De ese modo, se cree que la apropiación de algunos conceptos y percepciones de la economía comportamental permite, por un lado, promover los patrones de comportamiento saludable y, por otro, apoyar medidas más eficaces para incentivar esos tipos de comportamiento.
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7.

The influence of user characteristics and a periodic email prompt on exposure to an internet-delivered computer-tailored lifestyle program.

Schneider, Francine; van Osch, Liesbeth; Schulz, Daniela N; Kremers, Stef Pj; de Vries, Hein
| Idioma(s): Inglés
BACKGROUND: The Internet is a promising medium in the field of health promotion for offering tailored and targeted lifestyle interventions applying computer-tailored (CT) techniques to the general public. Actual exposure to CT interventions is not living up to its high expectations, as only a (limited) proportion of the target group is actually using these programs. OBJECTIVE: To investigate exposure to an Internet-delivered, CT lifestyle intervention, targeting physical activity, fruit and vegetable intake, smoking behavior, and alcohol intake, we focused on three processes: first use, prolonged use, and sustained use. The first objectives were to identify user characteristics that predict initiation of an online CT lifestyle program (first use) and completion of this program (prolonged use). Furthermore, we studied the effect of using a proactive strategy, consisting of periodic email prompts, on program revisits (sustained use). METHODS: The research population for this study consisted of Dutch adults participating in the Adult Health Monitor, offered by the regional public health services. We used a randomized controlled trial design to assess predictors of first use, prolonged use, and sustained use. Demographics and behavioral characteristics, as well as the strategy used for revisiting, were included as predictors in the model. RESULTS: A total of 9169 participants indicated their interest in the new program and 5168 actually logged in to the program. Participants significantly more likely to initiate one of the CT modules were male, older, and employed, and had a lower income, higher body mass index, and relatively unhealthy lifestyle. Participants significantly more likely to complete one of the CT modules were older and had a higher income and a relatively healthier lifestyle. Finally, using a proactive strategy influenced sustained use, with people from the prompting condition being more likely to revisit the program (odds ratio 28.92, 95% confidence interval 10.65-78.52; P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: Older, male, and employed participants, and those with a lower income, higher body mass index, and a relatively unhealthy lifestyle were more likely to initiate a CT module. Module completers predominantly had a higher income and age. The current program therefore succeeded in reaching those people who benefit most from online lifestyle interventions. However, these people tended to disengage from the program. This underlines the importance of additional research into program adjustments and strategies that can be used to stimulate prolonged program use. Furthermore, sending periodic email prompts significantly increased revisits to the program. Though promising, this effect was modest and needs to be further examined, in order to maximize the potential of periodic email prompting. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Nederlands Trial Register (NTR: 1786) and Medical Ethics Committee of Maastricht University and the University Hospital Maastricht (NL2723506809/MEC0903016); http://www.trialregister.nl/trialreg/admin/rctview.asp?TC=1786 (Archived by WebCite at http://www.webcitation.org/65hBXA6V7).
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8.

OKkIO alla SALUTE: promozione della salute e crescita sana nei bambini della scuola primaria./ [Promotion of healthy life style and growth in primary school children (OKkio alla SALUTE)].

Spinelli, A; Baglio, G; Cattaneo, C; Fontana, G; Lamberti, A
| Idioma(s): Italiano
In October 2007, the Italian Ministry of Health, the Centre for Disease Control and the Regions entrusted the National Institute of Health with the coordination of the initiative "Okkio alla Salute"--Promotion of healthy lifestyle and growth in primary school children. This programme is linked to the European programme "Gaining health" and the National Plan for Prevention. The objective of the project was to develop and maintain a monitoring system for both the health services and the schools that could also be used to better target public health interventions. The first national survey to estimate the prevalence of overweight and obesity in children and to collect information on diet and physical activity has been conducted in close collaboration with the individual regions. In the first nine months of the project, 1025 health workers and approximately 1500 school teachers have received training, and, using standardised methods, they have collected data and weighed and measured nearly 45000 third grade students (median age 8.8 years) in 2000 schools throughout the country. Participation rates have exceeded 95%. The results obtained to date indicate that the methodology is sustainable using existing health and educational resources and can be adopted as a national surveillance system.
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9.

Universidades y promoción de la salud: Cómo alcanzar el punto de encuentro?/ [Universities and health promotion: how can the two come together?].

Muñoz, Mónica; Cabieses, Baltica
| Idioma(s): Español
Universities play a leading role in the communities in which they are found. Focused on leadership and developing knowledge, universities are the stage on which community members are formed. Through education, research, and by spreading knowledge, universities guide and support changes at the national and international levels. The university that advances health is one that joins health promotion with its purpose, aiming to foster human development and improve quality of life for its students and employees, thus impacting both the labor and social circles. It aspires to take a leading role in cultural change by raising awareness among the more educated, open, enterprising, and upstanding, and those committed to progress. This article's objective is to share a reflective analysis regarding the relationship between the university and health promotion in order to motivate and recommend action items to other universities advanced in this area. This analysis stems from experience gained over several years at the Pontificia Universidad Católica of Chile, through its health program, UC Saludable, in addition to a systematic review of the literature covering several years. The analysis develops four concepts that are central to all universities and that frame the health promotion effort: respond to health issues and educate the public; produce and disseminate health promotion knowledge; direct and support awareness of self-care and healthy lifestyles; and be a model change agent.
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10.

Bra livsstil lönar sig./ [Good life style is beneficial].

Hellénius, Mai-Lis; Sundberg, Carl Johan
| Idioma(s):
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