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Cost-effectiveness of early nutritional therapy in malnourished adult patients in a high complexity hospital / Coste-efectividad de la terapia nutricional temprana en pacientes adultos malnutridos en un hospital de alta complejidad

Giraldo Giraldo, Nubia Amparo; Vásquez Velásquez, Johanna; Roldán Cano, Paula Andrea; Ospina Astudillo, Carolina; Sosa Cardona, Yuliet Paulina.
Nutr. hosp ; 32(6): 2938-2947, dic. 2015. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-146166

Introduction:

hospital malnutrition is a frequent worldwide problem and its potential issues related include increased complications, length of stay, mortality, and healthcare costs.

Objectives:

the aim of this study was to establish the cost-effectiveness of early nutritional therapy for malnourished patients in a high complexity hospital. Materials and

methods:

this analytical study with economic assessment included 227 adult hospitalised and malnourished according to the Subjective Global Assessment. The cohort prospective received Early Nutrition Therapy (ENT), whereas the cohort retrospective received Delayed Nutrition Therapy (DNT). The measures of cost-effectiveness included costs by length of stay, complications and discharge condition.

Results:

the cohorts were similar in demographic and clinical characteristics, except that the median age, for the ENT was 61 years (interquartile range [IQR] 48-71) and for the DNT was 55 years (IQR 44-67) (p = 0.024). The median length of stay was lower in the ENT (11 days, IQR 7-17) than in the DNT (18 days, IQR 10-28) (p < 0.001). The cost per patient discharged alive was US $ 10,261.55 in the ENT and US $ 15,553.11 in the DNT (p=0.043); the cost per patient with complications was US $ 13,663.90 in the ENT and US $ 17,860.32 in the DNT (p= 0.058). ENT increased the likelihood of being discharged alive, RR adjusted=0.31; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.1; 0.6; (p<0.001) and decreased the likelihood of complications RR crude=0.8; 95% CI 0.6; 0.9; (p=0.006).

Conclusion:

early nutritional therapy for malnourished adult patients appears to be cost-effective because it can reduce the length of stay, complications, mortality and associated costs (AU)
Biblioteca responsável: ES1.1
Localização: BNCS