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Diagnósticos de enfermagem de incontinência urinária em pacientes com acidente vascular cerebral. / [Nursing diagnoses of urinary incontinence in patients with stroke].

Leandro, Telma Alteniza; Araujo, Thelma Leite de; Cavalcante, Tahissa Frota; Lopes, Marcos Venícios de Oliveira; Oliveira, Tyane Mayara Ferreira de; Lopes, Ana Cecília Menezes.
Rev Esc Enferm USP ; 49(6): 924-32, 2015 Dec.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27419675

OBJECTIVE:

Identifying the prevalence of Stress urinary incontinence (SUI), Urge urinary incontinence (UUI), Functional urinary incontinence (FUI), Overflow urinary incontinence (OUI) and Reflex urinary incontinence (RUI) nursing diagnoses and their defining characteristics in stroke patients.

METHOD:

A cross-sectional study with 156 patients treated in a neurological clinic. Data were collected through interviews and forwarded to nurses for diagnostic inference.

RESULTS:

92.3% of the patients had at least one of the studied diagnoses; OUI showed the highest prevalence (72.4%), followed by FUI (53.2%), RUI (50.0%), UUI (41.0%) and SUI (37.8%). Overdistended bladder and reports of inability to reach the toilet in time to avoid urine loss were the most prevalent defining characteristics. A statistically significant association of the defining characteristics with the studied diagnosis was verified.

CONCLUSION:

The five incontinence diagnoses were identified in the evaluated patients, with different prevalence.