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Historical, current and expected future occurrence of rabies in enzootic regions.

Rupprecht, C E; Bannazadeh Baghi, H; Del Rio Vilas, V J; Gibson, A D; Lohr, F; Meslin, F X; Seetahal, J F R; Shervell, K; Gamble, L.
Rev Sci Tech ; 37(2): 729-739, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30747113
Rabies is one of the oldest recorded pathogens, with the broadest distribution of any known viral zoonosis. Antarctica is believed to be free of all lyssaviruses, but no laboratory-based surveillance has taken place to support this supposition. Re-introduction of the disease is possible in Pacific Oceania, as evidenced by a historical outbreak in Guam and the translocation of rabid bats to Hawaii. Australia is the only inhabited continent with enzootic rabies, without the presence of rabies virus. Europe and North America have broken the cycle of dog-mediated rabies, with a few remaining focal points in Latin America and the Caribbean, but wildlife rabies predominates. The greatest burden resides in the 'Old World'. The elimination of human rabies mediated via dogs by 2030 in Africa, Asia and the Middle East will not be simple, rapid or inexpensive, but it may be achievable through the use of widely available tools and the application of lessons learned during the course of the 20th century.