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The Brazilian Army nurses' uniforms: visual identity in World War II.

Bernardes, Margarida Maria Rocha; Oliveira, Alexandre Barbosa de; Kaminitz, Sônia; Gomes, Antônio Marcos Tosoli; Marques, Sérgio Corrêa; Porto, Fernando Rocha.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 72(1): 111-117, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30916275


To analyze the symbolic effects of the official military uniform of the nurses from Brazilian Army in World War II.


This research was developed using the historical method, with iconographic sources. The data were discussed based on the concepts of the social world theory, by Pierre Bourdieu.


The images selected demonstrate the own meaning of the uniforms, evidencing the functions and the social position of those who wear it, being private and obligatory to use it in the military field.FINAL CONSIDERATIONS: In the case of the nurses from the Brazilian Expeditionary Force, the appropriation of uniforms promoted the visual communication representing military nurse in the context of war, at the same time it served for distinction purposes in the army, but not necessarily in the nursing field. Symbolically, they remained amongst the walls of the barracks even after the end of the war and, thus, they remained unknown and marked by the symbols of forgetfulness.