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Emergency cerclage: gestational and neonatal outcomes.

Costa, Maíra Marinho Freire; Amorim Filho, Antonio Gomes de; Barros, Mônica Fairbanks de; Rodrigues, Agatha Sacramento; Zugaib, Marcelo; Francisco, Rossana Pulcineli Vieira; Carvalho, Mário Henrique Burlacchini de.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 65(5): 598-602, 2019 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31166434

BACKGROUND:

The gestational and neonatal outcomes of women with early cervical dilatation undergoing emergency cerclage were evaluated and compared with women treated with expectant management and bed rest.

METHODS:

Retrospective analysis of pregnant women admitted between 2001 and 2017 with a diagnosis of early cervical dilatation and/or bulging membranes. Patients with a singleton pregnancy of a fetus without malformations, between 16 and 25 weeks and 6 days, with cervical dilatation of 1 to 3 cm were included; patients who delivered or miscarried within 2 days after admission were excluded.

RESULTS:

The study enrolled 30 patients: 19 in the cerclage group and 11 in the rest group. There was a significant difference, with the cerclage group showing better results concerning gestational age at delivery (28.7 vs. 23.3 weeks; p=0.031) and latency between hospital admission and delivery (48.6 vs. 16 days; p=0.016). The fetal death rate was lower in the cerclage group (5.3% vs. 54.5%, p=0.004). Considering gestational age at delivery of live newborns, no difference was observed between the cerclage and rest groups (29.13 vs. 27.4 weeks; p=0.857).

CONCLUSIONS:

Emergency cerclage was associated with longer latency, a significant impact on gestational age at delivery and reduction in the fetal death rate.