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Uses of quick response codes in healthcare education: a scoping review.

Karia, Chiraag Thakrar; Hughes, Andrew; Carr, Sue.
BMC Med Educ ; 19(1): 456, 2019 Dec 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31810464


To review published literature on the use of quick response (QR) codes within healthcare education. In addition, the authors aimed to gain information on user perceptions and the challenges faced when implementing QR codes in an educational context.


Medline, EMBASE, CINAHL (Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature), HMIC (Healthcare Management Information Consortium) and HBE (Health Business Elite) were searched using specified search terms that included 'quick response code' and 'education'. Title and abstract review of 217 publications was performed. Papers which discussed the application of QR codes relevant to healthcare education were included. A total of 24 articles were reviewed and thematic analysis conducted to generate themes.


Use of QR codes in healthcare education were broadly aligned to four common themes. These included to increase participant engagement, for simulation training, for just-in-time (JIT) learning and to facilitate with administrative tasks in training. Perceptions towards the use of QR codes was generally positive. Challenges identified, included problems with technical infrastructure, unavailability of smartphones and resistance to use in certain environments.


The use of QR codes for healthcare education is increasing, and whilst they offer some advantages there are also some important considerations including provision of the necessary technological infrastructure, patient and staff safety and governance and adherence to guidelines on safe and appropriate use of this technology in sensitive settings.