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Familial hemiplegic migraine: linkage to chromosome 14q32 in a Spanish kindred.

Neurogenetics; 10(3): 191-8, 2009 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19153782
We sought to map the disease-causing gene in a large Spanish kindred with familial hemiplegic migraine (FHM). Patients were classified according to the ICHD-II criteria. After ruling out linkage to known migraine genetic loci, a single nucleotide polymorphism-based, 0.62-cM density genome-wide scan was performed. Among 13 affected subjects, FHM was the prevailing migraine phenotype in six, migraine with aura in four and migraine without aura in three. Linkage analysis revealed a disease locus in a 4.15-Mb region on 14q32 with a maximum two-point logarithm of odds (LOD) score of 3.1 and a multipoint parametric LOD score of 3.8. This genomic region does not overlap with the reported migraine loci on 14q21-22. Sequence analysis of three candidate genes in the region, SLC24A4, ATXN3 and ITPK1, failed to show disease-causing mutations in our patients. Genetic heterogeneity in FHM may be greater than previously suspected.