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The role of regulatory T cells in pathogenesis and therapy of human papillomavirus-related diseases, especially in cancer.

Infect Genet Evol; 65: 406-413, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30172014
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common sexually transmitted agent in the world. It can cause condyloma acuminatum, anogenital malignancies, and head and neck cancers. The host immune responses to HPV involve multiple cell types that have regulatory functions, and HPV-mediated changes to regulatory T cells (Tregs) in both the local lesion tissues and the circulatory system of patients have received considerable attention. The role of Tregs in HPV infections ranges from suppression of effector T cell (Teff) responses to protection of tissues from immune-mediated injury in different anatomic subsites. In this review, we explore the influence of Tregs in the immunopathology of HPV-related diseases and therapies targeting Tregs as novel approaches against HPV.