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1.
Anal Chem ; 96(15): 6030-6036, 2024 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38569068

RESUMO

Cysteine (Cys), as one of the biological thiols, is related to many physiological and pathological processes in humans and plants. Therefore, it is necessary to develop a sensitive and selective method for the detection and imaging of Cys in biological organisms. In this work, a novel near-infrared (NIR) fluorescent probe, Probe-Cys, was designed by connecting furancarbonyl, as a new recognition moiety, with Fluorophore-OH via the decomposition of IR-806. The use of the furan moiety is anticipated to produce more effective fluorescence quenching because of the electron-donating ability of the O atom. Probe-Cys has outstanding properties, such as a new recognition group, an emission wavelength in the infrared region at 710 nm, a linear range (0-100 µM), a low detection limit of 0.035 µM, good water solubility, excellent sensitivity, and selectivity without the interference of Hcy, GSH, and HS-. More importantly, Probe-Cys could achieve the detection of endogenous Cys by reacting with the stimulant 1,4-dimercaptothreitol (DTT) and the inhibitor N-ethylmaleimide (NEM) in HepG2 cells and zebrafish. Ultimately, it was successfully applied to obtain images of Arabidopsis thaliana, revealing that the content of Cys in the meristematic zone was higher than that in the elongation zone, which was the first time that the NIR fluorescence probe was used to obtain images of Cys in A. thaliana. The superior properties of the probe exhibit its great potential for use in biosystems to explore the physiological and pathological processes associated with Cys.


Assuntos
Arabidopsis , Perciformes , Humanos , Animais , Fluorescência , Peixe-Zebra , Cisteína , Células HeLa , Corantes Fluorescentes , Glutationa
2.
Anim Cogn ; 27(1): 33, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38616235

RESUMO

Figure-ground segmentation is a fundamental process in visual perception that involves separating visual stimuli into distinct meaningful objects and their surrounding context, thus allowing the brain to interpret and understand complex visual scenes. Mammals exhibit varying figure-ground segmentation capabilities, ranging from primates that can perform well on figure-ground segmentation tasks to rodents that perform poorly. To explore figure-ground segmentation capabilities in teleost fish, we studied how the archerfish, an expert visual hunter, performs figure-ground segmentation. We trained archerfish to discriminate foreground objects from the background, where the figures were defined by motion as well as by discontinuities in intensity and texture. Specifically, the figures were defined by grating, naturalistic texture, and random noise moving in counterphase with the background. The archerfish performed the task well and could distinguish between all three types of figures and grounds. Their performance was comparable to that of primates and outperformed rodents. These findings suggest the existence of a complex visual process in the archerfish visual system that enables the delineation of figures as distinct from backgrounds, and provide insights into object recognition in this animal.


Assuntos
Perciformes , Animais , Encéfalo , Percepção Visual , Primatas , Mamíferos
4.
Chemosphere ; 355: 141851, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38579950

RESUMO

Fish have common neurotransmitter pathways with humans, exhibiting a significant degree of conservation and homology. Thus, exposure to fluoxetine makes fish potentially susceptible to biochemical and physiological changes, similarly to what is observed in humans. Over the years, several studies demonstrated the potential effects of fluoxetine on different fish species and at different levels of biological organization. However, the effects of parental exposure to unexposed offspring remain largely unknown. The consequences of 15-day parental exposure to relevant concentrations of fluoxetine (100 and 1000 ng/L) were assessed on offspring using zebrafish as a model organism. Parental exposure resulted in offspring early hatching, non-inflation of the swimming bladder, increased malformation frequency, decreased heart rate and blood flow, and reduced growth. Additionally, a significant behavioral impairment was also found (reduced startle response, basal locomotor activity, and altered non-associative learning during early stages and a negative geotaxis and scototaxis, reduced thigmotaxis, and anti-social behavior at later life stages). These behavior alterations are consistent with decreased anxiety, a significant increase in the expression of the monoaminergic genes slc6a4a (sert), slc6a3 (dat), slc18a2 (vmat2), mao, tph1a, and th2, and altered levels of monoaminergic neurotransmitters. Alterations in behavior, expression of monoaminergic genes, and neurotransmitter levels persisted until offspring adulthood. Given the high conservation of neuronal pathways between fish and humans, data show the possibility of potential transgenerational and multigenerational effects of pharmaceuticals' exposure. These results reinforce the need for transgenerational and multigenerational studies in fish, under realistic scenarios, to provide realistic insights into the impact of these pharmaceuticals.


Assuntos
Perciformes , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Animais , Humanos , Adulto , Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo , Fluoxetina/farmacologia , Larva , Antidepressivos/farmacologia , Perciformes/metabolismo , Neurotransmissores/metabolismo , Preparações Farmacêuticas/metabolismo , Poluentes Químicos da Água/metabolismo
5.
An Acad Bras Cienc ; 96(1): e20221011, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38597487

RESUMO

Groupers (Epinephelidae and Serranidae) have attracted special attention to fish farming, and their species offer good opportunities for successful hybridizations. Cytogenetic data allow a better understanding of the role of karyotypic diversification in the acquisition of post-zygotic reproductive isolation (RI). Thus, chromosomal analyses were performed on E. striatus (Caribbean Sea), E. coioides and E. tauvina (Indo-Pacific Region), using standard procedures and mapping of six repetitive DNA classes by the in situ hybridization. The three species have 2n=48 chromosomes. The karyotypes of E. coioides and E. striatus are composed only of acrocentric chromosomes (FN=48), while E. tauvina has 8 submetacentric chromosomes (FN=56). Heterochromatin has a preferential centromeric distribution, and the microsatellite repeats are dispersed throughout the chromosomes of all species. The 18S and 5S rDNA sites are unique but show a colocalization arrangement in E. tauvina and E. striatus. The chromosomal organization suggests that the three species still maintain a significant amount of syntenic regions. The range of the karyotype divergence and the RI levels showed low, but goes turn proportionally greater in relation to the divergence time between the parental species. The slow acquisition of postzygotic RI is consistent with the high karyotype homogeneity presented by Epinephelidae family.


Assuntos
Bass , Perciformes , Animais , Bass/genética , Isolamento Reprodutivo , Cariótipo , Cariotipagem
6.
J Exp Biol ; 227(7)2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38586934

RESUMO

In many animals, ultraviolet (UV) vision guides navigation, foraging, and communication, but few studies have addressed the contribution of UV signals to colour vision, or measured UV discrimination thresholds using behavioural experiments. Here, we tested UV colour vision in an anemonefish (Amphiprion ocellaris) using a five-channel (RGB-V-UV) LED display. We first determined that the maximal sensitivity of the A. ocellaris UV cone was ∼386 nm using microspectrophotometry. Three additional cone spectral sensitivities had maxima at ∼497, 515 and ∼535 nm. We then behaviourally measured colour discrimination thresholds by training anemonefish to distinguish a coloured target pixel from grey distractor pixels of varying intensity. Thresholds were calculated for nine sets of colours with and without UV signals. Using a tetrachromatic vision model, we found that anemonefish were better (i.e. discrimination thresholds were lower) at discriminating colours when target pixels had higher UV chromatic contrast. These colours caused a greater stimulation of the UV cone relative to other cone types. These findings imply that a UV component of colour signals and cues improves their detectability, which likely increases the prominence of anemonefish body patterns for communication and the silhouette of zooplankton prey.


Assuntos
Visão de Cores , Perciformes , Animais , Cor , Células Fotorreceptoras Retinianas Cones/fisiologia , Percepção de Cores/fisiologia , Raios Ultravioleta
7.
J Helminthol ; 98: e31, 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38584424

RESUMO

Acanthocephalans are a group of obligate endoparasites that alternate between vertebrates and invertebrates to complete their life cycles. Occasionally, the same individual host acts as a definitive or paratenic host for different acanthocephalan species. In this study, acanthocephalans were sampled in marine fish in three localities of the Yucatán Peninsula; adults and cystacanths were recovered from the intestine and body cavity, respectively, of Haemulon plumierii from off the coast of Sisal, Yucatán. Ribosomal DNA sequences (small and large subunits) were used to test the phylogenetic position of the species of the genus Dollfusentis, whereas the mtDNA gene cox 1 was used for assessing species delimitation. The cox 1 analysis revealed an independent genetic lineage, which is recognized herein as a new species, Dollfusentis mayae n. sp. The new species is morphologically distinguished from the other six congeners by having a cylindrical proboscis armed with 22-25 longitudinal rows bearing 12 hooks each. The cystacanths were morphologically identified as Gorgorhynchus medius by having a cylindrical trunk covered with tiny irregular spines on the anterior region, and a cylindrical proboscis armed with 17-18 longitudinal rows of 21 hooks each; small and large subunit phylogenetic analyses yielded G. medius within the family Isthomosacanthidae, suggesting that Gorgorhynchus should be transferred to this family from Rhadinorhynchidae where it is currently allocated.


Assuntos
Acantocéfalos , Helmintíase Animal , Perciformes , Animais , México , Filogenia , Helmintíase Animal/parasitologia , Peixes/parasitologia , Perciformes/parasitologia
8.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(7)2024 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38612913

RESUMO

Salt is frequently introduced in ecosystems, where it acts as a pollutant. This study examined how changes in salinity affect the survival and development of zebrafish from the two-cell to the blastocyst stage and from the blastocyst to the larval stage. Control zebrafish embryos were cultured in E3 medium containing 5 mM Sodium Chloride (NaCl), 0.17 mM Potassium Chloride (KCL), 0.33 mM Calcium Chloride (CaCl2), and 0.33 mM Magnesium Sulfade (MgSO4). Experiments were conducted using increasing concentrations of each individual salt at 5×, 10×, 50×, and 100× the concentration found in E3 medium. KCL, CaCl2, and MgSO4 did not result in lethal abnormalities and did not affect early embryo growth at any of the concentrations tested. Concentrations of 50× and 100× NaCl caused embryonic death in both stages of development. Concentrations of 5× and 10× NaCl resulted in uninflated swim bladders in 12% and 65% of larvae, compared to 4.2% of controls, and caused 1654 and 2628 genes to be differentially expressed in blastocysts, respectively. The ATM signaling pathway was affected, and the Sonic Hedgehog pathway genes Shh and Ptc1 implicated in swim bladder development were downregulated. Our findings suggest that increased NaCl concentrations may alter gene expression and cause developmental abnormalities in animals found in affected ecosystems.


Assuntos
Proteínas Hedgehog , Perciformes , Animais , Proteínas Hedgehog/genética , Cloreto de Sódio/farmacologia , Água , Peixe-Zebra/genética , Cloreto de Cálcio , Ecossistema , Cloreto de Sódio na Dieta , Larva/genética , Expressão Gênica
10.
PLoS One ; 19(4): e0300622, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38603682

RESUMO

Breast cancer is one of the most often diagnosed cancers in women, and identifying breast cancer histological images is an essential challenge in automated pathology analysis. According to research, the global BrC is around 12% of all cancer cases. Furthermore, around 25% of women suffer from BrC. Consequently, the prediction of BrC depends critically on the quick and precise processing of imaging data. The primary reason deep learning models are used in breast cancer detection is that they can produce findings more quickly and accurately than current machine learning-based techniques. Using a BreakHis dataset, we demonstrated in this work the viability of automatically identifying and classifying BrC. The first stage is pre-processing, which employs an Adaptive Switching Modified Decision Based Unsymmetrical Trimmed Median Filter (ASMDBUTMF) to remove high-density noise. After the image has been pre-processed, it is segmented using the Thresholding Level set approach. Next, we propose a hybrid chaotic sand cat optimization technique, together with the Remora Optimization Algorithm (ROA) for feature selection. The suggested strategy facilitates the acquisition of precise functionality attributes, hence simplifying the detection procedure. Additionally, it aids in resolving problems pertaining to global optimization. Following the selection, the best characteristics proceed to the categorization procedure. A DL classifier called the Conditional Variation Autoencoder is used to discriminate between cancerous and benign tumors while categorizing them. Consequently, a classification accuracy of 99.4%, Precision of 99.2%, Recall of 99.1%, F- score of 99%, Specificity of 99.14%, FDR of 0.54, FNR of 0.001, FPR of 0.002, MCC of 0.98 and NPV of 0.99 were obtained using the proposed approach. Furthermore, compared to other research using the current BreakHis dataset, the results of our research are more desirable.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Felis , Perciformes , Feminino , Humanos , Animais , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Areia , Mama , Peixes , Algoritmos
11.
Commun Biol ; 7(1): 450, 2024 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38605093

RESUMO

Antarctic silverfish Pleuragramma antarcticum is the most abundant pelagic fish in the High Antarctic shelf waters of the Southern Ocean, where it plays a pivotal role in the trophic web as the major link between lower and higher trophic levels. Despite the ecological importance of this species, knowledge about its role in the biogeochemical cycle is poor. We determine the seasonal contribution of Antarctic silverfish to carbon flux in terms of faeces and eggs, from samples collected in the Ross Sea. We find that eggs and faeces production generate a flux accounting for 41% of annual POC flux and that the variability of this flux is modulated by spawning strategy. This study shows the important role of this organism as a vector for carbon flux. Since Antarctic silverfish are strongly dependent on sea-ice, they might be especially sensitive to climatic changes. Our results suggest that a potential decrease in the biomass of this organism is likely to impact marine biogeochemical cycles, and this should be factored in when assessing Southern Ocean carbon budget.


Assuntos
Carbono , Perciformes , Animais , Lepisma , Baías , Peixes , Galinhas
12.
PeerJ ; 12: e17131, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38563000

RESUMO

Global warming continues to exert unprecedented impacts on marine habitats. Species distribution models (SDMs) are proven powerful in predicting habitat distribution for marine demersal species under climate change impacts. The Antarctic toothfish, Dissostichus mawsoni (Norman 1937), an ecologically and commercially significant species, is endemic to the Southern Ocean. Utilizing occurrence records and environmental data, we developed an ensemble model that integrates various modelling techniques. This model characterizes species-environment relationships and predicts current and future fishable habitats of D. mawsoni under four climate change scenarios. Ice thickness, depth and mean water temperature were the top three important factors in affecting the distribution of D. mawsoni. The ensemble prediction suggests an overall expansion of fishable habitats, potentially due to the limited occurrence records from fishery-dependent surveys. Future projections indicate varying degrees of fishable habitat loss in large areas of the Amery Ice Shelf's eastern and western portions. Suitable fishable habitats, including the spawning grounds in the seamounts around the northern Ross Sea and the coastal waters of the Bellingshausen Sea and Amundsen Sea, were persistent under present and future environmental conditions, highlighting the importance to protect these climate refugia from anthropogenic disturbance. Though data deficiency existed in this study, our predictions can provide valuable information for designing climate-adaptive development and conservation strategies in maintaining the sustainability of this species.


Assuntos
Mudança Climática , Perciformes , Animais , Regiões Antárticas , Ecossistema , Oceanos e Mares
13.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 7813, 2024 04 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38565862

RESUMO

Steatotic liver disease (SLD) is a burgeoning health problem predominantly associated with excessive alcohol consumption, which causes alcohol-related liver disease (ALD), and high caloric intake, which results in metabolic dysfunction-associated SLD (MASLD). The pathogenesis of ALD and MASLD, which can progress from steatohepatitis to more severe conditions such as liver fibrosis, cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma, is complicated by several factors. Recently, extracellular ATP and adenosine (Ado), as damage-associated molecular patterns, were reported to promote inflammation and liver fibrosis, contributing to SLD pathogenesis. Here, we explored the in vivo dynamics of hepatic extracellular ATP and Ado during the progression of steatohepatitis using a genetically encoded GPCR-activation-based sensor (GRAB) in zebrafish models. We established hepatocyte-specific GRABATP and GRABAdo in zebrafish and investigated the changes in in vivo hepatic extracellular ATP and Ado levels under ALD or MASLD conditions. Disease-specific changes in hepatocyte extracellular ATP and Ado levels were observed, clearly indicating a correlation between hepatocyte extracellular ATP/Ado dynamics and disease progression. Furthermore, clodronate, a vesicular nucleotide transporter inhibitor, alleviated the MASLD phenotype by reducing the hepatic extracellular ATP and Ado content. These findings provide deep insights into extracellular ATP/Ado dynamics in disease progression, suggesting therapeutic potential for ALD and MASLD.


Assuntos
Fígado Gorduroso , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Doenças Metabólicas , Perciformes , Animais , Peixe-Zebra , Adenosina , Cirrose Hepática , Progressão da Doença , Trifosfato de Adenosina
14.
PLoS One ; 19(4): e0300249, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38573994

RESUMO

The effects of jogi (the fish Atlantic croaker, Micropogonias undulatus) on the production of physicochemical components, such as color, organic acids, and amino acids, in kimchi, a traditional fermented vegetable food of Korea, were determined. As fermentation progressed, the color change of jogi-added kimchi increased, but in comparison with that of the control group without jogi-added kimchi, was difficult to distinguish with the naked eye. Reducing sugar decreased in all experimental groups, and as fermentation progressed, kimchi with jogi showed a lower value. Acetic acid, citric acid, lactic acid, and ethanol, were highly produced in both types of kimchi, and above all, the jogi-baechu-kimchi group showed higher acetic acid and lactic acid contents than the control group. The increase and decrease of amino acids were similar in both types of kimchi. However, significantly, immediately after manufacture, the savory components aspartic acid and glutamic acid were detected higher than the control group. Subsequently, the fermentation tended to decrease as it progressed, but the content was higher than that of the control group. The above results show that jogi addition has a greater effect on the contents of amino acid, especially the savory component, than on the physicochemical components.


Assuntos
Alimentos Fermentados , Perciformes , Animais , Aminoácidos , Fermentação , Ácido Láctico , Acetatos , Microbiologia de Alimentos
15.
Mayo Clin Proc ; 99(4): 683-684, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38569817

RESUMO

Art is integrated into the Mayo Clinic environment. Since the original Mayo Clinic Building was finished in 1914, many pieces have been donated or commissioned for patients and staff to enjoy. Each issue of Mayo Clinic Proceedings features a work of art (as interpreted by the author) that is displayed in a building or on the grounds of Mayo Clinic campuses.


Assuntos
Oncorhynchus mykiss , Perciformes , Animais , Humanos
16.
Elife ; 132024 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38497789

RESUMO

The vertebrate kidneys play two evolutionary conserved roles in waste excretion and osmoregulation. Besides, the kidney of fish is considered as a functional ortholog of mammalian bone marrow that serves as a hematopoietic hub for generating blood cell lineages and immunological responses. However, knowledge about the properties of kidney hematopoietic cells, and the functionality of the kidney in fish immune systems remains to be elucidated. To this end, our present study generated a comprehensive atlas with 59 hematopoietic stem/progenitor cell (HSPC) and immune-cells types from zebrafish kidneys via single-cell transcriptome profiling analysis. These populations included almost all known cells associated with innate and adaptive immunity, and displayed differential responses to viral infection, indicating their diverse functional roles in antiviral immunity. Remarkably, HSPCs were found to have extensive reactivities to viral infection, and the trained immunity can be effectively induced in certain HSPCs. In addition, the antigen-stimulated adaptive immunity can be fully generated in the kidney, suggesting the kidney acts as a secondary lymphoid organ. These results indicated that the fish kidney is a dual-functional entity with functionalities of both primary and secondary lymphoid organs. Our findings illustrated the unique features of fish immune systems, and highlighted the multifaced biology of kidneys in ancient vertebrates.


Assuntos
Perciformes , Viroses , Animais , Peixe-Zebra , Hematopoese/genética , Rim , Imunidade Adaptativa , Análise de Sequência de RNA , Mamíferos
17.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 273: 116175, 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38458070

RESUMO

Nanoplastics are recognized as emerging contaminants that can cause severe toxicity to marine fishes. However, limited researches were focusing on the toxic effects of nanoplastics on marine fish, especially the post-exposure resilience. In this study, red drum (Sciaenops ocellatus) were exposed to 5 mg/L polystyrene nanoplastics (100 nm, PS-NPs) for a 7-day exposure experiment, and a 14-day recovery experiment that followed. The aim was to evaluate the dynamic alterations in hepatic and branchial tissue damage, hepatic antioxidant capacity, as well as hepatic transcriptional and metabolic regulation in the red drum during exposure and post-exposure to PS-NPs. Histopathological observation found that PS-NPs primarily triggered hepatic lipid droplets and branchial epithelial liftings, a phenomenon persistently discernible up to the 14 days of recovery. Although antioxidant capacity partially recovered during recovery periods, PS-NPs resulted in a sustained reduction in hepatic antioxidant activity, causing oxidative damage throughout the entire exposure and recovery phases, as evidenced by decreased total superoxide dismutase activities and increased malondialdehyde content. At the transcriptional and metabolic level, PS-NPs primarily induced lipid metabolism disorders, DNA damage, biofilm disruption, and mitochondrial dysfunction. In the gene-metabolite correlation interaction network, numerous CcO (cytochrome c oxidase) family genes and lipid metabolites were identified as key regulatory genes and metabolites in detoxification processes. Among them, the red drum possesses one additional CcO6B in comparison to human and zebrafish, which potentially contributes to its enhanced capacity for maintaining a stable and positive regulatory function in detoxification. This study revealed that nanoplastics cause severe biotoxicity to red drum, which may be detrimental to the survival of wild populations and affect the economics of farmed populations.


Assuntos
Perciformes , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Animais , Humanos , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Microplásticos/metabolismo , Peixe-Zebra/genética , Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo , Perciformes/genética , Perciformes/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo , Poliestirenos/toxicidade , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade , Poluentes Químicos da Água/metabolismo
18.
PeerJ ; 12: e16828, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38436023

RESUMO

A new labrid fish species, Halichoeres sanchezi n. sp., is described from eight specimens collected in the Revillagigedo Archipelago in the tropical eastern Pacific Ocean, off the coast of Mexico. The new species belongs to the Halichoeres melanotis species complex that is found throughout the region, differing by 2.4% in the mtDNA cytochrome c oxidase I sequence from its nearest relative, H. melanotis from Panama, and 2.9% from Halichoeres salmofasciatus from Cocos Island, off Costa Rica. The complex is distinguished from others in the region by having a black spot on the opercular flap and a prominent black area on the caudal fin of males. The juveniles and initial phase of the new species closely resemble those of H. salmofasciatus and Halichoeres malpelo from Malpelo Island of Colombia, differing in having an oblong black spot with a yellow dorsal margin on the mid-dorsal fin of initial-phase adults as well as on juveniles. In contrast, the terminal-phase male color pattern is distinct from other relatives, being vermilion to orangish brown with dark scale outlines, a white patch on the upper abdomen, and a prominent black band covering the posterior caudal peduncle and base of the caudal fin. The new species adds to the list of endemic fish species for the isolated archipelago and is an interesting case of island endemism in the region. The discovery was made during the joint 2022 collecting expedition to the archipelago, which featured a pioneering collaborative approach to an inventory of an island ichthyofauna, specifically including expert underwater photographers systematically documenting specimens in situ, before hand-collection, and then photographed fresh, tissue-sampled, and subsequently vouchered in museum collections.


Assuntos
Cavidade Abdominal , Perciformes , Masculino , Animais , México , Oceano Pacífico , Peixes/genética
19.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 6670, 2024 03 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38509148

RESUMO

Age-related hearing loss (ARHL) is a debilitating disorder for millions worldwide. While there are multiple underlying causes of ARHL, one common factor is loss of sensory hair cells. In mammals, new hair cells are not produced postnatally and do not regenerate after damage, leading to permanent hearing impairment. By contrast, fish produce hair cells throughout life and robustly regenerate these cells after toxic insult. Despite these regenerative abilities, zebrafish show features of ARHL. Here, we show that aged zebrafish of both sexes exhibited significant hair cell loss and decreased cell proliferation in all inner ear epithelia (saccule, lagena, utricle). Ears from aged zebrafish had increased expression of pro-inflammatory genes and significantly more macrophages than ears from young adult animals. Aged zebrafish also had fewer lateral line hair cells and less cell proliferation than young animals, although lateral line hair cells still robustly regenerated following damage. Unlike zebrafish, African turquoise killifish (an emerging aging model) only showed hair cell loss in the saccule of aged males, but both sexes exhibit age-related changes in the lateral line. Our work demonstrates that zebrafish exhibit key features of auditory aging, including hair cell loss and increased inflammation. Further, our finding that aged zebrafish have fewer lateral line hair cells yet retain regenerative capacity, suggests a decoupling of homeostatic hair cell addition from regeneration following acute trauma. Finally, zebrafish and killifish show species-specific strategies for lateral line homeostasis that may inform further comparative research on aging in mechanosensory systems.


Assuntos
Orelha Interna , Peixes Listrados , Sistema da Linha Lateral , Perciformes , Animais , Masculino , Feminino , Peixe-Zebra/genética , Células Ciliadas Auditivas/metabolismo , Regeneração/genética , Mamíferos
20.
Environ Toxicol Pharmacol ; 107: 104419, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38508506

RESUMO

Certain individuals have a disproportionate effect on group responses. Characteristics may include susceptibility to pollutants, such as cadmium (Cd), a potent trace metal. Here, we show how a pair of Cd-exposed individuals can impact the behavior of unexposed groups. We used behavioral assessments to characterize the extent of the effects of the Cd-exposed individuals on group boldness, cohesion, foraging, activity, and responses to plants. We found that groups with a pair of Cd-exposed fish remained closer to novel stimuli and plants than did groups with untreated (control) fish. The presence of plants reduced Cd-induced differences in shoal cohesion and delays feeding in male shoals. Shoals with Cd- and water-treated fish were equally active. The results suggest that fish acutely exposed to environmentally relevant Cd concentrations can have profound effects on the un-exposed majority. However, the presence of plants may mitigate the effects of contaminants on some aspects of social behavior.


Assuntos
Perciformes , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Animais , Peixe-Zebra/fisiologia , Cádmio/toxicidade , Comportamento Social , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade
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