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Pocilgas de espera como fonte de contaminação por Staphylococcus coagulase positiva de suínos destinados ao abate / Holding pens as sources of contamination of coagulase-positive Staphylococcus to pigs waiting for slaughter

Moreira, Lauren Machado; Tavares, Alana Borges; Ebersol, Celina Nunes; Gonçalves, Taís Gonçalves; Lima, Helenice Gonzalez de; Cereser, Natacha Debonim; Timm, Cláudio Dias.
Acta Sci. vet.; 46: 1-6, 2018. tab
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-19176

Resumo

Background: Coagulase-Positive Staphylococcus (SCP) are important pathogens related to foodborne illness associated with pork consumption. The isolation of SCP from pork products has been reported in several countries, including Brazil. Therefore, the identification of the sources of contamination of the pork products is fundamental to ensure the food safety. Although the animals remain in the holding pens during the pre-slaughter, these facilities have not been studied as a possible source of contamination for pigs. The aim of this study was to determine the importance of holding pens as sources of contamination of SCP to pigs and to identify other sources in the slaughter flowchart.Materials, Methods & Results: It was followed four pigs from ten different lots sent to slaughter. Prior to slaughter, samples were collected from the floors of the holding pens in the slaughterhouse. During slaughter, samples from seven different points were collected: 1) stool from the rectum immediately after stunning; 2) external surface of the carcass after dehairing; 3) internal surface of the carcass after evisceration; 4) external surface of the half-carcass prior to entry into the cold chamber; 5) tongue surface; 6) jowls; and 7) mesenteric lymph nodes. The strains were obtained through microbiological analysis. To compare the similarity between the strains, rep-PCR was performed. Of the ten samples collected in the holding pens, four (40%) were contaminated with SCP. At slaughter, 280 samples were collected and 56 (20%) SCP isolates were obtained. The lymph nodes were the point of greatest isolation (19.6%), followed by the surface of the carcass at the entrance to the cold chamber (17.8%), the rectum after desensitization (16.1%), carcass surface after opening of the abdominal cavity (16.1%), jowls (12.5%), carcass surface after dehairing (8.9%) and tongue surface (8.9%).[...](AU)
Biblioteca responsável: BR68.1
Localização: BR68.1