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Supplemental irrigation using brackish water on maize in tropical semi-arid regions of Brazil: yield and economic analysis

Cavalcante, Eduardo Santos; Lacerda, Claudivan Feitosa de; Costa, Raimundo Nonato Távora; Gheyi, Hans Raj; Pinho, Luciana Luzia; Bezerra, Francisco Mardones Sérvulo; Oliveira, Adriana Cruz de; Canjá, Juvenaldo Florentino.
Sci. agric.; 782021.
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX-Express | ID: vti-761864

Resumo

ABSTRACT: Supplemental irrigation during dry spells could reduce maize yield losses in tropical semi-arid regions, notably in small farms. However, good quality water reserves are not sufficient to meet the demands of farming communities. Consequently, our objective was to evaluate the productivity and profitability of maize under different simulated rainfall scenarios, with and without supplemental irrigation (SI) with brackish water. The field experiments were carried out during the cropping seasons of 2018 and 2019 on Ultisol. The experiment followed a randomized block design in the split-plot scheme with four replicates. The plots were formed by simulating the water supply in the soil corresponding to four water scenarios (rainy, normal, drought and severe drought), and the sub-plots with or without SI with brackish water (Electrical conductivity of 4.5 dS m1). Mean yields of green maize ears were 13,083, 11,532, 10,358 and 9,609 kg ha1 for rainy, normal, drought and severe drought scenarios, as supplemented with brackish water. For the same treatments without SI the values were 11,394, 7,896, 3,913 and 1,374 kg ha1, respectively. Data on farmer's income showed that under normal, drought and severe drought supplementation with brackish water becomes economically advantageous from 0.9, 1.0 and 2.4 ha, respectively, while maize cultivation without SI is not advantageous under the last two scenarios. For severe drought conditions, however, SI using brackish water reduced commercial yield by 27 % with negative effects on the farmers profitability. In this case, it is necessary to use water with either lower salinity or select salt tolerant crops.
Biblioteca responsável: BR68.1