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1.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 153-163, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-898983

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study aimed to investigate the changes in microRNA-130a (miR-130a) and its correlation with cardiotoxicity during epirubicin/cyclophosphamide followed by docetaxel plus trastuzumab (EC-D+T) adjuvant chemotherapy in human epidermal growth factor receptor-2-positive (HER2+) breast cancer patients. @*Methods@#A total of 72 HER2+ breast cancer patients who underwent resection and were scheduled to receive EC-D+T adjuvant therapy were consecutively enrolled. The expression of miR-130a and cardiotoxicity (defined as any of the following situations: 1) absolute decline of left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≥ 10% and LVEF < 53%; 2) heart failure; 3) acute coronary artery syndromes; and 4) fatal arrhythmia) were assessed every 3 months throughout the 15-month EC-D+T treatment. @*Results@#The accumulating cardiotoxicity rate was 12 (16.7%), of which the incidence of heart failure, acute coronary syndrome, life-threatening arrhythmias, ΔLVEF ≥ 10%, and LVEF < 53% was 0 (0.0%), 1 (1.4%), 0 (0.0%), and 12 (16.7%), respectively. Baseline miR-130a expression was negatively correlated with LVEF (%) and positively correlated with cardiac troponin I. The expression of miR-130a gradually increased in both cardiotoxicity and noncardiotoxicity patients during EC-D+T treatment, while the increment of miR-130a was more obvious in cardiotoxicity patients compared with non-cardiotoxicity patients. Further logistic regression and receiver operating characteristic curve analysis indicated that miR-130a was an independent predictive factor for increased cardiotoxicity risk. @*Conclusion@#MiR-130a increases constantly and predicts high cardiotoxicity risk during ECD+T adjuvant chemotherapy in HER2+ breast cancer patients.

2.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 153-163, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-891279

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study aimed to investigate the changes in microRNA-130a (miR-130a) and its correlation with cardiotoxicity during epirubicin/cyclophosphamide followed by docetaxel plus trastuzumab (EC-D+T) adjuvant chemotherapy in human epidermal growth factor receptor-2-positive (HER2+) breast cancer patients. @*Methods@#A total of 72 HER2+ breast cancer patients who underwent resection and were scheduled to receive EC-D+T adjuvant therapy were consecutively enrolled. The expression of miR-130a and cardiotoxicity (defined as any of the following situations: 1) absolute decline of left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≥ 10% and LVEF < 53%; 2) heart failure; 3) acute coronary artery syndromes; and 4) fatal arrhythmia) were assessed every 3 months throughout the 15-month EC-D+T treatment. @*Results@#The accumulating cardiotoxicity rate was 12 (16.7%), of which the incidence of heart failure, acute coronary syndrome, life-threatening arrhythmias, ΔLVEF ≥ 10%, and LVEF < 53% was 0 (0.0%), 1 (1.4%), 0 (0.0%), and 12 (16.7%), respectively. Baseline miR-130a expression was negatively correlated with LVEF (%) and positively correlated with cardiac troponin I. The expression of miR-130a gradually increased in both cardiotoxicity and noncardiotoxicity patients during EC-D+T treatment, while the increment of miR-130a was more obvious in cardiotoxicity patients compared with non-cardiotoxicity patients. Further logistic regression and receiver operating characteristic curve analysis indicated that miR-130a was an independent predictive factor for increased cardiotoxicity risk. @*Conclusion@#MiR-130a increases constantly and predicts high cardiotoxicity risk during ECD+T adjuvant chemotherapy in HER2+ breast cancer patients.

3.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 1271-1274, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-475263

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the egicacy and security of intracoronary administration of tirofiban combined high-dose adenosine during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with acute myocardial infarction (STEMI).Methods Eighty-eight cases with STEMI were randomly divided into observation group(44 cases) who were accepted 2 times intracoronary adenosine(2 mg,10 ml 0.9% NaCl),and control group(44 cases) who were afforded only 10 ml 0.9% NaCl by prospective,double-blind,and random study.The two groups were received10 g/kg tirofiban after aspiration catheter in the culprit lesion distal bolus injection of 3 rain,at the same time,continuous infusion of 0.15 g/(kg · min) for 24 h.The postoperative coronary arteriography and electrocardiogram were evaluated.Meanwhile,the postoperative myocardial blush grade(MBG),thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI),corrected TIMI frame counts (CTFC),ST-segment elevation resolution (STR) major adverse cardiac events (MACE),and adverse reactions of adenosine were recorded.Results There was no significant difference in terms of postoperative TIMI and STR between two groups (P > 0.05).The CTFC of observation group was (24.4 ± 4.9) frames,significant better than that of control group((21.9 ±3.7) frames;t =2.701,P <0.01).The ratio of MBG in observation group was 24/44,higher than that of control group(14/44 ; x2 =4.632,P < 0.05).There were no significant difference regarding of the ratio of death,MACE,target vessel revascularization,grade of NYHA between observation and control group at followed up for 1 and 12 month (P > 0.05).The ratio of patients with blood pressure decrease ≥ 10 mm Hg,new second degree atrioventricular block in observation group were 15.9% and 20.5%,higher than that in control group (2.3% and 15.9% ; x2 =4.950,7.221 ; P =0.026,0.007).The adverse reaction was transient.Conclusion The intracoronary administration of tirofiban combined high-dose adenosine during PCI in patients with STEMI plays an effective role on improvement of myocardial perfusion.

4.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 978-980, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-441984

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect and safety of rotational power-driven thrombectomy therapy through intrapulmonary for acute massive pulmonary thromboembolism.Methods Sixteen patients of acute massive pulmonary thromboembolism diagnosed by CT and pulmonary angiography were treated with Straub Rotarex system.The successful rate,release of clinical manifestations and the blood hemodynamic changes were observed and analyzed.Results The clinical manifestations were improved remarkably in all the 16 patients,arterial partial pressure of oxygen,saturation of arterial blood oxygen,shock index,Miller score and mPAP were (56.7± 13.4) mm Hg,84.1 ± 10.4)%,(1.27 ±-0.39),(22.7±11.4) and (36.3 ±9.4) mm Hg respectively before treatment,and (92.2 ± 8.6) mm Hg,(96.6 ± 12.7) %,(0.57 ± 0.42),(12.1 ± 7.8)points and (21.9 ± 7.3) mm Hg respectively after treatment,which were all improved significantly (t =-2.794,2.601,-2.592,-2.638,-2.617,P < 0.01).Conclusion Rotational power-driven thrombectomy therapy through intrapulmonary is an effective and safe technique for the treatment of acute massive pulmonary embolism.

5.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 1166-1169, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-441980

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the therapeutic effect of trimetazidine(TMZ) and atorvastatin on coronary no-flow/slow-flow phenomenon (CNFP/CSFP) emergency pereutaneous coronary intervention (PCI)Methods Thirty-two patients with acute myocardial infarction were selected as our subjects,who hospitalized from April 2007 to May 2012 after PCI with CNFP/CSFP.Patients were administrated with the TMZ (60 mg/d)and atorvastatin (20 mg/d) for 6 months besides the routine therapy.The changes of the clinical symptoms including ECG exercise test,coronary flow of coronary angiography(CAG) were recorded and the level of serum high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP),matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9),tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-6(IL-6) were measured before and after the treatment.Results (1)The symptoms of the patients were improved remarkably;the effective rate was 87.5% (28/32).The improving rate of ECG was 90.6%.The CTFC of patients after treatment was (20.17 ± 4.36),significantly lower than that of before treatment (35.34 ± 7.43,t =2.409,P < 0.05).(2) The levels of hs-CRP,MMP-9,TNF-a and IL-6 at after treatment were (3.34 ±0.47) mg/L,(173.09 ±42.19) μg/L,(8.47 ±2.09) μg/L,(89.37 ± 18.72) ng/L,lower than that of before treatment ((12.34 ± 2.43) mg/L,(972.68 ± 131.91) μg/L,(23.54 ± 7.48) μg/L,(154.39 ± 42.07) ng/L),and difference were significant (t =2.537,2.789,2.691,2.430,P < 0.01 or P <0.05).Conclusion The therapy approach of TMZ and atorvastatin plus routine treatment of nitrate and aspirin showed a better therapeutic effect on CNFP/CSFP.The causes of CNFP/CSFP may relate to inflammation.

6.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2975-2979, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-251245

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate flavonoids from Artocarpus hypargyreus.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The compounds were isolated by various chromatographic methods and identified by spectroscopic analysis.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Ten compounds were isolated and their structures were identified as artohypaflavone (1), brosimone H (2), artonin A (3), artocarpin (4), artopetelin B (5), (-)-epiafzelechin (6), oxyresveratrol (7), (+)-afzelechin (8), (+)-catechin (9), and (+)-afzelechin-3-O-alpha-L-rhamnopyranoside (10).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Compound 1 is a new isoprenylated flavone, while compounds 2, 4-6, and 8 were isolated from this plant for the first time.</p>


Subject(s)
Artocarpus , Chemistry , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Flavonoids , Chemistry , Molecular Structure
7.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 61-6, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-448936

ABSTRACT

To investigate the effects of cycloartocarpin A (ACR-2) and artocarpin (ACR-3), monomeric compounds isolated from Fructus Artocarpi Heterophylli, on apoptosis of SMMC-7721 and SGC-7901 cell lines.

8.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3002-3006, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-260700

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the anti-HBV constituents in the roots of Euphorbia fischeriana.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The compounds were isolated by various chromatographic methods and identified by spectroscopic analysis. Some compounds were tested for the anti-HBV activity.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Eleven compounds were isolated and identified as tirucalla-5,24-dien-3-ol (1), 24-methyltirucalla-5, 24-dien-3-ol (2), euphol (3), butyrospermol (4), 24-methylenecycloartenol (5), cycloartenol (6), jolkinolid E (7) helioscopinolide A (8), isoscopoletion (9), dephnoretin (10), and 3, 3'-di-O-methylellagic acid 4'-O-beta-D-xylopyranoside (11).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Compounds 1, 2 and 10 were isolated from the genus Euphorbia for the first time. Compounds 3, 4 and 11 were isolated from this species for the first time. Compounds 1, 8, 9 and 11 showed weak anti-HBsAg and anti-HBeAg activity, while compound 10 showed weak anti-HBsAg activity.</p>


Subject(s)
Antiviral Agents , Pharmacology , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Euphorbia , Chemistry , Hepatitis B virus , Plant Roots , Chemistry
9.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2057-2059, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-307646

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the alkaloids in the roots of Dactylicapnos scanden (D. Don) Hutch.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The compounds were isolated by various column chromatographic methods. The structures were elucidated by spectroscopic analysis.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Eight compounds were isolated and identified as d-isocorydine (1), protopine (2), d-magnoflorine (3), d-isocorydine-beta-N-oxide (4), d-corydine-alpha-N-oxide (5), d-corydine-beta-N-oxide (6), 6S, 6aS-N-methyllaurotetanine-alpha-N-oxide (7), and 6R, 6aS-N-methyllaurotetanine-beta-N-oxide (8).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Compounds 4-8 were isolated from this species and the genus Dactylicapnos for the first time.</p>


Subject(s)
Alkaloids , Chemistry , Fumariaceae , Chemistry , Plant Extracts , Chemistry , Plant Roots , Chemistry
10.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 517-20, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-449475

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of three compounds extracted from Tripterygium wilfordii Hook (TW) on angiogenesis in the chick chorioallantoic membrane (CAM). METHODS: Fifty fresh Hongkong Mahua chicken eggs were divided into five groups: PBS-treated group, TW1-, TW2- and TW3-treated groups and Rg3-treated group. After disinfection, the eggs were incubated for six days in a constant temperature box with the temperature being controlled within 37.8 degrees C, then exposed CAM, laid the filter papers with specimen on the CAM, and the eggs were incubated for another two days. CAM was fixed with the mixture of methyl alcohol and acetone at room temperature for about 15 min, and then cutting the CAM, taking photos and observing the angiogenesis in the CAM. RESULTS: There were many CAM vessels in the PBS-treated group and the blood vessel net could be seen clearly. The number of CAM vessels in the TW1-, TW2- and TW3-treated groups (10 microg/egg) was much less than that in the PBS-treated group. Furthermore, the frame of the vessels was not clear, and the color was obscure. Inhibition rates of angiogenesis in the TW1-, TW2- and TW3-treated groups were 80%, 60% and 100% respectively, while the inhibition rate of angiogenesis in the Rg3-treated group (10 microg/egg) was only 10%. CONCLUSION: TW1, TW2 and TW3 can obviously restrain the angiogenesis in CAM and still need further study.

11.
Chinese Journal of Practical Internal Medicine ; (12)2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-562479

ABSTRACT

Objective Study the differential diagnosis value of the axis of "no man's land" in wide QRS complex tachycardia.Methods Retrospectively analyse the axis of "no man's land" in 137 patients with wide complex tachycardia who had undergone intracardiac electrophysiologic studies,use the algebraic sum of the deflections in leads I and III to plot the QRS axis,to observe the rule of arrhythmia of "no man's land" appearance.Results Eighteen of 137 patients who had wide complex tachycardia had the axis of "no man's land",among which 16 patients had left idiopathic ventricular tachycardia,and 2 patients had wide complex supraventricular tachycardia they had accessory pathway conduct anterogradely.Conclusion The axis of "no man's land" is helpful in differential diagnosis of ventricular and supraventricular tachycardias with abberency or bundle branch block.

12.
Chinese Journal of Practical Internal Medicine ; (12)2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-559617

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the frequently used electrocardiographic criteria and propose a modified algorithm for differentiating typical atrioventricular node reentrant tachycardia(AVNRT)from atrioventricular reciprocating tachycardia(AVRT).Methods Twelve-lead electrocardiograms(ECGs)during sinus rhythm and atrioventricular node reentrant tachycardia(AVNRT)or atrioventricular reciprocating tachycardia(AVRT)with a narrow QRS complex were obtained from 154 patients who had received successful radiofrequency catheter ablation from Jan.2003 to Nov.2005.The ECGs of initial 104 patients were analyzed by 3 observers without knowledge of the electrophysiological diagnosis.According to these initial results,we proposed a modified stepwise ECG algorithm which used pseudo r′/S/Q waves,RP interval,and ST-segment elevation in lead aVR during tachycardia.Two observers assessed the algorithm in additional 50 patients.Results The algorithm was able to increase the overall accuracy from 77% and 79% with original algorithm to 84% and 87% with the modified algorithm,respectively.The inter-observer concordance was 85%.The intra-observer concordance was 89% in both investigators.Conclusion The modified algorithm can improve the accuracy of differential diagnosis between typical AVNRT and AVRT via concealed accessory pathway.

13.
Chinese Journal of Practical Internal Medicine ; (12)2001.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-557869

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the incidence of and identity risk factors for hemorrhage and thromboembolism during long-term warfarin therapy.Methods All patients were studied in the People's Hospital of Peking University Anticoagulant Clinic from 2001-04 to 2003-11,in whom a course of warfarin therapy intended to last for more than 4 weeks.All bleeding and thromboembolism events were classified as minor or serious or fatal and life-threatening.Incidences of adverse events were analyzed statistically.Results A total of 128 patients were enrolled in the investigation,the median age of the study group was 67 years(ranged 25 to 83).There were 41 bleeding events occurring in 34 patients,and 5 events of thromboembolism.Age and hepatocirrhosis were significantly associated with bleeding complications(P=0.040 and P=0.014).Conclusion Hemorrhage is the major side effect of warfarin;age and hepatocirrhosis are significantly associated with bleeding complications.

14.
Chinese Traditional and Herbal Drugs ; (24)1994.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-579818

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the chemical constituents in the whole plant of Hedyotis corymbosa.Methods The compounds were isolated by column chromatography,pre-TLC,and recrystallization.Their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic methods.Results Thirteen compounds were isolated and identified as(+)-lyoniresinol-3?-O-?-D-glucopyranoside(Ⅰ),quercetin(Ⅱ),esculetin(Ⅲ),scopoletin(Ⅳ),hedyotiscone A(Ⅴ),p-hydroxybenzoic acid(Ⅵ),protocatechuic acid(Ⅶ),vanillic acid(Ⅷ),syringic acid(Ⅸ),(+)-vomifoliol(Ⅹ),(-)-dihydrovomifoliol(Ⅺ),S-(+)-dehydrovomifoliol(ⅩⅡ),and alizarin 1-methyl ether(ⅩⅢ),respectively.Conclusion Compounds Ⅰ—ⅩⅢ are isolated from this plant for the first time.

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