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Japanese Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery ; : 324-326, 2019.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-758249


A 34-year-old man was referred to our hospital for primary tricuspid regurgitation. An echocardiogram showed severe tricuspid regurgitation caused by the prolapse of the anterior leaflet due to chordal rupture and enlargement of the tricuspid annulus. A large cleft on the anterior leaflet and a divided leaflet near the septal leaflet with a ruptured chorda were observed during surgery. We attached an artificial chorda from the anterior papillary muscle of the right ventricle to the prolapsed leaflet. We then repaired the large cleft with interrupted 6-0 polypropylene sutures and performed tricuspid annuloplasty. The prolapse of the anterior leaflet disappeared, and an intraoperative transesophageal echocardiogram revealed improvement of tricuspid regurgitation. The technique of mitral valve repair can be used even for a complex pathology of congenital cleft, chordal rupture, and annular enlargement of the tricuspid valve.

Japanese Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery ; : 466-470, 2013.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-375247


A 58-year-old man who complained of dyspnea on effort was given a diagnosis of decompensated congestive heart failure. Echocardiography revealed severe aortic regurgitation and cardiomegaly. We decided to perform aortic valve replacement with a mechanical valve, however his past history made us suspicious of allergy to metal. From his previous patient records, we determined he was allergic to many metals : gold, iron, platinum, cobalt, chrome, bronze, and zinc. Newly performed skin patch tests showed positive reactions to aluminum, tin, palladium, indium, iridium and stainless steel. We selected a CarboMedics mechanical valve made of nickel-titanium alloy. Aortic valve replacement with a 27-mm CarboMedics mechanical valve was performed by median sternotomy. At sternum closure, we used polyester non-absorbable suture thread, instead of surgical steel wire, because it contains stainless steel. His postoperative progress was good and he was discharged on the 10th postoperative day. One year after surgery he is doing well without any allergic symptoms.

Japanese Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery ; : 77-80, 2011.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-362066


A 73-year-old man was referred to our hospital for treatment of a sacral aneurysm of the distal aortic arch with a maximum dimension of 66 mm. He underwent total arch replacement (TAR) with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), moderate hypothermia, circulatory arrest (CA) of the lower body and antegrade selective cerebral perfusion (SCP) via a median sternotomy. Through the aneurysm, the descending aorta was divided and distal anastomosis was performed using the stepwise technique. After the inserted tube graft was extracted, a four-branched arch graft was anastomosed. The arch vessels and the proximal aorta were then anastomosed to the four-branched graft. The operation time was 515 min, CPB time was 305 min, aorta cross clamp (ACC) time was 213 min, SCP time was 143 min, and CA of the lower body was 97 min. On postoperative day (POD) 5, right-upper abdominal pain suddenly developed, with low grade fever. Acute cholecystitis was suspected and antibiotic therapy was started. On POD 6, his abdominal pain shifted to the lower-right region. His blood examination results were unchanged. Acute peritonitis was suggested by abdominal-enhanced computed tomography (CT), and emergency open cholecystectomy was then performed. There was no evidence of gall stones, and a bacterial culture of the ascites was negative. The pathological diagnosis was thromboendarteritis of the gallbladder artery, accompanied with thrombophlebitis and thrombosis, causing massive infarction at the neck of the gallbladder wall. His postoperative course was uneventful and he discharged in an ambulatory state on POD 16. In TAR, the risk of gastrointestinal ischemia is considerable because of prolonged circulatory arrest of the lower body and debris embolism. It is necessary to recognize possible gallbladder infarction, although it is rare, as a differential diagnosis of acute abdomen after TAR.

Japanese Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery ; : 72-76, 2011.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-362065


In recent treatment of mitral regurgitation due to active infective endocarditis, significant attempts have been made to repair as much of the mitral valve as possible. In cases where the leaflet is damaged extensively because of infection, valve repair generally becomes difficult unless the defect is reinforced by glutaric aldehyde-preserved autologous pericardium. We report a case in which mitral valve plasty for mitral regurgitation was performed under these circumstances. A 27-year-old man was admitted to our hospital because of headache and persistent fever. Transthoracic echocardiography revealed a 13-mm friable vegetation attached to the anterior leaflet of the mitral valve with severe mitral regurgitation. Urgent surgery was performed based on a diagnosis of active infective endocartitis. After cardiopulmonary bypass was performed and the aorta was cross-clamped, a left atriotomy was carried out on the interatrial groove. Much vegetation was attached to the damaged mitral leaflet from A3 to P3, and prolapse of the commissural leaflet was observed. The vegetation and damaged leaflet were then removed. Removal of the superficial vegetations enabled preservation of more than half of the A3. The valve was repaired by the resection-suture technique without using the autologous pericardium, as glutaric aldehyde solution was not available. Mitral annuloplasty using a 28-mm physio ring was performed thereafter. The postoperative course was uneventful and without any residual regurgitation. Nine months after surgery, no recurrence of infection or mitral regurgitation was not observed.

Japanese Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery ; : 151-155, 2009.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-361907


Case 1 was a 48-year-old mother who was under observation for Marfan syndrome and thoracic aortic dilation. She was brought to the hospital with chest pain, and a CT scan revealed acute aortic dissection (Stanford A). Aortic incompetence was also observed, and an emergency Bentall procedure was performed. Case 2, her daughter, was a 26 years old and 39 weeks pregnant. She did not meet the diagnostic criteria for Marfan syndrome. She experienced severe back pain on the same day that her mother was admitted for aortic dissection. Because the patient did not agree to the use of a contrast agent due to concern about its effect on the fetus, emergency cesarean section was performed. Subsequently, a CT scan performed on the patient showed acute aortic dissection (Stanford B). Accordingly, antihypertensive therapy was commenced. In both cases, the patients were discharged after they recovered. Although case 2 did not meet criteria for Marfan syndrome, because of the hereditary disposition, we strongly suspect this was a Marfan syndrome pregnancy. This type of case is included in the case literature on cesarean and vigilant perinatal care is thought to be necessary.