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1.
International Eye Science ; (12): 515-521, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012813

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the effects of hypobaric hypoxia in plateau on tear indexes and related anatomical structures in rabbits.METHODS: A total of 18 healthy New Zealand rabbits were selected and randomly divided into plateau group and control group, with 9 rabbits(18 eyes)in each group. The plateau group was housed in the Simulated Climate Cabin for Special Environment of Northwest of China, simulating hypobaric hypoxia at an altitude of 6 000 m. The control group was housed in a clean animal room with atmospheric pressure and oxygen. Changes in the tear meniscus height and non-invasive tear break-up time were detected by using RHCT-1 corneal topographer dry eye comprehensive analysis system, changes in tear secretion was measured by Schirmer Ⅰ test, before intervention and on the 3, 7 d, 2 and 4 wk. Meanwhile, the changes in tear composition before and after intervention in the plateau environment were analyzed using Raman Spectroscopy. The histopathological changes of the lower lid conjunctiva, cornea, lacrimal gland, and Hardarian gland were observed by hematoxylin-eosin(HE)staining after 4 wk of intervention, and the expression of mucin 5AC(MUC5AC)in conjunctiva was detected by immunohistochemistry.RESULTS: Compared with the control group, Schirmer Ⅰ test, tear meniscus height, first and average non-invasive tear break-up time in the plateau group decreased significantly since 3 d, and the difference was significant with the extension of observation time(P<0.05). The above indexes increased from 2 wk. After 4 wk of intervention, the protein and lipid content of the tear composition of rabbits in the plateau group increased, and the nucleic acid content decreased compared with the pre-intervention period. Compared with the control group, rabbits in the plateau group showed thickening of corneal stromal edema, an increase in the number of conjunctival cup cells, increase in the level of expression of MUC5AC, an increase in the level of expression of MUC5AC, an atrophy and flattening of cytoplasm in lacrimal epithelial cells, an enlargement of glandular lumen, and no obvious destructive changes in the Hardarian glands.CONCLUSION: Acute plateau environment can destroy the homeostasis of rabbit ocular surface, so that the tear secretion and the tear film stability decreases, but within a certain period of time, rabbits undergo compensation with the habituation to the hypobaric hypoxia environment, which can increase the tear secretion to a certain extent and restore the tear film stability.

2.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 51-56, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009222

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical efficacy of lesion removal, bone grafting, fusion, and external fixation in the treatment of late-stage wrist tuberculosis.@*METHODS@#From October 2015 to May 2019, 25 patients with late-stage wrist tuberculosis were treated using lesion removal, bone grafting, fusion, and external fixation. Among these patients, there were 14 males and 11 females, aged from 40 to 74 years old, with an average age of (60.72±8.45) years old. The duration of the disease ranged from 5 to 24 months, with an average of (11.52±7.61) months. There were 11 cases of left wrist tuberculosis and 14 cases of right wrist tuberculosis, with 5 cases accompanied by sinus formation. Postoperative regular anti-tuberculosis treatment was continued. Visual analogue score (VAS), inflammatory indicators, Gartland-Werley wrist function score, and upper limb function score were observed before and after treatment.@*RESULTS@#All 25 patients were followed up for ranging from 12 to 36 months with an average of (19.7±6.3) months. At the latest follow-up, all wounds were healed satisfactorily, and there was no recurrence of tuberculosis or infection. VAS at one week before operation and three months after operation were (5.16±1.14) score and (1.68±0.80) score respectively. One week before operation and three months after operation, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) was (44.20±20.56) mm·h-1 and (14.44±1.14) mm·h-1, and C-reactive protein (CRP) was (12.37±7.95) mg·L-1 and (4.3±3.37) mg·L-1. The differences in all three data sets were statistically significant (P<0.01). According to Gartland-Werley wrist function scoring, the scores at one week before operation and one year after operation were (21.32±3.44) and (14.96±1.37) respectively, showed a statistically significant difference (P<0.01). According to the upper limb function score (disabilities of the arm, shoulder, and hand, DASH), the score was (70.52±7.95) at one week before operation and(28.84±2.30) at one year after operation. The difference was statistically significant (P<0.01). At the latest follow-up, no patient had a recurrence of tuberculosis.@*CONCLUSION@#The short-term clinical efficacy of treating wrist tuberculosis with lesion removal, bone grafting, fusion, and external fixation is satisfactory.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Adult , Tuberculosis, Spinal/surgery , Wrist/surgery , Bone Transplantation , Thoracic Vertebrae/surgery , Lumbar Vertebrae , Spinal Fusion , Treatment Outcome , Upper Extremity , Retrospective Studies
3.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 786-790, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985562

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the relationship of social support to patients with schizophrenia, family burden with patients' quality of life and family life satisfaction. Methods: Multi-stage stratified cluster random sampling was used to select 358 patients with schizophrenia and 358 patients' family members in Gansu Province who met the inclusion criteria were included. The Social Support Rating Scale, Family Burden Scale, Satisfaction with Life Scale and Quality of Life Scale were used in the survey. AMOS 24.0 was used to explore the pathway of influence of family burden on social support to patients with schizophrenia, patients' quality of life and patients' family life satisfaction. Results: There was a two-by-two significant correlation between patients' access to social support, family burden, patients' life quality and family life satisfaction (P<0.05), and the total score of the social support scale negatively predicted the total score of the life quality scale (β=-0.28, P<0.05) and positively predicted the total score of the life satisfaction scale (β=0.52, P<0.05). Family burden was a full mediator between the social support to the patient and the patient's quality of life, and as a partial mediator between the social support to the patient and the family's life satisfaction. Conclusions: Social support to people with schizophrenia is a significant predictor of their quality of life and family life satisfaction. Family burden mediates the relationship of social support to patients with their quality of life and family life satisfaction. Interventions can focus on increasing social support for the patient and reducing the burden on the patient's family to improve the patient's quality of life and increase the satisfaction of the patient's family.


Subject(s)
Humans , Patient Satisfaction , Quality of Life , Schizophrenia , Family Relations , Social Support
4.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 316-319, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994487

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize clinical manifestations and histopathological features of granular parakeratosis (GP) after exposure to benzalkonium chloride.Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed on 7 GP cases with a history of benzalkonium chloride exposure in the Department of Dermatology at Wuhan No.1 Hospital from April to August 2022. Data were collected on the general condition, skin lesion manifestations, pathological examination, treatment, and follow-up of the patients, and retrospectively analyzed.Results:The 7 adult patients with GP typically presented with erythema and brown scales in the intertriginous area, exhibiting an annular distribution pattern. All the 7 patients reported recent exposure to disinfectants containing benzalkonium chloride. A total of 10 skin biopsies were taken from the 7 patients. Histopathological examination showed characteristic hyperkeratosis and fine blue-gray parakeratotic granules in the stratum corneum. All skin lesions improved 1 month after cessation of exposure to benzalkonium chloride.Conclusion:GP has a distinct clinical pattern and histopathological manifestations, and a history of exposure to benzalkonium chloride can be helpful for the diagnosis of GP.

5.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 229-233, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994466

ABSTRACT

Objective:To retrospectively analyze clinical characteristics and treatment of pemphigus/bullous pemphigoid (BP) complicated by herpes simplex virus (HSV) infection.Methods:Inpatients with pemphigus/BP complicated by HSV infection were collected from Wuhan No.1 Hospital from 2016 to 2021, and their clinical characteristics, treatment and follow-up results were retrospectively analyzed.Results:Among the 8 patients with pemphigus/BP complicated by HSV infection, there were 2 males and 6 females, and their age was 50.6 ± 8.3 years. Five of them were diagnosed with pemphigus vulgaris (PV), 1 with pemphigus foliaceus (PF), and 2 with BP. Seven were infected with HSV-1, and 1 with HSV-2. All the 8 patients were given systemic glucocorticoids and immunosuppressive agents for the treatment of pemphigus or BP, and were admitted to the hospital due to resistance to the treatment. Seven patients presented with exacerbation or recurrence of primary lesions, and 1 presented with enlarged lesions all over the body. HSV infection-induced lesions were located on the trunk in 4 cases, on the oral mucosa in 4, on the scalp in 3, and on the face in 2; lesions mainly manifested as irregular erosions with blood crusts, and some centrally umbilicated pustules; 7 patients had obvious pain at the lesional sites. During HSV infection, anti-desmoglein 1 antibody levels decreased in all the 6 patients with pemphigus, and anti-desmoglein 3 antibody levels decreased in 4 of the 5 patients with pemphigus vulgaris; anti-BP180 antibody levels decreased in 1 patient with BP, but increased in the other one with BP. After antiviral therapy at adequate doses for adequate durations (7- to 14-day treatment with valacyclovir alone or in combination with ganciclovir), HSV infection was controlled, the autoimmune bullous skin disorder intensity scores decreased compared with those before the antiviral therapy, and pain was significantly relieved in all the patients. No dose adjustment of glucocorticoids or other immunosuppressive agents was made during antiviral therapy in all patients.Conclusion:HSV infection should be considered when patients with pemphigus/BP suffer from recurrence or exacerbation and poorly respond to conventional treatment; for patients with pemphigus/BP complicated by HSV infection, systemic antiviral therapy at adequate doses can be used to control the disease condition without modifying the conventional immunosuppressive regimen.

6.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 105-111, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994451

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate clinical and laboratory characteristics of secondary hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (sHLH) associated with secondary cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL) .Methods:CTCL patients with clinically suspected sHLH were collected from Department of Hematology, Wuhan No.1 Hospital from January 2016 to October 2021, and were evaluated according to the HLH-2004 diagnostic criteria and HScore.Results:Seven CTCL patients were confirmedly diagnosed with sHLH, including 2 with primary cutaneous γδT-cell lymphoma (PC-GDTCL) , 3 with cutaneous extranodal natural killer/T-cell lymphoma (C-ENKTCL) , and 2 with primary cutaneous anaplastic large cell lymphoma (PC-ALCL) . All the 7 patients received chemotherapy, but 6 died finally, and the median overall survival duration was 26.5 days (range: 14 - 60 days) after the confirmed diagnosis of CTCL complicated by sHLH. HLH-related gene mutations, which were located in the PRF1 and LYST genes, were identified in 2 patients; lymphoma-related gene mutations were identified in the KRAS and KMT2D genes in 1 PC-GDTCL patient,and in the JAK3 and SAMHD1 genes in another PC-GDTCL patient.Conclusions:CTCL complicated by sHLH usually progresses rapidly, so early diagnosis and treatment are needed. Bone marrow biopsy and mutation screening of lymphoma- and HLH-related genes at initial diagnosis and during disease progression may facilitate early diagnosis.

7.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 198-203, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993073

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of different small monitor unit (MU) beam deletion optimization method in the CyberKnife treatment planning system on the calculated planned dose to brain tumors.Methods:A total of 17 patients with brain metastases treated in our hospital from June, 2021 to February, 2022 were selected for this study. A treatment plan was designed for each patient using the multiPlan system in the CyberKnife VSI system as the group without optimization. To improve the efficiency, the generated original plans should be optimized first by deleting some small MUs, forming an experience group and an optimization group for each patient. For the experience group, beams below 30 MU were deleted according to experience. For the optimization group, beams below the MU value calculated based on the second derivative method were deleted. Finally, the parameters of the two groups were statistically compared. The main evaluation parameters included the node number, the beam number, the total number of MUs, the estimated treatment duration, doses to 2% and 95% planning target volumes (PTV D2 and PTV D95), average dose to PTV ( Dmean), average dose to brain tissue ( Dmean-Brain), conformity index (CI), new conformity index (nCI), gradient index (GI), coverage, and the maximum doses to the brainstem and left and right lens ( Dmax-BS, Dmax-LL, and Dmax-RL), and the average doses to the dose shells 20 mm and 40 mm away from PTV (Shell20 and Shell40). Results:The two optimization method met the requirements for the prescription dose delivery to more than 98% PTV. There were statistical differences in the node number ( H = 7.97, P< 0.05) and estimated treatment duration ( H = 6.60, P < 0.05) among the group without MP optimization, the experience group, and the optimization group, with the estimated treatment duration and node number of the optimization group less than those of the group without MP optimization ( P < 0.05). There were no statistically significant differences in other parameters among the three groups ( P > 0.05). The PTV was moderately positively correlated with the treatment duration ( r=0.79, P < 0.01) and beam number ( r=0.78, P < 0.01) of the experience group, and was also moderately positively correlated with the treatment duration ( r=0.69, P < 0.01) and beam number ( r=0.71, P < 0.01) of the optimization group. Conclusions:For the CyberKnife planning of heads, the small MU beam deletion optimization method based on the second derivative can further shorten the treatment duration while ensuring no significant differences in the distribution of doses to organs at risk and targets. Moreover, this method is more effective in optimizing the plans for a large PTV volume.

8.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1221-1225, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007469

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To compare the efficacy of needle retaining after electroacupuncture combined with cognitive training and electroacupuncture combined with cognitive training in the treatment of post-stroke cognitive impairment (PSCI).@*METHODS@#A total of 206 patients with PSCI were randomized into a needle retaining group (103 cases, 9 cases dropped out) and an electroacupuncture group (103 cases, 6 cases dropped out). In addition to the conventional basic medical treatment and the rehabilitation treatment, in the needle retaining group, electroacupuncture at Shenting (GV 24) and Baihui (GV 20) was applied, with continuous wave of 50 Hz in the first 15 min and with disperse-dense wave of 2 Hz/50 Hz in the last 15 min, the needles were continuously retained for 1 h after electroacupuncture, during which cognitive training was adopted; in the electroacupuncture group, cognitive training was performed after the same electric stimulation exerted for 30 min, without additional needles retaining. The treatment was given once a day, 5 times a week for totally 8 weeks in the two groups. Before and after 8-week treatment, the TCM syndrome score was observed; before and after 4,8-week treatment, the scores of mini-mental state examination (MMSE), Montreal cognitive assessment (MoCA) and ability of daily living were observed in the two groups. The clinical efficacy of the two groups was evaluated after 8-week treatment.@*RESULTS@#After 8-week treatment, the TCM syndrome scores were increased compared with those before treatment in both groups (P<0.05); the TCM syndrome score in the needle retaining group was higher than that in the electroacupuncture group (P<0.05).After 4,8-week treatment, the scores of MMSE, MoCA and ability of daily living were increased compared with those before treatment in both groups (P<0.05); MMSE, MoCA scores after 4,8-week treatment and ability of daily living score after 8-week treatment in the needle retaining group were higher than those in the electroacupuncture group (P<0.05). The total effective rate was 90.4% (85/94) in the needle retaining group, which was superior to 82.5% (80/97) in the electroacupuncture group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Both needle retaining after electroacupuncture combined with cognitive training and electroacupuncture combined with cognitive training can effectively treat PSCI, improve the clinical symptom, cognitive function and ability of daily living in PSCI patients. Needle retaining after electroacupuncture combined with cognitive training has a better therapeutic effect.


Subject(s)
Humans , Electroacupuncture , Acupuncture Therapy , Cognitive Training , Acupuncture Points , Cognitive Dysfunction/therapy , Stroke/complications , Treatment Outcome
9.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 1561-1566, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005143

ABSTRACT

@#Objective     To study the correlation of preoperative hemoglobin amount with venous thromboembolism (VTE) after surgical treatment of bronchiectasis and the clinical significance. Methods     A retrospective study was performed on patients with bronchiectasis who underwent surgical treatment in our center from June 2017 to November 2021. The differences in blood parameters between the VTE patients and non-VTE patients were compared. The relationship between preoperative hemoglobin and VTE was confirmed by quartile grouping and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Results     A total of 122 patients were enrolled, including 50 males and 72 females, with a mean age of 52.52±12.29 years. The overall incidence of VTE after bronchiectasis was 9.02% (11/122). Preoperative hemoglobin amount (OR=0.923, 95%CI 0.870-0.980, P=0.008) and D-dimer amount (OR=1.734, 95%CI 1.087-2.766, P=0.021) were independent influencing factors for VTE after bronchiectasis. The incidence of VTE after bronchiectasis decreased gradually with the increase of preoperative hemoglobin amount. The area under the ROC curve (AUC) of postoperative D-dimer alone was 0.757, whereas the AUC of postoperative D-dimer combined with preoperative hemoglobin amount was 0.878. Conclusion     Low preoperative hemoglobin is an independent risk factor for postoperative VTE. Postoperative D-dimer combined with preoperative hemoglobin amount has a better predictive performance compared with postoperative D-dimer alone for postoperative VTE.

10.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1531-1536, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010004

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the efficacy and safety of chemotherapy combined with venetoclax followed by allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) for the treatment of blastic plasmacytoid dendritic cell neoplasm (BPDCN).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 3 patients with BPDCN undergoing allo-HSCT in Department of Hematology, Wuhan First Hospital from July 2017 to November 2021 were collected and retrospectively analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Among the 3 patients, there were 1 male and 2 females, aged 27-52 years old. Skin lesions were observed during initial diagnosis, and it could also be characterized by acute leukemia. Characteristic molecular markers of tumor cells, such as CD4, CD56, CD123, and CD303 were positive. In addition, the expression detection of Bcl-2 in 3 patients were positive. Chemotherapy combined with venetoclax in the initial induction of chemotherapy (1 case) or disease recurrence and progress (2 cases) was performed. There were 2 cases evaluated as complete remission (CR) and 1 case as partial remission (PR) before allo-HSCT. The patients all received a nonmyeloablative conditioning without total body irradiation (TBI). The prevention programme of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) was antithymocyte globulin + mycophenolate mofetil + cyclosporin A/FK506 ± methotrexate. The number of mononuclear cell (MNC) count was (16.73-18.35)×108/kg, and CD34+ cell count was (3.57-4.65)×106/kg. The 3 patients were evaluated as CR after allo-HSCT (+21 to +28 d), the donor-recipient chimerism rate was 100%, and Ⅲ-Ⅳ GVHD was not observed. One patient died at +50 d after transplantation, two patients were followed up for 28 months and 15 months, respectively, and achieved disease-free survival (DFS).@*CONCLUSIONS@#BPDCN is a highly aggressive malignant tumor with poor prognosis. Chemotherapy combined with venetoclax followed by allo-HSCT may lead to long-term DFS or even cure. Post-transplant maintenance is still unclear.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/adverse effects , Acute Disease , Graft vs Host Disease/prevention & control , Myeloproliferative Disorders , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/pathology , Dendritic Cells
11.
Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology ; (12): 501-508, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981892

ABSTRACT

Objective To clarify the effect and mechanism of tumor antigen-loaded dendritic cells (Ag-DCs) combined with cytokine-induced killers (CIKs) on the killing of esophageal cancer tumor cells. Methods Peripheral blood DCs and CIKs were induced and cultured, and the DCs were loaded with tumor antigen to obtain Ag-DCs, and Ag-DCs were co-cultured with CIKs. The experiment was divided into CIK group, DC combined with CIK group, Ag-DC combined with CIK group. Flow cytometry was used to detect the phenotype of cells. MTT assay was employed to determine the killing activity against EC9706 cells. Annexin V-FITC/PI double staining was used to detect the apoptosis rate of cells, immunofluorescence staining to detect the expression of phosphorylated apoptotic signal-regulated kinase 1 (p-ASK1) and Western blot analysis to detect the expression of ASK1 pathway related proteins. A nude mouse model of esophageal cancer transplantation tumor was constructed and divided into control group, DC combined with CIK group and Ag-DC combined with CIK group. The corresponding immune cells were injected into the tail vein for treatment and the tumor volume was measured every 2 days. After 21 days, all nude mice were sacrificed with the tumors taken out. HE staining was used to observe the tumor pathological changes and immunohistochemical staining was performed to detect the expression of ki67 and ASK1 in the tumor tissue. Results Comparedwith the CIK group alone and the DC combined with CIK group, the ratio of CD3+ CD8+ and CD3+ CD56+ in the cells significantly increased after Ag-DCs and CIKs co-culture, along with the increased killing rate of EC9706 cells, increased apoptosis rate of EC9706 cells, and the improved activation level of ASK1. Compared with the CIK group and the DC combined with CIK group, the growth of the transplanted tumor in nude mice treated with Ag-DCs combined with CIKs was significantly inhibited, and after 21 days, it was observed that the tumor tissue mass in this group was relatively smaller, with sparsely arranged cells in the tumor tissue and a decline in the positive rate of ki67 in tumor tissue, while the positive rate of ASK1 was significantly increased. Conclusion Co-cultivation of tumor antigen-loaded DCs with CIKs can significantly increase the killing activity of esophageal cancer tumor cells. The mechanism of action may be related to the activation of the ASK1 pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Mice , Antigens, Neoplasm , Cytokine-Induced Killer Cells , Cytokines/metabolism , Cytotoxicity, Immunologic , Dendritic Cells , Esophageal Neoplasms/therapy , Ki-67 Antigen , Mice, Nude
12.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 299-304, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-979480

ABSTRACT

@#The number of investigator initiated research (IIR) is increasing. But the recognition and management of IIR in China is still in its infancy, and there is a lack of specific and operable guidance for the implementation process. Based on our practical experiences, previous literature reports, and current policy regulations, the authors took prospective IIR as an example to summarize the implementation process of IIR into 14 steps, which are as the following: study initiation, ethical review, study registration, study filing, case report form design, database establishment, standard operating procedure making, investigator training, informed consent, data collection, data entry, data verification, data locking and data archiving.

13.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 1187-1191, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994088

ABSTRACT

Objective:To construct the prediction model for the prolonged length of postoperative hospital stay in the patients undergoing thoracoscopic lobectomy.Methods:The patients of both sexes, aged ≥18 yr, of American Society of Anesthesiologists Physical Status classification Ⅰ-Ⅲ, who received elective thoracoscopic lobectomy with general anesthesia from March 2016 to February 2019 in our hospital, were selected, their clinical data were collected, and the patients were pathologically diagnosed with non-small-cell lung cancer after operation.Basic information (sex, age, smoking history), previous history (dyslipidemia, hypertension, diabetes, cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, peripheral vascular diseases, chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases), allergy history, other tumor history, surgical resection site, anesthetic factors (intraoperative use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and glucocorticoids, duration of anesthesia, intraoperative epidural anesthesia + postoperative epidural analgesia) and postoperative complications (pleural effusion, pneumothorax, atelectasis) was collected.The patients were divided into 2 groups according to whether the length of postoperative hospital stay was prolonged: normal group (≤ 7 days) and prolonged group (>7 days).Logistic regression analysis was used to identify the predictors for prolonged length of postoperative hospital stay.The regression model for prediction of prolonged length of postoperative hospital stay was constructed based on the TensorFlow deep learning framework, and the efficacy of prediction was evaluated.A deep neural network was further established based on the TensorFlow framework to construct a classification prediction model for prolonged length of postoperative hospital stay, and the efficacy of prediction was assessed, further comparing it with the prediction model constructed by the traditional machine learning method.Results:A total of 428 patients were finally enrolled in the study.The results of multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that age and anesthesia duration were the risk factors for the prolonged length of postoperative hospital stay, and female, other tumor history and resection of right middle lobe were the protective factors ( P<0.05).The performance of the regression model proved ineffective, getting 2.16 mean absolute error and 11.05 mean square error on the training set, 2.14 mean absolute error and 11.73 mean square error on the test set.The classification model achieved better score with accuracy 75.58%, F1-measure 0.553 and area under the receiver operating characteristic curve 0.702 on the test set, however, it showed no better performance than that of 4 other prediction models established by 4 traditional machine learning methods, specifically Logistic Regression, Random Forest, Gradient Boosting and Support Vector Machine. Conclusions:Sex, age, surgical resection site, other tumor history and duration of anesthesia can serve as the predictors, and a classification prediction model for prolonged length of postoperative hospital stay is constructed based on a deep neural network in the patients undergoing thoracoscopic lobectomy.

14.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 30-35, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912988

ABSTRACT

@#Objective     To investigate the surgical procedure selection, operation technique and safety of anatomic sublobar resection for pulmonary nodules. Methods     The clinical data of 242 patients with clinical stage ⅠA lung cancer who underwent anatomic sublobar resection in our hospital between 2017 and 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 81 males and 161 females with a median age of 57.0 (50.0, 65.0) years. They were divided into 4 groups according to the surgical methods, including a segmentectomy group (n=148), a combined segmentectomy group (n=31), an enlarged segmentectomy group (n=43) and an anatomic wedge resection group (n=20). The preoperative CT data, operation related indexes and early postoperative outcomes of each group were summarized. Results     The median medical history of the patients was 4.0 months. The median maximum diameter of nodule on CT image was 1.1 cm, and the consolidation/tumor ratio (CTR) was ≤0.25 in 81.0% of the patients. A total of 240 patients were primary lung adenocarcinoma. The median operation time was 130.0 min, the median blood loss was 50.0 mL, the median chest drainage time was 3.0 d, and the hospitalization cost was (53.0±12.0) thousand yuan. The operation time of combined segmentectomy was longer than that of the segmentectomy group (P=0.001). The operation time (P=0.000), intraoperative blood loss (P=0.000), lymph nodes dissected (P=0.007) and cost of hospitalization (P=0.000) in the anatomic wedge resection group were shorter or less than those in the other three groups. There was no significant difference in the drainage time, total drainage volume, air leakage or postoperative hospital stay among the four groups (P>0.05). Conclusion     The combined application of segmentectomy and wedge resection technique provides a more flexible surgical option for the surgical treatment of early lung cancer with ground glass opacity as the main component.

15.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 385-389, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912291

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the safety and efficacy of anatomic combined pulmonary segmental resection in patients with bronchiectasis.Methods:This study reviewed the data of patients who underwent thoracoscopic combined pulmonary segmentectomy for bronchiectasis in our hospital from January 2015 to June 2019.The surgical indications were a patient diagnosed with bronchiectasis by high-resolution CT(HRCT), radiographic presence of surgical target, clinical symptoms such as repeated infection, hemoptysis or persistent sputum, and poor relief of symptoms under medical treatment.A total of 113 patients with complete data were divided into two groups according to surgical methods: anatomical combined pulmonary segemectomy(anatomical group, 62 cases) and non-anatomical combined pulmonary segemectomy(non-anatomical group, 51 cases). Detection of two groups of patients with general information as well as the operation time, intraoperative blood loss and extubation time, postoperative complications(BPF, continuous leakage, hemoptysis and pulmonary infection, etc.), such as index to evaluate the safety, postoperative 1 year follow-up review, record the change of the two groups of postoperative lung function 1 year, pulmonary infection and the times of reentry haemoptysis symptom control, evaluation of operation effect.Results:The results showed that there were no statistical differences between the two groups in age, gender, lesion range, resection range and postoperative lung function(including FEV1% change in the predicted value and DLCO% change in the predicted value). However, the operative time in the two groups was(116.9±29.7)min in the dissection group, the non-anatomical group(107.3±28.6)min, comparison was made between the two groups( P=0.003). The number of days after thoracic drainage extraction in the anatomical group(5.6±3.8)days, non-anatomical group(6.9±5.0)days, there was a statistical difference between the two groups( P=0.03). In terms of postoperative complications, the number of patients admitted to hospital more than 2 times for postoperative hemoptysis, bronchopleural fistula and pulmonary infection within 1 year in the non-anatomical group was higher than that in the anatomical group, but there was no statistical difference. Conclusion:For patients with bronchiectasis requiring surgical treatment, thoracoscopic dissection combined with pulmonary segmental resection is safe and conducive to recovery, and has less complications, which is worthy of promotion.

16.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 774-778, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911615

ABSTRACT

Objective:To identify the clinical significance of CDK5 in colon cancer tissues.Methods:Two hundred colon cancer tissues were tested for CDK5 expression by immunohistochemistry on tissue microarrays. The correlation between CDK5 expression and clinicopathological features, prognosis and peripheral inflammation-related cells was analyzed.Results:CDK5 was low expressed in 100 cases (50.0%), and high in another 100 cases (50.0%). Longer time to tumor progression ( P=0.026) and overall survival ( P=0.035) were observed in patients with high CDK5 expression. By multivariate analysis , the expression of CDK5 was an independent risk factor for poor prognosis ( HR=0.45,95% CI: 0.21-0.99, P=0.049). The expression of CDK5 was not related to the counts of white blood cells and neutrophils ( P>0.05). Prognosis of patients with a positive lymph node ratio less than 0.15 was significantly better than that of patients with a higher lymph node ratio ( P<0.001). Conclusions:Patients with low CDK5 expression have poor prognosis, and CDK5 expression is not related to the counts of peripheral white blood cells and neutrophils.

17.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 739-743, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911435

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlation between collateral flow compensation mode and interventional treatment decision in patients with severe bilateral internal carotid artery stenosis/occlusion.Methods:According to the location of internal carotid artery lesions, patients with severe stenosis/occlusion of bilateral internal carotid artery were selected at the Second Affiliated Hospital, Qiqihar Medical University and the Sixth Medical Center of PLA General Hospital from May 2017 to June 2020.Results:A total of 42 patients were finally enrolled and divided into 4 types, including 34 males and 8 females with median age 61±8(48-82)years. The collateral circulation pathways manifested as following modes: anterior communicating artery collateral, posterior communicating artery collateral, ophthalmic artery collateral, posterior cerebral middle cerebral artery pial anastomosis collateral, posterior choroidal artery anterior choroidal artery collateral, external carotid internal carotid artery C4 segment collateral, pericallosal artery anastomosis collateral, dural and pial collateral and neovascularization. Type Ⅰ severe stenosis/occlusion of C1 segment was found in 20 cases (47.6%). There were 5 cases (11.9%) of type Ⅱ severe stenosis/occlusion from C2 to C6 prior to ophthalmic artery branch. Type Ⅲ severe stenosis/occlusion occurred in 2 cases (4.8%) after the split of ophthalmic artery. Type Ⅳ was mixed type in 15 cases (35.7%).Conclusions:The compensatory pathway of collateral circulation is closely related to the lesion location. To explore the compensatory pattern of collateral circulation is helpful for clinicians to accurately analyze the lesion characteristics and guide individualized interventional therapy.

18.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 1318-1322, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909212

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of chest pain center construction in basic-level hospitals on treatment time and short-term prognosis in patients with acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction.Methods:A total of 162 patients with acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction who received percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in The First People's Hospital of Jiande between November 2014 and November 2018 were included in this study. Among them, 66 patients who received treatment in The First People's Hospital of Jiande between November 2014 and October 2016 were included in the control group. The remaining 96 patients who received treatment between November 2016 and November 2018 were included in the study group. The underlying diseases, PCI success rate, first medical contact-to-balloon time, door-to-balloon time, in-hospital mortality, incidence of heart failure on the next day of PCI, length of hospital stay, hospital medical cost were retrospectively analyzed.Results:There were no significant differences in underlying disease composition ratio and PCI success rate between the two groups (both P > 0.05). There were significant differences in first medical contact-to-balloon time [(185.2 ± 53.7) minutes vs. (108.6 ± 46.4) minutes, t = 6.128], door-to-balloon time [(121.5 ± 23.2) minutes vs. (68.7 ± 14.3) minutes, t = 7.341], length of hospital stay [(10.3 ± 3.5) days vs. (7.2 ± 2.8) days, t = 5.128], hospital medical cost [(43 582.0 ± 7 186.5) yuan vs. (35 479.0 ± 4 213.1) yuan, t = 8.361], in-hospital mortality [6.1% vs. 3.1%, χ2 = 4.784], the incidence of heart failure on the next day of PCI [13.6% vs. 4.2%, χ2 = 8.253] between the control and study groups (all P < 0.05). Conclusion:Establishment of a standardized chest pain center construction in basic-level hospital can greatly shorten the first medical contact-to-balloon time, door-to-balloon time and length of hospital stay, improve the cardiac function and prognosis of patients with myocardial infarction, and reduce medical cost.

19.
International Journal of Pediatrics ; (6): 410-413, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907249

ABSTRACT

Neonatal critical illness score is a scoring system that assesses the severity of neonatal disease and predicts the risk of death.However, it also has an important reference value for the evaluation of neurological prognosis.Since various neonatal critical scores have different assessment contents, the evaluation performance of neurological prognosis is also different.Score for neonatal acute physiology, score for neonatal acute physiology, version-Ⅱ, score for neonatal acute physiology, perinatal extension, version-Ⅱ, nursery neurobiological risk score, et al, have good predictive value for long-term neurological prognosis.The predictive value of clinical risk index for babies, clinical risk index for babies and version-Ⅱ remains unproven.This article reviews the correlation between neonatal critical illness score and the neurological prognosis of very low birth weight infants(VLBWI), in order to provide references for the early identification and prognositic judgement of VLBWI nerve damage.

20.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 50-57, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906299

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of total glucosides of paeony (TGPs) on intestinal motility, barrier function, and gut microbiota in non-obese diabetic (NOD) mice with Sjogren's syndrome (SS). Method:Thirty NOD mice were randomly assigned into the model group (deionized water), prebiotic fructo-oligosaccharide (FOS) group (700 mg∙kg<sup>-1</sup>), and the low- (160 mg∙kg<sup>-1</sup>), medium- (320 mg∙kg<sup>-1</sup>), and high-dose (640 mg∙kg<sup>-1</sup>) TGP groups, with six mice in each group. Moreover, the BALB/c mice were employed as the normal control and administered with deionized water. The food and water intakes, number of discharged fecal particles, and fecal moisture content were observed to evaluate the effect of TGPs on intestinal motility in SS mice. The levels of <italic>D</italic>-lactate (<italic>D</italic>-Lac) content, diamine oxidase (DAO), and junction-associated protein zonula occludens-1 (ZO-1) in mouse serum were detected by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The fecal samples collected at different time points were determined by spread plate method and gas chromatography for uncovering the intestinal microbial communities and the content of short-chain fatty acids. Result:Compared with the normal group, the model group exhibited decreased food and water intakes (<italic>P</italic><0.01), weakened intestinal propulsion (<italic>P</italic><0.01), elevated <italic>D</italic>-Lac and DAO (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01), lowered ZO-1 and SCFAs (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01), and reduced number of intestinal bacteria (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The comparison with the model group revealed that TGPs significantly increased the number of discharged fecal particles and fecal moisture content (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01), enhanced intestinal propulsion (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01), decreased serum <italic>D</italic>-Lac and DAO levels (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01), and up-regulated ZO-1 expression (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Apart from increasing the proportions of <italic>Bifidobacterium</italic> and <italic>Lactobacillus</italic> and decreasing the proportion of<italic> Enterobacter </italic>in intestinal flora (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01), TGPs also accelerated the production of acetic acid and butyric acid (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01). Conclusion:TGPs attenuate SS-mediated constipation and restore the impaired intestinal barrier function in mice by increasing fecal moisture content, boosting intestinal motility, regulating intestinal microbial communities, elevating acetic acid and butyric acid levels, and up-regulating tight junction protein expression.

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