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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862723

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the basic characteristics and variation trend of death causes of permanent residents in Enshi City during 2013-2018, to assess the burden of different diseases, and to provide a scientific basis for formulating disease prevention and control strategies. Methods The death monitoring data of permanent residents in Enshi City, Hubei Province from 2013 to 2018 was collected. The crude mortality, standardized mortality, life expectancy, potential years of life loss (PYLL), standard potential years of life loss (SPYLL), average years of life lost (AYLL), and annual percentage change (APC) were calculated to describe the distribution and trend of death causes. Results The average annual crude death rate and standardized death rate of residents in Enshi City from 2013 to 2018 were 679.43 per 100 000 and 615.02 per 100 000, respectively. The top 5 causes of death were circulatory system diseases, respiratory system diseases, malignant tumors, injuries, and digestive system diseases, accounting for 91.2% of the total deaths. Analysis of life expectancy found that the average life expectancy of local residents from 2013 to 2018 was 78.02 years, and the value in the male group (75.57 years) was lower than that in the female group (80.78 years). Life loss analysis revealed that PYLL caused by various diseases was 171 620 person-years, SPYLL was 171 284.62 person-years, and AYLL was 15.03 years/person in Enshi City from 2013 to 2018. Among all the death causes, the top five in terms of life loss were injuries, malignant tumors, circulatory diseases, respiratory diseases and digestive diseases. Conclusion From 2013 to 2018, the death rate of residents in Enshi City was relatively higher compared with those in other cities in China, the average annual crude death rate was on the rise, and the average annual standardized death rate was on the decline, indicating a highly ageing region. Chronic diseases such as circulatory system diseases, malignant tumors, and respiratory diseases, as well as injuries were the main death causes and caused a heavy burden of diseases, which should be the focus of future prevention and control work. Considering the higher levels of death and life loss indicators of male residents than those of women, targeted prevention and control measures should be taken to narrow the gap between men and women and improve the overall life quality of the whole population.

2.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 48-54, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885394

ABSTRACT

In recent years, a growing number of studies have shown that non-coding RNA plays an important role in the pathogenesis and development of epilepsy, and is involved in neuroinflammation, cell apoptosis, synaptic remodeling and cell differentiation in epilepsy. This review focused on the recent research progress in the relationship between microRNA, long-nocoding RNA and circular RNA with epilepsy.

3.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 677-686, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884760

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the application value of superb microvascular imagingin monitoring angiogenesis in the treatment of chronic ischemic diseases of lower limbs by tibial transverse transport.Methods:From May 2019 to December 2020, 12 patients with ischemic diseases of lower limbs who received tibial transverse transport therapy were retrospectively analyzed, including 7 male patients and 5 female patients, aged 30-86 years, with an average age of 64.0±16.6 years. Among them, there were 10 patients with diabetic foot, with a disease course of 5-30 years (mean 14.4±8.3 years), and 2 patients with arteriosclerosis obliterans. The results of lower extremity superb microvascular imaging before and after treatment were recorded and compared.Results:After treatment, 12 patients were found to have obvious new vessels around the artery of lower extremity, the number of vessels 1-8, the average number of 3.25±2.73. We found that a total of 12 patients 20 inherent lower limb artery collateral established, collateral circulation was found around 12 dorsal metatarsal artery (DMA) in 11 patients, around 3 dorsal pedis artery (DPA) in 2 patients, around 3 anterior tibial artery (ATA) in 2 patients, and around 1 posterior tibial artery (PTA) in 2 patients. The lateral branches were established in ipsilateral lower limbs in 6 patients, contralateral lower limbs in 2 patients, and bilateral lower limbs in 4 patients.Conclusion:The phenomenon of angiogenesis is obvious in the clinical application of tibial transverse transport. Superb microvascular imaging can effectively reflect the degree of promoting the establishment of collateral circulation by tibial transverse transport.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884532

ABSTRACT

Objective:To characterize the imaging distortion of the 1.5T magnetic resonance imaging-guided linear accelerator (MR-Linac) and to analyze the influence of MR-Linac and peripheral devices on the geometric distortion.Methods:Specialized MRI imaging distortion phantom and analysis software were applied. The baseline of imaging distortion within diameter spherical volume (DSV) around the center of the magnet was established. The influence of the beam generation system, mechanical system and peripheral devices on the imaging distortion was analyzed. The long-term stability of imaging distortion was tested on the MR-Linac.Results:Imaging distortion of the MR-Linac was increased with the increasing distance to the center of the magnet. Within DSV 400 mm, few test points surpassed 1 mm imaging distortion in 3D directions. However, imaging distortion surpassed 2 mm in part of region within DSV 400-500 mm, with the largest distortion over 7 mm. Imaging distortion of the MR-Linac remained unchanged within 7 months after installation. And the influence of the MR-Linac and peripheral devices on the imaging distortion was only observed in the overall largest distortion within DSV 400-500 mm.Conclusions:Cautions should be taken during the application of high-field MR-Linac in patients whose tumor location is over 20 cm from the ISO center. Imaging distortion of the MR-Linac remains stable within 7 months after installation. The influence of the MR-Linac and peripheral devices on the imaging distortion is trivial, which can be neglected in clinical practice.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884530

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical feasibility of the Unity radiotherapy system guided by magnetic resonance imaging.Methods:Twenty-four patients were enrolled and received a total of 384 fractions of treatment at Unity system. According to the treatment site, all patients were divided into head-neck, abdomen-thorax, pelvic, spine and limb groups. The patients were set-up without external laser. And then, the time required at different stages in online treatment process and the registration error of each fraction were separately calculated. The geometric deformations of MR images were weekly measured by using MR geometric deformation phantom. At last, the Arccheck was used to perform the dose verification of reference plan, online plan and offline plan.Results:The mean duration of radiotherapy in the five groups were 29.1, 27.6, 26.6, 25.6 and 32.0 min, respectively. The set-up errors in the left-right, superior-inferior and anterior-posterior direction in the five groups were: head-neck group (0.08±0.06 cm, 0.16±0.13 cm, 0.08±0.05 cm), abdomen-thorax group (0.23±0.18 cm, 0.50±0.47 cm, 0.12±0.1 cm), pelvic group (0.25±0.19 cm, 0.32±0.25 cm, 0.11±0.09 cm), spine group (0.46±0.38 cm, 0.26±0.26 cm, 0.13±0.07 cm) and limb group (0.33±0.30 cm, 0.34±0.23 cm, 0.08±0.06 cm), respectively. In the central region, the geometric deformation of MR was less than 0.3 mm, and that of the sphere with a diameter of 500 mm was less than 2.1 mm. The meanγ pass rate of the reference plan, online plan and offline plan were 97.92%, 97.84% and 94.58%, respectively.Conclusions:MR-guided radiotherapy has great potential for clinical application, whereas the process of Unity system is relatively complex. The synergy of different departments has a great impact on the treatment, which needs further optimization.

6.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 34-39, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884411

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value of the logistic regression model with three-dimensional CT quantitative parameters in combination with qualitative parameters in predicting the invasiveness of pure ground glass nodules (pGGN).Methods:The clinical data and image features of 191 patients (196 lesions) with pGGN on CT confirmed as lung adenocarcinoma by pathology from April 2019 to December 2019 in Anhui Chest Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. Totally, 196 lesions were divided into atypical adenomatous hyperplasia (AAH)+adenocarcinoma in situ (AIS)+minimally invasive adenocarcinoma (MIA) group ( n=128) and invasive adenocarcinoma (IAC) group ( n=68). CT quantitative parameters included the maximum diameter, volume, average CT value and quality of pGGN, and the qualitative parameters included the intrinsic vascular changes, abnormal air-bronchogram, lobulated signs, bubble-like sign, pleura-traction sign, and fuzzy tumor-lung interface sign. The Mann-Whitney U test was used to compare the quantitative parameters and the Pearson χ 2 test was used to compare the qualitative parameters between two groups. The independent predictors of IAC and predictive probability value were screened by univariate analysis in combination with multivariate logistic regression analysis. The ROC curves were drawn to compare the diagnostic probability of logistic regression prediction probability and each single parameter. Results:There were statistically significant differences in maximum diameter [0.92(0.77,1.14) cm vs. 1.41(1.12, 1.93) cm, Z=-7.366, P<0.001], volume[0.31(0.20, 0.53) cm 3 vs. 0.88(0.41, 2.00) cm 3, Z=-6.254, P<0.001], average CT value[-571.5(-637.2, -477.0) HU vs. -418.1(-532.4, -338.5) HU, Z=-5.882, P<0.001], quality[0.14(0.09, 0.25) g vs. 0.42(0.26, 1.21) g, Z=-7.438, P<0.001], intrinsic vascular changes(23 vs. 49, χ2=55.906, P<0.001), abnormal air-bronchogram(13 vs. 30, χ2=29.908, P<0.001) and pleura-traction sign(39 vs. 32, χ2=5.291, P=0.021) between the two groups. The logistic regression analysis showed that the maximum diameter, average CT value, intrinsic vascular changes and abnormal air-bronchogram were the independent risk factors of IAC, and the odds ratio value(95%CI) were 10.624(1.275-88.522), 1.004(1.000-1.008), 3.424(1.458-8.043) and 2.993(1.114-8.043), respectively. The ROC curve demonstrated that the area under the curve, sensitivity and specificity of the logistic regression model were 0.899, 0.912, and 0.711 respectively, which were better than separate analysis results from each single parameter. Conclusion:The logistic regression model with a combination of three-dimensional CT quantitative and qualitative parameters can predict the invasiveness of pGGN better.

7.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 256-263, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884173

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of coronary injection of recombinant human prourokinase (rhPro-UK) during PCI for ST-segment elevation acute myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients.Methods:A total of 124 STEMI patients treated in Tangshan Gongren Hospital, Hebei Province from November 2018 to November 2019 were selected as the research objects.They were simply randomized by random number table method into the observation group(63 cases) and the control group(61 cases). Thrombus aspiration was used.The control group was treated with 25 μg/kg tirofiban, and the observation group was injected with 20 mg rhPro-UK into the coronary arteries.After that, both groups underwent emergency PCI treatment.The bleeding degree, myocardial microcirculation indexes, plasma fibrinolytic factor changes, vascular recanalization, ST segment fall of electrocardiogram and changes in left ventricular end diastolic diameter (LVEDD), left ventricular end systolic diameter (LVESD), left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), cardiac index (CI) were recorded.Results:The peak value of creatine kinase isoenzymes MB (CK-MB) (184.64±21.47) U/L and the peak time of CK-MB (14.32±2.02) h in the observation group were significantly lower than those in the control group((258.94±31.64) U/L, (16.58±2.09) h), the differences were statistically significant ( t=15.345 and 6.123, all P<0.001). After treatment, human tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) (0.85±0.28) kU/L in the observation group was significantly higher than that in the control group (0.74±0.24) kU/L, human plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI-1) (0.16±0.05) kU/L.compared with the control group (0.32±0.08) kU/L significantly decreased ( t=2.345, P=0.021; t=13.401, P<0.001); 77.78% (49/63) of the ST-segment complete fall in observation group was significantly higher than 54.10% (33/61) of the control group ( Z=7.758; P=0.005), and 4.76% (3/63) in the observation group without a fall in ST segment was significantly lower than 19.67% (12/61) of the control group ( Z=6.480; P=0.011). The LVEDD at 7 days, 14 days and the LVESD at 7 days and 14 days in the observation group were (49.37±3.14) mm, (48.34±3.03) mm, (33.19±2.23) mm and (32.05±2.23) mm respectively, which were significantly lower than those in the control group at 7 days, (50.64±3.03) mm, (49.66±2.83) mm, (34.86±1.73) mm and 14 days, (33.74±1.97) mm respectively ( P<0.05 or P<0.001). The LVEF of 7 days and 14 days after treatment were (56.32±4.97)% and (59.23±5.11)%, which were significantly higher than those of the control group (54.46±4.87)% and (57.18±4.33)% ( P<0.05 or P<0.001). CI at 7 days and 14 days after treatment were (3.65±0.22) L/ (min·m 2) and (3.76±0.21) L/(min·m 2), which were significantly higher than those of the control group (3.48±0.25) L/(min·m 2) and (3.56±0.24) L/(min·m 2)( P<0.05 or P<0.001). Conclusion:STEMI patients treated by intraoperative coronary injection of Rhpro-UK versus tirofeban, can further improve the total bleeding rate and the vascular recanalculation rate, and also significantly improve plasma fibrinolysis factor, myocardial microcirculation and cardiac function.This provides an alternative to the treatment of myocardial infarction in patients with STEMI.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882524

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the predictive value of tumor regression rate after induction chemotherapy for survival of patients with locally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma.Methods:A total of 161 patients with stage Ⅲ-ⅣA nasopharyngeal carcinoma newly diagnosed at the Daping Hospital of Army Medical University from January 2009 to December 2012 were selected as the research subjects. The relationships between tumor size changes before and after induction chemotherapy and survival time were analyzed. Kaplan-Meier method was used to draw the survival curve accompanied with log-rank test. Cox regression analysis was used to analyze the risk factors affecting the prognosis of patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma.Results:There were statistically significant differences in the tumor regression rate of primary lesions between N 1and N 2-3( Z=2.177, P=0.029), T 1-2and T 3-4( Z=-4.501, P<0.001)patients after induction chemotherapy. In N 1stage patients, the 5-year overall survival (OS) rates of patients with primary lesions achieving objective response ( n=18) and those without objective response ( n=19) after induction chemotherapy were 88.89% and 57.45%, and patients with cervical lymph node metastatic lesions achieving objective response ( n=19) and those without objective response ( n=18) were 86.72% and 49.10% respectively, with statistically significant differences ( χ2=6.023, P=0.014; χ2=7.441, P=0.006). In N 2-3stage patients, the 5-year OS rates of patients with primary lesions achieving objective response ( n=81) and those without objective response ( n=43) after induction chemotherapy were 77.56% and 50.70%, and patients with cervical lymph node metastatic lesions achieving objective response ( n=85) and those without objective response ( n=39) were 75.11% and 52.04% respectively, with significant differences ( χ2=8.037, P=0.005; χ2=7.268, P=0.007). Univariate Cox regression analysis showed that in patients with stage N 1, the tumor regression rate of primary lesions ( HR=0.048, 95% CI: 0.004-0.644, P=0.022), the efficacy of primary lesions ( HR=0.174, 95% CI: 0.037-0.830, P=0.028), the efficacy of cervical lymph node metastatic lesions ( HR=0.154, 95% CI: 0.033-0.725, P=0.017) after induction chemotherapy were significantly associated with OS; in N 2-3stage patients, the tumor regression rate of primary lesions ( HR=0.178, 95% CI: 0.056-0.564, P=0.003), the tumor regression rate of cervical lymph node metastatic lesions ( HR=0.081, 95% CI: 0.020-0.324, P<0.001), the efficacy of primary lesions ( HR=0.422, 95% CI: 0.228-0.781, P=0.006), the efficacy of cervical lymph node metastatic lesions ( HR=0.439, 95% CI: 0.238-0.813, P=0.009) after induction chemotherapy were significantly associated with OS. In multivariate Cox regression including N stage and tumor regression rate, N stage and efficacy, the interaction items were not statistically significant (all P>0.05). In T 1-2stage patients, the 5-year OS rates of patients with primary lesions achieving objective response ( n=45) and those without objective response ( n=13) after induction chemotherapy were 77.55% and 84.62%, and patients with cervical lymph node metastatic lesions achieving objective response ( n=43) and those without objective response ( n=15) were 78.89% and 80.00% respectively, with no significant differences ( χ2=0.239, P=0.625; χ2=0.005, P=0.943); in T 3-4stage patients, the 5-year OS rates of patients with primary lesions achieving objective response ( n=54) and those without objective response ( n=49) after induction chemotherapy were 78.90% and 45.00%, and patients with cervical lymph node metastatic lesions achieving objective response ( n=61) and those without objective response ( n=42) were 75.10% and 42.89% respectively, with significant differences ( χ2=13.615, P<0.001; χ2=12.752, P<0.001). Univariate Cox regression analysis showed that in patients with stage T 1-2, the tumor regression rate, the efficacy of primary lesions and cervical lymph node metastatic lesions after induction chemotherapy were not related to OS (all P>0.05); in T 3-4stage patients, the tumor regression rate of primary lesions ( HR=0.121, 95% CI: 0.033-0.444, P=0.001), the tumor regression rate of cervical lymph node metastatic lesions ( HR=0.126, 95% CI: 0.036-0.442, P=0.001), the efficacy of primary lesions ( HR=0.297, 95% CI: 0.150-0.588, P<0.001), the efficacy of cervical lymph node metastatic lesions ( HR=0.329, 95% CI: 0.173-0.625, P=0.001) after induction chemotherapy were significantly associated with OS. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that the interaction test of T stage and the efficacy of primary lesion trended to be statistically significant ( P=0.062). Conclusion:In patients with stage Ⅲ-ⅣA nasopharyngeal carcinoma, the responsiveness to induction chemotherapy in stage T 3-4patients has important value in predicting survival prognosis.

9.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 73-76, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881973

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To study the prevalence and influencing factors of metabolic syndrome(MS) in male occupational population in the mineral industry. METHODS: A total of 2 654 male employees in the mining area of a mining group in Xingtai City were selected as the study subjects using the convenient sampling method. The general demographic data, behavior and lifestyle, work status, and biochemical examination results of the study subjects were collected, and the influencing factors of MS were analyzed by multi-factor logistic regression. RESULTS: The detection rate of MS was 16.0%(425/2 654) in these 2 654 male workers. The detection rate of MS increased with age and length of service(all P<0.05). The detection rate of MS in male workers with hypertension, high blood sugar, central obesity, high triglyceride and low high-density lipoprotein was higher than that in control workers(all P<0.01). The results of multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that age, work shifts, salt intake, dietary habit, alcohol drinking, sleep time, physical exercise, and body mass index were all influencing factors for MS(all P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Male workers have a high incidence of MS. Older age, shift work, high-salt diet, meat-based diet, alcohol drinking, severely insufficient sleep time, and overweight/obesity increase the risk of MS in male workers.

10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881051

ABSTRACT

Huatan Jiangzhuo decoction (HJD) is a combination of six traditional Chinese medicines that were used for lipid metabolism-related disorders, but its efficacy and underlying mechanisms have not been explored by modern research strategies. This study aimed to investigate the therapeutic role of HJD in determining the transcriptome level. Hyperlipidemia model was established by feeding Sprague-Dawley rats with high-fat diet. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were detected by high-through transcriptome sequencing, followed by gene ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) analysis. The total cholesterol (TC) and triglyceride (TG) levels in hyperlipidemia model rats were significantly increased, whereas high-density lipoprotein (HDL) concentration decreased when compared to normal rats, and HJD significantly downregulated TC concentrations and liver coefficient in the hyperlipidemia rats. Histology staining showed that HDJ greatly recovered the lipid accumulation in rat hepatic stellate cells and aortic arch vascular wall thickness of hyperlipidemia rats. One thousand nine hundred and thirty-six DEGs were identified in the HJD-treated hyperlipidemia rats, which were associated with various biological processes and signaling pathways such as peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors, AMP-activated Protein Kinase , and insulin signaling pathways. Quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction further confirmed the downregulated expression of cholesterol 7-α-hydroxylase(CYP7A1), liver orphan receptor(LXRα),peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma(PPARγ),andSterol Response Element-Binding Protein 1c(SREBP1c) genes in hyperlipidemia rats treated with HJD. Our data first elucidated the gene expression profile of high-fat diet-induced hyperlipidemia in rats after HJD treatment, and lipid metabolism-related genes (CYP7A1, LXRα, PPARγ, and SREBP1c) may be potentially biomarkers for HJD-alleviated hyperlipidemia.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879391

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate relationship between cold pain of knee joint and subchondral bone marrow edema (BME).@*METHODS@#From May 2018 to August 2019, 92 patients with knee osteoarthritis (KOA) associated with cold pain of knee were admitted, all patients were underwent MRI examination. The patients were divided into observation group (47 patients with BME) and control group(45 patients without BME). In observation group, there were 6 males and 41 females aged from 36 to 87 years old with an average of (63.2±12.3) years old. In control group, there were 10 males and 35 females, aged from 48 to 84 years old with an average of (62.7±8.3) years old. All patientswere treated with drugs. The degree of joint degeneration was evaluated by Kellgren-Lawrence (K-L) grading. Degree of cold pain of knee was evaluated by knee cold pain score, and degree of BME was evaluated according to WORMS. The correlation between cold pain of knee and K-L grading and BME was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Score of cold pain in observation group (15.55±7.68) was higher than that of control group (9.42± 5.50), which had significant difference (@*CONCLUSION@#The cold pain of KOA patients is not related to K-L grading, but corelate with BME grading. The Cold pain of knee was more pronounced in KOA patients with BME, and the severity of BME is often related to degree of cold pain. It seemed to be a tendency:the more serious BME, the heavier coldpain.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Bone Marrow , Edema , Female , Humans , Knee Joint/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Middle Aged , Osteoarthritis, Knee/diagnostic imaging , Pain/etiology
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878543

ABSTRACT

Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is an important organelle where folding and post-translational modification of secretory and transmembrane proteins take place. During virus infection, cellular or viral unfolded and misfolded proteins accumulate in the ER in an event called ER stress. To maintain the equilibrium homeostasis of the ER, signal-transduction pathways, known as unfolded protein response (UPR), are activated. The viruses in turn manipulate UPR to maintain an environment favorable for virus survival and replication. Herpesviruses are enveloped DNA viruses that produce over 70 viral proteins. Modification and maturation of large quantities of viral glycosylated envelope proteins during virus replication may induce ER stress, while ER stress play both positive and negative roles in virus infection. Here we summarize the research progress of crosstalk between herpesvirus infection and the virus-induced ER stress.


Subject(s)
Endoplasmic Reticulum/metabolism , Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress , Herpesviridae , Signal Transduction , Unfolded Protein Response
13.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1441-1449, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878189

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Andersson lesions (ALs) are not uncommon in ankylosing spondylitis (AS). Plain radiography (PR) is widely used for the diagnosis of ALs. However, in our practice, there were some ALs in AS patients that could not be detected on plain radiographs. This study aimed to propose the concept of occult ALs and evaluate the prevalence and radiographic characteristics of the occult ALs in AS patients.@*METHODS@#A total of 496 consecutive AS patients were admitted in the Affiliated Drum Tower Hospital, Medical School of Nanjing University between April 2003 and November 2019 and they were retrospectively reviewed. The AS patients with ALs who met the following criteria were included for the investigation of occult ALs: (1) with pre-operative plain radiographs of the whole-spine and (2) availability of pre-operative computed tomography (CT) and/or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the whole-spine. The occult ALs were defined as the ALs which were undetectable on plain radiographs but could be detected by CT and/or MRI. The extensive ALs involved the whole discovertebral junction or manifested as destructive lesions throughout the vertebral body. Independent-samples t test was used to compare the age between the patients with only occult ALs and those with only detectable ALs. Chi-square or Fisher exact test was applied to compare the types, distribution, and radiographic characteristics between detectable and occult ALs as appropriate.@*RESULTS@#Ninety-two AS patients with a mean age of 44.4 ± 10.1 years were included for the investigation of occult ALs. Twenty-three patients had occult ALs and the incidence was 25% (23/92). Fifteen extensive ALs were occult, and the proportion of extensive ALs was significantly higher in detectable ALs (97% vs. 44%, χ2 = 43.66, P < 0.001). As assessed by PR, the proportions of osteolytic destruction with reactive sclerosis (0 vs. 100%, χ2 = 111.00, P < 0.001), angular kyphosis of the affected discovertebral units or vertebral body (0 vs. 22%, χ2 = 8.86, P = 0.003), formation of an osseous bridge at the intervertebral space adjacent to ALs caused by the ossification of the anterior longitudinal ligament (38% vs. 86%, χ2 = 25.91, P < 0.001), and an abnormal height of the affected intervertebral space were all significantly lower in occult ALs (9% vs. 84%, χ2 = 60.41, P < 0.001).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Occult ALs presented with more subtle radiographic changes. Occult ALs should not be neglected, especially in the case of extensive occult ALs, because the stability of the spine might be severely impaired by these lesions.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Kyphosis/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Middle Aged , Radiography , Retrospective Studies , Spine/diagnostic imaging , Spondylitis, Ankylosing/diagnostic imaging
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877087

ABSTRACT

Objective To employ Logistic regression modeling to analyze the related factors influencing the accuracy of the high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) determination of preservatives in beverages. Methods The HPLC separation was performed on a Zorbax Eclipse Plus C18 column with methanol-ammonium acetate solution as mobile phase. The external standard method was used to determine 5 beverage preservatives. The influencing factors on the measurement accuracy were statistically evaluated with univariate and multivariate analysis. Results Univariate analysis showed that the recovery rate of the added standard in the determination of coffee beverage preservatives by HPLC was affected by the pretreatment method, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that the main influencing factors on the accuracy of determination of sorbic acid was the pretreatment method (OR=5.406, P<0.05), while the sample type was a protective factor (OR=0.134, P<0.05). For the determination of benzoic acid, the main factor influencing the accuracy was the sample type (OR=1.112, P<0.05), while the pretreatment method was a protective factor (OR=0.447, P<0.05). Conclusion Logistic regression analysis can identify risk factors for the accuracy of the determination, and provide statistical modeling support for the experimental optimization.

15.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 29-36, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872612

ABSTRACT

Depression is a serious mental illness with a high incidence. At present, we do not fully understand the specific pathological mechanisms of depression, and the efficacy of drug treatments is very limited. Recent studies have shown that epigenetic changes that occur in specific brain regions may be a key mechanism by which environmental factors to interact with individuals to influence the risk of depression. Therefore, drugs that target epigenetic regulation may become a new direction for the development of antidepressants. Histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACi) are a class of compounds that inhibit histone deacetylase activity, which has been reported to be associated with depression; this article addresses the use of HDACi in preclinical studies, and their potential therapeutic role and limitations of use in depression.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879188

ABSTRACT

The metabolites of salvianolic acid A and salvianolic acid B in rats were analyzed and compared by ultra-high-perfor-mance liquid chromatography with linear ion trap-orbitrap mass spectrometry(UHPLC-LTQ-Orbitrap MS). After the rats were administrated by gavage, plasma at different time points and urine within 24 hours were collected to be treated by solid phase extraction(SPE), then they were gradient eluted by Acquity UPLC BEH C_(18) column(2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.7 μm) and 0.1% formic acid solution(A)-acetonitrile(B) mobile phase system, and finally all biological samples of rats were analyzed under negative ion scanning mode. By obtaining the accurate relative molecular mass and multi-level mass spectrometry information of metabolites, combined with the characteristic cleavage law of the reference standard and literature reports, a total of 30 metabolites, including salvianolic acid A and B, were identified. Among them, there were 24 metabolites derived from salvianolic acid A, with the main metabolic pathways including ester bond cleavage, dehydroxylation, decarboxylation, hydrogenation, methylation, hydroxylation, sulfonation, glucuronidation, and their multiple reactions. There were 15 metabolites of salvianolic acid B, and the main biotransformation pathways were five-membered ring cracking, ester bond cleavage, decarboxylation, dehydroxylation, hydrogenation, methylation, sulfonation, glucuronidation, and their compound reactions. In this study, the cross-metabolic profile of salvianolic acid A and B was elucidated completely, which would provide reference for further studies on the basis of pharmacodynamic substances and the exploration of pharmacological mechanism.


Subject(s)
Animals , Benzofurans , Caffeic Acids , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Lactates , Mass Spectrometry , Rats , Technology
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787756

ABSTRACT

To evaluate the effectiveness of health belief model-based health education intervention in improving blood pressure control of patients with hypertension in community settings. From September 2016 to September 2017, 400 newly diagnosed patients with hypertension were recruited from 6 community healthcare centers with comparable population size and health services in the Shunyi District of Beijing. All community healthcare centers were randomly assigned to the intervention group (206 patients) and the control group (194 patients). Patients in the intervention group received 3 lectures (20-30 min for each) of health belief model-based health education. Patients in the control group received usual care. The basic characteristics, health beliefs, and health literacy were collected, and blood pressure was measured before and after the intervention, respectively. The difference-in-difference model was used to analyze the change of blood pressure and the influencing factors between two groups before and after the intervention. A total of 134 patients in the intervention group and 129 patients in the control group completed the study. After adjusting for the age, gender, family income, medical insurance, chronic diseases and family history, the score of perceived barriers was increased by 1.65 (0.016), and perceived seriousness was decreased by 0.73 (0.018). The systolic blood pressure of patients was decreased by 7.37 mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa, 0.001) and diastolic blood pressure was decreased by 4.07 mmHg (0.014), respectively. The β (95) values were -7.37 (-11.88,-2.86) and -4.07 (-7.30, -0.84). The perceived susceptibility and self-efficacy had a significant influence on the blood pressure of patients (0.05). Health belief model-based health education intervention could significantly improve the blood pressure control of patients with hypertension in the community settings.

18.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 131-136, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787664

ABSTRACT

To compare the short-term and long-term results of thoracoscopic and open pneumonectomy for non-small cell lung cancer. The clinical data of patients with non-small cell lung cancer who underwent pneumonectomy in the Department of Thoracic Surgery, Qingdao University Hospital from January 2008 to December 2016 were collected. Totally 142 patients (55 in the thoracoscopic group and 87 in the open group) were included in the study. A total of 29 pairs of patients were successfully matched by propensity score matching (PSM). Perioperative outcomes and overall survival were compared between the two groups using test, χ(2) test, Kaplan-Meier curve and Log-rank test, respectively. Camparion with open group, the thoracoscopic group had longer operative time ((209.7±70.2) minutes . (171.3±43.5) minutes, 2.50, 0.02), more mediastinal lymph node dissection ((): 17(9) . 11(10), =388, 0.02) and shorter postoperative hospital stay (7.0(3.5) . 9.0(3.0), =285, 0.03). There was no significant difference in estimated blood loss, postoperative drainage time, dissected lymph node number, dissected lymph node station and perioperative complications. After PSM, there were no signifificant differences found in 3-year survival (71.4% . 48.1%, 0.10) and 3-year disease-free survival (67.4% . 47.2%, 0.13) between the two groups. Thoracoscopic pneumonectomy is safe and feasible for the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer with more mediastinal lymph node dissection and accelerating recovery, and equivalent long-term prognosis when compared with open approach.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787616

ABSTRACT

To evaluate the indication, safety and effectiveness of transoral robotic surgery (TORS) for oropharyngeal cancer based on our preliminary experience. Twelve patients, including six with tonsil cancer, five with tongue base cancer and one with posterior pharyngeal wall cancer, who underwent TORS with Da Vinci Si surgical system from March 2017 to October 2018 at Tongji Hospital of Huazhong University of Science Technology were respectively analyzed. And the surgical time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative local bleeding, dyspnea, nerve function injury, oral intake time, whether or not to receive chemoradiotherapy were analyzed. All tumors in the 12 patients were en bloc removed by TORS. Surgical time ranged from 25 to 80 min with an average of 34.2 min. The blood loss ranged from 10 ml to 50 ml with an average of 20.8 ml. The recovery time for oral intake ranged from 1 day to 30 days with an average of 8.4 days. No patient underwent tracheostomy after TORS. Also, no patient manifested with airway obstruction, bleeding or nerve injury symptoms after operation. All 12 patients reached pathologically negative surgical margins. The patients were followed up for 4 to 22 months, with a median of 12 months. All patients who combined with more advanced than T3 stage, or more advanced than N2 stage were recommended to oncologist, then, followed with radiotherapy or chemoradiotherapy if no relevant contradictions occurred. No local recurrence or distant metastasis case was found. With proper indications, the application of TORS in oropharyngeal cancer is a relatively safe, effective and minimal invasive therapy, which merits more clinical applications.

20.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): E001-E001, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-782442

ABSTRACT

Novel coronavirus pneumonia (NCP) is a highly infectious disease, has a long incubation period and a variety of clinical manifestations, which has a significant impact on public health and life. Afterwards, scientific and standardized work processing during the epidemic is of great significance for prevention and control. In order to implement the central government's decision-making deployment and defeat the NCP as soon as possible, we had focused on the key points in the clinical work of general surgery according to latest relevant guidelines, literature and experience in epidemic prevention. Finally, we drafted the prevention and control strategies and recommendations to make a reference for medical staff of general surgery to fight NCP.

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