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1.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 211-225, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008090

ABSTRACT

The banana Fusarium wilt (BFW) caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense tropical race4 (FocTR4) is difficult to control worldwide, which causes a huge economic losse to banana industry. The purpose of this study was to screen Trichoderma strains with antagonistic activity against FocTR4, to isolate and purify the active compound from the fermentation broth, so as to provide important biocontrol strains and active compound resources. In this work, Trichoderma strains were isolated and screened from the rhizosphere soil of crops, and the strains capable of efficiently inhibiting FocTR4 were screened by plate confrontation, and further confirmed by testing inhibition for the conidial germination and mycelial growth of FocTR4. The phylogenetic tree clarified the taxonomic status of the biocontrol strains. Moreover, the active components in the fermentation broth of the strains were separated and purified by column chromatography, the structure of the most active component was analyzed by nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR), the BFW control effect was tested by pot experiments. We obtained a strain JSHA-CD-1003 with antagonistic activity against FocTR4, and the inhibition rate from plate confrontation was 60.6%. The fermentation broth of JSHA-CD-1003 completely inhibited the germination of FocTR4 conidia within 24 hours. The inhibition rate of FocTR4 hyphae growth was 52.6% within 7 d. A phylogenetic tree was constructed based on the ITS and tef1-α gene tandem sequences, and JSHA-CD-1003 was identified as Trichoderma brevicompactum. Purification and NMR identification showed that the single active compound was trichodermin, and the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) was 25 μg/mL. Pot experiments showed that the fermentation broth of strain JSHA-CD-1003 was effective against BFW. The control rate of leaf yellowing was 47.4%, and the rate of bulb browning was 52.0%. Therefore, JSHA-CD-1003 effectively inhibited FocTR4 conidial germination and mycelium growth through producing trichodermin, and showed biocontrol effect on banana wilt caused by FocTR4, thus is a potential biocontrol strain.


Subject(s)
Fusarium , Musa , Phylogeny , Trichodermin , Hypocreales
2.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 170-175, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006282

ABSTRACT

Oligoasthenozoospermia is the main cause of male infertility, with complex and diverse causes. Currently, there are still some unclear causes of oligoasthenozoospermia in clinical practice, known as idiopathic oligoasthenozoospermia. With the development of high-throughput sequencing technology, it has been found that intestinal microbiota disorder may be an important promoting factor for the onset of oligoasthenozoospermia. Traditional Chinese medicine believes that "deficiency of kidney essence" is the core pathogenesis of oligoasthenozoospermia. In clinical practice, the method of tonifying the kidney and strengthening the essence has a significant therapeutic effect on oligoasthenozoospermia, but its mechanism of action has not been fully elucidated. Based on the basic theories of traditional Chinese medicine and molecular biology research, it has been found that there is a similarity between "kidney essence" and intestinal microbiota. During the onset of oligoasthenozoospermia, the disorder of intestinal microbiota has similarities with the pathogenesis of "deficiency of kidney essence" in traditional Chinese medicine. Moreover, traditional Chinese medicine for tonifying the kidney and strengthening the essence can regulate the disorder of intestinal microbiota, which may be one of the effective mechanisms for the treatment of oligoasthenozoospermia with the Bushen Yijing method. Based on this, this article explored the mechanism of Bushen Yijing method of traditional Chinese medicine in treating oligoasthenozoospermia from the perspective of intestinal microbiota, so as to provide new ideas for the treatment of oligoasthenozoospermia with traditional Chinese medicine.

3.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 96-102, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006273

ABSTRACT

Trials within cohorts (TwiCs) are design methods derived from randomized controlled trials (RCTS). They have been widely used in chronic disease areas such as tumors and cardiovascular diseases. The basis of the TwiCs design is a prospective cohort of specific diseases. When RCTS need to be implemented, some patients meeting the inclusion and exclusion criteria are randomly sampled from the cohort to receive "trial interventions", while the remaining patients in the cohort who meet the inclusion and exclusion criteria continue to receive conventional treatment as control groups. By comparing the efficacy differences between the intervention measures of the trial group and the control group, the efficacy of intervention measures was evaluated. Within the cohort, the same process could be repeated to carry out multiple RCTS, so as to evaluate different intervention measures or compare the efficacy of different doses or timing of interventions. Compared with classical RCTS, TwiCs make it easier to recruit patients from the cohort and have higher external validity, providing a new research paradigm for improving the efficiency and applicability of RCTS in clinical practice. However, TwiCs may also face the challenge of poor compliance of patients in the cohort. Researchers need to take effective measures to control these patients in the design and operation of TwiCs. This article focused on the methodological key points during the implementation of TwiCs, including multi-stage informed consent (patients are informed of consent at three stages: entering the cohort, entering the trial group, and after the trial), randomization procedures (only random sampling of patients from the cohort to receive "trial interventions"), sample size calculation, and statistical analysis methods. The article also compared the differences between TwiCs and traditional RCTS and illustrated TwiCs research design and analysis with examples, so as to provide new research ideas and methods for clinical researchers.

4.
Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 159-166, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005365

ABSTRACT

To develop a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) diagnostic scale for type 2 diabetes mellitus with turbid-toxin accumulation syndrome and to validate the performance of the scale. A candidate pool was established through literature review and expert consultation, and a clinical case information collection form was developed accordingly. Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus admitted to the First Teaching Hospital of Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine from July 2021 to January 2022 were investigated, and 312 valid clinical case information collection forms were obtained, which were randomly divided into 235 cases in the study group and 77 cases in the validation group. Four statistical methods, namely, differentiation analysis, Cronbach's coefficient, correlation coefficient, and stepwise regression, were used to screen out the candidate items, and Logistic regression analysis and factor analysis were used to assign weights to the items, and the final diagnostic model was determined by the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve, and the diagnostic thresholds were calculated for the Yoden index. The final TCM diagnostic scale for type 2 diabetes mellitus was composed of 8 items: turbid dirt coating (with a weight value of 23, the same below), sticky stools (16), fullness in the epigastrium and abdomen (12), dark complexion (12), irritability (11), brown spots on the skin (11), heaviness of head (10), and chest stuffiness (5), and the degree score was 0, 0.5, 1.0, and 1.5 points corresponding to no, mild, moderate and severe symptoms, respectively. The total score was the sum of the degree score multiplied by the weighted value of each item, and when the total score reached 33 points, it is diagnosed as the turbid-toxin accumulation syndrome. The established scale was tested and evaluated in the study group and the validation group, and the results showed that the sensitivity of the study group and the validation group was 89.38% and 89.47%, with the specificity of 95.90% and 89.74%, the Yoden index of 0.85 and 0.79, the positive predictive value of 95.28% and 89.47%, the negative predictive value of 90.70% and 89.74%, the diagnostic advantage ratios of 198.18 and 72.67, and the Kappa values of 0.86 and 0.79, which indicated that the TCM diagnostic scale for turbid-toxin accumulation syndrome of type 2 diabetes mellitus showed good diagnostic ability.

5.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1914-1920, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013699

ABSTRACT

Aim To explore the protective effects of ganoderma lucidum polysaccharides (GLPS) on experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), an animal model of multiple sclerosis (MS) and the underlying mechanism. Methods Thirty C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into three groups: normal control group, EAE model group and GLPS group (5 mg • kg

6.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 2205-2210, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013663

ABSTRACT

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), as an idiopathic inflammatory disease of the intestinal tract, consisting mainly of Crohns disease and ulcerative colitis, which can involve the rectum, colon and ileum, and whose pathogenesis is still not fully understood. The initiation of intestinal inflammation associated with IBD and its chronieity begins with increased intestinal permeability caused by intestinal epithelial barrier disruption. The anti-permeability of the intestinal epithelial barrier is maintained by tight junction in the apical region of the intestinal epithelial cells, and disruption of the tight junction structure is closely associated with intestinal epithelial barrier damage and the development of IBD. Therefore, it is significant to find drugs for the prevention and treatment of IBD using tight junctions as regulatory targets. In recent years, many small molecules of natural product origin have been reported to improve the effects of IBD. In particular, we review the compounds that have the function of repairing intestinal epithelial barrier and protecting tight junction structure, in order to provide research ideas for the design and development of new drugs for the prevention and treatment of IBD.

7.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 1038-1042, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013219

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical presentation and genetic characteristics of malignant infantile osteopetrosis. Methods: This was a retrospective case study. Thirty-seven children with malignant infantile osteopetrosis admitted into Beijing Children's Hospital from January 2013 to September 2022 were enrolled in this study. According to the gene mutations, the patients were divided into the CLCN7 group and the TCIRG1 group. Clinical characteristics, laboratory tests, and prognosis were compared between two groups. Wilcoxon test or Fisher exact test were used in inter-group comparison. The survival rate was estimated with the Kaplan-Meier method and the Log-Rank test was used to compare the difference in survival between groups. Results: Among the 37 cases, there were 22 males and 15 females. The age of diagnosis was 0.5 (0.2, 1.0) year. There were 13 patients (35%) and 24 patients (65%) with mutations in CLCN7 and TCIRGI gene respectively. Patients in the CLCN7 group had an older age of diagnosis than those in the TCIRGI group (1.2 (0.4, 3.6) vs. 0.4 (0.2, 0.6) years, Z=-2.60, P=0.008). The levels of serum phosphorus (1.7 (1.3, 1.8) vs. 1.1 (0.8, 1.6) mmol/L, Z=-2.59, P=0.010), creatine kinase isoenzyme (CK-MB) (457 (143, 610) vs. 56 (37, 82) U/L, Z=-3.38, P=0.001) and the level of neutrophils (14.0 (9.9, 18.1) vs. 9.2 (6.7, 11.1) ×109/L, Z=-2.07, P=0.039) at diagnosis were higher in the CLCN7 group than that in the TCIRG1 group. However, the level of D-dimer in the CLCN7 group was lower than that in the TCIRGI group (2.7 (1.0, 3.1) vs. 6.3 (2.5, 9.7) μg/L, Z=2.83, P=0.005). After hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, there was no significant difference in 5-year overall survival rate between the two groups (92.3%±7.4% vs. 83.3%±7.6%, χ²=0.56, P=0.456). Conclusions: TCIRGI gene mutations are more common in children with osteopetrosis. Children with TCIRGI gene mutations have younger age, lower levels of phosphorus, CK-MB, and neutrophils and higher level of D-dimer at the onset. After hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, patients with CLCN7 or TCIRGI gene mutations have similar prognosis.


Subject(s)
Child , Male , Female , Humans , Osteopetrosis/therapy , Retrospective Studies , Prognosis , Genes, Recessive , Phosphorus , Chloride Channels/genetics , Vacuolar Proton-Translocating ATPases/genetics
8.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4475-4482, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008702

ABSTRACT

This study investigated the effect and mechanism of morin in inducing autophagy and apoptosis in hepatocellular carcinoma cells through the protein kinase B(Akt)/mammalian target of rapamycin(mTOR)/signal transducer and activator of transcription protein 3(STAT3) pathway. Human hepatocellular carcinoma SK-HEP-1 cells were stimulated with different concentrations of morin(0, 50, 100, 125, 200, and 250 μmol·L~(-1)). The effect of morin on the viability of SK-HEP-1 cells was detected by Cell Counting Kit-8(CCK-8). The effect of morin on the proliferation and apoptosis of SK-HEP-1 cells was investigated using colony formation assay, flow cytometry, and BeyoClick~(TM) EdU-488 with different concentrations of morin(0, 125, and 250 μmol·L~(-1)). The changes in the autophagy level of cells treated with morin were examined by transmission electron microscopy and autophagy inhibitors. The impact of morin on the expression levels of proteins related to the Akt/mTOR/STAT3 pathway was verified by Western blot. Compared with the control group, the morin groups showed decreased viability of SK-HEP-1 cells in a time-and concentration-dependent manner, increased number of apoptotic cells, up-regulated expression level of apoptosis marker PARP, up-regulated phosphorylation level of apoptosis-regulating protein H2AX, decreased number of positive cells and the colony formation rate, an upward trend of expression levels of autophagy-related proteins LC3-Ⅱ, Atg5, and Atg7, and decreased phosphorylation levels of Akt, mTOR, and STAT3. These results suggest that morin can promote apoptosis, inhibit proliferation, and induce autophagy in hepatocellular carcinoma cells, and its mechanism of action may be related to the Akt/mTOR/STAT3 pathway.


Subject(s)
Humans , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/pathology , Liver Neoplasms/pathology , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism , Apoptosis , Autophagy , Cell Proliferation , Cell Line, Tumor , STAT3 Transcription Factor/metabolism
9.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4702-4710, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008637

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to investigate the effect and molecular mechanism of sinomenine on proliferation, apoptosis, metastasis, and combination with inhibitors in human hepatocellular carcinoma HepG2 cells and SK-HEP-1 cells. The effect of sinomenine on the growth ability of HepG2 and SK-HEP-1 cells were investigated by CCK-8 assay, colony formation assay, and BeyoClick~(TM) EdU-488 staining. The effect of sinomenine on DNA damage was detected by immunofluorescence assay, and the effect of sinomenine on apoptosis of human hepatocellular carcinoma cells was clarified by Hoechst 33258 staining and CellEvent~(TM) Cystein-3/7Green ReadyProbes~(TM) reagent assay. Cell invasion assay and 3D tumor cell spheroid invasion assay were performed to investigate the effect of sinomenine on the invasion ability of human hepatocellular carcinoma cells in vitro. The effect of sinomenine on the regulation of protein expression related to the protein kinase B(Akt)/mammalian target of rapamycin(mTOR)/signal transducer and activator of transcription 3(STAT3) signaling pathway in HepG2 and SK-HEP-1 cells was examined by Western blot. Molecular docking was used to evaluate the strength of affinity of sinomenine to the target cysteinyl aspartate specific proteinase-3(caspase-3) and STAT3, and combined with CCK-8 assay to detect the changes in cell viability after combination with STAT3 inhibitor JSI-124 in combination with CCK-8 assay. The results showed that sinomenine could significantly reduce the cell viability of human hepatocellular carcinoma cells in a concentration-and time-dependent manner, significantly inhibit the clonogenic ability of human hepatocellular carcinoma cells, and weaken the invasive ability of human hepatocellular carcinoma cells in vitro. In addition, sinomenine could up-regulate the cleaved level of poly ADP-ribose polymerase(PARP), a marker of apoptosis, and down-regulate the protein levels of p-Akt, p-mTOR, and p-STAT3 in human hepatocellular carcinoma cells. Molecular docking results showed that sinomenine had good affinity with the targets caspase-3 and STAT3, and the sensitivity of sinomenine to hepatocellular carcinoma cells was diminished after STAT3 was inhibited. Therefore, sinomenine can inhibit the proliferation and invasion of human hepatocellular carcinoma cells and induce apoptosis, and the mechanism may be attributed to the activation of caspase-3 signaling and inhibition of the Akt/mTOR/STAT3 pathway. This study can provide a new reference for the in-depth research and clinical application of sinomenine and is of great significance to further promote the scientific development and utilization of sinomenine.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/genetics , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , Caspase 3/metabolism , Liver Neoplasms/genetics , Molecular Docking Simulation , Sincalide/pharmacology , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Hep G2 Cells , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism , Apoptosis
10.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2853-2861, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999035

ABSTRACT

There is still a serious challenge of the measurement of critical quality attributes (CQAs) related to clinical efficacy for Chinese materia medica manufacturing. To overcome this challenge, an integrated strategy of biosensor and ultra-performance liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) was proposed using Tongren niuhuang qingxin pills as a trial. Firstly, an original biosensor was created using a semiconductor chip material high electron mobility transistor (HEMT) as the transducer and the macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) as the identification element. By this MIF-HEMT biosensor, the efficacy on stoke of different components from Tongren niuhuang qingxin pills was measured. It was clear that all three components of Tongren niuhuang qingxin pills had strong therapeutic effects on stroke, especially the section A, the KD of which reached to 8.722×10-10 g·mL-1. Furthermore, MIF-HEMT biosensor integrated UPLC-MS/MS was introduced to identify the efficacy CQAs of different components of Tongren niuhuang qingxin pills. As a result, 19 potential CQAs, such as albiforin, paeoniflorin, and prim-O-glucosylcimifugin, were measured as the efficacy CQAs of Tongren niuhuang qingxin pills on stroke treatment by MIF. These results provided vital measurement techniques and methodological guidance for the CQAs study of Tongren niuhuang qingxin pills intervention in MIF-induced stroke treatment. This also provided an essential guideline for the efficient utilization and quality control measurement of high-quality classical recipes.

11.
Journal of Environmental and Occupational Medicine ; (12): 1190-1195, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998776

ABSTRACT

Background Pneumoconiosis is one of the most common and widespread prescribed occupational diseases in China, and there is no cure for it at present. The Healthy China 2030 underlines that the prevention and treatment of pneumoconiosis are the critical element of promoting occupational health. Objective To understand the basic characteristics, social security, and death causes of pneumoconiosis cases in Ninghai County, and to provide a basis for scientific prevention and treatment of pneumoconiosis. Methods Information on pneumoconiosis cases in Ninghai County from 1974 to 2019 was obtained by consulting occupational disease and occupational health information monitoring systems, occupational disease diagnosis institutions, and employers, which may retain original data on occupational pneumoconiosis diagnosis, as well as specialized epidemiological survey projects on pneumoconiosis. Telephone or face-to-face follow-up visits were conducted based on relevant information to complete or verify relevant information such as length of service with dust exposure, type, stage, and diagnosis date of pneumoconiosis. ANOVA, chi-square test, and rank-sum test were used to analyze age of diagnosis and age of death, entitlement to social security and mortality rate of cases/length of service. Results As of the end of 2019, a total of 420 cases of pneumoconiosis were diagnosed among workers exposed to dust in Ninghai County, with 409 cases (97.38%) followed up and 11 cases (2.62%) lost to follow-up. Since the first case of pneumoconiosis was reported in 1974, 39 cases, 278 cases, and 101 cases of pneumoconiosis were reported before 2000, from 2000 to 2009, and from 2010 to 2019, respectively. Two other cases of pneumoconiosis were diagnosed with an unknown year, one as a dead case and one as a lost case. There were 294 surviving pneumoconiosis cases, who mainly lived in Sangzhou Town. The mean age of diagnosis was (58.68±15.37) years old, and the median length of service with exposure to dust was 8.0 (4.0, 15.7) years. The age of diagnosing stage III pneumoconiosis was less than that of stage I and stage II, and the difference between the age of diagnosing stage III and stage II pneumoconiosis was significant (P <0.05). There were 231 cases (78.57%) aged ≥ 60 years, while there were 74 cases aged ≥ 80 years (25.17%). There were 160 cases (54.42%) whose length of service was < 10 years. There were 12.59% and 7.82% of the total cases compensated by work injury insurance and civil compensation by employers, respectively. From the perspective of diagnosis period, the proportion of patients who collected work-related injury insurance and civil compensation from employers in the 2010—2019 year group was higher than that in the <2000 year group or the 2000—2009 year group (P<0.01). There were 115 fatal pneumoconiosis cases, and the fatality rates of stage I, II , and III pneumoconiosis were 23.86%, 18.18%, and 50.75%, respectively. The fatality rate of stage III pneumoconiosis was higher than that of stage I or II (P <0.05). The age of diagnosis and age of death of stage III pneumoconiosis cases were lower than those of stage I and II (P <0.05). The cause of death was definite in 65 patients, including 25 cases (38.46%) of respiratory diseases (except lung cancer) and 28 cases (43.07%) of tumors, and lung cancer accounted for 1/2 of the pneumoconiosis cases that died due to tumors. Conclusion The surviving pneumoconiosis cases in Ninghai are mainly older than 60 years old and largely live in Sangzhou Town. Constructing local rehabilitation stations should be taken as an opportunity to actively prevent and treat pneumoconiosis complications, further improving the quality of life of pneumoconiosis patients.

12.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1564-1567, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-997232

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the effectiveness of preventive treatment for latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) patients, so as to provide reference for the management and preventive treatment of clustered epidemic in schools.@*Methods@#Data came from the school tuberculosis outbreak of a boarding high school in Kaizhou District, Chongqing, which occurred between June 2017 and March 2018 among 2016 grade high school teachers and students for investigation and analysis. The total incidence, LTBI patients, and the incidence after preventive treatment for 5 years were followed up.@*Results@#A total of 34 cases of pulmonary tuberculosis from June 2017 to March 2018. A total of 1 357 individuals were screened for 6 concentrated contact screenings, with a confirmed tuberculosis rate of 2.43%, a tuberculosis skin test (TST) positive rate of 27.41%, and a strong TST positive rate of 7.39%. Among them, the confirmed tuberculosis rate and TST positive rate in the first case class were much higher than those in other classes, with statistically significant differences ( χ 2=286.30, 98.59, P <0.01). 88 cases of LTBI were found, with 31 cases receiving preventive treatment (35.23%), of which 28 completed preventive treatment (90.32%). After five years of follow-up, 73 cases of pulmonary tuberculosis were diagnosed in 2016 by the school senior high school, with a incidence rate of 0.98/10 2 (person/person years). Fifteen of the 88 LTBI patients were diagnosed with pulmonary tuberculosis, and the incidence rate was 3.33/10 2 (person/person years). The incidence rate of the preventive treatment group was 0.7/10 2 (person/person years)lower than that of the medical observation group 4.5/10 2 (person/person years), with a statistically significant difference ( χ 2=4.31, P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#The classes with higher TST positive rate and strong positive rate have higher incidence rate. Improving the preventive treatment rate of LTBI patients can effectively reduce the incidence rate of tuberculosis.

13.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 764-767, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-997026

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo characterize the incidence of laboratory confirmed pertussis cases by immunization status in Ninghai County, and to provide evidence for improving pertussis prevention and control strategy in Ninghai County. MethodsData of reported pertussis cases in Ninghai County from 2018 to 2019 were collected through the National Notifiable Infectious Disease Reporting System. The immunization history of vaccines related to pertussis was collected through the Ningbo Immunization Planning Information Management System and field investigation. Descriptive epidemiological methods were used to analyze the collected data. ResultsThe respiratory secretions collected in the 64 cases tested positive for nucleic acid of Bordetella pertussis bacilli, of which 56.25% aged 0‒1 year. They were mainly pre-school children. No adolescent or adult case was reported. All cases had whooping cough. Of the cases, 78.13% had an increase in white blood cell count, 62.5% had an increase in lymphocyte percentage, 59.38% had completed three or more doses of pertussis vaccination, 69.39% had a time interval of >1 year between the onset and last dose of pertussis vaccination, and 31.25% reported close contact with pertussis patients before the onset. The misdiagnosis rate of pertussis was as high as 92.19%. In contrast, the prevalence of anti-pertussis IgG antibody in health population was 1.05%. ConclusionFurther improvement in the laboratory testing capacity can help clarify the diagnosis of pertussis. Generally, children aged 0-1 year are mainly affected, of which vast majority have received at least one dose of pertussis vaccination. Clinical symptoms are characterized by whooping cough. Additionally, elevated white blood cells and lymphocytes should be on the alert to pertussis infection.

14.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 320-325, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995510

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the anatomy of the recurrent branch of median nerve, summarize the injury mechanism of the recurrent branch of median nerve, and explore the surgical method and clinical effect of the compression.Methods:From February 2018 to October 2021, 12 fresh hand specimens were used in Department of Hand Surgery in the Second Hospital of Tangshan, including 6 male specimens, 3 left and 3 right hands, and 6 female specimens, 3 left and 3 right hands. Anatomy of the recurrent branch of median nerve and observation of its location, measurement of the length of each muscle branch innervating thenar muscle and the easy-to-jam position of the recurrent branch of median nerve in the course of running. The measurement results uses nonparametric test of statistical analysis by side and gender. P<0.05 was considered statistically significant. From January 2020 to January 2022, 21 patients with entrapment of the recurrent median nerve of wrist were treated, 14 males and 7 females. The age ranged from 31 to 65 years old, with an average of 46.2 years old. All patients developed thenar muscular atrophy. Before operation, the recurrent branch of median nerve was marked into the muscle point, and the thenar projection on palm surface was pressed, which caused fatigue and soreness. Electromyography examination: the motor latency of median nerve endings was more than 4.5 ms, and both fibrillation potential and positive potential appeared. The motor conduction velocity of all patients was less than 30 m/s, and the motor nerve amplitude was less than 10 mV. Surgical exploration of the recurrent branch of median nerve revealed that the trunk of the recurrent branch of median nerve made the tendon arch thickened at the starting point of the superficial head of flexor pollicis brevis, and there was compression between the deep layer of the palmar aponeurosis and the thenar musculocutaneous membrane, which was completely released during the operation to relieve the compression factor. All 21 patients had followed-up in outpatient. Results:Distance from the origin of the recurrent branch of median nerve to the distal edge of transverse carpal ligament. The distance from the origin of the recurrent branch of median nerve to the distal edge of transverse carpal ligament were (0.30, 0.31, 0.32) cm and (0.31, 0.32, 0.32) cm in male left and right groups, respectively, with no statistical significance ( Z=-0.943, P=0.346); The female left and right groups were (0.28, 0.28, 0.28) cm and (0.29, 0.30, 0.30) cm, respectively, and the difference was statistically significant ( Z=-2.121, P=0.034). The length and transverse diameter of the trunk of the recurrent branch of the median nerve, the length of the superficial head branch of flexor pollicis brevis and the length of the palmar muscle branch of the thumb had no significant difference between the left and right sides of males and females( P > 0.05). The length of abductor pollicis brevis muscle branch: the male left and right groups were (1.45, 1.27, 1.31) cm and (1.54, 1.38, 1.47) cm, respectively, and there was no statistical difference ( Z=-1.528, P = 0.127); The female left and right groups were (1.21, 1.18, 1.15) cm and (1.25, 1.24, 1.25) cm respectively, and the difference was statistically significant ( Z=-1.993, P=0.046). All the 21 patients were entered in follow-up for 9-24 (average 15) months. After operation, the wounds of all patients healed in the first stage, the soreness at thenar disappeared, and the thenar muscle was full in appearance. In 21 patients, the thumb abduction function returned to normal, the thumb to palm opposition returned to normal in 19 cases, and was slightly limited in 2 cases. After operation, thenar muscle strength recovered to grade 5 in 19 cases and grade 4 in 2 cases. At the last follow-up, electromyography showed that the motor latency of median nerve endings was less than 4.5 ms, and the motor conduction velocity was greater than 40 m/s; Motor nerve amplitudes were all greater than 10 mV. According to the functional evaluation standard of carpal tunnel syndrome recommended by Gu Yudong, 19 cases were excellent, 2 cases were good, and the excellent and good rate was 100%. Conclusion:The length of each nerve branch of the recurrent median nerve innervates thenar muscle is different, and there are many factors that cause the recurrent median nerve to get stuck. It is of high clinical value to master the anatomical structure of the recurrent median nerve and the mechanism of the entrapment, and to completely loosen vulnerable parts by surgery.

15.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 188-199, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994965

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between serum fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) and sarcopenia in hemodialysis (HD) patients, and to explore the relationship between FGF21 and signal pathways related to skeletal muscle metabolism in uremic state at the cellular level.Methods:The data of the HD patients from the blood purification center of the Third Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University were collected in this prospective observational study between January 2018 and December 2019. Serum FGF21 concentration was detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Meanwhile, the skeletal muscle indexes (SMI) at the fourth thoracic vertebra (T4) and the first lumbar vertebra (L1) were assessed by chest CT. According to the T4 SMI and L1 SMI, the patients were divided into sarcopenia group and non-sarcopenia group. The relationship between serum FGF21 and sarcopenia was analyzed. The C2C12 mouse myoblasts were cultured in vitro, which were intervened with healthy human serum, healthy human serum+different concentrations of FGF21, uremic serum, uremic serum+different concentrations of FGF21. The expressions of muscle ring finger protein-1 (MURF1), muscle atrophy F-box (Atrogin-1), myogenic differentiation (MyoD) and myogenin (MyoG) were detected by Western blotting. Results:A total of 118 HD patients with age of (52.64±15.29) years were enrolled in the study, including 64 males (54.2%) and 54 females (45.8%). The images at T4 and L1 level assessed by chest CT could be acquired from 118 patients and 82 patients, respectively. According to the lowest sex-specific quartile ( P25) of T4 SMI (male < 59.92 cm 2/m 2, female < 46.75 cm 2/m 2) and the lowest sex-specific quartile ( P25) of L1 SMI (male < 29.02 cm 2/m 2, female < 24.50 cm 2/m 2), patients were divided into sarcopenia group and non-sarcopenia group, and there were 29(24.58%) and 20(24.39%) patients in the sarcopenia group, respectively. When the patients were divided into two groups according to the sex-specific lowest quartile of T4 SMI, although the serum FGF21 level in the sarcopenia group was higher than that in the non-sarcopenia group, there was no statistical significance between the two groups [448.52(183.96, 1 684.08) ng/L vs. 273.65 (152.83, 535.54) ng/L, Z=-1.741, P=0.082]. When the patients were divided into two groups according to the sex-specific lowest quartile of L1 SMI, the serum FGF21 level in the sarcopenia group was significantly higher than that in the non-sarcopenia group [460.95(188.91, 1 276.38) ng/L vs. 239.10(133.25, 466.36) ng/L, Z=-2.170, P=0.030]. Binary logistic regression analysis showed that higher serum FGF21 was an independent influencing factor for sarcopenia in HD patients regardless of whether the patients were divided into two groups according to the sex-specific lowest quartile of T4 SMI or the sex-specific lowest quartile of L1 SMI (T4 SMI grouping: OR=4.085, 95% CI 1.778-9.388, P=0.001; L1 SMI grouping: OR=7.327, 95% CI 1.841-29.160, P=0.005). At T4 and L1 levels, the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of FGF21 in predicting sarcopenia in HD patients was 0.636(95% CI 0.494-0.779, P=0.036) and 0.684(95% CI 0.535-0.833, P=0.018), respectively. Cell experiment showed that compared with the uremic serum group, the expressions of MURF1 and Atrogin-1 in myotube cells were increased, while the expressions of MyoD and MyoG were significantly decreased in uremic serum+FGF21 group (both P < 0.05). Conclusions:Higher serum FGF21 is associated with an increased risk of sarcopenia in HD patients. FGF21 may increase the expression of ubiquitin proteasome system, reduce the synthesis and differentiation of skeletal muscle protein, and promote the occurrence of muscle atrophy in uremic patients

16.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 59-63, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994439

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate COVID-19 vaccination status and relevant adverse reactions in patients with psoriasis treated with biological agents, and to explore the effect of COVID-19 vaccination on psoriatic lesions.Methods:Clinical data were collected from 572 psoriasis patients aged 18 - 60 years, who were registered in the management system of psoriasis patients treated with biological agents in the University of Hong Kong-Shenzhen Hospital from May 2019 to June 2021. The COVID-19 vaccination status was investigated by telephone interviews, and the vaccination-related information was obtained by fixed healthcare workers during a fixed time period according to a predesigned questionnaire. Measurement data were compared between two groups by using t test, and enumeration data were compared by using chi-square test or Fisher′s exact test. Results:The COVID-19 vaccination coverage rate was 43.13% (226 cases) among the 524 patients who completed the telephone interview, and was significantly lower in the biological agent treatment group (30.79%, 105/341) than in the traditional drug treatment group (66.12%, 121/183; χ2 = 60.60, P < 0.001) . The main reason for not being vaccinated was patients′ fear of vaccine safety (49.66%, 148/298) , followed by doctors′ not recommending (26.51%, 79/298) . In the biological agent treatment group after vaccination, the exacerbation of psoriatic lesions was more common in patients receiving prolonged-interval treatment (42.86%, 6/14) compared with those receiving regular treatment (4.40%, 4/91; Fisher′s exact test, P < 0.001) . Skin lesions were severely aggravated in two patients after COVID-19 vaccination, who ever experienced allergic reactions and whose skin lesions did not completely subside after the treatment with biological agents. Conclusions:The COVID-19 vaccination coverage rate was relatively low in the psoriasis patients treated with biological agents, and no serious adverse reaction was observed after vaccination. Prolonged-interval treatment due to COVID-19 vaccination ran the risk of exacerbation of skin lesions.

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Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 781-786, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994258

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the relationship between preoperative serum albumin concentrations and postoperative delirium (POD) in the patients undergoing total knee/hip arthroplasty.Methods:Five hundred patients of both sexes, aged 50-90 yr, with body mass index of 50-80 kg, of American Society of Anesthesiologists Physical Status classification Ⅰ or Ⅱ, undergoing elective total knee or hip replacement under combined spinal-epidural anesthesia in our hospital from December 2021 to December 2022, were selected. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples were collected after successful subarachnoid puncture for determination of amyloid-beta 42 (Aβ42), total tau protein (T-tau) and phosphorylated tau protein (P-tau) concentrations using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Confusion Assessment Method and Memorial Delirium Assessment Scale were used to evaluate the occurrence and severity of POD at 1-7 days after surgery (or before discharge), and the patients were divided into POD group and non-POD group (NPOD group). Logistic regression analysis was used to identify the risk factors for POD. The accuracy of plasma albumin concentration and CSF biomarker concentration in predicting POD was evaluated by the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve, and the mediating effect of CSF biomarker was analyzed.Results:A total of 343 patients were finally enrolled in the study, and the incidence of POD was 23.3%. There were statistically significant differences in age, preoperative plasma albumin concentration and Memorial Delirium Assessment Scale score in POD group as compared with NPOD group ( P<0.05). Before and after adjusting for confounding factors, decreased plasma albumin and increased concentrations of P-tau and T-tau in CSF before operation were the risk factors for POD, and increased concentrations of Aβ42, Aβ42/P-tau and Aβ42/T-tau ratio in CSF were protective factors for POD. The area under the ROC curve of preoperative plasma albumin concentrations in predicting POD was 0.668, and the area under the ROC curve of preoperative plasma albumin concentrations combined with CSF biomarker concentrations in predicting POD was 0.810 ( P<0.05). The direct effect of plasma albumin on POD was -0.009 869 2, the total effect was 0.029 443 7, and the mediating effect of P-tau accounted for 33.53% of the total effect. Conclusions:Decreased preoperative plasma albumin concentration is a risk factor for POD, and P-Tau in CSF serves as a key mediator in the relationship between serum albumin concentrations and postoperative delirium in the patients undergoing total knee/hip arthroplasty.

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Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 676-681, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994243

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the relationship between preoperative estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and postoperative delirium (POD) in the patients.Methods:Six hundred and twenty-five patients, aged ≥60 yr, of American Society of Anesthesiologists Physical Status classification Ⅰ-Ⅱ, scheduled for elective total knee and hip arthroplasty under combined spinal-epidural anesthesia, were included. Peripheral blood samples were collected before surgery, and serum creatinine levels were measured by the sarcosine oxidase method, and eGFR was calculated using the MDRD equation. After successful spinal-epidural puncture, cerebrospinal fluid 2 ml was collected for determination of β-amyloid 42 (Aβ42), total tau protein (T-tau) and phosphorylated tau protein (P-tau) by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The patients were divided into POD group and non-POD group (NPOD group) according to the occurrence of POD. The logistic regression analysis was used to identify the risk factors for POD, and the mediating effect of CSF biomarkers was analyzed. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was drawn to evaluate the accuracy of eGFR and biomarkers in predicting POD.Results:A total of 514 patients were finally enrolled in this study, and the incidence of POD was 16.7%. The logistic regression analysis showed that decreased eGFR and increased levels of P-tau and T-tau in CSF were risk factors for POD, while increased CSF Aβ42 level, Aβ42/P-tau ratio and Aβ42/T-tau ratio were protective factors for POD after adjusting for multiple confounding variables ( P<0.05). Analysis of mediating effet: The direct effect of eGFR on POD was -0.0 005 267, the total effect was 0.0 046 446, T-tau had a partly mediating role and the mediating effect accounted for 11.3% of the total effect. The area under the ROC curve of eGFR and CSF biomarker in predicting POD was 0.812( P<0.001). Conclusions:Preoperative decrease in eGFR is a risk factor for POD, and T-tau in CSF serves as a key mediator in the relationship between eGFR and POD.

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Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 602-606, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994238

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the role of autophagy in electroacupuncture (EA)-induced improvement in sepsis-associated encephalopathy (SAE) in mice.Methods:A total of 135 healthy adult male mice, aged 8-12 weeks, weighing 22-25 g, were used in this study. Ten mice were randomly selected to prepare caecal slurry after anesthesia. The remaining 125 mice were divided into 5 groups ( n=25 each) using a random number table method: sham operation group (group Sham), SAE group, SAE+ EA group (group EA), SEA+ EA+ autophagy agonist rapamycin group (group SAE+ EA+ R), and SAE+ EA+ autophagy inhibitor 3-methyladenine group (group SAE+ EA+ MA). SAE was induced by intraperitoneal injection of cecal slurry 200 μl. Bilateral Zusanli (ST36) acupoints were stimulated at 2, 24, 48 and 72 h after surgery in group SAE+ EA, group SAE+ EA+ R and group SAE+ EA+ MA. Autophagy agonist rapamycin 10 mg/kg and autophagy inhibitor 3-methyladenine 15 mg/kg were intraperitoneally injected at 30 min before EA in SAE+ EA+ R group and SAE+ EA+ MA group, respectively. The survival of mice was recorded at 7 days after developing the model. Ten mice were selected from each group at 8-12 days after developing the model, and the learning and memory ability was assessed by Morris water maze test. Five mice from each group were sacrificed after anesthesia, brains were removed, and hippocampal tissues were obtained for determination of contents of interleukin-1beta (IL-1β), IL-18 and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) (by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) and expression of p62, autophagy-related protein 16 like protein 1 (ATG16L1), and nucleotide like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3) (by Western blot). Results:Compared with Sham group, the survival rate at 7 days after developing the model was significantly decreased in the other 4 groups ( P<0.01). There was no significant difference in the survival rate at 7 days after developing the model among SAE group, SAE+ EA group, SAE+ EA+ R group and SAE+ EA+ MA group ( P>0.05). Compared with Sham group, the activity time at the target quadrant was significantly shortened, the escape latency was prolonged, the number of crossing the original platform was reduced, the contents of TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-18 were increased, the expression of ATG16L1 was down-regulated, and the expression of p62 and NLRP3 was up-regulated in SAE group ( P<0.05). Compared with SAE group, the escape latency was significantly shortened, the activity time at the target quadrant was prolonged, the number of crossing the original platform was increased, the contents of TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-18 were decreased, the expression of ATG16L1 was up-regulated, and the expression of p62 and NLRP3 was down-regulated in SAE+ EA group ( P<0.05). Compared with SAE+ EA group, no significant change was found in the parameters of Morris water maze test ( P>0.05), the contents of TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-18 were significantly decreased, the expression of ATG16L1 was up-regulated, and the expression of NLRP3 and P62 was down-regulated in SAE+ EA+ R group, and the expression of ATG16L1 was significantly down-regulated, and the expression of p62 and NLRP3 was up-regulated in SAE+ EA+ MA group ( P<0.05). Conclusions:The mechanism by which EA improves SAE is related to promotion of autophagy in hippocampal neurons, inhibition of NLRP3 inflammasome activation, and alleviation of neuroinflammatory responses in mice.

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Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 564-569, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994230

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the relationship between hippocampal macrophage polarization and perioperative neurocognitive disorders in mice with tibial fractures.Methods:Forty-five clean-grade healthy male C57/BL6 mice, aged 5-7 months, were divided into 3 groups ( n=15 each) using the random number table method: control group (group C), anesthesia group (group A) and anesthesia surgery group (group AS). Group C received no treatment. Group A was anesthetized with isoflurane inhaled for 15 min. In AS group, intramedullary nail fixation of tibial fracture was performed under anesthesia through inhalation of 2% isoflurane. Morris water maze test and open field test were performed before anesthesia/on 1 day before surgery and after anesthesia/on 1, 3 and 7 days after operation. Five mice were randomly selected after the behavioral experiments were completed at each time point, and hippocampal tissues were taken after the animals were sacrificed for determination of the expression of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β), IL-6, chemokine (c-c motif) ligand 12 (CCL2), CCL5, CCL8, iNOS and Arg-1 mRNA (by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction), expression of iNOS and Arg-1 proteins (by Western blot), and percentage of CD11b, CD45, CD86 and CD206 cells in hippcampal area (by immunofluorescence staining). Results:Compared with group C, the escape latency was significantly prolonged after operation, the number of crossing the platform was reduced after operation, the expression of TNF-ɑ, IL-6, CCL5 and CCL8 mRNA and iNOS protein and mRNA was up-regulated, the expression of Arg-1 protein and mRNA was down-regulated, the percentages of CD11b + CD45 + cells and CD11b + CD86 + cells in the hippocampus were increased, and the percentages of CD11b + CD206 + cells were decreased in AS group ( P<0.05), and no significant change was found in the parameters mentioned above in group A ( P>0.05). Compared with group A, the escape latency was significantly prolonged after surgery, the frequency of crossing the platform was reduced after surgery, the expression of iNOS mRNA was up-regulated, the percentages of CD11b + CD45 + cells and CD11b + CD86 + cells were increased, and the percentages of CD11b + CD206 + cells were decreased in AS group ( P<0.05). Conclusions:The occurrence of PND may be related to increased polarization to M1 macrophages in the hippocampus and decreased polarization to M2 macrophages in mice with tibial fracture, which further leads to central inflammatory responses.

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