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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883971

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the relationship between rs671 (ALDH2), rs1229984 (ADH1B), RS141973904 (ADH1C), RS1799971 (OPRM1), rs1997794 (PDYN) polymorphism and individual's alcohol subjective response and drinking behavior.Methods:From January to December 2018, patients with alcohol dependence who were hospitalized in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University and Xinjiang mental health center and met the DSM-IV were selected (alcohol dependence group, n=100). Alcohol dependence patients and normal healthy subjects (control group, n=100) completed general demographic questionnaire, including drinking behavior such as the frequency of drinking each week and the maximum alcohol consumption at one drink, and informed consent, then were extracted of venous blood for DNA test.After that, alcoholics completed the alcohol challenge test.Biphasic alcohol effect scale(BAES) and drug effect questionnaire (DEQ) were completed before drinking and after drinking 30, 60, 120, 180 minutes respectively.Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium for genetic linkage analysis was calculated by utility program.Pearson Chi-square test was used to analyze the odds ratio(OR) value, and the chi-square test of repeated measured variables were used to analyze the variation trend of individual subjective response to alcohol after drinking. Results:rs671 allele A was associated with alcohol dependence risk (χ 2=23.97, P<0.01, OR=7.11, 95% CI=2.93~17.30), and for rs1229984 polymorphism the dominant genetic model " T/T-C/T" was taken as the best fitting model ( P<0.01, OR=0.16, 95% CI=0.08-0.32), which was a protective factor for alcohol dependence.Alcoholics with TT genotype in rs1229984 had lower maximum alcohol consumption ( F=4.86, P=0.01) and weekly alcohol consumption ( F=4.51, P=0.01) than those with CC and CT genotype.The maximum alcohol consumption ( F=20.28, P<0.01) and weekly alcohol consumption ( F=12.46, P<0.01) of individuals with GG and GA genotype in rs1799971 were higher than those with AA genotype.The AA genotype of rs1799971 showed lower stimulative effect ( F=7.99, P=0.01), higher sedative effect ( F=57.04, P<0.01), and lower " like" ( F=13.38, P<0.01) and " more" effect ( F=26.37, P<0.01) than that with GG and GA genotype. Conclusion:rs671 and rs1229984 are more closely related to individual drinking behavior and volume of alcohol consumption.rs1799971 is not only related to individual drinking behavior, but also has a more closed relationship with subjective response to alcohol.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883568

ABSTRACT

General education curriculum in Wuhan University has entered "3.0 era", in which general education curriculum of oncology has opened several cycles and been loved by the majority of students, meanwhile some problems have come up. In this article, the background of setting up general education curriculum of oncology in Wuhan University is reviewed. By sorting out teaching concepts and curriculum objectives, teaching content and organizational processes, teaching methods and evaluation methods and preliminary teaching effects, we emphatically discuss the role of clarifying teaching goals, optimizing curriculum designs, compiling basic teaching materials, improving teaching methods and reforming the evaluation system in promoting the setting and development of general education curriculum of oncology in comprehensive universities.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883228

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical efficacy of the combination therapy of lenvatinib and programmed death-1 (PD-1) antibodies in unresectable or advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).Methods:The retrospective and descriptive study was conducted. The clinico-pathological data of 59 patients with unresectable or advanced HCC who were admitted to Zhongshan Hospital of Fudan University from September 2018 to January 2020 were collected. There were 54 males and 5 females, aged from 25 to 73 years, with a median age of 52 years. All 59 patients underwent combination therapy with lenvatinib and PD-1 antibodies including 43 cases undergoing first-line therapy and 16 cases who cannot tolerate first-line therapy or with tumor progressed after first-line therapy undergoing second-line therapy. Observation indicators: (1) clinical efficacy; (2) adverse drug reactions and treatment; (3) follow-up and survival. Follow-up was performed using outpatient examination or telephone interview to detect tumor diameter of the target lesion, overall survival and progression free survival of patients up to December 2020. Measurement data with skewed distribution were expressed as M ( P25,P75) or M (range). Count data were represented as absolute numbers and (or) percentages. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate the median duration of response (DoR), median overall survival time, median progression free survival time, survival rates and draw survival curves. Results:(1) Clinical efficacy: the objective response rate (ORR), complete response rate (CR), partial response rate (PR), stable disease rate (SD), progression disease rate (PD), time to response (TTR) and median DoR of 59 HCC patients were 37.3%(22/59), 11.9%(7/59), 25.4%(15/59), 37.3%(22/59), 25.4%(15/59), 2.6 months(2.1 months, 4.0 months), 6.3 months[95% confidence interval ( CI) as 2.2 to 10.5 months], respectively. The ORR, CR, PR, SD, PD and TTR of 43 HCC patients undergoing first-line therapy were 41.9%(18/43), 16.3%(7/43), 25.6%(11/43), 37.2%(16/43),20.9%(9/43), 2.2 months(2.0 months, 3.5 months), respectively. The median DoR of 43 patients undergoing first-line therapy was not reached. The ORR, CR, PR, SD, PD, TTR and median DoR of 16 HCC patients undergoing second-line therapy were 4/16, 0, 4/16, 6/16, 6/16, 3.8 months (3.6 months, 4.1 months), 4.2 months(95% CI as 2.0 to 6.3 months), respectively. Six of 59 HCC patients underwent R 0 resection due to tumor converting to resectable HCC with the conversion and resection rate of 10.2%(6/59). Among the 6 patients, 5 cases undergoing first-line treatment had the conversion and resection rates of 11.6% (5/43) and 1 case undergoing second-line treatment had the conversion and resection rates of 1/16, respectively. (2) Adverse drug reactions and treatment: 25 of 59 HCC patients underwent 3 to 4 grade adverse drug reactions with the incidence of 42.4%(25/59). Among the 25 patients, 10 cases including 5 cases undergoing first-line therapy and 5 cases undergoing second-line therapy had the level of gamma glutamyltransferase >5×upper limit of normal (ULN), 9 cases including 4 cases undergoing first-line therapy and 5 cases undergoing second-line therapy had the level of aspartate aminotransferase >5×ULN, 5 cases including 4 cases undergoing first-line therapy and 1 case undergoing second-line therapy occurred gastrointestinal hemorrhage, 4 cases undergoing first-line therapy had the level of white blood cell count <2.0×10 9/L, 4 cases including 1 case undergoing first-line therapy and 3 cases under-going second-line therapy had the level of total bilirubin >3×ULN, 3 cases undergoing first-line therapy had the level of neutrophil count <1.0×10 9/L, 3 cases including 2 cases undergoing first-line therapy and 1 case undergoing second-line therapy occurred ascites, 2 cases including 1 case undergoing first-line therapy and 1 case undergoing second-line therapy had the level of platelet count <50.0×10 9/L, 2 cases undergoing first-line therapy had the level of alanine aminotransferase >5×ULN, 2 cases undergoing first-line therapy occurred hyponatremia, 2 cases including 1 case undergoing first-line therapy and 1 case undergoing second-line therapy occurred pulmonary infection, 2 cases including 1 case undergoing first-line therapy and 1 case undergoing second-line therapy occurred type 1 diabetes, 1 case undergoing first-line therapy occurred hypokalemia, 1 case undergoing first-line therapy occurred myocarditis, 1 case undergoing first-line therapy occurred hypophysistis, 1 case undergoing first-line therapy occurred bullous dermatitis, 1 case undergoing first-line therapy occurred hypertension. Three of 59 HCC patients underwent 5 grade adverse drug reactions ,with the incidence of 5.1%(3/59), including 1 case undergoing first-line therapy with immune hepatitis, 1 case undergoing second-line therapy with immune pneumonia and 1 case undergoing second-line therapy with immune enteritis. Some of patients underwent multiple adverse drug reactions at the same time. Twenty five patients undergoing 3 to 4 grade adverse drug reactions were relieved with the treatment of drug reduction, drug withdrawal, symptomatic treatment or hormone therapy. Three patients undergoing 5 grade adverse drug reactions died after being treated with high-dose hormone shock and hepatoprotective treatment. (3) Follow-up and survival: all 59 patients were followed up for 1.5 to 25.2 months, with a median follow-up time of 13.3 months. Of them, patients undergoing first-line therapy were followed up for 1.9 to 25.2 months, with a median follow-up time of 13.5 months. During follow-up,20 cases undergoing first-line therapy died with the fatality rate of 46.5%(20/43). Patients undergoing second-line therapy were followed up for 1.5 to 24.4 months, with a median follow-up time of 10.8 months. During follow-up, 10 cases undergoing second-line therapy died with the fatality rate of 10/16. Up to the latest follow-up, the tumor diameter of the target lesion in all 59 patients, in patients undergoing first-line therapy and in patients undergoing second-line therapy was 75 mm(38 mm, 125 mm), 74 mm(36 mm, 116 mm), 84 mm(48 mm,150 mm), respectively. The ratio of tumor diameter of the target lesion at latest follow-up to tumor diameter of the target lesion at baseline were -9.05%(-27.3%, 19.7%), -16.1%(-28.8%, 13.6%), 13.2%(-24.7%, 23.5%) for all 59 patients, patients undergoing first-line therapy and patients undergoing second-line therapy, respectively. The median overall survival time and median progression free survival time of patients undergoing first-line therapy and patients undergoing second-line therapy were 17.1 months(95% CI as 11.0 to 23.2 months), 10.8 months(95% CI as 5.0 to 16.6 months) and 10.8 months(95% CI as 9.2 to 12.4 months), 3.0 months(95% CI as 1.6 to 4.4 months), respectively. Conclusion:For unresectable or advanced HCC, combination therapy with lenvatinib and PD-1 antibodies can obtain effective antitumor activity and less incidence of adverse drug reactions.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882697

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the clinical significance of early detection of soluble growth stimulating gene 2 protein (sST2) and prealbumin (PAB) in patients with chronic pulmonary heart disease (CPHD) complicated with refractory heart failure.Methods:From September 2017 to June 2019, 112 CPHD patients complicated with refractory heart failure were admitted to Hengshui People's Hospital. The selected patients met the revised guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (2013 revision) and the cardiac function grade Ⅲ-Ⅳ according to the grading criteria of the New York Cardiology Society. Cardiogenic shock, severe liver and kidney dysfunction, malignant tumors, anemia, and autoimmune diseases were excluded. Patients were divided into the high PAB group (≥200 mg/L) and the low PAB group (<200 mg/L) according to the PAB level on admission. The pulmonary artery systolic blood pressure (PASP), pulmonary artery mean pressure (MPAP), and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) were observed in the two groups before and after the treatment. PAB, total bilirubin (TBIL), hypersensitive C reactive protein (hs-CPR), N-terminal B type brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and sST2 levels were detected. Measurement data were expressed in terms of mean ± standard deviation, the counting data were compared using χ 2 test. Correlation analysis was conducted using Spearman correlation test. Results:There were 40 cases in the high PAB group and 72 cases in the low PAB group. There were no statistically significant differences in general data between the high PAB and low PAB groups ( P>0.05). Hospitalization time was significantly different between the two groups ( P<0.05). Before the treatment, there were no significant differences in PASP, MPAP, NT-proBNP and LVEF between the two groups ( P>0.05). High sST2 was significantly different between the two groups ( P<0.05). After the treatment, PASP, MPAP, NT-proBNP and sST2 were decreased in both groups, and the improvement was more obvious in the high PAB group than in the low PAB group, with statistical significance ( P<0.05). Before the treatment, the levels of TBIL and hs-CPR were not statistically different between the high PAB and low PAB groups ( P>0.05). However, the levels of TBIL and hs-CPR were beyond the normal range. After the treatment, TBIL and hs-CPR were decreased in both groups, and there was statistically significant difference between the two groups ( P<0.05). Spearman correlation analysis showed that PAB was negatively correlated with sST2 ( r=-0.778, P=0.001). There was a positive correlation between cardiac function and sST2 ( r=0.569, P=0.034), hospitalization time ( r=0.572, P=0.033) in patients with refractory heart failure. The higher the sST2 of CPHD with refractory heart failure, the longer the patient hospitalization time, and the more serious the heart failure was. The area under the combined ROC curve of PAB and sST2 was 0.756. CPHD patients with refractory heart failure had the greatest predictive value. Conclusion:The combined test of sST2 and PAB can evaluate the condition and outcome of CPHD patients with refractory heart failure, and guide the clinic.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882247

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy of sequential therapy of CD19 and CD22 chimeric antigen receptor T cells (CAR-T) for relapsed/refractory mediastinal B lymphoblastic lymphoma (B-LBL).Methods:One patient with relapsed/refractory mediastinal B-LBL treated with sequential therapy of CD19 and CD22 CAR-T who was admitted to Tongji Hospital of Huazhong University of Science and Technology Tongji Medical College in March 2017 was reported. At 1, 3, 6, 12 and 18 months after CAR-T therapy, the indicators of primary disease remission were monitored and the relevant literature was reviewed.Results:The patient relapsed and progressed after third-line chemotherapy, and then received sequential therapy of CD19 and CD22 CAR-T. In the course of cellular immunotherapy, the patient presented grade 1 cytokine release syndrome. After active treatment, the patient got stable condition and was discharged. The patient came to the hospital for regular review, and the mediastinal mass of the patient was dynamically followed up. After CAR-T therapy, the mediastinal mass of the patient was significantly reduced, and the patient was in continuous remission for 18 months.Conclusions:Sequential therapy of CD19 and CD22 CAR-T provides a new therapeutic approach for relapsed/refractory B-LBL. For patients with poor curative effect of conventional chemotherapy, CAR-T therapy should be actively performed as soon as possible to improve the remission rate and the long-term prognosis of patients.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875520

ABSTRACT

To date, there is no report on the genetic diversity of ticks in these regions. A total of 370 representative ticks from the south and east regions of Kazakhstan (SERK) and Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region (XUAR) were selected for molecular comparison. A fragment of the mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (cox1) gene, ranging from 631 bp to 889 bp, was used to analyze genetic diversity among these ticks. Phylogenetic analyses indicated 7 tick species including Hyalomma asiaticum, Hyalomma detritum, Hyalomma anatolicum, Dermacentor marginatus, Rhipicephalus sanguineus, Rhipicephalus turanicus and Haemaphysalis erinacei from the SERK clustered together with conspecific ticks from the XUAR. The network diagram of haplotypes showed that i) Hy. asiaticum from Almaty and Kyzylorda Oblasts together with that from Yuli County of XUAR constituted haplogroup H-2, and the lineage from Chimkent City of South Kazakhstan was newly evolved; and ii) the R. turanicus ticks sampled in Israel, Almaty, South Kazakhstan, Usu City, Ulugqat and Baicheng Counties of XUAR were derivated from an old lineage in Alataw City of XUAR. These findings indicate that: i) Hy. asiaticum, R. turanicus and Ha. erinacei shared genetic similarities between the SERK and XUAR; and ii) Hy. marginatum and D. reticulatus show differences in their evolution.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879388

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate specific technique and clinical effects of closed folding top consolidation maneuver combined with splint fixation maneuver for consolidation and cedar bark external fixation splint for the treatment of double fractures of distal ulna and radius in children.@*METHODS@#From January 2017 to December 2019, 17 children with double fractures of distal ulna and radius were treated with closed folded apex consolidation maneuver, including 13 males and 4 females, aged from 4 to 11 years old with an average of (7.29±2.34) years old. The fractures were fixed with cedar bark splint and followed up for 6 months, and alignment of fracture was evaluated according to the latest X-rays by follow up, and function of the affected limbs was evaluated by Anderson forearm function evaluation criteria.@*RESULTS@#Fifteen of 17 children were successfully reset immediately, and 2 children were successfully reset again. The average fixed time was (25.00±3.35) days. At 6 months of follow up, 12 patients got excellent results, 3 good, 2 fair, and 0 poor according to Anderson forearm function evaluation criteria. The position of all children were larger than 3/4, and 10 children were received anatomical reduction, alignment of 4 children was less than 10°, 3 children was less than 15°. No complications such as fracture displacement, nonunion, compartment syndrome, and forearm rotation dysfunction occurred.@*CONCLUSION@#Restoration of distal radius double fracture in children with the combination of the closed folding and top fixation maneuver and splint fixation maneuver has advantages of higher success rate, lower complications, which could reduce operating difficultyand pain of patients.


Subject(s)
Aged , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Fracture Fixation , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Humans , Male , Radius , Radius Fractures/therapy , Splints , Treatment Outcome , Ulna , Ulna Fractures
8.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 786-787, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911118

ABSTRACT

Ureteral artery fistula (UAF) is a rare complication after long-term indwelling of ureteral stent. In this study, two cases were presented. Both of them underwent pelvic tumor surgery and radiotherapy, and had a history of cutaneous terminal ureterostomy and long-term indwelling of ureteral stents. The first case, a 52-year-old female, was admitted to hospital because of intermittent bleeding from ureteral dermostomy for 1 week on April 2, 2020. CT examination revealed hematocele in the left upper urinary tract, and left nephrectomy was performed.However, bleeding still presented and the distal ureteral resection was performed at the same time, and partial ureteral was ligated. Postoperative diagnostic was ureteral artery fistula. After 8 months of follow-up, no recurrent bleeding presented. Another case, a 82-year-old male, was admitted to hospital because of bleeding at the ureteral dermostomy for an hour on June 15, 2020. Contrast enhanced CT examination revealed intersecting of the left ureter and common iliac artery, and interventional surgery was performed, by which UAF was diagnosed. Embolization of left internal iliac artery and stent implantation of common iliac artery and external iliac artery were performed intraoperatively. The bleeding stopped immediately after the operation, and there was no further bleeding during follow-up of 6 months.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909225

ABSTRACT

Acute coronary syndrome is a group of clinical syndromes based on the pathological basis of complete or incomplete occlusion of coronary artery caused by the rupture or invasion of coronary atherosclerotic plaque. It is a serious type of coronary heart disease. Acute coronary syndrome is clinically characterized by an acute onset of action and rapid pathological changes. Its prognosis differs greatly among patients with different categories of acute coronary syndrome and patients with the same category of acute coronary syndrome. Therefore, it is particularly important to reasonably use the risk score for risk stratification in patients with acute coronary syndrome, and select the optimized clinical treatment strategy according to the risk stratification, so as to reduce complications, reduce mortality and improve prognosis. This paper reviews the application of risk score in acute coronary syndrome.

10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922107

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the efficacy and safety of Yangyin Yiqi Huoxue Granule (, YYHG) in the treatment of ischemic stroke (IS) patients with qi-yin deficiency and blood stasis syndrome (QYDBSS), and to explore its effective dosage.@*METHODS@#The total of 288 patients were randomly assigned to the YYHG high-dose, YYHG low-dose, positive control (administered Xiaoshuantong Granule, XSTG, ), or placebo control (administered inert granule) groups (72 cases per group) by software-drived competitive block randomization. The trial was conducted for a 28-day period, with a 180-day follow-up period. The primary outcome was the comprehensive curative evaluation, and secondary outcomes were the National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score, Barthel activities of daily living (ADL) index score, the quality of life index (QLI) score, and the Chinese medicine syndrome (CMS) score. All analyses were done on an intention-to-treat basis. The clinical safety was also assessed.@*RESULTS@#The total of 288 participants were recruited between June 1, 2008 and September 30, 2009, and 287 patients received intervention; the treatment groups were well balanced at baseline. The comprehensive cure rates of YYHG high-dose, low-dose, positive and placebo control groups were 63.38%, 31.94%, 36.11% and 6.14%, respectively; there was a statistical difference between the two groups (P<0.01), while the high-dose YYHG treatment group was significantly higher than the other 3 groups (P<0.01). The improvement of NIHSS, ADL, QLI and CMS scores of the YYHG high-dose and low-dose groups was significantly better than that of the positive control group and the placebo control group (P<0.05). In terms of improving the classification of the NIHSS scale and the assessment of the ADL scale, the YYHG high-dose group was significantly better than the other three groups (P<0.05), and the YYHG low-dose group was better than the placebo control group (P<0.01). At the same time, except for the QLI score, the high-dose group was better than the low-dose group (P<0.05). In terms of safety, adverse reactions after YYHG treatment were generally mild (3.78%), and no serious adverse reactions have been reported.@*CONCLUSION@#YYHG is safe and effective in the treatment of IS patients with QYDBSS.


Subject(s)
Activities of Daily Living , Brain Ischemia/drug therapy , Humans , Ischemic Stroke , Qi , Quality of Life , Stroke/drug therapy , Yin Deficiency
11.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1221-1224, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921036

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the therapeutic effect on bronchial asthma between presence of skin reaction and the absence of skin reaction after acupoint application.@*METHODS@#Sixty-one patients with bronchial asthma were treated with acupoint application during the hottest periods of summer ("dog days"). The acupoints included Dingchuan (EX-B 1), Feishu (BL 13), Xinshu (BL 15), Pishu (BL 20) and Shenshu (BL 23). The treatment was given once every 7 days, with the herbal plaster remained for 6 h each time, and 4 treatments were required totally. According to the local skin reaction after acupoint application, a skin reaction group (30 cases, 2 cases dropped off) and a non-skin reaction group (31 cases) were divided. Separately, before treatment and 1 year after treatment, using chronic disease management platform of asthma, the number of asthma attacks, the score of asthma control test (ACT) and the score of asthma quality of life questionnaire (AQLQ) were recorded online. Besides, the therapeutic effect was observed in the two groups 1 year after treatment.@*RESULTS@#One year after treatment, the number of asthma attacks was reduced as compared with that before treatment in the patients of either group (@*CONCLUSION@#In treatment of acupoint application for bronchial asthma, the clinical therapeutic effect is better in the patients with local skin reaction after acupoint application. The chronic disease management platform of asthma is convenient for online evaluation.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Asthma/therapy , Disease Management , Humans , Quality of Life
12.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1095-1102, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921016

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of acupuncture combined with rehabilitation training on cognitive function and amino acid metabolism in children with cerebral palsy.@*METHODS@#Twenty children with cerebral palsy (cerebral palsy group) were randomly divided into an acupuncture and rehabilitation group (11 cases) and a rehabilitation group (9 cases), and 10 healthy children were included as the normal group. The rehabilitation group was treated with rehabilitation training, 30 min each time; on the basis of rehabilitation training, the acupuncture and rehabilitation group was treated with acupuncture at Sishenzhen, Zhisanzhen, Naosanzhen, Niesanzhen, Dazhui (GV 14), Shenzhu (GV 12), Mingmen (GV 4), etc. The Sishenzhen (left and right points) and the ipsilateral Niesanzhen were respectively connected with a group of electrodes, intermittent wave, frequency of 2 Hz for 30 min. Both groups were treated once every other day, three times a week, totaling for 3 months. The Gesell developmental diagnostic scale (GESELL) was used to evaluate the developmental quotient (DQ) scores before and after treatment, and the blood samples of children with cerebral palsy before and after treatment and normal children were collected for amino acid metabolomics.@*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, the DQ scores of adaptation, fine motor and social in the acupuncture and rehabilitation group was increased after treatment (@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture combined with rehabilitation training could improve cognitive function in children with cerebral palsy, and the effect may be related to the down-regulation of L-histidine and L-citrulline metabolism.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Amino Acids , Cerebral Palsy/therapy , Child , Cognition , Humans
13.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1049-1054, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921007

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the literature knowledge structure and acupoint matching rules of acupuncture for depression.@*METHODS@#The articles regarding acupuncture for depression published from January 1 of 1984 to October 19 of 2020 were searched in CNKI database. CiteSpace5.7.R2 software was used to import the literature data, and the keyword cluster analysis, emergence analysis and time-zone analysis of articles and acupoints were conducted, and the map of scientific knowledge was draw.@*RESULTS@#A total of 3524 articles were included to the knowledge structure analysis, while 601 articles into the acupoint matching rules analysis. There were 13 keyword clusters of acupuncture for depression, with "post-stroke depression" and "electroacupuncture treatment" as high-frequency keywords, and "electroacupuncture treatment" and "Hamilton depression scale" had high centrality, and "electroacupuncture treatment" had the highest emergence intensity. The keywords such as "electroacupuncture treatment" and "Hamilton depression scale", etc. appeared the earliest, followed by "post-stroke depression", "fluoxetine" and "auricular point therapy", etc. According to traditional Chinese medicine theory, acupoint keywords were divided into four clusters: ①core acupoint, ②replenishing-spleen and dispelling phlegm, dispersing-liver and relieving depression, reinforcing @*CONCLUSION@#The main knowledge structure of acupuncture for depression includes five parts: treatment method, depression type, TCM-related diseases, literature type and curative effect index. Clinical acupoint matching should adhere to the principle of "focusing the disease before syndrome" and "combination of disease and syndrome", and treatment should be modified for the syndromes of phlegm stagnation blocking, liver-stagnation and


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Depression/therapy , Electroacupuncture , Medicine, Chinese Traditional
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888349

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the efficacy of gelfoam granules application in prevention of cement leakage via anterior vertebral wall in Kümmell's patients treated with percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP).@*METHODS@#From June 2017 to December 2019, 13 patients with Kümmell disease were treated with PKP, and gelatin sponge was inserted into the anterior wall of vertebral body to prevent bone cement leakage. There were 3 males and 10 females, with an average age of (73.84±8.44) years. The visual analogue scale (VAS) was used to record the degree of pain before treatment and 1 day and 3 months after treatment; Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) was used to evaluate the thoracolumbar function before treatment and 3 monthsafter treatment;X-ray was used to observe the bone cement leakage after operation.@*RESULTS@#The VAS scores were 7.31±0.83, 2.92±1.13 and 1.69±1.11 before treatment and 1 day and 3 months after treatment, respectively. The VAS scores on the 1st day and 3 months after treatment were lower than those before treatment (@*CONCLUSION@#The application of gelfoam granules in PKP can effectively prevent the leakage of bone cement via the anterior vertebral wall of Kümmell patients, and reduce the risk of thermal and mechanical injury of soft tissues such as the aorta in front of the vertebral body, and does not affect the postoperative pain relief and the recovery of thoracolumbar function.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Bone Cements , Female , Gelatin Sponge, Absorbable , Humans , Kyphoplasty/adverse effects , Male , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fractures
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888338

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical efficacy of distal radius T-plate combined with suture anchor and distal clavicle anatomical locking plate combined with suture anchor in the treatment of Neer Ⅱb distal clavicle fracture.@*METHODS@#From June 2014 to June 2018, 42 patients with Neer Ⅱb distal clavicle fractures were retrospectively analyzed. According to different surgical methods, they were divided into the observation group (T-shaped plate combined with suture anchor) and the control group (anatomical locking plate combined with suture anchor). There were 22 patients in the observation group and 20 patients in the control group. In the observation group, there were 13 males and 9 females, aged from 22 to 70 (45.78± 14.44) years old, 12 cases on the left side and 10 cases on the right side, 8 cases of traffic accident injury and 14 cases of fall. In the control group, there were 12 males and 8 females, aged from 24 to 66 (44.17±15.58) years, 13 cases on the left side and 7 cases on the right side, 6 cases of traffic accident injuryand 14 cases of fall. The operation time, intraoperative blood loss and fracture healing time were compared between the two groups, and Constant Murley score was used to evaluate shoulder joint function.@*RESULTS@#The patients in both groups were followed up for 18 to 24 (20.96±2.02) months. The incisions of both groups were healed at stageⅠ. The fracture ends of both groups were bony healed at the last follow up. There was no significant difference in operation time, intraoperative blood loss and fracture healing time between two groups (@*CONCLUSION@#The two methods can obtain satisfactory results in the treatment of Neer Ⅱb distal clavicle fractures, especially suitable for patients with comminuted distal clavicle fractures or osteoporosis; the clinical effect of the treatment of NeerⅡb distal clavicle fractures with T type distal radius plate combined with suture anchor is satisfactory, which provides another feasible treatment scheme for clinic.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Bone Plates , Case-Control Studies , Clavicle/surgery , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fractures, Bone/surgery , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Suture Anchors , Treatment Outcome
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878994

ABSTRACT

In this study, Honghua Injection, Danshen Injection, Shenkang Injection, Shuxuetong Injection, Lulutong Injection, Shenxiong Glucose Injection and Chuanxiong Injection were compared for their clinical efficacy on chronic renal insufficiency by using the method of network Meta-analysis, with Western medicine as the common reference. The randomized controlled trial(RCT) of Hong-hua Injection, Danshen Injection, Shenkang Injection, Shuxuetong Injection, Lulutong Injection, Shenxiong Glucose Injection and Chuanxiong Injection for the treatment of chronic renal insufficiency were obtained by computer-based retrieval. The literature quality was evaluated by using the method in Cochrane Reviewer's Handbook 5.1 after independent screening of the included literature by two reviewers. The RJAGS package and GEMTC package of RevMan 5.3, GEMTC software, R software were used for statistical analysis to compare and sort the different injections in terms of efficacy. A total of 6 197 patients with chronic renal failure were included in 79 RCTs, involving 8 treatment measures. The effective rates of conventional treatment combined with Shenxiong Injection(OR=3.55, 95%CI[1.98, 6.37], P<0.000 1), Honghua Injection(OR=3.77, 95%CI[2.45, 5.81], P<0.000 01), Shuxuetong Injection(OR=6.71, 95%CI[3.30, 13.65], P<0.000 01) and Shenkang Injection(OR=4.14, 95%CI[3.42, 5.03], P<0.000 01) were all better than that in control group, and the effective rate of Honghua Injection combined with conventional treatment(OR=3.89, 95%CI[1.73, 8.74], P=0.001) was better than that in Danshen Injection combined with conventional treatment, all with statistically significant differences. By comprehensive comparison, Shuxuetong Injection, Honghua Injection and Shenkang Injection combined with Western medicine had good clinical effect on the effective rate, serum creatinine reduction and urea nitrogen reduction in patients with chronic renal insufficiency. However, due to the relatively low quality of the included literature, the conclusion has yet to be verified clinically.


Subject(s)
Bayes Theorem , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Network Meta-Analysis , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/drug therapy , Salvia miltiorrhiza
17.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 872-876, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875898

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the clinical effect of laparoscopy, choledochoscopy, and duodenoscopy combined with T-tube-free drainage in the treatment of gallstones with common bile duct stones. MethodsA retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 564 patients with gallstones and common bile duct stones who were admitted to Department of General Surgery, Pudong New Area People’s Hospital, Shanghai University of Medicine & Health Sciences, from December 2017 to December 2019. According to the surgical procedure, the patients were divided into laparoscopic transcystic common bile duct exploration (LTCBDE) group with 191 patients, three endoscopies+laparoscopic common bile duct exploration and primary suture (LBEPS) group with 138 patients, and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)+endoscopic sphincterotomy (EST)/endoscopic papillary balloon dilation (EPBD)+laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) group with 235 patients. The three groups were analyzed in terms of the general data including sex, age, bile duct diameter, and stone size/number, and surgical condition and complications were compared between groups. A one-way analysis of variance was used for comparison of normally distributed continuous data between groups, and the Kruskal-Wallis H test was used for comparison of non-normally distributed continuous data between groups; the chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data between groups. ResultsThere were significant differences between the LBEPS group, the ERCP+EST/EPBD+LC group and the LTCBDE group in hospital costs, drainage volume, time to first flatus, length of hospital stay and time to extraction of drainage tube (F=416.40, 7.80, 33.99, 143.70, and 13.08, P<0.001, P=0.020, P<0.001, P<0.001, and P<0.001). Compared with the LBEPS group and ERCP+EST/EPBD+LC groups, the LTCBDE group had significantly lower hospital costs and a significantly longer time to first flatus, and significantly shorter length of hospital stay and time to extraction of drainage tube(all P<0.05). No serious complication was observed after surgery, and there was no significant difference in the incidence rate of complications between the three groups (P>0.05). All patients were discharged successfully after surgery. ConclusionThe three minimally invasive surgical procedures combined with T-tube-free drainage achieve the goal of little trauma and pain, fast postoperative recovery, and few serious complications, among which LTCBDE has the lowest treatment costs and the best postoperative recovery.

18.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1715-1720, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882142

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To e valuate the correlation between processing time ,color and chemical composition content in the wine-fried process of Salvia miltiorrhiza . METHODS :Wine-fried S. miltiorrhiza with different processing time (7-15 min)was prepared by yellow rice wine. The contents of salvianolic acid B ,tanshinone ⅡA and 5-HMF in raw and wine-fried S. miltiorrhiza were determined by HPLC. The colorimeter was used to determine their chromatic values [red-green axis component (a*), yellow-blue axis component (b*),lightness(L*)] and calculate the total color difference value (ΔE). Spearman ’s rho and Kendall ’s Tau-b test were adopted to validate the correlation between processing time ,chromatic value and chemical composition content. RESULTS:The contents of salvianolic acid B ,tanshinone ⅡA and 5-HMF were 17.9-70.6,2.3-3.1,0 mg/g in S. miltiorrhiza decoction pieces ;the contents of them were 14.8-68.4,1.1-3.9,0.7-34.4 mg/g in wine-fried S. miltiorrhiza . The content of salvianolic acid B at first decreased and then increased ,reaching the peak at about 9,11 min,and then gradually decreased ;the content of tanshinone ⅡA increased at first ,reached its peak about 7 min,and then gradually decreased;the content of 5-HMF increased sharply after frying 13 min. The measurement results of chromaticity values were ΔL* -5.369-2.553,Δa* -1.098-0.321, Δb* -1.471- 2.355,ΔE 0.217-5.397. Results of Spearman ’s rho and Kendall ’s Tau-b test showed that ΔE was positively correlated with processing time (the correlation coefficient were 0.517,0.389 respectively)and 5-HMF content (the correlation coefficient were 0.549,0.405 respectively)(both P<0.01). The content of tanshinone ⅡA was negatively correlated with Δb(* the correlation coefficient were -0.509,-0.391 respectively),processing time (the corr elation coefficient were -0.556,-0.420 respectively) and 5-HMF content (the correlation coefficient were -0.545,-0.392 respectively)(both P<0.01). The content of 5-HMF was positively correlated with the processing time (the correlation coefficient were 0.957,0.870 respectively)(both P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS :The contents of tanshinone ⅡA and 5-HMF in the process of wine-fried process are significantly related to the time and color. With the increase of processing time and temperature ,its color changes from red 话:0553-3844333。E-mail:liulj1@126.com yellow to yellow green ,and tends to be black in black and white;the content of tanshinone ⅡA is decreased and the content of 5-HMF is increased.

19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880748

ABSTRACT

The present study was conducted to clarify the therapeutic effect of cornuside on experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) and its influence on T helper 17 (Th17) cell and regulatory T (Treg) cell infiltration into the central nervous system. Rats were randomly placed into four treatment groups: control, EAE, EAE+cornuside, and EAE+prednisolone. The neurological function scores of rats were assessed daily. On the second day after EAE rats began to show neurological deficit symptoms, the four groups were treated with normal saline, normal saline, cornuside (150 mg/kg), and prednisolone (5 mg/kg), respectively. The treatment was discontinued after two weeks, and the spinal cord was obtained for hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) and luxol fast blue staining, as well as retinoic acid receptor-related orphan receptor γ (RORγ) and forkhead box protein P3 (Foxp3) immunohistochemical staining. Blood was collected for Th17 and Treg cell flow cytometry testing, and the serum levels of interleukin (IL)-17A, IL-10, transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β), IL-6, IL-23, and IL-2 were measured via enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Compared with rats in the EAE group, rats in the EAE+cornuside and EAE+prednisolone groups began to recover from neurological deficits earlier, and had a greater degree of improvement of symptoms. Focal inflammation, demyelination, and RORγ-positive cell infiltration were reduced by cornuside or prednisolone treatment, whereas the Foxp3-positive cell numbers were not significantly different. Meanwhile, the number of Th17 cells and the IL-17A, IL-6, and IL-23 levels were lower in the blood after cornuside or prednisolone treatment, whereas the number of Treg cells or the levels of IL-10, TGF-β, and IL-2 were not markedly different. Cornuside can alleviate symptoms of EAE neurological deficits through its anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive effects, and Th17 cells may be one of its therapeutic targets.

20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880548

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate whether the efficacy of Getong Tongluo Capsule (, GTC, consisted of total flavone of Radix Puerariae) on improving patients' quality of life and lowering blood pressure are superior to the extract of Ginkgo biloba (EGB) for patients with convalescent-phase ischemic stroke and primary hypertension.@*METHODS@#This randomized, positive-drug- and placebo-controlled, double-blind trial was conducted from September 2015 to October 2017. Totally 477 eligible patients from 18 hospitals in China were randomly assigned in a 2:1:1 ratio to the following interventions, twice a day for 12 weeks: (1) GTC 250 mg plus EGB-matching placebo 40 mg (237 cases, GTC group), (2) EGB 40 mg plus GTC-matching placebo 250 mg (120 cases, EGB group) or (3) GTC-matching placebo 250 mg plus EGB-matching placebo 40 mg (120 cases, placebo group). Moreover, all patients were orally administered aspirin enteric-coated tablets 100 mg, once a day for 12 weeks. The primary outcome was the Barthel Index (BI). The secondary outcomes included the control rate of blood pressure and National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) scores. The incidence and severity of adverse events (AEs) were calculated and assessed.@*RESULTS@#The BI relative independence rates, the clinical recovery rates of NIHSS, and the total effective rates of NIHSS in the GTC and EGB groups were significantly higher than the placebo group at 12 weeks after treatment (P0.05). The control rate of blood pressure in the GTC group was significantly higher than the EGB and placebo groups at 12, 18 and 24 weeks after treatment (P0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#GTC exhibited significant efficacy in improving patients' quality of life as well as neurological function and controlling hypertension. (Registration No. ChiCTR1800016667).

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