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1.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 75-88, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011013

ABSTRACT

NAD(P)H: quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1) is a flavin protease highly expressed in various cancer cells. NQO1 catalyzes a futile redox cycle in substrates, leading to substantial reactive oxygen species (ROS) production. This ROS generation results in extensive DNA damage and elevated poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase 1 (PARP1)-mediated consumption of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+), ultimately causing cell death. Nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (NAMPT), the rate-limiting enzyme in the NAD+ salvage synthesis pathway, emerges as a critical target in cancer therapy. The concurrent inhibition of NQO1 and NAMPT triggers hyperactivation of PARP1 and intensive NAD+ depletion. In this study, we designed, synthesized, and assessed a novel series of proqodine A derivatives targeting both NQO1 and NAMPT. Among these, compound T8 demonstrated potent antitumor properties. Specifically, T8 selectively inhibited the proliferation of MCF-7 cells and induced apoptosis through mechanisms dependent on both NQO1 and NAMPT. This discovery offers a promising new molecular entity for advancing anticancer research.


Subject(s)
Humans , NAD/metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Reactive Oxygen Species/metabolism , Nicotinamide Phosphoribosyltransferase/metabolism , Cytokines/metabolism , Quinones , Oxidoreductases
2.
JOURNAL OF RARE DISEASES ; (4): 108-113, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006905

ABSTRACT

We studied the patients diagnosed with X-linked hypophosphatemicrickets(XLH) and treated with burosumab in Peking Union Medical College Hospital from January 2021 to December 2022. In addition, we described the clinical characteristics of the patients, the changes of clinical indexes before and after burosumab treatment, and the adverse drug reactions during treatment. We also evaluated the efficacy and safety of burosumab for XLH. The results showed that three children XLH patients and one adult XLH patients received burosumab treatment. After treatment, the serum phosphorus level of all patients increased; the serum phosphorus of 3 children patients increased above the lower limit of the reference value range; the serum alkaline phosphatase(ALP) of all patients was lower than that of before treatment; the serum ALP of one adult patient was close to the normal range after 2.5 years of treatment. One child patient showed small crystals in kidney through ultrasound 48 weeks after treatment; one child and one adult showed increased serum parathyroid hormone(PTH)level before treatment and serum PTH continued increasing after treatment. Finally, it may be concluded that burosumab increased serum phosphorus levels in XLH patients, kept the level relatively stable, and reduced serum ALP levels. No serious adverse reactions occurred during treatment, in order to provide reference for the use of burosumab in patients with XLH.

3.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 160-168, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006567

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the interaction among root fungi of Stellaria dichotoma var. lanceolata, soil factors, and main components of medicinal materials in lithosol habitats. MethodHigh-throughput sequencing technology was employed to determine the fungal community of the root system of S. dichotoma var. lanceolata at different levels (bulk soil, rhizosphere soil, rhizoplane soil, and root interior) and the soil properties of the root system (bulk and rhizosphere), and the relationship among the fungal community, soil properties, and the main components of medicinal materials was analyzed. ResultThe total phosphorus, available phosphorus, alkaline nitrogen, dissolved organic carbon, and soil water content in the rhizosphere soil of S. dichotoma var. lanceolata were slightly higher than those in the rhizosphere, but the difference was not significant. Ascomycota is the dominant phylum of root fungi in S. dichotoma var. lanceolata. In the progressive level of bulk-rhizosphere-rhizoplane-root interior system, although the fungal diversity gradually decreased, the abundance of Hypocreales, a new phylum (unclassified_ k_ Fungi), Helotiales, and Natipusilales gradually increased, among which Hypocreales is the most important fungal group in the root system of S. dichotoma var. lanceolata. The structural equation model (SEM) shows that the physicochemical factors of the root-soil play an important regulatory role in the fungal community and the main components of medicinal herbs, with soil total nitrogen, alkaline nitrogen, soil water content, and pH being the main regulatory factors. Soil nitrogen content is the key to promoting the main components of the medicinal herbs, and Penicillium fungi are the key fungal group to regulate the main components of the medicinal herbs. ConclusionIt highlights that the physicochemical properties of the soil of S. dichotoma var. lanceolata play a crucial role in the fungal community and the components of medicinal materials. Hypocreales fungi in the root of S. dichotoma var. lanceolata were an important group, and Penicillium fungi had a certain role in mediating the components of medicinal materials.

4.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 7-14, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009216

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical effect of unilateral percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) combined with 3D printing technology for the treatment of thoracolumbar osteoporotic compression fracture.@*METHODS@#A total of 77 patients with thoracolumbar osteoporotic compression fractures from October 2020 to April 2022 were included in the study, all of which were vertebral body compression fractures caused by trauma. According to different treatment methods, they were divided into experimental group and control group. Thirty-two patients used 3D printing technology to improve unilateral transpedicle puncture vertebroplasty in the experimental group, there were 5 males and 27 females, aged from 63 to 91 years old with an average of (77.59±8.75) years old. Forty-five patients were treated with traditional bilateral pedicle puncture vertebroplasty, including 7 males and 38 females, aged from 60 to 88 years old with an average of(74.89±7.37) years old. Operation time, intraoperative C-arm X-ray times, anesthetic dosage, bone cement injection amount, bone cement diffusion good and good rate, complications, vertebral height, kyphotic angle (Cobb angle), visual analogue scale(VAS), Oswestry disability index (ODI) and other indicators were recorded before and after surgery, and statistically analyzed.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up for 6 to 23 months, with preoperative imaging studies, confirmed for thoracolumbar osteoporosis compression fractures, two groups of patients with postoperative complications, no special two groups of patients' age, gender, body mass index (BMI), time were injured, the injured vertebral distribution had no statistical difference(P>0.05), comparable data. Two groups of patients with bone cement injection, bone cement dispersion rate, preoperative and postoperative vertebral body height, protruding after spine angle(Cobb angle), VAS, ODI had no statistical difference(P>0.05). The operative time, intraoperative fluoroscopy times and anesthetic dosage were statistically different between the two groups(P<0.05). Compared with the traditional bilateral puncture group, the modified unilateral puncture group combined with 3D printing technology had shorter operation time, fewer intraoperative fluoroscopy times and less anesthetic dosage. The height of anterior vertebral edge, kyphosis angle (Cobb angle), VAS score and ODI of the affected vertebrae were statistically different between two groups at each time point after surgery(P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#In the treatment of thoracolumbar osteoporotic compression fractures, 3D printing technology is used to improve unilateral puncture PVP, which is convenient and simple, less trauma, short operation time, fewer fluoroscopy times, satisfactory distribution of bone cement, vertebral height recovery and kyphotic Angle correction, and good functional improvement.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Fractures, Compression/surgery , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Bone Cements , Treatment Outcome , Vertebroplasty/methods , Kyphosis/surgery , Punctures , Printing, Three-Dimensional , Technology , Osteoporotic Fractures/surgery , Anesthetics , Retrospective Studies , Kyphoplasty/methods
5.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 70-74, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015260

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the role pathway and pattern of the transcription factor myeloma cancer gene (MYC) and its mRNA interaction with microRNA(miRNA, miR) and ciccular RNA(circRNAs) at 0 hour and 6 hour in the rat liver regeneration. Methods The rat 2/3 hepatectomy (partial hepatectomy,PH) model was prepared as described by Higgins, the expression changes of mRNA, miRNA and circRNA together named as competing endogenous RNAs(ceRNA) of remnant liver were detected by the large-scale quantitative detection technology, the interaction network of ceRNA was constructed by Cytoscape 3.2 software, and their correlation in expression and role were analyzed by ceRNA comprehensive analysis. Results It was found that at 0 hour and 6 hours after PH, the ratio value of MYC mRNA showed 0.15±0.03 and 2.36±0.20, miR-540-3p displays 3.00±0.43 and 0.79±0.01, circRNA_04996 showed 1.43±0.43 and 3.14±0.94. At the same time, the four kinds of inflammatory reaction-related genes plasminogen activator urokinase receptor (PLAUR), tumor necrosis factor (TNF), interleukin 1 receptor type 2 (IL1R2), ect, which were prometed in expression by MYC, were down-regulated at 0 hour after PH, but the inflammatory reaction-related genes natriuretic peptide A (NPPA), nuclear receptor subfamily O group B member 2 (NROB2) and peroxisome proliferator activated receptor alpha (PPARA), which were inhibited in expression by MYC, were up-regulated at 0 hour after PH. On the other hand, the three kinds of inflammatory reaction-related genes PLAUR, TNF, IL1R2, ect, which are prometed in expression by MYC, were up-regulated at 6 hours after PH, but the inflammatory reaction-related genes NPPA, NROB2 and PPARA, which were inhibited in expression by MYC, were down-regulated at 6 hours after PH. Conclusion The correlation in expression and role of the miRNA, which are inhibited by circRNAs, MYC, its mRNA is inhibited by miRNAs, and the inflammatory reaction-related genes, which are regulated by MYC, and are helpful for the hepatocyte to be in non-inflammatory reaction state at 0 hour after PH and to be in inflammatory reaction state at 6 hours after PH.

6.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 202-207, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015225

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the role pathway and pattern of the sex determining region box transcription factor 2 (SOX2) and its mRNA interaction with microRNA(miRNAs, miR) and circular RNA(circRNA) at 0 hour and 2 hours in the rat liver regeneration. Methods The rat 2/3 hepatectomy (partial hepatectomy, PH) model was prepared as described by Higgins, the hepatocytes were isolated according to the method of Smedsrod et al, the expression changes of mRNA, miRNA and circRNA [together named as competing endogenous RNAs(ceRNA)] were detected by the large-scale quantitative detection technology, the interaction network of ceRNA was constructed by Cytoscape 3.2 software, and their correlation in expression and role were analyzed by ceRNA comprehensive analysis. Results It was found that at the 0 hour and 2 hours after PH, the ratio value of SOX2 mRNA shows 1.00±0.09 and 2.15±0.48, miR-3558-3p displays 4.53± 0.10 and 0.81±0.16, circRNA_18404 shows 1.24±0.04 and 11.10±0.57, circRNA_18045 displays 1.97±0.47 and 4.44± 0.23. At the same time, the eight kinds of cell dedifferentiation-related genes AT-rich interaction domain 5A (ARID5A), activating transcription factor 3 (ATF3), BTG anti-proliferation factor 2 (BTG2), etc, which are prometed in expression by SOX2, were down-regulated at 0 h after PH, but the cell differentiation-related genes interferon regulatory factor 6 (IRF6) and somatostatin (SST), which are inhibited in expression by SOX2, were up-regulated at 0 hour after PH. On the other hand, the eight kinds of cell dedifferentiation-related genes ARID5A, ATF3, BTG2, etc, which are promoted in expression by SOX2, were up-regulated at 2 hours after PH, but the cell differentiation-related gene SST, which is inhibited in expression by SOX2, was down-regulated, and IRF6 had no meaningful changes in expression at 2 hours after PH. Conclusion The correlation in expression and role of the miRNA, which are inhibited by circRNA, SOX2, its mRNA is inhibited by miRNA, and the cell stem-related genes, which are regulated by SOX2, are helpful for the hepatocyte to be in differentiation state at 0 hour after PH and to be in stem state at 2 hours after PH.

7.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 420-424, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015204

ABSTRACT

[ Abstract] Objective To explore the role pathway and pattern of the Kruppel-like factor 4 (KLF4) and its mRNA interaction with microRNA (miRNAs) and circular RNA (circRNAs) at 0 hour and the 120 th hour in the rat liver regeneration. Methods The rat 2 / 3 hepatectomy (partial hepatectomy, PH) model was prepared as described by Higgins, the hepatocytes were isolated according to the method of Smedsrod et al, the expression changes of mRNA, miRNA and circRNA together named as competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) were detected by the large-scale quantitative detection technology, the interaction network of ceRNA was constructed by Cytoscape 3. 2 software, and their correlation in expression and role were analyzed by ceRNA comprehensive analysis. Results It was found that at the 0 hour and the 120th hour PH, the ratio value of KLF4 mRNA showed 1. 00±0. 16 and 3. 14±0. 27, miR-881-3p displays 18. 30±1. 44 and 0. 47±0. 02, circRNA_20298 indicated 0. 32±0. 10 and 4. 24±0. 22, circRNA_14826 showed 0. 42±0. 13 and 0. 61±0. 08. At the same time, the four kinds of cell apoptosis-related genes adrenoceptor beta 2 (ADRB2), dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolase 2 (DDAH2), annexin A5 (ANXA5), ect, which were promoted in expression by KLF4, were down-regulated at 0 hour after PH, but the cell apoptosis-related genes synuclein gamma (SNCG), glutathione-disulfide reductase (GSR), FYVE, RhoGEF and PH domain containing 4 (FGD4), ect, which were inhibited in expression by KLF4, were up-regulated at 0 hour after PH. On the other hand, the cell apoptosis-related genes ANXA5 and thymosin beta 10 (TMSB10), which are promoted in expression by KLF4, were up-regulated at the 120th hour after PH, but the cell apoptosis-related genes chloride intracellular channel 4 (CLIC4) and ataxin 3 (ATXN3), ect, which were inhibited in expression by KLF4, were down-regulated at the 120th hour after PH. Conclusion The correlation in expression and role of the miRNAs, which are inhibited by circRNAs, KLF4, its mRNA is inhibited by miRNAs, and the cell apoptosis-related genes, which are regulated by KLF4, are helpful for the hepatocyte to be in active state 0 hour after PH and to be in apoptotic state 120-hour after PH.

8.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 41-419, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015194

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the role pathway and pattern of the myeloma cancer gene (MYC) and its mRNA interaction with the microRNAs(miRNAs) and circular RNA(circRNAs) at hour 0, hour 6 and hour 72 in the rat liver regeneration. Methods The rat 2/3 hepatectomy (PH) model was prepared as described by Higgins, the hepatocytes were isolated according to the method of Smedsrod et al. The expression changes of mRNA, miRNA and circRNA [together named as competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA)] were detected by the large-scale quantitative detection technology, the interaction network of ceRNA was constructed by Cytoscape 3.2 software, and their correlation in expression and role were analyzed by ceRNA comprehensive analysis. Results It was found that at hour 0 and hour 6 after PH, the ratio value of MYC mRNA showed 0.15±0.03 and 2.36±0.20, miR-134-5p indicated 3.22±0.61 and 0.08±0.02, circRNA_12112 displayed 0.68±0.21 and 13.35±3.53. At the same time, the cell cycle initiation-related genes ras association domain family member 1 (RASSF1), cyclin dependent kinase 2 (CDK2), superoxide dismutase 2 (SOD2), which were promoted in expression by MYC, were down-regulated at hour 0 after PH, but the cell cycle initiation-related genes nestin (NES), RAD21 cohesin complex component (RAD21), CUE domain containing 2 (CUEDC2), which are inhibieted in expression by MYC, had no meaningful express changes at hour 0 after PH. On the other hand, the cell cycle initiation-related gene SOD2, which was promoted in expression by MYC, was up-regulated at hour 6 after PH, but the cell cycle initiation-related genes NES, RAD21, CUEDC2, which are inhibieted in expression by MYC, were down-regulated at hour 6 after PH. In contrary, at hour 72 after PH, the ratio value of MYC mRNA showed 2.36±0.20, miR-880-3p indicated 0.54±0.01, circRNA_09599 displayd 0.54±0.16. At the same time, the cell cycle termination-related gene hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), which is promoted in expression by MYC, was up-regulated 72 hours after PH, the cell cycle termination-related genes MET proto-oncogene receptor tyrosine kinase (MET) and cyclin dependent kinase inhibitor 1A (CDKN1A), which are inhibieted in expression by MYC, were down-regulated 72 hours after PH. Conclusion The correlation in expression and role of the miRNAs, which are inhibited by circRNAs, MYC, its mRNA is inhibited by miRNAs, and the cell cycle initiation-related and cell cycle termination-related genes, which are regulated by MYC, are helpful for the hepatocyte to be in cell cycle initiation state at hour 6 after PH and to be in cell cycle termination state at hour 72 after PH.

9.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics ; (12): 1008-1017, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014721

ABSTRACT

AIM: To describe and evaluate the clinical characteristics, treatment management and clinical outcomes of ceftazidime-avibactam (CZA) in the treatment of patients with multidrug-resistant gram-negative bacterial (MDR-GNB) infections. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed on patients hospitalized in the Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University from September 2019 to December 2021. Adult patients who received CZA for ≥ 72 hours consecutively were eligible for inclusion. The primary outcome was clinical failure, defined as a composite of 30-day all-cause mortality, microbiological failure and / or failure to resolve or improve signs and symptoms of infection during treatment with CZA. RESULTS: A total of 198 patients with MDR-GNB infections were described and evaluated, including 132 in the carbapenem-resistant Enterobatceriaceae (CRE) cohort and 66 in the Pseudomonas spp. cohort. The main infection sites were lung infection (92.42%), abdominal infection (10.61%), and intracranial infection (10.61%), among which 63 patients (31.82%) were positive for blood culture. Clinical failure, 30-day all-cause mortality and microbiological failure occurred in 61 (30.81%), 33(16.67%) and 11(5.56%) patients, respectively. Body mass index (BMI), acute physiology and chronic health evaluation scoring system (APACHE Ⅱ) and polymicrobial infections were positively associated with clinical outcome failureadjusted OR 1.109, 95%CI 1.017, 1.209; adjusted OR 1.071, 95%CI 1.015, 1.129; adjusted OR 2.844, 95%CI 1.391, 5.814, however, initiation of CZA within 48 hours of admission was protective (adjusted OR 0.424, 95%CI 0.205, 0.879). A total of 15 patients had adverse reactions possibly related to CZA, including 2 cases of rash, 6 cases of nausea and vomiting, and 7 cases of antibiotic-related diarrhea. CONCLUSION: CZA can be used to treat infections caused by a range of MDR-GNB, including Pseudomonas spp. and CRE.

10.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 882-889, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013801

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the effect of echinatin on the non-alcoholic fatty liver disease model of free fatty acids ( FFA) -induced HepG2 cells and its mechanism. Methods The experimental groups were divided into control group, FFA model group and echinatin group (0.3 , 1, 3 μmol • L

11.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1470-1477, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013728

ABSTRACT

Aim To systematically evaluate the heat-clearing mechanism of Arnebiae Radix on two mouse models of blood heat syndrome. Methods The drug-forming molecules were screened by comprehensive network pharmacology methods, and the correlation between drug efficacy and related factors and targets was evaluated on the mouse model of short effect blood heat syndrome constructed by 2, 4-dinitrophenol (DNP) and the mouse model of severe blood heat syndrome (heat stroke) constructed by high temperature combined with lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Results A total of 277 shikonin related targets were collected, mainly involving biological processes such as inflammatory reaction, oxidation reaction and coagulation reaction. Shikonin, a representative compound, significantly improved the main syndromes of mice with blood heat syndrome, reduced the levels of inflammatory factors IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α in the two models, and reduced the contents of oxidative damage indexes LPO and MDA, and the two showed correlation. The main mechanism was to inhibit the expression of NF-ΚB p65 and up-regulate the expression of Nrf2. Conclusions Shikonin plays a pharmacological role in the prevention and treatment of blood heat syndrome by inhibiting inflammation and improving antioxidant capacity, which provides a pharmacological basis for shikonin in the prevention and treatment of blood heat syndrome.

12.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 903-910, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012297

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the effects of preoperative hysteroscopic guided biopsy and segmental diagnosis and curettage on the risk of abdominal dissemination and prognosis of non-endometrioid carcinoma. Methods: The clinical and pathological data of 97 patients who underwent surgical treatment and were pathologically confirmed as non-endometrioid carcinoma (including serous carcinoma, clear cell carcinoma, mixed adenocarcinoma, and undifferentiated carcinoma, etc.) from October 2008 to December 2021 in Peking University People's Hospital, were collected for retrospective analysis. According to preoperative diagnostic methods, they were divided into hysteroscopic group (n=44) and non-hysteroscopic group (n=53). The impact of hysteroscopy examination on peritoneal cytology and prognosis was analyzed. Results: (1) There were no statistical differences in age, body mass index, tumor size, pathological characteristics, and treatment methods between the hysteroscopic group and the non-hysteroscopic group (all P>0.05), but the proportion of stage Ⅰ-Ⅱ patients in the hysteroscopic group was significantly higher than that in the non-hysteroscopic group [68% (30/44) vs 47% (25/53); χ2=4.32, P=0.038]. (2) Among 97 patients, 25 (26%, 25/97) of them were cytologically positive for ascites. The hysteroscopic group had a lower positive rate of peritoneal cytology than that in the non-hysteroscopy group, which was significantly different [11% (5/44) vs 38% (20/53); χ2=8.74, P=0.003]. Stratification according to surgical and pathological stages showed that the positive rate of peritoneal cytology in the hysteroscopic group (3%, 1/30) was lower than that in the non-hysteroscopic group (12%, 3/25) in the 55 patients with stage Ⅰ-Ⅱ, and that in the hysteroscopic group (4/14) was also lower than that in the non-hysteroscopic group (61%, 17/28) in the 42 patients with stage Ⅲ-Ⅳ. There were no significant differences (all P>0.05). (3) The 5-year disease-free survival (DFS) rate of the hysteroscopic group and the non-hysteroscopic group were respectively 72.7% and 60.4%, and there was no significant difference between the two groups (P=0.186). After stratification according to staging, the 5-year DFS rate were respectively 90.0% and 72.0% (P=0.051) between the hysteroscopic and non-hysteroscopic groups of patients in stage Ⅰ-Ⅱ, and 35.7% and 50.0% (P=0.218) between the hysteroscopic and non-hysteroscopic groups of patients in stage Ⅲ-Ⅳ, in which there were not statistically significant differences. The 5-year overall survival (OS) rate were respectively 86.4% and 81.1% between the hysteroscopic group and the non-hysteroscopic group, with no significant difference between the two groups (P=0.388). The 5-year OS rate were respectively 93.3% and 96.0% in the hysteroscopic group and non-hysteroscopic group for patients with stage Ⅰ-Ⅱ(P=0.872), and 71.4% and 67.9% in the hysteroscopic group and non-hysteroscopic group in patients with stage Ⅲ-Ⅳ (P=0.999), with no statistical significance. Conclusions: Diagnostic hysteroscopy do not increase the rate of positive peritoneal cytology result at the time of surgery in this cohort, and no significant correlation between preoperative hysteroscopy examination and poor prognosis of non-endometrioid carcinoma is observed. Therefore, preoperative hysteroscopic guided biopsy and segmental diagnosis and curettage in non-endometrioid carcinoma maybe safe.


Subject(s)
Female , Pregnancy , Humans , Endometrial Neoplasms/pathology , Retrospective Studies , Hysteroscopy/methods , Cell Biology , Prognosis , Carcinoma , Neoplasm Staging
13.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 733-741, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012282

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the relationships between molecular types of the cancer genome atlas (TCGA) of patients with endometrial carcinoma (EC) and lymph node metastasis and other clinicopathological features. Methods: The clinical pathological information of 295 patients with EC who underwent initial inpatient surgical treatment and accepted the detection of the molecular types of TCGA with next-generation sequencing technology at Peking University People's Hospital were collected during April 2016 and May 2022. The TCGA molecular typing of EC was divided into four types: POLE-ultramutated (15 cases), high microsatellite instability (MSI-H; 50 cases), copy-number low (CNL; 175 cases), and copy-number high (CNH; 55 cases). The differences of clinical pathological features among different molecular types and the risk factors of lymph node metastasis were analyzed retrospectively. Results: Among 295 patients with EC, the average age was (56.9±0.6) years. (1) There was a statistically significant difference in lymph node metastasis (0, 8.0%, 10.3% and 25.5%) among the four molecular types (χ2=12.524, P=0.006). There were significant differences in age, stage, pathological type, grade (only endometrioid carcinoma), myometrium invasion, lymphatic vascular space infiltration, and estrogen receptor among the EC patients of four molecular types (all P<0.05). Among them, while in the patients with CNH type, the pathological grade was G3, the pathological type was non-endometrioid carcinoma, and the proportion of myographic infiltration depth ≥1/2 were higher (all P<0.05). (2) Univariate analysis suggested that pathological type, grade, myometrium infiltration depth, cervical interstitial infiltration, lymphatic vascular space infiltration, and progesterone receptor were all factors which significantly influence lymph node metastasis (all P<0.01); multivariate analysis suggested that the lymphatic vascular space infiltration was an independent risk factor for lymph node metastasis (OR=5.884, 95%CI: 1.633-21.211; P=0.007). (3) The factors related to lymph node metastasis were different in patients with different molecular types. In the patients with MSI-H, the non-endometrioid carcinoma of pathological type was independent risk factor for lymph node metastasis (OR=29.010, 95%CI: 2.067-407.173; P=0.012). In the patients with CNL, myometrium infiltration depth≥1/2 (OR=4.995, 95%CI: 1.225-20.376; P=0.025), lymphatic vascular space infiltration (OR=14.577, 95%CI: 3.603-58.968; P<0.001) were the independent risk factors for lymph node metastasis. While in the CNH type patients pathological type of non-endometrioid carcinoma (OR=7.451, 95%CI: 1.127-49.281; P=0.037), cervical interstitial infiltration (OR=22.938, 95%CI: 1.207-436.012; P=0.037), lymphatic vascular space infiltration (OR=9.404, 95%CI: 1.609-54.969; P=0.013), were the independent risk factors for lymph node metastasis. Conclusions: POLE-ultramutated EC patients have the lowest risk of lymph node metastasis, and CNH patients have the highest risk of lymph node metastasis. The risk factors of lymph node metastasis of different molecular types are different. According to preoperative pathological and imaging data, lymph node metastasis is more likely to occur in patients with non-endometrioid carcinoma in MSI-H and CNH type patients, and lymph node metastasis is more likely to occur in patients with myometrium infiltration depth ≥1/2 in CNL type patients.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Carcinoma, Endometrioid/pathology , Endometrial Neoplasms/pathology , Lymph Node Excision , Lymph Nodes/pathology , Lymphatic Metastasis/pathology , Neoplasm Staging , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Risk Assessment , Molecular Typing
14.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 3817-3833, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011140

ABSTRACT

Chronic inflammation is critical in the onset and progression of atherosclerosis (AS). The lipopolysaccharide (LPS) level in the circulation system is elevated in AS patients and animal models, which is correlated with the severity of AS. Inspired by the underlying mechanism that LPS could drive the polarization of macrophages toward the M1 phenotype, aggravate inflammation, and ultimately contribute to the exacerbation of AS, LPS in the circulation system was supposed to be the therapeutic target for AS treatment. In the present study, polymyxin (PMB) covalently conjugated to PEGylated liposomes (PLPs) were formulated to adsorb LPS through specific interactions between PMB and LPS. In vitro, the experiments demonstrated that PLPs could adsorb LPS, reduce the polarization of macrophages to M1 phenotype and inhibit the formation of foam cells. In vivo, the study revealed that PLPs treatment reduced the serum levels of LPS and pro-inflammatory cytokines, decreased the proportion of M1-type macrophages in AS plaque, stabilized AS plaque, and downsized the plaque burdens in arteries, which eventually attenuated the progression of AS. Our study highlighted LPS in the circulation system as the therapeutic target for AS and provided an alternative strategy for AS treatment.

15.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 1170-1185, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010819

ABSTRACT

OX40 is a costimulatory receptor that is expressed primarily on activated CD4+, CD8+, and regulatory T cells. The ligation of OX40 to its sole ligand OX40L potentiates T cell expansion, differentiation, and activation and also promotes dendritic cells to mature to enhance their cytokine production. Therefore, the use of agonistic anti-OX40 antibodies for cancer immunotherapy has gained great interest. However, most of the agonistic anti-OX40 antibodies in the clinic are OX40L-competitive and show limited efficacy. Here, we discovered that BGB-A445, a non-ligand-competitive agonistic anti-OX40 antibody currently under clinical investigation, induced optimal T cell activation without impairing dendritic cell function. In addition, BGB-A445 dose-dependently and significantly depleted regulatory T cells in vitro and in vivo via antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity. In the MC38 syngeneic model established in humanized OX40 knock-in mice, BGB-A445 demonstrated robust and dose-dependent antitumor efficacy, whereas the ligand-competitive anti-OX40 antibody showed antitumor efficacy characterized by a hook effect. Furthermore, BGB-A445 demonstrated a strong combination antitumor effect with an anti-PD-1 antibody. Taken together, our findings show that BGB-A445, which does not block OX40-OX40L interaction in contrast to clinical-stage anti-OX40 antibodies, shows superior immune-stimulating effects and antitumor efficacy and thus warrants further clinical investigation.


Subject(s)
Mice , Animals , Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor/physiology , Receptors, OX40 , Membrane Glycoproteins , Ligands , Antibodies, Monoclonal/pharmacology , Antineoplastic Agents/pharmacology
16.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 1749-1761, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010616

ABSTRACT

Integrating multisensory inputs to generate accurate perception and guide behavior is among the most critical functions of the brain. Subcortical regions such as the amygdala are involved in sensory processing including vision and audition, yet their roles in multisensory integration remain unclear. In this study, we systematically investigated the function of neurons in the amygdala and adjacent regions in integrating audiovisual sensory inputs using a semi-chronic multi-electrode array and multiple combinations of audiovisual stimuli. From a sample of 332 neurons, we showed the diverse response patterns to audiovisual stimuli and the neural characteristics of bimodal over unimodal modulation, which could be classified into four types with differentiated regional origins. Using the hierarchical clustering method, neurons were further clustered into five groups and associated with different integrating functions and sub-regions. Finally, regions distinguishing congruent and incongruent bimodal sensory inputs were identified. Overall, visual processing dominates audiovisual integration in the amygdala and adjacent regions. Our findings shed new light on the neural mechanisms of multisensory integration in the primate brain.


Subject(s)
Animals , Macaca , Acoustic Stimulation , Auditory Perception/physiology , Visual Perception/physiology , Amygdala/physiology , Photic Stimulation
17.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 929-933, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008148

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the influencing factors of Bethesda Ⅲ results in fine-needle aspiration biopsy of thyroid nodules.Methods A total of 300 thyroid nodules with cytological diagnosis results were analyzed retrospectively,including 100 Bethesda Ⅲ nodules and 50 nodules of Bethesda Ⅱ,Ⅳ,Ⅴ,and Ⅵ categories,respectively.Univariate analysis and Logistic regression analysis were performed on the clinical data of patients and the ultrasound signs of thyroid nodules to clarify the factors influencing the diagnosis of Bethesda Ⅲ nodules.Results Univariate analysis showed that Bethesda Ⅲ nodules were mostly adjacent to the capsule(P<0.001),with no blood flow in the color Doppler assessment(P=0.011)and lack of blood supply(P=0.033)and maximum diameter ≤0.9 cm(P=0.038)as revealed by the contrast-enhanced ultrasound.Logistic regression showed that the position close to the capsule(OR=5.110,95%CI=2.153-12.130,P<0.001)and color Doppler without blood flow signal(OR=3.015,95%CI=1.094-8.311,P=0.033)were independent risk factors for the diagnosis of Bethesda Ⅲ nodules.Conclusions The puncture difficulty caused by the dangerous position of thyroid nodules close to the capsule and the aspiration difficulty caused by the absence of blood flow signal in color Doppler are the main factors influencing the diagnosis of Bethesda Ⅲ nodules.Therefore,corresponding avoidance measures should be taken during the aspiration process to reduce the diagnosis results of Bethesda Ⅲ nodules.


Subject(s)
Humans , Thyroid Nodule/diagnostic imaging , Thyroid Neoplasms/diagnosis , Biopsy, Fine-Needle/methods , Retrospective Studies , Ultrasonography/methods
18.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 853-858, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008140

ABSTRACT

With the continuous advances in modern medical technology and equipment,minimally invasive surgery (MIS) is widely applied in clinical practice.Ultrasound (US) as a real-time,portable,and radiation-free medical imaging method can be used for the intraoperative guidance in MIS to ensure safe and effective surgery.However,the physical characteristics of conventional US fail to display some tissue structures of the human body due to the existence of gas and bone.US-based navigation can make up for the deficiencies by advanced imaging technologies including spatial orientation,image reconstruction,and multi-modality image fusion,being real-time,accurate,and radiation-free.Therefore,US-guided robots can achieve safe,effective,and minimally invasive operation in MIS.This paper reviews the studies of US-guided robots in MIS and prospects the development of this field.


Subject(s)
Humans , Robotics/methods , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures/methods , Ultrasonography , Spinal Fusion/methods , Ultrasonography, Interventional/methods
19.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 803-808, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008133

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of calcification on the ultrasound-guided radiofrequency ablation(RFA)of papillary thyroid carcinoma(PTC).Methods We retrospectively analyzed the preoperative and follow-up data of 164 patients(182 nodules)with PTC treated by percutaneous ultrasound-guided RFA in the First Medical Center of Chinese PLA General Hospital from January 1,2018 to December 31,2021.The tumor status 12 months after RFA was taken as the endpoint event.The univariate Logistic regression analysis was employed to predict the influencing factors of incomplete ablation.The factors were then included in the multivariate Logistic regression analysis for prediction of the independent risk factors of incomplete ablation.Results The maximum nodule diameter(OR=1.16,95%CI=1.04-1.29,P=0.009)and calcification ratio >2/3(OR=19.27,95%CI=4.02-92.28,P<0.001)were the factors influencing the disappearance of lesion 12 months after RFA.Conclusions PTC with calcification can be treated with ultrasound-guided RFA.In the case of calcification ratio ≤ 2/3,this therapy demonstrates the effect equivalent to that of no calcification.


Subject(s)
Humans , Thyroid Cancer, Papillary/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Radiofrequency Ablation/methods , Calcinosis , Thyroid Neoplasms/pathology , Ultrasonography, Interventional
20.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 672-676, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008115

ABSTRACT

Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is the most common pathological type of thyroid cancer,accounting for 90%.Most cases of PTC are inert tumors,while a few are invasive.Cervical lymph node metastasis is one of the major manifestations of invasive PTC.Preoperative accurate prediction of cervical lymph node metastasis is of great significance for the selection of therapeutic regimen and the evaluation of prognosis.New ultrasound technology is a non-invasive,convenient,and radiation-free examination method,playing a key role in predicting the cervical lymph node metastasis of PTC.This paper reviews the research status and makes an outlook on new ultrasound technology in predicting cervical lymph node metastasis of PTC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Thyroid Cancer, Papillary/diagnostic imaging , Lymphatic Metastasis/diagnostic imaging , Carcinoma, Papillary/diagnostic imaging , Thyroid Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Technology
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