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Int. braz. j. urol ; 49(1): 136-142, Jan.-Feb. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1421711


ABSTRACT Objective: Robotic intracorporeal neobladder reconstruction is a complex procedure in which the approximation of the reservoir to the urethral stump can be a demanding step. The aim of the study is to evaluate the reproducibility of a modified posterior reconstruction (PR) during the reconfiguration of intracorporeal neobladder after robot assisted radical cystectomy (RARC). Materials and Methods: From July 2021 to July 2022, 35 RARC were performed, and 17 patients underwent intracorporeal neobladder reconstruction. A PR was planned in males (14). Intra- and peri-operative data were collected. Surgical technique: RARC and node dissection are performed. Afterwards, 40-cm ileal segment is isolated; the portion with the more adequate mesenteric length is brought down to the pelvis. A modified PR is performed with a double-armed barbed suture: a first layer connects the Denonvillier's fascia to the rhabdosphincter in a running fashion; the second layer is created with the other arm and approximates the posterior side of the ileal segment towards the urethral stump. In the anterior caudal part of the ileum, a 1.5-cm incision is made to realize the neobladder neck; the neovesical-urethral anastomosis is performed with a second bidirectional suture. Results: Anastomotic and PR time were 14 (range 7-20) and 5 minutes (4-8), respectively. A single Clavien IIIa complication was recorded in a patient who underwent NAC and had a C. albicans superinfection in the post-operative course. All patients were discharged with complete or acceptable bladder voiding. Twelve patients with follow-up >90-days reported a satisfying daytime continence. Conclusions: PR represents a simple technical refinement that improves neobladder-urethral anastomosis by favoring ileal approximation to the urethral stump and decreasing anastomotic tension.

Int. braz. j. urol ; 48(2): 328-335, March-Apr. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364937


ABSTRACT Objectives: To compare thulium laser enucleation of prostate (ThuLEP) versus laparoscopic trans-vesical simple prostatectomy (LSP) in the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Materials and Methods: Data of patients who underwent surgery for "large" BPH (>80mL) at three Institutions were collected and analyzed. Two institutions performed ThuLEP only; the third institution performed LSP only. Preoperative (indwelling catheter status, prostate volume (PVol), hemoglobin (Hb), Qmax, post-voiding residual volume (PVR), IPSS, QoL, IIEF-5) and perioperative data (operative time, enucleated adenoma, catheterization time, length of stay, Hb-drop, complications) were compared. Functional (Qmax, PVR, %ΔQmax) and patient-reported outcomes (IPSS, QoL, IIEF-5, %ΔIPSS, %ΔQoL) were compared at last follow-up. Results: 80 and 115 patients underwent LSP and ThuLEP, respectively. At baseline, median PVol was 130 versus 120mL, p <0.001; Qmax 9.6 vs. 7.1mL/s, p=0.005; IPSS 21 versus 25, p <0.001. Groups were comparable in terms of intraoperative complications (1 during LSP vs. 3 during ThuLEP) and transfusions (1 per group). Differences in terms of operative time (156 vs. 92 minutes, p <0.001), Hb-drop (-2.5 vs. −0.9g/dL, p <0.001), catheterization time (5 vs. 2 days, p <0.001) and postoperative complications (13.8% vs. 0, p <0.001) favored ThuLEP. At median follow-up of 40 months after LSP versus 30 after ThuLEP (p <0.001), Qmax improved by 226% vs. 205% (p=0.5), IPSS decreased by 88% versus 85% (p=0.9), QoL decreased by 80% with IIEF-5 remaining almost unmodified for both the approaches. Conclusions: Our analysis showed that LSP and ThuLEP are comparable in relieving from BPO and improving the patient-reported outcomes. Invasiveness of LSP is more significant.

Humans , Male , Prostatic Hyperplasia/surgery , Prostatic Hyperplasia/complications , Laparoscopy , Laser Therapy , Lasers, Solid-State/therapeutic use , Prostate/surgery , Prostatectomy , Quality of Life , Thulium/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome