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Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-220293


Behcet’s disease is a systemic vasculitis of the vessels for all calibers, touching arterial and venous territories. The causes of disease are unknow. BD reaches young age subjects from 10 to 45 years and affects both men and women. BD is ubiquitous but more frequent in patients from Mediterranean basin, the middle East and Asia. The diagnosis of BD is essentially clinical. The diagnostic criteria make it possible to carry the diagnosis with good sensitivity and specifity. BD evolves by recurrent inflammatory attack. BD can affect all of the organs; cardiacs manifestations are dominated by intracardiac thrombosis, the damage of three tunics, coronaryarteritis with or without myocardial infarction, coronaries aneurysms and endomyocardial fibrosis. The vascular manifestations are dominated by arterial or venous thrombosis. The presence of dilated cardiomyopathy with reduced left ventricular ejection fraction is rare. It can be explained by ischemic or inflammatory origin by cytokines. We report a case of young woman aged of 33 years to the history of 3 episodes of bipolar aphtae which presented dilated cardiomyopathy with reduced left ventricular function, biventricular thrombosis, bilateral distal pulmonary embolism with pulmonary infarction.

Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 71(4): 1260-1268, jul.-ago. 2019. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1038602


O estudo objetivou avaliar a qualidade seminal de caprinos das raças Canindé (autóctone) e Alpina Britânica (exótica) no Nordeste brasileiro. O experimento foi realizado nos períodos de julho a setembro dos anos de 2015 e 2016. As coletas seminais foram realizadas com auxílio de vagina artificial, de machos das raças Canindé (n = 4) e Alpina Britânica (n = 7). Após a coleta, o sêmen foi avaliado quanto a: volume (ml), concentração (sptz/ml), motilidade (%) e vigor (1-5). Em seguida, diluído em ACP-101c e criopreservado em máquina TK3000TM. Posteriormente, foram analisados os parâmetros cinéticos, através do software SCA®, e a atividade mitocondrial. No sêmen fresco, as duas raças apresentaram valores de motilidade e concentração dentro do preconizado para a espécie. Entretanto, os valores de volume e circunferência escrotal foram superiores na raça Alpina Britânica (0,73 ml ± 0,32; 27,35 cm ± 2,09) do que na raça Canindé (0,36 ml ± 0,07; 23,25 cm ± 0,95) (p < 0,05). Já no sêmen descongelado, os parâmetros motilidade total - MT (36,96% ± 11,16 vs. 20,50% ± 14,15), motilidade progressiva - MP (26,67% ± 11,13 vs. 11,29% ± 9,42), vigor (2,91 ± 0,90 vs. 1,88 ± 0,67), velocidade curvilinear - VCL (78,12 µm/s ± 12,41 vs. 59,28 µm/s ± 15,57), velocidade linear - VSL (49,23 µm/s ± 9,87 vs. 29,9 µm/s ± 9,48), velocidade média da trajetória - VAP (66,08 µm/s ± 12,77 vs. 45,70 µm/s ± 12,20), linearidade - LIN (62,97% ± 6,96 vs. 49,54%±9,50), retilinearidade - STR (74,63% ± 6,44 vs. 65,77% ± 8,92), e oscilação - WOB (84,32% ± 5,94 vs. 74,42% ± 7,31) foram superiores para a raça Canindé em detrimento à Alpina Britânica (p < 0,05). Portanto, o sêmen fresco das duas raças podem ser utilizados em biotécnicas reprodutivas. Já o sêmen pós-descongelação da raça Canindé apresentou melhor qualidade, provavelmente pelos animais estarem mais adaptados às condições adversas da região Nordeste, sendo recomendado para programas de inseminação artificial.(AU)

The objective of this study was to evaluate the sperm quality of Canindé (native) and British Alpine (exotic) goats in the Northeast of Brazil. The experiment was carried out from July to September of the years 2015 and 2016. Sperm collections of Canindé (n = 4) and British Alpine (n = 7) males were performed using artificial vagina. After collection, the sperm was evaluated for volume (ml), concentration (sptz/ml), motility (%), and vigor (1-5). Then diluted in ACP-101c and cryopreserved in TK3000TM machine. Subsequently, kinetic parameters were analyzed through SCA TM software and mitochondrial activity. In fresh sperm, the two races presented values of motility and concentration within the recommended for the specie. However, volume and scrotal circumference values were higher in the British Alpine breed (0.73 mL ± 0.32; 27.35 cm ± 2.09) than in the Canindé breed (0.36 mL ± 0.07; 23 , 25 cm ± 0.95) (p <0.05). In the thawed sperm, the parameters total motility - TM (36.96% ± 11.16 vs. 20.50% ± 14.15), progressive motility - PM (26.67% ± 11.13 vs. 11.29 % ± 9.42), vigor (2.91 ± 0.90 vs. 1.88 ± 0.67), curvilinear velocity - VCL (78.12 µm/s ± 12.41 vs. 59.28 µm/s ± 15.57), linear velocity - VSL (49.23 µm/s ± 9.87 vs. 29.9 µm/s ± 9.48), mean velocity of the trajectory - VAP (66.08 µm/s ± 12.77 vs. 45.70 µm/s ± 12.20), linearity - LIN (62.97% ± 6.96 vs. 49.54% ± 9.50), rectilinearity - STR (74.63% ± 6.44 vs. 65.77% ± 8.92), and oscillation -WOB (84.32% ± 5.94 vs. 74.42% ± 7.31) were higher for Canindé breed than for British Alpine ( p < 0.05). Therefore, fresh sperm from both breeds can be used in reproductive biotechniques. On the other hand, the post-thawed sperm of the Canindé breed showed better quality, probably because the animals were more adapted to the adverse conditions of the Northeast region and are recommended for artificial insemination programs.(AU)

Animals , Male , Ruminants , Semen Analysis/veterinary , Species Specificity , Cryopreservation/veterinary , Mitochondria/ultrastructure
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec ; 68(3): 651-657, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: lil-785705


O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a qualidade in vitro do sêmen criopreservado de cães naturalmente infectados por Leishmania sp. Foram coletadas amostras de sêmen de 12 cães, sendo seis positivos (GI) e seis negativos (GII) para leishmaniose visceral (LV), semanalmente, totalizando quatro coletas por animal. O sêmen criopreservado foi avaliado pelo teste de termorresistência rápida (TTR), nos tempos zero, 30 e 60 minutos, pela análise computadorizada (CASA) e por meio de sondas fluorescentes; esta última técnica com o intuito de avaliar a integridade das membranas espermáticas. Houve diferença estatística pela técnica de TTR no parâmetro motilidade progressiva, no tempo 0min (68,33% GI e 72,50% GII), e no vigor espermático (2,67 GI e 3,0 GII), no tempo 30min. Quanto ao CASA, houve diferença estatística apenas na motilidade total (27,50% GI e 57,08% GII), embora os demais parâmetros seminais tenham apresentado valores relativos diminuídos nos cães do GI. Nas análises com sondas fluorescentes, foram observadas diferenças estatísticas entre os grupos quanto à integridade das membranas plasmática e acrossomal e ao potencial mitocondrial das células espermáticas. Concluiu-se que a LV pode comprometer a qualidade do sêmen criopreservado de cães parasitados.(AU)

The aim of this study was to evaluate the in vitro quality of cryopreserved semen of dogs naturally infected by Leishmania sp. 12 dog semen samples were collected, with 06 positive (GI) and 06 negative (GII) for Visceral Leishmaniasis (LV), weekly, totaling 04 collections per animal. The cryopreserved semen was evaluated by the Rapid Termorresistência Test (TTR), at 0, 30 and 60 minutes by computer analysis (CASA) and by means of fluorescent probes, the latter technique in order to assess the integrity of the sperm membrane. There was no statistical difference for the TTR technique in the progressive motility parameter, at time 0min (68.33% GI and GII 72.50%), and sperm vigor (2.67 GI and GII 3.0), time 30min. As for the CASA, there was statistical difference only in total motility (27.50% GI and GII 57.08%), although other semen parameters have submitted lower figures for GI dogs. In the analyzes with fluorescent probes statistical differences were noted between the groups in terms of plasma membrane integrity and acrosomal and mitochondrial potential of sperm cells. It was concluded that LV can compromise the quality of cryopreserved semen of infected dogs.(AU)

Animals , Dogs , Cell Membrane , Cryopreservation/veterinary , Leishmaniasis, Visceral/veterinary , Semen Analysis/veterinary , Fertility , Leishmania , Sperm Capacitation , Sperm Motility
Rev. bras. plantas med ; 14(1): 26-33, 2012. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-644610


The effects of thymol and carvacrol and the essential oil of Lippia gracilis on caulinary shoots of heliconia were evaluated. After disinfection, the shoots were inoculated into MS medium and subjected to the treatments with 420 µL L-1 of essential oil (EO) of L. gracilis; 420 µL L-1 of thymol; 420 µL L-1 of carvacrol; 210 µL L-1 of thymol and 210 µL L-1 of carvacrol. The control treatment consisted of the MS medium without any phytoregulators. The main components of EO from L. gracilis are carvacrol, ρ-cimene, and thymol. Seven days after the initiation of the experiments, 36.3% of the control treatment shoots were necrotized, but 90% of the caulinary shoots exposed to EO, thymol, or carvacrol appeared necrotized. Transmission electron microscopy of the shoots revealed that the treatment with EO, thymol, or carvacrol caused the destruction of the plasma cell membranes, and the cell organelles and the nucleus were hardly evident. The EO and its main constituent were toxic to caulinary shoots of heliconia.

O efeito do timol, carvacrol e óleo essencial de Lippia gracilis foi observado sobre ápices caulinares de heliconia. Após a desinfestação os ápices foram inoculados em meio MS com os tratamentos de 420 µL L-1 do óleo essencial (OE) de L. gracilis; 420 µL L-1 de timol; 420 µL L-1 de carvacrol; 210 µg L-1 de timol e 210 µL L-1 de carvacrol. O tratamento controle consistiu de meio MS sem fitorreguladores. Os principais componentes do OE foram carvacrol, ρ-cimeno e timol. Sete dias após o início do experimento 36,3% dos ápices submetidos ao tratamento controle e 90% dos ápices caulinares expostos ao EO, timol ou carvacrol necrosaram. A microscopia eletrônica de transmissão dos ápices caulinares revelou que os tratamentos com OE, timol e carvacrol provocaram desestruturação da membrana plasmática das células. As organelas e o núcleo não estavam evidentes. O OE e seus principais constituintes foram tóxico para os ápices caulinares de helicônias.

Oils, Volatile/adverse effects , Rosmarinus/classification , Heliconiaceae/classification , Monoterpenes , Microbiology , Anti-Infective Agents