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Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 258-260, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992500


Patients with abdominal surgery history always present different degrees of abdominal adhesion. In the past, it was regarded as a relative contraindication of laparoscopic surgery. With the development of minimally invasive concept, reoperative minimally invasive surgery is proposed in clinic to avoid huge trauma caused by multiple open surgeries. In June 2022, a laparoscopic assisted ileostomy reduction was performed for a patient with history of multiple abdominal injuries in Shanghai Changzheng Hospital. Minimally invasive achieved after huge trauma, and it maximized the benefit to the patient.

Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 526-531, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990670


Objective:To investigate the influencing factors of anastomotic leakage after laparoscopic intersphincter resection (ISR) for extremely low rectal cancer and construction of nomogram prediction model.Methods:The retrospective case-control study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 812 patients who underwent laparoscopic ISR for extremely low rectal cancer in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Naval Medical University (Shanghai Changzheng Hospital) from February 2012 to February 2022 were collected. There were 459 males and 353 females, aged (51±11)years. Observation indicators: (1) surgical situations; (2) follow-up; (3) influencing factors of postoperative anastomotic leakage; (4) construction and evaluation of nomogram prediction model for postoperative anastomotic leakage. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD, and measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M(range). Count data were described as absolute numbers. The COX proportional hazard model was used for univariate and multivariate analyses. The R software(3.5.1 version) was used to construct nomogram prediction model. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was drawn and the area under curve (AUC) was used to evaluate the efficacy of the nomogram prediction model. The Bootstrap method was used for internal verification and to calculate the average consistency index (C-index). Results:(1) Surgical situations. All 812 patients underwent laparoscopic ISR for extremely low rectal cancer, including 388 cases undergoing partial ISR, 218 cases undergoing subtotal ISR and 206 cases undergoing complete ISR. All 812 patients underwent ileal protective ostomy, and there were 306 cases with double anastomosis and 203 cases with left colic artery preserved, respectively. The operation time and volume of intraoperative blood loss of 812 patients was (179±33)minutes and (33±13)mL, respectively. (2) Follow-up. All 812 patients were followed up for (13.5±0.9)months. Of the 812 patients, there were 62 cases with postoperative anastomotic leakage and the healing time of these cases was (33±6)days. (3) Influencing factors of postoperative anastomotic leakage. Results of multivariate analysis showed that male, neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy, failure of reser-ving left colic artery were independent risk factors of anastomotic leakage after laparoscopic ISR for extremely low rectal cancer ( hazard ratio=5.98, 4.00, 16.26, 95% confidence interval as 1.66-24.12, 1.30-12.42, 3.00-90.89, P<0.05). (4) Construction and evaluation of nomogram prediction model for postoperative anastomotic leakage. According to the results of multivariate analysis, male, neoadju-vant chemoradiotherapy and failure of reserving left colic artery were used to construct the nomogram prediction model for anastomotic leakage after laparoscopic ISR for extremely low rectal cancer, and the score of these indexes in the nomogram prediction model was 50, 49, 93, respectively. The total score of these index corresponded to the incidence rate of anastomotic leakage. Results of ROC curve showed that the AUC of nomogram prediction model of anastomotic leakage after laparoscopic ISR for extremely low rectal cancer was 0.87 (95% confidence interval as 0.80-0.93, P<0.05), with sensi-tivity and specificity 0.96 and 0.60, respectively. Results of internal verification showed that the C-index of nomogram prediction model was 0.87. Conclusion:Male, neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy, failure of reserving left colic artery are independent risk factors of anastomotic leakage after laparo-scopic ISR for extremely low rectal cancer, and the nomogram prediction model based on these indexes can predict the incidence rate of postoperative anastomotic leakage.

Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 205-208, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-425178


Objective To study the color Doppler ultrasound image characteristics and ultrasonic diagnosis classification of Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS),so as to facilitate the treatment choice.Methods The clinical material of 126 BCS patients were retrospectively analyzed.All patients were proved by angiography,intervention or surgical treatment,and were classified according to the main color Doppler ultrasound images.Results According to the image characteristics of color Doppler ultrasound,BCS patients were divided into eight types:type Ⅰ,incomplete membrane of inferior vena cava in 30 cases; type Ⅱ,complete membrane of inferior vena cava in 3 cases;type Ⅲ,stenosis of inferior vena cava in 8 patients;type Ⅳ,inferior vena cava obstruction in 3 patients;type Ⅴ,stenosis of big hepatic vein in 20 cases;type Ⅵ,big hepatic vein obstruction in 15 cases; type Ⅶ,extensive obstruction of small hepatic vein in 9 cases; type Ⅷ,38 cases of mixed lesions.Conclusions Color Doppler ultrasound can display the stenosis or obstruction of the inferior vena cava,hepatic vein with property,position,degree and the hemodynamic changes,which are accurate and reliable to the diagnosis and classification of BCS.

Chinese Journal of Cancer ; (12): 507-518, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-295878


The growing demand for new therapeutic strategies in the medical and pharmaceutic fields has resulted in a pressing need for novel druggable targets. Paradoxically, however, the targets of certain drugs that are already widely used in clinical practice have largely not been annotated. Because the pharmacologic effects of a drug can only be appreciated when its interactions with cellular components are clearly delineated, an integrated deconvolution of drug-target interactions for each drug is necessary. The emerging field of chemical proteomics represents a powerful mass spectrometry (MS)-based affinity chromatography approach for identifying proteome-wide small molecule-protein interactions and mapping these interactions to signaling and metabolic pathways. This technique could comprehensively characterize drug targets, profile the toxicity of known drugs, and identify possible off-target activities. With the use of this technique, candidate drug molecules could be optimized, and predictable side effects might consequently be avoided. Herein, we provide a holistic overview of the major chemical proteomic approaches and highlight recent advances in this area as well as its potential applications in drug discovery.

Humans , Chromatography, Affinity , Drug Delivery Systems , Methods , Drug Design , Drug Discovery , Methods , Mass Spectrometry , Proteome , Chemistry , Proteomics , Methods , Small Molecule Libraries , Chemistry
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 312-315, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-412591


Objective To explore the surgical strategy and effects for treating complex malignant tumors of the inferior vena cava (IVC) or/and the tumors extending into right atrium/ventricle.Methods Between Dec 2004 and Jul 2008, eight patients underwent surgical resections, among those seven patients with tumors of IVC or the tumors extending into right atrium/ventricle were operated on under deep hypothermia with cardiopulmonary bypass( CPB), and one patient with recurrence of leiomyosarcoma of the IVC successfully underwent en bloc resection and caval reconstruction. The prosthetic graft was used for IVC reconstruction in two patients and vascular patch in the other two patients. Preoperative chest roentgenography, computed tomography, ultrasonography, or magnetic resonance imaging was used to exclude the presence of metastatic disease, to assess local resectability of the tumour and the extent of involvement and obstruction of the IVC. Results One patient died of liver failure postoperatively. The postoperative course was uneventful in other 7 patients. On follow-up two patients died 2 and 5 months later due to functional disorder of the liver. Three patients have been followed up for 14 - 24 months and were

Chinese Medical Sciences Journal ; (4): 91-96, 2009.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-302642


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of interferon regulatory factors (IRFs) on neointimal formation after vascular injury in the mouse, and its possible mechanism.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Vascular injury was induced by polyethylene cuff placement around the left femoral artery of IRF-1-deficient mice and C57BL/6J mice. The mRNA expressions of IRF-1, IRF-2, angiotensin II type 2 (AT2) receptor, interleukin-1 beta converting enzyme (ICE), inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) were detected by RT-PCR and immunohistochemical staining.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Neointimal formation after vascular injury was significantly greater in IRF-1-deficient mice than that in C57BL/6J mice (P<0.05). In contrast, TUNEL-positive nuclei to total nuclei in the neointima and media in vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) in the injured artery significantly attenuated in IRF-1-deficient mice compared to C57BL/6J mice (P<0.05). The expressions of AT2 receptor as well as pro-apoptotic genes such as ICE and iNOS in C57BL/6J mice were up-regulated in response to vascular injury, but this upregulation was attenuated in IRF-1-deficient mice.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Our results suggest that IRF-1 induces VSMC apoptosis and inhibits neointimal formation after vascular injury at least partly due to the upregulation of AT2 receptor, ICE and iNOS expressions. These results indicate that IRF-1 exerts an inhibitory effect on neointimal formation through the induction of apoptosis in VSMCs.</p>

Animals , Male , Mice , Apoptosis , Physiology , Caspase 1 , Genetics , Metabolism , Femoral Artery , Pathology , Interferon Regulatory Factor-1 , Genetics , Metabolism , Interferon Regulatory Factor-2 , Genetics , Metabolism , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Mice, Knockout , Muscle, Smooth, Vascular , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Pathology , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type II , Genetics , Metabolism , Platelet Endothelial Cell Adhesion Molecule-1 , Genetics , Metabolism , Receptor, Angiotensin, Type 2 , Genetics , Metabolism , Tunica Intima , Pathology , Physiology