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1.
International Journal of Stem Cells ; : 260-268, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1000519

ABSTRACT

Intrauterine adhesion (IUA) can occur after trauma to the basal layer of the endometrium, contributing to severe complications in females, such as infertility and amenorrhea. To date, the proposed therapeutic strategies are targeted to relieve IUA, such as hysteroscopic adhesiolysis, Foley catheter balloon, and hyaluronic acid injection have been applied in the clinic. However, these approaches showed limited effects in alleviating endometrial fibrosis and thin endometrium. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) can offer the potential for endometrium regeneration owing to reduce inflammation and release growth factors. On this basis, MSCs have been proposed as promising methods to treat intrauterine adhesion. However, due to the drawbacks of cell therapy, the possible therapeutic use of extracellular vesicles released by stem cells is raising increasing interest. The paracrine effect, mediated by MSCs derived extracellular vehicles (MSC-EVs), has recently been suggested as a mechanism for their therapeutic properties. Here, we summarizes the main pathological mechanisms involved in intrauterine adhesion, the biogenesis and characteristics of extracellular vesicles, explaining how these vesicles could provide new opportunities for MSCs.

2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2415-2423, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999115

ABSTRACT

Obesity is an important risk factor related to osteoarthritis, but it′s role in post-traumatic osteoarthritis on young people need to further study. The internal mechanism except the mechanical loading may be associated with adipose exosomes. To examine the effect of obesity induced by high fat diet and adipose exosomes on knee post-traumatic osteoarthritis caused by destabilization of medial meniscus (DMM) surgery in young mice, 20 6-week-old C57BL/6J mice were randomly assigned to the control diet group (CD, n = 5), the DMM group (n = 5), the high fat diet group (HFD, n = 5) and the HFD plus DMM group (HFD+DMM, n = 5). The CD and DMM group were fed with a control diet, and the HFD and HFD+DMM group were fed with a high fat diet. We did the DMM surgery and the sham surgery on the mice when it was 10 weeks old. Extract obese and normal adipose exosomes, identify exosomes in vitro, and proceed fluorescence imaging in vivo using DiR staining. DMM+HFD-Exo group and DMM+CD-Exo group were injected the exosomes from the tail vain once a week (100 μL per shot with a concentration of 1 μg·μL-1). Second, 15 6-week-old C57BL/6J mice were randomly assigned to the DMM group (n = 5), the DMM plus obese adipose exosomes group (DMM+HFD-Exo, n = 5), and the DMM plus control diet adipose exosomes group (DMM+CD-Exo, n = 5). Animal welfare and experimental process are in accordance with the regulations of the Experimental Animal Ethics Committee of Nanjing University (IACUC-D2204005). All mice were sacrificed at the age of 18 weeks, the knee joints of the mice were harvested and fixed. We used micro CT to examine the samples and measured the bone volume/tissue volume, trabecular thickness, trabecular number and trabecular separation. Then the samples were decalcified and embedded in paraffin, and 4 μm thickness sections were stained with H&E and safranin O/fast green to observe the histological changes of the knee joint. The results showed compared with the control diet group, high fat diet induced obesity can aggravate the pathological changes of the post-traumatic osteoarthritis caused by DMM surgery, which shows in having a higher Mankin score. The surface of knee articular cartilage in the HFD+DMM group was rough, and the subchondral bone has an increase in bone sclerosis. Compared with the DMM group, obese adipose exosomes can exacerbate the pathological changes of the knee articular cartilage, while not influencing the subchondral bone. In conclusion, high fat diet induced obesity can aggravate the post-traumatic osteoarthritis caused by DMM surgery in young mice. The obese adipose exosomes mainly affect the surface of the knee articular cartilage.

3.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 695-698, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994883

ABSTRACT

Ommaya reservoir implantation is generally used in the treatment of hydrocephalus and intraventricular drug administration. Ommaya reservoir implantation in the subarachnoid space of the spinal cord for the intrathecal drug administration has not been carried out in China, and only several reports can be retrieved from PubMed. About 60%-90% of untreated patients with spinal muscular atrophy type 2 (SMA2) who survive to adulthood often have complex scoliosis and joint deformities. Nusinersen is an effective drug for the treatment of SMA2. And the route of administration is intrathecal injection, which is difficult for patients with severe scoliosis. This article summarizes the process of Ommaya reservoir implantation and postoperative drug administration in a patient with complex scoliosis type SMA2, which provides a new method for clinical treatment of this disease.

4.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 391-398, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993454

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical value of super micro vascular imaging (SMI) in evaluating the microvascular perfusion of diabetes foot treated by tibial transverse bone transport.Methods:A retrospective study of 18 diabetic foot patients who underwent tibial transverse bone transport in the Second Hospital of Shanxi Medical University from May 2019 to December 2021 were analysed, including 12 males and 6 females, with an average age of 64.89±14.34 years (range, 30-90 years). All patients had varying degrees of foot ulcer. Before and after the operation, the blood vessels of the patient's lower leg and foot were examined. The display rate of low-velocity blood flow was compared between color Doppler flow imaging (CDFI) and SMI; the blood flow and vascular index at the beginning of the first dorsal metatarsal artery before and after operation under SMI were compared; the number and length of new blood vessels were also compared before and after operation.Results:All patients were followed up for at least 2 months. CDFI blood flow display rate was 73.6% (106/144), and SMI blood flow display rate was 80.6% (116/144), the difference was statistically significant (χ 2=4.68, P=0.031). Under SMI, the blood flow at the beginning of the first dorsal metatarsal artery on the affected side was measured before operation 3.38 (1.33, 7.56) ml/min, 1 week after operation 4.19(2.84, 11.48) ml/min and 1 month after operation 3.72 (2.52, 11.40) ml/min, with statistically significant difference (χ 2=9.46, P=0.009). There were statistically significant differences in blood flow at 1 week and 1 month after operation compared with that before operation ( P=0.033, P=0.003). The vascular index at the beginning of the first dorsal metatarsal artery on the affected side was 3.84±3.60, 6.51±4.92 and 6.82±5.36 before operation, 1 week and 1 month after operation, respectively, and the differences were statistically significant( F=4.35, P=0.031). The vascular index in the first week after operation was significantly higher than that before operation ( P=0.026). Up to the last follow-up, the number of new collaterals in 18 patients was 4.5 (2, 8), which was significantly different from 1 (0, 2) before operation ( Z=-3.57, P=0.001). In total, the length of 18 new blood vessels in 9 patients was longer than that before operation, and the establishment of grade 2 and grade 3 branches were observed in 5 patients. The superficial subcutaneous vessels were showed more clarity than that before surgery, and there was collateral circulation on the opposite side. Conclusion:SMI objectively reflects the changes of hemodynamics and microcirculation of patients after tibial transverse bone transport, and helps clinical preliminary predict the prognosis of patients and adjust individual treatment plan according to blood perfusion in time.

5.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 567-571, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993232

ABSTRACT

Radiotherapy is an important treatment of gynecological tumors. Although novel techniques or measures in recemy years have improved the tumor control rate and reduced radiation toxicity, radiation toxicity remains a major problem due to the location of some key organs adjacent to the tumor. A new material-hydrogel, as an organ spacer, provides a new method to reduce the radiotherapy toxicity. In this article, the application of hydrogel as an organ spacer in brachytherapy for gynecological tumors was reviewed from the aspects of hydrogel characteristics, suitable population, mode of injection, interval distance and dose effect, clinical benefits and cost effectiveness, etc.

6.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 225-229, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992928

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical characteristics of pediatric patients with Beh?et′s disease.Methods:The clinical characteristics of 86 newly diagnosed children with Beh?et′s disease admitted to the rheumatology department of Beijing Children′s Hospital from July 2015 to December 2020 were analyzed retrospectively. Statistical product and service solutions (SPSS) 26 was used for statistical analysis. The normal distribution of measurement data is expressed in Mean± SD, and the non normaldistribution of measurement data was expressed in median(minimum, maximum). The counting data was expressed in frequency (cases) and percentage. Results:There was no gender difference in the incidence of Beh?et′s disease in 86 children.The age of onset was 0.1~15.9 years, with an average of (7±4) years, and the age of diagnosis was 1.3~16.6 years, with an average of (10±4) years.The course of disease from onset to diagnosis was 0.5~168 months, with a median course of 21 months. Among 86 cases, 52 cases (60.5%) showed the most common oral ulcer at the onset, followed by 19 cases (22.1%) with fever. In terms of clinical manifestations: the most common clinical manifestation was oral ulcer in 82 cases (95.3%), followed by fever in 58 cases (67.4%), and gastrointestinal symptoms in 44 cases (51.2%). The common manifestation of digestive system involvement was abdominal pain and diarrhea. Ten cases (11.6%) had ocular symptoms, 13 cases (15.3%) had vascular involvement, and 3 cases (3.5%) had pulmonary involvement. Fourteen cases (16.2%) had family history. Fourty seven patients (54.7%) had elevated leukocyte, 65 patients (75.6%) had elevated CRP and 72 patients (83.7%) had elevated ESR.Conclusion:Beh?et′s disease in children is usually insidious in onset and infants may suffer from this disease. Oral ulcer is the most common clinical manifestation, followed by fever. For patients with fever of unknown cause, Beh?et′s disease should be noted. In terms of involvement of important organs, digestive tract involvement is more common in childhood, followed by large blood vessels and eyes.

7.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 95-99, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970191

ABSTRACT

Limb length discrepancy(LLD) is a common complication after total hip arthroplasty (THA). Good positioning of the prosthesis and suitable soft tissue tension are essential to ensure hip joint stability. Patients will be more satisfied if almost the same length of both lower extremities is achieved. Preoperative comprehensive evaluation of patients is helpful to prevent the occurrence of LLD after surgery. Therefore, the pelvic spine conditions, as well as type and cause of LLD should be analyzed in detail before surgery. During operation, limb length should be adjusted by touching the position of patella, Kirschner's wires positioning and referring to the relationship between the center of femoral head and the tip of greater trochanter. After surgery, it is necessary to clearly distinguish true LLD from functional LLD, and make a reasonable therapeutic plan according to patient's symptoms and the range of differences in limb length. This article reviews the latest literatures based on clinical practice experience and summarizes the research status of LLD after THA, which helps joint surgeons to have an in-depth understanding of this postoperative complication.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/adverse effects , Femur , Femur Head , Lower Extremity , Pelvis
8.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1583-1590, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980877

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Lung cancer has been the leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide for many years. This study aimed to investigate the global patterns and trends of lung cancer.@*METHODS@#Lung cancer incidence and mortality were derived from the GLOBOCAN 2020 database. Continuous data from Cancer Incidence in Five Continents Time Trends were used to analyze the temporal trends from 2000 to 2012 using Joinpoint regression, and average annual percent changes were calculated. The association between the Human Development Index and lung cancer incidence and mortality was assessed by linear regression.@*RESULTS@#An estimated 2.2 million new lung cancer cases and 1.8 million lung cancer-related deaths occurred in 2020. The age-standardized incidence rate (ASIR) ranged from 36.8 per 100,000 in Demark to 5.9 per 100,000 in Mexico. The age-standardized mortality rate (ASMR) varied from 32.8 per 100,000 in Poland to 4.9 per 100,000 in Mexico. Both ASIR and ASMR were approximately twice higher in men than in women. The ASIR of lung cancer showed a downward trend in the United States of America (USA) between 2000 and 2012, and was more prominent in men. The age-specific incidence rates of lung cancer for ages of 50 to 59 years showed an upward trend in China for both men and women.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The burden of lung cancer is still unsatisfactory, especially in developing countries like China. Considering the effectiveness of tobacco control and screening in developed countries, such as the USA, there is a need to strengthen health education, accelerate the establishment of tobacco control policies and regulations, and improve early cancer screening awareness to reduce the future burden of lung cancer.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Female , Middle Aged , United States , Incidence , Lung Neoplasms/epidemiology , Linear Models , China/epidemiology
9.
Chinese Journal of Endocrine Surgery ; (6): 162-165, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989917

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the diagnostic value of sex hormone combined with carcinoembryonic antigen on lymph node metastasis in breast cancer patients.Methods:52 cases of breast cancer patients who underwent surgical resection were collected and divided into non-metastasis group and metastases group after axillary lymph node ultrasonography. The blood samples was collected from patients and the levels of serum estradiol, testosterone, progesterone and carcinoembryonic antigen were detected; The diagnostic value of the above indexes in patients with lymph node metastasis was analyzed; Logistic risk regression model was used to analyze the independent risk factors for lymph node metastasis after surgical resection.Results:There were significant differences between the non-metastatic group and the metastatic group in the largest tumor diameter and menopause (all P<0.05), but there were no significant differences among other general data (all P>0.05). The serum estradiol level in the non-metastatic group was (153.97±35.55) pg/ml, the progesterone level was (0.33±0.05) ng/ml, and the carcinoembryonic antigen level was (11.44±3.77) ng/ml, while the estradiol level in the metastatic group was (207.19±52.11) pg/ml ( t=4.13, P<0.001), progesterone level (0.38±0.04) ng/ml ( t=4.01, P<0.001), carcinoembryonic antigen level (15.41±3.46) ng/ml ( t=3.94, P<0.001). The above three indicators were significantly increased in patients in the transfer group. The area under the curve of estradiol was 0.83, the area under the curve of progesterone was 0.80, the area under the curve of carcinoembryonic antigen was 0.77, the area under the curve of the combination of the three was 0.85, and the area under the curve of the combination of the three was the largest. Logistic risk regression model showed that estradiol, progesterone, and carcinoembryonic antigen levels were independent risk factors affecting lymph node metastasis in breast cancer patients (all P<0.05) . Conclusion:The sex hormone estradiol, progesterone combined with carcinoembryonic antigen has a high diagnostic value for lymph node metastasis in patients with breast cancer, and can independently predict the occurrence of lymph node metastasis in breast cancer patients.

10.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 351-357, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986894

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the efficacies between open surgery and axillary non-inflatable endoscopic surgery in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed on 343 patients with unilateral PTC treated by traditional open surgery (201 cases) and transaxillary non-inflating endoscopic surgery (142 cases) from May 2019 to December 2021 in the Head and Neck Surgery of Sichuan Cancer Hospital. Among them, 97 were males and 246 were females, aged 20-69 years. 1∶1 propensity score matching (PSM) was performed on the enrolled patients, and the basic characteristics, perioperative clinical outcomes, postoperative complications, postoperative quality of life (Thyroid Cancer-Specific Quality of Life), aesthetic satisfaction and other aspects of the two groups were compared after successful matching. SPSS 26.0 software was used for statistical analysis. Results: A total of 190 patients were enrolled after PSM, with 95 cases in open group and 95 cases in endoscopic group. Intraoperative blood losses for endoscopic and open groups were [20 (20) ml vs. 20 (10) ml, M (IQR), Z=-2.22], postoperative drainage volumes [170 (70)ml vs. 101 (55)ml, Z=-7.91], operative time [135 (35)min vs. 95 (35)min, Z=-7.34], hospitalization cost [(28 188.7±2 765.1)yuan vs. (25 643.5±2 610.7)yuan, x¯±s, t=0.73], postoperative hospitalization time [(3.1±0.9)days vs. (2.6±0.9)days, t=-3.24], and drainage tube placement time [(2.5±0.8) days vs. (2.0±1.0)days, t=-4.16], with statistically significant differrences (all P<0.05). There was no significant difference in surgical complications (P>0.05). There were significant diffferences between two groups in the postoperative quality of life scores in neuromuscular, psychological, scar and cold sensation (all P<0.05), while there were no statistically significant differences in other quality of life scores (all P>0.05). In terms of aesthetic satisfaction 6 months after surgery, the endoscopic group was better than the open group, with statistically significant difference (χ2=41.47, P<0.05). Conclusion: Endoscopic thyroidectomy by a gasless unilateral axillary approach is a safe and reliable surgical method, which has remarkable cosmetic effect and can improve the postoperative quality of life of patients compared with the traditional thyroidectomy.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Thyroid Cancer, Papillary/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Quality of Life , Thyroid Neoplasms/pathology , Endoscopy , Thyroidectomy/methods
11.
Sichuan Mental Health ; (6): 222-227, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986744

ABSTRACT

BackgroundThe incidence of cognitive impairment in patients with depressive disorder is high, and the causes and mechanisms of which deserve more attention. It is usual that the thyroid hormone levels in patients with depressive disorder alter. Further research is needed to explore whether the cognitive function changes in patients with depressive disorder are related to thyroid hormone levels. ObjectiveTo explore the improvement of cognitive function in patients with first-episode depressive disorder after escitalopram and paroxetine treatment, and to analyse its correlation with thyroid hormone levels, so as to look for potential biomarkers of cognitive function change in patients with depressive disorder. MethodsFrom March 2021 to March 2022, 120 patients who met the diagnostic criteria of the International Classification of Diseases, tenth edition (ICD-10) for depression and were hospitalized at Shandong Mental Health Center were selected as the research objects. They were randomly divided into two groups by random number table method with 60 patients in each group. The two groups were treated with escitalopram (starting dose 5 mg/d) and paroxetine (starting dose 20 mg/d) for 6 weeks. Before and 6 weeks after the treatment, levels of thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), free thyroxine (FT4) and free triiodothyronine (FT3) were tested respectively. Depression degree and cognitive function level were assessed using the Hamilton Depression Scale-17 item (HAMD-17) and Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA), respectively. Pearson or Spearman correlation analysis was used to examine the correlation between the MoCA score difference before and after the treatment and the post-treatment level of thyroid hormone. ResultsBefore and 6 weeks after the treatment, the time effect of HAMD-17 total score in both groups was statistically significant (F=1 236.568, P<0.01). Also, the time effect, group effect as well as interaction effect of time and group of MoCA total score in both groups were statistically significant (F=79.186, 6.026, 20.417, P<0.05 or 0.01). The time effect, group effect as well as the interaction effect of time and group for FT3 level and FT4 level were statistically significant in both groups (F=75.973, 20.287, 0.961, 84.194, 0.142, 8.299, P<0.05 or 0.01). According to the simple effect analysis. After the treatment, the MoCA total score in both groups was higher than that before treatment, while FT3 and FT4 levels were lower than those before treatment (F=15.864, 5.421, 8.524, 6.443, 7.628, 3.639, P<0.01). After the 6-week treatment, the MoCA total score as well as FT3 and FT4 level differences in escitalopram and paroxetine groups were of statistical significance (t=5.841, -0.705, -2.349, P<0.05 or 0.01). The MoCA score difference before and after treatment in paroxetine group was positively correlated with FT3 and FT4 levels after treatment (r=0.276, 0.382, P<0.05 or 0.01). ConclusionBoth escitalopram and paroxetine can improve cognitive function in patients with first-episode depressive disorder. The improvement may be related to the changes in serum FT3 and FT4 levels.

12.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 422-426, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986089

ABSTRACT

Objective: To measure and analyze the shoulder circumferences of adults' permanent teeth crown preparations based on data collected through the intraoral scanning, so as to provide dental anatomy data for clinical diagnosis and analysis. Methods: Intraoral scanning data of 840 complete crown preparations were collected, and were entrusted to the World Dental Laboratory Co., Ltd. in Fuzhou between March 2021 and June 2022. Except the data of the third molar, the rest data were categorized in terms of 14 tooth positions in the upper and lower jaw (each category involved 30 samples from male group and 30 samples from female group). Image measurement software was used to measure the shoulder circumferences of permanent teeth crown preparations. And analysis was conducted to reveal the difference of shoulder circumference diameters between male and female groups. And then they were grouped according to the mean value at each tooth position, on the premise that the difference between the maximum and minimum values and the mean value of the entire group was≤±1.00 mm. Analysis were further conducted to determine the differences of shoulder circumference diameters between each dental position and the differences between male and female in the same groups. Results: Bivariate analysis of variance showed that gender had no effect on the shoulder circumference of full crown preparations (F=0.55, P=1.457), while tooth position had a significant impact on the shoulder circumference of full crown preparations (F=273.15, P<0.001). The samples were classified into 5 groups according to the mean values of shoulder circumference diameters relating to each tooth position. Statistical analysis showed that Group 1, covering maxillary lateral incisor, mandibular central incisor and mandibular lateral incisor, had shoulder circumference with diameters of (16.62±2.21) mm; Group 2, consisting of maxillary central incisor, maxillary cusp, mandibular cusp, mandibular first premolar and mandibular second premolar, had diameters of (20.78±2.48) mm; Group 3, consisting of maxillary first premolar and maxillary second premolar, had diamerters of (22.09±2.72) mm; Group 4, covering maxillary first molar, maxillary second molar and mandibular first molar, had diamerters of (30.21±2.67) mm; while group 5, with mandibular second molar alone its member, had diamerters of (31.34±3.18) mm. The difference among the 5 groups was statistically significant (P<0.05). Conclusions: Significant differences of shoulder circumference diameters could be found between different tooth positions, while at the same tooth position, the differences between male and female are not significant. The 14 tooth positions could be grouped into 5 groups according to their shoulder circumference diameters. Future research could take the grouping as reference.

13.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 318-328, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986073

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the effect of bone-anchored versus tooth-borne rapid palatal expansion (RPE) combined with maxillary protraction in the treatment of skeletal class Ⅲ patients with maxillary hypoplasia. Methods: Twenty-six skeletal class Ⅲ patients with maxillary hypoplasia in the late mixed or early permanent dentition were selected. All the patients underwent RPE combined with maxillary protraction in the Department of Orthodontics, Nanjing Stomatological Hospital, Medical School of Nanjing University from August 2020 to June 2022. The patients were divided into 2 groups. Thirteen patients were enrolled in the bone-anchored RPE group [4 males and 9 females, aged (10.2±1.7) years] and the others were in the tooth-borne RPE group [5 males and 8 females, aged (10.1±1.0) years]. Ten sagittal linear indices [Y-Is distance (the distance from the incisor edge of the maxillary incisor to the vertical reference axis), Y-Ms distance (the distance from the mesial contact point of the maxillary first molar to the vertical reference axis), the relative distance between the maxillary and mandibular molars, overjet, etc.], 6 vertical linear indices [PP-Ms distance (the distance changes from Ms to the palatal plane), etc.] and 8 angle indices [SN-MP angle (the upper external angle of the intersection of the sella-nasion plane and the mandibular plane), U1-SN angle (the lower internal angle of the intersection of the long axis of the maxillary central incisor and the sella-nasion plane), etc.] were measured on the cephalometric radiographs before and after the treatment. Six coronal indicators (the inclination of the left and right first maxillary molar, etc.) were measured on cone-beam CT images before and after the treatment. The proportion of skeletal and dental factors in the changes of overjet were calculated. The differences of the index changes between groups were compared. Results: After the treatment, the anterior crossbite were corrected in both groups, and classⅠor classⅡ molar relationship were attained. In bone-anchored group, the changes of Y-Is distance, Y-Ms distance and maxillary and mandibular molar relative distance were (3.23±0.70), (1.25±0.34) and (2.54±0.59) mm, respectively, significantly less than those in the tooth-borned group in which the corresponding changes were (4.96±0.97) mm (t=-5.92, P<0.001), (3.12±0.83) mm (t=-7.53, P<0.001) and (4.92±1.35) mm (t=-5.85, P<0.05), respectively. The change of overjet in the bone-anchored group was (4.45±1.25) mm, significantly less than that in the tooth-borned group (6.14±1.29) mm (t=-3.38, P<0.05). Skeletal and dental factors accounted for 80% and 20% of the overjet changes in the bone-anchored group, respectively. While in the tooth-borned group, skeletal and dental factors accounted for 62% and 38% of the overjet changes, respectively. The PP-Ms distance change in the bone-anchored group [(-1.62±0.25) mm] was significantly less than that in the tooth-borned group [(2.13±0.86) mm] (t=-15.15, P<0.001). The changes of SN-MP and U1-SN in the bone-anchored group were -0.95°±0.55° and 1.28°±1.30°, respectively, significantly less than those corresponding indices in the tooth-borned group (1.92°±0.95°, t=-9.43, P<0.001; 7.78°±1.94°, t=-10.04, P<0.001). In the bone-anchored group, the inclination changes of maxillary bilateral first molars in the left and right sides were 1.50°±0.17° and 1.54°±0.19°, significantly less than the corresponding indices in the tooth-borned group (2.26°±0.37°, t=6.47, P<0.001; 2.25°±0.35°, t=6.81, P<0.001). Conclusions: The bone-anchored RPE with maxillary protraction could reduce the adverse tooth compensation effect, including the protrusion of maxillary anterior incisors, the increase of overjet and mandibular plane angle, and the mesial movement, extrusion and buccal inclination of maxillary molars.

14.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1203-1206, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985587

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the influence of music training on the response inhibition ability of children with developmental dysplasia, and to provide a theoretical basis for improving the response inhibition ability of children with developmental dyslexia.@*Methods@#From September to October 2020, students from grades 3-6 in a primary school in Shenyang, Liaoning Province were selected. A total of 27 children with dyslexia were selected through literacy test and intelligence test, and 23 children with matched reading level were selected. The Go/No-go experimental paradigm was used to investigate the changes of response inhibition in children with developmental dyslexia before and after ALF music training, induding solfeggio, physical rhythm, music scene performance and chorus.@*Results@#The results before and after music training showed that the main effect in the test stage was significant among two groups[ F(1,48)=6.13, P<0.05, η-p 2=0.11], and The accuracy of post-test [(91.80±0.80)%] was significantly higher than that of pre-test [(89.10±0.90)%]; the accuracy of the children with developmental dyslexia in response to the symbolic stimulus No-go was significantly higher in the post-test [(81.81±10.97)%] than in the pre-test [(73.78±15.26)%]( t =-2.33, P = 0.03 ); the accuracy of reading matched children s response to Chinese characters stimulation No-go was significantly better in the post-test [(85.59±12.11)%] than in the pre-test [(78.33±12.98)%]( t = -2.20, P <0.05). In terms of response time, the post-test scores of developmental dyslexia children [(444.06±77.49)ms] were significantly better than those of pre-test children [(519.01±70.75)ms], and there was no significant difference between symbol stimulus and Chinese stimulus in developmental dyslexia children ( P>0.05). @*Conclusion@#Response inhibition is deficient in children with developmental dyslexia. Compared with symbols, the response inhibition ability of Chinese characters is impaired; Music training significantly improved the inhibitory ability of signs in children with developmental dyslexia.

15.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1246-1261, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971764

ABSTRACT

As a neurological disorder in the brain, epilepsy is not only associated with abnormal synchronized discharging of neurons, but also inseparable from non-neuronal elements in the altered microenvironment. Anti-epileptic drugs (AEDs) merely focusing on neuronal circuits frequently turn out deficient, which is necessitating comprehensive strategies of medications to cover over-exciting neurons, activated glial cells, oxidative stress and chronic inflammation synchronously. Therefore, we would report the design of a polymeric micelle drug delivery system that was functioned with brain targeting and cerebral microenvironment modulation. In brief, reactive oxygen species (ROS)-sensitive phenylboronic ester was conjugated with poly-ethylene glycol (PEG) to form amphiphilic copolymers. Additionally, dehydroascorbic acid (DHAA), an analogue of glucose, was applied to target glucose transporter 1 (GLUT1) and facilitate micelle penetration across the blood‒brain barrier (BBB). A classic hydrophobic AED, lamotrigine (LTG), was encapsulated in the micelles via self-assembly. When administrated and transferred across the BBB, ROS-scavenging polymers were expected to integrate anti-oxidation, anti-inflammation and neuro-electric modulation into one strategy. Moreover, micelles would alter LTG distribution in vivo with improved efficacy. Overall, the combined anti-epileptic therapy might provide effective opinions on how to maximize neuroprotection during early epileptogenesis.

16.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 298-314, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971689

ABSTRACT

Metastasis accounts for 90% of breast cancer deaths, where the lethality could be attributed to the poor drug accumulation at the metastatic loci. The tolerance to chemotherapy induced by breast cancer stem cells (BCSCs) and their particular redox microenvironment further aggravate the therapeutic dilemma. To be specific, therapy-resistant BCSCs can differentiate into heterogeneous tumor cells constantly, and simultaneously dynamic maintenance of redox homeostasis promote tumor cells to retro-differentiate into stem-like state in response to cytotoxic chemotherapy. Herein, we develop a specifically-designed biomimic platform employing neutrophil membrane as shell to inherit a neutrophil-like tumor-targeting capability, and anchored chemotherapeutic and BCSCs-differentiating reagents with nitroimidazole (NI) to yield two hypoxia-responsive prodrugs, which could be encapsulated into a polymeric nitroimidazole core. The platform can actively target the lung metastasis sites of triple negative breast cancer (TNBC), and release the escorted drugs upon being triggered by the hypoxia microenvironment. During the responsiveness, the differentiating agent could promote transferring BCSCs into non-BCSCs, and simultaneously the nitroimidazole moieties conjugated on the polymer and prodrugs could modulate the tumor microenvironment by depleting nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate hydrogen (NADPH) and amplifying intracellular oxidative stress to prevent tumor cells retro-differentiation into BCSCs. In combination, the BCSCs differentiation and tumor microenvironment modulation synergistically could enhance the chemotherapeutic cytotoxicity, and remarkably suppress tumor growth and lung metastasis. Hopefully, this work can provide a new insight in to comprehensively treat TNBC and lung metastasis using a versatile platform.

17.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 133-138, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971506

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the causes of graft loss in kidney transplant recipients.@*METHODS@#We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 135 recipients with graft loss after renal transplantation in the Eighth Medical Center of Chinese PLA General Hospital from January 1, 2002 to January 1, 2022.@*RESULTS@#A total of 135 kidney transplant recipients experienced graft failure. The causes of graft loss included graft rejection (70 cases, 51.8%), death of the recipients with functional graft (37 cases, 27.4%), surgical complications (12 cases, 8.9%), drug toxicity (4 cases, 3.0%), carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae infection (4 cases, 3.0%), polyoma BK virus-related nephropathy (3 cases, 2.2%), primary nonfunctioning kidney (2 cases, 1.5%), recurrence of primary disease (2 cases, 1.5%), and prerenal acute renal failure (1 case, 0.7%).@*CONCLUSION@#The main cause of graft loss after renal transplantation is graft rejection, and the secondary cause is death of the recipient with functional graft, and other reasons can be rare.


Subject(s)
Humans , Graft Rejection , Kidney Transplantation/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies
18.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 487-489, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981719

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the technical aspects of the accuracy of cervical pedicle screw placement with O-arm guidance.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 21 patients who underwent cervical pedicle screw fixation by O-arm real-time guidance from December 2015 to January 2020 were analyzed retrospectively. There were 15 males and 6 females, aged from 29 to 76 years old with an average of (45.3±11.5) years. The postoperative CT scan was utilized to evaluate the placement of the pedicle screw and classified according to the Gertzbein and Robbins classification.@*RESULTS@#A total of 132 pedicle screws were implanted in 21 patients, 116 at C3-C6 and 16 at C1 and C2. According to Gertzbein & Robbins classification, the overall breach rates were found to be 11.36% (15/132) with 73.33% (11 screws) Grade B, 26.67% (4 screws) Grade C, and no Grade D or E screw breaches. There were no pedicle screw placement related complications at final follow-up.@*CONCLUSION@#The application of O-arm real-time guidance technology can make cervical pedicle screw placement reliable. High accuracy and better intra-operative control can increase surgeon's confidence in using cervical pedicle instrumentation. Considering the high-risk nature of anatomical area around cervical pedicle and the possibility of catastrophic complications, the spine surgeon should have sufficient surgical skills, experience, ensures stringent verification of the system, and never relies solely on the navigation system.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Retrospective Studies , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Surgery, Computer-Assisted , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Pedicle Screws , Spinal Fusion
19.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 304-310, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992509

ABSTRACT

Objective:Compare the clinical efficacy and safety of bendamustine combined with rituximab (BR regimen) and rituximab combined with standard CHOP regimen (R-CHOP regimen) in the treatment of newly diagnosed follicular lymphoma (FL).Methods:Adopting a prospective case-control study method. 104 newly diagnosed FL patients admitted to Beijing Aerospace General Hospital from January 2018 to January 2022 were selected and randomly divided into an observation group and a control group using a random number table method, with 52 patients in each group. The observation group was treated with bendamustine combined with rituximab, while the control group was treated with rituximab combined with standard CHOP regimen. Both groups were treated for 6 consecutive courses of treatment, with a 21 day treatment period. Compare the serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) levels before and after treatment between two groups β 2-Microglobulin (β 2-microglobulin, β 2-MG level, improvement in quality of life after treatment, long-term survival, clinical efficacy, and incidence of adverse reactions. Measurement data is represented by paired t-tests for intra group comparisons, and independent sample t-tests for inter group comparisons; Counting data is represented as an example (%), and inter group comparisons are made using χ 2-test, Wilcoxon rank sum test was used for comparing rank data. Survival analysis was conducted using the Log Rank test. Results:After treatment, serum LDH and The levels of β 2-MG were lower than before treatment [LDH: (262.34±37.24) U/L ratio (323.45±44.46) U/L, (287.23±43.19) U/L ratio (318.28±52.35) U/L; β 2-MG: (2.72±0.30) mg/L compared to (3.45±0.37) mg/L, (2.93±0.28) mg/L compared to (3.37±0.42) mg/L, t-values of 7.60, 3.30, 11.05, 6.29, P values of <0.001, 0.001, <0.001, <0.001, <0.001], and the observation group was lower than the control group ( t-values of 3.15, 3.69, P values of 0.002, <0.001, respectively). After 6 courses of treatment, the quality of life in the observation group improved in 27 cases, stabilized in 22 cases, and decreased in 3 cases; The quality of life in the control group improved in 18 cases, stabilized in 26 cases, and decreased in 8 cases. The improvement of quality of life in the observation group was better than that in the control group ( Z=-2.03, P=0.042). The progression free survival period in the observation group was longer than that in the control group [52.53 months (95% confidence interval: 49.16-55.89 months) compared to 38.84 months (95% confidence interval: 32.44-45.24 months)], and the difference was statistically significant (Log Rank χ 2=4.06, P=0.044), there was no statistically significant difference in overall survival between the two groups ( P=0.217). The complete remission rate in the observation group was higher than that in the control group [88.46%(46/52) vs 71.15%(37/52)], χ 2=4.83, P=0.028], there was no statistically significant difference in objective response rates between the two groups ( P=0.485). The incidence of nausea, vomiting, leukopenia, neutropenia, alopecia, and fatigue in the observation group was lower than that in the control group, and the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). Conclusions:Both the BR regimen and R-CHOP regimen can significantly reduce serum tumor marker levels in the treatment of newly diagnosed FL. However, the BR regimen has a higher complete response rate, better patient quality of life, longer PFS, fewer toxic side effects, and more significant overall efficacy.

20.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 286-292, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990641

ABSTRACT

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common primary hepatic malign-ancy in clinic. The prognosis of patients remains extremely poor because of the high malignancy and easy recurrence and metastasis of HCC. In recent years, the roles of platelets in promoting the malignant progression of HCC have increasingly attracted much attention. It is known that platelets could promote HCC cells proliferation and invasion through tumor microenvironment. On the other hand, platelets are capable to promote HCC cells distant metastasis by facilitating tumor cells evasion of immune surveillance. Besides, the platelet-derived growth factors and proangiogenic factors are also involved in the proliferation, invasiveness, and neovascularization of HCC. In addition, patients with HCC normally have a background of cirrhosis, and it is still controversial that whether the thrombocytopenia by portal hypertension and hypersplenism can promote the malignant progress of HCC. In view of this, the diagnostic and prognostic value of platelet levels, as well as platelet-associated scores in HCC have increasingly become research focus. The authors elaborate the detailed mechanisms of platelets in malignant progression of HCC, and discuss the recent research progress of platelets as effective diagnostic or prognostic tools for the assessment of HCC, which is of great importance to optimize the current treatment regimen and explore novel therapeutic strategies against HCC.

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