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1.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2050-2057, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007573

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#There are limited data on the resource utilization of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in China. This study aimed to examine the length of stay (LOS) and inpatient charges of TKA in China, and to investigate their determinants.@*METHODS@#We included patients undergoing primary TKA in the Hospital Quality Monitoring System in China between 2013 and 2019. LOS and inpatient charges were obtained, and their associated factors were further assessed using multivariable linear regression.@*RESULTS@#A total of 184,363 TKAs were included. The LOS decreased from 10.8 days in 2013 to 9.3 days in 2019. The admission-to-surgery interval decreased from 4.6 to 4.2 days. The mean inpatient charges were 61,208.3 Chinese Yuan. Inpatient charges reached a peak in 2016, after which a gradual decrease was observed. Implant and material charges accounted for a dominating percentage, but they exhibited a downward trend, whereas labor-related charges gradually increased. Single marital status, non-osteoarthritis indication, and comorbidity were associated with longer LOS and higher inpatient charges. Female sex and younger age were associated with higher inpatient charges. There were apparent varieties of LOS and inpatient charges among provincial or non-provincial hospitals, hospitals with various TKA volume, or in different geographic regions.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The LOS following TKA in China appeared to be long, but it was shortened during the time period of 2013 to 2019. The inpatient charges dominated by implant and material charges exhibited a downward trend. However, there were apparent sociodemographic and hospital-related discrepancies of resource utilization. The observed statistics can lead to more efficient resource utilization of TKA in China.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Length of Stay , Fees and Charges , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee/economics , China , Databases, Factual , Inpatients
2.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 730-738, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932886

ABSTRACT

Objective:To estimate in-hospital mortality after knee replacement (KR) and to assess its trend and risk factors in China.Methods:We included patients undergoing KR in the Hospital Quality Monitoring System in China (2013-2019) to estimate in-hospital mortality after KR and assessed relation of patient's and hospital's characteristics (year of surgery, age, gender, marital status, primary indication, Charlson comorbidity index, geographic location, hospital type, hospital volume of KR, and surgery type) to in-hospital mortality using multivariable Poisson regression.Results:The annual amount of KR has increased from 20 307 in 2013 to 35 757 in 2019, and has maintained an upward trend for 7 years. The mean age of patients having KR increased from 64.9 years in 2013 to 66.6 years in 2019. Of the total 218 923 KRs, 63 deaths (0.29‰) occurred within 30 days before discharging. Older age was associated with higher in-hospital mortality ( P for trend <0.001). Male gender had higher incidence of in-hospital mortality compared with female [relative risk (RR), 2.5; 95% CI: 1.5, 4.1]. Single marital status was associated with higher, albeit non-statistically significant, in-hospital mortality than married patients (RR, 2.1; 95% CI: 0.9, 4.6). Higher Charlson comorbidity index was associated with increased risk of in-hospital mortality ( P for trend <0.001). Risk of in-hospital mortality decreased with more hospital-year knee replacement surgeries ( P for trend <0.001). In-hospital mortality varied by geographic regions, with the lowest mortality in East region (0.16‰), followed by South-West (0.31‰), South-Central (0.31‰), North region (0.33‰), North-West (0.54‰) and North-East (0.59‰). Conclusion:In-hospital mortality after KR in China was relatively low. Older age, male gender, higher Charlson comorbidity index and lower hospital-year knee replacement surgeries were risk factors for in-hospital mortality. The mortality varied greatly according to the geographic location of hospital.

3.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 360-365, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928614

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the clinical efficacy of ultrasound-guided endoscopic retrograde appendicitis therapy in children with appendix-related chronic abdominal pain.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of 30 children with the chief complaint of chronic abdominal pain who were admitted from August 2019 to May 2021. All the children were found to have inflammation of the appendix or intracavitary stool and fecalith by ultrasound and underwent ultrasound-guided endoscopic retrograde appendicitis therapy. The medical data for analysis included clinical manifestations, endoscopic findings, white blood cell count, neutrophil percentage, length of hospital stay, and cure rate.@*RESULTS@#Among the 30 children with chronic abdominal pain, there were 13 boys (43%) and 17 girls (57%), with a mean age of (9±3) years (range 3-15 years) at diagnosis. The median duration of the disease was 12 months, and the median length of hospital stay was 3 days. The children had a median white blood cell count of 6.7×109/L and a neutrophil percentage of 50%±13%. Fecalith and a large amount of feces were flushed out of the appendix cavity for 21 children (70%) during surgery. The follow-up rate was 97% (29/30), and the median follow-up time was 11 months (range 5-26 months). Of the 29 children, abdominal pain completely disappeared in 27 children (93%).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Ultrasound-guided endoscopic retrograde appendicitis therapy is effective in children with chronic abdominal pain caused by feces or fecalith in the appendix cavity.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Abdominal Pain/etiology , Appendicitis/surgery , Appendix/surgery , Fecal Impaction , Retrospective Studies , Ultrasonography, Interventional
4.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 129-132, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884692

ABSTRACT

Patellofemoral osteoarthritis (PFOA) is a subtype of knee osteoarthritis that has gained popularity in recent years due to its high prevalence and disease burden. The National Clinical Research Center for Geriatric Disorders (Xiangya Hospital) and the Joint Surgery Branch of the Chinese Orthopaedic Association, together with the editorial department of the Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics, convened a panel of orthopaedic experts to come up with guidelines. Subsequently, the Chinese clinical practice guideline for patellofemoral osteoarthritis (2020 edition) was officially released in September 2020. This is of utmost importance in standardizing the clinical diagnosis and treatment of PFOA in China. The present guideline focused on the diagnosis (symptoms, signs and imaging changes), non-surgical interventions (primary treatment and pharmacotherapy) and surgical interventions (repair and reconstruction) of PFOA. The present interpretation aims to address key emerging clinical issues in the diagnosis and treatment of PFOA in China.

5.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 405-410, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883745

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of tert-butyl hydroperoxide (TBH) on the expression of second mitochondria-derived activator of caspase (Smac) and X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis (XIAP) in mitochondrial pathway after cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury in rats.Methods:From March to December in 2019, 45 healthy male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into sham-operation, model and TBH groups. Rat models of cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury were established by ligation of the left carotid artery. Rat neurological function was evaluated to exclude the rats that failed in cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury induction. Ten rats were left in each group. At 0.5 and 12 hours after cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury, rats in the TBH group were treated by intragastric administration of 12.5 mg/kg TBH and those in the sham-operation and model groups were identically treated by intragastric administration of equal volume of 0.9% sodium chloride injection. After 24 hours of reperfusion, rat neurological function was assessed in each group. Then the rats were killed and the brains were harvested. Apoptosis of nerve cells was detected by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end-labeling (TUNEL) assay. The levels of superoxide dismutase (SOD), malondialdehyde (MDA), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) in the brain tissue were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. XIAP- and Smac-positive cell count and protein expression were determined by immunohistochemical staining and western blot assay, respectively.Results:Rat neurological function score in the TBH group was significantly lower than that in the model group [(1.36 ± 0.49) points vs. (3.73 ± 0.97) points, t = 6.896, P < 0.001]. In the TBH group, a large number of apoptotic nerve cells were found in the ischemic cerebral cortex, but the number of apoptotic nerve cells in the TBH group was significantly smaller than that in the model group. In the model group, SOD level was significantly lower, MDA, TNF-α and IL-1β levels were significantly higher compared with the sham-operation group [SOD: (51.94 ± 3.46) U/mg vs. (70.68 ± 2.67) U/mg, t = 13.560, P < 0.001; MDA: (5.69 ± 0.78) nmol/mg vs. (1.20 ± 0.96) nmol/mg, t = 11.479, P < 0.001; TNF-α: (89.36 ± 9.84) pg/mg vs. (40.53 ± 4.35) pg/mg, t = 14.353, P < 0.001; IL-1β: (41.35 ± 6.79) pg/mg vs. (17.22 ± 2.31) pg/mg, t = 10.639, P < 0.001]. In the TBH group, SOD level was significantly higher, MDA, TNF-α and IL-1β levels were significantly lower compared with the model group [SOD: (51.94 ± 3.46) U/mg vs. (68.84 ± 5.03) U/mg, t = 8.754, P < 0.001; MDA: (5.69 ± 0.78) nmol/mg vs. (2.46 ± 0.48) nmol/mg, t = 11.153, P < 0.001; TNF-α: (89.36 ± 9.84) pg/mg vs. (57.64 ± 6.22) pg/mg, t = 8.617, P < 0.001; IL-1β: (41.35 ± 6.79) pg/mg vs. (23.84 ± 5.48) pg/mg, t = 6.346, P < 0.001]. XIAP- and Smac-positive cell count and protein expression in the model group were significantly greater than those in the sham-operation group [XIAP-positive cell count: (22.63 ± 4.37) vs. (12.39 ± 3.18), t = 5.992, P < 0.001, Smac-positive cell count: (47.58 ± 6.94) vs. (5.64 ± 1.35), t = 18.759, P < 0.001; XIAP protein expression: (0.53 ± 0.08) vs. (0.24 ± 0.05), t = 9.721, P < 0.001; Smac protein expression: (0.92 ± 0.15) > ( 0.36 ± 0.05), t = 11.200, P < 0.001 ]. In the TBH group, XIAP-positive cell count and XIAP protein expression were significantly higher and Smac-positive cell count and Smac protein expression were significantly lower compared with the model group [XIAP-positive cell count: (36.78 ± 5.26) vs. (22.63 ± 4.37), t = 6.543, P < 0.001, Smac-positive cell count: (31.74 ± 4.26) vs. (47.58 ± 6.94), t = 6.151, P < 0.001; XIAP protein expression: (0.79 ± 0.10) vs. (0.53 ± 0.08), t = 6.420, P < 0.001, Smac protein expression: (0.70 ± 0.09) vs. (0.92 ± 0.15), t = 3.977, P < 0.001]. Conclusion:TBH can effectively reduce neuronal apoptosis, oxidative stress and inflammatory reaction after cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury, which may be related to the regulation of XIAP and Smac signaling pathways.

6.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 38-43, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818371

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the protective effect of bisoprolol against hypoxia/reoxygenation injury of cardiac microvascular endothelial cells and explore the mechanism. Methods Left ventricular of cardiac microvascular endothelial cells (CMECs) were isolated from 8-week-old male C57BL/6N mice. CMECs were randomized into four groups: control group, vehicle group, hypoxia/reoxygenation group (H/R group), hypoxia/reoxygenation + bisoprolol group. The level of cell proliferation, apoptosis, superoxide anion, Cleaved caspase-3 and Nox2 expression were measured in each group. Results Compared with control group, H/R group had lower cell proliferation, higher apoptotic level, more superoxide anion level and the expression of Cleaved caspase-3 and Nox2 (P < 0.05). Furthermore, bisoprolol reversed hypoxia/reoxygenation-induced the decreased cell proliferation, the increased apoptosis, superoxide anion level, Cleaved caspase-3 and Nox2 expression (P < 0.05). Conclusion Bisoprolol can protect CMECs against hypoxia/reoxygenation injury by reducing the expression of Nox 2 that decreases oxidative stress.

7.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1461-1468, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869097

ABSTRACT

Objective:To estimate the burden of hip fractures and related factors among the Chinese middle-aged and elderly population.Methods:Based on the data of China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS) in 2015, the burden of hip fractures among Chinese middle-aged and elderly population was evaluated as the years lived with disability (YLD) rate. The relationship between gender, age (45-49, 50-59, 60-69 and ≥70 years old), educational level (no education, elementary school, junior high school, high school and above), region (urban, rural), gross domestic production (GDP) per capita (low, medium and high) and geographic area (northern, eastern, south-central, northwest and southwest regions) and the YLD rate of hip fractures were analyzed, respectively.Results:Excluding items with missing basic information and hip fracture data, a total of 17,830 subjects (8,405 males and 9,425 females) were included in the study with average age 61.6±9.8 years (range 45 to 105 years). The average age in male was 61.9±9.6 years, and that in female was 61.2±10.1 years. The prevalence of hip fractures was 2.3% (410/17,830). The total YLD rate was [694/100,000 (95% Uncertainty Interval ( UI): 462/100,000, 989/100,000)]. The YLD rates were similar between male [693/100,000 (95% UI: 461/100,000, 988/100,000)] and female [696/100,000 (95% UI: 463/100,000, 992/100,000)] subgroups. The YLD rate of hip fractures was increasing with age, which reached at maximum of 1,155/100,000 (95% UI: 769/100,000, 1,646/100,000) for participants aged 70 years or above. The rate was gradually decreased with the upgrade of the educational level. The participants with high school education and above reached the lowest of 434/100,000 (95% UI: 289/100,000, 619/100,000). In addition, the YLD rate of hip fractures in rural areas [721/100,000 (95% UI: 480/100,000, 1,027/100,000)] was higher than that in urban areas [650/100,000 (95% UI: 433/100,000, 926/100,000)]. The YLD rate in areas with higher GDP per capita [545/100,000 (95% UI: 363/100,000, 777/100,000)] was lower than that in areas with lower GDP per capita [761/100,000 (95% UI: 506/100,000, 1,084/100,000)]. Moreover, the participants living in the Northwest region were with the highest YLD rate of hip fractures [1,056/100,000 (95% UI: 703/100,000, 1,506/100,000)], followed by the Southwest region [887/100,000 (95% UI: 590/ 100,000, 1,264/100,000)] and the Northeast region [317/100,000 (95% UI: 211/100,000, 452/100,000)]. Conclusion:Hip fractures exerted heavy burdens on the Chinese middle-aged and elderly population. The YLD rate of hip fractures varied according to geographical regions, greater age, rural areas, low educational levels and low GDP per capita. These related factors could affect the disease burden of hip fractures in China.

8.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 624-627, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771952

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To carry out single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP)-based chromosome microarray analysis (CMA) for a boy featuring global developmental delay.@*METHODS@#The SNP array was conducted for the child, and real-time PCR was used to validate its result and identify the origin of pathological copy number variants.@*RESULTS@#SNP array revealed that the patient has carried a de novo 2.5 Mb duplication at 2q22.3q23.3, which encompassed ACVR2A, KIF5C, MBD5, EPC2, LYPD6, LYPD6, MMADHC and ORC4 genes. Literature review suggested that the MBD5 gene from the duplicated region may have predisposed to the global developmental delay shown by the girl.@*CONCLUSION@#The patient's clinical phenotype was consistent to that of 2q23 duplication, for which the MBD5 gene may play a key role. CMA has provided an important tool for the diagnosis of patients with global developmental delay.


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Humans , Chromosome Deletion , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 2 , DNA Copy Number Variations , DNA-Binding Proteins , Genetics , Genotype , Kinesins , Phenotype
9.
Chinese Journal of Infection Control ; (4): 965-968, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-701629

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effect of operating rooms of two different cleanliness on surgical site infection (SSI)in neurosurgical craniocerebral operation,provide reference for the prevention and control of SSI.Methods Neurosurgical craniocerebral operation undertaking in grade I and II operating rooms in a hospital between July 2015 and July 2016 was performed retrospective study,patients in grade I operating rooms were as control group and those in grade II operating rooms were as trial group,occurrence of SSI was compared between two groups of pa-tients.Results A total of 454 patients undergoing craniocerebral operation were investigated,212 patients were in control group (grade I operating rooms)and 242 in trial group (grade II operating rooms).Patients in control group had 25 cases of SSI,incidence of SSI was 11.79%;trial group had 31 cases of SSI,incidence of SSI was 12.81%. Nine cases of SSI were superficial incision infection,there was no deep incision infection,the other 47 cases of SSI were intracranial infection(organ space infection).There was no significant difference in the incidence of SSI be-tween two groups of patients(P>0.05).Conclusion Grade I and II cleanliness operating rooms have no direct effect on SSI in patients undergoing neurosurgical craniocerebral operation,comprehensive prevention and control mea-sures should be taken to prevent the occurrence of SSI.

10.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 825-830, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690740

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the effect of acupuncture at the proximal and distal acupoints combined with neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) for the children with cerebral palsy salivation on the basis of oral function training.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 124 children were randomized into an observation group and a control group, 62 cases in each one. Oral function training (30 min a time) and NMES (20 min a time) were used in the two groups. Acupuncture was applied after NMES in the observation group. The main acupoints were Baihui (GV 20), Sishencong (EX-HN 1), Speech AreaⅠ, Dicang (ST 4), Jiache (ST 6), Hegu (LI 4), Zusanli (ST 36), etc. Scalp acupuncture was for 1 h, and body acupuncture was for 30 min. Pricking blood was used at Jinjin (EX-HN 12) and Yuye (EX-HN 13) for the patients of Ⅴ in teacher salivation grading (TDS). All the treatment was given for 3 courses, 30 days as a course, 5 times a week, once a day. TDS, safety, dysphagia and Gesell development scale were assessed before and after treatment.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>After treatment, the total effective rate of TDS in the observation group was 83.9% (52/62), which was better than 58.1% (36/62) in the control group (<0.05). The total effective rate of dysphasia in the observation group was 88.7% (55/62), which was better than 69.4% (43/62) in the control group (<0.05). The lip and tongue movement, chewing and swallowing after treatment in the observation group were superior to those in the control group (all <0.05). After treatment, the Gesell development scale of adaptability, language behavior and personal social development quotient were better compared with those before treatment in the observation group (all <0.05); the language behavior improved after treatment in the control group (<0.05). The adaptability, language behavior and personal social development quotient after treatment in the observation group were superior to those in the control group (<0.05,<0.01). The adverse reactions in the observation group were less than those in the control group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Acupuncture at the proximal and distal acupoints combined with NMES are better than simple NMES for children with cerebral palsy salivation. The methods could not only improve children's behavior cognitive ability, but also improve the sensation and motor coordination of the lip, tongue, pharynx, etc. As a result, the salivation and swallowing function improve.</p>

11.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 332-334,338, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-705827

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the treatment results for different regions of posterior cruciate ligament ganglion cyst by surgery.Methods From January 2011 to September 2016,17 patients with posterior cruciate ligament ganglion cysts of the knee were involved in this study.5 cases were located on the femoral side of the ligament (upper 1/3),8 cases were in the middle,and 4 cases were located in the tibia side (lower 1/3),15 cases were operated and 2 were not.A total of 13 cases in the upper 2/3 of the ligament were resected by the anterior two approaches through arthroscopy.two of which were resected by the posterior capsule.2 cases of the tibial lateral cysts were resected by posterior approach.Lysholm scoring system was used to evaluate the knee function before and after operation,and Glasgow curative effect system was used to evaluate the final follow-up results.Results A follow-up 6-24 months in an average of (12.6 ± 3.2) months shows no sign of recurrence at the last follow-up,all patients had no complications such as infection,ligament relaxation,et al.Lysholm score was improved from 57.5 ± 5.2 preoperatively to 92.5 ± 3.6 postoperatively,and the statistical difference is very significant (P < 0.05).And curative effect was evaluated well by Glasgow system.Conclusions Arthroscopic surgery is an effective measure in the treatment of postior cruciate ligament (PCL) ganglion cysts.The upper part of the ligament can be resolved through the anterior approach,and the lower part should be followed by the posterior approach,and if necessary,open the way to handle the external part of the joint.

12.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 693-698, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-297224

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the change in the expression of tight junction protein ZO-1 in intestinal epithelial cells (Caco-2 cells) and the protective effect of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) after adherent-invasive Escherichia coli (E.coli) LF82 infection.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The Caco-2 cell line was used to establish an in vitro model of tight junction of intestinal epithelial cells. Caco-2 cells were divided into EPA treatment groups (0, 25, 50, 100, and 200 μmol/L EPA) and EPA (0, 25, 50, 100, and 200 μmol/L EPA)+E.coli LF82 treatment (0, 6, and 12 hours) groups. A microscope was used to observe the morphological characteristics of the cells. MTT assay was used to determine the cell growth curve. The activity of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) at both sides of the cell membrane was compared to evaluate the Caco-2 cell model. MTT assay and flow cytometry were used to investigate the effects of different concentrations of EPA on the survival rate and apoptosis rate of Caco-2 cells. RT-qPCR was used to measure the mRNA expression of ZO-1 in Caco-2 cells after EPA and/or E.coli LF82 treatment. ELISA was used to measure the change in the level of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) in culture supernatant.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>After EPA treatment (25 and 50 μmol/L), the proliferation of Caco-2 cells was induced in a dose-dependent manner. The survival rates of the cells were significantly higher than those in the control group (P<0.05). The EPA treatment (100 and 200 μmol/L) groups had a significant inhibitory effect on the proliferation of Caco-2 cells in a dose-dependent manner. The survival rates of the cells were significantly lower than those in the control group (P<0.05). The EPA treatment (100 and 200 μmol/L) groups had a significant increase in cell apoptosis rate compared with the control group (P<0.05). The 6- and 12-hour E.coli LF82 treatment groups had decreasing mRNA expression of ZO-1 in Caco-2 cells over the time of treatment and had significantly lower mRNA expression of ZO-1 than the untreated group (P<0.05). The Caco-2 cells treated with E.coli LF82 and 25 or 50 μmol/L EPA for 6 or 12 hours showed an increase in the mRNA expression of ZO-1 with the increasing concentration of EPA, as well as significantly higher mRNA expression of ZO-1 than the Caco-2 cells treated with E.coli LF82 alone (P<0.05). The Caco-2 cells treated with E.coli LF82 alone for 6 or 12 hours had increasing secretion of TNF-α over the time of treatment and had significantly higher secretion than the untreated Caco-2 cells (P<0.05). The Caco-2 cells treated with E.coli LF82 and 25 or 50 μmol/L EPA for 6 or 12 hours showed a reduction in the secretion of TNF-α with the increasing concentration of EPA and had significantly lower secretion than the Caco-2 cells treated with E.coli LF82 alone (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>EPA can effectively prevent the destruction of tight junction of intestinal epithelial cells induced by E.coli LF82 infection and inhibit the secretion of inflammatory factors. Therefore, it has a certain protective effect on intestinal mucosal barrier.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis , Caco-2 Cells , Eicosapentaenoic Acid , Pharmacology , Escherichia coli , Virulence , Intestinal Mucosa , Metabolism , Microbiology , RNA, Messenger , Tight Junctions , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Bodily Secretions , Zonula Occludens-1 Protein , Genetics
13.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 827-832, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-360180

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the effect of Platycarya strobilacea Sieb. et Zucc (PSZ) extract on methuosis of human nasopharyngeal carcinoma CNE1 and CNE2 cells and explore the underlying mechanism.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>CNE1 and CNE2 cells were treated with 1 mg/mL PSZ extract and the expressions of Rac1 mRNA and Rac1 protein were detected using RT-qPCR and Western blotting, respectively. Results CNE1 and CNE2 cells showed obvious morphological changes typical of methuosis following treatment with PSZ extract characterized by cell merging, accumulation of large cytoplasmic vacuoles, and membrane rupture without obvious changes in the nuclei. PSZ treatment resulted in up-regulated Rac1 mRNA and Rac1 protein expressions in the cells. Application of EHT 1864 obviously blocked the effect of PSZ extract in inducing methuosis in CNE1 and CNE2 cells.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>PSZ extract can induce methuosis in CNE1 and CNE2 cells by inducing the overexpression of Rac1.</p>

14.
Journal of International Pharmaceutical Research ; (6): 476-480, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-845546

ABSTRACT

Objective To develop some 3-aminooxazolidin-2-one derivatives with bacteria quorum sensing(QS) inhibitory activity. Methods Using (2-hydroxyethyl) hydrazine as raw material, we finished the synthesis through cyclization, condensation, hydrolysis and condensation reaction, and evaluated their inhibition of QS via Chromobacterium violaceum. Results Eight compounds were synthesized and their structures were confirmed by 1H NMR and MS characterization. Compounds Z2 had inhibitory effect against QS. Conclusion None of the eight synthesized compounds have been reported before and the synthetic route is reliable. Compounds Z2 have inhibitory effect against QS.

15.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 1423-1428, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-256583

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the effect of RITA, a small molecule that targets p53, combined with temozolomide (TMZ) on proliferation, colony formation and apoptosis of human glioblastoma U87 cells and explore the underlying mechanism.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Cultured U87 cells were treated with RITA (1, 5, 10, 20 µmol/L), TMZ, or RITA+TMZ (half dose) for 24, 48 or 72 h. MTS assay were used to detect the cell proliferation, and the cell proliferation rate and inhibitory rate were calculated. The effect of combined treatments was evaluated by the q value. The expressions of p53, p21 and other apoptosis-associated genes were detected by qRT-PCR and Western blotting; cell apoptosis was assayed using flow cytometry with Annexin V/PI double staining; colony formation of the cells was detected with crystal violet staining.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>MTS assay showed that RITA at the 4 doses more potently inhibited U87 cell viability than TMZ at 72 h (P=0.000) with inhibitory rates of 25.94%-41.38% and 3.84%-8.20%, respectively. RITA combined with TMZ caused a more significant inhibition of U87 cells (29.21%-52.11%) than RITA (P<0.01) and TMZ (P=0.000) alone. At the doses above 5 µmol/L, the combined treatments with RITA+TMZ for 48 h resulted in q values exceeding 1.2 and showed an obvious synergistic effect of the drugs. Both RITA and TMZ, especially the latter, significantly increased the expressions of p53, p21, puma, and other apoptosis-associated genes to accelerate apoptosis and inhibit the growth and colony formation of U87 cells, and the effect was more obvious with a combined treatment.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>RITA inhibits the growth of human glioblastoma cells and enhance their sensitivity to TMZ by up-regulating p53 expression, and when combined, RITA and TMZ show a synergistic effect to cause a stronger cell inhibition.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Cell Survival , Dacarbazine , Pharmacology , Furans , Pharmacology , Glioblastoma , Drug Therapy
16.
Herald of Medicine ; (12): 960-967, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-495995

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the efficacy and safety of urinary kallidinogenase combined with sodium ozagrel for cerebral infarction (CI), and provide references for clinical rational drug use. Methods Retrieved from Cochrane library, PubMed, CBM, FMJS, VIP, Wangfang database and CNKI ( published until January 2015), randomized controlled trails (RCT)about urinary kallidinogenase combined with sodium ozagrel for treatment of CI were included,then methodological quality were evaluated and statistical analysis of those studies were carried out by Rev Man 5.3.4 software. Results 19 RCTs were included,involving 1 747 patients. Results of Meta-analysis showed that urinary kallidinogenase combined with sodium ozagrel could significantly improve total effective rate[RR= 1.18, 95%CI(1.13, 1.23), Z= 7.97, P<0.000 01], cure rate[RR = 1.42, 95%CI(1.23, 1.64), Z= 4.86, P<0.000 1], neurological deficit scores[MD= -4.40, 95%CI(-5.36, -3.43), Z= 8.90,P<0. 000 01] and activity of daily living scores[MD = 19.14, 95%CI(17.39, 20.90), Z = 21.36, P<0.000 01]. Conclusion Urinary kallidinogenase combined with sodium ozagrel was effective in the treatment of CI, and no significant adverse reactions were observed. The combination therapy was worthy of clinical application.

17.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 173-178, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-487765

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Osteopontin mRNA and protein expressions are highly correlated with the severity of osteoarthritis. OBJECTIVE:To investigate the effect of osteopontin on the gene expression of aggrecan and type II colagen in the human knee osteoarthritic chondrocytes in vitro. METHODS: Chondrocytes were harvested from human osteoarthritic knees and culturedin vitro. The chondrocytes were cultured with 0 (blank control group), 0.1, 1 mg/L osteopontin, respectively, for 48 hours. Real-time PCR was employed to detect the mRNA expression of aggrecan and type II colagen. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:After 0.1 and 1 mg/L osteopontin intervention, the mRNA expression of aggrecan and type II colagen in osteoarthritic chondrocytes was increased significantly (P< 0.05), and the mRNA expression of aggrecan and type II colagen was higher in the 1 mg/L osteopontin group than the 0.1 mg/L osteopontin group (P< 0.05). In addition, the mRNA expression of aggrecan and type II colagen was positively correlated with the concentration of osteopontin (r=0.751,P < 0.01;r=0.676,P < 0.01). These findings indicate that osteopontin up-regulates the mRNA expression of aggrecan and type II colagen in osteoarthritic chondrocytes of human kneein vitro in a dose-dependent manner.

18.
Chinese Journal of Clinical and Experimental Pathology ; (12): 607-610, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-467908

ABSTRACT

Purpose To eva1uate the effects of Annexin A3 on pro1iferation and apoptosis of gastric cancer ce11s. Methods The re-combinant p1asmid pYr-ads-4-Annexin A3 was constructed and ana1yzed by restriction ana1ysis and sequencing and was transfected into MGC803 ce11s. The stab1e transfectants were obtained after screening with G418. Western b1ot ana1ysis was used to examine the expres-sion of Annexin A3 before and after transfection. CCK8 assay,c1one assay and f1ow cytometry were used to study the effects of Annexin A3 on pro1iferation and apoptosis of MGC803 ce11s. Results The recombinant p1asmid pYr-ads-4-Annexin A3 was successfu11y con-structed. Western b1otting resu1ts indicated that the Annexin A3 expression was significant1y higher in ce11s transfected with pYr-ads-4-Annexin A3 compared with ce11s transfected with empty vectors and un-transfected ce11s( P<0. 05 ). CCK8 assay resu1ts showed the number of ce11s transfected with pYr-ads-4-Annexin A3 was significant1y higher than those transfected with empty vectors and un-trans-fected ce11s(P<0. 05). Moreover,the number of c1one in ce11s transfected with pYr-ads-4-Annexin A3 was significant1y higher than the other two groups(P<0. 05). Important1y,high Annexin A3 expression inhibited to apoptosis of MGC803 ce11s(P<0. 05). Con-clusion Annexin A3 expression p1ay important ro1es in tumorigenesis of gastric cancer. Annexin A3 cou1d promote the pro1iferation and inhibited apoptosis of gastric cancer ce11s and it might be a potentia1 target for gastric cancer treatment.

19.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 3163-3167, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-462835

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Osteoarthritis and osteoporosis are two aging-related degenerative diseases. There are a lot of studies on their correlation, but no consensus has been reached yet. OBJECTIVE: To examine the cross-sectional association between phalangeal bone mineral density and radiographic knee osteoarthritis. METHODS:A total of 2 855 participants were included in this study. Phalangeal bone mineral density and anteroposterior films of the bilateral knees were detected. A multivariable logistic analysis model was applied to test the relationship between phalangeal bone mineral density and radiographic knee osteoarthritis after adjusting a number of potential confounding factors. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:A positive association was observed between phalangeal bone mineral density and radiographic knee osteoarthritis in the model that was adjusted for sex, age, bone mass index, smoking status, alcohol drinking status, total energy intake, mean calcium intake, as wel as vitamin and Ca supplementation. This association existed in the total sample and the female subgroup, but not in the male. These findings suggest a positive relationship between phalangeal bone mineral density and radiographic knee osteoarthritis in the female subgroup, which means that bone mineral density is a protective factor to knee osteoarthritis.

20.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 951-956, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-253228

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Studies have shown that irinotecan can improve survival in patients with advanced or recurrent gastric cancer, but the overall benefit of irinotecan in the treatment of advanced or recurrent gastric cancer remains controversial. The aim of this study was to evaluate the benefits and risks of irinotecan for survival in patients with advanced or recurrent gastric cancer. Method We searched PubMed, EmBase, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, reference lists of articles, and proceedings of major conferences for relevant clinical trials. We included randomized controlled trials that reported on the efficacy and safety of irinotecan in patients with advanced or recurrent gastric cancer. Outcomes were analyzed by survival rate, objective response rate (ORR), and toxicity. Furthermore, the analysis was further stratified by factors that could affect the treatment effects.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Eight trials recruiting 1 546 patients with advanced or recurrent gastric cancer were included in the analysis. Overall, irinotecan therapy was associated with a 6% improvement in survival rate, but this difference was not statistically significant (odds ratio (OR) 0.94; 95% confidence interval (95% CI) 0.70-1.27; P = 0.69). However, irinotecan therapy had more frequent ORR than irinotecan-free arm (OR 1.70; 95% CI 1.34-2.17; P < 0.001). Furthermore, irinotecan therapy was associated with a clinically and statistically significant increase in the risk for declined hemoglobin, hyponatremia, and diarrhea, but it also protected against thrombocytopenia risk when compared with irinotecan-free therapy.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>There is no evidence to support the use of irinotecan therapy in patients with advanced or recurrent gastric cancer; however, given the significant advantage in ORR irinotecan therapy using combination regimens may be considered for further evaluation in subsets of patients who may benefit from this treatment.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic , Therapeutic Uses , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Camptothecin , Therapeutic Uses , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Drug Therapy , Stomach Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Treatment Outcome
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