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1.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 567-574, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985810

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical characteristics of colon complications in patients with necrotizing pancreatitis(NP). Methods: The clinical data of 403 patients with NP admitted to the Department of General Surgery,Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical University from January 2014 to December 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 273 males and 130 females,aged (49.4±15.4) years(range: 18 to 90 years). Among them,there were 199 cases of biliary pancreatitis,110 cases of hyperlipidemic pancreatitis,and 94 cases of pancreatitis caused by other causes. A multidisciplinary diagnosis and treatment model was used to diagnose and treat patients. Depending on whether the patients had colon complications,they were divided into colon complications group and noncolon complications group. Patients with colon complications were treated with anti-infection therapy,parental nutritional support,keeping the drainage tube unobstructed,and terminal ileostomy. The clinical results of the two groups were compared and analyzed using a 1∶1 propensity score match(PSM) method. The t test,χ2 test, or rank-sum test was used to analyze data between groups,respectively. Results: The incidence of colon complications was 13.2%(53/403),including 15 cases of colon obstruction,23 cases of colon fistula,and 21 cases of colon hemorrhage. After PSM,the baseline and clinical characteristics at admission of the two groups of patients were comparable (all P>0.05). In terms of clinical outcome,compared to patients with NP without colon complications,the number of patients with colon complications who received minimally invasive intervention(88.7%(47/53) vs. 69.8%(37/53),χ2=5.736,P=0.030),the number of minimally invasive interventions (M(IQR))(2(2) vs. 1(1), Z=4.638,P=0.034),the number of patients with multiple organ failure(45.3%(24/53) vs. 32.1%(17/53),χ2=4.826,P=0.041),and the number of extrapancreatic infections(79.2%(42/53) vs. 60.4%(32/53),χ2=4.476,P=0.034) increased significantly. The time required for enteral nutrition support(8(30)days vs. 2(10) days, Z=-3.048, P=0.002), parental nutritional support(32(37)days vs. 17(19)days, Z=-2.592, P=0.009),the length of stay in the ICU(24(51)days vs. 18(31)days, Z=-2.268, P=0.002),and the total length of stay (43(52)days vs. 30(40)days, Z=-2.589, P=0.013) were also significantly prolonged. However,mortality rates in the two groups were similar(37.7%(20/53) vs. 34.0%(18/53),χ2=0.164,P=0.840). Conclusions: Colonic complications in NP patients are not rare,which can lead to prolonged hospitalization and increased surgical intervention. Active surgical intervention can help improve the prognosis of these patients.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Retrospective Studies , Pancreatitis, Acute Necrotizing/surgery , Prognosis , Colon , Treatment Outcome
2.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 57-63, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995476

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical effect of cosmetic reconstruction for partial defect of distal segment of digits.Methods:Form January 2018 to January 2021, the Department of Hand Surgery of Institute for Hygiene of Ordnance Industry(The 521 Hospital of Weapon Industry) admitted 129 patients with partial defect of distal segment of thumb or fingers with phalange or tendon exposure. The patients were 111 males and 18 females with an average age of 34(17-59) years old. The sizes of nailbed defect were 0.4 cm×1.1 cm-1.8 cm×2.0 cm, the length of phalange defect was 0.4-1.8 cm, and the sizes of the soft tissue defect were 1.6 cm×1.8 cm-3.2 cm×4.8 cm. Great toe tissue flaps were used to reconstruct the partial defect of distal segment of thumb or fingers after debridement. Wounds of fibular flap of great toe in 77 cases were directly sutured in 17 patients. The donor sites in rest 60 great toes were narrowed first and then repaired with skin grafts in 10 cases, with artificial dermis in 28 cases and with transverse V-Y advancement flaps of ipsilateral great toes for 22 cases. Forty-nine of 52 donor site wounds for hallux toenail flap were repaired with artificial dermis and 3 with free peroneal artery perforator flaps. The method was outpatient follow-up. Postoperative follow-up lasted until July 2022. The check-items for follow-up included: occurrence of necrosis, appearance, shape and texture of the flap, appearance of the reconstructed nails, TPD of the reconstructed digit pulps, tolerance to cold on the scars of flaps, flexion and extension of the reconstructed digits. The healing time of phalanges of the reconstructed digits was evaluated by X-rays. The appearance, sensation, the tolerance to cold of great toe and the movement of donor foot were also assessed.Results:Postoperative follow-up lasted for 18 to 24 months, with an average of 21 months. A total of 128 flaps survived. Necrosis occurred in 1 fibular hallux flap, the necrosis was cured with a reverse digital proper artery island flap. Thereafter, all flaps healed well. The appearance, shape, texture and nails of reconstructed digits were close to the contralateral digits. The reconstructed thumb and finger were evaluated according to Zook, 127 cases were excellent and 2 cases were good.TPD of the pulps of the reconstructed digits was 4-10 mm. The mean score of the Vancouver scar scale(VSS) was 0.6 for scars of the reconstructed digits. The mean score of the Visual analog scale(VAS) was 0.3 for the tolerance to cold. Flexion and extension function recovered well in all the reconstructed digits. According to the Evaluation Criteria of Upper limb Function Hand Surgery Society of Chinese Medical Association, the function of hand was excellent in 127 cases and 1 in each of good and fair. X-rays of all digits showed the phalange healing of the reconstructed digits, with an average healing time of 2 months after surgery, without phalange resorption, infection, nonunion nor stress fracture. There was no difference between the length of the donor great toe and the contralateral toe, except the donor site of the great toe nail root. There was no significant visual difference between the appearance of the donor great toe and the contralateral toe. TPD of the pulps of donor great toe was 4-8 mm. The mean score of the VSS was 1.4 for scars in the donor great toe. The mean score of the VAS was 0.7 for the tolerance to cold of the donor great toe. There was no stress fracture at donor site, and the functions of donor foot were not affected when walking, running, jumping and tiptoeing in all patients.Conclusion:It is an ideal method for reconstructing a partial defect of distal segment of digit by great toe flap. It can not only reconstruct the partial defect of distal segment of the digit, but also results in a good appearance and satisfactory functions of the reconstructed digit. Damage to the donor site is minimum. The length of the donor great toe is unchanged, and it has little impact on sensation and appearance of the donor great toe. Meanwhile, there is no adverse effect on walking, running and jumping with the donor foot.

3.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 695-698, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994883

ABSTRACT

Ommaya reservoir implantation is generally used in the treatment of hydrocephalus and intraventricular drug administration. Ommaya reservoir implantation in the subarachnoid space of the spinal cord for the intrathecal drug administration has not been carried out in China, and only several reports can be retrieved from PubMed. About 60%-90% of untreated patients with spinal muscular atrophy type 2 (SMA2) who survive to adulthood often have complex scoliosis and joint deformities. Nusinersen is an effective drug for the treatment of SMA2. And the route of administration is intrathecal injection, which is difficult for patients with severe scoliosis. This article summarizes the process of Ommaya reservoir implantation and postoperative drug administration in a patient with complex scoliosis type SMA2, which provides a new method for clinical treatment of this disease.

4.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 362-366, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994582

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression level between AT-Rich Interaction Domain 1A(ARID1A) in intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) and the correlation with tumor microenvironment.Methods:The clinicopathological and survival data of 110 ICC patients undergoing radical hepatectomy in Peking University People's Hospital from Jan 2015 to May 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. Immunohistochemical staining was used to detect the expressions of ARID1A , programmed cell death 1 ligand 1( PD-L1) in tumor tissues , programmed cell death protein 1(PD-1) and cluster of differentiation 8(CD8) in the microenvironment. The relationship between ARID1A expression and PD-L1, PD-1, CD8 protein expression was analyzed.Results:Twenty seven patients did not express ARID1A, absence of ARID1A was associated with high PD-L1, PD-1 and CD8 expression ( P<0.05). Multivariate analysis showed ARID1A expression, preoperative CEA level,preoperative CA19-9 level, lymph node metastasis and tumor number were independent risk factors. Conclusion:Absent expression of ARID1A suggests poor prognosis of ICC patients, high expression of PD-L1,PD-1 and CD8 protein in ICC tumor microenvironment with ARID1A-deficient expression suggests a possible prognosis benefit by using anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1 and other immunotherapy regimens.

5.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 123-127, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994555

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the surgical efficacy and prognosis of supraduodenal distal cholangiocarcinoma (SDC) and Bismuth-Corlette type I hilar cholangiocarcinoma (BIC), and to explore the clinical characteristics of cholangiocarcinoma at different sites.Methods:The clinical data of 33 patients with SDC and 25 patients with BIC undergoing surgical treatment at the First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University from Jan 2009 to Dec 2016 were analyzed retrospectively.Results:In the BIC group, four patients (16.0%) had combined caudate lobectomy, while in SDC group no caudate lobectomy was needed ( P=0.030). The incidence of pancreatic fistulae in SDC group and BIC group was 18.2% (6/33) and 0 (0/25), respectively ( P=0.032). The cumulative survival rates 1, 3, and 5 years after operation were 94.0%, 54.5%, and 30.3% in SDC group and 88.0%, 28.0%, and 16.0% in BIC group, respectively ( P=0.045). Univariate analysis showed that location of cholangiocarcinoma, residual status and AJCC stage were correlated with postoperative prognosis of cholangiocarcinoma patients. Multivariate analysis showed that BIC, non-R 0 resection and AJCC stage Ⅲ/Ⅳ were independent risk factors for overall survival after surgery. Conclusion:The overall survival rate of SDC patients after radical surgical resection was significantly higher than that of the BIC group.

6.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 7-11, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993962

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical features of patients with local recurrence and secondary operation after partial nephrectomy for renal cancer.Methods:The clinical data of 14 patients who underwent secondary operation for local recurrence of renal cancer after partial nephrectomy in the First Affiliated Hospital and the Second Affiliated Hospital of Naval Medical University from January 2000 to January 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 12 males and 2 females. Nine patients had a body mass index ≥24 kg/m 2. At first diagnosis of renal cancer, nine patients’ R. E.N.A.L. score of renal mass were at least 7. Partial nephrectomy was performed in the first operation of each patient, including 4 cases of open surgery, 6 cases of laparoscopic surgery, and 4 cases of robot-assisted laparoscopic surgery. The pathological stage of nine patients was pT 1aN 0M 0 and that of five patients was pT 1bN 0M 0. Twelve cases were clear cell carcinoma, 1 case was sarcomatoid carcinoma and 1 case was chromophobe cell carcinoma. The mean time from the first operation to local recurrence was (29.3±16.8) months. All recurrence lesions were found by abdominal CT or MRI. Thirteen patients had no clinical symptom at the time of tumor recurrence. The location of recurrence was clear. No sign of invasion of peripheral organs and tissues was observed. There was no other suspicious lesion. The tumor was considered to be completely resectable in all patients. All 14 cases underwent secondary operation. Ten patients underwent radical nephrectomy [tumor size was (2.8±0.9) cm]. Partial nephrectomy was performed in 4 cases [tumor size was (1.8±0.9) cm]after full evaluation by surgeons, including 2 cases of anatomic solitary kidney, and 2 cases of recurrent tumor less than 2 cm with clear tumor margin. Results:Eleven of the 14 cases underwent minimally invasive surgery, and no cases were converted to open surgery. The other 3 cases underwent open surgery. Seven patients had severe adhesions in the operation area. The blood loss in the partial nephrectomy group and the radical nephrectomy group was (100.0±70.7) ml and (143.0±81.2) ml, respectively. According to the Clavien-Dindo classification of surgical complications, Grade Ⅰ and Grade Ⅱ complication occurred in 1 patient respectively, and no patient had Grade Ⅲ or above complication. No tumor cell was found at the surgical margin. The pathological type and nuclear grade were the same as those in the first operation. There were 10 cases of pT 1aN 0M 0 stage, 3 cases of pT 3aN 0M 0 stage and 1 case of pT 3aN 1M 0stage. The follow-up time of 13 patients with complete follow-up data was (21.4±14.9) months after local recurrence resection. The tumor recurred in 3 patients and metastasized in 2 patients. The disease-free survival time of the above 5 patients was (13.2±8.8) months. Of the 4 patients who underwent partial nephrectomy, 3 had recurrence or metastasis. Among the 9 patients who underwent radical nephrectomy, 2 had postoperative recurrence or metastasis, and 7 patients survived without tumor until the last follow-up. Conclusions:For patients with local recurrence after partial nephrectomy who are in good condition and the recurrent lesions can be completely resected, the second operation is safe, feasible and effective. Patients with secondary radical nephrectomy have better prognosis. If the patient has a solitary kidney, the recurrent tumor is small and the margin is clear, partial nephrectomy can also be selected for the second operation. But the postoperative follow-up should be emphasized, and the adjuvant drug therapy should be given if necessary.

7.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 148-151, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993297

ABSTRACT

Three-dimensional (3D) printing is an additive manufacturing technology, which is widely used in automobile, aerospace, food, medicine and other fields. 3D printing technology brings novel solutions for precision medicine. In the field of hepatopancreatobiliary surgery, 3D printing is used in medical education, surgical simulation, patient-specific liver models printing in hepatectomy and liver transplantation. In the future, with the discovery and application of high-tech materials, 3D printing technology will be further developed in hepatopancreatobiliary surgery, and hepatobiliary surgery will usher in a new spring. This paper will review the application and future prospects of 3D printing technology in hepatopancreatobiliary surgery.

8.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 547-550, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991360

ABSTRACT

As an elective or compulsory professional course for traditional Chinese medicine related majors in colleges and universities, Chinese Materia Medica Processing plays a role in imparting professional knowledge and skills. More importantly, the Chinese Materia Medica Processing also has a recessive role in the cultivation of professional ethics. Through in-depth excavation of the rich ideological and political education elements in the teaching of Chinese Materia Medica Processing, the seamless connection between the ideological and political elements and the knowledge module of the course is realized, and the modern Chinese Materia Medica Processing teaching mode with the organic unity of value guidance, knowledge teaching and ability training is built, so as to achieve the unity of knowledge teaching and value guidance while highlighting the professional skills training.

9.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 781-786, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989844

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the prognostic value of sepsis-induced coagulopathy (SIC) in patients with sepsis.Methods:From January 2019 to December 2021, patients with sepsis admitted to the Intensive Care Unit of our hospital were retrospectively classified into the SIC group and non-SIC group according to SIC diagnostic criteria. The baseline clinical data, severity score, total length of hospital stay, length of ICU stay and 28-day survival were compared between the two groups. Kaplan-Meier was used to compare the 28-day survival of patients with sepsis between the two groups. Cox proportional hazard regression model was employed to analyze the risk factors of prognosis in patients with sepsis.Results:Totally 274 patients with sepsis were included in the analysis, including 139 patients in the SIC group and 135 patients in the non-SIC group. The two groups were compared in the perspectives of the Platelet count (PLT), prothrombin time (PT) , procalcitonin (PCT), D dimer, hematocrit, red blood cell distribution width, hemoglobin, acute kidney injury (AKI), the use of continuous renal replacement treatment (CRRT), the use of vasoactive drugs, sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) score, acute physiology and chronic health evaluation (APACHEⅡ) score were compared between the two groups and the difference were statistically different (all P<0.05). Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that the 28-day mortality rate in the SIC group was significantly higher than that in the non-SIC group (32.4% vs. 14.1%, P<0.05). COX proportional hazard model showed that SIC score ( HR= 2.17, 95% CI: 1.15-3.91, P<0.05), APACHEⅡ score ( HR= 1.13, 95% CI: 1.09-1.17, P<0.05) and the use of vasoactive drugs ( HR=3.66, 95% CI: 1.53-8.75, P<0.05) were independent influencing factors for 28-day death in patients with sepsis. Conclusions:Patients with sepsis and SIC have more severe disease and increased mortality risk. SIC score exhibits good clinical value in predicting the prognosis of patients with sepsis.

10.
International Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 311-315, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989356

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of dopamine on oxidative stress and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression in the retinal tissue of diabetic retinopathy (DR) model rats.Methods:Ninety rats were randomly divided into three groups: the control group, the model group, and the dopamine group, with 30 rats in each group. In the dopamine group, the DR model was established by a high-sugar and high-fat diet for four consecutive weeks, and no drug intervention was given to the control or model groups. The eyes of rats in the dopamine group were injected intravitreally with 50 mg/kg dopamine solution. The retinal tissues of the rats in the three groups were observed under a light microscope after hematoxylin-eosin staining. The levels of catalase (CAT), superoxide dismutase (SOD), malondialdehyde (MDA), monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and VEGF were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in the retinal tissues of the rats in the three groups. Western blot was used to detect VEGF expression in the three groups of rats.Results:In the control rats, the inner retinal border membrane was flat, with fewer neovascular endothelial cells protruding into the vitreous, and no neovascularization connected to the inner membrane reaching the intravitreous was observed. Compared with the control group, rats in the model group had more vascular endothelial cells breaking through the inner border membrane, and significant cellular proliferation was observed under the inner border membrane. Compared with the model group, rats in the dopamine group had a less flat inner retinal border membrane, fewer neovascularized endothelial cells protruding into the vitreous, and less cellular proliferation under the inner border membrane. Compared with the control group, CAT and SOD levels were decreased, while MDA, MCP-1, IL-6, and VEGF levels were increased in the model group, and the differences between the two groups were statistically significant (all P < 0.05). Compared with the model group, CAT and SOD levels were increased in the dopamine group, while MDA, MCP-1, IL-6, and VEGF levels were decreased, and the differences between the two groups were statistically significant (all P < 0.05). Conclusions:Dopamine up-regulated CAT and SOD levels and down-regulated MDA, MCP-1, IL-6 levels, and VEGF expression in the retinal tissues of DR rats.

11.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 450-455, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986875

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the mechanism of self-efficacy between self-management ability and self-management behavior and its differences among patients with different disease courses through mediation tests.@*METHODS@#In the study, 489 patients with type 2 diabetes who attended the endocrinology departments of four hospitals in Shanxi Province and Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region from July to September 2022 were enrolled as the study population. They were investigated by General Information Questionnaire, Diabetes Self-Management Scale, Chinese version of Diabetes Empowerment Simplified Scale, and Diabetes Self-Efficacy Scale. Mediation analyses were performed using the linear regression model, Sobel test, and Bootstrap test in the software Stata version 15.0 and divided the patients into different disease course groups for subgroup analysis according to whether the disease course was > 5 years.@*RESULTS@#In this study, the score of self-management behavior in the patients with type 2 diabetes was 6.16±1.41, the score of self-management ability was 3.99±0.74, and the score of self-efficacy was 7.05±1.90. The results of the study showed that self-efficacy was positively correlated with self-management ability (r=0.33) as well as self-management behavior (r=0.47) in the patients with type 2 diabetes (P < 0.01). The mediating effect of self-efficacy accounted for 38.28% of the total effect of self-management ability on self-management behaviors and was higher in the behaviors of blood glucose monitoring (43.45%) and diet control (52.63%). The mediating effect of self-efficacy accounted for approximately 40.99% of the total effect for the patients with disease course ≤ 5 years, while for the patients with disease course > 5 years, the mediating effect accounted for 39.20% of the total effect.@*CONCLUSION@#Self-efficacy enhanced the effect of self-management ability on the behavior of the patients with type 2 diabetes, and this positive effect was more significant for the patients with shorter disease course. Targeted health education should be carried out to enhance patients' self-efficacy and self-management ability according to their disease characteristics, to stimulate their inner action, to promote the development of their self-management behaviors, and to form a more stable and long-term mechanism for disease management.


Subject(s)
Humans , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/therapy , Self Efficacy , Self-Management , Blood Glucose Self-Monitoring , Blood Glucose , Self Care
12.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 475-484, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986816

ABSTRACT

Objective: To methodically assess the clinical effectiveness and safety of robot-assisted total rectal mesenteric resection (RTME), laparoscopic-assisted total rectal mesenteric resection (laTME), and transanal total rectal mesenteric resection (taTME). Methods: A computer search was conducted on PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, and Ovid databases to identify English-language reports published between January 2017 and January 2022 that compared the clinical efficacy of the three surgical procedures of RTME, laTME, and taTME. The quality of the studies was evaluated using the NOS and JADAD scales for retrospective cohort studies and randomized controlled trials, respectively. Direct meta-analysis and reticulated meta-analysis were performed using Review Manager software and R software, respectively. Results: Twenty-nine publications comprising 8,339 patients with rectal cancer were ultimately included. The direct meta-analysis indicated that the length of hospital stay was longer after RTME than after taTME, whereas according to the reticulated meta-analysis the length of hospital stay was shorter after taTME than after laTME (MD=-0.86, 95%CI: -1.70 to -0.096, P=0.036). Moreover, the incidence of anastomotic leak was lower after taTME than after RTME (OR=0.60, 95%CI: 0.39 to 0.91, P=0.018). The incidence of intestinal obstruction was also lower after taTME than after RTME (OR=0.55, 95%CI: 0.31 to 0.94, P=0.037). All of these differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). There were no statistically significant differences between the three surgical procedures regarding the number of lymph nodes cleared, length of the inferior rectal margin, or rate of positive circumferential margins (all P>0.05). An inconsistency test using nodal analysis revealed no statistically significant differences between the results of direct and indirect comparisons of the six outcome indicators (all P>0.05). Furthermore, we detected no significant overall inconsistency between direct and indirect evidence. Conclusion: taTME has advantages over RTME and laTME, in terms of radical and surgical short-term outcomes in patients with rectal cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Robotics , Robotic Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Network Meta-Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Transanal Endoscopic Surgery/methods , Rectum/surgery , Rectal Neoplasms/pathology , Laparoscopy/methods , Treatment Outcome
13.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 617-621, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980769

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical efficacy between herbal-moxa plaster and moxa-box moxibustion for diarrhea type irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-D) of spleen and kidney yang deficiency.@*METHODS@#Eighty patients with IBS-D of spleen and kidney yang deficiency were randomly divided into a herbal-moxa plaster group and a moxa-box moxibustion group, 40 cases in each group. The patients in the two groups were treated with conventional acupuncture at Baihui (GV 20), Yintang (GV 24+), Zhongwan (CV 12) and bilateral Tianshu (ST 25), Yinlingquan (SP 9), and Taixi (KI 3), etc. In addition, the patients in the herbal-moxa plaster group were treated with herbal-moxa plaster (Wenyang Fuzheng ointment, composed of prepared monkshood, prepared evodia rutaecarpa, dried ginger, cinnamon, etc.) at Shenque (CV 8), Guanyuan (CV 4), Zhongwan (CV 12) and bilateral Tianshu (ST 25), Shenshu (BL 23) and Shangjuxu (ST 37); the patients in the moxa-box moxibustion group were treated with moxa-box moxibustion at the same acupoints as the herbal-moxa plaster group. The acupuncture-moxibustion treatment was provided once every other day for 4 weeks (14 treatments). Before and after treatment, the scores of clinical symptom of TCM, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) symptom severity scale (IBS-SSS) and IBS quality of life scale (IBS-QOL) were compared between the two groups, and the clinical efficacy was evaluated.@*RESULTS@#Compared with those before treatment, each item scores and total scores of clinical symptom of TCM, and IBS-SSS scores in the two groups were reduced after treatment (P<0.05). The abdominal bloating score, stool frequency score and total score of clinical symptom of TCM as well as IBS-SSS score in the herbal-moxa plaster group were lower than those in the moxa-box moxibustion group (P<0.05). Compared with those before treatment, the IBS-QOL scores in the two groups were increased after treatment (P<0.05), and the IBS-QOL score in the herbal-moxa plaster group was higher than that in the moxa-box moxibustion group (P<0.05). The total effective rate was 92.5% (37/40) in the herbal-moxa plaster group, which was higher than 85.0% (34/40) in the moxa-box moxibustion group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#On the basis of conventional acupuncture treatment, herbal-moxa plaster could effectively improve the clinical symptoms and quality of life in IBS-D patients of spleen and kidney yang deficiency, and its efficacy is superior to that of moxa-box moxibustion.


Subject(s)
Humans , Spleen , Irritable Bowel Syndrome/drug therapy , Quality of Life , Yang Deficiency/drug therapy , Kidney , Diarrhea
14.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 116-125, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-979456

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the effect of Shouwuwan on the synaptic plasticity of hippocampal neurons in the rat model of D-galactose-induced aging via the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathway. MethodA total of 50 male SPF-grade SD rats were randomized into normal group, model group, vitamin E (0.018 g·kg-1) group, and low- and high-dose (1.08,2.16 g·kg-1, respectively) Shouwuwan groups. Except the normal group, the other four groups were treated with D-galactose (120 mg·kg-1) for the modeling of aging. The rats were simultaneously administrated with corresponding agents by gavage. After six weeks of modeling, Morris water maze test was carried out to examine the behavioral changes. The whole brain and hippocampus samples were collected. The expression of postsynaptic density protein-95 (PSD-95) and synaptophysin (SYN) in the hippocampus was detected by immunohistochemistry. Golgi staining was employed to observe the changes in the morphology and function of neurons. Western blot and Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR) were respectively employed to determine the mRNA and protein levels of mTOR, phosphorylated (p)-mTOR, p70 ribosome protein S6 kinase (p70S6K), phosphorylated (p)-p70S6K, eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4E-binding protein 2 (4EBP2), and phosphorylated (p)-4EBP2 in the hippocampus. ResultCompared with the normal group, the model group showed slow swimming (P<0.01), extended total swimming distance (P<0.05), prolonged latency (P<0.01), and decreased crossing number (P<0.01). The modeling inhibited the expression of PSD-95 and SYN in the CA1 region of the hippocampus (P<0.01), with the weakest staining effect and the smallest region, decreased the intersections of hippocampal neuron dendrites with concentric circles at the concentric distance of 100, 140, 180, and 200 μm from the cell body (P<0.01), and reduced the length and density of dendritic spine (P<0.01). In addition, the modeling up-regulated the mRNA levels of mTOR and p70S6K and the protein levels of p-mTOR and p-p70S6K (P<0.01) and down-regulated the mRNA level of 4EBP2 and the protein levels of 4EBP2 and p-4EBP2 (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, low- and high-dose Shouwuwan increased the average swimming speed (P<0.01), shortened the latency (P<0.01), increased the crossing number (P<0.01), promoted the expression of PSD-95 and SYN in the hippocampal CA1 region (P<0.01), increased the intersections between hippocampal neuronal dendrites and concentric circles at the concentric distance of 100, 140, 180,200 μm from the cell body (P<0.01), and increased the number, length, and density of dendritic spine (P<0.01). Furthermore, Shouwuwan down-regulated the protein levels of p-mTOR and p-p70S6K (P<0.01), up-regulated the protein levels of 4EBP2 and p-4EBP2 (P<0.05,P<0.01), down-regulated the mRNA levels of mTOR and p70S6K (P<0.01), and up-regulated the mRNA level of 4EBP2 (P<0.01). ConclusionShouwuwan can improve the learning and memory ability of rats exposed to D-galactose, promote the expression of proteins associated with synaptic plasticity, improve the morphology of neurons, repair neural function, reduce neuronal apoptosis, and inhibit mTOR signaling pathway to delay brain aging.

15.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 471-478, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973244

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo summarize and analyze the clinical characteristics, diagnosis process, treatment process, and obstetric outcomes of pregnant women with Cushing's syndrome, helping to optimize pregnancy management. MethodsA retrospective study was conducted on 8 pregnant women with Cushing’s syndrome who were hospitalized in the First Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University between January 2006 and August 2022. The clinical characteristics, management and obstetric outcomes were recorded. ResultsPreeclampsia was detected in 4 cases,pre-gestational diabetes mellitus in 2 cases, gestational diabetes mellitus in 5 cases, and hypokalemia in all 8 cases. Elevated serum cortisol, disappearance of day-night rhythm of cortisol, increased 24-hour urine cortisol and decrease in serum ACTH were found in 8 cases by laboratory examination. Furthermore, adrenal adenoma was detected in all 8 cases by ultrasonography or Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Three cases underwent laparoscopic adrenalectomy in the second trimester and 4 cases received surgery after delivery. The diagnosis of adrenal cortical adenoma was confirmed by pathological report. Six cases had preterm birth, while one patient delivered after 37 weeks of gestation and one patient suffered from spontaneous abortion. Among 7 cases of live birth, 6 patients underwent cesarean section and 1 patient had vaginal delivery. Of all newborns, 3 had low birth weight. One case had a birth defect. Four infants were transferred to the neonatal intensive care unit, and two infants died. One child was diagnosed with nephrotic syndrome at 2 years of age. ConclusionsCushing's syndrome is rare and high risk during pregnancy. It requires multidisciplinary diagnosis, treatment, and long-term follow-up. Drug therapy carries a risk of progression and requires intensive care during pregnancy, postpartum follow-up, and specialist treatment.

16.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 204-215, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-960924

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo study the medication rules of Professor. WANG Xingkuan and inherit his academic experience in the treatment of chest stuffiness and pain with the aid of the Traditional Chinese Medicine Inheritance Computing Platform V3.0 (TCMICS V3.0). MethodThe original medical records of patients with angina pectoris in coronary heart disease (CHD) diagnosed and treated by Prof. WANG in the outpatient department of Hunan University of Chinese Medicine from 2017 to 2020 were collected and entered into the TCMICS V3.0. The rules of prescriptions and drugs were analyzed by the software. ResultA total of 1 044 prescriptions of Prof. WANG for the treatment of chest stuffiness and pain were collected. Most of the drugs were sweet and bitter in flavor and mainly acted on the lung meridian, followed by heart, spleen, liver, stomach, and kidney meridians. Among the prescriptions, Shengmaisan was the most commonly used classic prescription, and Xintongling No. Ⅲ was the top experienced prescription. High-frequency drugs mainly included Ophiopogonis Radix, Pinelliae Rhizoma, Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, Trichosanthis Pericarpium, Coptidis Rhizoma, Schisandrae Chinensis Fructus, and Bupleuri Radix. The common doses of drugs were 3, 5, 10, and 15 g. The analysis of formulation rules revealed 129 combinations of common drugs, 58 combinations with confidence > 0.99, and the core drugs of common syndromes. Six core drug combinations were obtained by drug clustering. ConclusionProfessor WANG treats chest stuffiness and pain based on syndrome differentiation following the principles of benefiting Qi, nourishing Yin, eliminating phlegm, resolving stasis, soothing liver, and promoting bile secretion, reflecting his academic idea of "regulation of multiple organs and comprehensive treatment". The core prescriptions can be used for reference by clinical practitioners, but further clinical and experimental studies are still needed to verify their efficacy.

17.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 74-77, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-959008

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To monitor the adverse events following immunization (AEFI) with combined attenuated live measles, mumps and rubella vaccines (MMR) in Huzhou City from 2015 to 2021, so as to provide insights into the implementation of the MMR immunization strategy.@*Methods@#All AEFI caused by MMR immunization in Huzhou City from 2015 to 2021 were captured from the AEFI Monitoring Information Management System of the Immunization Planning System of Chinese Disease Control and Prevention Information System, and the incidence, clinical features and epidemiological features of AEFI were analyzed descriptively.@*Results@#The reported incidence of AEFI caused by MMR immunization appeared a tendency towards a rise in Huzhou City from 2015 to 2021 (χ2trend=124.126, P<0.001). Totally 324 386 doses of MMR vaccines were immunized, and 317 cases with AEFI were reported, with an reported incidence rate of 9.77/104 doses. Following two-dose immunization, the reported incidence of AEFI caused by two-dose MMR immunization was significantly lower than by one-dose immunization (6.01/104 doses vs. 25.43/104 doses; χ2=113.692, P<0.001). The incidence rates of general reactions, abnormal reactions and coincidental events were 6.20/104 doses, 3.42/104 dose and 0.15/104 doses, respectively. Fever and allergic rash were predominant clinical manifestations of AEFI, and no vaccine quality accident, inoculation accident or psychogenic reaction were reported. There were 246 (77.60%) cases with AEFI within 24 hours following vaccination, and among children with AEFI, there were 173 boys (54.57%), and 200 children (63.09%) age ages of less than one year (63.09%). AEFI was reported in each quarter, and 99 cases (31.23%) were reported in the fourth quarter. The largest number of children with AEFI was reported in Wuxing District (78 cases, 24.61%).@*Conclusions@#The safety of MMR vaccination is high in Huzhou City. General reaction is the predominant AEFI, which mainly occurs within 24 hours following vaccination. Two-dose MMR vaccination does not increase the risk of AEFI.

18.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 17-24, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970813

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe clinical efficacy of percutaneous endoscopic transforaminal discectomy (PETD) and target radioffrequency thermal coblation nucleoplasty(CN) on inclusive lumbar disc herniation(LDH) in different age groups, and provide a basis for clinical formulation of precise and individualized treatments.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis of 219 patients with lumbar disc herniation treated with PETD and CN between January 2018 and June 2021 was performed, in which 107 patients were treated with PETD and 112 with CN. Patients were stratified by age into young group(≤45 years old), middle-aged group(>45 years old and <60 years old) and older group(≥60 years old). Before treatment, 3 days, 1 month and 6 months after treatment, visual analogue scale (VAS), Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score, infrared thermal imaging temperature difference (△T) and lumbar range of motion (ROM) were evaluated and clinical efficacy were compared in the different age groups between two treatment methods.@*RESULTS@#①VAS and JOA score outcomes, in the same age group and the same treatment method, the VAS and JOA scores at different time points postoperatively were obviously improved (P<0.05). For the same age group and the different treatment methods, the older group had lower VAS and higher JOA scores after PETD than after CN (P<0.05), and there was no significant difference between the young group and middle-aged group (P>0.05). There was no significant difference in VAS and JOA scores at the same time between age groups by PETD treatment (P>0.05). The VAS was higher and the JOA score was lower in older group than in young group and middle-aged group at 1, 6 months after CN treatment(P<0.05). ②△T and ROM outcomes, in the same age group and same treatment method, postoperative △T and ROM at different time points were obviously improved(P<0.05). There was no significant difference in △T between two methods of PETD and CN at the same age(P>0.05), there was no significant difference in ROM between young group and middle-aged group(P>0.05), ROM was higher after PETD treatment than after CN treatment(P<0.05). There was no significant difference in △T and ROM at the same time between age groups by PETD treatment(P>0.05). There was no significant difference in △T between age groups by CN treatment, but the ROM was smaller in older group than in young group and middle-aged group after CN treatment(P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Both PETD and CN for inclusive LDH have good efficacy, the curative benefit for older patients receiving PETD within 6 months after surgery more than CN, and CN is more appropriate for young and middle-aged patients.


Subject(s)
Middle Aged , Humans , Aged , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Diskectomy, Percutaneous/methods , Treatment Outcome , Endoscopy/methods , Diskectomy/methods
19.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 393-399, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969901

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the characteristics of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and the distribution of HPV subtypes in Shijiazhuang, Hebei Province, and to explore the application evaluation of multiple PCR capillary electrophoresis fragment analysis for HPV typing test. Methods: A population-based cross-sectional study was conducted among 434 women (age range 17 to 74 years old, 260 patients and 174 physical examinations) included from May to August 2022 in Hebei General Hospital. HPV typing was detected by multiple PCR-capillary electrophoresis fragment analysis. Using the multiple fluorescence quantitative PCR kit as a reference, Chi-square test was used to analyze the diagnostic effect of multiple PCR-capillary electrophoresis fragment analysis, and the consistency was analyzed by Kappa value. Results: The total HPV infection rate was 45.85%(199/434), including 35.48% (154/434) of high-risk HPV (HR-HPV), 3.92% (17/434) of low-risk HPV (LR-HPV), 6.45% (28/434) of HR-HPV and LR-HPV mixed infection, 27.88% (121/434) of single type HPV and 17.97% (78/434) of multi type HPV. HPV52 (9.68%, 42/434), HPV16 (6.91%, 30/434), and HPV58 (6.91%, 30/434) are common HPV subtypes. The positive rate of physical examination was 45.40% (79/174), which was slightly lower than that of patients 46.15% (120/260), there was no significant difference (χ2=0.024,P>0.05). The highest infection rate in the 17-30 age group was 54.76% (46/84), and there was no statistical difference among the age groups(χ2=4.123,P>0.05). The sensitivity and specificity of multiplex PCR capillary electrophoresis fragment analysis were 92.96% and 94.04%, respectively, and Kappa value was 0.870, with the multiplex fluorescent quantitative PCR as the reference. Conclusion: HPV infection may appear younger, and the positive rate of HR-HPV infection is the highest, with HPV52, 16, 58 as the main infection subtypes. The detection results of multiplex PCR capillary electrophoresis fragment analysis method are highly consistent with those of multiplex fluorescent quantitative PCR method, which is suitable for HPV DNA typing.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms , Multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction , Papillomavirus Infections/diagnosis , Cross-Sectional Studies , Genotype , Papillomaviridae/genetics
20.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1671-1685, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982808

ABSTRACT

Sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors have been reapproved for heart failure (HF) therapy in patients with and without diabetes. However, the initial glucose-lowering indication of SGLT2i has impeded their uses in cardiovascular clinical practice. A challenge of SGLT2i then becomes how to separate their anti-HF activity from glucose-lowering side-effect. To address this issue, we conducted structural repurposing of EMPA, a representative SGLT2 inhibitor, to strengthen anti-HF activity and reduce the SGLT2-inhibitory activity according to structural basis of inhibition of SGLT2. Compared to EMPA, the optimal derivative JX01, which was produced by methylation of C2-OH of the glucose ring, exhibited weaker SGLT2-inhibitory activity (IC50 > 100 nmol/L), and lower glycosuria and glucose-lowering side-effect, better NHE1-inhibitory activity and cardioprotective effect in HF mice. Furthermore, JX01 showed good safety profiles in respect of single-dose/repeat-dose toxicity and hERG activity, and good pharmacokinetic properties in both mouse and rat species. Collectively, the present study provided a paradigm of drug repurposing to discover novel anti-HF drugs, and indirectly demonstrated that SGLT2-independent molecular mechanisms play an important role in cardioprotective effects of SGLT2 inhibitors.

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