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1.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 247-250, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920608

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the feasibility and reliability of the Brockport physical fitness test in visually impaired adolescents in China to determine its applicability in clinical practice and research.@*Methods@#A total of 41 visually impaired adolescents 10-17 years of age were included. Body mass index (BMI), dominant grip strength, modified curl up, trunk lift, shoulder stretch, back saver sit and reach and PACER were tested twice with a 1 week interval by the same tester using the same instrument.@*Results@#Each item in the Brockport physical fitness test was completed. The intraclass correlation coefficients for height, weight, BMI, dominant grip strength, modified curl up, trunk lift, back saver sit and reach (left/right leg straight), and PACER in all subjects were 1.00, 1.00, 1.00, 0.94, 0.75, 0.78, 0.90, 0.87, 0.89, respectively. In blind subjects, the corresponding values were 1.00, 1.00, 1.00, 0.97, 0.80, 0.92, 0.89, 0.87, 0.87, respectively. In low vision subjects, the corresponding values were 1.00 , 1.00, 1.00, 0.90, 0.71, 0.40, 0.89, 0.85, 0.85, respectively. The Cohen kappa values for shoulder stretch (left/right hand on top) were 0.79 and 0.78 in all subjects, 0.72 and 0.64 in blind subjects, and 0.87 and 1.00 in low vision subjects.@*Conclusion@#The Brockport physical fitness test is a feasible and reliable physical fitness test for visually impaired adolescents in China, however, trunk lift is not recommended for adolescents with low vision.

2.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 247-250, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920607

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the feasibility and reliability of the Brockport physical fitness test in visually impaired adolescents in China to determine its applicability in clinical practice and research.@*Methods@#A total of 41 visually impaired adolescents 10-17 years of age were included. Body mass index (BMI), dominant grip strength, modified curl up, trunk lift, shoulder stretch, back saver sit and reach and PACER were tested twice with a 1 week interval by the same tester using the same instrument.@*Results@#Each item in the Brockport physical fitness test was completed. The intraclass correlation coefficients for height, weight, BMI, dominant grip strength, modified curl up, trunk lift, back saver sit and reach (left/right leg straight), and PACER in all subjects were 1.00, 1.00, 1.00, 0.94, 0.75, 0.78, 0.90, 0.87, 0.89, respectively. In blind subjects, the corresponding values were 1.00, 1.00, 1.00, 0.97, 0.80, 0.92, 0.89, 0.87, 0.87, respectively. In low vision subjects, the corresponding values were 1.00 , 1.00, 1.00, 0.90, 0.71, 0.40, 0.89, 0.85, 0.85, respectively. The Cohen kappa values for shoulder stretch (left/right hand on top) were 0.79 and 0.78 in all subjects, 0.72 and 0.64 in blind subjects, and 0.87 and 1.00 in low vision subjects.@*Conclusion@#The Brockport physical fitness test is a feasible and reliable physical fitness test for visually impaired adolescents in China, however, trunk lift is not recommended for adolescents with low vision.

3.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 1036-1041, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910265

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value of blood-brain barrier permeability (BBBP) parameters based on CT perfusion (CTP) in predicting delayed cerebral ischemia (DCI) in patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) within 24 hours of admission.Methods:Totally 69 patients underwent whole-brain CTP within 24 h after aneurysm rupture from July to November 2020 in Yijishan Hospital of Wannan Medical College. The volume transfer constant (K trans) reflecting BBBP, the time to drain (TTD) and transit time to the center of the impulse response function (TMax) reflecting cerebral perfusion were obtained. Patients were divided into DCI and non-DCI groups. Quantitative and qualitative CTP parameters, clinical data were compared between the two groups. On the basis of univariate analysis, the multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to determine the independent risk factors of DCI using the stepwise regression method. The predictive efficiency of clinical data and CTP parameters were evaluated by ROC analysis. Results:Twenty-one of 69 aSAH patients developed DCI. Whole brain average values of K trans (mK trans) in the DCI group [(0.67±0.16)ml/(100 ml·min)] were significantly higher than those in the non-DCI group [(0.41±0.15)ml/(100 ml·min), t=-6.454, P<0.001]. mK trans in the diffused hypoperfusion patients [(0.61±0.18)ml/(100 ml·min)] was significantly higher than that in the normal perfusion group [(0.36±0.15)ml/(100 ml·min), P<0.001] and localized hypoperfusion group [(0.43±0.16)ml/(100 ml·min), P<0.001]. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed mK trans (OR=1.13, 95%CI 1.05-1.21, P=0.001), World Federation of Neurosurgery Scale (OR=5.35, 95%CI 1.12-25.65, P=0.036) and modified Fisher Score (OR=5.32, 95%CI 1.02-27.80, P=0.048) were significantly independent predictors of DCI. ROC curve analysis revealed that mK trans produced the highest AUC of 0.875 (95%CI 0.78-0.97), with a threshold of 0.545 ml/(100 ml·min) had sensitivity of 85.7%, specificity of 79.2% and Youden index of 64.9% for prediction of developing DCI. Conclusion:It is feasible to evaluate cerebral perfusion and BBBP status and predict the risk of developing DCI in aASH patients who admitted within 24 h after aneurysm rupture using whole-brain CTP.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910063

ABSTRACT

Diagnosis and treatment of Hill-Sachs combined with Bankart lesions in anterior dislocation of shoulder joint is a major clinical challenge in orthopedics, because it likely leads to a high recurrence rate of redislocation of shoulder joint, a serious damage to the shoulder joint, recurrent shoulder injury and dramatically disturbed quality of daily life. Although various means of clinical diagnosis and treatment are available for the lesions, they all have their own advantages and disadvantages. However, arthroscopic surgery of shoulder has achieved superior curative effects, gradually becoming the first choice and a mainstream treatment. This article reviews the current research progress in pathogenesis, diagnosis and arthroscopic treatment of Hill-Sachs combined with Bankart lesions in anterior dislocation of shoulder joint.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910018

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the outcomes of the surgical treatment of fracture of the first metatarsal base with plantar plate via the first metatarsal medial approach.Methods:A retrospective study was conducted of the 12 patients who had been treated for fracture of the first metatarsal base from January 2016 to December 2018 at Department of Trauma Orthopaedics, Renji Hospital. They were 8 men and 4 women, with an average age of 39.6 years (from 27 to 54 years). The fracture affected the left foot in 5 cases and the right foot in 7. Their fracture of the first metatarsal base and tarsometatarsal joint instability were fixated by plantar plate via the first metatarsal medial approach, and reduction and fixation was also conducted via a dorsal incision when other metatarsotarsal joint injuries were combined. Postoperative X-ray follow-ups were performed regularly. The American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) midfoot scores, visual analogue scale (VAS) pain scores and complications were recorded at the final follow-up.Results:All the patients were followed up for 12 to 19 months (mean, 15.1 months). Primary incision healing was observed in all the 12 patients. No complications like skin necrosis, infection or neurovascular lesion occurred. Fracture union was achieved in all the 12 patients after 12 to 14 weeks (average, 12.6 weeks). At the final follow-up, all the patients could walk with full weight-bearing, the plantar flexion and dorsiflexion of the ankle and the muscle strengths of varus and valgus were normal, and the X-ray film showed that reduction of the tarsometatarsal joint was not lost. At the final follow-up, the AOFAS midoot scores ranged from 82 to 96 (mean, 88.9) and the VAS scores from 0 to 3 (mean, 1.2).Conclusion:Plantar plate fixation via the first metatarsal medial approach can result in satisfactory outcomes for fractures of the first metatarsal base, especially for those with a major fracture fragment at the metatarsal planter side.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908866

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the current situation of standardized patient programs and standardized patient educators in China, and to analyze the existing problems in the implementation.Methods:Questionnaire survey was used in this study. The questionnaire was made by Delphi method, and distributed via E-mails or through the internet to medical colleges, affiliated hospitals and general hospitals across the country. Microsoft Office Excel 2016 was used for data reduction and analysis and cartography.Results:A total of 94 medical colleges and hospitals of 27 provinces and municipalities participated in the survey, of which 43.62% had carried out standardized patient programs. The primary factor affecting the program implementation was the lack of standardized patient educators. The existing trainers were mainly clinicians or nurses, and the main way of training the educators was to send them to other universities for learning. A majority of respondents (94.68%) think it is necessary to establish and formulate a unified national certification system for standardized patient educators.Conclusion:The development of standardized patient program is unbalanced in China, and the lack of standardized patient educators has become the primary factor restricting the development. In order to make standardized patients a greater role in medical education, we should encourage different types of personnel to join in the standardized patient training team, to clarify the responsibilities of standardized patient educators, to standardize the process of trainers training, and to establish the certification system of standardized patient educators.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907429

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the clinical efficacy of pulsed radio-frequency(PRF) for knee osteoarthritis(KOA) using Meta-analysis.Methods:The literature of controlled clinical studies on PRF in the treatment of KOA was retrieved, the retrieval databases included China Biomedical Literature Database, The Cochrane Library, PubMed, Web of Science, Medline, Embase, CNKI, Wanfang Database, VIP Database, CBM, EBSCO and Network database. The retrieval period was the time of inception to February 2021. The retrieved literature was screened, quality evaluated and data extracted by two researchers. Statistical analysis was performed using Review Manager 5.3 software.Results:A total of 8 studies were included, including 411 patients with KOA. The 200 patients in the trial group were underwent PRF treatment and the 211 patients in the control group were underwent conventional treatment. Meta-analysis results showed that the experimental group was superior to the control group in terms of knee VAS score, WOMAC score, Lysholm score and effective rate, and the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). Conclusions:PRF is more effective in treating KOA than conventional treatment. The quality of the literature research in this study that met the inclusion criteria was low, and a large number of high-quality studies are needed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of PRF treatment.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907293

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlation between single nucleotide polymorphism of corticosteroids receptor gene(NR3C1)and children with asthma and to analyze the efficacy of inhaled corticosteroid(ICS)treatment.Methods:The study included a control group(100 healthy children)who participated in the physical examination and an asthma group(101 children with bronchial asthma)who were hospitalized in the General Hospital of the Northern Theater Command from October 2018 to October 2020.Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood samples of all enrolled subjects and then the polymorphism of the glucocorticoid receptor gene locus of NR3C1 was analyzed using SNaPshot SNP gene detection technology.The comparisons of allele frequency in rs41423247、rs7701443 between two groups were performed and the treatment effects of ICS in the asthma group were evaluated at the 12th week of treatment.Results:The frequencies of GG, GC, and CC genotypes of rs41423247 locus of NR3C1 were 75.2%, 21.8%, and 3.0% in the asthma group and 72.0%, 24.0%, and 4.0% in the control group, respectively, and there were no statistically significant differences between the two groups( χ2=0.333, P>0.05). The frequencies of GG, GA, and AA genotypes of rs7701443 locus of NR3C1 were 45.5%, 39.6%, and 14.9% in the asthma group and 56.0%, 31.0%, and 13.0% in the control group, respectively, and there were no statistically significant differences between the two groups( χ2=2.259, P>0.05). After ICS treatment, the C-ACT/ACT scores were not significantly improved in children with CC genotypes at rs41423247 locus( P>0.05), while children with GG and GC genotypes were obviously improved( P<0.05). The scores of C-ACT/ACT showed obvious differences among three genotypes of rs41423247 locus after treatment with ICS( P<0.05). The C-ACT/ACT scores of all were significantly improved in children with GG, GA, or AA genotypes at rs7701443 locus after treatment with ICS( P<0.05), while there was no significant difference among those three genotypes( P>0.05). Significantly improved pulmonary function following ICS treatment in children with asthma was observed in GG and GC genotypes of rs41423247 locus of NR3C1( P<0.05), while only MMEF was improved in CC genotype( P<0.05). Meanwhile, those pulmonary function indexes were improved in all genotypes of rs7701443 after treatment with ICS( P<0.05). Conclusion:Both rs41423247 and rs7701443 locus at NR3C1 gene have polymorphisms.But there were no significant differences in the polymorphism of rs41423247 and rs7701443 locus of NR3C1 between the asthma group and the control group.Different genotype frequencies of rs41423247 and rs7701443 at NR3C1 locus in children with asthma have different effects on ICS treatment.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905809

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of hepatitis B (HB) in Huzhou from 2004 to 2017 in order to provide theoretical basis for the prevention of HB. Methods:Descriptive epidemiologic methods were used to analyze the data of HB cases in Huzhou city, 2004-2017. Results:A total of 16 685 HB cases were reported in Huzhou from 2004 to 2017. The average annual incidence of HB was 41.58/105. Incidence tended to decrease (χ2=5 094.667, P<0.01). The incidence of HB among males was higher than that among females (χ2=2 619.143,P<0.01), and the incidence rate among males and females both tended to decrease (male: χ2= 3 408.813, P<0.01;female: χ2=1 716.388, P<0.01). Of the reported case of HB, 83.0% involved individuals between 20 and 60 years of age. Most of the patients were farmers, accounting for 52.41% of the total cases. The top three districts reporting high case numbers were Changxing (4 584 cases (27.47%)), Wuxing (4 356 cases (26.11%)), Anji (3 192 cases(19.13%)), while the top county/district of the annual incidence was Changxing (50.10/105). Conclusion:Incidence of HB kept decreasing between 2004 and 2017 in Huzhou. Adults are the key population vulnerable to HB virus. To further reduce the incidence of HB, it is necessary to strengthen the prevention of HB and HB vaccination rate among high-risk groups.

10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922594

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Primary health workers are the first fine to identify postpartum depression, which is important for patients with this disease to get early specialist diagnosis and treatment. The smartphone-based virtual patient is economical, convenient and effective, and has been applied extensively to evaluate the competency to detect postpartum depression, but there is no relevant application in China. This study aims to use virtual patient to assess the current status on the competency of detecting postpartum depression among primary maternal and child health workers in Hunan Province, and to explore potential influencing factors.@*METHODS@#A total of 222 primary maternal and child health workers from 3 regions with low, medium, and high economic levels in Hunan Province were enrolled, and smartphone-based virtual patients with postpartum depression were used for the assessment from May to July in 2018, and a self-designed questionnaire was used to investigate their demographic characteristics. The competency to detect postpartum depression was measured by 2 indicators: diagnostic accuracy and treatment accuracy. Descriptive statistical methods were used to describe the competency to detect postpartum depression among them and their demographic characteristics. A logistic regression analysis was used to explore the possible influencing factors for the diagnostic accuracy and treatment accuracy.@*RESULTS@#The diagnostic accuracy rate was 64.0%. There was no significant difference between the demographic characteristics and diagnostic accuracy rate (@*CONCLUSIONS@#About half of the primary maternal and child health workers in Hunan Province, China have basic competency to detect postpartum depression, but the overall results are not satisfactory. The regional economic level is correlated with the competency of detecting postpartum depression, and the competency of detecting postpartum depression is stronger in more developed areas. Moreover, for the patients who have been identified as postpartum depression, the rate of correct treatment is low, which warrants particular attention in the follow-up training.


Subject(s)
Child , China , Cross-Sectional Studies , Depression, Postpartum/diagnosis , Female , Health Personnel , Humans , Surveys and Questionnaires
11.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1540-1547, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922292

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the disease types, clinical manifestations, efficacy and outcome of JAK2 V617F and BCR-ABL double-mutant myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN), and provide a reference for the diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of MPN.@*METHODS@#The clinical characteristics, diagnosis, therapeutic efficacy and outcome of JAK2 V617F and BCR-ABL double-mutant MPN were analyzed comprehensitively by combining a clinical case diagnosed and treated in our hospital with literature cases from CNKI and PubMed databases.@*RESULTS@#A total of 38 related literatures were retrieved from the two databases by searching "JAK2 V617F" and "BCR-ABL" as key words from 1990 to 2019, and 59 cases were involved. Among all the 60 cases, 41 were males (68.3%) with a median age of 61 (32-77) years old, while 19 were females (31.7%) with a median age of 58 (21-82) years old. The BCR-ABL fusion gene and JAK2 V617F mutation were found simultaneously in 21 cases (35%), 19 cases (31.7%) with JAK2 V617F mutation were found during the treatment of Philadelphia chromosome (Ph)-positive chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML). Ph@*CONCLUSION@#As cases of BCR-ABL and JAK2 V617F double-mutant MPN are reported, simultaneous detection of JAK2 V617F mutation and BCR-ABL fusion gene in MPN patients is necessary to avoid misdiagnosis and missed diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Fusion Proteins, bcr-abl/genetics , Humans , Janus Kinase 2/genetics , Male , Middle Aged , Myeloproliferative Disorders/genetics , Polycythemia Vera , Thrombocythemia, Essential , Young Adult
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921797

ABSTRACT

Chronical hyperuricemia, a severe metabolic disease characterized by increased serum uric acid, urea nitrogen, and creatinine, has a positive correlation with the risks of gouty arthritis, diabetes, hypertension, and kidney damage. Abnormal purine metabolism and reduced uric acid excretion are the major causes of hyperuricemia, which, thus, points to a potential strategy of preventing from or delaying the progress of hyperuricemia-related diseases and its complications by effectively controlling the serum uric acid level. Increasing evidence has revealed that Chinese medicines alleviate hyperuricemia through regulating intestinal flora, which plays a pivotal role in regulating metabolites, including uric acid level. The disease treatment with traditional Chinese medicine is based on syndrome differentiation, and Chinese medicines often have multiple effects and a wide range of targets. In this review, we summarized the anti-hyperuricemia effects and mechanisms of active compounds in Chinese medicines, single Chinese medicinal herbs, and Chinese medicinal prescriptions in regulating the uric acid level via intestinal flora and metabolites, which will be helpful for further study and application of Chinese medicines in hyperuricemia treatment.


Subject(s)
Arthritis, Gouty , China , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Humans , Hyperuricemia/drug therapy , Uric Acid
13.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2710-2720, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921234

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Histological and functional recovery after peripheral nerve injury (PNI) is of significant clinical value as delayed surgical repair and longer distances to innervate terminal organs may account for poor outcomes. Low-intensity extracorporeal shock wave therapy (LiESWT) has already been proven to be beneficial for injured tissue recovery on various pathological conditions. The objective of this study was to explore the potential effect and mechanism of LiESWT on PNI recovery.@*METHODS@#In this project, we explored LiESWT's role using an animal model of sciatic nerve injury (SNI). Shockwave was delivered to the region of the SNI site with a special probe at 3 Hz, 500 shocks each time, and 3 times a week for 3 weeks. Rat Schwann cells (SCs) and rat perineurial fibroblasts (PNFs) cells, the two main compositional cell types in peripheral nerve tissue, were cultured in vitro, and LiESWT was applied through the cultured dish to the adherent cells. Tissues and cell cultures were harvested at corresponding time points for a reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, Western blotting, and immunofluorescence staining. Multiple groups were compared by using one-way analysis of variance followed by the Tukey-Kramer test for post hoc comparisons.@*RESULTS@#LiESWT treatment promoted the functional recovery of lower extremities with SNI. More nerve fibers and myelin sheath were found after LiESWT treatment associated with local upregulation of mechanical sensitive yes-associated protein (YAP)/transcriptional co-activator with a PDZ-binding domain (TAZ) signaling pathway. In vitro results showed that SCs were more sensitive to LiESWT than PNFs. LiESWT promoted SCs activation with more expression of p75 (a SCs dedifferentiation marker) and Ki67 (a SCs proliferation marker). The SCs activation process was dependent on the intact YAP/TAZ signaling pathway as knockdown of TAZ by TAZ small interfering RNA significantly attenuated this process.@*CONCLUSION@#The LiESWT mechanical signal perception and YAP/TAZ upregulation in SCs might be one of the underlying mechanisms for SCs activation and injured nerve axon regeneration.


Subject(s)
Animals , Axons , Extracorporeal Shockwave Therapy , Nerve Regeneration , Peripheral Nerve Injuries/therapy , Rats , Schwann Cells , Sciatic Nerve , Signal Transduction
14.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 805-810, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912972

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the molecular mechanism of proliferation-inhibiting effect of icaritin on hepatoma cells via regulating miRNA-329 (miR-329) and miRNA-1236 (miR-1236).Methods:Hepatoma cell line HepG2 was treated with icaritin at different concentrations (2.5, 5.0, 10.0, 20.0, 40.0 μmol/L), and the control group only added dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO). The half inhibitory concentration ( IC50) of icaritin on HepG2 cells and cell proliferation rate were detected by CCK-8 after cultured for 36 h. HepG2 cells were treated with 400 μg/L alpha fetoprotein (AFP). After cultured for 0, 12, 24, 36, 48 and 60 h, the effect of AFP on the proliferation of HepG2 cells was detected by CCK-8 method. AFP-3'UTR reporter plasmid pmirGLO-AFP-3'UTR plasmid was constructed, pmirGLO blank vector plasmid, pmirGLO-AFP-3'UTR plasmid, miR-329 or miR-1236 mimics or inhibitors, control plasmid of mimics (NC), control plasmid of inhibitors (INC) were respectively co-transfected with HepG2 cells, and the effect of miR-329 and miR-1236 on the luciferase activity was detected by dual-luciferase reporter assay after cultured for 24 h. Western blot and real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) were used to detect the effects of icaritin on the expressions of AFP, miR-329 and miR-1236 in HepG2 cells. HepG2 cells were respectively transfected with mimics and inhibitors of miR-329 and miR-1236 to detect the effects of miR-329 and miR-1236 on the expression of AFP. Results:The cell proliferation rates of 2.5, 5.0, 10.0, 20.0, 40.0 μmol/L icaritin group and control group were (80.4±2.3)%, (73.2±1.6)%, (51.7±3.3)%, (38.2±4.6)%, (29.5±4.3)%, and (94.0±2.9)%, respectively, and the difference was statistically significant ( F = 75.65, P < 0.01); the differences in the proliferation rate of HepG2 cells between different concentrations of icaritin group and control group were statistically significant (all P < 0.01). The IC50 of icaritin on HepG2 cells was 10 μmol/L. The relative expressions of AFP mRNA in 2.5, 5.0, 10.0, 20.0, 40.0 μmol/L icaritin group and control group were 0.83±0.06, 0.69±0.02, 0.53±0.07, 0.45±0.01, 0.33±0.07, and 1.00±0.01, respectively, and the difference was statistically significant ( F = 42.67, P < 0.01); the differences in the relative expressions of AFP mRNA between different concentrations of icaritin group and control group were statistically significant (all P < 0.01). HepG2 cells were treated by 400 μg /L AFP for 0, 12, 24, 36, 48 and 60 h, and the cell proliferation rates were (102±5)%, (138±13)%, (186±24)%, (260±12)%, (311±15)%, and (348±25)%, respectively, and the difference was statistically significant ( F = 27.483, P < 0.01); the differences in the cell proliferation rate between different time of AFP treatment and 0 h were statistically significant (all P < 0.01). Compared with the control group, different concentrations of icaritin can promote the expression of miR-329 and miR-1236 (all P < 0.01). After co-transfection of miR-329 and miR-1236 mimics and AFP-3'UTR, the luciferase activity decreased by about 40%; after co-transfection of miR-329 and miR-1236 inhibitors and AFP-3'UTR, the luciferase activity increased about 1.5 times. Both miR-329 and miR-1236 can reduce the expression levels of AFP protein and mRNA (both P < 0.05). Conclusion:Icaritin can promote the binding of miR-219, miR-1236 and AFP-3'UTR by promoting the expression of miR-329 and miR-1236, inhibit the stability and translation activity of AFP mRNA, inhibit the expression of AFP, and thus inhibit the proliferation of hepatoma cells in vitro.

15.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 523-526, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912918

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the predictive effect of alternative splicing events and splicing factors on the prognosis of prostate cancer patients with androgen deprivation therapy (ADT).Methods:The relevant clinical and transcriptome information of 60 prostate cancer patients with ADT were downloaded from TCGA database, and the alternative splicing events information was obtained. LASSO and Cox regression models were used to screen the relevant alternative splicing events and splice factors through R language package. The related model was established, and the independent prognostic analysis and related regulatory network analysis were performed.Results:A total of 44 070 associated alternate splicing events were identified in prostate cancer patients, including 3 525 alternate acceptor sites (AA), 3 101 alternate donor sites (AD), 9 035 alternate promoters (AP), 8 663 alternate terminators (AT), 16 772 exon skipping (ES), 228 exon mutual exclusion (ME), and 2 747 retained intron (RI). Through univariate Cox proportional hazard regression model, 1 349 alternate splicing events were identified as disease-free survival-related splicing events (DFS-SE) related to ADT, including 145 AA events, 102 AD events, 243 AP events, 189 AT events, 557 ES events, 6 ME events, and 107 RI events. Multivariate Cox regression analysis show that after adding clinical related information, ME events (ANK3|11852|ME, TCF7L2|151705|ME, UBR2|127390|ME and SLC39A14|140283|ME) may be independent prognostic factors for predicting ADT resistance ( HR = 1.398, 95% CI 1.156-1.689, P<0.01). Conclusion:The combination of ME-type alternate splicing events and related clinical data has certain significances in predicting the effectiveness of ADT in prostate cancer patients, and plays an important role in the research on the resistance of prostate cancer patients to ADT.

16.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 1109-1118, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911843

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize and analyze the clinical data of Chinese patients with colony-stimulating factor 1 receptor (CSF1R)-related leukoencephalopathy, and clarify the phenotypic and genetic characteristics of Chinese patients.Methods:Medical history of patients with CSF1R-related leukoencephalopathy diagnosed from April 1, 2018 to January 31, 2021 in the department of neurology of 22 hospitals in China was collected, and scores of Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), Montreal Cognitive Assessment Scale (MoCA), magnetic resonance severity scale were evaluated. Group comparison was performed between male and female patients.Results:A total of 62 patients were included, and the male-female ratio was 1∶1.95. The age of onset was (40.35±8.42) years. Cognitive impairment (82.3%, 51/62) and motor symptoms (77.4%,48/62) were the most common symptoms. The MMSE and MoCA scores were 18.79±7.16 and 13.96±7.23, respectively, and the scores of two scales in male patients (22.06±5.31 and 18.08±5.60) were significantly higher than those in females (15.53±7.41 , t=2.954, P=0.006; 10.15±6.26, t=3.328 , P=0.003). The most common radiographic feature was bilateral asymmetric white matter changes (100.0%), and the magnetic resonance imaging severity scale score was 27.42±11.40, while the white matter lesion score of females (22.94±8.39) was significantly higher than that of males (17.62±8.74 , t=-2.221, P<0.05). A total of 36 CSF1R gene mutations were found in this study, among which c.2381T>C/p.I794T was the hotspot mutation that carried by 17.9% (10/56) of the probands. Conclusions:The core phenotypic characteristics of CSF1R-related leukoencephalopathy in China are progressive motor and cognitive impairment, with bilateral asymmetrical white matter changes. In addition, there exist gender differences clinically, with severer cognitive impairment and imaging changes in female patients. Thirty-six CSF1R gene mutations were found in this study, and c.2381T>C/p. I794T was the hotspot mutation.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911689

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the predictive values of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-2 (TIMP-2) and insulin-like growth factor binding protein 7 (IGFBP7) in donor sera and lavage fluid on delayed graft function (DGF) in donation after circulatory death (DCD) kidney transplant recipients.Methods:A total of 33 eligible kidney donors and 33 corresponding recipients were recruited. Preoperative serum and renal perfusion fluid samples of donors were collected to determine the levels of TIMP-2 and IGFBP7. Patients were grouped according to whether DGF occurred after kidney transplantation and measured indicators analyzed. Independent sample t test was utilized for comparing the groups with normal distribution measurement data. And χ2 test was employed for comparing the groups with normal distribution counting data and Mann-Whitney test for comparing the groups with non-normal distribution measurement data. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve and area under curve (AUC) were used for evaluating the diagnostic efficacy of indicators. Results:In donor-DGF group, lavage fluid TIMP-2, product of lavage fluid TIMP-2 and IGFBP7 (TIMP-2×IGFBP7), serum IGFBP7 and product of serum TIMP-2 and IGFBP7 (TIMP-2×IGFBP7) were higher than those in donor-non-DGF group ( P<0.05). The AUC of TIMP-2, TIMP-2×IGFBP7, serum IGFBP7 and serum TIMP-2×IGFBP7 in the diagnosis of DGF were 0.753 (95%CI 0.546~0.959), 0.747 (95%CI 0.510~0.984), 0.824 (95%CI 0.615~1.000) and 0.852 (95%CI 0.660~1.000) respectively. Conclusions:Donor serum IGFBP7, donor serum TIMP-2×IGFBP7, lavage fluid TIMP-2 and lavage fluid TIMP-2×IGFBP7 may be used for predicting the occurrence of early DGF after kidney transplantation. Among them, serum TIMP-2×IGFBP7 has the highest diagnostic efficiency and may be an excellent predictor of DGF occurrence.

18.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 620-626, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911082

ABSTRACT

Objective:This study is to investigate the predictive value of serum levels of TIMP-2 and insulin-like growth factor-binding protein 7(IGFBP7) in patients with DCD(donation after cardiac death) kidney transplantation.Methods:A prospective research design was used to select DCD kidney transplant patients admitted to the Li Huili Hospital of Ningbo University from January 2018 to October 2020.Inclusion criteria: ①Complete data; ②There were no serious complications affecting the function of the transplanted kidney in the early postoperative period.Exclusion criteria: ①Incomplete data; ②Patients were unable or unwilling to cooperate with the study; ③Severe complications affecting the function of the transplanted kidney occurred early after the operation.The ELASE method was used to quantitatively detect the serum TIMP-2 and IGFBP7 levels at 6, 12, 24, 48, 72 hours and 7 days after renal transplantation, and monitor the serum creatinine values during the same period and 21 days after the operation. According to the occurrence of DGF, the measured values of TIMP-2 and IGFBP7 at different time points and their product's ability to predict the occurrence of DGF after kidney transplantation were analyzed. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve and area under the curve (AUC) were used to evaluate the diagnostic efficacy of TIMP-2 and IGFBP7 for DGF.Results:A total of 33 patients were enrolled, 7 patients (21.2%) in the DGF group and 26 patients (78.8%) in the non-DGF group. Between the two groups, the donor glomerular filtration rate were [98.5(15.8-132.5)ml/(min·1.73m 2) and 79.1(60.6-102.5)ml/(min·1.73m 2)], recipient gender (male/female: 3/4 cases and 10/16 cases), recipient age [48(34-56) Years old and 45(23-61) years old], the recipient's preoperative creatinine [1114.0(731.4-1293.0)μmol/L and 858.4(657.6-1051.9)μmol/L], the recipient's preoperative urea nitrogen [15.0(13.2-19.6)mmol/L and 17.3(13.6-20.9)mmol/L], receptor preoperative albumin [43.5(38.5-45.3)mmol/L and 41.2(37.5-46.1) mmol/L], recipient dialysis method [hemodialysis/peritoneal dialysis: 3/4 cases and 9/17 cases], warm ischemia time [6(5-7) and 5(4-6) min, there was no statistically significant difference] ( P>0.05). The values of serum IGFBP7 and TIMP-2×IGFBP7 in the DGF group were higher than those in the non-DGF group at all time points ( F=15.753, P=0.040; F=13.000, P=0.024), while serum TIMP-2 was not significant between the two groups difference ( F=1.157, P=0.075). For the diagnostic value of DGF, the AUC of serum IGFBP7 at 48 h after surgery was 0.863 (95% CI 0.696-1.000, P=0.004). When 5.97 ng/ml was used as the cut-off value, the sensitivity was 85.7% and the specificity was 80.8 %. The AUC of TIMP-2×IGFBP7 at 48 hours after surgery was 0.819 (95% CI 0.641-0.996, P=0.011). When 62.06(ng/ml) 2 was used as the cutoff value, the sensitivity was 71.4% and the specificity was 80.8%.There was no statistical difference in the area under the curve between the two ( P>0.05). There were differences in the dynamic trend of serum IGFBP7 and creatinine in the DGF group. Serum IGFBP7 at 7 days after surgery was positively correlated with creatinine at 21 days after surgery. Conclusion:Serum IGFBP7 and TIMP-2×IGFBP7 could predict the occurrence of DGF after DCD donor kidney surgery. The predictive value changes with time. Among them, 48h and 7d after surgery are the most valuable. However, serum TIMP-2 has not been found to have predictive value in this study.

19.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1163-1170, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910703

ABSTRACT

Objective:To measure and compare the geometric rotation axis of the talocrucial joint at different poses during the normal gait.Methods:The kinematic data of 15 healthy volunteers, 8 females, 7 males; age, 26.2±5.4 y (range 19-39 y); height, 170.4±6.9 cm (range 160-183 cm); mass, 65.6±14.0 kg (range 52-100 kg). They were collected using the dual-fluoroscopy technique, and the spatial position of the tibia and talus was determined using the 3D-2D registration method. The medial and lateral side of the trochlear of each talus was fitted by two spheres and the geometric rotation axis of the tibiotalar joint was defined as the line connecting the origins of two spheres. Compared the position and orientation of the axis for different poses during the gait and also compared the difference of the radius of the medial and lateral spheres fitting the trochlear of each talus.Results:The radii of the medial spheres fitting the trochlear of each talus 19.52±1.47 mm,were significantly less than that of the lateral spheres 20.62±1.49 ( t=7.081, P<0.05). The averaged anterior-posterior distance between the geometric rotation point of the tibiotalar joint were 1.54±1.84, 1.71±1.69, 1.70±1.57, 1.72±1.62, 1.80±1.75, 1.96±1.86 mm, respectively, while the averaged medial-lateral distance were 0.06±1.84, -0.03±1.83, 0.08±1.83, 0.10±1.73, 0.10±1.47, 0.09±1.46 mm, respectively, and the averaged superior-inferiordistance were -21.92±1.46, -22.10±1.32, -22.10±1.50, -22.06±1.64, -21.93±1.62, -21.98±1.50 mm, respectively. The averaged angle between the geometric rotation axis of the tibiotalar joint and coronal plane were 3.31°±2.48°, 3.10°±2.67°, 3.64°±2.71°, 3.96°±3.19°, 4.28°±2.82°, 4.16°±3.11°, respectively, while the averaged angle between that and sagittal plane were 84.11°± 2.42°, 83.77°±3.19°, 83.77°±3.45°, 83.81°±3.69°, 83.99°±2.97°, 84.23°±3.01°, respectively, and the averaged angle between that and transverse plane were 4.40°±2.93°, 4.54°±3.74°, 3.97°±3.34°, 3.73°±2.49°, 3.78°±2.76°, 4.48°±2.49°, respectively. The position and orientation of the geometrical rotation axis of the tibiotalar joint at different poses during the gait showed no significant difference ( P>0.05). The rotation axis orientated from laterally and inferiorly to medially and superiorly with an averaged inclination angle from the horizontal plane of 3.74° and an averaged deviation angle from the coronal plane of 4.15°. Conclusion:The geometric rotation axis of the tibiotalar joint was fixed during the gait, therefore fitting the talar trochlea with the two-sphere model with a small radius of the medial sphere and a large radius of the lateral sphere may better mimic the kinematics of tibiotalar joint.

20.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1040-1045, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910688

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the operative treatment and non-operative treatment of the re-ruptured Achilles tendon with rupture end distance within 1 cm.Methods:We retrospectively analyzed 14 cases with Achilles tendon postoperative re-rupture in our hospital from May 2012 to March 2019. All 14 cases showed distance of rupture end less than 1cm during imaging in a passive plantarflexion position. Among the 14 cases with re-rupture, 8 were in the operative treatment group (7 males and 1 female, mean age 36.3±6.4 years, duration from initial rupture to re-rupture 3 to 213 weeks, height 174.9±8.7 cm, weight 75.5±13.9 kg, body mass index 24.5±2.7 kg/m 2, distance of re-ruptured ends 4.9±2.5 mm) and 6 were in the non-operative treatment group (5 males and 1 female, mean age 40.0±9.0 years, duration from initial rupture to re-rupture 4 to 60 weeks, height 173.8±3.5 cm, weight 77.5±7.4 kg, body mass index 25.7±2.5 kg/m 2, distance of re-ruptured ends 5.7±2.1 mm). The Achilles tendon rupture score (ATRS), visual analogue scale (VAS), and foot and ankle ability measure (FAAM) were used to evaluate the result at the patients' last follow-up. Results:All the 14 cases were followed for 8.7 to 92.2 months, with mean follow-up of 39.6 months. Ultrasound or MRI was performed at 6 months postoperatively or at last follow-up to ensure the Achilles tendons' healing. The average ATRS score, VAS score, FAAM-ADL score, and FAAM-Sports score of the operative treatment group were 85.4±13.5, 0 (0, 1.0) , 86.9±8.3, and 76.3±15.4, respectively. While those of the non-operative treatment group were 82.8±5.7, 0.5 (0, 1.3) , 88.1±8.3, and 77.2±15.0, respectively. The average VAS score, FAAM-ADL score, and FAAM-Sports score of the operative treatment group and those of the non-operative treatment group was not significantly different. The ATRS scores of 7 patients of the operative treatment group were between 81 and 96. The satisfaction rate of operative treatment group was 87.5% (7/8). The ATRS scores of 5 patients of the non-operative treatment group were between 81 and 91. The satisfactory rate of non-operative treatment group was 83.3% (5/6). All Achilles tendon re-rupture cases had no complications such as a third time Achilles tendon rupture or wound infection after treatment.Conclusion:For the re-ruptured Achilles tendon with rupture end distance within 1 cm, non-operative treatment achieved similar curative effect compared to operative treatment through extended duration of immobilization and non-weightbearing.

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