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1.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 386-390, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012909

ABSTRACT

In the case of extremely shortage of donor kidney sources, the number of Expanded Criteria Donors (ECD) with relatively poor kidney quality and transplantation effect is increasing. In order to alleviate the contradiction between supply and demand by using transplantable kidneys as much as possible and avoid the failure or poor effect of transplantation caused by poor quality kidneys, the quality assessment and evaluation criteria of ECD kidney have become a research hotspot in the field of kidney transplantation. This paper analyzed the possible ethical defects in the research process, and put forward some suggestions for the transplantation team to strictly follow the ethical principles of "no harm", "beneficial" and "informed consent", and the organ transplantation ethics committee to pay attention to the ethical review of the quality evaluation process of ECD donor kidney.

2.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1026-1031, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009959

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore and summarize the clinical characteristics and treatment of aggressive NK-cell leukemia (ANKL), and provide new insights for clinical diagnosis and treatment of this disease.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 7 patients with ANKL admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Wannan Medical College from March 2014 to July 2021 were retrospectively analyzed, and their clinical characteristics, laboratory and imaging results, treatment and outcomes were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Among the 7 patients, 5 were males and 2 were females, with a median age of 47 (33-69) years old. The morphology of bone marrow cells in 7 patients showed similar large granular lymphocytes. Immunophenotyping revealed abnormal NK cells in 5 cases. By the end of follow-up, 6 cases died and 1 case survived, with a median survival time of 76.9 (4-347) days.@*CONCLUSION@#ANKL is a rare disease with short course and poor prognosis. If combined with hemophagocytic syndrome (HPS), the prognosis is even worse. There is no unified treatment method at present, and the use of PD-1 inhibitors may prolong the survival in some patients.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Retrospective Studies , Leukemia, Large Granular Lymphocytic , Leukemia, Prolymphocytic, T-Cell , Prognosis , Lymphohistiocytosis, Hemophagocytic
3.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 695-698, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009798

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to investigate the incidence of patent processus vaginalis (PPV) in pediatric patients with a unilateral nonpalpable testis and explore the associated factors. From May 2014 to April 2017, 152 boys who were diagnosed with a unilateral nonpalpable testis and underwent laparoscopy in Shanghai Children's Hospital (Shanghai, China) were included in this study. The data were collected and reviewed, and the results were analyzed regarding the age at operation, side, development, and position of the nonpalpable testis. The mean age of the patients was 2.6 (standard deviation: 2.3) years. The testis was absent in 14 cases, nonviable in 81 cases, and viable in 57 cases. The incidence of PPV was 37.5% (57 of 152) on the ipsilateral side and 16.4% (25 of 152) on the contralateral side. The ipsilateral PPV was more prevalent when the nonpalpable testis occurred on the right side ( P < 0.01). Besides, patients with a viable testis had a greater incidence of ipsilateral PPV than those with a nonviable or absent testis ( P < 0.01). Moreover, this rate was the highest when the testis was in the abdominal cavity and the lowest when the testis was in the scrotum (both P < 0.01). However, the incidence of contralateral PPV was independent of all the factors. In conclusion, in children with a nonpalpable testis, the incidence of an ipsilateral PPV was significantly related to the side, development, and position of the testis, while it was independent of these factors on the contralateral side.


Subject(s)
Male , Child , Humans , Infant , Child, Preschool , Testis , China , Testicular Hydrocele/surgery , Laparoscopy , Scrotum , Hernia, Inguinal/surgery , Cryptorchidism/surgery
4.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 903-909, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998261

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo systematically review the effect of neurofeedback training on cognitive function in the elderly within the framework of the International Classification of Diseases 11th Revision (ICD-11), and International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). MethodsA PICO framework was constructed. Randomized controlled trials on neurofeedback training for cognitive function in the elderly from PubMed, Web of Science, ProQuest, and CNKI up to July, 2023 were systematically reviewed. Methodological quality assessment of the included literature was performed using Physiotherapy Evidence Database scale. ResultsA total of 15 researches were included, from ten countries, involving 520 participants, who were healthy elderly individuals or those with mild cognitive impairment. Various neurofeedback waveforms were utilized, such as alpha, beta, theta, beta/alpha, and sensorimotor rhythm (SMR) waves. Intervention duration ranged from 20 to 90 minutes, with intervention frequencies spanning from a long-term intervention of 30 sessions over 12 weeks to a high-frequency short-term intervention of eight sessions over one week. The primary health outcomes focused on cognitive function, including memory, attention, inhibitory control and executive function. ConclusionNeurofeedback training can improve the cognitive function of the eldery, and alleviate cognitive aging.

5.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 394-403, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992614

ABSTRACT

Hip fractures are among the most common fractures in the elderly, presenting to be a leading cause of disability and mortality. Surgical treatment is currently the main treatment method for hip fractures. The incidence of perioperative malnutrition is increased after hip fractures in the elderly due to the comorbidities, decreased basal metabolic rate, accelerated protein breakdown, weakened anabolism and surgical stress. However, malnutrition not only increases the incidence of postoperative complications, but also leads to increased mortality, indicating an important role of perioperative nursing management of nutrition for the elderly patients with hip fractures. At present, there still lacks scientific guidance and application standards on perioperative nursing management of nutrition for the elderly patients with hip fractures. Therefore, the Orthopedic Nursing Committee of Chinese Nursing Association and the Editorial Board of Chinese Journal of Trauma organized relevant experts to formulate the Expert consensus on perioperative nursing management of nutrition for elderly patients with hip fractures ( version 2023) according to evidence-based medical evidences and their clinical experiences. Fourteen recommendations were made from aspects of nutrition screening, nutrition assessment, nutrition diagnosis, nutrition intervention and nutrition monitoring to provide guidance for perioperative nursing management of nutrition in elderly patients with hip fractures.

6.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 253-258, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971069

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the effect of early use of sodium valproate on neuroinflammation after traumatic brain injury (TBI).@*METHODS@#A total of 45 children who visited in Xuzhou Children's Hospital Affiliated to Xuzhou Medical University from August 2021 to August 2022 were enrolled in this prospective study, among whom 15 healthy children served as the healthy control group, and 30 children with TBI were divided into a sodium valproate treatment group and a conventional treatment group using a random number table (n=15 each). The children in the sodium valproate treatment group were given sodium valproate in addition to conventional treatment, and those in the conventional group were given an equal volume of 5% glucose solution in addition to conventional treatment. The serum concentrations of nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-like receptor protein 3(NLRP3), high-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) were measured in the healthy control group on the day of physical examination and in the children with TBI on days 1, 3, and 5 after admission. Glasgow Outcome Scale-Extended (GOS-E) score was evaluated for the children with TBI 2 months after discharge.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the healthy control group, the children with TBI had significantly higher serum concentrations of NLRP3, HMGB1, TNF-α, and IL-1β on day 1 after admission (P<0.017). The concentration of NLRP3 on day 5 after admission was significantly higher than that on days 1 and 3 after admission in the children with TBI (P<0.017). On days 3 and 5 after admission, the sodium valproate treatment group had a significantly lower concentration of NLRP3 than the conventional treatment group (P<0.05). For the conventional treatment group, there was no significant difference in the concentration of HMGB1 on days 1, 3, and 5 after admission (P>0.017), while for the sodium valproate treatment group, the concentration of HMGB1 on day 5 after admission was significantly lower than that on days 1 and 3 after admission (P<0.017). On day 5 after admission, the sodium valproate treatment group had a significantly lower concentration of HMGB1 than the conventional treatment group (P<0.05). For the children with TBI, the concentration of TNF-α on day 1 after admission was significantly lower than that on days 3 and 5 after admission (P<0.017). On days 3 and 5 after admission, the sodium valproate treatment group had a significantly lower concentration of TNF-α than the conventional treatment group (P<0.05). The concentration of IL-1β on day 3 after admission was significantly lower than that on days 1 and 5 after admission (P<0.017) in the children with TBI. On days 3 and 5 after admission, the sodium valproate treatment group had a significantly lower concentration of IL-1β than the conventional treatment group (P<0.05). The GOS-E score was significantly higher in the sodium valproate treatment group than that in the conventional treatment group 2 months after discharge (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Early use of sodium valproate can reduce the release of neuroinflammatory factors and improve the prognosis of children with TBI.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Valproic Acid/therapeutic use , HMGB1 Protein , Pilot Projects , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Neuroinflammatory Diseases , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein , Prospective Studies , Brain Injuries, Traumatic/pathology
7.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 126-131, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970991

ABSTRACT

This study explored a new model of Prostate Imaging Reporting and Data System (PIRADS) and adjusted prostate-specific antigen density of peripheral zone (aPSADPZ) for predicting the occurrence of prostate cancer (PCa) and clinically significant prostate cancer (csPCa). The demographic and clinical characteristics of 853 patients were recorded. Prostate-specific antigen (PSA), PSA density (PSAD), PSAD of peripheral zone (PSADPZ), aPSADPZ, and peripheral zone volume ratio (PZ-ratio) were calculated and subjected to receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. The calibration and discrimination abilities of new nomograms were verified with the calibration curve and area under the ROC curve (AUC). The clinical benefits of these models were evaluated by decision curve analysis and clinical impact curves. The AUCs of PSA, PSAD, PSADPZ, aPSADPZ, and PZ-ratio were 0.669, 0.762, 0.659, 0.812, and 0.748 for PCa diagnosis, while 0.713, 0.788, 0.694, 0.828, and 0.735 for csPCa diagnosis, respectively. All nomograms displayed higher net benefit and better overall calibration than the scenarios for predicting the occurrence of PCa or csPCa. The new model significantly improved the diagnostic accuracy of PCa (0.945 vs 0.830, P < 0.01) and csPCa (0.937 vs 0.845, P < 0.01) compared with the base model. In addition, the number of patients with PCa and csPCa predicted by the new model was in good agreement with the actual number of patients with PCa and csPCa in high-risk threshold. This study demonstrates that aPSADPZ has a higher predictive accuracy for PCa diagnosis than the conventional indicators. Combining aPSADPZ with PIRADS can improve PCa diagnosis and avoid unnecessary biopsies.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Prostate/pathology , Prostate-Specific Antigen/analysis , Prostatic Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Biopsy , Nomograms , Retrospective Studies
8.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 427-432, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930954

ABSTRACT

The main components of the gastric tumor stroma consist of cells in both the immune and non-immune microenvironments. The effectiveness of a series of therapeutic measures such as adjuvant chemotherapy is closely related to the composition of gastric tumor stroma. By analyzing the components in the gastric tumor stroma, we understand the characteristics of the constituents in the pathological structure of gastric cancer, and further explore the connection of each component of the stroma with pathological structure and regulatory mechanisms of stroma components on the occurrence and progression of gastric tumors. Combined with artificial intel-ligence technology to analyze the pathological features related to stroma components of tumor microenvironment, the dynamic changes of immune microenvironment and non-immune microen-vironment in gastric cancer are expected to reveal.

9.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 438-442, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930639

ABSTRACT

Objective:To acquire more scientific, accurate and efficient unplanned extubation (UEX) quality management data by using information technology to directly take the quality index data of unplanned extubation from the nursing medical record system.Methods:From June 2019 to August 2019, a knowledge base of pipeline management including the name of pipeline, pipeline evaluation, pipeline care measures, and reasons for unplanned extubation of pipeline was established in Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital Affiliated to Zhejiang University School of Medicine. Through the analysis of each node of pipeline management, pipeline management system was established. And the non-planned pipeline management data set was directly collected to the nursing quality management system for statistics and analysis, which was verified.Results:In clinical application from September 2019 to september 2020, the direct collection of unplanned extubation quality index data saved 496 hours of nursing labor costs per month, and the accuracy of direct data collection increased from 95.8% (161/168) in trial operation to 100.0% (494/494). The underreporting rate of adverse events decreased to 0. Satisfaction with the application of the quality index management system for unplanned extubation was (4.35 ± 0.73) points.Conclusions:The direct collection of quality index data for unplanned extubation improves the accuracy of the data. Nurses no longer need to report unplanned extubation incidents. The clinical nursing information system and the nursing management system are interconnected to improve the management efficiency of unplanned extubation. It is worthy of application and promotion in clinic.

10.
Chinese Journal of Medical Science Research Management ; (4): 326-331, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958690

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the paths and goals of organized construction for scientific research platforms in large-scale hospitals under the background of organized scientific research in China.Methods:By reviewing the relevant literature, and analyzing the construction of existing international and domestic research platforms for organized scientific research, this article elaborated on the importance and necessity of building a research platform for clinical hospitals under the background of organized scientific research and made suggestions for the platform construction.Results:Organized scientific research requires the organized construction of scientific research platforms. The construction of organized scientific research platforms should always focus on the major national needs, serve major scientific plans, carry out organized talent training, and internal efficient and orderly organization and operation, under the principle of interdisciplinary and multi-level collaborative innovation and development.Conclusions:In response to the strategic needs of national science and technology in the 14-Five Year Plan, the hospital scientific research platforms should be upgraded, integrated, expanded, and improved in an organized way, to form a multi-disciplinary and cross-dimensional platform structure to ensure the smooth development of organized scientific research.

11.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 565-569, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957429

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical value of modified upper urinary tract video urodynamics in evaluating the surgical effect and guiding the follow-up treatment after ureteral reconstruction.Methods:From December 2018 to November 2020, sixty-nine patients underwent upper urinary tract reconstruction and received modified video urodynamics at the time of nephrostomy removal 3 months after the surgery in the RECUTTER database (29 cases in Peking University First Hospital, 22 cases in Emergency General Hospital, and 18 cases in Beijing Jiangong Hospital). There were 39 males and 30 females, with an average age of (40.4±12.7)years. The stricture was located in left in 34 patients, right side in 27 patients, and bilateral sides in 8 patients. The upper, middle, and lower thirds of the ureter were affected in 26, 10, and 33 cases, respectively. The preoperative creatinine was (92.3±26.9)μmol/L, and the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was (85.1±23.2)ml/(min·1.73m 2). The upper urinary tract reconstruction included ileal replacement of ureter in 25 cases (36.2%), pyeloplasty in 8 cases (11.6%), ureteroneocystostomy in 9 cases (13.0%), boari flap in 6 cases (8.7%), lingual mucosal graft ureteroplasty in 9 cases (13.0%), appendiceal onlay ureteroplasty in 3 cases (4.3%), ureteroureterostomy in 3 cases (4.3%), and balloon dilation in 6 cases (8.7%). Based on the pressure and imaging, the results could be divided into three types, type Ⅰ, the pressure difference remained stable near baseline, and the renal pelvis pressure was below 22 cmH 2O(1 cmH 2O=0.098 kPa), and the reconstructed ureter is well visualized during the whole perfusion process; type Ⅱ, the pressure difference increases with the perfusion, but it can decrease to a normal level with the ureteral peristalsis; type Ⅲ, the pressure difference exceeds 15 cmH 2O, and the ureteral peristalsis is weak or disappears at the same time. The management strategies and treatment effects of different subtypes were analyzed. Successful treatment was defined as no further treatment required, the absence of hydronephrosis-related symptoms, and the improved or stabilized degree of hydronephrosis. Results:All 69 patients successfully completed upper urinary tract video urodynamics. The pressure difference was higher than 15 cmH 2O in 8 patients, and the median pressure difference was 37(19-54)cmH 2O. The renal pelvis pressure exceeded 22 cmH 2O in 10 patients, and the median pressure was 63.5 (24-155) cmH 2O. Video urodynamic results of upper urinary tract were classified as type Ⅰ in 60 cases, type Ⅱ in 5 cases, and type Ⅲ in 4 cases. Patients in type Ⅰ do not require other treatment after nephrostomy tube removal. Patients in type Ⅱ should avoid holding urine after the removal of nephrostomy and D-J tubes. All patients in type Ⅲ received further treatment, of which 2 patients replaced D-J tube regularly, 1 patient underwent long-term metal ureteral stent replacement, and 1 patient underwent ureteroscopic balloon dilation. The median follow-up time was 24 (18-42) months. All patients in type Ⅰ met the criteria for surgical success, The pre-and postoperative creatinine in type Ⅰ patients were (88.71±23.09)μmol/L and (88.75±23.64)μmol/L ( P=0.984), and eGFR were (88.06±22.66)ml/(min· 1.73m 2)and (87.97±23.01)ml/(min·1.73m 2), respectively( P=0.969). For type Ⅱ patients, ultrasound showed that the degree of hydronephrosis improved in 3 cases and remained stable in 2 cases. The pre-and postoperative creatinine were (105.97±7.75)μmol/L and (97.63±7.56)μmol/L ( P=0.216), and eGFR were (69.08±14.74)ml/(min·1.73m 2)and (75.95±14.02)ml/(min·1.73m 2)( P=0.243), respectively. For type Ⅲ patients, ultrasound showed that the degree of hydronephrosis remained stable. The pre-and postoperative creatinine were (105.14±44.34)μmol/L and (101.49±57.02)μmol/L ( P=0.684), and eGFR were (65.32±19.85)ml/(min·1.73m 2) and (73.42±27.88) ml/(min·1.73m 2), respectively( P=0.316). Conclusions:The pressure and imaging results of modified upper urinary tract video urodynamics can assist in evaluating the surgical effect of ureteral reconstruction, and the classification has certain guiding significance for further treatment.

12.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 985-991, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956531

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the efficacy of 3D printing technology-assisted and conventional open reduction and internal fixation of multiple rib fracture.Methods:A retrospective cohort study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 61 patients with multiple rib fracture admitted to Mindong Hospital Affiliated to Fujian Medical University and Fujian Provincial Hospital from July 2018 to March 2020. There were 44 males and 17 females, with age range of 18-73 years [(45.1±12.9)years]. Unilateral lung contusion and laceration occurred in 31 patients, while bilateral in 30. There were 19 patients accompanied by hempneumothorax and 16 by flail chest. Totally, 31 patients received 3D printing technology assisted open reduction and internal fixation (3D-assisted incision group) and 30 patients received conventional open reduction and internal fixation (conventional incision group). The incision length, operation time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative 3-day visual analogue scale (VAS), duration of pain, indwelling time of chest tube, total length of hospital stay, postoperative bone callus formation time and rate of rib bone plate loosening were comapared in two groups. The short form 36 health survey (SF-36) score (ie, physical function, physical function, physical pain, general health, energy, social function, emotional function, mental health) preoperatively, at postoperative 6-month and at the last follow-up was compareted between two groups. Complications were observed at the same time.Results:All patients were followed up for 18-38 months [(26.4±5.5)months]. In 3D-assisted incision group, the incision length was (5.9±1.3)cm, with operation time for (84.6±7.8)minutes, intraoperative blood loss for (85.5±13.9)ml, postoperative 3-day VAS for (2.5±0.5)points, duration of pain for (5.9±0.7)days, indwelling time of chest tube for (3.4±0.7)days, total length of hospital stay for (7.0±1.0)days, postoperative callus formation time for (2.6±0.7)weeks and rate of rib bone plate loosening for 3.2%(1/31). By contrast, in conventional incision group, the incision length was (10.9±2.4)cm, with operation time for (127.1±12.5)minutes, intraoperative blood loss for (183.0±30.9)ml, postoperative 3-day VAS for (6.5±0.9)points, duration of pain for (11.2±1.8)days, indwelling time of chest tube for (7.8±0.8)days, total length of hospital stay for (15.1±1.2)days, postoperative callus formation time for (4.6±0.8)weeks and rate of rib bone plate loosening for 20.0%(6/30) ( P<0.05 or 0.01). There was no significant difference in preoperative SF-36 score between the two groups ( P>0.05). At 6 months after surgery, the subscores of SF-36 in 3D-assisted incision group were higher than those in conventional incision group except for "mental health" ( P<0.05 or 0.01). At the last follow-up, all the subscores of SF-36 in 3D-assisted incision group were higher than those in conventional incision group ( P<0.05 or 0.01). There were no obvious complications such as pulmonary infection or atelectasis. Conclusions:For multiple rib fracture, 3D printing technology-assisted open reduction and internal fixation is superior to conventional open reduction and internal fixation for it can shorten incision length, operation time, indwelling time of chest tube, total length of hospital stay and postoperative bone callus formation time, reduce intraoperative blood loss, relieve postoperative pain, reduce rate of rib bone plate loosening and improve quality of life of the patients.

13.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 751-757, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956154

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish the norms of health-related physical fitness measurement scale (HRPFMS) for urban elderly in China, and provide reference for assessing the level of health-related physical fitness of the elderly.Methods:Conducting a large-scale epidemiological investigation with a multistage stratified sampling method among 5 833 urban elderly residents sampled from 6 regions in China.IBM SPSS 22.0 software was used for statistical analysis.The mean, percentile and threshold norms were established based on the characteristics of HRPFMS scores for urban elderly in China.Results:The mean, percentile and threshold norms of total, organic function, motor function and physical adaptive capacity of urban elderly in China were established according to gender and different age groups (60-64, 65-69, 70-74, 75-79, and ≥80 years old). The mean norm of the total scores of male in different age groups were 64.25±12.65, 60.55±12.48, 58.13±13.59, 56.66±12.44 and 53.50±14.66, respectively, and the mean norm of the total scores of women in different age groups were 59.77±12.12, 57.67±12.50, 54.30±12.25, 50.47±13.39 and 41.72±13.11, respectively. According to the mean± SD and mean±0.5 SD of the converted scores, the threshold norms of HRPFMS were divided into 5 states, namely very low, low, moderate, high and very high states, and the values were [0, 43.47], (43.47, 50.23], (50.23, 63.75], (63.75, 70.51] and (70.51, 100], respectively. Conclusion:The norms of HRPFMS for urban elderly in China are well-represented. It can provide evaluation criteria for Chinese elderly health-related physical fitness level.

14.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 330-338, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014130

ABSTRACT

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is the most common eause of autoimmune arthritis in the world.In RA patients serum or plasma cytokine levels may indicate the severity of the disease.Cytokine gene polymorphism can be used as a marker of RA susceptibility and severity.Rheumatoid arthritis is a systemic connective tissue disease.Not only joints, but other organs (lungs.lymph nodes, spleen, skin, heart or eyes) may also he involved.'Hie main goal of treatment for rheumatoid arthritis is to avoid joint destruction through early and aggressive anti-inflammatory treatment.In the past few decades, various therapies were used for patients when methotrexate was ineffective or intolerant to alter the joint and systemic prognosis and the patients' disability.Among them, cytokine targeted therapy have long been identified to be the most promising therapy.This article re- views the effector functions of different inflammatory factors and their role in the RA pathogenesis and the targeted inhibitors targeting inflammatory factors that can currently be used for the treatment of RA.

15.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 921-924, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013082

ABSTRACT

To implement the fundamental task of the Ministry of Education on carrying out curriculum ideological and political education and promoting colleges and universities to implement the morality education, this study tried to carry out ideological and political education for medical students in "medical functional science experimental course", and organically integrated the ideological and political elements of "loving experimental animals and reverencing for life" into the teaching of this course. This paper explored the implementation process and effect evaluation of ideological and political courses from the aspects of teaching objects, design, objectives, in-class and off-class practical activities, and analyzed the current problems and future directions. In order to provide beneficial ideas for the ideological and political construction of college curriculum and help cultivate excellent and innovative medical talents with warmth and feelings.

16.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 323-328, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928316

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the short-term clinical effect of the computer virtual technique combined with pelvic reduction frame in the treatment of complex pelvic fractures.@*METHODS@#Thirty patients with Tile C pelvic fractures treated by percutaneous minimally invasive pelvic reduction frame from April 2018 to April 2020 were retrospectively analyzed, including 21 males and 9 females, aged from 19 to 57 (39.40±9.85) years old. The patient's pelvic CT DICOM data were imported into Mimics software to reconstruct the virtual fracture model. Virtual reduction and nail placement were carried out on the fracture model, and then simulated fluoroscopy was carried out to record the ideal fluoroscopy orientation and angle to guide the correct fluoroscopy during operation. The operation time, fluoroscopy times and intraoperative blood loss were recorded. The quality of fracture reduction was evaluated by Matta image score standard, and the postoperative function was evaluated by Majeed function score standard.@*RESULTS@#All 30 patients achieved closed reduction and percutaneous screw fixation. According to Matta score, the excellent and good rate of fracture reduction was 93.3%(28/30). A total of 67 channel screws were inserted, and the excellent and good rate was 98.5%(66/67). The operation time was (173.54±79.31) min, fluoroscopy time was (90.81±41.11) times, intraoperative blood loss was (81.21±43.97) ml. All incisions healed at one stage without broken nails or re-displacement of fractures. All patients were followed up for 12 months. At the final follow-up, Majeed function score was 73 to 94(85.66±5.33) scores.@*CONCLUSION@#Computer virtual technology combined with pelvic reduction frame could rapidly, accurately and safely reduce and fix unstable pelvic fractures. Computer virtualization could help surgeons to recognition and understanding pelvic fractures, pelvic reduction frame could improve the surgeon's ability to manage complex and unstable pelvic injuries.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Blood Loss, Surgical , Computers , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Fractures, Bone/surgery , Pelvic Bones/injuries , Retrospective Studies
17.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 408-417, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888767

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Bufalin is an effective drug for the treatment of liver cancer. But its high toxicity, poor water-solubility, fast metabolism and short elimination half-life limit its use in tumor treatment. How to make the drug accumulate in the tumor and reduce side effects while maintaining its efficacy are urgent problems to be solved. The goal of this study is to solve these problems.@*METHODS@#A copolymer with tunable poly-N-isopropylacrylamide and polylactic acid was designed and synthesized. The corresponding dual targeting immunomicelles (DTIs) loaded with bufalin (DTIs-BF) were synthesized by copolymer self-assembly in an aqueous solution. The size and structure of DTIs-BF were determined by ZetaSizer Nano-ZS and transmission electron microscopy. Then, its temperature sensitivity, serum stability, critical micelle concentration (CMC), entrapment efficiency (EE), drug release and non-cytotoxicity of blank block copolymer micelles (BCMs) were evaluated. Next, the effects of DTIs-BF on cellular uptake, cytotoxicity, and tumor cell inhibition were evaluated. Finally, the accumulation of DTIs-fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC) and the in vivo anti-tumor effect were observed using an interactive video information system.@*RESULTS@#DTIs-BF had a small size, spherical shape, good temperature sensitivity, high serum stability, low CMC, high EE, and slow drug release. The blank BCMs had very low cytotoxicity. Compared with free bufalin, the in vitro cellular internalization and cytotoxicity of DTIs-BF against SMMC-7721 cells were significantly enhanced, and the effects were obviously better at 40 °C than 37 °C. In addition, the therapeutic effect on SMMC-7721 cells was further enhanced by the programmed cell death specifically caused by bufalin. When DTIs-FITC were injected intravenously in BALB/c nude mice bearing liver cancer, the accumulation of FITC was significantly increased in tumors.@*CONCLUSION@#DTIs-BF is a potentially effective nano-formulation and has broad prospects in the clinical treatment of liver cancer.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Antineoplastic Agents/pharmacology , Bufanolides , Cell Line, Tumor , Liver Neoplasms/drug therapy , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Mice, Nude
18.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 532-536, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888447

ABSTRACT

We aim to design a new glanuloplasty procedure combined with spongiosum to reduce the incidence of glans dehiscence and coronal fistula after proximal hypospadias repair. Patients who underwent urethroplasty by dorsal preputial island flap for proximal hypospadias between January 2014 and December 2016 were reviewed in this retrospective cohort study. Those who underwent spongiosum-combined glanuloplasty comprised the new-maneuver group, whereas those who underwent conventional glanuloplasty comprised the control group. The incidence of complications was then compared. In the new-maneuver group, dysplastic corpus spongiosum alongside lateral Buck's fascia (0.3-0.4 cm wide) on both sides of the urethral plate was separated from the proximal normal spongy tissue, joining into the glans wings to increase tissue volume and covering the neourethra in the glans penis. In the control group, the neourethra was covered with superficial fascia under the coronal sulcus. As a result, the new-maneuver and control groups comprised 47 and 28 patients, respectively. In the new-maneuver group, no glans dehiscence was detected; however, two (4.3%) patients had coronal fistula, two (4.3%) had urethral stricture, and four (8.5%) had diverticulum. In the control group, two (7.1%) patients had glans dehiscence, eight (28.6%) had coronal fistula, four (14.3%) had urethral stricture, one (3.6%) had diverticulum, and one (3.6%) had penile curvature recurrence. The new-maneuver group had less incidences of coronal fistula (P < 0.001), glans dehiscence (P = 0.033), and urethral stricture (P = 0.008) but had a higher incidence of diverticulum than the control group (P = 0.040). It clearly demonstrates that spongiosum-combined glanuloplasty can significantly reduce the incidences of coronal fistula and glans dehisce.

19.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 107-110, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905320

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the effects of neuromuscular joint facilitation (NJF) or isotonic muscle training on dynamic and static balance in healthy young men. Methods:October, 2019, twelve students of Capital Medical University School of Rehabilitation Medicine (aged 20 to 29) were evaluated the balance indexes of single leg standing on stable support with eyes closing and single leg standing on unstable support with eyes opening with BIODEX Balance Tester, and measured 10-meter walking time and Timed 'Up and Go' Test (TUGT) after non-intervention, NJF ankle joint pattern and ankle flexion and extension. Results:The balance indexes, 10-meter walking time and TUGT were the least after NJF (F > 18.941, P < 0.01). Conclusion:NJF ankle joint model can improve the dynamic and static balance ability of human body more effectively than isotonic contraction training alone.

20.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 1205-1210, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905163

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of Flexi-bar on nonspecific low back pain. Methods:From June, 2020 to January, 2021, 30 patients with nonspecific low back pain were enrolled. Firstly, all the patients performed core stabilization exercise (supine bridge, curl-up and four-point support) using Flexi-bar or not, respectively. And the difference of electromyography (EMG) root mean square (RMS) value of transversus abdominis and multifidus was observed. Secondly, they were randomly divided into control group (n = 15) and experimental group (n = 15). The control group performed core stabilization exercise, and the experimental group received Flexi-bar training in addition, 30 minutes a time, three times a week, for six weeks. They were evaluated with Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), and measured the thickness of transversus abdominis and the area of multifidus before and after training. Results:Firstly, there was significant difference in RMS of transversus abdominis and multifidus between using Flexi-bar or not (|t| > 2.468, P < 0.05), except the RMS of transversus in supine bridge (|t| < 2.029, P > 0.05). Secondly, before training, there was no significant difference between the control group and the experimental group (|t| < 1.944, P > 0.05); after training, the scores of VAS and ODI significantly decreased (|t| > 6.808, P < 0.001), the thickness of transversus abdominis and the area of multifidus significantly increased (|t| > 5.937, P < 0.001), and all the indexes were better in the experimental group than in the control group (|t| > 2.411, P < 0.05), except the thickness of transverse abdominis (t = -1.431, P > 0.05). Conclusion:Flexi-bar could facilitate to reduce pain and improve the function of patients with nonspecific low back pain.

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