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1.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 246-255, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006290

ABSTRACT

As people's living standards improve, the development trend of diabetes has gradually become severe. Diabetes is a chronic inflammatory disease associated with abnormal expression of nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) in patients. NF-κB exists in various tissue cells and participates in the regulation of a variety of genes related to immune function and inflammation. Varieties of factors can activate NF-κB when the body is stimulated by external factors, so as to produce inflammation and other reactions. Previous studies on NF-κB mainly focus on cancer, and the pathological mechanism of the treatment of diabetes by related signaling pathways and the progress of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) treatment have not been systematically elaborated on. By referring to the relevant literature in China and abroad, it was found that NF-κB is not isolated in the development and progression of diabetes but is associated with signal molecules related to inflammation, oxidative stress, and energy metabolism, and it is involved in mediating inflammation, pancreatic β cell apoptosis, insulin signal transduction, and other physiological functions. Therefore, blocking the transmission of NF-κB signaling pathway is beneficial to the treatment of diabetes. At present, Western medicine for the treatment of diabetes mainly includes oral hypoglycemic drugs and insulin injections, but the adverse reactions are obvious. TCM has been characterized by multi-target, extensive action, and excellent curative effects in the treatment of diabetes. TCM and its compounds with functions of tonifying Qi and promoting blood circulation, regulating qi and eliminating phlegm, clearing heat and detoxifying, and nourishing Yin and moistening dryness can effectively intervene in the abnormal expression of NF-κB signaling pathway in vivo through anti-inflammatory effects. In this paper, the association between NF-κB signaling pathway and diabetes was summarized, and the modern research progress of TCM intervention of NF-κB signaling pathway in the treatment of diabetes in the past five years was reviewed, so as to lay a laboratory foundation for the study of a new pathological mechanism of diabetes based on NF-κB signaling pathway and provide new targets and research direction for the prevention and treatment of diabetes and development of related TCM.

2.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 35-45, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006266

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo sort out the historical evolution, prescription evolution and modern clinical application of Huagaisan. MethodHuagaisan and its synonym Huagaitang are used as keywords to search the databases of Traditional Chinese Medicine Think Tank, Chinese Medical Dictionary, Airusheng Chinese Medical Database and China National Knowledge Infrastructure(CNKI). According to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, we obtained the information of ancient books and modern clinical research literature related to Huagaisan, and systematically reviewed and analyzed the historical origin, prescription composition, preparation method, dosage, efficacy, medicinal material origin, processing method and modern clinical application of Huagaisan. ResultA total of 198 pieces of ancient book information were included, involving 93 ancient Chinese medicine books. Huagaisan was composed of fried Perillae Fructus, red Poria, fried Mori Cortex, Citri Eoxcarpium Rubrum, stir-fried Armeniacae Semen Amarum, Ephedrae Herba and fried Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, which had the efficacy of promoting the lungs and relieving epidemiological symptoms, expelling phlegm and relieving cough, and treating cough with wind-cold bundled epidemiological symptoms and stagnation of phlegm and Qi. The preparation method was suggested as boiling powder, crushing the seven herbs into coarse particles, the dosage of each drug was fried Perillae Fructus of 1.27 g, red Poria of 1.27 g, fried Mori Cortex of 1.27 g, Citri Eoxcarpium Rubrum of 1.27 g, stir-fried Armeniacae Semen Amarum of 1.27 g, Ephedrae Herba of 1.27 g and fried Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma of 0.64 g, taking 8.26 g when decocting, adding 300 mL of water, decocting to 210 mL, removing the dregs, and taking it warmly after meals. Twenty-one clinical research papers were included to analyze the modern clinical application of Huagaisan, which was mainly used in the treatment of respiratory diseases such as pneumonia, asthma, bronchitis and so on. ConclusionThis paper has verified and summarized the key information of the famous classical formula Huagaisan, which can provide a detailed reference basis for the development and clinical application of its compound preparation.

3.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 561-567, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005708

ABSTRACT

【Objective:】 To explore the current situation and problems of village-level health human resource allocation based on the theory of policy change, and to help rural revitalization and healthy rural construction from the perspective of "consolidating the basic level foundation as fundamental policy". 【Methods:】 a) Information census method. A round-the-box survey on the distribution of health human resources at village-level in 14 rural towns and villages in H district was conducted. b) In-depth interview method. Based on the principle of information saturation, three township and villages clinics and community stations were selected for field observation, and in-depth personal interviews were conducted with key insiders. 【Results:】 The health policy environment changed significantly with the spatiotemporal changes. "Hollow village" and "inverted village" coexisted. The change of registered population and permanent resident population accelerated, old village doctors and new village doctors continued on the same hand, village clinics and community station were in "double track" of management progress. With the change of internal and external environment of the above-mentioned policies, the allocation of health human resources at village level needs to be studied urgently. 【Discussion:】 Under the dual function of external and internal environment, the policy change is inevitable. The health human resource distribution at village-level should be integrated with the system in terms of policy. The career development mechanism is connected up and down. Team construction revolves around suitable and applicable for batch training.

4.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 1057-1062, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005634

ABSTRACT

Patient experience is an important window for modern hospital management and medical service quality, and also an important point for humanistic hospital construction. Improving patient experience is of great significance for constructing harmonious doctor-patient relationship and improving patients’ satisfaction and sense of gain. Based on the perspective of patient experience improvement, this paper analyzed the core value of "patient demand first" of Mayo Clinic and the operational experience of Cleveland Medical Center Patient Experience Office, and applied them to the cultivation of humanistic hospital culture in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi’an Jiaotong University. Based on the concept of "strengthening patient demand orientation", with the goal of "building a high-quality patient service system and significantly improving patient satisfaction", through building education platforms for medical ethics and medical humanism, exploring the medical humanism dissemination mode for medical staff, and carrying out the humanism literacy cultivation practice in the training camp for improving hospital service efficiency, the humanistic cultural atmosphere of the hospital has been further enhanced, and the patient satisfaction has been steadily improved. It provides reference for the cultivation of humanistic literacy and the construction of new culture in public hospitals in the context of high-quality development.

5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3151-3159, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999068

ABSTRACT

The taste of oral dosage forms has become a critical factor affecting the drug compliance and adherence to the treatment, and clinical application of the drug product may seriously restricted due to its bad taste. On the basis of the statement for the basic principle and specific performance of existing instruments, the application progress of electronic tongue on drug taste evaluation is addressed in detail. In view of its objective, fatigue-free, less harmful and accurate advantages, electronic tongue has been widely and meaningfully applied in the aspects of bitterness masking, and quality assessment and assurance of drug products. In addition, the reasons limiting the popularization of electronic tongue are mentioned in the paper, and some suggestions might be useful to enlarge the further application in the future.

6.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 230-233, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996066

ABSTRACT

As the " bottom" of the rural three-level medical and health network, the village clinic is the closest medical and health institution to the villagers. Through field research on H District of Beijing, the author found that the government implemented the management responsibility of village clinics by issuing health policies to carry out the standardization construction, strengthened the practice management of village doctors, and stabilized the income source of rural doctors, so that village doctors could better assume the functions of village level public health and prevention and treatment of common diseases. However, the unclear ownership relationship of village clinics and the labor relationship of village doctors, the differences in hardware configuration and the convergence of post responsibilities under different management systems affected the government′s implementation of the management responsibility of village clinics. Therefore, it could be necessary to pay attention to the change of policy environment, timely reform and mechanism integration of village clinics, and establish a career development mechanism connecting counties and villages. The bottleneck in the construction of village clinics will be broken, and the goal of " quality medical and health services nearby" for rural residents will be realized.

7.
Chinese Journal of Medical Science Research Management ; (4): 220-224, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995859

ABSTRACT

Objective:This study aims to explore the possible development path of hospital research assistants in China based on the cognition of the demand and management status quo from research management personnel in tertiary hospitals.Methods:62 scientific research management personnel from all over the country were surveyed, data about their cognition and the current status of scientific research assistants, that including the willingness of employ, position cognition, eligibility and competence, quantity and efficiency, management implementation, influencing factors and difficulties in team development, were collected and analyzed. Regarding to the practical needs and management status, the results were described by frequency, percentage and average score, and the rank sum test was used to verify whether there was any difference in the employment intention between the management department and the project team in the cognition of the survey subjects.Results:From the perspective of scientific research managers, there is a strong willingness at hospital level to employ the research assistant, positions require applicants with bachelor′s degree or above in medicine or other related majors. The most urgent needs are management of project funds, equipment and consumables, research integrity and ethics.The interviewees who work with research assistants think that the effect of research assistants on improving scientific research efficiency is obvious.However, the percentage of formulation of research assistants management measures is less than 40%, and the percentages of uniformly organized training and assessment are relatively low. There are still problems and challenges, such as incomplete cognition of the positioning and function, incomplete functional and vocational system, imperfect incentive mechanism and insufficient support for ability cultivation and improvement.Conclusions:It′s necessary to strengthen the top-down design of the development of scientific research assistant team and the construction of career system, improve the management basis and implementation mechanism, supporting resources should be in place, and promote capacity building system in order to develop a long-term mechanism of mutual promotion between the team building of scientific research assistants and the innovation of hospital scientific research management.

8.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 254-259, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995499

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical effect of free anterolateral thigh perforator flap(ALTPF) in reconstruction of temporal scalp defect after blood circulation reconstruction surgery for moyamoya disease.Methods:From May 2020 to July 2022, 7 patients with scalp defect after revascularisation of moyamoya disease were treated in Department of Hand and Foot Microsurgery, Henan Provincial People’s Hospital (People’s Hospital of Zhengzhou University). The patients were 4 males and 3 females, aged 33-59 years old, at 43 years old in average. There were 5 defects in left tempus and 2 in right tempus. The sizes of scalp defect were 4.5 cm × 5.5 cm-7.5 cm × 9.5 cm. Debridement and VSD management were primarily performed. After wounds were stabilised, ultrasound location of perforator vessels of ALTPFs was performed. Having confirmed that the perforator vessels were suitable for the surgical requirements, flap transfers were then performed. The descending branch of the lateral femoral circumflex artery was end-to-side anastomosed with the superficial temporal artery, and the descending branch of the lateral femoral circumflex vein was end-to-end anastomosed with the superficial temporal vein. Postoperative follow-up was conducted through outpatient clinic visits, telephone and WeChat reviews. Appearance, texture of ALTPFs and the flap donor sites were observed in follow-ups. Comparisons of the changes of nervous system before and after surgery were made. Cognitive function of the patients was assessed with the Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE), together with the Activities of Daily Living (ADL) .Results:All 7 flaps survived. One flap had vascular compromise 6 hours after surgery, and was rectified after surgical intervention. All the patients were included in the postoperative follow-up for 7-33 (average 19) months. All flaps had good appearance with soft texture. There was no obvious difference in colour comparing with the skin around the recipient region. The donor sites healed well without hypertrophic scar. Examinations of nervous system of the patients were found the same as that before surgery. Using Manual Muscle Testing (MMT), the average limb muscle strength of the patients was 4 before surgery and 4 after surgery, without change; Using the Ashworth assessment scale, the average preoperative and postoperative limb muscle tension in this group of patients was 1, without change; The Berg balance scale was used to evaluate the patient's balance function, with an average score of 42 before surgery and 42 after surgery, without any changes; There was no change in limb sensation before and after surgery; Using the MMSE, the average preoperative score and postoperative score of this group of patients were 25 points, without any change. Using the modified Barthel index scoring standard, the average preoperative score for this group of patients was 75 points, and the average postoperative score was 79 points, and the ADL of the patient had improved to various levels.Conclusion:Reconstruction of scalp defect with free ALTPF after revascularisation of moyamoya disease has obvious advantages, such as it closes the wound quickly, prevents infection and achieves a good appearance. This surgical procedure can produce a good clinical effect.

9.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 441-447, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995122

ABSTRACT

The severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection has spread worldwide and threatened human's health. With the passing of time, the epidemiology of coronavirus disease 2019 evolves and the knowledge of SARS-CoV-2 infection accumu-lates. To further improve the scientific and standardized diagnosis and treatment of maternal SARS-CoV-2 infection in China, the Chinese Society of Perinatal Medicine of Chinese Medical Association commissioned leading experts to develop the Recommendations for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Maternal SARS-CoV-2 Infection under the guidance of the Maternal and Child Health Department of the National Health Commission. This recommendations includes the epidemiology, diagnosis, management, maternal care, medication treatment, care of birth and newborns, and psychological support associated with maternal SARS-CoV-2 infection. It is hoped that the recommendations will effectively help the clinical management of maternal SARS-CoV-2 infection.

10.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 365-373, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994841

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the efficacy and safety of different anti-platelet regimens in the treatment of high-risk non-disabling ischemic cerebrovascular events (HR-NICE) guided by point-of-care testing of CYP2C19 gene. Methods:A single-centre, prospective, randomised, open-label, and blinded endpoint design was uesd in the study. From July 2020 to January 2022, HR-NICE patients were enrolled in the Stroke Green Channel and Department of Neurology of Xuzhou Central Hospital, and all patients were scraped the buccal mucosa for screening for CYP2C19 loss-of-function allele carriers by point-of-care testing . Patients with intermediate metabolism were defined as those who carried 1 loss-of-function allele and patients with poor metabolism were those who carried 2 loss-of-function alleles. This study reduced the test turnaround time to 1 hour by using a fully automated medical polymerase chain reaction analyzer for a point-of-care test of CYP2C19 genotype. CYP2C19 loss-of-function allele carriers were divided according to the random number table method into the conventional treatment group (clopidogrel 75 mg, once a day), the ticagrelor group (ticagrelor 90 mg, twice a day) and the intensive dose group (clopidogrel 150 mg, once a day) separately combined with aspirin (100 mg, once a day) dual antiplatelet for 21 days. Baseline information, Acute Stroke Org 10172 Treatment Trial staging, 90-day modified Rankin Scale score, occurrence of adverse events and severe adverse events were collected for all the 3 groups. The primary efficacy outcome was new stroke within 90 days, and the primary safety outcome was severe or moderate bleeding within 90 days. Results:A total of 716 patients were included: 240 in the conventional treatment group, 240 in the ticagrelor group and 236 in the intensive dose group. There was no statistically significant difference between the 3 groups at baseline (all P>0.05). There were 26 cases (10.8%) with new stroke events in the conventional treatment group, 11 cases (4.6%) in the ticagrelor group and 4 cases (1.7%) in the intensive dose group, with statistically significant differences among the 3 groups (χ 2=19.28, P<0.05), and the differences between the conventional treatment group and the ticagrelor group (χ 2=6.59, P=0.010) and between the conventional treatment group and the intensive dose group (χ 2=16.83, P<0.001) were statistically significant, whereas the difference between the ticagrelor group and the intensive dose group was not statistically significant ( P>0.05). In the 3 groups, there was 1 case (0.4%) of severe bleeding in the conventional treatment group, 6 cases (2.5%) in the ticagrelor group and none in the intensive dose group, which showed statistically significant differences (χ 2=7.23, P<0.05), and there was statistically significant difference between the ticagrelor group and the intensive dose group ( P=0.030). Among the patients with intermediate CYP2C19 metabolism, there were 13 cases (13/158, 8.2%) with 90-day recurrent stroke in the conventional treatment group, 4 cases (4/153, 2.6%) in the ticagrelor group, and 0 case (0/159) in the intensive dose group, with statistically significant difference (χ 2=16.04, P<0.001), and the differences between the intensive dose group and the conventional treatment group were statistically significant (χ 2=13.64, P<0.001), whereas there was no statistically significant difference between the intensive dose group and the ticagrelor group ( P>0.05). In the patients with 90-day recurrent stroke in the intensive dose group, there was 0 case (0/159) with intermediate metabolism and 4 cases (4/77,5.2%) with poor metabolism, with statistically significant differences ( P=0.011), whereas there were no statistically significant differences in the conventional treatment group and the ticagrelor group ( P>0.05). Conclusions:Screening carriers of CYP2C19 loss-of-function alleles by point-of-care testing can quickly and precisely guide the treatment of patients with non-cardiogenic HR-NICE. An intensive clopidogrel dose of 150 mg, once a day combined with aspirin was effective in reducing stroke recurrence with less occurrence of any bleeding and adverse events, and patients with intermediate CYP2C19 metabolism may be the best population to benefit.

11.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 486-491, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994733

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the current status of psychosomatic medical service competence and training needs among general practice resident physicians.Methods:An online questionnaire survey was conducted from August to September 2021, among general practice resident physicians selected by cluster sampling from 4 affiliated hospitals of Tongji University. The questionnaire contained the basic information, the self-assessment and training needs of psychosomatic medical service competence of participants, and psychosomatic medical service requirements of patients in the community.Results:A total of 159 questionnaires were distributed, and 140 were collected (88.1%). The survey showed that 25.7% (36/140) of participants believed that 50% or more patients had physical symptoms accompanied by emotional problems; 29.3% (41/140) thought that 50% or more patients had sleep problems, but 60.0% (84/140) of them failed to provide appropriate treatment. The rate of "core knowledge and concepts of psychosomatic medicine" was 47.5% (665/1 400) and the correct rate of "common psychosomatic diseases" was (64.6±23.4)%. Merely 21.4% (30/140) participants reported satisfaction with the psychosomatic medical service competence; 62.8% (88/140) respondents believed that the coverage rate of the above-mentioned competence training in the current general practice residential training program was less than 50%, and 66.4% (93/140) supported that more psychosomatic training was "necessary". The acceptance rate of online training, workshops, MDT, and clinical practice ranged from 56.4% (79/140) to 63.4% (89/140).Conclusions:The survey indicates that there are large needs for psychosomatic medical services among patients in community, but the competence and confidence of general practice resident physicians to provide the service are significantly insufficient. Therefore, it is suggested to strengthen the training of psychosomatic medical service competence in the general practice residency training program.

12.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 467-473, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994730

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between vaccination doses and the duration of positive nucleic acid or antigen tests in Corona Virus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients during omicron epidemic.Methods:A cross-sectional study was conducted from December 26 to December 31, 2022 among COVID-19 patients from all community health service centers in 16 districts of Beijing municipality selected by multi-stage stratified cluster quota sampling method. A questionnaire was used to collect the basic information, vaccination doses, results of nucleic acid or antigen tests of all subjects. The subjects were divided into 5 groups according to the doses of COVID-19 vaccination: the non-vaccination group, the 1, 2, 3 and 4 doses vaccination group. The relationship between vaccination doses and the duration of positive nucleic acid or antigen tests was analyzed by univariate and multivariate logistic regression models.Results:A total of 10 506 COVID-19 cases were included in the study with the age of (43.3±13.7) years. The duration of positive nucleic acid or antigen tests was longer than 7 days in 59.4%(276/465), 51.5%(67/130), 50.6%(355/701), 46.1% (3 464/7 520) and 39.2%(662/1 690) of non-vaccination, and 1, 2, 3, 4 dose vaccination groups, respectively ( P<0.001). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that compared with non-vaccination patients, the vaccination dose was an independent protective factor for duration of positive nucleic acid or antigen tests>7 days, and the OR values were 0.7 (95% CI 0.5-0.9, P=0.015), 0.6 (95% CI 0.5-0.8, P<0.001) and 0.5 (95% CI 0.4-0.6, P<0.001) for 2, 3 and 4 doses of vaccination, respectively. Conclusion:The vaccination doses are independently related to the duration of positive nucleic acid or antigen tests in COVID-19 patients and the risk is gradually decreases with the increasing vaccination doses.

13.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 303-309, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993812

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the effects of staged percutaneous coronary intervention(PCI)after emergency PCI and emergency culprit-only PCI on clinical outcomes of elderly patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction(STEMI)and multivessel disease.Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed on 389 elderly patients with STEMI and multivessel lesions, aged ≥70 years and within 12 h of onset, admitted to the Clinical College of Thoracic Medicine, Tianjin Medical University, between January 2014 and September 2019.According to different revascularization strategies, enrolled patients were divided into the culprit-only PCI group(79.18%, 308)and the staged PCI group(20.82%, 81). Kaplan-Meier analysis and the Cox proportional hazards regression model were used to compare the incidences of major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events(MACCE), all-cause death, cardiac death, recurrent myocardial infarction, stroke and ischemia-driven revascularization between the two groups and to evaluate the effects of different revascularization strategies on MACCE and all-cause death.Then subgroup analysis was performed.Results:During a 56-month follow-up, 131 patients developed MACCE and 96 patients died.Compared with the culprit-only PCI group, the staged PCI group had a lower risk of MACCE( HR: 0.404, 95% CI: 0.227-0.716, P=0.002), all-cause death( HR: 0.354, 95% CI: 0.171-0.730, P=0.005), cardiac death( HR: 0.363, 95% CI: 0.157-0.838, P=0.018), and recurrent myocardial infarction( HR: 0.229, 95% CI: 0.055-0.953, P=0.043). There was no significant difference in the incidence of stroke or ischemia-driven revascularization between the two groups( P>0.05). The reduced risk with staged PCI for MACCE and for all-cause mortality persisted in all subgroups.Multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression revealed that, after adjusting for confounding factors, staged PCI was an independent protective factor for MACCE( HR: 0.44, 95% CI: 0.239-0.815, P=0.009)and for all-cause death( HR: 0.390, 95% CI: 0.90, P=0.020). Conclusion:Compared with culprit-only PCI, staged PCI can significantly improve the long-term prognosis of elderly patients ≥70 years with STEMI and multivessel disease within 12 h of onset.

14.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 81-85, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970176

ABSTRACT

Isolated superior mesenteric artery dissection (ISMAD) has attracted more and more clinicians' attention in recent years. Patients onset of ISMAD often present with abdominal pain. The misdiagnosis or miss diagnosis is common because of the non-specific symptoms and signs, which even can endanger lives in serious cases. Imaging classification is of great significance for diagnosis and treatment of ISMAD. The Sakamoto classification and the Yun classification are two classical classified methods. However, with the further study of ISMAD, various new classifications emerge. Conservative treatment was once considered as the preferred. As the rapid development of endovascular therapy and the great progress of new devices, stenting therapy can significantly improve symptoms and achieve satisfactory long-term effects, and be even expected to become the preferred method for clinical therapy of ISMAD. However, the long-term effects of endovascular therapy still need a large number of follow-up data, and complications after stent implantation can't be ignored.


Subject(s)
Humans , Mesenteric Artery, Superior , Treatment Outcome , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Aortic Dissection/therapy , Stents , Endovascular Procedures , Retrospective Studies
15.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 136-141, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970147

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological features of pulmonary granular cell tumors (pGCTs) and to improve the diagnostic accuracy of the tumor. Methods: A total of 5 pGCTs were diagnosed from February 2016 to January 2022 at Shanghai Pulmonary Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine and Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center, China. Immunohistochemical staining, and analysis of the clinicopathological characteristics were performed. Results: The average age of the pGCTs patients was 46 years (ranging from 24 to 54 years), with 3 females and 2 males. One case occurred in the bronchus with multiple nodules in the lung, 2 cases occurred in the bronchial opening, and 2 cases were solitary nodules in the lung. The maximum diameter of the tumors ranged from 12 to 15 mm (mean size 14 mm). Microscopically, the tumor showed infiltrative growth and consisted of round, oval or polygonal cells. Abundant eosinophilic cytoplasm was noted, and the nucleoli were prominent. None of the 5 cases showed any mitosis or necrosis. Immunohistochemical and histochemical study showed positive staining for S-100 (5/5), SOX10 (5/5), Vimentin (5/5), TFE3 (4/5), PAS (3/5), and amylase-digested-PAS (3/5), while 4 cases were negative for CD68. TFE3 FISH analyses on 2 cases showed that no signal abnormality was detected in these 2 cases. The average proliferation index of Ki-67 was 2.2% (range 0-5%). There was no recurrence in 4 cases of pGCTs with a follow-up time ranging from 2 months to 60 months. Conclusions: pGCTs are very rare tumors, most likely originating from Schwann cells. Immunohistochemical staining is the conventional diagnostic tool for pGCTs diagnosis. Recognition of this entity is essential for pathologists to avoid misdiagnosis and unnecessary treatments.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Leucine Zipper Transcription Factors , Biomarkers, Tumor , Bronchi , China , Granular Cell Tumor/surgery , Lung , S100 Proteins
16.
Journal of China Pharmaceutical University ; (6): 389-398, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987658

ABSTRACT

@#Bioluminescence is a widespread phenomenon in nature, and luminescent organisms can be found both on land and in the ocean. Among them, luciferase based bioluminescence systems have been widely studied, inspiring the exploration of genetic and epigenetic aspects and the development of a series of related assays for in vivo and in vitro studies. This paper summarizes the recent developments of luciferase based bioluminescence assays in terms of bioluminescence systems, types of luciferases, and the development and application of luciferase bioluminescence assays.

17.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1126-1132, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985643

ABSTRACT

Odds ratio (OR) and relative risk (RR) are the most commonly used statistical indicators for the estimation of the association between exposure and outcome. In the cohort study with rare outcomes, the estimated OR approximately equals RR, but RR seems more interpretable. The study aims to explore the difference between OR and RR estimated by different multivariate analyses to provide reference for the selection of more appropriate multivariate regression methods and reporting indicators for estimating the association between exposure and rare outcome in cohort studies. This case study used the data from China birth cohort study. Modes of conception and congenital disabilities were regarded as exposure and outcome, respectively. Maternal age, family history of congenital disabilities with clear evidence were included as covariates. Logistic regression, log-binomial regression, and Poisson regression were used to estimate the OR and RR, respectively. Then, OR, RR, and their 95%CI estimated by three regression models were compared. The OR estimated by logistic regression was approximately equal to the RR estimated by log-binomial regression or Poisson regression. However, the RR estimated by log-binomial regression or Poisson regression was closer to 1.00, with a narrower 95%CI. Log-binomial regression or Poisson regression might have non convergence or over dispersion problems. It is recommended to report the RR obtained by log-binomial regression or Poisson regression in the cohort study with rare outcomes if applicable.

18.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 17-25, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980169

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the protective effect of Geju Hugan tablets on the liver of mice with alcohol-induced liver injury, and explore the underlying mechanism based on nuclear factor-κB p65 (NF-κB p65) and B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2)/Bcl-2-associated X protein (Bax) signaling pathways. MethodAccording to the body weight, 60 SPF-grade male ICR mice were randomized into normal, model, Compound Yiganling tablets (0.16 g·kg-1), and low-, medium-, and high-dose (0.2, 0.4, 0.8 g·kg-1, respectively) Geju Hugan tablets groups. The drugs were administrated at the corresponding doses by gavage, and the normal and model groups with equal volume of pure water once a day for 28 consecutive days. On day 29, the mice in other groups except the normal group were administrated with liquor (53% Vol) by gavage twice a day at the doses of 20, 10 mL·kg-1 and with the interval of 6 h. Samples were harvested on day 30. The histopathological changes in the liver were observed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining, and the ultrastructural changes in hepatocytes were observed by transmission electron microscopy. The enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was employed to measure the levels of malonaldehyde (MDA), reduced glutathione (GSH), and triglycerides (TG) in the liver tissue and the levels of alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) in the serum. Western blotting was employed to determine the protein levels of NF-κB p65, phosphorylated p-inhibitor kappa B alpha (p-IκBα), Bcl-2, and Bax in the liver tissue. ResultCompared with the normal group, the model group showed increases in the ALT, AST, MDA, and TG levels, a decrease in the GSH level, and increases in the liver injury scores evaluated based on the HE, oil red O, and transmission electron microscopy (P<0.01). Moreover, the model group showed up-regulated expression of NF-κB, p-IκBα, and Bax (P<0.05, P<0.01) and down-regulated expression of Bcl-2 (P<0.05) in the liver tissue. Compared with the model group, Geju Hugan tablets of all the doses lowered the ALT, AST, MDA, and TG levels and elevated the GSH level (P<0.01). The liver injury scores assessed based on HE staining and transmission electron microscopy in the medium- and high-dose Geju Hugan tablets groups were lower than those in the model group (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, medium- and high-dose Geju Hugan tablets down-regulated the protein levels of NF-κB, p-IκBα, and Bax (P<0.01) and all doses of Geju Hugan tablets up-regulated the protein level of Bcl-2 (P<0.01). ConclusionGeju Hugan tablets protect mice from alcohol-induced liver injury by down-regulating NF-κB signaling pathway to alleviate inflammation in the liver tissue and down-regulating the expression of Bax and up-regulating the expression of Bcl-2 to inhibit hepatocyte apoptosis.

19.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 909-918, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978760

ABSTRACT

Human neutrophil elastase (hNE) is a serine proteolytic enzyme mainly distributed in neutrophils. When the balance between anti-hNE protein and hNE is broken, excessive release of hNE can cause the occurrence of various diseases. Therefore, inhibition of hNE is a promising therapeutic strategy. In this paper, the structure, action mechanism, physiological function of hNE and the development of hNE inhibitors were briefly summarized, in order to provide information for the related research.

20.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 197-202, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973762

ABSTRACT

Neuropathic pain is a clinical symptom with complex mechanisms and high incidence. The commonly used analgesics have limited efficacy and can cause serious side effects. The theory of chronic pain entering collaterals was proposed by YE Tianshi, a famous physician focusing on warm diseases in the Qing dynasty, on the basis of the ancient therapies for pain. This theory is particularly suitable for the diagnosis and treatment of neuropathic pain in view of the clinical course and manifestations. The chronic neuropathic pain can enter the Yin collateral in deeper sites. The pathogenesis of neuropathic pain is summarized as a deficiency in origin and excess in superficiality. The root cause is the dysfunction of Zang-Fu organs, mainly the liver, kidney and heart, while the superficial causes are phlegm and stasis caused by the obstructed Qi and blood movement due to the consumption of Qi and blood in collaterals. Accordingly, the therapies such as dispelling blood stasis, resolving phlegm, and dredging collaterals should be adopted. This paper expounds the traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) pathogenesis and treatment of neuropathic pain, enriching the knowledge and providing new ideas for the TCM prevention and treatment of this disease as a collateral disease.

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