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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008082

ABSTRACT

Eggplant is an important horticultural crop and one of the most widely grown vegetables in the Solanaceae family. Eggplant fruit-related agronomic traits are complex quantitative traits with low efficiency and long cycle time for traditional breeding selection. With the rapid development of high-throughput sequencing technology and bioinformatics tools, genome-wide association study (GWAS) has shown great application potential in analyzing the genetic rules of complex agronomic traits related to eggplant fruits. This paper first reviews the progress of genome-wide association analysis in eggplant fruit shape, fruit color and other fruit-related agronomic traits. Subsequently, aiming at the problem of missing heritability, which is common in the genetic studies of eggplant quantitative traits, this paper puts forward the development strategies of eggplant GWAS in the future based on the hot spots of application of four GWAS strategies in the research of agronomics traits related to eggplant fruits. Lastly, the application of GWAS strategy in the field of eggplant molecular breeding is expected to provide a theoretical basis and reference for the future use of GWAS to analyze the genetic basis of various eggplant fruit-related traits and to select fruit materials that meet consumer needs.


Subject(s)
Solanum melongena/genetics , Fruit/genetics , Genome-Wide Association Study , Plant Breeding , Agriculture , Vegetables
2.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 29: e2022_0713, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1423502

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: The modulation of post-training fatigue in colleges and universities is an important part of today's physical education. The adjustment of sports fatigue is a fundamental aspect of modern college physical education, and its control is of great importance for the elevation in the sport level of athletes. Objective: Explore the effects of nutritional intervention on post-training fatigue in college athletes. Methods: 40 athletes were randomly selected as volunteers for the research, divided into control and experimental group, and practiced the same type of exercise and same intensity. The athletes in the experimental group took food in strict accordance with the food mixture described in the article, while the control group kept their regular diet unchanged. After the experiment, sports training was performed, followed by muscle creatine enzyme measurement and laboratory analysis of blood urea. These data were compared and analyzed with those before the experiment. Results: After adjusting the dietary structure, the CK and Bu indices of the athletes in the experimental group showed a downward trend, indicating that adjusting the nutritional structure can effectively improve the post-training fatigue of college athletes. Conclusion: It is recommended that physical education teachers and college coaches adjust the lifestyle and dietary structure according to the actual situation of the students, aiming to promote integral development and improved sports performance. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment outcomes.


RESUMO Introdução: A modulação da fadiga pós-treino nas faculdades e universidades é uma parte importante da atual educação física universitária. O ajuste da fadiga esportiva é um aspecto fundamental da educação física universitária moderna e seu controle é de grande importância para a elevação no nível esportivo dos atletas. Objetivo: Explorar os efeitos da intervenção nutricional sobre a fadiga pós-treino dos atletas universitários. Métodos: Foram selecionados 40 atletas aleatoriamente como voluntários para a pesquisa, divididos em grupo controle e experimental, praticaram o mesmo tipo de exercício físico e com a mesma intensidade. Os atletas do grupo experimental tomaram alimentos em estrita conformidade com a mistura alimentar descrita no artigo, enquanto o grupo de controle manteve sua alimentação regular inalterada. Após o experimento, foi realizado um treinamento esportivo, seguido de aferição da enzima creatina muscular e análise laboratorial de ureia no sangue. Esses dados foram comparados e analisados com os anteriores ao experimento. Resultados: Após o ajuste da estrutura dietética, os índices de CK e Bu dos atletas do grupo experimental mostraram uma tendência descendente, indicando que o ajuste da estrutura nutricional pode efetivamente melhorar a fadiga pós-treino dos atletas universitários. Conclusão: Recomenda-se aos professores de educação física e treinadores universitários ajustarem os hábitos de vida e estrutura alimentar de acordo com a situação real dos alunos, visando a promoção do desenvolvimento integral e melhora no desempenho esportivo. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


Resumen Introducción: La modulación de la fatiga post-entrenamiento en colegios y universidades es una parte importante de la educación física universitaria actual. El ajuste de la fatiga deportiva es un aspecto fundamental de la educación física universitaria moderna y su control es de gran importancia para la elevación del nivel deportivo de los atletas. Objetivo: Explorar los efectos de la intervención nutricional sobre la fatiga post-entrenamiento en atletas universitarios. Métodos: 40 atletas fueron seleccionados al azar como voluntarios para la investigación, divididos en grupo control y experimental, practicaron el mismo tipo de ejercicio físico y con la misma intensidad. Los atletas del grupo experimental tomaron alimentos siguiendo estrictamente la mezcla de alimentos descrita en el artículo, mientras que el grupo de control mantuvo su dieta habitual sin cambios. Tras el experimento, se llevó a cabo una sesión de entrenamiento deportivo, seguida de la medición de la enzima creatina muscular y el análisis de laboratorio de la urea en sangre. Estos datos se compararon y analizaron con los anteriores al experimento. Resultados: Tras ajustar la estructura dietética, los índices de CK y Bu de los atletas del grupo experimental mostraron una tendencia descendente, lo que indica que el ajuste de la estructura nutricional puede mejorar eficazmente la fatiga post-entrenamiento de los atletas universitarios. Conclusión: Se recomienda que los profesores de educación física y los entrenadores universitarios ajusten el estilo de vida y la estructura nutricional de acuerdo con la situación real de los estudiantes, con el objetivo de promover el desarrollo integral y la mejora del rendimiento deportivo. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008598

ABSTRACT

The effect and mechanism of Heixiaoyao Powder on the polarization of microglia(MG) in APP/PS1 double transgenic mice were explored based on NADPH oxidase 2(NOX2)/reactive oxygen species(ROS)/nuclear factor kappaB(NF-κB) signaling pathway. Fifty 4-month-old male APP/PS1 mice were randomly divided into a model group, an MCC950 group(10 mg·kg~(-1)), and low-, medium-, and high-dose Heixiaoyao Powder groups(6.45, 12.89, and 25.78 g·kg~(-1)). Thirty male C57BL/6J mice of the same age and strain were randomly divided into a blank group, a blank + intragastric intervention group, and a blank + intraperitoneal injection group. Drug intervention lasted 90 days. Morris water maze test was used to detect learning and cognitive ability. Nissl staining and transmission electron microscopy were used to observe the pathological morphology and ultrastructure of hippocampal neurons. Immunofluorescence was used to detect the positive expression of M1-type marker CD16/32~+/Iba-1~+, M2-type marker CD206~+/Iba-1~+ of MG and the expression of hippocampal ROS. The colorimetric method was used to detect the content of malondialdehyde(MDA) and superoxide dismutase(SOD) in the hippocampus. Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) was used to detect the levels of inflammatory factors, including interleukin-6(IL-6), interleukin-8(IL-8), and tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α), in the hippocampus. Western blot was used to detect the protein expression of β-amyloid protein(Aβ), Iba-1, CD16/32, CD206, NOX2, NF-κB, p-NF-κB, NF-κB inhibitor alpha(IκBα), and p-IKBα in the hippocampus. The results showed that as compared with the blank group, the model group showed prolonged target quadrant movement distance and escape latency(P<0.01), shortened target quadrant retention time and percentage(P<0.01), disorganized neuronal cells with swelling, nuclear disappearance or bias, reduced number of cells, dissolved or absent Nissl bodies, and a clear area in the cytoplasm, damaged and shrunk cell membrane with abnormal cell morphology, few organelles in the cytoplasm, reduced and swollen mitochondria, increased MG M1-type marker CD16/32~+/Iba-1~+(P<0.01), decreased M2-type marker CD206~+/Iba-1~+(P<0.01), increased ROS activity and MDA content(P<0.01), decreased SOD level(P<0.01), elevated inflammatory factors IL-6, IL-8, and TNF-α(P<0.01), up-regulated protein expression and phosphorylation of Aβ, CD16/32, Iba-1, NOX2, NF-κB, and IKBα(P<0.01), and down-regulated CD206(P<0.01). There was no statistically significant difference between the blank group, the blank + intragastric intervention group, and the blank + intraperitoneal injection group. After the intervention of Heixiaoyao Powder, the Heixiaoyao Powder groups showed shortened target quadrant movement distance and escape latency(P<0.01), prolonged target quadrant retention time and percentage(P<0.01), increased and neatly arranged cells with relieved swelling, increased Nissl bodies, regular cell morphology, and intact cell membrane, relieved swelling of mitochondria, slightly expanded endoplasmic reticulum, decreased CD16/32~+/Iba-1~+(P<0.05 or P<0.01), increased CD206~+/Iba-1~+(P<0.01), decreased ROS activity and MDA content(P<0.01), increased SOD level(P<0.01), decreased content of inflammatory factors IL-6, IL-8, and TNF-α(P<0.01), down-regulated protein expression and phosphorylation of Aβ, CD16/32, Iba-1, NOX2, NF-κB, and IKBα(P<0.01), and up-regulated CD206(P<0.01). In conclusion, Heixiaoyao Powder can alleviate neuronal damage and improve the learning and memory abilities of APP/PS1 mice. The mechanism of action may be related to the inhibition of NOX2/ROS/NF-κB signaling pathway, regulating the polarization of MG, increasing the expression of M2 type, inhibiting the expression of M1 type, and reducing the release of inflammatory factor.


Subject(s)
Mice , Male , Animals , NF-kappa B/genetics , Microglia , Reactive Oxygen Species , Interleukin-8 , Powders , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Interleukin-6 , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Signal Transduction , Mice, Transgenic , Superoxide Dismutase
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005744

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To investigate the role and mechanism of dapagliflozin (Dapa), a sodium glucose co-transporter 2 inhibitor, in acute liver injury. 【Methods】 Eight-week-old C57BL6/J mice were given a single intraperitoneal injection of CCl4 to induce acute liver injury. The mice were preventively given 5 mg/kg Dapa by gavage 24 h and 2 h before CCl4 injection, while those in the control group were given an equal volume of solvent gavage. After 24 h, the mice were anesthetized and sacrificed. H&E staining, plasma biochemistry, RT-qPCR, and Western blotting were used to detect the severity of liver injury and the expressions of macrophage-related genes. 【Results】 In the CCl4 group, hepatic infiltration of inflammatory cells increased, and liver and renal functions significantly deteriorated, which was further aggravated by Dapa. CCl4 could promote the expressions of M1 macrophages and fibrosis-related genes in the liver, but reduce those of M2 and antioxidant-related genes, and the latter was further inhibited by Dapa. In addition, the protein expression of arginase 1 decreased and that of SGLT2 increased after Dapa intervention, while NF-κB pathway did not change significantly, suggesting that Dapa might directly affect the energy metabolism homeostasis in the liver and aggravate acute liver injury induced by CCl4. 【Conclusion】 Dapa can exacerbate hepatic and renal damage in acute stage of liver injury, inhibit macrophages M2 polarization, and aggravate oxidative stress and inflammatory injury induced by CCl4.

6.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1846-1852, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013684

ABSTRACT

Aim To observe the inhibitory effect of Alpha-momorcharin (α-MMC) on the inflammatory cytokine storm of Ml-type inflammatory macrophages induced by LPS and explore its possible targeting mechanism. Methods Western blot was used to detect the expression of WIL2-S B lymphocytes, H9 T lymphocytes, THP-1 monocytes and M0 macrophages LRP1 receptor protein. CCK-8 method was used to detect the survival rate of the four cells. ELISA was used to detect the expression level of inflammatory cytokines in Ml macrophages. Western blot was used to detect the expression of TLR4 signaling pathway-related protein in Ml macrophages. Results Macrophages had a high density of LRP1 receptors consistent with monocytes; the survival rate of α-MMC on the four cells was positively correlated with the density of this receptor; α-MMC inhibited the expression of inflammatory cytokinesTNF-α, IL-lβ, IL-6, IL-8, MlP-lα and MCP-1 in Ml macrophages in a dose-and time-dependent manner; α-MMC showed significant inhibition to TAKl/pTAK1, p-JNK, p-APl and p-p65 signaling proteins of the TLR4 signaling pathway, and this inhibition could be blocked by the LRP1 receptor blocker RAP. Conclusions α-MMC selectively inhibits macrophage inflammatory cytokine synthesis by inhibiting TAK1 of the TLR4 signaling pathway, which in turn inhibits the downstream NF-ΚB and MAPK pathways, mediated by the LRP1 receptor. The selective immunosuppressive effect of α-MMC on macrophages may make it a very promising agent for the treatment of acute infectious macrophage activation syndrome (MAS).

7.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 1244-1248, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012400

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological characteristics of primary pulmonary NUT carcinoma. Methods: A total of 7 cases of primary pulmonary NUT carcinoma were collected from Fujian Provincial Hospital (n=5), Fuzhou Taijiang Hospital (n=1) and Binzhou City People's Hospital of Shandong Province (n=1) from January 2021 to April 2023. The clinical, histopathological, and immunohistochemical features were analyzed, and NUT rearrangement were detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) with break-apart probes. Results: Seven cases were all male with age ranging from 32 to 73 years. The main clinical manifestations were cough, expectoration and chest tightness. Microscopically, NUT carcinoma was composed of monotonous proliferation of primitive-appearing small-to-medium round cells, with few eosinophilic cytoplasm, arranged in solid sheets, nests or clusters. Abrupt keratinization was typically observed in 4 cases (4/7), with high mitotic activities and necrosis. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) showed that the tumors were positive for NUT (7/7), CK7 (4/4), CK5/6 (5/6), p40 (6/7). Ki-67 index were 30%-80%. NUT gene segregation (7/7) was detected by FISH break probes. Conclusions: Primary pulmonary NUT carcinoma is rare and highly malignant. Diagnosis depends on histopathology and IHC, with molecular detection as an adjunct for diagnosis. Pathologists should be aware of the clinicopathological characteristics to avoid misdiagnosis.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Carcinoma/pathology , Immunohistochemistry , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Neoplasm Proteins/genetics
8.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 708-712, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009789

ABSTRACT

Vasectomy damage is a common complication of open nonmesh hernia repair. This study was a retrospective analysis of the characteristics and possible causes of vas deferens injuries in patients exhibiting unilateral or bilateral vasal obstruction caused by open nonmesh inguinal herniorrhaphy. The site of the obstructed vas deferens was intraoperatively confirmed. Data, surgical methods, and patient outcomes were examined. The Anderson-Darling test was applied to test for Gaussian distribution of data. Fisher's exact test or Mann-Whitney U test and unpaired t-test were used for statistical analyses. The mean age at operation was 7.23 (standard deviation [s.d.]: 2.09) years and the mean obstructive interval was 17.72 (s.d.: 2.73) years. Crossed (n = 1) and inguinal ( n = 42) vasovasostomies were performed. The overall patency rate was 85.3% (29/34). Among the 43 enrolled patients (mean age: 24.95 [s.d.: 2.20] years), 73 sides of their inguinal regions were explored. The disconnected end of the vas deferens was found in the internal ring on 54 sides (74.0%), was found in the inguinal canal on 16 sides (21.9%), and was found in the pelvic cavity on 3 sides (4.1%). Location of the vas deferens injury did not significantly differ according to age at the time of hernia surgery ( ≥ 12 years or <12 years) or obstructive interval (≥15 years or <15 years). These results underscore that high ligation of the hernial sac warrants extra caution by surgeons during open nonmesh inguinal herniorrhaphy.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Young Adult , Adult , Child , Vas Deferens/surgery , Herniorrhaphy/methods , Retrospective Studies , Hernia, Inguinal/surgery , Iatrogenic Disease , Laparoscopy
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008874

ABSTRACT

In this study, ultra-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole-time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry(UPLC-Q-TOF-MS~E) was used to analyze the plasma components of Danzhi Xiaoyao Formula after oral administration. Forty-nine plasma components were found in the serum of rats by comparing the compound extract, drug-containing serum, and blank serum. Components, such as 6-hydroxycoumarin, poricoic acid F, deoxoglabrolide, 30-norhederagenin, kanzonol R, 3',6'-di-O-galloylpaeoniflorin, 16α-hydroxytrametenolic acid, 16-deoxyporicoic acid B, 3-O-acetyl-16α-hydroxytrametenolic acid, and 16α,25-dihydroxydehydroeburiconic acid, were first found in rat serum. Behavioral tests, including the tail suspension test, novel object recognition test, and novelty-suppressed feeding test, were conducted for behavioral analysis. It was confirmed that this formula had therapeutic effects on perimenopausal depression. Furthermore, in combination with the network pharmacology method, 53 core targets including MAPK1, HRAS, AKT1, EGFR, and ESR1 were screened, and these targets participated in 165 signaling pathways, including PI3K-AKT, AMPK, VEGFA, MAPK, and HIF-1. In summary, the potential effects of Danzhi Xiaoyao Formula in treating perimenopausal depression are associated with mechanisms in accelerating inflammation repair, improving neuroplasticity, affecting neurotransmitters, regulating estrogen levels, and promoting new blood vessel formation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Depression/drug therapy , Network Pharmacology , Perimenopause , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Molecular Docking Simulation
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980792

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical efficacy of moxibustion combined with coptis chinensis ointment sealing on plaque psoriasis complicated with obesity.@*METHODS@#A total of 52 patients of plaque psoriasis complicated with obesity were randomized into an observation group (26 cases) and a control group (26 cases, 2 cases dropped off). Coptis chinensis ointment sealing was adopted in the control group. On the basis of the treatment in the control group, moxibustion was applied at ashi point (area of local target lesions), Zhongwan (CV 12) and bilateral Zusanli (ST 36), Fenglong (ST 40), Quchi (LI 11), Tianshu (ST 25), Shangjuxu (ST 37) in the observation group. The treatment was given 30 min each time, once a day for 4 weeks in both groups. The psoriasis area and severity index (PASI) score, obesity related indexes (body mass, waist circumference, body mass index [BMI]), triglyceride, cholesterol, uric acid and plasma glucose were compared before and after treatment, and the clinical efficacy was evaluated in the two groups.@*RESULTS@#After treatment, the PASI scores were decreased compared with those before treatment in the two groups (P<0.01), and the PASI score in the observation group was lower than that in the control group (P<0.05); the body mass, waist circumference, BMI, triglyceride, cholesterol, uric acid and plasma glucose were decreased compared with those before treatment in the observation group (P<0.01, P<0.05), the triglyceride and cholesterol in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (P<0.05). The total effective rate was 53.8% (14/26) in the observation group, which was superior to 20.8% (5/24) in the control group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Moxibustion combined with coptis chinensis ointment sealing can effectively improve the clinical symptoms in patients of plaque psoriasis complicated with obesity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Moxibustion , Blood Glucose , Ointments , Uric Acid , Psoriasis/therapy , Triglycerides , Obesity/therapy
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982145

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the inflammatory effects of Cinobufotalin on monocytes in resting state and macrophages in activated state and its molecular mechanism.@*METHODS@#THP-1 cells were stimulated with Phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate to induce differentiation into macrophages. Lipopolysaccharides was added to activate macrophages in order to establish macrophage activation model. Cinobufotalin was added to the inflammatory cell model for 24 h as a treatment. CCK-8 was used to detect cell proliferation, Annexin V /PI double staining flow cytometry was used to detect cell apoptosis, flow cytometry was used to detect macrophage activation, and cytometric bead array was used to detect cytokines. Transcriptome sequencing was used to explore the gene expression profile regulated by Cinobufotalin. Changes in the significantly regulated molecules were verified by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction and Western blot.@*RESULTS@#1∶25 concentration of Cinobufotalin significantly inhibited the proliferation of resting monocytes(P<0.01), and induced apoptosis(P<0.01), especially the activated macrophages(P<0.001, P<0.001). Cinobufotalin significantly inhibited the activation of macrophages, and significantly down-regulated the inflammatory cytokines(IL-6, TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-8) released by activated macrophages(P<0.001). Its mechanism was achieved by inhibiting TLR4/MYD88/P-IκBa signaling pathway.@*CONCLUSION@#Cinobufotalin can inhibit the inflammatory factors produced by the over-activation of macrophages through TLR4/MYD88/P-IκBa pathway, which is expected to be applied to the treatment and research of diseases related to the over-release of inflammatory factors.


Subject(s)
Humans , Toll-Like Receptor 4/metabolism , Myeloid Differentiation Factor 88/genetics , Macrophages/metabolism , Cytokines/metabolism , Lipopolysaccharides/pharmacology , NF-kappa B
12.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 366-374, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981937

ABSTRACT

Studies have investigated the effects of androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) use on the incidence and clinical outcomes of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19); however, the results have been inconsistent. We searched the PubMed, Medline, Cochrane, Scopus, and Web of Science databases from inception to March 2022; 13 studies covering 84 003 prostate cancer (PCa) patients with or without ADT met the eligibility criteria and were included in the meta-analysis. We calculated the pooled risk ratios (RRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) to explore the association between ADT use and the infection risk of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and severity of COVID-19. After synthesizing the evidence, the pooled RR in the SARS-CoV-2 positive group was equal to 1.17, and the SARS-CoV-2 positive risk in PCa patients using ADT was not significantly different from that in those not using ADT (P = 0.544). Moreover, no significant results concerning the beneficial effect of ADT on the rate of intensive care unit admission (RR = 1.04, P = 0.872) or death risk (RR = 1.23, P = 0.53) were found. However, PCa patients with a history of ADT use had a markedly higher COVID-19 hospitalization rate (RR = 1.31, P = 0.015) than those with no history of ADT use. These findings indicate that ADT use by PCa patients is associated with a high risk of hospitalization during infection with SARS-CoV-2. A large number of high quality studies are needed to confirm these results.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Prostatic Neoplasms/chemically induced , Androgen Antagonists/adverse effects , COVID-19 , Androgens/therapeutic use , SARS-CoV-2
13.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 68-74, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971628

ABSTRACT

Most information used to evaluate diabetic statuses is collected at a special time-point, such as taking fasting plasma glucose test and providing a limited view of individual's health and disease risk. As a new parameter for continuously evaluating personal clinical statuses, the newly developed technique "continuous glucose monitoring" (CGM) can characterize glucose dynamics. By calculating the complexity of glucose time series index (CGI) with refined composite multi-scale entropy analysis of the CGM data, the study showed for the first time that the complexity of glucose time series in subjects decreased gradually from normal glucose tolerance to impaired glucose regulation and then to type 2 diabetes (P for trend < 0.01). Furthermore, CGI was significantly associated with various parameters such as insulin sensitivity/secretion (all P < 0.01), and multiple linear stepwise regression showed that the disposition index, which reflects β-cell function after adjusting for insulin sensitivity, was the only independent factor correlated with CGI (P < 0.01). Our findings indicate that the CGI derived from the CGM data may serve as a novel marker to evaluate glucose homeostasis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Glucose , Blood Glucose , Insulin Resistance/physiology , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/diagnosis , Blood Glucose Self-Monitoring , Time Factors , Insulin
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986911

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) in the treatment of locally advanced olfactory neuroblastoma (ONB), and to explore the factors related to the efficacy of NACT. Methods: A total of 25 patients with ONB who underwent NACT in Beijing TongRen Hospital from April 2017 to July 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 16 males and 9 females, with an average age of 44.9 years (ranged 26-72 years). There were 22 cases of Kadish stage C and 3 cases of stage D. After multiple disciplinary team(MDT) discussion, all patients were treated sequentially with NACT-surgery-radiotherapy. Among them, 17 cases were treated with taxol, cis-platinum and etoposide (TEP), 4 cases with taxol, nedaplatin and ifosfamide (TPI), 3 cases with TP, while 1 case with EP. SPSS 25.0 software was used for statistical analysis, and survival analyses were calculated based on the Kaplan-Meier method. Results: The overall response rate of NACT was 32% (8/25). Subsequently, 21 patients underwent extended endoscopic surgery and 4 patients underwent combined cranial-nasal approach. Three patients with stage D disease underwent cervical lymph node dissection. All patients received postoperative radiotherapy. The mean follow-up time was 44.2 months (ranged 6-67 months). The 5-year overall survival rate was 100.0%, and the 5-year disease-free survival rates was 94.4%. Before NACT, Ki-67 index was 60% (50%, 90%), while Ki-67 index was 20% (3%, 30%) after chemotherapy [M (Q1, Q3)]. The change of Ki-67 before and after NACT was statistically significant (Z=-24.24, P<0.05). The effects of age, gender, history of surgery, Hyams grade, Ki-67 index and chemotherapy regimen to NACT were analyzed. Ki-67 index≥25% and high Hyams grade were related to the efficacy of NACT (all P<0.05). Conclusions: NACT could reduce Ki-67 index in ONBs. High Ki-67 index and Hyams grade are clinical indicators sensitive to the efficacy of NACT. NACT-surgery-radiotherapy is effective for patients with locally advanced ONB.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Neoadjuvant Therapy/methods , Retrospective Studies , Esthesioneuroblastoma, Olfactory/etiology , Ki-67 Antigen , Paclitaxel , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Nasal Cavity , Nose Neoplasms/therapy , Neoplasm Staging
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986026

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the burden of disease attributable to high temperature exposure in China and globally from 1990 to 2019, and to study the current burden of disease in relevant populations. Methods: In October 2021, based on data from the global burden of disease 2019 (GBD 2019) study, population attributable fraction (PAF), number of deaths, mortality, disability-adjusted life year (DALY) and DALY rate of Chinese and global populations with different ages and genders in 1990 and 2019 were extracted and analyzed. The rate of change was calculated, the mortality rate was normalized by the age structure of the world standard population, and the causes of disease burden caused by high temperature exposure of Chinese residents were analyzed. Results: In 2019, compared with 1990, the PAF of Chinese and global population decreased by 43.98% and 12.41% respectively, the number of deaths increased by 29.55% and 49.40% respectively, the crude mortality rate increased by 7.81% and 3.30% respectively, the DALY decreased by 48.12% and 14.41% respectively, and the DALY rate decreased by 56.82% and 40.82% respectively. The mortality rate of the ≥70 age group was higher than that of other groups. The disease burden indicators such as PAF, standardized mortality and DALY attributable to high temperature exposure in men were higher than those in women. In 2019, the main cause of DALY affected by high temperature exposure in Chinese population was ischemic heart disease (84400 person-years), and the main cause of death was ischemic heart disease (4900 cases). Conclusion: The burden of diseases attributable to high temperature exposure is still serious in China and the world at large. Targeted interventions should be formulated for men, the elderly and people with occupational exposure, and a sound surveillance system should be established to reduce the burden of diseases caused by high temperature exposure.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Quality-Adjusted Life Years , Temperature , Cost of Illness , China/epidemiology , Myocardial Ischemia
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970517

ABSTRACT

This paper aimed to investigate the effect of total flavonoids of buckwheat flower and leaf on myocardial cell apoptosis and Wnt/β-catenin/peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ(PPARγ) pathway in arrhythmic rats. SD rats were randomly divided into a control group, a model group, a low-dose(20 mg·kg~(-1)) group of total flavonoids of buckwheat flower and leaf, a medium-dose(40 mg·kg~(-1)) group of total flavonoids of buckwheat flower and leaf, a high-dose(80 mg·kg~(-1)) group of total flavonoids of buckwheat flower and leaf, a propranolol hydrochloride(2 mg·kg~(-1)) group, with 12 rats in each group. Except the control group, rats in other groups were prepared as models of arrhythmia by sublingual injection of 1 mL·kg~(-1) of 0.002% aconitine. After grouping and intervention with drugs, the arrhythmia, myocardial cells apoptosis, myocardial tissue glutathione peroxidase(GSH-Px), catalase(CAT), malondialdehyde(MDA), serum interleukin-6(IL-6), prostaglandin E2(PGE2) levels, myocardial tissue apoptosis, and Wnt/β-catenin/PPARγ pathway-related protein expression of rats in each group were measured. As compared with the control group, the arrhythmia score, the number of ventricular premature beats, ventricular fibrillation duration, myocardial cell apoptosis rate, MDA levels in myocardial tissues, serum IL-6 and PGE2 levels, Bax in myocardial tissues, and Wnt1 and β-catenin protein expression levels increased significantly in the model group, whereas the GSH-Px and CAT levels, and Bcl-2 and PPARγ protein expression levels in myocardial tissues reduced significantly. As compared with the model group, the arrhythmia score, the number of ventricular premature beats, ventricular fibrillation duration, myocardial cell apoptosis rate, MDA leve in myocardial tissues, serum IL-6 and PGE2 levels, Bax in myocardial tissues, and Wnt1 and β-catenin protein expression levels reduced in the drug intervention groups, whereas the GSH-Px and CAT levels and Bcl-2 and PPARγ protein expression levels in myocardial tissues increased. The groups of total flavonoids of buckwheat flower and leaf were in a dose-dependent manner. There was no significant difference in the levels of each index in rats between the propranolol hydrochloride group and the high-dose group of total flavonoids of buckwheat flower and leaf. The total flavonoids of buckwheat flower and leaf inhibit the activation of Wnt/β-catenin pathway, up-regulate the expression of PPARγ, reduce oxidative stress and inflammatory damage in myocardial tissues of arrhythmic rats, reduce myocardial cell apoptosis, and improve the symptoms of arrhythmia in rats.


Subject(s)
Rats , Animals , PPAR gamma/metabolism , Fagopyrum/genetics , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , bcl-2-Associated X Protein , beta Catenin/metabolism , Interleukin-6 , Flavonoids/pharmacology , Propranolol/pharmacology , Ventricular Fibrillation , Dinoprostone , Wnt Signaling Pathway , Plant Leaves/metabolism , Flowers/metabolism , Apoptosis , Cardiac Complexes, Premature
17.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 120-128, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970195

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical effects of one-stage revision combined with intra-articular infusion of vancomycin in the treatment of chronic prosthetic joint infection (PJI) caused by Enterococcal. Methods: From May 2013 to June 2020,the clinical data of 9 patients (2 males and 7 females) with chronic Enterococcal PJI treated with one-stage revision using intra-articular infusion of vancomycin at Department of Orthopaedics,First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University were retrospectively analyzed,including 8 hips and 1 knee.A total of 9 patients with age of (63.9±11.7)years (range:43 to 76 years) were included, and the body mass index was (23.6±4.3)kg/m2 (range:18 to 30 kg/m2).There were 6 cases with antibiotic history and 5 cases with sinus tract.The joint fluid,infected tissue around the prosthesis and ultrasonic shock fluid of the prosthesis were collected during operation for microbial culture identification and drug sensitivity test.After thorough debridement of the infected site and removal of the infected prosthesis,a new prosthesis was implanted,then the drainage tube in the operation area was placed.After surgery,vancomycin(1.0 g,q12 h) was combined with intra-articular vancomycin(0.5 g,qd) in monomicrobial PJI,and vancomycin(1.0 g,q12 h) was combined with intra-articular vancomycin (0.5 g,qd) and imipenem/meropenem (0.5 g,qd),and the interval between the two drugs was 12 hours in polymicrobial PJI.Hip and knee functions were evaluated by Harris Hip Score or Knee Society Score(KSS),respectively.The comparison of hip function scores before and after operation was performed by paired t-test. Results: All patients were followed up for (60±39)months(range:24 to 110 months).Two cases were infected with Enterococcus faecium and 7 cases were infected with Enterococcus faecalis.There were 7 cases of monomicrobial infection and 2 cases of polymicrobial infection.Erythromycin(5/9),tetracycline(4/9),ciprofloxacin and β-lactam antibiotics(3/9) were the top three antibiotics in Enterococci resistance rate.The sensitive antibiotics for Enterococcal were vancomycin,linezolid and tigecycline.The average duration of intravenous antibiotics was (14±1)days (range:13 to 17 days),and the average duration of antibiotics in articular cavity was (15±2)days(range:11 to 20 days).Mean duration of oral antibiotic use after discharge was (2±1)months(range:1 to 3 months).One case of polymicrobial PJI treatment failed,with a failure rate of 1/9.At last follow-up,the Harris score of patients with hip PJI increased from (43±6)points to (84±6)points(t=-11.899, P<0.01). KSS score of knee function was improved from 33 point pre-operatively to 85 point post-operatively;overall function score was improved from 35 point pre-operatively to 80 point post-operatively.During the treatment,no formation of sinus tract of the hip joint caused by a catheter,skin necrosis at the knee puncture site or leakage of joint fluid;no complications such as deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism occurred. Conclusions: One-stage revision combined with intra-articular infusion of vancomycin can achieve acceptable infection control rate and joint function in patients with chronic Enterococcus PJI.However,the treatment of polymicrobial PJI still needs to be further verified.


Subject(s)
Female , Male , Humans , Vancomycin/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Enterococcus , Prostheses and Implants , Inflammation
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981675

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the synergistic interaction between the deltoid muscle and the rotator cuff muscle group in patients with rotator cuff tears (RCT), as well as the impact of the critical shoulder angle (CSA) on deltoid muscle strength.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was conducted on clinical data from 42 RCT patients who met the selection criteria and were treated between March 2022 and March 2023. There were 13 males and 29 females, with an age range of 42-77 years (mean, 60.5 years). Preoperative visual analogue scale (VAS) score was 6.0±1.6. CSA measurements were obtained from standard anteroposterior X-ray films before operation, and patients were divided into two groups based on CSA measurements: CSA>35° group (group A) and CSA≤35° group (group B). Handheld dynamometry was used to measure the muscle strength of various muscle group in the shoulder (including the supraspinatus, infraspinatus, subscapularis, and anterior, middle, and posterior bundles of the deltoid). The muscle strength of the unaffected side was compared to the affected side, and muscle imbalance indices were calculated. Muscle imbalance indices between male and female patients, dominant and non-dominant sides, and groups A and B were compared. Pearson correlation analysis was used to examine the relationship between muscle imbalance indices and CSA as well as VAS scores.@*RESULTS@#Muscle strength in all muscle groups on the affected side was significantly lower than on the unaffected side ( P<0.05). The muscle imbalance indices for the supraspinatus, subscapularis, infraspinatus, and anterior, middle, and posterior bundles of the deltoid were 14.8%±24.4%, 5.9%±9.7%, 7.2% (0, 9.1%), 17.2% (5.9%, 26.9%), 8.3%±21.3%, and 10.2% (2.8%, 15.4%), respectively. The muscle imbalance indices of the anterior bundle of the deltoid, supraspinatus, and infraspinatus were significantly lower in male patients compared to female patients ( P<0.05); however, there was no significant difference in muscle imbalance indices among other muscle groups between male and female patients or between the dominant and non-dominant sides ( P>0.05). There was a positive correlation between the muscle imbalance indices of infraspinatus and VAS score ( P<0.05), and a positive correlation between CSA and the muscle imbalance indices of middle bundle of deltoid ( P<0.05). There was no correlation between the muscle imbalance indices of other muscle groups and VAS score or CSA ( P>0.05). Preoperative CSA ranged from 17.6° to 39.4°, with a mean of 31.1°. There were 9 cases in group A and 33 cases in group B. The muscle imbalance indices of the anterior bundle of the deltoid was significantly lower in group A compared to group B ( P<0.05), while there was no significant difference in muscle imbalance indices among other muscle groups between group A and group B ( P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Patients with RCT have a phenomenon of deltoid muscle strength reduction, which is more pronounced in the population with a larger CSA.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Shoulder , Rotator Cuff Injuries/surgery , Shoulder Joint/diagnostic imaging , Rotator Cuff/surgery , Muscle Strength , Deltoid Muscle
19.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2623-2631, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999025

ABSTRACT

Bacterial biofilm widely exists in all kinds of bacteria, and is related to about 80 percent of bacterial infections. It is one of the main reasons for bacterial tolerance and resistance to existing antibiotics. Therefore, there is unmet clinical need for new anti-biofilm drugs. At present, there are three kinds of anti-biofilm agents under research, including biofilm inhibitors, biofilm dispersal agents and biofilm eradication agents. Among them, the biofilm eradication agent is unique, which can not only kill bacteria in biofilm but also eliminate biofilm as a monotherapy. Based on modifications of natural products with antibacterial activity, a variety of compounds with biofilm eradicating activities have been obtained, such as, acyldepsipeptides, pyrrolomycins, halogenated phenazines and halogenated 8-hydroxyquinolines. In this review, we summarize several major biofilm eradication agents above according to their structures and mechanisms.

20.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 228-229, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994012

ABSTRACT

Upper urinary tract calculi combined with dual infections is rare, and the antimicrobial therapy is complicated. This retrospective study analyzed the clinical data of 3 patients with upper urinary tract calculi combined with dual infection who were admitted to our hospital. Three patients were treated with piperacillin sulbactam combined with fluconazole for 1 week, according to the preoperative urine culture and drug sensitivity results. Endoscopic surgery was performed after the efficacy was determined by routine urine examination. After surgery, fluconazole was administered until the removal of the double-J tube for 2 weeks, and fluconazole was discontinued when no white blood cells or fungus were found. No recurrence of stones or infection was observed at a follow-up of 11 months to 2 years. The rational choice of antimicrobial drugs to treat upper urinary tract calculi combined with dual infection could create good conditions for endoscopic surgical intervention, thus achieving satisfactory clinical outcomes.

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