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1.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 950-957, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005780

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To explore pain and collapse mechanisms in fosteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) with bone marrow edema (BME). 【Methods】 ONFH patients at ARCO Ⅲ stage who underwent total hip arthroplasty in the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine were enrolled; the femoral head samples, clinical and imaging data were collected. These patients were divided into BME group and non-BME group according to the MR data in one week preoperative. Hematoxylin-eosin and Sirius red staining were performed to observe the morphological changes in bone tissue of femoral head specimens. Western blotting and qPCR were used to semi-quantitatively analyze the expression levels of CTSK, RANKL, and Netrin-1 proteins and mRNA in different regions of the bone tissue. 【Results】 Clinical and imaging data showed that ONFH patients with BME had significantly higher scores of VAS than ONFH patients without BME. Hematoxylin-eosin staining showed that bone structure disorder and a large number of empty bone lacunae were found in the necrotic areas in both groups, but there exited significant granulation tissue in the BME group, and spindle-shaped fibroblastic cells and inflammatory cells aggregated in the repaired region. Sirius red staining revealed the necrotic and sclerotic areas were accumulated with many collagenous fiber in the BME group. The results of Western blotting and qPCR showed that Netrin-1 expressions in the necrotic, sclerotic and health areas in the BME group were higher than those in the non-BME group (P<0.05), while osteoclast related proteins and mRNA expressions of the necrotic and sclerotic areas in the BME group was higher than those in the non-BME group (P<0.05). 【Conclusion】 All these findings indicated that hip pain was positively correlated with femoral head necrosis with BME, hyperactive osteoclasts participated in the femoral head collapse with BME, and the upregulated expression of Netrin-1 mediated the pain mechanism.

2.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 1282-1286, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009882

ABSTRACT

This article reports two cases of children with B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) complicated by invasive fungal disease (IFD) who received bridging treatment using blinatumomab. Case 1 was a 4-month-old female infant who experienced recurrent high fever and limb weakness during chemotherapy. Blood culture was negative, and next-generation sequencing (NGS) of peripheral blood, bronchoalveolar lavage fluid, and cerebrospinal fluid were all negative. Chest CT and cranial MRI revealed obvious infection foci. Case 2 was a 2-year-old male patient who experienced recurrent high fever with multiple inflammatory masses during chemotherapy. Candida tropicalis was detected in peripheral blood and abscess fluid using NGS, while blood culture and imaging examinations showed no obvious abnormalities. After antifungal and blinatumomab therapy, both cases showed significant improvement in symptoms, signs, and imaging, and B-ALL remained in continuous remission. The report indicates that bridging treatment with blinatumomab in children with B-ALL complicated by IFD can rebuild the immune system and control the underlying disease in the presence of immunosuppression and severe fungal infection.


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Antibodies, Bispecific/therapeutic use , Invasive Fungal Infections/drug therapy , Precursor B-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/drug therapy , Remission Induction
3.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 72-80, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993412

ABSTRACT

Objective:To develop a deep transfer learning method for the differential diagnosis of osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) with other common hip diseases using anteroposterior hip radiographs.Methods:Patients suffering from ONFH, DDH, and other hip diseases including primary hip osteoarthritis, non-infectious inflammatory hip disease, and femoral neck fracture treated in the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine from January 2018 to December 2020 were enrolled in the study. A clinical data set containing anteroposterior hip radiographs of the eligible patients was created. Data augmentation by rotating and flipping images was performed to enlarge the data set, then the data set was divided equally into a training data set and a testing data set. The ResNet-152, a deep neural network model, was used in the study, but the original Batch Normalization was replaced with Transferable Normalization to construct a novel deep transfer learning model. The model was trained to distinguish ONFH and DDH from other common hip diseases using anteroposterior hip radiographs on the training data set and its classification performance was evaluated on the testing data set.Results:The clinical data set was comprised of anteroposterior hip radiographs of 1024 hips, including 542 with ONFH, 296 with DDH, and 186 with other common hip diseases (56 hips with primary osteoarthritis, 85 hips with non-infectious inflammatory osteoarthritis, 45 hips with femoral neck fracture). After data augmentation, the size of the data set multiplied to 6144. The model was trained 100 050 times in each task. Accuracy was used as the representative parameter to evaluate the performance of the model. In the binary classification task to identify ONFH, the best accuracy was 95.80%. As for the multi-classification task for classification of ONFH and DDH from other hip diseases, the best accuracy was 91.40%. The plateau of the model was observed in each task after 50 000 times of training. The mean accuracy in plateaus was 95.35% (95% CI: 95.33%, 95.37%), and 90.85% (95% CI: 90.82%, 90.87%), respectively. Conclusion:The present study proves the encouraging performance of a deep transfer learning method for the first-visit classification of ONFH, DDH, and other hip diseases using the convenient and economical anteroposterior hip radiographs.

4.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 56-62, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936046

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the factors affecting the success of conversion therapy in patients with initially unresectable colorectal cancer liver metastases (CRLM) in order to provide evidence-based medical evidence for formulating individualized treatment strategies for patients. Methods: A retrospective case-control study was used in this study. Clinical data of 232 patients with initially unresectable CRLM receiving first-line systemic treatment in Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center from January 2013 to January 2020 were collected, including 98 patients of successful conversion and 134 patients of failed conversion as control. Conversion therapy scheme: 38 patients received FOLFOXIRI regimen chemotherapy (irinotecan, oxaliplatin, calcium folinate and fluorouracil), 152 patients received FOLFOX regimen (oxaliplatin, calcium folinate and fluorouracil), 19 patients received FOLRIRI regimen (irinotecan, calcium folinate and fluorouracil), 23 patients received systemic chemotherapy combined with fluorouridine hepatic artery infusion chemotherapy; 168 patients received targeted therapy, including 68 of bevacizumab and 100 of cetuximab. Logistics analysis was used to compare the factors affecting the success of conversion therapy. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate progression-free survival (PFS), and the Log-rank test was used for survival comparison. Results: Among 232 patients, 98 patients had successful conversions and 134 patients had failed conversions with a successful conversion rate of 42.2%, meanwhile 30 patients underwent simple hepatectomy and 68 underwent hepatectomy combined with intraoperative radiofrequency ablation. After first-line chemotherapy, 111 patients (47.8%) were partial remission, 57 patients (24.6%) were stable disease, and 64 patients (27.6%) were progression disease. During the median follow-up of 18.8 (1.0-87.9) months, 148 patients were dead or with tumor progression. The median PFS time of patients with successful conversion was longer than that of patients with failed conversion (31.0 months vs. 9.9 months, P<0.001). Univariate analysis found that the bilobar distribution of liver tumors (P=0.003), elevated baseline carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) levels (P=0.024), tumor invasion of the portal vein (P=0.001), number of metastatic tumor>8 (P<0.001), non-FOLFOXIRI (P=0.005), and no targeted therapy (P=0.038) were high risk factors for the failed conversion therapy. The results of multivariate logistics analysis indicated that the number of metastatic tumor >8 (OR=2.422, 95%CI: 1.291-4.544, P=0.006), portal vein invasion (OR=2.727, 95%CI: 1.237-4.170, P=0.008) were the independent risk factors for failed conversion therapy, while FOLFOXIRI regimen (OR=0.300, 95%CI: 0.135-0.666, P=0.003) and targeted drugs (OR=0.411, 95%CI: 0.209-0.809, P=0.010) were independent protective factors for successful conversion therapy. Conclusions: The number of metastatic tumor and portal vein invasion are key factors that affect the outcomes of conversion therapy for initially unresectable CRLM. If a patient can tolerate chemotherapy, a combination program of three-drug and targeted therapy is preferred for the active conversion therapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Camptothecin/therapeutic use , Case-Control Studies , Colorectal Neoplasms/drug therapy , Fluorouracil/therapeutic use , Leucovorin/therapeutic use , Liver Neoplasms/drug therapy , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
5.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 130-139, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940323

ABSTRACT

By referring to the relevant ancient herbal literature, medical records and prescription books, the textual research of Violae Herba has been conducted to verify the name, origin, producing area, quality evaluation and processing method changes. The results showed that the name of Zihua Diding originated from its flower color and plant morphological characteristics. The primitive plant of Violae Herba is Viola genus of Violaceae, V. yedoensis, as stipulated in the 2020 edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia, has been the mainstream in past dynasties of China. Violae Herba is mainly wild, and it is widely distributed throughout the country. Since modern times, the quality of Violae Herba is better with integrity, green color and yellow root. There are few records on the harvesting and processing methods of Violae Herba in ancient times, most of which are directly used after drying. It is suggested that the collection and processing methods of Violae Herba in the famous classical formulas can be implemented in accordance with the provisions of the 2020 edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia.

6.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 709-712, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912832

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore an effective mode of medical preventive integration, so as to further the construction of county scale health-centered medical alliances.Methods:This study took five medical alliances from a county in Hangzhou as an example, and carried out the semi-structured interview method and typical case analysis to summarize the medical preventive integration operation mode in January 2020; the self-developed questionnaire was used to understand the operation effectiveness evaluation on county medical alliances by medical staffs and residents from fowr aspects: medical preventive team, medical preventive resources, medical preventive services and medical preventive information fusion.Results:Each county scale medical alliance promoted the integration of medical preventive by innovating the organizational structure, strengthening organizational guarantees, and integrating teams, resources, services, and information on medical preventive. The questionnaire survey showed that medical staff had highest satisfaction with the medical preventive service integration (3.75 points), and lowest satisfaction with the medical preventive information integration (3.69 points); residents had highest satisfaction with health information functions in medical preventive information fusion (4.20 points), and lowest satisfaction with preventive health care services in medical preventive services fusion (4.15 points).Conclusions:The evaluation measures related to medical preventive integration services need to be improved, and the quality of services needs to be promoted, all the information systems need to be interconnected, and big data on the information platform needs to be mined and utilized.

7.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2333-2338, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825887

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To study the effect of total flavonoids of Epimedium brevicornu on postmenopausal osteoporosis (PMOP)model rats based on BMP/Runx 2/Osx signaling pathway so as to confirm the mechanism of preventing and treating osteoporosis(OP). METHODS :By body mass stratification ,50 rats were randomly divided into sham operation group ,model group,E. brevicornu total flavonoids low-dose and high-dose groups [265,530 mg/(kg·d)],estradiol group [0.09 mg/(kg·d)], with 10 rats in each group. Except that sham operation group underwent sham operation ,PMOP model was established by ovariectomy and castration in other groups. After modeling ,they were given normal diet for 2 months and then given relevant medicine intragastrically for consecutive 84 d,once a day ;rats in sham operation group and model group were given equal volume of normal saline. After last medication ,bone mineral density (BMD)of femur and vertebrae of the right lower limb ,the number of trabecular bone (Tb.N),trabecular bone thickness (Tb.Th)and trabecular separation (Tb.Sp)of femur were determined in each group. The serum levels of Ca 2+,OC and P 1NP in serum were detected by ELISA. HE staining was used to observe pathological changes of femur. mRNA and protein expressions of BMP ,Runx2 and OSX in bone tissue were detected by RT-PCR and Western blotting. RESULTS :Compared with sham operation group ,BMD of femur and vertebrae ,serum levels of Ca 2 +,OC and P 1NP, Tb.N and Tb.Th of femur ,mRNA and protein expression of BMP ,Runx2 and Osx in femur were decreased significantly in model group,while Tb.Sp of femur was increased significantly (P<0.01);the structure of trabecular bone was disordered and the fracture was obvious. Compared with model group ,above indexes of rats in administration groups were improved significantly (P< 0.05 or P<0.01),and the effect of E. brevicornu total flavonoids was dose-dependent (P<0.05);the number of trabecular bone increased, arranged orderly and the structure was more brevicornu total flavonoids can improve OP ,the mechanism of which may be associated with com promoting the activity of BMP/Runx 2/Osx signaling pathway.

8.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 757-763, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826659

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of acupuncture at "Baihui" (GV 20) through "Qubin" (GB 7) on NLRP3 inflammatory corpuscle in rats with intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), and to explore the action mechanism of acupuncture on promoting the recovery of neural function in rats with ICH.@*METHODS@#Forty SPF six-week-old male SD rats were randomly divided into a sham operation group, a model group, a non-acupoint group and an acupuncture group, 10 rats in each group. The rats in the model group, non-acupoint group and acupuncture group were intervened with autologous blood injection to prepare ICH model, while the rats in the sham operation group were only intervened with operation but not injection with autologous blood. About 3 hours after the establishment of the model, the rats in the acupuncture group were intervened with acupuncture at "Baihui" (GV 20) through "Qubin" (GB 7), once every 12 hours, for 7 days; the rats in the non-acupoint group were intervened with acupuncture at the non-acupoint [parallel to the "Baihui" (GV 20), 1 cm next to the midline] on the affected side, and other treatment was the same as the acupuncture group. At the end of the intervention, the composite nerve function score of each group was evaluated; the histomorphology of the hemorrhage penumbra was observed by HE staining; the expression of NLRP3 inflammatory corpuscle in the brain was detected by immunohistochemistry; the relative protein expression levels of NLRP3, interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and interleukin-18 (IL-18) in brain were detected by the method of Western blot.@*RESULTS@#Seven days into intervention, compared with the sham operation group, each item score and total score of composite nerve function in the model group were significantly reduced (<0.01, <0.05). There was edema and karyopyknosis in brain neuron as well as necrocytosis and inflammatory cell infiltration in the model group. Compared with the model group and the non-acupoint group, the total score of composite nerve function and the scores of symmetrical movement of limbs (LS) and proprioception of tentacles (VP) in the acupuncture group were increased (<0.01, <0.05), and the cell necrosis and inflammatory cell infiltration were relieved. Compared with the sham operation group, NLRP3 inflammatory corpuscle expression and the relative protein expression levels of NLRP3, IL-1β and IL-18 in brain tissue in the model group were increased (<0.01); compared with the model group and the non-acupoint group, NLRP3 inflammatory corpuscle expression and the relative protein expression levels of NLRP3, IL-1β and IL-18 in brain tissue in the acupuncture group were reduced (<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture at "Baihui" (GV 20) through "Qubin" (GB 7) could downregulate the expression of NLRP3, IL-1β and IL-18 in the brain tissue of ICH rats, inhibit the inflammatory response, and promote the recovery of neural function.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Brain , Cerebral Hemorrhage , Metabolism , Therapeutics , Interleukin-18 , Metabolism , Interleukin-1beta , Metabolism , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein , Metabolism , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
9.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 664-667, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872345

ABSTRACT

Objective:To measure with Zhejiang province as an example the situation of the self-evaluation health management service capability of primary medical staff in county-level medical alliances.Methods:A self-evaluation scale for health management service capability by primary medical staff was customized, covering 5 dimensions of professional attitude, interpersonal communication ability, comprehensive knowledge integration ability, professional practice ability and professional development ability, as well as 29 items. In July-September 2019, medical alliances were selected from three counties/cities based on economic development as the survey targets, and a total of 264 primary medical staff were surveyed. Quantitative data were described in mean and standard deviation, while qualitative data were described in composition ratio, and the differences were compared by Kruskal-Willis test.Results:The self-evaluation scoring of health management service capability of the primary medical staff was (59.75±18.64) points, and the average scoring of the items was (2.06±0.64) points. The scoring of knowledge integration (1.98±0.70)and professional practical ability (2.03±0.67) were lower than the average scoring of the items; gender and occupation type of primary medical staff present statistical significances in the self-evaluation scoring of health management service capability.Conclusions:Given the health management service capabilities of primary medical staff, they still need to upgrade their knowledge integration and professional practice capabilities. County-level medical alliances should enhance their training of health management knowledge and skills, promote doctor-nurse collaboration in health management services to broaden the depth of primary health management services.

10.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 539-543, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872316

ABSTRACT

Building an integrated health care service system is key to the Healthy China strategy. Based on the integrated health care service conceptual framework, the authors took two pilots regions of health-centered medical alliances in Zhejiang province as an example, and analyzed their conception framework, organizational structure, operation elements and effects. The study found initial success of the two alliances in terms of the contents, capabilities, effects and satisfaction of primary health care service. Such alliances feature a health-centered multi-entity participation mechanism, carry out health care and prevention integration leveraging the information platform, hence conducive to the effective governance of the alliances. However, the contents of their health related services are expected to be broadened and deepened; functionalities of health-related institutions need to be clarified and refined, while their performance appraisal needs to be further improved.

11.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 534-538, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872313

ABSTRACT

Objective:Based on the perspective of supply and demand balance, to analyze the implementation effects of primary-feature medical services measures in medical alliances.Methods:From July to September 2019, two regions with different levels of economic development were chosen, and from each region one leading hospital and two community health service centers/township hospitals were selected from its medical alliance. A total of 213 medical staff and 703 residents were surveyed, to learn their awareness and performance appraisal of these feature services.Frequency and proportion were calculated in a descriptive statistical analysis. The scores of the performance appraisal of both supply and demand sides were tested by independent sample t. Results:In the performance appraisal of such measures, the average scoring by medical staff was 4.39±0.07, and that by residents was 3.85±0.06; the residents were more concerned with service capabilities and contents, while medical staff were more concerned with service content and delivery mode; supply and demand sides were found with consensus in terms of improving the medical service quality of chronic diseases in primary level and service accessibility.Conclusions:The county-level medical alliances should focus on enhancing their capacity of primary medical services, and improving their primary service mode with the help of medical insurance institutions. Meanwhile, it is imperative to optimize the primary medical service policy in view of supply and demand balance.

12.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 60-65, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872202

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the degree of trust of patients in community traditional Chinese medicine(TCM)physicians, based on the TCM service capability promotion program, and to analyze the impacts by TCM prevention and health care service.Methods:1 391 patients at 22 primary health service centers in 3 cities from Zhejiang province were investigated using the Chinese version of Wake Forest Physician Trust Scale(WFPTS)in September, 2017. Quantitative and qualitative variables were described by mean±SD, and ratio respectively. Differences were compared by t test, ANOVA and Kruskal-Wallis test. Results:Chinese version of WFPTS had good reliability and validity in measuring community TCM physicians. The average scoring of patients′ trust in community TCM physicians was 38.00±6.42, while their benevolence and competence were 19.14±3.41, 18.82±3.50 respectively.For patients with different demographic characteristics, their quantity and the way to acquire and utilize TCM prevention and health care service had different degrees of trust in community TCM physicians. Patients′ gender, age, awareness and utilization of TCM prevention and health care service, etc. affect the degree of trust in community TCM physicians.Conclusions:Patients have higher degree of trust in community TCM physicians, and improving the rate of awareness and utilization of TCM prevention has positive impacts on the degree of trust in these physicians. It is proposed that health knowledge education be strengthened and skills of community TCM physicians′ capacity be enhanced through various ways.

13.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 577-583, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869000

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the orthopedists' cognition on Chinese Osteoarthritis Guideline (2018 Edition).Methods:Questionnaire about Chinese Osteoarthritis Guideline (2018 Edition) was developed and sent to orthopedists via an invitation link to fill out after authorization from Chinese Osteoarthritis Association. The content of the questionnaire included the basic personal information of the physician, the awareness rate of the guidelines, the evaluation of the guidelines, and its application effects. The survey duration was from September 2019 to December 2019. Multivariate logistic regression and linear regression analysis were performed for the guideline awareness rate and comprehensive score, respectively.Results:A total of 628 physicians completed the questionnaire, of which 623 of 628 (99.2%) were available. About 72.4% of the orthopedists knew the guideline. The awareness rate was statistically related to the education of the physicians ( P<0.05). Respondents' overall score for the guideline was 8.39 with methodological score 8.28. A total of 41.2% of orthopedists thought that the guideline was very good compared with the European and American guidelines, and the clinical problem coverage rate was 78.6%. There is a statistically significant difference in the appraisal of the recommendations ( χ2=138.9, P<0.05) . More than 40% of orthopedists believed that the guidelines were of great help to orthopedists and patients, and that the guide could be promoted to the primary hospitals. Conclusion:After one year publication of Chinese Osteoarthritis Guideline (2018 Edition), most orthopedists have understood the present guideline and applied recommendations in clinical practice. However, the guideline need to be further promoted and disseminated in the future.

14.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 60-65, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798677

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the degree of trust of patients in community traditional Chinese medicine(TCM)physicians, based on the TCM service capability promotion program, and to analyze the impacts by TCM prevention and health care service.@*Methods@#1 391 patients at 22 primary health service centers in 3 cities from Zhejiang province were investigated using the Chinese version of Wake Forest Physician Trust Scale(WFPTS)in September, 2017. Quantitative and qualitative variables were described by mean±SD, and ratio respectively. Differences were compared by t test, ANOVA and Kruskal-Wallis test.@*Results@#Chinese version of WFPTS had good reliability and validity in measuring community TCM physicians. The average scoring of patients′ trust in community TCM physicians was 38.00±6.42, while their benevolence and competence were 19.14±3.41, 18.82±3.50 respectively.For patients with different demographic characteristics, their quantity and the way to acquire and utilize TCM prevention and health care service had different degrees of trust in community TCM physicians. Patients′ gender, age, awareness and utilization of TCM prevention and health care service, etc. affect the degree of trust in community TCM physicians.@*Conclusions@#Patients have higher degree of trust in community TCM physicians, and improving the rate of awareness and utilization of TCM prevention has positive impacts on the degree of trust in these physicians. It is proposed that health knowledge education be strengthened and skills of community TCM physicians′ capacity be enhanced through various ways.

15.
Genomics, Proteomics & Bioinformatics ; (4): 311-318, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772934

ABSTRACT

Next-generation sequencing has allowed identification of millions of somatic mutations in human cancer cells. A key challenge in interpreting cancer genomes is to distinguish drivers of cancer development among available genetic mutations. To address this issue, we present the first web-based application, consensus cancer driver gene caller (C), to identify the consensus driver genes using six different complementary strategies, i.e., frequency-based, machine learning-based, functional bias-based, clustering-based, statistics model-based, and network-based strategies. This application allows users to specify customized operations when calling driver genes, and provides solid statistical evaluations and interpretable visualizations on the integration results. C is implemented in Python and is freely available for public use at http://drivergene.rwebox.com/c3.

16.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2556-2562, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817277

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To systematically evaluate the difference of therapeutic efficacy of Xianling gubao capsules combined with routine therapy for postmenopausal osteoporosis (PMOP). METHODS: Retrieved from Cochrane Library, PubMed, Embase, ClinicalTrials, CNKI, VIP, Wanfang database and CBM, clinical randomized controlled trials (RCTs) about Xianling gubao capsules combined with placebo and routine treatment (trial group) versus placebo and routine treatment or Xianling gubao capsules (control group) alone in the treatment of PMOP were collected. After literature screening and data extraction, the quality of included literatures were evaluated with Cochrane system evaluator manual 5.3 recommend bias risk evaluation tool. Bayesian Network Meta-analysis was performed with Stata 14.0 software  and Bayesian Markov Chain Monte Carlo. RESULTS: A total of 16 RCTs were included, involving a total of 1 360 patients and 3 intervention measures as Xianling gubao capsules alone, Xianling gubao capsules combined with routine treatment, routine treatment. Results of Meta-analysis showed that in respect of improving total response rate, compared with routine treatment, Xianling gubao capsules combined with routine treatment [OR=0.28,95%CI(0.12, 0.64),P<0.05]could significantly improve total response rate; network Meta-analysis ranking showed that Xianling gubao capsules combined with routine treatment>Xianling gubao capsules alone>routine treatment. In terms of increasing bone mineral density (BMD), compared with routine treatment, Xianling gubao capsules combined with routine treatment [OR=0.45,95%CI(0.24, 0.84),P<0.05] and Xianling gubao capsules alone [OR=0.78, 95%CI(0.32, 0.84),P<0.05] could significantly improve BMD; network Meta-analysis ranking showed that Xianling gubao capsules combined with routine treatment>Xianling gubao capsules alone>routine treatment. In the term of improving serum calcium level, compared with Xianling gubao capsules alone [OR=4.76,95%CI(2.14, 10.59),P<0.05] and routine treatment [OR=0.45, 95%CI(0.21, 0.99),P<0.05], Xianling gubao capsules combined with routine treatment could significantly improve serum calcium level; network Meta-analysis ranking showed that Xianling gubao capsules combined with routine treatment>routine treatment>Xianling gubao capsules alone. In the term of improving serum phosphorus level, compared with Xianling gubao capsules alone, Xianling gubao capsules combined with routine treatment [OR=2.85,95%CI(1.81, 4.48),P<0.05] and routine treatment [OR=2.93,95%CI(1.76, 4.86),P<0.05] could significantly improve serum phosphorus level; network Meta-analysis ranking showed that routine treatment>Xianling gubao capsules combined with routine treatment>Xianling gubao capsules alone. CONCLUSIONS: Xianling gubao capsules combined with routine treatment can significantly improve therapeutic efficacy of PP patients, increase BMD and serum calcium level after treatment, but routine treatment is the best in improving serum phosphorous level.

17.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 645-651, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817067

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To study the mechanism of Cistanche deserticola in the treatment of osteoporosis by network pharmacology. METHODS: The active components of C. deserticola were retrieved and obtained by TCM system platform (TCMSP). Reverse molecular docking server DRAR-CPI and related databases GeneCards and OMIM were used to screen the target of C. deserticola active ingredients in the treatment of osteoporosis. The “component-target”network of C. deserticola was constructed by Cytoscape software, and the interaction between targets was plotted by String database and Cytoscape software. The combination activity of target and active ingredient was evaluated via molecular docking with Systems Dock WebSite server. GO classification and enrichment analysis and KEGG pathway enrichment analysis were conducted for target genes using DAVID database. RESULTS: Totally 13 active ingredients were screened out from C. deserticola, such as verbascoside, leonurine, geniposidic acid. There were 43 active ingredient-treated potential targets, such as RUNX2, VEGF, IL-6, BGP, TNF. Multiple signaling pathways were involved in target action, such as WNT (Wingless/Integrated), VEGF, TNF. CONCLUSIONS: This study preliminarily explores and validates the main targets and pathways of C. deserticola in the treatment of osteoporosis, which lay the foundation for further study of its mechanism.

18.
Medical Journal of Chinese People's Liberation Army ; (12): 451-458, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-849827

ABSTRACT

Objective To construct ARID2 knockout human liver cancer cell line Hep3B by CRISPR/Cas9 system, explore the effect of ARID2 knockout on the proliferation of Hep3B, and the differences in gene expression between wild type and ARID2 knockout Hep3B cell lines. Methods The plasmid lentiCRISPRv2 was constructed with ARID2 knockout plasmid, and then transfected Hep3B cells; The positive cells were selected by puromycin, sorted by flow cytometry and cultured to obtain the monoclonal cell lines; ARID2 knockout Hep3B cell lines were identified by Western blotting and Sanger sequencing; The effect of ARID2 knockout on the proliferation of Hep3B cell line was detected by CCK-8 method; RNA-seq was used to analyze the differentially expressed genes between wild type Hep3B cells and ARID2 knockout Hep3B cells, and the results of RNA-seq were validated by Real-time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR). The possible biology functions of ARID2 were explored through Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes Pathway (KEGG Pathway), GO Biological Processes and Gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA). Results Two ARID2 knockout Hep3B cell lines were successfully constructed. Compared with the wild type cell line, the proliferation of ARID2 knockout cell lines was significantly accelerated (P<0.05). A total of 85 differentially expressed genes were identified by RNA-seq analysis between ARID2 knockout cell lines and wild type cell line, of which 17 genes were up-regulated and 68 down-regulated. The mRNA expression of 10 differentially expressed genes were validated by RT-qPCR, the verification results were consistent with that by RNA-seq. Results of KEGG Pathway, GO Biological Processes and GSEA indicated that ARID2 genes might be involved in such biological processes as protein processing and transport, chemokine signaling pathway, Wnt signaling pathway, complement and coagulation cascade reaction, epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), glycolysis, TGF-β signaling pathway, and TNF-α/NF-KB signaling pathway, et al. Conclusion ARID2 knockout can promote proliferation of Hep3B cell line; and ARID2 may play an important role by variety of biological processes in tumor proliferation, invasion, metastasis and tumor microenvironment.

19.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E601-E607, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802400

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare differences in mechanical stability of intramedullary fibular allograft with cannulated screw (modified method) and cannulated screw alone (conventional method) for fixing young and middle-aged Pauwels Ⅰ, Ⅱ, Ⅲ femoral neck fractures. Methods Models of Pauwels Ⅰ, Ⅱ, Ⅲ femoral neck fracture fixed by conventional method and modified method were constructed. Stress distributions on weight-bearing area of the femoral cortical bone shell and the end of femoral neck fracture, as well as shear stress distributions on cortical bone shell of the femoral head and femoral neck fracture surface were analyzed, the maximum principal strain cloud maps of the femur in coronal position were drawn according to the predicted data, and the displacements of femoral neck fracture end between two groups were compared. Results The shear stress distributions on cortical bone shell of the femoral head in two directions (S12, S13) showed that femoral neck fractures fixed by modified method was superior or close to that by conventional method. Besides, the shear stress distributions on fracture surface of the femoral neck in two directions (S12, S23) showed that modified internal fixation was superior to conventional internal fixation. The displacements of femoral neck fracture end in Pauwels Ⅱ and Ⅲ fracture fixed by conventional method were greater than those by modified method and the displacements of Pauwels Ⅱ fracture fixed by conventional method were obviously larger than those of Pauwels Ⅱ fracture fixed by modified method. But Pauwels Ⅰ fracture fixed by modified method showed a larger displacement than that fixed by conventional method. Conclusions Modified method is more suitable for fixing femoral neck fracture with large angles (Pauwels Ⅱ and Ⅲ fracture), and conventional method is more suitable for fixing neck fracture with small angles (Pauwels Ⅰ fracture).

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Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 1633-1640, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743842

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: In the treatment of osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures with percutaneous vertebroplasty, the efficacy and safety of bone cement injection by unipedicular and bipedicular approaches are still controversial. Some studies suggest that bone cement injection via unipedicular approach can shorten operation time and reduce postoperative complications, while the other studies suggest that bone cement injection via bipedicular approach can make bone cement distribute more evenly in the vertebral body and relieve pain better. OBJECTIVE: To systematically assess the efficacy and safety of percutaneous vertebroplasty via unipedicular versus bipedicular approach in the treatment of osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures. METHODS: Randomized controlled trials about unipedicular versus bipedicular percutaneous vertebroplasty in the treatment of osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture published before September 18 t h, 2018 were retrieved in the PubMed, Cochrane library, Embase, CNKI, VIP, WanFang data and CBM. Two researchers independently screened all the literatures, carried out data extraction and used improved Jadad to evaluate the methodological quality of the included studies. Meta-analysis using Revam 5.3 was conducted. Egger's test was utilized to evaluate the publication bias. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Totally 14 randomized controlled trials including 900 cases were eventually included, 452 cases in unipedicular approach group and 448 cases in bipedicular approach group. The Meta-analysis results showed that compared with the bipedicular approach, the unipedicular approach required shorter operation time [weighted mean difference (WMD) =-16.59, 95% confidence interval (CI) (-19.25, -13.94), P < 0.001], smaller amount of bone cement injected [WMD=-1.27, 95% CI (-1.64, -0.89), P < 0.001], and had lower incidence of cement leakage [relative risk=0.70, 95% CI (0.53, 0.92), P =0.01]. There were no significant differences in short-and long-term Visual Analogue Scale scores, short-and long-term Oswestry Disability Index scores, and the postoperative incidence of adjacent vertebral fractures between the two groups (P> 0.05). Overall, bone cement injection both via bipedicular and unipedicular approaches can lead to a significant improvement in pain relief and living quality of osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture patients, but bone cement injection via unipedicular approach can shorten operation time, reduce cement volume and lower the incidence of cement leakage compared with the bipedicular approach.

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