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1.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 29: e2022_0115, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1423523

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objectives: The effects of weightlessness on the liver were studied using a tail suspension (TS) male mouse model. Methods: The effects of 0-, 2- and 4-week TS (CON, TS2 and TS4 groups) on glycogen and lipid content, as well as on the molecular processes of the synthesis and degradation pathways, were examined. Results: (1) The number of glycogenosomes under ultrastructure and the glycogen content were considerably larger in the TS4 group than in the other two groups. (2) In the TS4 group, glycogen synthase activity remained constant while glycogen phosphorylase activity dropped, indicating that glycogen breakdown was reduced. (3) The livers of the TS2 group had the highest lipid and triglyceride content, indicating lipid buildup in the liver at this time. (4) In the TS2 group, the activities of the fatty acid synthesis-related factors acetyl-CoA carboxylase and fatty acid synthase increased, while hepatic lipase decreased, indicating that lipid synthesis increased, while decomposition decreased. (5) In the TS2 group, the protein expression of glucose transporters 1 and 2 increased. Conclusions: From TS2 weeks to TS4 weeks, the main energy consumption mode in the livers of mice transitioned from glucose metabolism to lipid metabolism as glucose use decreased. Level of evidence II; Comparative prospective study.


RESUMEN Objetivos: Se estudiaron los efectos de la antigravedad en el hígado utilizando un modelo de ratón macho en prueba de suspensión de la cola (TS, tail suspension). Métodos: Se examinaron los efectos de la TS a las 0, 2 y 4 semanas (grupos CON, TS2 y TS4) sobre el contenido de glucógeno y lípidos, así como sobre los procesos moleculares de las vías de síntesis y degradación. Resultados: (1) El número de glucogenosomas ultraestructurales y el contenido de glucógeno fueron expresivamente más altos en el grupo TS4 que en los otros dos grupos. (2) En el grupo TS4, la actividad de la glucógeno sintasa se mantuvo constante, mientras que la actividad de la glucógeno fosforilasa disminuyó, lo que indica que la degradación del glucógeno se redujo. (3) Los hígados del grupo TS2 presentaron el mayor contenido de lípidos y triglicéridos, lo que indica la acumulación de lípidos en el hígado en ese momento. (4) En el grupo TS2, la actividad de los factores relacionados con la síntesis de ácidos grasos acetil-CoA carboxilasa y ácido graso sintasa aumentó, mientras que la lipasa hepática disminuyó, indicando que la síntesis de lípidos aumentó mientras que la descomposición disminuyó. (5) En el grupo TS2, la expresión proteica de los transportadores de glucosa 1 y 2 aumentó. Conclusiones: Desde la semana TS2 hasta la semana TS4, el principal modo de consumo de energía en el hígado de los ratones pasó del metabolismo de la glucosa al metabolismo de los lípidos a medida que disminuía el uso de la glucosa. Nivel de Evidencia II, Estudio retrospectivo comparativo.


RESUMO Objetivos: Os efeitos da antigravidade no fígado foram estudados usando um modelo de camundongo macho com a suspensão pela cauda (TS, tail suspension). Métodos: Foram examinados os efeitos da TS em 0, 2 e 4 semanas (grupos CON, TS2 e TS4) sobre o conteúdo de glicogênio e lipídios, bem como nos processos moleculares das vias de síntese e degradação. Resultados: (1) O número de glicogenossomos ultraestruturais e o teor de glicogênio foram expressivamente maiores no grupo TS4 do que nos outros dois grupos. (2) No grupo TS4, a atividade de glicogênio sintase permaneceu constante, enquanto a atividade de glicogênio fosforilase caiu, indicando que a degradação do glicogênio foi reduzida. (3) Os fígados do grupo TS2 tiveram o maior teor lipídico e de triglicérides, indicando acúmulo de lipídios no fígado no momento. (4) No grupo TS2, a atividade dos fatores relacionados com a síntese de ácidos graxos acetil-CoA carboxilase e ácido graxo sintase aumentaram, enquanto a lipase hepática diminuiu, indicando que a síntese de lipídios aumentou, enquanto a decomposição diminuiu. (5) No grupo TS2, a expressão proteica dos transportadores de glicose 1 e 2 aumentou. Conclusões: De TS2 semanas para TS4 semanas, o principal modo de consumo de energia no fígado de camundongos passou do metabolismo da glicose para o metabolismo lipídico, à medida que o uso de glicose diminuiu. Nível de evidência II, Estudo retrospectivo comparativo.

2.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1621-1626, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987879

ABSTRACT

AIM:To explore the effect of intravitreal injection FasL inhibitors on corneal apoptosis, Fas, FasL expression, Treg numbers in blood and lymph nodes and rejection index in rats after corneal transplantation.METHODS:A total of 24 SD rats(24 eyes)who received penetrating keratoplasty were randomly divided into two groups: PBS group received intravitreal injection of PBS(12 rats, 12 eyes)and FasL inhibitor group(12 rats, 12 eyes). Rejection index was recorded every week and blood samples and lymph node were collected at 1, 3 and 5wk after surgery to analyze the proportions of Treg. Corneal tissue was collected for detecting the expression of Fas and FasL and number of apoptosis.RESULTS: The expression of Fas, FasL in FasL inhibitor group decreased significantly compared with the PBS group(all P<0.05); Corneal cell apoptosis significantly decreased in FasL inhibitor group, and it was the lowest at 5wk after surgery; Treg numbers in blood and lymph nodes significantly increased in FasL inhibitor group at 3wk after surgery(all P<0.05); rejection index of corneal transplantation in the FasL inhibitor group was significantly lower than that of PBS group(all P<0.05).CONCLUSION:Intravitreal injection of FasL inhibitors after corneal transplantation could reduce the apoptosis in all layers of cornea, increase the number of Tregs in blood and lymph nodes, and alleviate rejection.

3.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 66-69, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970238

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical efficacy of liver transplantation in the treatment of acute liver in children with NBAS gene deficiency disease and their outcome. Methods: This retrospective study enrolled children with NBAS gene deficiency who were admitted to the Children's Hospital of Fudan University for liver transplantation from January 2013 to June 2022. The clinical data were collected and analyzed. Medical literature published before June 2022 was searched with the keywords of "NBAS" "neuroblastoma amplified sequence recurrent" "acute liver failure" "SOPH syndrome" "short stature with optic nerve atrophy" "Pelger-Huët anomaly" in PubMed, China National Knowledge Infrastructure and Wanfang database. Results: Liver transplantation was performed in 3 patients (2 males and 1 female) with NBAS deficiency. All patients presented with fever-triggered recurrent acute liver failure. The genetic detection found compound heterozygous NBAS gene pathogenic variants in them. The total episodes of acute liver failure before liver transplantation were 11, 2, and 4 respectively, and the age at liver transplantation was 3.5, 2.3, and 2.0 years respectively. During liver transplantation, patient 1 was in the convalescent phase of acute liver failure, patient 2 was in the acute phase, presenting with hepatic encephalopathy (grade V) and respiratory failure, and patient 3 was considered to be in the acute phase. After liver transplantation, patient 1 recovered normal liver function within 1 month and had no liver transplantation-related complications. Patient 2 had secondary epilepsy, intellectual disability, movement disorder, and transiently elevated transaminases. Patient 3 died of severe infection within 1 month. There was no literature in Chinese, 6 in English, 8 NBAS-deficient patients who were treated with liver transplantation. Total 11 patients presented with fever-triggered recurrent acute liver failure. Their age at liver transplantation ranged from 0.9 to 5.0 years. Postoperative complications occurred in 3 patients. Until the last visit, they were followed up for 0.7 to 14.0 years. Total 2 patients died and the 9 surviving patients did not develop acute liver failure. Conclusions: Liver transplantation is effective for the treatment of acute liver failure associated with NBAS gene disease. However, postoperative complications of liver transplantation may occur. The timing of liver transplantation still needs further research.


Subject(s)
Child , Male , Humans , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Retrospective Studies , Neoplasm Proteins/genetics , Optic Atrophy/genetics , Pelger-Huet Anomaly/genetics , Liver Failure, Acute/complications
4.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 221-226, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971128

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expression and its relative mechanism of hypoxia-inducible factor-1α(HIF-1α) in bone marrow(BM) of mice during G-CSF mobilization of hematopoietic stem cells (HSC) .@*METHODS@#Flow cytometry was used to detect the proportion of Lin-Sca-1+ c-kit+ (LSK) cells in peripheral blood of C57BL/6J mice before and after G-CSF mobilization. And the expression of HIF-1α and osteocalcin (OCN) mRNA and protein were detected by RQ-PCR and immunohistochemistry. The number of osteoblasts in bone marrow specimens of mice was counted under the microscope.@*RESULTS@#The proportion of LSK cells in peripheral blood began to increase at day 4 of G-CSF mobilization, and reached the peak at day 5, which was significantly higher than that of control group (P<0.05). There was no distinct difference in the expression of HIF-1α mRNA between bone marrow nucleated cells and osteoblasts of steady-state mice (P=0.073), while OCN mRNA was mainly expressed in osteoblasts, which was higher than that in bone marrow nucleated cells (P=0.034). After mobilization, the expression level of HIF-1α increased, but OCN decreased, and the number of endosteum osteoblasts decreased. The change of HIF-1α expression was later than that of OCN and was consistent with the proportion of LSK cells in peripheral blood.@*CONCLUSION@#The expression of HIF-1α in bone marrow was increased during the mobilization of HSC mediated by G-CSF, and one of the mechanisms may be related to the peripheral migration of HSC induced by osteoblasts inhibition.


Subject(s)
Mice , Animals , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Mobilization , Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor/pharmacology , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit/metabolism , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Bone Marrow Cells/metabolism , Osteocalcin/metabolism , RNA, Messenger/metabolism
5.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 373-377, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981552

ABSTRACT

Heart failure is a disease that seriously threatens human health and has become a global public health problem. Diagnostic and prognostic analysis of heart failure based on medical imaging and clinical data can reveal the progression of heart failure and reduce the risk of death of patients, which has important research value. The traditional analysis methods based on statistics and machine learning have some problems, such as insufficient model capability, poor accuracy due to prior dependence, and poor model adaptability. In recent years, with the development of artificial intelligence technology, deep learning has been gradually applied to clinical data analysis in the field of heart failure, showing a new perspective. This paper reviews the main progress, application methods and major achievements of deep learning in heart failure diagnosis, heart failure mortality and heart failure readmission, summarizes the existing problems and presents the prospects of related research to promote the clinical application of deep learning in heart failure clinical research.


Subject(s)
Humans , Artificial Intelligence , Deep Learning , Heart Failure/diagnosis , Machine Learning , Diagnostic Imaging
6.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 188-195, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993792

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the features as well as the diagnosis and differential diagnosis values by conventional MRI morphometrics in different clinical subtypes of progressive supranuclear palsy(PSP).Methods:Forty five patients with PSP were included, comprising three PSP subtypes: 15 cases of Richardson's syndrome(PSP-RS), 15 cases of Parkinson's syndrome(PSP-P)and 15 cases of progressive frozen gait(PSP-PFG). In addition, three control groups were established: 15 cases of multiple system atrophy-Parkinson's syndrome(MSA-P), 30 cases of primary Parkinson's disease(PD)and 40 healthy controls(HC). Midbrain area-to-Pons area ratio(M/P), Magnetic Resonance Parkinsonism Index(MRPI, MRPI2.0), width ratio of middle cerebellar peduncle to superior cerebellar peduncle(MCP/SCP), Midbrain-to-Pons ratio(MTPR), Angle of cerebral peduncle(A cp), third ventricle width/frontal horns width ratio(V 3rd/FH), and Humming bird sign rating scale(HBS-RS)scores were calculated.Diagnostic sensitivity and specificity were performed by ROC curve to assess the accuracy of these imaging indicators in the diagnosis and differential diagnosis of PSP and its subtypes. Results:The MRPI, MRPI2.0, MCP/SCP and HBS-RS scores were significantly higher in PSP group than in other control groups( H=69.351, 66.776, 33.926 and 84.694, all P<0.05), while M/P and MTPR were significantly lower in PSP group than in other control groups(H=60.101 and 77.276, all P<0.05). PSP group also had higher V 3rd/FH compared with PD or HC group( F=17.168, P<0.05), but not with MSA-P group( Z=-1.602, P>0.05). The above differences also existed between each PSP subgroup and control groups.Among PSP subgroups, PSP-PFG subgroup had a larger A cp than did PSP-RS( Z=-2.510, P<0.05), and had higher HBS-RS score than did PSP-P group( Z=-2.380, P<0.05). No significant differences in other MRI morphometric indexes were identified among PSP subtypes.The M/P, MRPI, MTPR, MRPI2.0, HBS-RS score showed good accuracy in diagnosing PSP and its each subgroup, with HBS-RS score being the most accurate indicator, when the cutoff value was 2, the AUC values were all higher than 0.99, and the sensitivity and specificity were all above 90%.PSP and its subtypes were best distinguished from MSA-P by MRPI, when the cutoff value was 9.94, the AUC values were all higher than 0.90, with the sensitivity of 100% and specificity of 86.67%.PSP and its subtypes were best distinguished from PD by MTPR, AUC values were all above 0.95, with slightly different cutoff values.Almost all the morphological measurement parameters failed to show significant sensitivity and specificity in discriminating subtypes of PSP.The sensitivity and specificity of almost all MRI morphometry indicators in differentiating different subtypes of PSP are not high. Conclusions:MRI morphometrics have a high value both in the diagnosis of PSP and its subtypes, and also in specific application fields.MRI morphometrics have a limited value in discriminating PSP subtypes.

7.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 31-40, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993407

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the safety and effectiveness of robot-assisted total knee arthroplasty (TKA).Methods:From August 2021 to March 2022, the data of 69 patients who received robot-assisted TKA for inflammatory disease of knee in 6 hospitals were collected, including 24 males and 45 females, aged 52±6 years (range, 46-72 years), including 53 cases of knee osteoarthritis,10 cases of rheumatoid arthritis, and 6 cases of traumatic arthritis. Imaging data examination of patients was completed according to the multicenter specification. Preoperatively, the patient's CT data were extracted before surgery and a personalized prosthesis positioning plan was designed by the robotic system to determine the prosthesis size, lower limb force lines, and femoral and tibial osteotomy volumes; intraoperatively, the osteotomy template was robotically controlled to complete the osteotomy according to the prosthesis positioning plan, and the intraoperative osteotomy volumes were measured to verify the accuracy of the robot-assisted TKA osteotomy with the preoperative planning. Postoperatively, the lateral angle of the distal femur, the medial angle of the proximal tibia and the hip-knee-ankle angle were measured in the coronal plane according to radiographs; the postoperative outcome was evaluated 3 months after operation, using the American Knee Society score (KSS), including the KSS knee score and functional score.Results:The operative time was 97.3±2.3 min (range, 80-110 min) and the amount of bleeding was 320.0±6.2 ml (range, 300-350 ml) in 69 patients. Three months after operation, the mean range of motion of knee joint was increased from 82.2°±1.1° before surgery to 119.7°±0.8° after surgery ( t=27.65, P<0.001), and the line of force of lower limb was improved from 160.9°±0.5° before surgery to 178.0°±0.2° after surgery ( t=32.03, P<0.001). KSS-knee score increased from 54.8±0.7 points before operation to 85.0±0.5 points after operation, and KSS-functional score increased from 56.5±0.7 points before operation to 85.9±0.4 points after operation, the difference was statistically significant ( t=35.45, 36.58, P<0.001). The proportion of patients with intraoperative femoral and tibial osteotomies within 2 mm osteotomy error compared with preoperative planning was 97% for the lateral tibial plateau, 100% for the medial tibial plateau, 100% for the lateral distal femur, 99% for the medial distal femur, 93% for the lateral posterior femoral condyle, and 100% for the medial posterior femoral condyle; The proportion of patients with postoperative anteroposterior X-ray measurement angle error within 3° was: 100.0% for the distal lateral femoral angle, 100.0% for the proximal medial tibial angle, and 100% for the hip-knee-ankle angle. No complications occurred in all patients except for one case in which fat liquefaction occurred in the postoperative wound. Conclusion:Robot-assisted TKA is a safe and effective surgical method for the treatment of inflammatory disease of knee with accurate prosthesis installation and good postoperative recovery of lower limb alignment.

8.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 530-536, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992744

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the early curative effects of robot-assisted total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in the treatment of valgus knee.Methods:A retrospective study was conducted to analyze the data of 40 patients with valgus knee who had been treated by TKA at Department of Orthopaedics, The 920th Hospital of Joint Logistics Support Force of Chinese People's Liberation Army from January to December 2021. The patients were divided into 2 groups according to whether a robot had been used or not for TKA. In the observation group of 15 cases for which TKA was assisted by a robot, there were 4 males and 11 females with an age of (65.5±6.2) years, and the disease course was 42 (36, 54) months; in the control group of 25 cases for which conventional TKA was performed, there were 8 males and 17 females with an age of (65.8±7.5) years, and the disease course was 42 (36, 60) months. Surgical time, hemoglobin decrease, and knee joint range of motion, American Knee Society Score (KSS), hip-knee-ankle angle (HKA), lateral distal femoral angle (LDFA), and medial proximal tibial angle (MPTA) at 12 months after surgery were compared between the 2 groups.Results:There was no significant difference in the preoperative general data between the 2 groups, indicating comparability ( P>0.05). The surgical time in the observation group was (148.0±21.2) min, significantly longer than that in the control group [(115.2±7.1) min], and the hemoglobin decreased by (11.8±1.1) g/L in the observation group, significantly less than that in the control group [(18.1±1.8) g/L] ( P<0.05). The observation group and the control group were followed up for 13 (13, 14) and 13 (13, 14) months after surgery, respectively, showing no statistically significant difference ( P>0.05). At 12 months after surgery, the KSS knee score, KSS functional score, and knee range of motion in the observation group were (86.1±4.6) points, (86.9±3.1) points, and 115.7°±5.0°, significantly larger than those in the control group [(82.2±3.5) points, (82.8±0.9) points, and 108.2°±5.0°] ( P<0.05). Reexamination of full-length radiographs of both lower limbs in all patients showed good positions of the prostheses and no such adverse events as loosening or sinking at 12 months after surgery. The HKA (178.5°±1.2°) and LDFA (89.1°±0.7°) at 12 months after surgery in the observation group were significantly larger than those in the control group (176.6°±1.5°, 88.2°±8.2°) ( P<0.05); there was no statistically significant difference in MPTA between the 2 groups ( P>0.05). Conclusions:In the treatment of valgus knee, robot-assisted TKA can correct joint deformity, and achieve precise osteotomy and functional alignment of lower limbs, leading to better early curative effects than conventional TKA.

9.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 673-679, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992649

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the short-term efficacy of rotational femoral neck osteotomy with preservation of the round ligament in the treatment of subchondral insufficiency fracture of the femoral head (SIFFH) in young and middle-aged people.Methods:A retrospective case series study was used to analyze the clinical data of 13 patients with SIFFH, who were admitted to 920th Hospital of Joint Logistics Support Force from January 2017 to January 2022. The patients included 10 males and 3 females, aged 22-49 years [(33.5±8.3)years]. There were 6 patients with fracture on the left hip and 7 on the right hip. All the patients were treated by rotational femoral neck osteotomy with preservation of the round ligament. Postoperatively, standardized joint functional training was given. The operative time and intraoperative bleeding were recorded. The modified Harris hip score and visual analogue score (VAS) were compared preoperatively, at 3, 6 months postoperatively and at the final follow-up. Radiological examinations were used to observe the occurrence of any collapse of the femoral head, non-union at osteotomy site or other complications.Results:The patients were followed up for 13-24 months [(17.9±3.1)months]. The operative time was (127.3±9.8)minutes, with the intraoperative bleeding of (393.9±21.9)ml. The values of modified Harris hip score were (61.6±3.3)points, (80.2±4.4)points, and (91.9±4.1)points at 3, 6 months postoperatively and at the final follow-up, respectively, being significantly higher than the preoperative (51.4±3.5)points (all P<0.05), and there were significant differences between different postoperative timepoints (all P<0.05). The values of VAS were (4.9±1.1)points, (3.0±0.9)points, and (1.4±0.5)points at 3, 6 months postoperatively and at the final follow-up, respectively, being significantly lower than preoperative (6.7±0.9)points (all P<0.05), and there were significant differences between different postoperative timepoints (all P<0.05). Imaging examination showed no femoral head collapse, with all the bones healed at the osteotomy site. There were no serious complications such as bone non-union, incision infection or peripheral nerve injury. Conclusion:Rotational femoral neck osteotomy with preservation of the round ligament in treating SIFFH in the young and middle-aged population has the advantages of shortened operative time, less intraoperative bleeding, promoted hip function recovery, attenuated pain and decreased complications, showing a satisfactory early effect.

10.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 914-923, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010299

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the molecular mechanisms underlying the effect of baicalin on prostate cancer (PCa) progression both in vivo and in vitro.@*METHODS@#The in situ PCa stem cells (PCSCs)-injected xenograft tumor models were established in BALB/c nude mice. Tumor volume and weight were respectively checked after baicalin (100 mg/kg) treatment. Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was used to observe the growth arrest and cell necrosis. mRNA expression levels of acetaldehyde dehydrogenase 1 (ALDH1), CD44, CD133 and Notch1 were determined by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. Protein expression levels of ALDH1, CD44, CD133, Notch1, nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) P65 and NF-κB p-P65 were detected by Western blot. Expression and subcellular location of ALDH1, CD44, CD133, Notch1 and NF-κB p65 were detected by immunofluorescence analysis. In vitro, cell cycle distribution and cell apoptosis of PC3 PCSCs was assessed by flow cytometry after baicalin (125 µmol/L) treatment. The migration and invasion abilities of PCSCs were assessed using Transwell assays. Transmission electron microscopy scanning was utilized to observe the structure and autophagosome formation of baicalin-treated PCSCs. In addition, PCSCs were infected with lentiviruses expressing human Notch1.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, the tumor volume and weight were notably reduced in mice treated with 100 mg/kg baicalin (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Histopathological analysis showed that baicalin treatment significantly inhibited cell proliferation and promoted cell apoptosis. Furthermore, baicalin treatment reduced mRNA and protein expression levels of CD44, CD133, ALDH1, and Notch1 as well as the protein expression of NF-κB p-P65 in the xenograft tumor (P<0.01). In vitro, the cell proliferation of PCSCs was significantly attenuated after treatment with 125 µmol/L baicalin for 72 h (P<0.01). The cell migration and invasion rates were decreased following treatment with baicalin for 48 and 72 h (P<0.01). Baicalin notably induced cell apoptosis and seriously damaged the structure of PCSCs. The mRNA and protein expressions of CD133, CD44, ALDH1 and Notch1 in PCSCs were significantly downregulated following baicalin treatment (P<0.01). Importantly, the inhibitory effects of baicalin on PCa progression and stemness were reversed by Notch1 overexpression (P<0.05 or P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#Mechanistically, baicalin exhibited a potential therapeutic effect on PCa via inhibiting the Notch1/NF-κB signaling pathway and its mediated cancer stemness.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Mice , Animals , NF-kappa B/metabolism , Mice, Nude , Cell Line, Tumor , Signal Transduction , Prostatic Neoplasms/drug therapy , RNA, Messenger
11.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 561-566, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935325

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the effect of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) pollution on depression hospitalization cost and length of stay in 57 cities of China. Methods: A total of 84 207 patients with depression in 57 cities of China from January 2013 to December 2017 were selected as the subjects. The demographic characteristics and hospitalization status of the patients were obtained from the database of basic medical insurance for urban workers and urban residents in China. The environmental exposure data of the same period were obtained from the national air quality real-time release platform of China Environmental Monitoring Station. A generalized additive model based on quasi-Poisson distribution was used to analyze PM2.5 exposure effect in each city, and the nonlinear mixing of moving average temperature, relative humidity and date was controlled by natural smooth spline function. Results: Among the included cities, southern cities accounted for 50.88% (29), and the number of female inpatients, hospitalization costs and hospitalization days accounted for 62.65%, 63.50% and 60.85% (42 735 cases, 567.78 million yuan and 1.14 million days, respectively). The proportion of hospitalized cases, hospitalization cost and length of stay in the age group of 40 to 64 years old were 59.15% (40 346 cases), 53.92% (482.15 million yuan) and 52.07% (0.98 million days), respectively. PM2.5 level was positively correlated with the number of hospitalized cases with depression, hospitalization cost and length of stay. When the 3-day moving average of PM2.5 exposure level increased by 10 μg/m3, the number of hospitalization cases increased by 0.64%. The attributed percentage (95%CI) of hospitalized cases, hospitalization costs and length of stay were 3.35% (0.57%-6.04%), 3.04% (0.52%-5.48%) and 3.07% (0.49%-5.56%), respectively. Subgroup analysis showed that the attributed percentage of hospitalization cases, hospitalization cost and length of stay to PM2.5 exposure ranged from 3.97% to 4.68%, 4.04% to 4.33% and 4.13% to 4.30% in northern China, male and cold season, respectively. Conclusion: PM2.5 exposure is associated with the increase of hospitalization cost and length of stay among Chinese urban population with depression.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Air Pollutants/analysis , Air Pollution/analysis , China/epidemiology , Depression , Dust/analysis , Hospitalization , Particulate Matter/analysis
12.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 21-27, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934169

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of flap combined with 3D printed microporous titanium(tantalum)prosthesis in the treatment of lower extremity soft tissue defect with large bone defect.Methods:From January 2019 to December 2020, 2 patients with large soft tissue defects on dorsal foot together with large metatarsal bone defect and 4 patients with soft tissue defects of calf with large tibial bone defect were treated. The areas of soft tissue defect were 5.0 cm×8.0 cm-15.0 cm×10.0 cm. The length of the bone defect were 3.8 cm to 7.0 cm, 5.75 cm in average. In the first stage, metatarsal bone defect or tibial bone defect was filled with vancomycin blended bone cement, meanwhile, soft tissue defect was repaired with anterolateral femoral flap(ALTF) with vascular anastomosis in 2 cases of feet, and local fascia flap was trans-positioned in 4 cases of lower extremity defects. The sizes of repairing flap were 6.0 cm×8.5 cm-16.0 cm×11.0 cm. Two to 7 months after the initial surgery, the customer designed microporous titanium prostheses were used(5 cases with microporous titanium and 1 with microporous tantalum) to repair the bone defects. The wound healing, the integration of metatarsal and tibial fractures with 3D printed microporous titanium(tantalum) prostheses, and the walking condition were observed after surgery. The follow-up lasted from 6 to 25 months, with an average of 12.7 months.Results:The wound healing in 5 patients was good. The patients stood on the foot in 2 months after surgery, started to walk with the assistance of crutch in 3 months after surgery, and took walk without assistance in 5-6 months after surgery. Good osseous integration were achieved. One diabetic patient had infection of foot wound 3 months after surgery. After removal of microporous titanium prosthesis and replacement of vancomycin blended interstitial substance of bone cement, the wound healed and the patient resumed walking.Conclusion:It is an effective method to encourage the patients to take early ambulation after the surgery for lower extremity soft tissue defect with large bone defect that was repaired by a flap and 3D printed microporous titanium(tantalum)prosthesis. Further observations are required to investigate the long-term efficacy, and the reduction of prosthesis infection rate requires further exploration.

13.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 292-297, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928708

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinical characteristics of bloodstream infection (BSI) in patients treated by hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT).@*METHODS@#The clinical characteristics, distribution of pathogenic bacteria causing BSI and drug sensitivity of 910 patients treated by HSCT in our department from January 2013 to June 2020 were retrospectively analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Among 910 HSCT patients, 111 patients were diagnosed as BSI within 100 days after transplantation, and 98 patients showed BSI during the period of agranulocytosis. Multivariate analysis showed that the usage of anti-thymocyte globulin (ATG), long duration of agranulocytosis and low infusion volume of mononuclear cell (MNC) were the independent risk factors affecting BSI after HSCT. Among 121 pathogenic bacteria isolated, 76 Gram-negative (G-) bacteria (62.8%), 40 Gram-positive (G+) bacteria (33.0%), and 5 fungi (4.1%) were detected out. The top three pathogens were Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus epidermidis and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The drug-resistance rates of Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae to carbapenems was 14.3% and 7.7%, respectively, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa was 66.7%. The susceptibility of G+ bacteria to vancomycin, linezolid and teicoplanin was 97.5%, 100% and 100%, respectively. The crude mortality rate of the patients with BSI at 100 days after HSCT was significantly higher than that of patients without BSI (P<0.001).@*CONCLUSION@#The usage of ATG, long duration of agranulocytosis and low infusion volume of MNC are independent risk factors for BSI after HSCT. The pathogens after HSCT are mainly G- bacteria. Pseudomonas aeruginosa is highly resistant to carbapenems. Key words  ;


Subject(s)
Humans , Bacteremia/epidemiology , Bacteria , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Retrospective Studies , Sepsis
14.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1989-1994, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928137

ABSTRACT

Toxicity-attenuating compatibility is an effective measure to ensure the safety of Chinese medicine. Involving the origin, processing method, compatibility mode, and dosage, it faces multiple challenges, such as the uncertainty of toxic substances, toxicity latency, indefinite safe dose, complex toxicity-efficacy relationship, and individual difference. As a result, research on clinical safety of Chinese medicine is limited by the consistency at "molecular-cellular-organ-overall" levels, unclear interaction of multiple medicinals and multiple substances, the "toxicity-efficacy-compatibility-syndrome" correlation, and the "dosage-time-toxicity-efficacy" conversion law. Therefore, following the principle of "starting from the clinical practice, verifying via the theoretical basis, and finally applying in clinical practice", we verified the toxicity at "molecular-cellular-organ-overall" levels, revealed the interaction of multiple medicinals and substances, collected evidence at multiple levels, clarified the "dosage-time-toxicity-efficacy" relationship, and tested the consistency between basic and clinical biomarkers. On this basis, we studied the toxicity-alleviating and efficacy-enhancing(preserving) compatibility characteristics, the fate of one medicinal and multiple medicinals in vivo, the molecular mechanism of toxicity, the "dosage-time-toxicity-efficacy" conversion law, and the clinical characteristics of toxic traditional Chinese medicine based on disease and syndrome. The three mechanisms of toxicity-attenuating compatibility reflect the seven-reaction theory in Chinese medicine compatibility. Finally, the strategies for safe use of Chinese medicine were proposed.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal/toxicity , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Research Design
15.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 577-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941477

ABSTRACT

In the context of shortage of donor livers, split liver transplantation has achieved the goal of "one donor liver for two recipients", which effectively alleviates the shortage of donor livers and has promising development prospect. With the advancement of liver transplant techniques, split liver transplantation may yield clinical prognosis equivalent to total liver transplantation. However, perioperative management of split liver transplantation still encounters multiple challenges, with demanding techniques requirement and high-risk postoperative complications. Besides, there is a possibility of dividing one high-quality donor liver into two marginal donor livers, which will affect the development of liver transplantation. In this article, perioperative management of split liver transplantation was discussed from the perspectives of preoperative evaluation, recipient management and postoperative complication management, aiming to provide reference for promoting the development of split liver transplantation and enhancing clinical prognosis of recipients after split liver transplantation.

16.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics ; (12): 1414-1424, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014748

ABSTRACT

AlM: The Chinese medicinal herb Hanfangji is dried roots of Stephania tetrandra S. Moore (Family, Menispermaceae). Tetrandrine and fangchinoline are two major constituents of Hanfangji and these bisbenzyltetrahydroisoquinoline alkaloids possess anti - cancer and other pharmacological activities. To facilitate further pharmacodynamic investigation of these compounds, a pharmacokinetic investigation was performed in rats and in vitro. METHODS: Pharmacokinetics of tetrandrine and fangchinoline were characterized in rats p.o. or i.v. dosing an aqueous extract of Hanfangji or the individual compound. Unbound levels of systemic exposure to these two alkaloids were assessed using in vitro studies of plasma protein binding, blood-plasma partition, and lysosomal trapping. All the study samples were analyzed by liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry.RESULTS: We found two pharmacokinetic features of tetrandrine and fangchinoline. First, the two compounds had blood levels of systemic exposure substantially higher than the respective plasma levels of systemic exposure. Second, the two compounds exhibited significantly higher systemic exposure levels after p.o. dosing an aqueous extract of Hanfangji than the respective exposure levels after p.o. dosing the individual compound, at the same compound dose levels and under the same conditions for analytical measurement and the same conditions for animal study. Unbound fractions of tetrandrine and fangchinoline in rat plasma were 2%-5% and the concentrations of the alkaloids in rat erythrocytes were 5-times higher than those in rat plasma. Lysosomal inhibitor could block their trapping in lysosomes and significantly reduce their concentrations in HEK-293 cells. CONCLUSlON: The following pharmacokinetic aspects should be noted in pharmacodynamic investigation of tetrandrine and fangchinoline: extensive binding with plasma proteins, extensive binding with erythrocytes, and trapping by lysosomes of tissue cells substantially reduce the levels of unbound tetrandrine and fangchinoline in the systemic circulation.

17.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 31-35, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932893

ABSTRACT

Objective:To automatically synthesize Al 18F-1, 4, 7-triazacyclononane-1, 4, 7-triacetic acid (NOTA)-fibroblast activation protein inhibitor (FAPI)-04, perform PET/CT imaging in vivo, and evaluate its diagnostic efficacy on tumors. Methods:Al 18F-NOTA-FAPI-04 was produced in All-in-one automatic synthesis module and its quality control was conducted by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) equipped with a radioactive detector. Al 18F-NOTA-FAPI-04 PET/CT imaging was performed in normal BALB/c mice ( n=3) and 4T1 breast cancer models ( n=3) to determine its biodistribution. Then Al 18F-NOTA-FAPI-04 and 18F-FDG PET/CT imaging were performed in a hepatocellular carcinoma patient (male, 51 years old). Results:The synthesis time of Al 18F-NOTA-FAPI-04 was about 35 min, and the radiochemical yield was (25.2±1.9)% (attenuation correction, n=3). The product was colorless transparent solution with pH value of 7.0-7.5, and the specific activity was (46.11±3.07) GBq/μmol (attenuation correction, n=3). The radiochemical purity was above 99.0% and was still above 98.0% at room temperature after 6 h. PET/CT imaging in mice showed that physiological uptake of Al 18F-NOTA-FAPI-04 was mainly in biliary system and bladder, and Al 18F-NOTA-FAPI-04 highly concentrated in tumor xenografts. PET/CT imaging in the patient showed that Al 18F-NOTA-FAPI-04 obtained high tumor background ratio (TBR) values of 4.1, 8.9, 5.4, 4.8, 2.2 in parasternal lymph nodes, anterior diaphragmatic lymph nodes, hilar lymph nodes, pancreaticoduodenal ligament lymph nodes, abdominal aortic lymph nodes, respectively, while TBR values were 1.0, 2.8, 5.0, 2.1, 1.1 by 18F-FDG. Conclusions:Al 18F-NOTA-FAPI-04 can be synthesized with short time, high radiochemical yield and good stability using All-in-one module. Al 18F-NOTA-FAPI-04 PET/CT imaging has high contrast and excellent diagnostic efficacy on tumors.

18.
Chinese Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation ; (12): 623-627, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912016

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of combining aerobic exercise with hyperbaric oxygen therapy on the cognition and oxidative stress of patients with post-stroke cognitive impairment (PSCI).Methods:Forty-five PSCI patients were divided randomly into a hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBO) group (of 21) and a combination group (of 24). Both groups received HBO therapy, but the combination group also performed 30min of aerobic exercise using a cycle ergometer 5 times a week for 8 weeks. The HBO therapy involved 20min for pressurization, 20min of decompression, 60min of pressurized oxygen inhalation and 10min of air inhalation. The treatment pressure was 0.2MPa (2.0ATA). Before and after the intervention, cognitive functioning was measured using the mini-mental state examination (MMSE) and the Montreal cognitive assement (MoCA). The Barthel index quantified ability in the activities of daily living. Serum glutathione (GSH) and malondialdehyde (MDA) were measured spectrophotometrically.Results:The average MMSE scores of both groups had improved significantly after the treatment, with significantly better improvement in the combination group. After the treatment, the average MoCA score of the combination group had improved significantly while that of the HBO group had not. The average Barthel index scores of both groups improved significantly and there was no significant difference between them after the treatment. The average serum GSH increased after the treatment in the combination group, and the increase was weakly positively correlated with the increase in MMSE scores. The average MDA content of the HBO group decreased after the treatment, and the decrease was positively correlated to the increase in the MMSE scores, but again weakly.Conclusions:Aerobic exercise combined with hyperbaric oxygen therapy can effectively improve cognition among PSCI patients. Increases in serum GSH and decreases in serum MDA are weakly positively correlated with cognitive functioning.

19.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 814-820, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888487

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the survival rate and the incidence of complications of very preterm infants and the factors influencing the survival rate and the incidence of complications.@*METHODS@#The medical data of the very preterm infants with a gestational age of <32 weeks and who were admitted to the Department of Neonatology in 11 hospitals of Jiangsu Province in China from January 2018 to December 2019 were retrospectively reviewed. Their survival rate and the incidence of serious complications were analyzed. A multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the risk factors for death and serious complications in very preterm infants.@*RESULTS@#A total of 2 339 very preterm infants were enrolled, among whom 2 010 (85.93%) survived and 1 507 (64.43%) survived without serious complications. The groups with a gestational age of 22-25@*CONCLUSIONS@#The survival rate is closely associated with gestational age in very preterm infants. A low 1-minute Apgar score (≤3) may increase the risk of death in very preterm infants, while high gestational age, high birth weight, and prenatal use of glucocorticoids are associated with the reduced risk of death. A low 5-minute Apgar score (≤3) and maternal chorioamnionitis may increase the risk of serious complications in these infants, while high gestational age and high birth weight may reduce the risk of serious complications.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy , Gestational Age , Infant, Premature , Infant, Premature, Diseases , Infant, Very Low Birth Weight , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate
20.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4244-4251, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888087

ABSTRACT

Coumarins are the main active components in Psoraleae Fructus. To study the multi-component pharmacokinetics of Psoraleae Fructus, this study established a sensitive and rapid ultra-pressure liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry(UPLC-MS/MS) method for simultaneous determination of psoralen, isopsoralen, psoralenoside, and isopsoralenoside in rat plasma. After validation, the method was applied to the investigation of pharmacokinetics of psoralen, isopsoralen, psoralenoside, and isopso-ralenoside in rats after single and multiple administration of Psoraleae Fructus extract. The results revealed that the exposure of psoralen and isopsoralen in rat plasma was high after a single intragastric administration of Psoraleae Fructus extract, with an AUC_(0-∞) of 443 619-582 680 and 167 314-276 903 ng·mL~(-1)·h~(-1), respectively. Compared with these two compounds, the exposure of psoralenoside and isopsoralenoside was lower with marked gender difference. After 7-day administration of Psoraleae Fructus extract to rats, the AUC_(0-∞) of psoralen and isopsoralen was 29 701-81 783 and 39 234-89 914 ng·mL~(-1)·h~(-1), respectively, which was significantly lower than that at the first day(P<0.05), and that of psoralenoside and isopsoralenoside was 7 360-19 342 and 8 823-45 501 ng·mL~(-1)·h~(-1), respectively. There was no significant gender difference in exposure of psoralenoside and isopsoralenoside in male and female rats. However, the exposure of psoralenoside and isopsoralenoside in male rats was reduced(P<0.05), and the t_(1/2) and mean residence time(MRT) were shortened, suggesting that the removal of these two compounds from the body was accelerated.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Administration, Oral , Benzofurans , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Chromatography, Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Ficusin , Furocoumarins/analysis , Glycosides , Psoralea , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
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