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Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 359-362, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923105


Objective@#To understand levels of various foods and nutrients in school lunch based on digital platform and to provide reference for food preparation and serving.@*Methods@#A total of 13 018 school lunch recipes in Binhai New Area of 96 schools in Tianjin from November 2020 to April 2021 were collected by using digital management platform for food safety and nutritional health.Food types including cereals and tubers, vegetables, fruits, livestock and poultry meat, fish and shrimp, eggs, milk and dairy products, legumes and their products/nuts and others energy, and nutrients including protein, fat, carbohydrate, calcium, iron, zinc, selenium, vitamin A, vitamin B 1, vitamin B 2, vitamin C and dietary fiber were evaluated.@*Results@#The qualified rate of all kinds of food for students lunch from high to low were 96.8% (116.4 g) of livestock and poultry meat, 92.3% (179.5 g) of cereal and potato, 65.0% (170.6 g) of vegetables, 47.7% (21.4 g) of soybeans and their products/nuts, 33.4% (18.0 g) of eggs, 14.4% (8.5 g) of fish and shrimp, 14.1% (19.6 g) of fruits, 0.3% (35.4 g) of milk and dairy products. There were significant differences in the qualified rate of various food intake among different grades( P <0.05). The qualified rate of students lunch energy was 76.9%(932.6 kcal). The qualified rates of various nutrients from high to low were iron 96.9%(9.7 mg), zinc 96.8%(5.9 mg), protein 96.4%(43.8 g), carbohydrate 87.6%(130.8 g) and selenium 82.9%(23.5 μg), vitamin C 78.5%(48.8 mg), vitamin B 1 75.9%(0.5 mg), fat 74.3%(28.5 g), vitamin A 74.1%(327.1 μ g) vitamin B 2 49.9%(0.5 mg), dietary fiber 19.5%(5.9 g) and calcium 13.4%(246.1 mg). There were significant differences in the qualified rates of energy and nutrients among different grades( P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#The digital platform basically meets school lunch requirments on food types and nutrients, but still with problems regarding insufficient fish and shrimp, fruits, milk and dairy products, vitamin B 2, dietary fiber and calcium. It is suggested to optimize school lunch recipes or increase corresponding nutrients content in other meals.

Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 699-703, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752419


Objective TostudythevalueofquantitativeparametersofDCE-MRIandthreedimensionalarterialspinlabeling(3D-ASL) inpreoperativegliomagrading.Methods 70patientsdiagnosedpathologicallywithinitialgliomawereassessedretrospectively,including 32caseswithlow-gradeglioma(LGG)and38caseswithhigh-gradeglioma(HGG).Allpatientsunderwentconventional,enhanced, DCEand3D-ASL MRIat3.0Tbeforesurgery.TheparametricvaluesofDCEsuchasvolumetransferconstant(Ktrans),extravascular extracellularspacevolumefraction(Ve),therateconstant(Kep),fractionalplasmavolume(Vp),cerebralbloodflow (CBF)andcerebral bloodvolume(CBV)wereobtainedbycorrespondingpost-processingsoftware.ThecerebralbloodflowofASL (ASL-CBF)wasalso obtained.Ttestoftwoindependentsampleswasusedtoanalyzewhetherthemaximumandaveragevaluesofeachparameterwere statisticallydifferentbetweenLGGand HGG.Thediagnosticaccuracyofdifferenttechniqueforgliomagradingwasdeterminedby ROCcurveanalysis.Results ThemaximumvaluesofDCE-Ktrans,Ve,rCBVandmaximumvalueofASL-rCBFwerestatisticallydifferent betweentheHGGandLGG (P<0.05).AlltheparametricaveragevalueswerestatisticallydifferentbetweentheHGGandLGG (P<0.05).ThemaximumandaveragevaluesofKtranshadarelativelyhighestdiagnosticefficiencyinallparameters,withtheAUCwere0.986 and0.971,theoptimumthresholdwere0.264and0.068,thesensitivitywere93.3%and94.1%,andthespecificitywere100%and 100%,respectively.ThemaximumvaluesofVe,rCBV,ASL-rCBFandtheaveragevaluesofallparametershadarelativelyhigher diagnosticefficiency.Conclusion ThemaximumvaluesofKtrans,VeandrCBFofDCE,themaximumvalueofASL-rCBFandtheaverage valueofeachparameterwereusefultodistinguishbetweenLGGand HGG.ThemaximumandaveragevaluesofKtransarethebest parametersforidentifyingHGGandLGG.

Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 1744-1746, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-696728


Objective To explore the correlation between serum uric acid level and coronary artery SYNTAX score of coronary heart disease.Methods A total of 69 patients of coronary heart disease were enrolled according to SYNTAX score.The patients were divided into the low risk group (27 cases),medium risk group (23 cases) and high risk group (19 cases).The differences of serum uric acid concentrations among the three groups were compared by ANOVA.Spearman rank correlation analysis was used to analyze the correlation between serum uric acid concentrations and coronary artery SYNTAX scores.Results ANOVA analysis showed that the differences of serum uric acid concentrations among the groups were statistical significant (F=4.74,P<0.05).The Spearman correlation analysis showed that serum uric acid concentrations were positively correlated with coronary SYNTAX score (r =0.58,P <0.05).Conclusion Serum uric acid level and severity of coronary artery disease are positively correlative.

Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 578-580,592, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-606694


Objective To analyze the correlation between coronary artery lesion complexity and left ventricular funotion index of patients.Methods A total of 69 patients with coronary heart disease were selected in the study and were divided into low- risk(27 cases),medium-risk(23 cases) and high-risk (19 cases) groups according to the SYNTAX score.The difference in left ventricular function among the three groups were compared by ANOVA, and the correlation between coronary artery SYNTAX score and left ventricular function index was evaluated by Spearman rank correlation analysis.Results The differences in left ventricular end-diastolic volume(EDV),end-systolic volume(ESV),stroke volume(SV),ejection fraction(EF) and muscle mass(MM) among the groups were statistically signifcant (F=7.254,9.181, 13.004, 7.544 and 5.276,P<0.05).The coronary SYNTAX score was negatively corelated with the EF (r=-0.702,P<0.05),but positively correlated with the MM (r=0.638, P<0.05).Conclusion Coronary SYNTAX score is negatively correlated with left ventricular EF, but positively correlated with MM.

Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 1701-1703,1711, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-602412


Objective To study clinical application value of 128-slice spiral CT imaging post-processing technique in knee joint trauma.Methods 75 cases of knee traumatic patients were examined by ordinary X-ray and 128-slice spiral CT imaging post-process-ing technique,and retrospectively analysed.Results For 75 cases of knee trauma patients,on X-ray examination 64 cases of fracture patients(78 fractures),6 patients of possible fractures,5 cases of missed diagnosis and misdiagnosis in were found,the detection rate was 88.6%;all patients underwent 128-slice spiral CT imaging post-processing technique-MPR/VR,and definite diagnosis of knee joint bone fracture was found in 75 cases (88 fractures),the detection rate was 100.0%,which was significantly higher than that on the X-ray examination (χ2 =6.1 1 7 2,P <0.05).The MPR reconstruction of knee joint fracture is of the highest detection rate.Con-clusion MSCT imaging post-processing technique can directly,clearly and comprehensive display knee joint trauma cases,and help doctors understand the relationship between fractures,soft tissue and joint space,in order to develop accurate and reasonable clinical treatment plan.

Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 1322-1325, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-477081


Objective To investigate the early diagnosis value of MR by detecting spinal inflammatory lesions in ankylosing spon-dylitis (AS).Methods Forty patients were involved in this study,including 20 cases with short inflammatory back pain (IBP)histo-ry (duration ≤18 months)and 20 cases with long IBP history (duration ≥24 months).MR images were analyzed retrospectively. Results Patients with a short history of IBP had 7 lesions in vertebral bodies (anterior/posterior spondylitis and spondylodiscitis) and 33 lesions in posterior spinal structures (arthritis of costovertebral joints,costotransversal joints,zygapophyseal joints and en-thesitis of spinal ligaments).Patients with a long history of IBP had 27 lesions in vertebral bodies and 24 lesions in posterior spinal structures.Patients with a short history of IBP had significantly more lesions in posterior spinal structures than in vertebral bodies with 82.5% (33/40)vs 1 7.5% (7/40),respectively (P <0.01).In contrast,patients with a long history of IBP had significantly more inflammation in vertebral bodies with 79.4% (27/34)vs 20.6% (7/34),respectively (P <0.01).Conclusion Inflammatory spinal lesions in patients with a short history of IBP are seen more often in the posterior structures.Early detection of inflammatory spinal lesions by MRI is useful for early diagnosis of AS.