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1.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 32-36, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991974

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the epidemic characteristics and clinical key indicators of the patients infected with SARS-CoV-2 of the local Omicron variant epidemic, to understand the clinical characteristics of mild and severe patients, and to provide a scientific basis for the effective treatment and prevention of severe disease.Methods:From January 2020 to March 2022, the clinical and laboratory data of COVID-19 patients admitted to the Fifth People's Hospital of Wuxi were retrospective analyzed, including virus gene subtypes, demographic information, clinical classification, main clinical symptoms, and key indicators of clinical testing, and the changes of clinical characteristics of the patients infected with SARS-CoV-2.Results:A total of 150 patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection were admitted, 78, 52 and 20 in 2020, 2021 and 2022, including 10, 1 and 1 severe patient, and the main infected virus strains were L, Delta, and Omicron variants. The relapse rate of patients infected with the Omicron variant was as high as 15.0% (3/20), the incidence of diarrhea decreased to 10.0% (2/20), the incidence of severe disease decreased to 5.0% (1/20), and the number of hospitalization days of mild patients increased compared with 2020 (days: 20.43±1.78 vs. 15.84±1.12); respiratory symptoms were reduced, and the proportion of pulmonary lesions decreased to 10.5%; the virus titer of severely ill patients with SARS-CoV-2 Omicron variant infection (day 3) was higher than that of L-type strain (Ct value: 23.92±1.16 vs. 28.19±1.54). The acute plasma cytokines interleukin (IL-6, IL-10) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) were significantly lower in patients with severe Omicron variant new coronavirus infection than those with mild disease [IL-6 (ng/L): 3.92±0.24 vs. 6.02±0.41, IL-10 (ng/L): 0.58±0.01 vs. 4.43±0.32, TNF-α (ng/L): 1.73±0.02 vs. 6.91±1.25, all P < 0.05], while γ-interferon (IFN-γ) and IL-17A were significantly higher than patients with mild disease [IFN-γ (ng/L): 23.07±0.17 vs. 13.52±2.34, IL-17A (ng/L): 35.58±0.08 vs. 26.39±1.37, both P < 0.05]. Compared with previous epidemics (2020 and 2021), the proportion of CD4/CD8 ratio, lymphocyte count, eosinophil and serum creatinine decreased in patients with mild Omicron infection in 2022 (36.8% vs. 22.1%, 9.8%; 36.8% vs. 23.5%, 7.8%; 42.1% vs. 41.2%, 15.7%; 42.1% vs. 19.1%, 9.8%), the proportion of patients with elevated monocyte count and procalcitonin was large (42.1% vs. 50.0%, 23.5%; 21.1% vs. 5.9%, 0). Conclusion:The incidences of severe disease in patients with SARS-CoV-2 Omicron variant infection was significantly lower than that of previous epidemics, and the occurrence of severe diseases was still related to the underlying diseases.

2.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 1173-1177, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991936

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the characteristics of etiology and clinical indicators of hepatitis B virus (HBV) and non-HBV liver failure, and to evaluate their potential roles in reflecting disease outcomes.Methods:The clinical data of 369 patients with liver failure admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) of the Fifth People's Hospital of Wuxi which was the designated hospital for treatment of liver failure from January 2018 to December 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. The classification and comparison of etiology of non-HBV and HBV liver failure patients were performed according to the Guidelines on the Diagnosis and Treatment of Liver Failure (2018 edition). The indicators of liver failure related etiologies, including gender, age, anticoagulant enzyme Ⅲ (ATⅢ), total bilirubin (TBil), length of ICU stay, hepatic encephalopathy, underlying disease (liver cirrhosis and liver cancer, etc.) and usage of artificial liver were analyzed. According to the 6-month follow-up results after discharge, the differences in the etiological indicators of died and survival patients and the outcome of patients with different types of liver failure were analyzed. Results:A total of 369 patients were enrolled, including 134 (36.3%) with liver failure not caused by HBV and 235 (63.7%) with liver failure caused by HBV. The male with HBV-related liver failure was 4.34 times higher than female (cases: 191 vs. 44), which was higher than non-HBV-related liver failure (1.03 times, cases: 68 vs. 66). The 6-month follow-up showed that the proportion of male with HBV-related liver failure who died and survived was significantly higher than that of female (78.76% vs. 21.24% in died patients, 92.86% vs. 7.14% in survival patients, both P < 0.01). The age of died patients in the non-HBV-related liver failure group was significantly higher than that of the survival patients (years: 58.53±0.15 vs. 54.38±3.01, P < 0.05), and the ATⅢ level was significantly lower than that of the survival patients [(32.20±6.43)% vs. (38.63±2.74)%, P < 0.05]. The length of ICU stay of the died HBV-related liver failure group was significantly shorter than that of the survival patients (days: 23.77±11.74 vs. 35.51±2.85, P < 0.01). The 6-month mortality after discharge of HBV-related liver failure combined with liver cancer was significantly higher than that of non-HBV-related liver failure (12.34% vs. 2.24%, P < 0.01), but there was no significant difference in 6-month mortality after discharge of patients receiving artificial liver and those with hepatic encephalopathy and cirrhosis between different types of liver failure groups. Conclusions:HBV is the main cause of liver failure. Patients with HBV-related liver failure were younger and had a longer hospitalization period, which was conducive to the recovery of the disease. HBV-related liver failure accompanied with liver cancer is the main factors of death. The ATⅢ has the potential value to reflect the disease outcome.

3.
Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 691-698, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958244

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy and safety of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) vaccines in patients with HIV-1 or chronic HBV infection through observing the dynamic changes in antibody responses to two-dose inactivated SARS-CoV-2 vaccines.Methods:This cohort study recruited 169 people (including 39 with HIV-1 infection, 36 with chronic HBV infection and 94 individuals without chronic diseases) who completed two doses (prime and boost) of inactivated SARS-CoV-2 vaccination from January to December 2021. The levels of SARS-CoV-2 IgM and IgG antibodies at 14 d, one month and two months after boosting and neutralizing antibodies at one month were detected by chemiluminescence immunoassay and competitive ELISA method.Results:The positive rates of antibodies against SARS-CoV-2 in the HIV-1 and HBV groups were higher at one month after booster immunization, but significantly decreases at two months. The double-negative rate of SARS-CoV-2 IgM and IgG antibodies was higher in the HIV-1 and HBV groups than in the control group. The single positive rate of IgG antibody at one month in the control group was 2.01-fold higher than that of the HIV-1 group and 3.17-fold higher than that of the HBV group. The single positive rate of IgG antibody in people aged 18-39 years in each group was higher than that in the 40-59 age group. The antibody persistence was better in the HBV group than in the HIV-1 group, and the levels of IgG antibody in the HBV group was higher than that in the HIV-1 group. The neutralizing capacity of serum antibodies was significantly lower in the HIV-1 group than in the other groups ( P<0.000 1). The inhibition rate of serum neutralizing antibodies in the HBV group was lower than that in the control group among people aged 18-39 years [(34.050±6.031)% vs (64.220±3.845)%, t=4.43, P<0.000 1]. SARS-CoV-2-specific antibody responses were induced in 73.08% (19/26) of the patients aged 18-39 years in the HIV-1 group and 80.00% (4/5) in the HBV group. Conclusions:There were differences in the antibody responses to inactivated SARS-CoV-2 vaccines between different age groups, and infectious diseases affected the positive rates of antibodies and the neutralizing capability against SARS-CoV-2.

4.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 909-914, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956075

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application rules and effects of "Four Elements, One Peptide, and Two Transplantations" in the bundle treatment of the patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), so as to provide a scientific evidence for effective treatment and prevention of severe type.Methods:A retrospective comparative study method was used to analyze the clinical data of COVID-19 patients admitted to Wuxi Fifth People's Hospital from January 2020 to March 2022, including demographic information, underlying diseases, clinical classification, length of hospital stay, treatment cost, clinical symptoms, laboratory tests and other key indicators, and evaluate the application rules and effect of "Four Elements, One Peptide, and Two Transplantations" in the bundle treatment of the patients with COVID-19.Results:The L-type new coronavirus strain was predominant in 2020, the Delta variant in 2021, and the Omicron variant in 2022. The proportion of mild cases was highest in 2022, with the highest proportion of > 65 years old patients developing severe and critical. Among the 150 patients, the proportion of interferon use (100.0%) was the highest in the bundle treatment regimen of "Four Elements, One Peptide, and Two Transplantation". The combined use of vitamin C, interferon and thymopeptide was highest in 2022. More than 75.0% of the age > 65 years old group had underlying diseases, which was also the age group with the highest proportion of "Four Elements, One Peptide, and Two transplantations". Compared with mild cases, the age, length of hospital stay, and hospitalization cost of patients with COVID-19 increased significantly with severity. Mild, ordinary, severe, and critically ill patients all had low lymphocyte counts, with 40.0% of severe patients having the lowest lymphocyte counts within 3 days of admission. The lymphocyte count of critically ill patients was reduced or continuously reduced after admission, and the use of the "Four Elements, One Peptide, and Two transplantations" method to regulate immunity can effectively save the lives of critically ill patients. Of all cases of COVID-19 infection, 51.3% were asymptomatic, followed by respiratory symptoms (48.7%) and lung lesions (38.0%). Patients with renal dysfunction received this bundle therapy was highest, followed abnormal coagulation and abnormal liver function. This bundle therapy promoted a significant increase in CD4 + T lymphocytes and B lymphocytes in various cases. After treatment, as the virus turns negative, the proportion of M1 type macrophages increased, and the proportion of regulatory T cell (Treg cells) that suppress immunity and the infection related C-C chemokine receptor type (CCR10 +) Treg cells decreased. Mild adult cases showed a great change and declined rapidly. Conclusions:Advanced age with underlying diseases is a risk factor for severe disease of COVID-19, the "Four Elements, One Peptide, and Two transplantations" bundle fine treatment of COVID-19 can improve the proportion of lymphocyte composition and organ function, which can control the occurrence and development of severe diseases. In addition to the proportion of CD4 + T cells, the changes of the M1 macrophage, total Treg cell, and CCR10 + Treg cell proportions can be used to determine disease changes of adult patients.

5.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 172-177, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931844

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess the predictors of outcomes for different subtypes of liver failure, and the effectiveness of artificial liver support systems in the treatment of liver failure.Methods:The clinical data of 112 patients with hepatitis B virus (HBV)- and non-HBV-related liver failure admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) of the Fifth People's Hospital of Wuxi were collected from January to December 2020. The relevant etiologies of acute, subacute, acute-on-chronic, subacute-on-chronic, chronic subtype liver failure were analyzed. The efficacies of artificial liver support systems in the treatment of various subtypes of liver failure were also compared. The correlation of various indicators was analyzed by Spearman correlation analysis, the risk factors affecting the prognosis of patients with liver failure were analyzed by multivariate Logistic regression equation, and receiver operator characteristic curve (ROC curve) of subjects was plotted to evaluate the predictive value of each risk factor for the prognosis of patients with liver failure.Results:Among the 112 liver failure patients, 63 were caused by hepatitis B and 49 were caused by non-hepatitis B. The liver failure caused by hepatitis B was 6 times higher than for men than for women, which was higher than that of non-HBV liver failure group (1.33 times). Antithrombin Ⅲ (AT Ⅲ) and total bilirubin (TBil) levels of subacute liver failure were higher than those of pre-liver failure in the HBV liver failure group [AT Ⅲ: (59.33±14.57)% vs. (35.66±20.72)%, TBil (μmol/L): 399.21±112.94 vs. 206.08±126.96, both P < 0.05]. The levels of AT Ⅲ in patients with pre-liver failure and chronic liver failure in the non-HBV liver failure group were significantly higher than those with acute liver failure [(58.33±15.28%), (44.00±19.10)% vs. (31.33±7.57)%, both P < 0.05], patients with acute liver failure had significantly lower level of TBil than pre-liver failure (μmol/L: 107.83±49.73 vs. 286.20±128.92, P < 0.05), the TBil levels in patients with subacute and acute-on-chronic liver failure were also significantly higher than that in pre-liver failure group (μmol/L: 417.27±118.60, 373.00±187.00 vs. 286.20±128.92, both P < 0.05). Patients with subacute liver failure, subacute-on-chronic liver failure and chronic liver failure in the non-HBV failure group were significantly longer than those in acute liver failure (days: 36.00±8.31, 27.52±11.71, 27.72±22.71 vs. 11.00±1.41, all P < 0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in the case fatality rate of using the artificial liver support system between the HBV failure group and the non-HBV failure group (55.6% vs. 50.0%, P < 0.05), the levels of AT Ⅲ in the two groups of surviving patients were significantly higher than that of the dead [HBV liver failure group: (36.20±6.26)% vs. (27.33±8.87)%, non-HBV liver failure group: (41.06±4.16)% vs. (28.71±12.35)%, both P < 0.01]. Correlation analysis showed that there was a clear positive correlation between AT Ⅲ and TBil in the dead patients of HBV liver failure group and the survival and death patients of non-HBV liver failure group ( r values were 0.069, 0.341, 0.064, and P values were 0.723, 1.196 and 0.761, respectively); there was a significant inverse correlation between AT Ⅲ and TBil in the HBV liver failure group ( r = -0.105, P = 0.745). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that AT Ⅲ was an independent risk factor affecting the prognosis of patients with non-HBV liver failure [odd ratio ( OR) = 1.023, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) was -0.001 to 0.001, P = 0.007]. TBil was an independent risk factor affecting prognosis of patients with HBV liver failure ( OR = 1.005, 95% CI was -0.002 to -7.543, P = 0.033). The analysis of ROC curve showed that AT Ⅲ had a predictive value for the prognosis of patients with non-HBV liver failure, the area under the ROC curve (AUC) = 0.747, the 95% CI was 0.592-0.902, P = 0.009. When the optimal truncation value was 39.5%, its sensitivity and specificity were 83.33% and 56.25%, respectively. Conclusions:Artificial liver support system treatment of liver failure was difficult to effectively reduce the mortality of patients with end-stage liver failure. In addition to AT Ⅲ, TBil also could be used as an indicator to assess liver compensatency and predict prognosis in liver failure patients.

6.
Journal of International Oncology ; (12): 692-696, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-459879

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the dosage characteristics between three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3DCRT)plan and simplified inverse dynamic intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT)in patients with early-stage breast cancer after breast-conserving surgery.Methods 3DCRT and IMRT treament plans were designed for 14 female patients with early-stage breast cancer after breast-conserving surgery,4 of whom were left breast cancer cases.A dose of 50 Gy in 25 fractions to the whole ipsilateral breast was delivered using 6 MV photons for 3DCRT or IMRT.For 3DCRT plans,tangential field irradiation was adopted.While for IMRT,reverse dynamic intensity modulated technology was done through two pairs of tangential-likely fields, and 10 Gy was boosted to the tumor bed concomitantly in 25 fractions.The conformity index (CI),heterogenei-ty index (HI),dose and volume of organs at risk were evaluated by dose volume histograms (DVH).Results Compared with 3DCRT plans for ipsilateral lung,the high dose volumes were reduced and the low dose volumes were increased in IMRT plans.The same phenomenon was also observed for the heart of the patient with left breast cancer.The crosspoint doses of 3DCRT DVH and IMRT DVH for lung or heart were (25.16 ±9.11) Gy,(28.63 ±10.41 )Gy respectively.There was no difference between the two plans in the V10 of contra-lateral breast [IMRT(4.13 ±5.17)%∶3DCRT(1.99 ±2.43)%,t=2.11,P>0.05],but the D30 and mean of IMRT plan were higher than that of 3DCRT [(2.23 ±1.77)Gy ∶(1.20 ±0.46)Gy,t=2.58,P0.05].While the CI of IMRT plans were improved compared with 3DCRT [(0.75 ±0.07)∶(0.62 ±0.09),t =5.68,P<0.000 1]. Conclusion Compared with 3DCRT plan in patients with early-stage breast cancer after breast-conserving surgery,the main advantages of four fields simplified inverse dynamic IMRT are concomitant tumor boosting, decreasing the high dose volumes of ipsilateral lung,and improving the CI of planning target volume at the same time,but the HI is not improved.The IMRT plan is a simple,rational and feasible design scheme.

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