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1.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 463-467, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994491

ABSTRACT

Clinical and histological features of Spitz nevi, atypical Spitz tumors and spitzoid melanoma overlap each other, making their identification challenging. Combined with clinical and histological features of spitzoid melanocytic tumors, this review summarizes research progress in their immunohistochemical features and application of fluorescence in situ hybridization in their identification.

2.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 335-338, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873707

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To evaluate the changes of the flow parameters before and after the anastomotic port exploration and dredging during coronary artery bypass grafting by using the transit time flow measurement (TTFM). Methods    A total of 167 patients who underwent continuous coronary artery bypass grafting and anastomotic port exploration and dredging surgery in Beijing Anzhen Hospital from 2018 to 2019 were enrolled in this study. There were 136 male and 31 female patients aged 41-82 (58.35±17.26) years. If the probe entered and exited the anastomotic port smoothly, it was recorded as a non-resistance group; if the resistance existed but the probe could pass and exit, it was recorded as a resistance group; if the probe could not pass the anastomotic port for obvious resistance, it was recorded as the stenosis group. In the stenosis group, the grafts were re-anastomosed and the flow parameters were re-measured by TTFM. Results    A total of 202 anastomotic ports were carried out by exploration and dredging. Among them, 87 anastomosis (43.1%) were in the non-resistance group, and there was no significant change in the blood flow volume (BFV) and pulsatility index (PI) before and after exploration and dredging (6.16±3.41 mL/min vs. 6.18±3.44 mL/min,  P=0.90; 7.06±2.84 vs. 6.96±2.49, P=0.50). Sixty-four anastomosis (31.7%) were in the resistance group, the BFV was higher after exploration and dredging than that before exploration and dredging (17.11±7.52 mL/min vs. 4.96±3.32 mL/min, P<0.01), while the PI was significantly smaller (3.78±2.20 vs. 8.58±2.97, P<0.01). Fifty-one anastomosis (25.2%) were in the stenosis group, and there was no significant change in the BFV and PI before and after exploration and dredging (3.44± 1.95 mL/min vs. 3.48±2.11 mL/min, P=0.84; 10.74±4.12 vs. 10.54±4.11, P=0.36). After re-anastomosis, the BFV was higher (16.48±7.67 mL/min, P<0.01) and the PI deceased (3.43±1.39, P<0.01) than that before exploration and dredging. Conclusion    The application of anastomotic exploration and dredging can reduce the occurrence of re-anastomosis, and promptly find and solve the stenosis of the distal coronary artery, improve the poor perfusion of distal coronary, and thus improves the prognosis of patients.

3.
International Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 83-87, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882425

ABSTRACT

Knee osteoarthritis (KOA) is a kind of degenerative osteoarthrosis, which usually involves articular cartilage, subchondral bone, meniscus and quadriceps femoris, which is equivalent to the change of "tendon" in traditional Chinese medicine. The occurrence and development of the change of "tendon" can be explained by the theory of "bone-restoration and tendon-softening" in traditional Chinese medicine. If the force line of the lower limb of the knee joint is normal, it can be indicated by "bone-restoration" in traditional Chinese medicine, that is, the blood around the knee joint runs smoothly, and the "tenons" such as meniscus, ligaments, cartilage, etc. are softened by the blood. This condition of the knee joint can be manifested by the balance of the surrounding soft tissue state. If the force line of the lower limb of the knee joint changes, showing a medial offset and misalignment of the knee joint, it can be indicated by "bone is out of alignment" in traditional Chinese medicine, that is, the structure of the soft tissue around the knee joint and its mechanical characteristics have changed. This condition of the knee joint can be manifested by "the tendons lose their flexibility". In this paper, the theories of modern biomechanics and "bone-restoration and tendon-softening" in traditional Chinese medicine were comprehensively analyzed, the characteristics of the "tenons" when knee osteoarthritis occurs were analyzed, and the characteristics of the occurrence and development of knee osteoarthritis from the perspective of Chinese and Western medicine were discussed.

4.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences ; (6): 260-266, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775225

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the time delay between in-hospital stroke and out-of-hospital stroke patients, and to explore the influence factors for the prognosis of in-hospital stroke patients treated by intravenous thrombolysis.@*METHODS@#Clinical data of 3050 patients with ischemic stroke who received intravenous thrombolysis in 71 hospitals in Zhejiang province from June 2017 to September 2018 were analyzed. Differences of time delay including door to imaging time (DIT), imaging to needle time (INT) and door to needle time (DNT) between in-hospital stroke (=101) and out-of-hospital stroke (=2949) were observed. The influencing factors for the outcome at 3 month after intravenous thrombolysis in patients with in-hospital stroke were analyzed using binary logistic regression analysis.@*RESULTS@#Patients with in-hospital stroke had longer DIT[53.5 (32.0-79.8) min vs. 20.0 (14.0-28.0) min, <0.01], longer IDT[47.5(27.3-64.0)min vs. 36.0(24.0-53.0)min, <0.01], and longer DNT[99.0 (70.5-140.5) min vs. 55.0 (41.0-74.0) min, <0.01], compared with patients with out-of-hospital stroke; patients in comprehensive stroke center had longer DIT[59.5(44.5-83.3) min vs. 37.5(16.5-63.5) min, <0.01], longer DNT[110.0(77.0-145.0) min vs. 88.0 (53.8-124.3) min, <0.05], but shorter INT[36.5(23.8-60.3)min vs. 53.5 (34.3-64.8) min, <0.05], compared with patients in primary stroke center. Age (=0.934, 95% 0.882-0.989, <0.05) and baseline National Institute of Health Stroke Scale score (=0.912, 95% 0.855-0.973, <0.01) were independent risk factors for prognosis of in-hospital stroke patients.@*CONCLUSIONS@#In-hospital stroke had longer DIT and DNT than out-of-hospital stroke, which suggests that a more smooth thrombolysis process of in-hospital stroke should be established.


Subject(s)
Humans , Administration, Intravenous , Brain Ischemia , Drug Therapy , Fibrinolytic Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Hospitals , Prognosis , Stroke , Drug Therapy , Thrombolytic Therapy , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome
5.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 997-1001, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-356028

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the protective effect of single prescription of traditional Chinese medicine Zige lyophilized powder on hypoxia/reoxygenation injury of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs).</p><p><b>METHOD</b>HUVECs were cultured in vitro and Krebs liquid was adopted to establish the hypoxia/reoxygenation injury model. After intervention of Zige lyophilized powder, MTT colorimetric method was used to determine cell activity, the xanthine oxidase method is adopted to detect the activity of superoxide dismutases (SOD) in cells, the thibabituric acid developing method was adopted to determine the content of malondialdehyde (MDA), the nitrate reductase method was used to detect the content of nitric oxide (NO), the 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine developing method was adopted to the content of extracellular lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) , and the Western blot method was used to analyze the expression of cell apoptosis-related proteins Bcl-2, Bax and Caspase-3.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Compared with the model group, 12.5 mg x L(-1) of Zige lyophilized powder can enhanced cell viability (P < 0.05). Besides, 49.0, 24.5, 12.5 mg x L(-1) of Zige lyophilized powder prevents the decline of SOD activity during H/R (P < 0.05). Furthermore, 24.5, 12.5 mg x L(-1) Zige lyophilized powder significantly inhibited the increase of MDA and NO content and improved the expression of Bcl-2 protein (P < 0.05, P < 0.01). And 49.0, 24.5, 12.5 mg x L(-1) of Zige lyophilized powder significantly decreased Bax level and up-regulated Bcl-2/Bax ratio. Caspase activation and apoptosis were monitored in the reoxygenated cells. 49.0, 24.5 mg x L(-1) Zige lyophilized powder can decreased Caspase-3 expression (P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Zige lyophilized powder can prevent H/R induced injury to HUVECs, which may be related to its effect in inhibiting cell peroxidation injury and enhancing cell antioxidant and antiapoptotic capacities</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis , Caspase 3 , Metabolism , Cell Hypoxia , Cells, Cultured , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells , Cell Biology , Metabolism , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase , Metabolism , Malondialdehyde , Metabolism , Nitric Oxide , Metabolism , Superoxide Dismutase , Metabolism , bcl-2-Associated X Protein , Metabolism
6.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 61-6, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-448936

ABSTRACT

To investigate the effects of cycloartocarpin A (ACR-2) and artocarpin (ACR-3), monomeric compounds isolated from Fructus Artocarpi Heterophylli, on apoptosis of SMMC-7721 and SGC-7901 cell lines.

7.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 517-20, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-449475

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of three compounds extracted from Tripterygium wilfordii Hook (TW) on angiogenesis in the chick chorioallantoic membrane (CAM). METHODS: Fifty fresh Hongkong Mahua chicken eggs were divided into five groups: PBS-treated group, TW1-, TW2- and TW3-treated groups and Rg3-treated group. After disinfection, the eggs were incubated for six days in a constant temperature box with the temperature being controlled within 37.8 degrees C, then exposed CAM, laid the filter papers with specimen on the CAM, and the eggs were incubated for another two days. CAM was fixed with the mixture of methyl alcohol and acetone at room temperature for about 15 min, and then cutting the CAM, taking photos and observing the angiogenesis in the CAM. RESULTS: There were many CAM vessels in the PBS-treated group and the blood vessel net could be seen clearly. The number of CAM vessels in the TW1-, TW2- and TW3-treated groups (10 microg/egg) was much less than that in the PBS-treated group. Furthermore, the frame of the vessels was not clear, and the color was obscure. Inhibition rates of angiogenesis in the TW1-, TW2- and TW3-treated groups were 80%, 60% and 100% respectively, while the inhibition rate of angiogenesis in the Rg3-treated group (10 microg/egg) was only 10%. CONCLUSION: TW1, TW2 and TW3 can obviously restrain the angiogenesis in CAM and still need further study.

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