Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 20
Filter
1.
Acta cir. bras ; 38: e387123, 2023. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1527594

ABSTRACT

Purpose: To investigate the effects of chronic stress in the prostate of prepubertal and adult rats. Methods: Thirty-two male rats were assigned into four groups depending on the type of treatment (control or stressed) and the age at which stress was initiated (prepubertal or adult). Restraint stress stimuli were applied for six weeks. Stressed prepubertal and adult rats evaluated immediately after the last stress stimuli were named SP and SA groups, respectively. Age-matched rats were used as control groups (CP and CA). At the end of the experiment, the rats were euthanized, and prostate morphological parameters were evaluated and statistically compared. Results: Application of stress stimuli to the SP group resulted in reduced body weight, but no prostate morphological modification was noted. The SA group showed reduced testosterone level and prostatic epithelium surface density, in comparison to CA group. Further, the prostatic lumen surface density was increased in adult stressed animals, in comparison to adult controls. Conclusions: The stress stimuli promoted changes in hormonal and morphological parameters in the prostate of adult stressed rats. Prepubertal stressed animals did not presented modifications of prostate morphology.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Prostate , Testosterone , Body Weight
2.
Acta cir. bras ; 36(11): e361103, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1349872

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To compare the penile histoarchitecture of rats euthanized with isoflurane or with ketamine and xylazine. Methods: Fourteen male rats were divided into two groups: ISO, with animals euthanized with isoflurane; and K+X, with animals euthanized with ketamine (150 mg/kg) associated with xylazine (15 mg/kg). Immediately after the death, the penises were dissected, fixed in a 4% buffered formalin solution, and processed for histomorphometric analysis. The surface densities (Sv) of the corpus cavernosum structures (connective tissue, smooth muscle, sinusoidal space, and elastic fibers) were evaluated using Image J software. The distribution of collagen types I and III was qualitatively assessed. Statistical analyses were performed using the Student's t test for data comparison, considering it statistically significant when p < 0.05. Results: Regarding the Sv of connective tissue, smooth muscle and sinusoidal space, there were no differences between animals in both groups. On the other hand, the animals euthanized with the association of ketamine and xylazine showed the Sv of elastic fibers 24.8% higher in relation to animals euthanized with isoflurane. Conclusions: The euthanasia method affected one of the morphological parameters of the rat penises. The choice of euthanasia method must be standardized to reduce bias and to obtain reliable and reproducible results.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Penis , Ketamine , Xylazine , Elastic Tissue , Isoflurane
3.
Acta cir. bras ; 34(10): e201901005, Oct. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1054671

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To quantify and compare the expression of stromal elements in prostate adenocarcinoma of different Gleason scores with non-tumor area (control). Methods: We obtained 132 specimens from samples of prostate peripheral and transition zone. We analyzed the following elements of the extracellular matrix: collagen fibers, elastic system, smooth muscle fibers and blood vessels. The tumor area and non-tumor area (control) of the TMA (tissue microarray) were photographed and analyzed using the ImageJ software. Results: The comparison between the tumor area and the non-tumor area showed significant differences between stromal prostate elements. There was an increase of collagen fibers in the tumor area, mainly in Gleason 7. Elastic system fibers showed similar result, also from the Gleason 7. Blood vessels showed a significant increase occurred in all analyzed groups. The muscle fibers exhibited a different behavior, with a decrease in relation to the tumor area. Conclusions: There is a significant difference between the extracellular matrix in prostate cancer compared to the non-tumor area (control) especially in Gleason 7. Important modifications of the prostatic stromal elements strongly correlate with different Gleason scores and can contribute to predict the pathological staging of prostate cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Prostatic Neoplasms/pathology , Adenocarcinoma/pathology , Stromal Cells/pathology , Reference Values , Blood Vessels/pathology , Retrospective Studies , Collagen/analysis , Tissue Array Analysis , Elastic Tissue/anatomy & histology , Neoplasm Grading , Muscle, Smooth/pathology
4.
Int. j. morphol ; 37(2): 477-480, June 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002246

ABSTRACT

The renal glomerulus is coated by fenestrated endothelial cells and externally covered by specialized epithelial cells, known as podocytes. Scanning electron microscopy becomes an important and effective tool for its studies. Normally, samples destined for scanning microscopy are covered with a thin metallic layer. However, this step can be dispensed for some analyzes. We aimed to compare coated and uncoated samples for evaluation of the glomerular morphology of the Wistar rat kidney. Cortical region of the kidney of the 5month-old male Wistar rats were used. The fragments followed the routine procedure for scanning electron microscopy processing. Half of 10 fragments were coated with palladium gold and the remaining were not coated. Auriga Compact FIB - SEM scanning electron microscope was used to observe the samples. Different increases and voltages was evaluated. For the uncoated samples, when using voltages of 2 KV (or higher) a great charging was observed, impairing the use of such voltage. Thus, these samples were always observed under voltage of 0.5 KV. On the other hand, in the coated samples, the use of 2 KV was adequate. Almost as a consequence, in the coated samples, the podocyte structures were better characterized, generating better images. Inversely, in the uncoated samples, it was possible to visualize the desired structures and to detect the morphological characteristics of these. The results showed that it is possible to use kidney samples without previous coating to evaluate the glomerular morphology at the ultrastructural level, serving as a tool in the study of pathologies.


El glomérulo renal está recubierto por células endoteliales fenestradas y cubierto externamente por células epiteliales especializadas, conocidas como podocitos. La microscopía electrónica de barrido se convierte en una herramienta importante y efectiva para sus estudios. Normalmente, las muestras destinadas a microscopía de barrido se cubren con una capa metálica delgada. Sin embargo, este paso se puede dispensar para algunos análisis. El objetivo fue comparar muestras recubiertas y no recubiertas para evaluar la morfología glomerular del riñón de rata Wistar. Se utilizó la región cortical del riñón de ratas Wistar macho de 5 meses de edad. Se realizó el procedimiento de rutina para el procesamiento de microscopía electrónica de barrido. La mitad de 10 fragmentos se recubrieron con oro paladio y los restantes no se recubrieron. Se utilizó un microscopio electrónico de barrido SEM Auriga Compact FIB para observar las muestras. Se evaluaron diferentes aumentos y voltajes. Para las muestras no recubiertas, al usar voltajes de 2 KV (o más) se observó una gran carga, impidiendo el uso de dicho voltaje. Por lo tanto, estas muestras siempre se observaron a bajo voltaje de 0,5 KV. Por otro lado, en las muestras recubiertas, el uso de 2 KV fue adecuado. Como consecuencia, en las muestras recubiertas, las estructuras de los podocitos se caracterizaron mejor, generando mejores imágenes. Inversamente, en las muestras no recubiertas, fue posible visualizar las estructuras deseadas y detectar las características morfológicas de éstas. Los resultados mostraron que es posible utilizar muestras de riñón sin recubrimiento previo para evaluar la morfología glomerular a nivel ultraestructural, que sirve como una herramienta en el estudio de patologías.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning/methods , Glomerular Filtration Barrier/ultrastructure , Rats, Wistar , Kidney Glomerulus/ultrastructure
5.
Acta cir. bras ; 32(5): 334-341, May 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-837710

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To investigate the glomerular number after different warm ischemia times. Methods: Thirty two pigs were assigned into four groups. Three groups (G10, G20, and G30) were treated with 10, 20, and 30 minutes of left renal warm ischemia. The sham group underwent the same surgery without renal ischemia. The animals were euthanized after 3 weeks, and the kidneys were collected. Right kidneys were used as controls. The kidney weight, volume, cortical-medullar ratio, glomerular volumetric density, volume-weighted mean glomerular volume, and the total number of glomeruli per kidney were obtained. Serum creatinine levels were assessed pre and postoperatively. Results: Serum creatinine levels did not differ among the groups. All parameters were similar for the sham, G10, and G20 groups upon comparison of the right and left organs. The G30 group pigs' left kidneys had lower weight, volume, and cortical-medullar ratio and 24.6% less glomeruli compared to the right kidney. A negative correlation was found between warm ischemia time and glomerular number. Conclusions: About one quarter of glomeruli was lost after 30 minutes of renal warm ischemia. No glomeruli loss was detected before 20 minutes of warm ischemia. However, progressive glomerular loss was associated with increasing warm ischemia time.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Warm Ischemia/adverse effects , Kidney/blood supply , Kidney Cortex/blood supply , Kidney Glomerulus/blood supply , Time Factors , Random Allocation , Creatinine/blood , Models, Animal , Sus scrofa , Kidney/surgery , Kidney/physiopathology , Kidney Cortex/physiopathology , Kidney Glomerulus/surgery , Kidney Glomerulus/physiopathology
6.
Acta cir. bras ; 31(11): 753-758, Nov. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-827658

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT PURPOSE: To evaluate the glomerular loss after arteriovenous or arterial warm ischemia in a swine model. METHODS: Twenty four pigs were divided into Group Sham (submitted to all surgical steps except the renal ischemia), Group AV (submitted to 30 minutes of warm ischemia by arteriovenous clamping of left kidney vessels), and Group A (submitted to 30 minutes of ischemia by arterial clamping). Right kidneys were used as controls. Weigh, volume, cortical volume, glomerular volumetric density (Vv[Glom]), volume-weighted glomerular volume (VWGV), and the total number of glomeruli were measured for each organ. RESULTS: Group AV showed a 24.5% reduction in its left kidney Vv[Glom] and a 25.4% reduction in the VWGV, when compared to the right kidney. Reductions were also observed when compared to kidneys of sham group. There was a reduction of 19.2% in the total number of glomeruli in AV kidneys. No difference was observed in any parameters analyzed on the left kidneys from group A. CONCLUSIONS: Renal warm ischemia of 30 minutes by arterial clamping did not caused significant glomerular damage, but arteriovenous clamping caused significant glomerular loss in a swine model. Clamping only the renal artery should be considered to minimize renal injury after partial nephrectomies.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Renal Artery/surgery , Laparoscopy/methods , Warm Ischemia/methods , Kidney Glomerulus/blood supply , Nephrectomy/methods , Organ Size , Swine , Disease Models, Animal , Kidney Glomerulus/anatomy & histology , Kidney Glomerulus/physiopathology
7.
Acta cir. bras ; 31(10): 650-654, Oct. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-827653

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT PURPOSE: To investigate the protective effect of L-arginine on the prostate (nonneoplasic) of rats with radiation-induced injury. METHODS: Twenty-nine Wistar rats, male adult, allocated into three groups: Control group (C) was not exposed to irradiation (n=10); Radiated group (R) had undergone pelvic irradiation (n=10); Supplemented and radiated group (R+S) had undergone pelvic irradiation plus L-arginine supplementation (n=9). The animals were observed for signs of toxicity. After euthanization, the prostate was dissected under magnification and stained by hematoxylin and eosin to study acinar structures and stained with Picrosirius red for collagen analysis. RESULTS: After radiation exposure, all animals presented diarrhea, but supplementation with L-arginine reduced this effect. The weight gain in the R+S group was significantly higher than in the C and R groups. In the R+S group the collagen density and the prostate acinar area was similar to the R and C groups. Epithelial height was significantly reduced in group R compared with group C (p<0.0001). When comparing the group R+S with R, a statistical difference was observed to be present (p<0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: Pelvic radiation promotes systemic effects and some structural modifications in the ventral prostate of rats. These modifications can be prevented by oral supplementation with L-arginine.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Arginine/pharmacology , Prostate/drug effects , Prostate/radiation effects , Radiation Injuries/prevention & control , Radiation-Protective Agents/pharmacology , Dietary Supplements , Pelvis/radiation effects , Prostate/pathology , Body Weight , Random Allocation , Reproducibility of Results , Collagen/analysis , Treatment Outcome , Rats, Wistar , Nitric Oxide/metabolism
8.
Acta cir. bras ; 30(7): 478-483, 07/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-754979

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate the penile morphological modifications of pubertal and adult rats chronically treated with supra-physiological doses of anabolic androgenic steroids. METHODS: Forty-eight male Wistar rats were distributed into four groups: two control groups, 105- and 65-day-old (C105 and C65, respectively) injected with peanut oil (vehicle); and two treated groups, 105- and 65-day-old (T105 and T65, respectively) injected with nandrolone decanoate at a dose of 10 mg Kg-1 of body weight. The rats were injected once a week for eight weeks. The rats were then killed and their penises were processed for histomorphometric analyses. The mean of each parameter was statistically compared. RESULTS: A corpus cavernosum reduction of 12.5% and 10.9% was observed in the T105 and T65 groups, respectively, when compared with their respective control groups. The cavernosum smooth muscle surface density diminished by 5.6% and 12.9% in the T65 and T105 groups, respectively, when compared with their controls. In contrast, the sinusoidal space increased by 17% in the T105 group and decreased by 9.6% in the T65 group. CONCLUSION: The use of supra-physiological doses of AAS promotes structural changes in the rat penis, by altering the proportions of corpus cavernosum tissues, in both pubertal and adult treated animals. .


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Anabolic Agents/adverse effects , Androgens/adverse effects , Penis/drug effects , Steroids/adverse effects , Age Factors , Anatomy, Cross-Sectional , Anabolic Agents/administration & dosage , Androgens/administration & dosage , Collagen/analysis , Muscle, Smooth/drug effects , Nandrolone/administration & dosage , Nandrolone/adverse effects , Nandrolone/analogs & derivatives , Penis/pathology , Rats, Wistar , Sexual Maturation/drug effects , Steroids/administration & dosage
9.
Acta cir. bras ; 30(6): 383-387, 06/2015. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1456227

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE:To investigate the structural and functional changes induced by corticosterone (CORT) in the ventral prostrate (VP) of rats in order to study chronic stress effects in the prepubertal phase.METHODS:Wistar rats received daily saline or CORT injections during the pubertal period from the 5th to 25th day of postnatal life. The animals were distributed into four groups: 1 - Control (n=5); 2 - Control 99mTc-P (n=5); 3 - Treated with CORT (n=14); 4 - Treated with CORT and 99mTc-P (n=10). All rats were sacrificed at two months of age. Technical tissue uptakes of 99mTc-P were used to evaluate the functional and stereological methods for morphological analysis.RESULTS:Acini distribution in the group treated with CORT differed significantly (p 0.0001) from the control. The control group's epithelial average height (10.01±0.24 microns) was statistically significant (p 0.0001) from rats treated with CORT (19.27±0.73microns). The collagen distribution was lower in the treated group (2.79%) when compared to control (3.97%). The radioactivity percentage in the groups marked with 99mTc-P (%Ati/g) did not demonstrate a statistically significant difference (p=0.285897).CONCLUSION:Chronic administration of corticosterone in prepubertal rats causes changes in their acinar structure and their ventral prostate stroma, indicating possible deleterious effects of this hormone.


Subject(s)
Male , Animals , Rats , Corticosterone/adverse effects , Glucocorticoids , Prostate
10.
Acta cir. bras ; 30(6): 382-387, 06/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-749646

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To investigate the structural and functional changes induced by corticosterone (CORT) in the ventral prostrate (VP) of rats in order to study chronic stress effects in the prepubertal phase. METHODS: Wistar rats received daily saline or CORT injections during the pubertal period from the 5th to 25th day of postnatal life. The animals were distributed into four groups: 1 - Control (n=5); 2 - Control 99mTc-P (n=5); 3 - Treated with CORT (n=14); 4 - Treated with CORT and 99mTc-P (n=10). All rats were sacrificed at two months of age. Technical tissue uptakes of 99mTc-P were used to evaluate the functional and stereological methods for morphological analysis. RESULTS: Acini distribution in the group treated with CORT differed significantly (p<0.0001) from the control. The control group's epithelial average height (10.01±0.24 microns) was statistically significant (p<0.0001) from rats treated with CORT (19.27±0.73microns). The collagen distribution was lower in the treated group (2.79%) when compared to control (3.97%). The radioactivity percentage in the groups marked with 99mTc-P (%Ati/g) did not demonstrate a statistically significant difference (p=0.285897). CONCLUSION: Chronic administration of corticosterone in prepubertal rats causes changes in their acinar structure and their ventral prostate stroma, indicating possible deleterious effects of this hormone. .


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Male , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/adverse effects , Corticosterone/adverse effects , Prostate/drug effects , Stress, Psychological/metabolism , Age Factors , Acinar Cells/drug effects , Collagen/analysis , Organ Size/drug effects , Prostate , Rats, Wistar , Sexual Development , Time Factors
11.
Acta cir. bras ; 30(4): 301-305, 04/2015. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-744277

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate the structure of the endopelvic fascia in prostates of different weights. METHODS: We studied 10 patients with BPH (prostates>90g); 10 patients with prostate adenocarcinoma (PAC) (prostates<60g) and five young male cadavers (control group). During the surgery a small sample of endopelvic fascia was obtained. We analyzed elastic fibers, collagen and smooth muscle. The stereological analysis was done with the Image Pro and Image J programs. Means were statistically compared using the one-way ANOVA with the Bonferroni test and a p<0.05 was considered statistically significant. RESULTS: The mean of the prostate weight was 122 g in BPH patients, 53.1g in PAC patients and 18.6g in control group. Quantitative analysis documented that there are no differences (p=0.19) in Vv of elastic fibers and in Vv of type III collagen (p=0.88) between the three groups. There was a significant difference (p=0<0.0001) in the quantification of SMC in patients with prostates >90g (mean=9.61%) when compared to patients with prostates <60g (mean=17.92%) and with the control group (mean=33.35%). CONCLUSION: There are differences in endopelvic fascia structure in prostates>90g, which can be an additional factor for pre-operatory evaluation of radical prostatectomy. .


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Fascia/anatomy & histology , Pelvis/anatomy & histology , Prostate/anatomy & histology , Prostatectomy/methods , Analysis of Variance , Adenocarcinoma/surgery , Collagen/analysis , Elastic Tissue/anatomy & histology , Muscle, Smooth/anatomy & histology , Organ Size , Prostate/surgery , Prostatic Hyperplasia/surgery , Prostatic Neoplasms/surgery
12.
Acta cir. bras ; 29(supl.3): 49-54, 2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-726243

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To perform a quantitative assessment of different types of pelvic ureter tissues with chronic dilation in adults, using stereological methods. METHODS: We analyzed fragments of dilated pelvic ureters obtained from 6 patients aged between 35 and 67 years (mean, 46 years) who underwent ureteral reimplantation surgery for different reasons. The obstruction duration ranged from 27 to 180 days (mean, 93 days). The control group included fragments of normal pelvic ureters obtained during nephrectomy in 7 kidney transplant donors (age: range, 25-51 years; mean, 36 years). The volumetric density of collagen in the ureter, elastic fibers, and smooth muscle fibers was assessed. RESULTS: The volumetric density (Vv) of collagen showed no significant difference between the two groups (control: 45.3 ± 6.1; dilated: 40.8 ± 6.9; P = 0.23). A statistically significant increase in Vv of elastic fibers was observed in the dilated ureters (control: 18.4 ± 1.2; dilated: 24.6 ± 5.4; P = 0.03). A statistically significant increase in the Vv of smooth muscle fibers was observed in the dilated ureter (control: 42.0 ± 6.0; dilated: 56.2 ± 6.1; P = 0.001). CONCLUSION: The chronically dilated pelvic ureters had significantly more elastin and smooth muscle contents than the controls. .


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Collagen/ultrastructure , Ureter/pathology , Dilatation, Pathologic/pathology , Elastic Tissue/ultrastructure , Immunohistochemistry , Microscopy, Polarization , Muscle, Smooth/ultrastructure
13.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 39(5): 675-682, Sep-Oct/2013. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-695155

ABSTRACT

Purpose Many adverse effects have been associated with abuse of anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS), including disorders of the urogenital tract. The objective of this study is to analyze the morphological modifications in the prostate ventral lobe of pubertal and adult rats chronically treated with AAS, using morphometric methods. Materials and Methods: We studied 39 male Wistar rats weighing between 400 g and 550 g. The rats were divided into four groups: (a) control rats, with 105 days of age (C105) (n = 7); (b) control rats with 65 days of age (C65) (n = 9), injected only with the vehicle (peanut oil); (c) treated rats, with 105 days of age (T105) (n = 10) and (d) treated rats with 65 days of age (T65) (n = 13). The treated rats were injected with nandrolone decanoate at a dose of 10 mg.Kg-1 body weight. The steroid hormone and the vehicle were administered by intramuscular injection once a week for eight weeks. The rats were killed at 161 days of age (C105 and T105) and 121 days of age (C65 and T65) and the ventral prostate lobe was dissected and processed for histology. The height of the acinar epithelium, the surface densities of the lumen, epithelium and stroma were observed with X400 magnification using an Olympus light microscope coupled to a Sony CCD video camera, and the images transferred to a Sony monitor KX14-CP1. The selected histological areas were then quantified using the M42 test-grid system on the digitized fields. The data were analyzed with the Graphpad software. To compare the quantitative data in both groups (controls and treated) and the outcomes, Student's t-test was used (p < 0.05 was considered significant). Results: The weight (p < 0.001) and volume (p = 0.004) of the prostate ventral lobe showed differences between C65 and T65 groups and between C105 and T105 groups. The epithelium height showed no difference between groups C65 and T65 (p = 0.8509), but the T105 group showed an increase of 32% compared ...


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Anabolic Agents/adverse effects , Androgens/adverse effects , Prostate/drug effects , Steroids/adverse effects , Collagen/analysis , Nandrolone/adverse effects , Nandrolone/analogs & derivatives , Organ Size/drug effects , Prostate/anatomy & histology , Rats, Wistar , Time Factors
14.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 39(3): 424-431, May/June/2013. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-680101

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the morphological changes of penile vascular structures and the corpus cavernosum area in alloxan-induced diabetic rabbits. Materials and Methods Twenty male rabbits (2 months old) were divided into two groups with 10 rabbits each, the control group (CG) and the diabetic group (DG). The animals from DG received an intravenous injection of alloxan (100mg/kg) to induce the diabetes. Ten weeks after the induction of diabetes, all animals were euthanized. Two fragments of the penile shaft were harvested and samples were processed and paraffin embedded. Sections (5µm) were cut and stained for histological and immunohistochemical markers. Results Nuclear protrusion toward the lumen, and cytoplasmic vacuolization were observed in the tunica intima of the dorsal artery of the penis in DG. The thicknesses of the tunica media increased significantly in DG (p = 0.0350). It was also observed a significant increase in the area of the tunica media (p = 0.0179). There was no significant change in smooth muscle cell density in the tunica media of the dorsal artery of the penis (p = 0.0855). The collagen fiber pattern of the tunica adventitia of the dorsal artery of the penis was different between the control and diabetic groups. There was a significant decrease in the area occupied by the cavernous sinuses in DG (p = 0.0013). Conclusion Alloxan-induced diabetes mellitus in rabbits promotes important changes in penile vascular structures, thereby decreasing blood supply and affecting penile hemodynamics, leading to erectile dysfunction. .


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Male , Rabbits , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental/pathology , Penis/blood supply , Vascular Diseases/pathology , Alloxan , Blood Glucose/analysis , Constriction, Pathologic/complications , Constriction, Pathologic/pathology , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental/complications , Erectile Dysfunction/etiology , Hemodynamics , Hypertrophy/pathology , Immunohistochemistry , Myocytes, Smooth Muscle/pathology , Penile Erection , Vascular Diseases/complications
15.
Acta cir. bras ; 28(6): 419-422, June 2013. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-675575

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE:To investigate the seminiferous tubule histological morphology after an 8 mmHg pneumoperitoneum in the rat model. METHODS: Fourteen rats were divided into two groups: a Sham group submitted to anesthesia and a pneumoperitoneum (Pp) group submitted to abdominal insufflation at 8 mmHg during three hours, followed by desuflation. All rats were killed after six weeks, testicles were collected and evaluated for the tubule diameter, germinative epithelium height and Johnsen´s score. Means were compared by using the Student's-t-test. RESULTS:The seminiferous tubule diameter was diminished by 11.3% in the group submitted to pneumoperitoneum (p<0.05). No significant difference was found among the groups when analyzing the epithelium height and Johnsen´s score. CONCLUSION:In the rat model, the seminiferous tubules present structural alterations when subjected to pneumoperitoneum of 8 mmHg during three hours.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Pneumoperitoneum, Artificial/adverse effects , Testis/pathology , Models, Animal , Organ Size , Random Allocation , Rats, Wistar , Time Factors
16.
Acta cir. bras ; 28(5): 378-384, May 2013. ilus, graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-674159

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To investigate whether elastic fiber content in the corpus cavernosum (CC), corpus spongiosum (CS) and tunica albuginea (TA) of the rabbit penis undergoes modifications with age. METHODS: Rabbits were sacrificed, in groups of ten animals each, at 30, 120, 240, and 730 days of age. Histological sections were obtained from the penile middle shaft and were stained with Weigert's resorsin fuchsin. The content of elastic fibers was determined using stereological methods, and was expressed as volume fraction. RESULTS: At 730 days of age, elastic fiber content was increased by 54% (p<0.004), 78% (p<0.004), and 87% (p<0.004) in the TA, CC, and CS, respectively, compared with animals aged 30 days. After 30 days of age, the concentration gradually and significantly increased until 240 days of age. In 730-day old animals, the concentration, compared with the previous age group, was unchanged in the CC and decreased by 20% (p<0.004) in the TA. CONCLUSIONS: Elastic fiber contents in the rabbit penis correlate with properties of penile tissues. Although after one month of age there is a gradual increase in these concentrations, in two-year old animals this trend is interrupted, which suggests that this could be an early alteration due to senescence.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rabbits , Elastic Tissue/anatomy & histology , Penis/anatomy & histology , Age Factors , Extracellular Matrix , Elastic Tissue/ultrastructure , Models, Animal , Penis/ultrastructure , Time Factors
17.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 38(6): 802-808, Nov-Dec/2012. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-666014

ABSTRACT

Objectives

To evaluate histological alterations in prepuce of patients with phimosis submitted to topic treatment with betamethasone in association with hyaluronidase. Materials and Methods

We studied sixty patients (mean age 4.5), presenting true phimosis and treated with a topical treatment with betamethasone cream (0.2%) + hyaluronidase. The parents of seven of these patients opted for circumcision (control group). The other fifty-three patients were submitted to clinical treatment. The samples were stained with Weigert's resorcin-fuchsin (analysis of the elastic fibers) and Picro-Sirius Red, for analysis of the collagen. The volumetric density of the elastic fibers was determined by stereological methods. Results

Only eight (15%) of the fifty-three patients submitted to topical treatment presented failure, being indicated for circumcision (histological analysis). We observed an increase of the collagen type III of the patients submitted to topical treatment. The quantification showed a reduction of the volumetric density of the prepuce's elastic fibers of the patients submitted to the cream treatment, when compared to the control group (p = 0.056). The volumetric density of the elastic fibers of the prepuce at the group not submitted to topical treatment showed an average of 14.60% (11.06 to 21.64%); in the group submitted to the cream treatment, the volumetric density of the elastic fibers of the prepuce showed an average of 10.34% (3.45 to 17.9%). Conclusion

The topical treatment of phimosis with betamethasone 0.2% + hyaluronidase had a success rate of 85%. Patients with failure of the topical treatment with steroid had histological alterations in the prepuce. .


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Humans , Male , Betamethasone/therapeutic use , Foreskin/pathology , Glucocorticoids/therapeutic use , Hyaluronoglucosaminidase/therapeutic use , Phimosis/drug therapy , Phimosis/pathology , Administration, Topical , Elastic Tissue/drug effects , Elastic Tissue/pathology , Foreskin/drug effects , Time Factors , Treatment Failure
18.
J. bras. urol ; 25(1): 113-6, jan.-mar. 1999. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-246354

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Determinar a incidência de assimetria durante a migraçäo testicular normal no período fetal humano. Material e Método: Foram estudados 137 fetos humanos bem preservados e sem fixaçäo prévia. A causa da morte dos fetos näo estava relacionada ao sistema urogenital e espécimes näo apresentavam nenhum tipo de malformaçäo congênita detectável. A idade gestacional foi calculada de acordo com critério de comprimento do maior pé e estava compreendida entre 10 e 35 semanas pós-concepçäo, o que corresponde a 12 e 37 semanas menstruais ou obstétricas. Após a abertura e dissecçäo do abdômen e da pelve, os testículos foram classificados como: a) abdominal, quando estava situado proximamente ao orifício inguinal interno; b) inguinal, quando estava localizado entre o anel inguinal interno e o externo, e, c)escrotal, quando estava situado inferiormente ao anel inguinal externo. Resultados: Os testículos eram abdominais em 69,35 porcento dos casos, inguinais em 13,15 porcento e escorrais em 17,5 porcento. Assimetria na migraçäo testicular foi encontrada em 8 casos (5,8 porcento) dos casos; em 3 casos um dos testículos era abdominal e o outro inguinal, em 3 casos um dos testículos era abdominal e o outro escrotal e em 2 casos um dos testículos era inguinal e o outro escrotal. Dentre os 8 casos de assimetria, em 5 (62,5 porcento) o testículo direito completou a migraçäo primeiro. Conclusäo: A incidência de assimetria durante a migraçäo testicular é baixa, representando 5,8 porcento dos casos estudados


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Testis/anatomy & histology , Testis/embryology , Cryptorchidism , Fetus
19.
J. bras. urol ; 25(1): 137-40, jan.-mar. 1999. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-246359

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Analisar a ontogênese dos diferentes componentes da matriz extra-celular na próstata, divididas em quatro grupos de três próstatas provenientes de fetos com as seguintes idades: 10, 18 21 e 25 semanas pós-concepçäo (SPC). Foi feito um estudo do sistema elástico e das fibras colágenas. O estudo histoquímico das fibras colágenas foi feito com o tricrômico de Gomori e com o método do Sirius Red; foram também utilizados anticorpos contra os colágenos tipo-I e tipo-III. Para a análise histoquímica o anticorpo contra elastina humana. Resultados: Colágeno: No início do período gestacional (10 SPC) observamos uma grande quantidade do colágeno tipo-I e tipo-III. Com o desenvolvimento fetal (18 e 25 SPC) ocorreu um aumento progressivo na quantidade de colágeno tipo-I com uma diminuiçäo concomitante do colágeno tipo-III. Na regiäo periférica da próstata e próximo aos ductos ejaculatórios, as fibras colágenas säo raras quando comparadas com as outras regiöes da próstata, sendo esse fato observado durante todo o período fetal. Fibras elásticas: Com 10 SPC foi observada pequena concentraçäo de fibras elásticas, localizadas principalmente na regiäo ventral da próstata. A concentraçäo de fibras elásticas aumentam com a idade gestacional, estando presente em todas as regiöes prostáticas, especialmente ao redor dos ácinos e na regiäo uretral. Conclusöes: Com o desenvolvimento fetal ocorre um aumento nas concentraçöes de colágeno tipo-I e elastina com um simultâneo decréscimo no colágeno tipo-III


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Fetus/anatomy & histology , Prostate/embryology , Collagen
20.
Rev. bras. ciênc. morfol ; 7/8(2/1): 13-7, jul.-jun. 1990/1991. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-163763

ABSTRACT

Determinaçoes morfométricas estereológicas foram feitas em microscopia óptica de cortes semifinos de gânglio pterigopalatino (GP) do rato. Os seguintes parâmetros do pericário foram analisados: diâmetro equatorial (D), densidade volumétrica (Vv), densidade da superfície por volume (Sv) e densidade numérica (Nv). Os resultados obtidos do estudo de três animais, foram (média + desvio padrao): D = 23,93 + 6,46 mum; Vv = 53,83 + 7,40 por cento; Sv = 0,173 + 0,026 mum1; Nv (x 10(-5)) = 5,38 + 1,26 mum(-3). Os gânglios parassimpáticos cranianos apresentam variaçoes na mesma espécie, e entre diferentes espécies, quanto ao Nv e o tamanho das células.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Ganglia, Parasympathetic/cytology , Rats, Wistar
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL