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1.
Journal of Modern Urology ; (12): 157-160, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006106

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To investigate the effects of 450 nm diode blue laser on the morphological changes and thermal damage of renal pelvis under different conditions. 【Methods】 An ex vivo study was conducted on a fresh porcine pelvis model (7 cm×5 cm×3 cm). The laser fiber was fixed on the mechanical arm perpendicular to the renal pelvis tissue, and the distance between them was 1-2 mm. The renal pelvis tissue was incised at a speed of 1-2 mm/s and power of 5-30 W. After the incised tissue was fixed in formalin (4%), the morphology, depth, width and coagulation thickness were observed with naked eyes and a microscope. 【Results】 The different powers had different vaporization and incision effects. When the operating distance was 2 mm, the speed was 2 mm/s and power was 5 W, the vaporization depth, width and coagulation thickness were approximately 0 9 mm, 0.25 mm and 0.35 mm, respectively. With the increase of power, the vaporization width and depth increased, and the coagulation thickness was 0.35-0.50 mm. When the power was more than 10 W, the renal pelvis tissue was easily penetrated. When the laser power was 20 W, the section of the renal pelvis showed an irregular shape of vaporization. When the operating distance was 1 mm, the whole renal pelvis tissue was easily vaporized. When it was 2 mm, a wide and safe energy treatment window was produced. 【Conclusion】 The 450 nm diode blue laser can vaporize and incise renal pelvis tissue safely and effectively, with high precision and little thermal damage. It is expected to be a new surgical tool in the treatment of renal pelvis lesions.

2.
Journal of Modern Urology ; (12): 119-121, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006096

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To investigate the feasibility and safety of semiconductor blue laser in the treatment of non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) in the day surgery model. 【Methods】 The clinical data of 22 NMIBC patients (average age 55.8 years and tumor size 1.4 cm) who underwent outpatient screening and accepted blue laser ambulatory surgery in our hospital during Jun.2022 and Sep.2022 were retrospectively analyzed. On the day of admission, transurethral resection of cancer was performed using blue laser en bloc enucleation. On the day of surgery or in the morning of next day, bladder irrigation was stopped, the catheter was removed, and patients were discharged. The baseline data, pre-hospital waiting time, operation time, length of hospital stay, hemoglobin decrease, complications and management, follow-up, medical costs, and patients’ satisfaction rate were recorded. 【Results】 The pre-hospital waiting time was 2 to 7 days, average (4.1±1.3)days. The operation time was 29 to 50 minutes, average (40.8±5.5)minutes. The length of hospital stay was 0.6 to 1.2 days, average (0.9±0.2)days. Hemoglobin decrease was 1 g/L to 8 g/L, average (3.8±1.8)g/L. The catheter was indwelt for 0.5 to 1 day, average (0.7±0.1)day. The medical costs were 13 790 to 16 811 Yuan, average (14 941.5±690.2) Yuan. Patients’ satisfaction rate was 100.0%. Mild intraoperative and postoperative complications occurred in 2 cases. One patient developed symptoms of cystitis which disappeared after 2 days of oral antibiotic cefixime, and another patient developed bladder spasm which was relieved after oral solifenacin succinate tablets. No adverse events such as obturator nerve reflex or bladder perforation occurred. After removal of the catheter, no urinary retention was observed. 【Conclusion】 This study was the first to apply blue laser ambulatory surgery in the treatment of bladder cancer, confirming that it is a safe, feasible, economical and efficient model for selected patients, which can be promoted in suitable hospitals.

3.
Journal of Modern Urology ; (12): 115-118, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006095

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To compare the efficacy and safety of blue laser en bloc enucleation and traditional plasmakinetic electrocautery in the treatment of non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC). 【Methods】 A total of 50 NMIBC patients treated in our hospital during Oct.2018 and Dec.2019 were enrolled. A randomized, incomplete blinding, parallel control design and non-inferior test method was adopted. The control group (electrocautery group) used plasmakinetic electrocautery for transurethral resection, and the experimental group (blue laser group) used semiconductor blue laser for transurethral en bloc enucleation. The effective resection rate, operation time, postoperative catheter indwelling time, length of hospital stay, perioperative hemoglobin changes and obturator nerve reflex were compared. 【Results】 There were 24 patients in the blue laser group and 26 in the electrocautery group. The effective dissection rate and hemostasis rate in both groups reached 100%. The blue laser group had slightly longer operation time than the electrocautery group (55 min vs.42 min, P=0.009), but lesser hemoglobin decrease (5.7 g/L vs. 10.4 g/L, P=0.007). There were no significant differences in urinary catheter indwelling time, length of hospital stay and reoperation rate between the two groups. The electrocautery group had 3 cases of obturator nerve reflex, while the blue laser group had none. 【Conclusion】 Compared with the traditional electrocautery, blue laser has good vaporization cutting and coagulation hemostatic effects on bladder tumor tissue, and can completely enucleate tumors in a front-firing model with less bleeding and no obturator nerve reflex, which can be used as a new, efficient, safe and easy-to-learn method for NMIBC surgery. However, its effects on postoperative recurrence rate and progression rate still need further studies.

4.
Journal of Modern Urology ; (12): 65-70, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005467

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To explore the expressions of PBRM1 and PD-L1 in renal cell carcinoma (RCC), and the molecular mechanism of PBRM1 regulating PD-L1, in order to provide experimental results for clinical immunotherapy. 【Methods】 The protein expressions of PBRM1 and PD-L1 were detected with immunohistochemistry, and their mRNA expressions were determined by analyzing TCGA database. Meanwhile, the relationship between overall survival and mRNA expressions of PBRM1 and PD-L1 were analyzed in TCGA database. The exosomes were extracted with exoEasy Maxi Kit. Expressions of exosomal biomarkers CD63 and CD9 were detected with Western blotting, and their morphology was observed with transmission electron microscope. PD-L1 expression after IFN-γ, IL-6 and TNF-α treatment was detected with Western blotting. 【Results】 The expression of PBRM1 was significantly lower in canver tissue than in paracancerous tissue (P<0.001). The loss rate of PBRM1 was up to 76.4%. PBRM1 expression was not correlated with PD-L1 expression. PBRM1 deletion activated TNF-α/exosome signaling pathway, leading to increase of PD-L1 secretion in exosomes, which was then transported to the outside of cells. 【Conclusion】 There is no relationship between PBRM1 and PD-L1 protein expressions in RCC. However, PBRM1 mutation can lead to inflammatory signaling pathway activation, inducing PD-L1 secretion, which is encapsulated in exosomes and transported to the outside of cells, and affects the response of immunotherapy.

5.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1207-1215, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980845

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#LY01005 (Goserelin acetate sustained-release microsphere injection) is a modified gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist injected monthly. This phase III trial study aimed to evaluated the efficacy and safety of LY01005 in Chinese patients with prostate cancer.@*METHODS@#We conducted a randomized controlled, open-label, non-inferiority trial across 49 sites in China. This study included 290 patients with prostate cancer who received either LY01005 or goserelin implants every 28 days for three injections. The primary efficacy endpoints were the percentage of patients with testosterone suppression ≤50 ng/dL at day 29 and the cumulative probability of testosterone ≤50 ng/dL from day 29 to 85. Non-inferiority was prespecified at a margin of -10%. Secondary endpoints included significant castration (≤20 ng/dL), testosterone surge within 72 h following repeated dosing, and changes in luteinizing hormone, follicle-stimulating hormone, and prostate specific antigen levels.@*RESULTS@#On day 29, in the LY01005 and goserelin implant groups, testosterone concentrations fell below medical-castration levels in 99.3% (142/143) and 100% (140/140) of patients, respectively, with a difference of -0.7% (95% confidence interval [CI], -3.9% to 2.0%) between the two groups. The cumulative probabilities of maintaining castration from days 29 to 85 were 99.3% and 97.8%, respectively, with a between-group difference of 1.5% (95% CI, -1.3% to 4.4%). Both results met the criterion for non-inferiority. Secondary endpoints were similar between groups. Both treatments were well-tolerated. LY01005 was associated with fewer injection-site reactions than the goserelin implant (0% vs . 1.4% [2/145]).@*CONCLUSION@#LY01005 is as effective as goserelin implants in reducing testosterone to castration levels, with a similar safety profile.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION@#ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT04563936.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal/therapeutic use , East Asian People , Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone/agonists , Goserelin/therapeutic use , Prostate-Specific Antigen , Prostatic Neoplasms/drug therapy , Testosterone
6.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 205-209, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869629

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish a nomogram model for predicting positive resection margins after prostate cancer surgery, and to perform the corresponding verification, in order to predict the risk of positive resection margins after surgery.Methods:A total of 2 215 prostate cancer patients from The First Affiliated Hospital of Naval Medical University, Hospital, Peking University First Hospital, Peking University Third Hospital, Peking University, and First Affiliated Hospital of Xi′an Jiaotong University were included in the PC-follow database from 2015 to 2018, and a simple random sampling method was used. They were divided into 1 770 patients in the modeling group and 445 patients in the verification group. In the modeling group, the age (<60 years, 60 to 70 years, >70 years), PSA (<4 ng/ml, 4-10 ng/ml, 11-20 ng/ml, >20 ng/ml), pelvic MRI (negative, suspicious, positive), clinical stage of the tumor (T 1-T 2, ≥T 3), percentage of positive needles (≤33%, 34%-66%, >66%), Gleason score of biopsy pathology (≤6 points, 7 points, ≥8 points). Univariate and multivariate logistic analysis were performed to screen meaningful indicators to construct a nomogram model. The model was used for validation in the validation group. Results:The results of multivariate analysis showed that preoperative PSA level ( OR=2.046, 95% CI 1.022 to 4.251, P=0.009), percentage of puncture positive needles ( OR=1.502, 95% CI 1.136 to 1.978, P=0.002), Gleason score of puncture pathology ( OR=1.568, 95% CI 1.063 to 2.313, P=0.028), pelvic MRI were correlated ( OR=1.525, 95% CI 1.160 to 2.005, P=0.033). Establish a nomogram model for independent predictors of positive margin of prostate cancer. The area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve of the validation group is 0.776. The area under the ROC curve of the preoperative PSA level, percentage of puncture positive needles, puncture pathology Gleason score, pelvic MRI, postoperative pathology Gleason score were 0.554, 0.615, 0.556, 0.522, and 0.560, respectively. The difference between the nomogram model and other indicators was statistically significant ( P<0.05). Conclusions:The constructed nomogram model has higher diagnostic value than the preoperative PSA level, percentage of puncture positive needles, Gleason score of puncturing pathology, pelvic MRI, and postoperative pathological Gleason score in predicting positive margin.

7.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1059-1062, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869528

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the risk factors for Gleason score upgrading after radical prostatectomy in clinical low-risk prostate cancer patients aged≥65 years.Methods:A total of 485 clinical low-risk prostate cancer patients aged≥65 years at five centers of the national multi-center PC-follow database from January 2015 to March 2019 were retrospectively analyzed.Data including age at diagnosis, prostate-specific antigen(PSA), MRI prostate imaging, puncture Gleason score, operation method, puncture method, positive incision margin and capsule penetration were collected.Differences in Gleason scores before and after operation were compared, and the risk factors for Gleason score upgrading after radical resection were evaluated by univariate and multivariate Logistic regression analysis.Results:Of 485 patients with a puncture Gleason score of 3+ 3=6, 261(53.8%)cases had postoperative pathological upgrading, in whom 228(87.4%)cases had Gleason score upgrading of 7, 22(8.4%)had Gleason score upgrading of 8, and 11(4.2%)had Gleason score upgrading of 9 or more.The rate of Gleason score upgrading was elevated with increased preoperative PSA levels, positive pelvic MRI, and higher positive rates of puncture biopsy.The incidences of postoperative capsule penetration(27.2% vs.12.5%, P<0.001)and positive incision margin(25.2% vs.17.4%, P=0.036)had statistically significant differences between the pathologically upgraded group and the pathologically non-upgraded group.Multivariate analysis showed that preoperative PSA level, percentage of positive puncture biopsies, biopsy Gleason score and pelvic MRI were independent predictors of prostate cancer. Conclusions:For clinical low-risk prostate cancer patients aged≥65 years with high risk factors for Gleason score upgrading, repeated biopsies should be carried out when necessary and the treatment plan should be adjusted accordingly.

8.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 341-345, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-446804

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the risk factors for castrate-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) after prostate cancer treated with androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) within 1 year.Methods One hundred and thirty-one prostate cancer patients treated with ADT in our institute between Jan.2008 and Jan.2011 were selected for this study.Patients were followed up by telephone or in clinic,including serum testosterone,serum PSA,clinical symptoms,imaging studies,digital rectal examination (DRE),survival data,PSA nadir,time to PSA nadir and et al.We mainly studied the CRPC after prostate cancer treated with ADT within 1 year.In the 131 patients,the median age was 70 (ranged from 44-89) years.There were 13 patients (9.9%) less than 60 years,43 patients (32.8%) between 60 and 69 years,62 patients (47.3%) between 70 and 79 years,13 patients (9.9%) more than 80 years.The average body mass index (BMI) was 23.0 (ranged from 14.4-34.4) kg/m2.There were 10 patients less than 18.5 kg/m2,77 patients between 18.5 and 24.0 kg/m2,34 patients between 24.1 and 28.0 kg/m2,and 10 patients more than 28.0 kg/m2.The initial PSA was between 0.3 and 4 707.0 μg/L,there were 19 patients (14.5%) less than 20 μg/L,45 patients (34.4%) between 20 and 99 μg/L,67 patients (51.1%) more than 100 μg/L.One patient (0.7%) was in T1,39 patients (29.8%) in T2,59 patients (45.0%) in T3,32 patients (24.4%) in T4.5 patients (3.8%) were with Gleason score 4,13 patients (9.9%) were with Gleason score 5,24 patients (18.3%) were with Gleason score 6,51 patients (38.9%) were with Gleason score 7,26 patients (19.8%) were with Gleason score 8,9 patients (6.9%) were with Gleason score 9,3 patients (2.3%) were with Gleason score 10.Results There were 32 of 131 patients (24.4%) progressed to CRPC after treated with ADT within 1 year.In the CRPC group,there were 3 patients less than 60 years,15 patients between 60 and 69 years,12 patients between 70 and 79 years,2 patients more than 79 years; 3 patients were less than 18.5 kg/m2,19 patients were between 18.5 and 24.0 kg/m2,7 patients were between 24.0 and 28.0 kg/m2,3 patients were more than 28.0 kg/m2 ; 4 patients were less than 20 μg/L,6 patients were between 20 and 100 μg/L,22 patients were more than 100 μg/L; 4 patients were in T2,13 patients were in T3,15 patients were in T4; 2 patients were with Gleason score 6,11 patients were with Gleason score 7,11 patients were with Gleason score 8,6 patients were with Gleason score 9,2 patients were with Gleason score 10; 29 patients were with metastasis,3 patients without metastasis.Clinical stage (P =0.001),Gleason score (P<0.001) and metastasis (P=0.011) were statistically significant between the CRPC within 1 year group and the rest group.Conclusions The clinical stage and Gleason score are the risk factors of CRPC treated with ADT within 1 year.The higher of the clinical stage and Gleason score,the greater risk to be the CRPC within 1 year.

9.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 261-265, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-318003

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Overactive bladder (OAB) is a series of symptoms with high prevalence in elderly people. This study was conducted using the overactive bladder symptom score (OABSS) to evaluate the efficacy of solifenacin succinate for the treatment of OAB.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>This was a prospective, multicenter, single-arm, 12-week study that enrolled 241 OAB patients. The patients received 5-10 mg/day solifenacin. Changes in OABSS, symptoms from voiding diary, perception of bladder condition (PPBC) score, international prostate symptom score (IPSS) and quality of life (QOL) were evaluated at weeks 0, 4, and 12. The relationship between OABSS and PPBC score or parameters of voiding diary was also evaluated.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>At baseline, the mean OABSS for all patients was 9.41 ± 2.40, and was reduced significantly at week 12 (-3.76 points; 61.21%, P < 0.0001). The OABSS subscore, PPBC score, IPSS, and QOL were also significantly reduced during the study (P < 0.0001). The overall incidence of adverse events was 19.91% (44 cases). The gastrointestinal system was the most commonly affected (11.31%). Around 5.88% of the cases had adverse events related to the genitourinary system. There was a strong correlation between OABSS and urinary symptoms that was recorded in the 3-day voiding dairy.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>We showed that solifenacin was clinically effective for relieving OAB symptoms, considering the balance between efficacy, patients' well-being, and tolerability. OABSS integrates four OAB symptoms into a single score and can be a useful tool for research and clinical practice.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Muscarinic Antagonists , Therapeutic Uses , Prospective Studies , Quality of Life , Quinuclidines , Therapeutic Uses , Solifenacin Succinate , Tetrahydroisoquinolines , Therapeutic Uses , Treatment Outcome , Urinary Bladder, Overactive , Drug Therapy
10.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 591-594, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-421692

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the histological features, clinical presentation, treatment and prognosis of small cell carcinoma of the prostate.MethodsThe clinical, pathological and follow-up data of two cases of small cell carcinoma of the prostate were respectively analyzed, and the related literature was reviewed.ResultsTwo cases of small cell carcinoma were diagnosed by transtectal prostate biopsy. Microscopically, the tumor arranged in nest structures and exhibited small round cells with the nuclei extremely hyperchromatic and scanty. Coagulated necrosis was easily observed. The immunohistochemical testing was positive for NSE and negative for PSA 、PAP. Case 1 received palliative surgery and postoperative chemotherapy of EP (VP-16, Cisplatin), and died of recurrence and distant metastasis after six months. Case 2 received palliative surgery and oral bicalutamide treatment, and died of recurrence and liver metastasis after three months.ConclusionsSmall cell carcinoma of the prostate has the biological behavior of invasive growth with an unfavorable prognosis, which is often in an advanced stage at first diagnosis. The ultimate diagnosis depends on histopathology and surgery combined with systemic chemotherapy and radiotherapy is the most effective treatment.

11.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Analysis ; (6): 281-282,封3,封4, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-625015

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the therapeutic efficiency of short anterior urethral stricture treated with endourethral surgery combined with iridium 192 radiation therapy in order to decrease the recurrence rate after endourethral surgery. Methods A total of 286 patients with anterior urethral stricture (stricture length ranging from 0.5 to 2.5cm, averaging at 1.6cm) were divided randomly into two groups after internal urethrotomy and cicatrix electrotomy. The radiation group of 173 patients was treated as soon as possible with iridium 192 radiation therapy on the stricture sections while the control group of 113 patients was not. The recurrence rate was compared between the two groups during one year's follow-up. Results Among all the 286 successful operations, stricture recurred in 19 patients of the radiation group (recurrence rate of 10.98%) and in 62 ones of the control group (recurrence rate of 54.86%), with a significant difference (P=0.003). Conclusion It is an effective way to prevent recurrence by treating patients as early as possible with iridium 192 radiation on the stricture sections after endourethral operation on anterior urethral stricture.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-621663

ABSTRACT

Objectire To identify specific biomarkers that could improve early diagnsis of lung adenuearcinoma using matrix-assisted laser desorptian/ionization (MALDI) technology. Methods Serum samples were isolated from 17 patients with stage I lung adenuearcinoma and 17 age- and sex-matched healthy controls, and the serum proteomic profiles were obtained by matrix-assistcd laser desorption ionization time of flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectrometry. Results Compared with healthy control group, two highly expressed potential biomarkers were identified with the relative molecular weights of 6 631.64 Da and 4 964. 21 Da. The two best novel protein peaks were automatically chosen for the system training and the development of the constructed model. The constructed model was then used to test an independent set of masked serum samples from 15 lung adenocarcinoma patients and 22 healthy individuals. The analysis yielded a sensitivity of 93.3 %, and a specificity of 95.5 %. Conclusion These results suggest that MALDI-TOF-MS ProteinChip technology is a quick, convenient, and high-output analyzing method that is capable of selecting several relatively potential biomarkers from the serum of lung adenocarcinoma patients and may have a clinical value in the future, and will provide clues to identifying new serologic btomarkers of lung adenocarcinoma.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-621681

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the association between psychological stress and oxidative damage in TNM stage Ⅲ patients with poorly differentiated gastric adenecarcinoma (GA). Methods One hundred and six patients with newly diagnosed poorly differentiated GA were assessed using the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAMD), Zung Self-rating Depression Scale (SDS), Zung Self-rating Anxiety Scale (SAS), Symptom Checklist 90 (SCL-90), activities of daily living (ADL) and other multiple-item qnestionnaires. Oxidative-stress-related parameters in serum and the expression of DNA repair genes were monitored during a pretreatment period. Results The patients were divided into depression and nondepression groups (Groups A and B, respectively) based on a HAMD score cutoff of 20. The mean SDS, SAS, SCL-90, ADL and passive coping scores were higher in Group A, whereas social support and quality of life were lower. Serum total antioxidant capacity, eatalase, superoxide dismutuse concentrations and anti-superoxide anion capacity (A-ASC) were significantly decreased in Group A, whereas serum malondialdehyde (MDA) and 8-hydroxy-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) levels were significantly increased. Pearson correlation analysis revealed that depression was pesitively correlated with MDA, SAS, SCL-90 and ADL, but negatively correlated with A-ASC. Furthermore, real-time PCR revealed that the expression levels of hOGG1 and APEX1 were increased in Group A. Conclusion Psychological stress might be related to impaired antioxidant system in patients with GA, and it presents the first evidence of the involvement of oxidative DNA damage in the pathogenesis of depression.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-621762

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the possibility of microsatellite alteration (MA) in diagnosis of bladder cancer of Chinese people, and find the better panel which will be used in clinic. Methods A total of 6 and 10microsatellite markers were chosen, PCR-SSLP silver staining assay was performed in 31 and 32 bladder cancers tissue,exfoliate cells in urine and 10, 15 non-bladder cancers exfoliate cells in urine, respectively. Results MA (+) was found in 28 out of 31, 30 out of 32 bladder cancers, and the sensitivity was 90.3%, 93.7% respectively. The MA of urine sediment of 25 non-bladder cancers was negative, and the specificity was 100%. The cytology was carried out among 19 out of 31, 20 out of 32 bladder cancers at the same time, 2 cases ( 10.3 %) and 3 cases ( 15 % ) were found cancer positive, and the sensitivity is significantly lower than that by the analysis of MA in exfoliated cells. Conclusion MA was not associated with grade and stage of the bladder cancer. MA assay is a sensitive and effective method for the early detection of bladder cancer and post-operation surveillance.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-621741

ABSTRACT

Objective To detect the expression of survivin mRNA in cervical cancer cell lines using molecular beacon imaging technology. Methods Human cervical cancer cells (HeLa and SiHa) and human fetal lung fibroblast HFL-I were cultured in vitro. After adding 100 nmol/L survivin mRNA molecular beacon, the fluorescent signals were observed under fluorescent microscope. The expressions of survivin in cervical cancer cells and HFL-I cell were examined by immunocytochemical streptravidin-biothin peroxidase (SP) assay at the same time. Results Two kinds of survivin mRNA molecular beacon, with different color fluorescence, had strong fluorescent signal in cervical cancer cell lines, and the signal in SiHa cell line was stronger, but these signals were not found in HFL-I ; Immunocytochemical staining of positive survivin was located in the cytoplasm of cervical cancer cell lines HeLa and SiHa, whereas, no expression of survivin was detected in HFL-I cell line. Conclusion The technology of molecular beacon imaging can be used to detect the expression of survivin mRNA in viable cells successfully, and may provide a new approach to the diagnosis of early stage cervical cancer and the following-up in the clinic.

16.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 305-308, 2004.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-308365

ABSTRACT

Genome sequencing data have been accumulating exponentially. The detection and analysis of a tremendous amount of genetic information require new rapid, highly-efficient techniques of hybridization and sequencing. The development of high-through genechip technology has dramatically enhanced our ability in male infertility research. Current applications of genechip technology in male infertility include the study of testis genes, the analysis of spermatozoon mRNA, the study on cell genital toxicity, the diagnosis and treatment of male infertility. This review summarizes the present situation in male infertility research and the potential clinical application.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Male , Homeodomain Proteins , Genetics , Infertility, Male , Diagnosis , Genetics , Therapeutics , Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis , RNA, Messenger
17.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 740-742, 2004.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-267824

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the significance of the determination of IL-8 and TNF-alpha in prostatic secretions in the evaluation of chronic prostatitis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>IL-8 and TNF-alpha levels in EPS were evaluated by ELISA in 90 men: controls (n = 12), CBP (n = 12), CPPS IIIA (n=38), CPPS IIIB (n=28). And the difference was analyzed between CBP or CPPS IIIA and CPPS IIIB or controls.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>IL-8 and TNF-alpha levels in EPS were higher in men with CBP [(10967.5 +/- 3477.7) pg/ml, (84.1 +/- 54.7) pg/ml] or CPPS IIIA [(9268.4 +/- 2034.6) pg/ml and (32.6 +/- 18.6) pg/ml], but lower in men with CPPS IIIB [(2726.1 +/- 277.5) pg/ml, (12.6 +/- 7.1) pg/ml] or controls [(2800.0 +/- 320.2) pg/ml and (12.9 +/- 10.1) pg/ml] respectively. There was significant difference between CBP or CPPS IIIA and CPPS IIIB or controls (P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>IL-8 and TNF-alpha are elevated in the EPS of the men with CBP and CPPS IIIA, and provide a novel means for the identification and characterization of chronic nonbacterial prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome. The cut-points for IL-8 and TNF-alpha to discriminate CBP or CPPS IIIA from CPPS IIIB or controls need further investigation.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Body Fluids , Chemistry , Case-Control Studies , Chronic Disease , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Interleukin-8 , Bodily Secretions , Leukocyte Count , Prostatitis , Diagnosis , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Bodily Secretions
18.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1394-1398, 2003.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-311673

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVES</b>To examine the anti-oncogenic effects of promyelocytic leukemia (PML) on bladder cancer and to explore its molecular mechanisms of growth suppression.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Wild-type PML was transfected into bladder cancer cells (5637 cell) and expressed in a replication-deficient adenovirus-mediated gene delivery system and introduced into human bladder cancer cells (5637 cell) in vitro and in vivo. The effect and mechanisms of the PML gene in cell growth, clonogenicity, and tumorigenicity of bladder cancer cells were studied using in vitro and in vivo growth assays, soft agar colony-forming assay, cell cycle analysis, apoptosis assay and in vivo tumorigenicity assay.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Overexpression of PML in 5637 cells significantly reduced their growth rate and clonogenicity on soft agar. PML suppressed bladder cancer cell growth by inducing G1 cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. Adenovirus-mediated PML (Ad-PML) significantly suppressed the tumorigenicity and growth of bladder cancer cells. Intratumoral injection of Ad-PML into tumors induced by 5637 cells dramatically suppressed their growth.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The results indicated that overexpression of PML protein may promote efficient growth inhibition of human bladder cancer cells by inducing G1 cell cycle arrest and apoptosis, and adenovirus-mediated PML (Ad-PML) expression efficiently suppresses human bladder cancer growth.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Male , Mice , Adenoviridae , Apoptosis , Physiology , Cell Division , Physiology , Cells, Cultured , Mice, Nude , Neoplasm Proteins , Nuclear Proteins , Promyelocytic Leukemia Protein , Transcription Factors , Transfection , Tumor Cells, Cultured , Tumor Suppressor Proteins , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms , Pathology
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-540130

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the significance of the panel of 6 microsatellites in detection of bladder cancer. Methods In the tumor tissue and urine sediment of 32 cases of bladder cancer 10 microsatellites were chosen and PCR-SSLP silver staining assay was conducted according to the methods described in the literature and our previous study.15 cases of non-bladder cancer served as controls. Results Microsatellite alternate (MA) was found in 30 out of 32 cases of bladder cancers,the sensitivity being 93.8%.The MA of urine sediment of 15 cases of non-bladder cancer was negative,the specifity being 100.0%.Among the 10 microsatellites, 6 ones were chosen;the MA positivity of the panel of the 6 ones was 90.6% (29/32).This result was not significantly different from that of the panel of 10 microsatellites. Conclusions MA assay is a sensitive,effective method for detection of bladder cancer.Compared with the panel of 10 microsatellites,the panel of 6 microsatellites may be a better tool for detection of bladder cancer.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-539233

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the protective effects of Astragalus membranaceus on renal damage induced by ESWL in rabbits. Methods 45 rabbits were randomly divided into 3 groups:sham therapy (physiological saline) as group 1,verapamil (control) as group 2 and Astragalus membranaceus as group 3.These groups were intravenously given physiological saline (20 ml),verapamil (0.4 mg/kg) and Astragulus memebranaceus (2.4 g/kg),respectively,3 days before ESWL was applied (1500 shocks,18kV,MZ-V,made in China).Blood and homogenate ET-1,MDA,related to renal injury,and SOD,related to renal protection,and renal morphology were observed. Results After shocking,the increase of ET-1 and MDA in group 2 and group 3 was significantly lower than that in group 1(P0.05),and ET-1 was slightly elevated (P=0.132).After shocking,SOD in groups 2 and 3 was significantly higher than that in group 1,and its trough level in group 3 earlier appeared at 24 hours after shocking.Histopathology showed that renal damage in groups 3 and 2 was much milder than that in group 1;furthermore,renal damage was even milder and its recovery was even sooner in group 3 (Astragalus membranaceus) than in group 2 (verapamil). Conclusions The results demonstrate that Astragulus membranaceus has protective effects on renal damage induced by ESWL.

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