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1.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 755-761, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012225

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the efficacy of humanized anti-CD25 monoclonal antibody for steroid-refractory acute graft-versus-host disease (SR-aGVHD) in allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) recipients. Methods: A total of 64 patients with SR-aGVHD between June 2019 and October 2020 in Suchow Hopes Hematology Hospital were enrolled in this study. Humanized anti-CD25 monoclonal antibodies 1 mg·kg(-1)·d(-1) were administered on days 1, 3, and 8, and then once per week according to the disease progression. Efficacy was assessed at days 7, 14, and 28 after humanized anti-CD 25 treatment. Results: Of the 64 patients with a median age of 31 (15-63) years, 38 (59.4%) were male and 26 (40.6%) were female. The overall response (OR) rate of the humanized CD25 monoclonal antibody in 64 patients with SR-aGVHD on days 7, 14, and 28 were 48.4% (31/64), 53.1% (34/64), and 79.7% (51/64), respectively. Liver involvement is an independent risk factor for poor efficacy of humanized CD25 monoclonal antibody for SR-aGVHD at day 28 (OR=9.588, 95% CI 0.004-0.291, P=0.002). The median follow-up time for all patients was 17.1 (0.2-50.8) months from the start of humanized CD25 monoclonal antibody therapy. The 1- and 2-year OS rates were 63.2% (95% CI 57.1% -69.3%) and 52.6% (95% CI 46.1% -59.1%), respectively. The 1- and 2-year DFS rates were 58.4% (95% CI 52.1% -64.7%) and 49.8% (95% CI 43.4% -56.2%), respectively. The 1- and 2-year NRM rates were 28.8% (95% CI 23.1% -34.5%) and 32.9% (95% CI 26.8% -39.0%), respectively. The results of the multifactorial analysis showed that liver involvement (OR=0.308, 95% CI 0.108-0.876, P=0.027) and GVHD grade Ⅲ/Ⅳ (OR=9.438, 95% CI 1.211-73.577, P=0.032) were independent risk factors for OS. Conclusion: Humanized CD25 monoclonal antibody has good efficacy and safety for SR-aGVHD. This study shows that SR-aGVHD with pretreatment grade Ⅲ/Ⅳ GVHD and GVHD involving the liver has poor efficacy and prognosis and requires early intervention.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Adolescent , Young Adult , Acute Disease , Antibodies, Monoclonal/therapeutic use , Graft vs Host Disease/therapy , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , Salvage Therapy/methods , Steroids
2.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 649-653, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012207

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the efficacy and safety of Venetoclax combined with multidrug chemotherapy in patients with relapsed or refractory early T-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (R/R ETP-ALL) . Methods: This study retrospectively analyzed 15 patients with R/R ETP-ALL who received Venetoclax combined with multidrug chemotherapy from December 2018 to February 2022. Among them, eight cases were combined with demethylated drugs, four cases were combined with demethylated drugs and HAAG chemotherapy regimen, two cases were combined with demethylated drugs and CAG regimen, and one case was combined with Cladribine. Specific usage and dosage of Venetoclax: 100 mg on day 1, 200 mg on day 2, 400 mg on day 3-28, orally; when combined with azole antifungal drugs, dosage was reduced to 100 mg/d. Results: Fifteen patients (10 males and 5 females) with R/R ETP-ALL were treated with Venetoclax and multidrug chemotherapy with a median age of 35 (12-42) years old. Of 4 refractory and 11 relapsed patients, the efficacy was evaluated on the 21th day following combined chemotherapy: the overall response rate, the complete response (CR) rate, and the CR with incomplete hematological recovery (CRi) rate were 67.7% (10/15), 60.0% (9/15), and 6.7% (1/15), respectively. For the overall study population, the 12-month overall survival (OS) rate was 60.0%, and the median OS was 17.7 months. The disease-free survival (DFS) rate of all CR patients at 12 months was 60.0%, and the median DFS did not reach. About 14 patients had Ⅲ-Ⅳ hematological toxicity, but these adverse reactions were all controllable. No adverse reaction in the nervous system and tumor lysis syndrome occurred in this study, and no adverse reaction of organs above grade Ⅲ occurred. Conclusion: Venetoclax combined with multidrug chemotherapy may be a safe and promising treatment option for patients with R/R ETP-ALL.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Bridged Bicyclo Compounds, Heterocyclic/therapeutic use , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Precursor T-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/drug therapy , Precursor Cells, T-Lymphoid , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/drug therapy
3.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 410-415, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985939

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical efficacy of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) for patients with acute leukemia who are positive for the SET-NUP214 fusion gene (SET-NUP214+AL). Methods: This was a retrospective case series study. Clinical data of 18 patients with SET-NUP214+AL who received allo-HSCT in the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University and Soochow Hongci Hematology Hospital from December 2014 to October 2021 were retrospectively analyzed to investigate treatment efficacy and prognosis. The Kaplan-Meier method was used for survival analysis. Results: Of the 18 patients, 12 were male and 6 were female, and the median age was 29 years (range, 13-55 years). There were six cases of mixed phenotype acute leukemia (three cases of myeloid/T, two cases of B/T, one case of myeloid/B/T), nine cases of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) (one case of B-ALL and eight cases of T-ALL), and three cases of acute myeloid leukemia. All patients received induction chemotherapy after diagnosis, and 17 patients achieved complete remission (CR) after chemotherapy. All patients subsequently received allo-HSCT. Pre-transplantation status: 15 patients were in the first CR, 1 patient was in the second CR, 1 was in partial remission, and 1 patient did not reach CR. All patients were successfully implanted with stem cells. The median time of granulocyte and platelet reconstitution was +12 and +13 days, respectively. With a median follow-up of 23 (4-80) months, 15 patients survived, while 3 patients died. The cause of death was recurrence of SET-NUP214+AL after transplantation. After allo-HSCT, 5 patients relapsed. The estimated 3-year overall survival (OS) and relapse-free survival (RFS) rates were 83.3%±15.2% and 55.4%±20.7%, respectively. Among the 15 patients who achieved CR before transplantation, there was no significant difference in OS and RFS between haploidentical HSCT and matched sibling donor HSCT (all P>0.05). Conclusions: Allo-HSCT can improve the prognosis and long-term survival rate of patients with SET-NUP214+AL. Disease recurrence is the most important factor affecting long-term survival.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Retrospective Studies , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/methods , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/therapy , Survival Analysis , Remission Induction , Acute Disease , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/therapy , Recurrence , Nuclear Pore Complex Proteins
4.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 484-489, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984648

ABSTRACT

Objective: To assess the efficacy and safety of polymyxin B in neutropenic patients with hematologic disorders who had refractory gram-negative bacterial bloodstream infection. Methods: From August 2021 to July 2022, we retrospectively analyzed neutropenic patients with refractory gram-negative bacterial bloodstream infection who were treated with polymyxin B in the Department of Hematology of the First Affiliated Hospital of the Soochow University between August 2021 to July 2022. The cumulative response rate was then computed. Results: The study included 27 neutropenic patients with refractory gram-negative bacterial bloodstream infections. Polymyxin B therapy was effective in 22 of 27 patients. The median time between the onset of fever and the delivery of polymyxin B was 3 days [interquartile range (IQR) : 2-5]. The median duration of polymyxin B treatment was 7 days (IQR: 5-11). Polymyxin B therapy had a median antipyretic time of 37 h (IQR: 32-70). The incidence of acute renal dysfunction was 14.8% (four out of 27 cases), all classified as "injury" according to RIFLE criteria. The incidence of hyperpigmentation was 59.3%. Conclusion: Polymyxin B is a viable treatment option for granulocytopenia patients with refractory gram-negative bacterial bloodstream infections.


Subject(s)
Humans , Polymyxin B/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , Gram-Negative Bacterial Infections/complications , Fever/drug therapy , Sepsis/drug therapy , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Bacteremia/complications
5.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 413-417, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984638

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the efficacy and adverse reactions of a combination therapy regimen based on bortezomib and glucocorticoids in recurrent/refractory immune thrombocytopenic purpura (iTTP) . Methods: Six patients with recurrent/refractory TTP were included and treated with a glucocorticoid and two courses of bortezomib-based regimen. The clinical remission status of patients, changes in ADAMTS13 activity/ADAMTS13 inhibitor, and the occurrence of treatment-related adverse reactions were observed. Results: Of the 6 patients, 2 were males and 4 were females, with a median age of 21.5 (18-68) years. Refractory TTP was found in 1 case and recurrent TTP in 5 cases. Glucocorticoids were administered with reference to prednisone at 1 mg·kg(-1)·d(-1), and gradually reduced in dosage after achieving clinical remission. Bortezomib is subcutaneously administered at 1.3 mg/m(2) on days 1, 4, 8, and 11 with a 28-day treatment course consisting of 2 courses. Six patients achieved clinical remission after receiving bortezomib as the main treatment. ADMATS13 activity returned to normal in all patients with TTP after treatment, and the ADAMTS13 inhibitor turned negative. Thrombocytopenia is the most common adverse reaction after treatment, with other adverse reactions, including peripheral neuritis and abdominal pain, but ultimately all patients returned to normal. In a median follow-up of 26 (9-41) months, 5 patients maintained sustained remission, and 1 patient relapsed after 16 months of bortezomib treatment. Conclusion: Combination therapy of bortezomib and glucocorticoids has a satisfactory therapeutic effect and controllable adverse reactions for recurrent/refractory iTTP.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Bortezomib/therapeutic use , Glucocorticoids/therapeutic use , Rituximab/therapeutic use , Purpura, Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic/drug therapy , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic/drug therapy , ADAMTS13 Protein/therapeutic use
6.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 401-407, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984636

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical efficacy of fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) for treating steroid-refractory gastrointestinal acute graft-versus-host disease (GI-aGVHD) . Methods: This analysis included 29 patients with hematology who developed steroid-refractory GI-aGVHD after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) in Huaian Hospital Affiliated to Xuzhou Medical University from March 2017 to March 2022. Among them, 19 patients underwent FMT treatment (the FMT group) and 10 patients did not (the control group). The efficacy and safety of FMT were assessed, as well as the changes in intestinal microbiota abundance, lymphocyte subpopulation ratio, peripheral blood inflammatory cytokines, and GVHD biomarkers before and after FMT treatment. Results: ① Complete remission of clinical symptoms after FMT was achieved by 13 (68.4%) patients and 2 (20.0%) controls, with a statistically significant difference (P<0.05). Intestinal microbiota diversity increased and gradually recovered to normal levels after FMT and FMT-related infections did not occur. ②The proportion of CD3(+) and CD8(+) cells in the FMT group after treatment decreased compared with the control group, and the ratio of CD4(+), regulatory T cells (Treg), and CD4(+)/CD8(+) cells increased (all P< 0.05). The interleukin (IL) -6 concentration in the FMT group was lower than that in the control group [4.15 (1.91-5.71) ng/L vs 6.82 (2.40-8.91) ng/L, P=0.040], and the IL-10 concentration in the FMT group was higher than that in the control group [12.11 (5.69-20.36) ng/L vs 7.51 (4.10-9.58) ng/L, P=0.024]. Islet-derived protein 3α (REG3α) was significantly increased in patients with GI-aGVHD, and the REG3α level in the FMT group was lower than that in the control group after treatment [30.70 (10.50-105.00) μg/L vs 74.35 (33.50-139.50) μg/L, P=0.021]. Conclusion: FMT is a safe and effective method for the treatment of steroid-refractory GI-aGVHD by restoring intestinal microbiota diversity, regulating inflammatory cytokines, and upregulating Treg cells.


Subject(s)
Humans , Fecal Microbiota Transplantation/methods , Treatment Outcome , Graft vs Host Disease/etiology , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/adverse effects , Steroids
7.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 302-307, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984619

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the clinical characteristics and prognosis of adenovirus infection after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Methods: A total of 26 patients with adenovirus infection admitted to the posttransplant ward of the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University from 2018 to 2022 were enrolled. Their data on baseline and clinical characteristics, treatment, and follow-up were analyzed. Results: The median patient age was 30 (22, 44) years. Twenty-two patients received related haploid stem cell transplantation, three received unrelated stem cell transplantation, and one received umbilical cord stem cell transplantation. Antithymocyte globulin was included in the conditioning regimen in 25 patients. The median time of adenovirus infection was +95 (+44, +152) days. The median peripheral blood lymphocyte count was 0.30 (0.11, 0.69) × 10(9)/L. Twelve patients had acute graft-versus-host disease. Twenty-four patients received antirejection therapies at diagnosis. Sixteen cases had combined infection with other pathogens with adenovirus infection. Eight cases were diagnosed as asymptomatic infection, and 18 were diagnosed as adenovirus disease, including pneumonia (38.89% ) , gastrointestinal disease (38.89% ) , encephalitis (33.33% ) , hepatitis (5.56% ) , and urinary tract inflammation (5.56% ) . The age of >30 years was a risk factor for adenovirus disease (P=0.03) . Eighteen patients received tapering of immunosuppression, and all 26 patients received at least one antiviral drug. Other treatments included high-dose gamma globulin and donor lymphocyte infusion. Adenovirus infection improved in 10 cases and progressed in 16 cases. The median follow-up time was 30 (7, 237) days. Twenty-two patients died. The all-cause mortality rate was (88.5±7.1) % , and the attributable mortality rate was 45.5% . There was no significant difference in the 100 d survival rate between asymptomatic infected patients and patients diagnosed with adenovirus disease (37.5% vs 22.2% , HR=1.83, 95% CI 0.66-5.04, P=0.24) . Conclusion: The age of >30 years was a risk factor for adenovirus disease. Mortality was high in patients with adenovirus infection after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/adverse effects , Graft vs Host Disease/etiology , Antilymphocyte Serum/therapeutic use , Transplantation, Homologous/adverse effects , Adenoviridae Infections/therapy , Transplantation Conditioning/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies
8.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 43-47, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969706

ABSTRACT

Objective: To report the clinical manifestations and laboratory features of five patients with congenital thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (cTTP) and explore its standardized clinical diagnosis and treatment along with a review of literature. Methods: Clinical data of patients, such as age of onset, disease manifestation, personal history, family history, and misdiagnosed disease, were collected. Treatment outcomes, therapeutic effects of plasma infusion, and organ function evaluation were observed. The relationship among the clinical manifestations, treatment outcomes, and ADAMTS13 gene mutation of patients with cTTP was analyzed. Additionally, detection of ADAMTS13 activity and analysis of ADAMTS13 gene mutation were explored. Results: The age of onset of cTTP was either in childhood or adulthood except in one case, which was at the age of 1. The primary manifestations were obvious thrombocytopenia, anemia, and different degrees of nervous system involvement. Most of the patients were initially suspected of having immune thrombocytopenia. Acute cTTP was induced by pregnancy and infection in two and one case, respectively. ADAMTS13 gene mutation was detected in all cases, and there was an inherent relationship between the mutation site, clinical manifestations, and degree of organ injury. Therapeutic or prophylactic plasma transfusion was effective for treating cTTP. Conclusions: The clinical manifestations of cTTP vary among individuals, resulting in frequent misdiagnosis that delays treatment. ADAMTS13 activity detection in plasma and ADAMTS13 gene mutation analysis are important bases to diagnose cTTP. Prophylactic plasma transfusion is vital to prevent the onset of the disease.


Subject(s)
Female , Pregnancy , Humans , Adult , Blood Component Transfusion , Plasma , Purpura, Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic/therapy , Mutation , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic , ADAMTS13 Protein/therapeutic use
9.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 330-335, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935090

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the clinical characteristics, treatment response, and prognosis of newly diagnosed symptomatic multiple myeloma (MM) patients with systemic light chain amyloidosis (AL) . Methods: The clinical data of 160 patients with newly diagnosed MM treated at the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University from January 1, 2017 to October 31, 2018, were retrospectively analyzed. According to the histopathological biopsy results of bone marrow, skin, and other tissues, the patients were divided into two groups according to whether amyloidosis was combined or not, namely, the MM+AL group and the MM group. The clinical characteristics and treatment responses of the two groups were compared. Results: Among the 160 patients with newly diagnosed MM, there were 42 cases in the MM+AL group and 118 cases in the MM group. In terms of clinical features, the involved light chain and non-involved light chain (dFLC) in the MM+AL group was significantly higher than that in the MM group (P=0.039) . After induction treatment, the MM+AL group had a higher overall response rate (85.7%vs 79.7%, P<0.05) and higher excellent partial response (76.2%vs 55.1%, P<0.05) . After a median follow-up of 26 (0.25-41) months, there was no significant difference in the progression free survival and overall survival (OS) between the two groups (P>0.05) . The OS of patients in autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation group was better than that in non transplantation group (P<0.05) .The prognosis of patients with cardiac involvement in the MM+AL group was significantly worse than that in the MM group and MM+AL group without cardiac involvement (P<0.001) , with a median OS of only 13 months. Conclusion: The differential diagnosis between the MM+AL and MM groups requires histopathology, particularly for patients with significantly increased dFLC. The overall remission rate of patients in MM+AL group after 4 courses of induction chemotherapy was higher than that in MM group. The prognosis of patients with cardiac involvement in MM+AL group was poor.


Subject(s)
Humans , Amyloidosis/diagnosis , Immunoglobulin Light Chains , Immunoglobulin Light-chain Amyloidosis/therapy , Multiple Myeloma/therapy , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
10.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 247-254, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929565

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study aimed to explore the prognostic value of the revised international prognostic scoring system (IPSS-R) and the WHO prognostic scoring system (WPSS) in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). Methods: The clinical data of 184 patients with MDS who received allo-HSCT from July 2016 to June 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. IPSS-R and WPSS were performed at diagnosis and before transplantation. The prognostic values of IPSS-R and WPSS and potential risk factors were explored. Results: With a median follow-up of 21.9 (0.5-47.5) months, the two-year overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) rates were (75.1±3.4)% and (71.6±3.6)% , respectively. The two-year cumulative relapse rate and nonrelapse mortality rate were (11.9±0.1)% and (16.5±0.1)% , respectively. There were no significant differences in OS and PFS between the IPSS-R ≤3.5 and >3.5 groups at diagnosis (P=0.409; P=0.724). No significant differences in OS and PFS between the WPSS ≤2 and >2 groups (P=0.426; P=0.726) were observed as well. When the patients were reevaluated before transplantation, the OS and PFS of the IPSS-R ≤3.5 group were significantly better than >3.5 group [OS: (88.6±4.1)% vs (65.8±5.3)% , P=0.003; PFS: (87.6±4.2)% vs (60.5±5.8)% , P=0.002]. However, there were no significant differences in OS and PFS among the WPSS ≤2 and >2 groups (P=0.584; P=0.565). In addition, the OS and PFS of the improved group based on IPSS-R were significantly better than those of the unimproved group before transplantation [OS: (83.8±4.6)% vs (69.3±5.8)% , P=0.027; PFS: (82.8±4.4)% vs. (64.0±7.2)% , P=0.006]. Multivariate analysis indicated that a pretransplant IPSS-R of >3.5 (P=0.021, HR=2.510, 95% CI 1.151-5.476) and TP53 mutation (P=0.047, HR=2.460, 95% CI 1.014-5.971) were independent risk factors for OS, whereas a pretransplant IPSS-R of >3.5 (P=0.017, HR=2.457, 95% CI 1.175-5.141) and pretransplant cytogenetic poor and very poor (P=0.008, HR=2.765, 95% CI 1.305-5.856) were independent risk factors for PFS. Conclusion: A pretransplantation evaluation of IPSS-R could help determine the prognosis of patients with MDS undergoing allo-HSCT. In addition, patients with improved IPSS-R scores before undergoing allo-HSCT had a better prognosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Myelodysplastic Syndromes/therapy , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
11.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 501-505, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928743

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the characteristics of ADC value changes in DWI of newly diagnosed symptomatic MM patients and its correlation with R-ISS stage.@*METHODS@#The data of 148 newly diagnosed symptomatic MM patients treated by whole-body DWI scan at The First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University from June 2016 to June 2019 were selected and retrospectively analyzed and 30 cases of age-matched healthy people were selected as controls. The differences of ADC values between the patients in normal control group, DWI- group and DWI+ group were compared, and the relationship between ADC values and R-ISS stage in MM patients was compared.@*RESULTS@#The plasma cell percentage of the patients in DWI+ group was higher than those in DWI- group. ADC values of vertebra, sternum, rib, pectoral girdle, pelvic girdle of the patients in DWI+ group were significantly higher than those in DWI- group and normal control group. The ADC values of each part of the patients in DWI- group were higher than those in normal control group. ADC values of sternum, rib and pectoral girdle in the patients at R-ISS stage III were higher than those at R-ISS stage I and II, while, there was no statistical difference between R-ISS stage I and II groups. And there was no significant difference in ADC values of other bone parts such as vertebra and pelvic girdle in patients at R-ISS stage Ⅰ-Ⅲ.@*CONCLUSION@#DWI+ in MM patients is related to higher tumor invasion. The ADC values of the DWI+ group are higher than those of the DWI- group; the bone ADC values of the DWI- patients are still higher than the normal ones. And there is a certain relationship between ADC value and R-ISS stage.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bone Diseases , Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Multiple Myeloma/diagnostic imaging , Retrospective Studies , Whole Body Imaging
12.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 476-480, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928739

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of two different approaches ERRα strategy on the apoptosis in multiple myeloma cell line MM.1S.@*METHODS@#For the one strategy, shRNA was mediated by lentivirus. Stable cell clones were established by transfecting the lentivirus into MM.1S cells and screened by puromycin. For the other strategy, XCT790, a specific reverse agonist of ERRα, was used to treat MM.1S cells. The apoptosis of the cells was analyzed by flow cytometry after ERRα was down-regulated. Western blot assay was used to detect the apoptosis of related proteins.@*RESULTS@#The knocked down ERRα was achieved, lentivirus with shERRα were successfully infected into MM.1S and ERRα was reduced significantly. Knockdown of ERRα could induce MM.1S cell apoptosis dramatically. Meanwhile, the expression of cleaved PARP (a kind of apoptosis related markers) was significantly increased following depletion of ERRα in MM.1S cells. XCT790 could significantly down-regulate the expression of ERRα protein in MM.1S cells, which was consistent with the effect caused by shRNA.@*CONCLUSION@#Interference the expression of ERRα by shRNA or XCT790 can induce apparent apoptosis in MM.1S cells, which indicating that ERRα is crucial for the survival of myeloma cells.


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Lentivirus , Multiple Myeloma , RNA, Small Interfering/pharmacology , Receptors, Estrogen
13.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 361-366, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928721

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze and compare the effects of leukapheresis on hemostatic function in patients with hyperleukocytic leukemia.@*METHODS@#A total of 139 patients with AML, ALL and CML who underwent leukapheresis from June 2009 to February 2020 and did coagulation test before and after operation were included in this study. The clearance efficiency of each group and the difference among three groups were evaluated, as well as hemostatic function including platelet counts, coagulation indicators, CDSS score and incidence of adverse events. The difference of hemostatic function caused by leukapheresis in different leukemia patients were compared.@*RESULTS@#After leukapheresis, the WBC counts were decreased significantly in the three groups of patients (P<0.001), and the clearance efficiency was highest in ALL patients. However, the platelet counts also were decreased significantly (AML:P<0.001, ALL: P<0.001, CML: P<0.01) in the three groups of patients, particularly for acute leukemia patients with a positive correlation with WBC clearance efficiency(r=0.284). After leukapheresis, fibrinogen decreased, PT and APTT prolonged. For acute leukemia patients, higher CDSS score was related to an elevated incidence of bleeding events (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Leukapheresis is an effective method to decrease the leukemic burden, but it is necessary to monitor the impact on hemostatic function. It is recommended to assess the CDSS socre for acute leukemia patients, in order to identify the predictive value for bleedings.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acute Disease , Blood Coagulation , Blood Coagulation Tests , Hemorrhage , Hemostatics , Leukapheresis/methods , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/therapy
14.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 1369-1375, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969797

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the metabolite profile and metabolic pathways of newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (MM). Methods: Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) was employed for the high-throughput detection and identification of serum samples from 55 patients with MM and 37 healthy controls matched for age and sex from 2016 to 2017 collected at the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University. The relative standard deviation (RSD) of quality control (QC) samples was employed to validate the reproducibility of GC-MS approach. The differential metabolites between patients with MM and healthy controls were detected by partial least squares discrimination analysis (PLS-DA), and t-test with false discovery rate (FDR) correction. Metabolomics pathway analysis (MetPA) was employed to construct metabolic pathways. Results: There were 55 MM patients, including 34 males and 21 females. The median age was 60 years old (42-73 years old). There were 30 cases of IgG type, 9 cases of IgA type, 1 case of IgM type, 2 cases of non-secreted type, 1 case of double clone type and 12 cases of light chain type, including 3 cases of kappa light chain type and 9 cases of lambda light chain type. The result of QC sample test showed that the proportion of compounds with the RSD of the relative content of metabolites < 15% was 70.21% obtained by the reproducibility of GC-MS experimental data, which implied that the experimental data were reliable. A total of 17 metabolites were screened differently with the healthy control group, including myristic acid, hydroxyproline, cysteine, palmitic acid, L-leucine, stearic acid, methionine, phenylalanine, glycerin, serine, isoleucine, tyrosine, valine, citric acid, inositol, threonine, and oxalic acid (VIP>1, P<0.05). Metabolic pathway analysis suggested that metabolic disorders in MM patients comprised mainly phenylalanine metabolism, glyoxylic acid and dicarboxylic acid metabolism, phosphoinositide metabolism, cysteine and methionine metabolism, glycerolipid metabolism, glycine, serine, and threonine metabolism. Conclusion: Compared with normal people, patients with newly diagnosed MM have obvious differences in metabolic profiles and metabolic pathways.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Adult , Aged , Cysteine , Multiple Myeloma/diagnosis , Reproducibility of Results , Metabolome , Metabolomics/methods , Metabolic Networks and Pathways , Methionine , Serine , Phenylalanine , Threonine , Biomarkers
15.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1187-1194, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888537

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of chidamide combined with anti-myeloma drugs on the proliferation and apoptosis of myeloma cells.@*METHODS@#The proliferation inhibition of the cells was detected by CCK-8 method, and flow cytometry was used to detected the apoptosis of the cells.@*RESULTS@#Chidamide could inhibit the proliferation of myeloma cells and promote the apoptosis of primary myeloma plasma cells in a time- and dose-dependent manner (P<0.05). In NCI-H929 cell line, chidamide combined with low-dose bortezomib and lenalidomide showed synergistic effect, while combined with dexamethasone and pomalidomide showed additive effect. In MM.1s cell line, chidamide combined with bortezomib, dexamethasone, lenalidomide and pomalidomide all showed synergistic effects.@*CONCLUSION@#Chidamide inhibits proliferation of myeloma cells in a time- and dose-dependent manner and promotes apoptosis of primary myeloma plasma cells. Furthermore, it can enhance the inhibitory effect of anti-myeloma drugs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aminopyridines , Apoptosis , Benzamides , Bortezomib/pharmacology , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Multiple Myeloma , Pharmaceutical Preparations
16.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 869-875, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880161

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the correlation between pretransplant serum ferritin (SF) level and prolonged or prolonged isolated thrombocytopenia (PT) after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 35 patients with PT after allo-HSCT were retrospectively analyzed, and 35 patients were matched according to age and sex as a controls from 424 allo-HSCT patients with normal platelet count. The serum ferritin level before the transplantation was analyzed. The potential risk factors were analyzed by chi-square test and Fisher's exact test as well as univariate and multivariate logistic regression. The survival curve was estimated by the Kaplan-Meier model to explore its clinical significance. In addition, ROC curve was used to verify the predictive power of SF.@*RESULTS@#Compared with control group, the SF level in the PT group before transplantation significantly increased (P=0.001). Multivariate analysis results showed that SF level before transplantation was a risk factor for prolonged thrombocytopenia after HSCT, and patients with SF≥1000 ng / ml showed a higher risk of death (P=0.014). ROC curve showed that SF level could be used as a predictor of prolonged thrombocytopenia after allo-HSCT.@*CONCLUSION@#The SF level before allo-HSCT relates with occurrence and prognosis of PT in patients after allo-HSCT. Detection of SF level can provide guidance for the intervention of prolonged thrombocytopenia after HSCT.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ferritins , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Retrospective Studies , Thrombocytopenia , Transplantation, Homologous
17.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 653-660, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880129

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expression of WTAP gene in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and its clinical significance.@*METHODS@#74 acute myeloid leukemia patients with non-M3 type and 19 normal donors were selected, and real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction was used to detect the mRNA expression level of WTAP gene in their bone marrow cells. The relationship between the mRNA expression level of WTAP gene and the clinical characteristics was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The relative mRNA expression of WTAP gene in the non-M3 AML group was significantly higher than that in the healthy control group, and the difference showed statistically significant (P0.05) according to the classification of FAB. The mRNA expression level of WTAP gene in FLT3-ITD mutated AML patients was higher than that in FLT3-ITD unmutated group (P=0.016), and the mRNA expression level of WTAP gene in AML patients with CEBPα mutation was lower than that in CEBPα unmutated group (P=0.016). The expression level of WTAP mRNA was positively correlated with WT1 expression (r=0.6866, P0.05). The expression level of WTAP mRNA showed no obvious effect on the complete remission of patients after first treatment. The different expression level of WTAP gene at initial diagnosis showed also no effect on the overall survival time of patients.@*CONCLUSION@#The expression level of WTAP gene is increasing in new diagnosed non-M3 acute myeloid leukemia. There is a positive correlation between the expression level of WTAP gene and the expression level of WT1 fusion gene. WTAP mRNA always shows higher expression in patients with FLT3-ITD mutation than that in patients without FLT3-ITD mutation, and shows lower expression in patients with CEBPα mutation than that in unmutated group.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Cycle Proteins , Karyotype , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics , Mutation , Prognosis , RNA Splicing Factors , Remission Induction , fms-Like Tyrosine Kinase 3/genetics
18.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 322-327, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880076

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To construct an acute myeloid leukemia cell line stably expressing CD123-CLL1 so as to provide an "in vitro" model for studying the role of CD123 and CLL-1 in leukemia and the treatment targeting CD123 and CLL-1.@*METHODS@#The recombinant plasmid of lentivirus was constructed by synthesizing CD123 and CLL-1 sequences and PCR homologous recombination. The lentivirus vector was packaged by three-plasmid packaging system. After collecting the supernatant of lentivirus, the virus titer was determined by quantitative PCR. K562 leukemia cells were collected and transtected with virus supernatant. Leukemia cell line stably expressing the target gene were screened by purinomycin. The expression levels of CD123 and CLL-1 were detected by RT-PCR and flow cytometry.@*RESULTS@#The lentiviral vector was successfully constructed, and identified by agarose gel electrophoresis and gene sequencing, then the virus titer of the supernatant was up to 5.81×10@*CONCLUSION@#Lentiviral vector expressing CD123-CLL1 has been successfully constructed, and K562 leukemia cell line stably expressing CD123 and CLL-1 has been successfully obtained.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Line, Tumor , Genetic Vectors , Interleukin-3 Receptor alpha Subunit , K562 Cells , Lentivirus/genetics , Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell/genetics , Plasmids , Transfection
19.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1831-1836, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922343

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the safety and efficacy of BUCY (busulfan and cyclophosphamide) conditioning regimen for autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (ASCT) in patients with multiple myeloma (MM).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 72 MM patients received transplantation in the Hematology Department of the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University from May 2012 to June 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. Among them, 36 patients received BUCY conditioning regimen while the others received high-dose melphalan (HDM) conditioning regimen. The complication, post-transplantation hematopoietic reconstitution and efficacy between the two groups were compared.@*RESULTS@#There were no significant differences in sex, age, isotype, stage, induction therapy, mobilization method and proportion of conditioning regimen with Bortezomib between the two groups. The median time of neutrophil engraftment for the patients in BUCY and HDM groups was 10 (8-17) and 10 (9-13) d (P=0.046), and the median time of platelet engraftment was 10 (8-18) and 11 (9-47) d (P=0.017), respectively. The transplant related mortality of the patients in both groups was 2.7%. The CR rates of the patients after ASCT (38.9% and 50.0%) were higher than those before ASCT (27.8% and 19.4%) in the two groups. For the patients in BUCY group, the median follow-up time was 45 (0-61) months. Fifteen patients (41.7%) achieved disease progression. While for the patients in HDM group, the median follow-up time was 52(0-75) months. Twenty-two patients (61.1%) achieved disease progression.@*CONCLUSION@#The BUCY conditioning regimen is a safe and effective therapy for ASCT in patients with MM. Besides, in terms of safety and efficacy, BUCY regimen is not inferior to HDM regimen. BUCY regimen may replace HDM regimen as a standard conditioning regimen for ASCT in MM.


Subject(s)
Humans , Busulfan , Cyclophosphamide , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Multiple Myeloma/therapy , Retrospective Studies
20.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1982-1986, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922236

ABSTRACT

Chimeric antigen receptor T cell (CAR-T) therapy was awarded as the largest research breakthrough in 2017 by the American Society of Clinical Oncology, at present, it is rapidly becoming the most promising new treatment for hematological malignancies. However, this therapy also produces a new challenge: toxic adverse events such as cytokine release syndrome (CRS) and neurotoxicity, partial of them can bring death to the patients. The incidence and severity of the above toxic events in different multi-center trial reports are also different, which may be attributed to the different in the considerably variable assessment and grading of toxicities between clinical trials and across institutions. The ASTCT published at 2018 advanced the consensus grading for cytokine release syndrome and neurologic toxicity associated with immune effector cells, it was focusing on CRS and neurotoxicity associated with immune effector cells. In order to provide reference for the development of relevant work in this field and the formulation of security strategies in our country, the main content of the consensus was summarized briefly.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell- and Tissue-Based Therapy , Consensus , Cytokine Release Syndrome , Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell , Receptors, Chimeric Antigen
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