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1.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 114-121, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971160

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effects of human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (hUCMSCs) combined with autologous Meek microskin transplantation on patients with extensive burns. Methods: The prospective self-controlled study was conducted. From May 2019 to June 2022, 16 patients with extensive burns admitted to the 990th Hospital of PLA Joint Logistics Support Force met the inclusion criteria, while 3 patients were excluded according to the exclusion criteria, and 13 patients were finally selected, including 10 males and 3 females, aged 24-61 (42±13) years. A total of 20 trial areas (40 wounds, with area of 10 cm×10 cm in each wound) were selected. Two adjacent wounds in each trial area were divided into hUCMSC+gel group applied with hyaluronic acid gel containing hUCMSCs and gel only group applied with hyaluronic acid gel only according to the random number table, with 20 wounds in each group. Afterwards the wounds in two groups were transplanted with autologous Meek microskin grafts with an extension ratio of 1∶6. In 2, 3, and 4 weeks post operation, the wound healing was observed, the wound healing rate was calculated, and the wound healing time was recorded. The specimen of wound secretion was collected for microorganism culture if there was purulent secretion on the wound post operation. In 3, 6, and 12 months post operation, the scar hyperplasia in wound was assessed using the Vancouver scar scale (VSS). In 3 months post operation, the wound tissue was collected for hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining to observe the morphological changes and for immunohistochemical staining to observe the positive expressions of Ki67 and vimentin and to count the number of positive cells. Data were statistically analyzed with paired samples t test and Bonferronni correction. Results: In 2, 3, and 4 weeks post operation, the wound healing rates in hUCMSC+gel group were (80±11)%, (84±12)%, and (92±9)%, respectively, which were significantly higher than (67±18)%, (74±21)%, and (84±16)% in gel only group (with t values of 4.01, 3.52, and 3.66, respectively, P<0.05). The wound healing time in hUCMSC+gel group was (31±11) d, which was significantly shorter than (36±13) d in gel only group (t=-3.68, P<0.05). The microbiological culture of the postoperative wound secretion specimens from the adjacent wounds in 2 groups was identical, with negative results in 4 trial areas and positive results in 16 trial areas. In 3, 6, and 12 months post operation, the VSS scores of wounds in gel only group were 7.8±1.9, 6.7±2.1, and 5.4±1.6, which were significantly higher than 6.8±1.8, 5.6±1.6, and 4.0±1.4 in hUCMSC+gel group, respectively (with t values of -4.79, -4.37, and -5.47, respectively, P<0.05). In 3 months post operation, HE staining showed an increase in epidermal layer thickness and epidermal crest in wound in hUCMSC+gel group compared with those in gel only group, and immunohistochemical staining showed a significant increase in the number of Ki67 positive cells in wound in hUCMSC+gel group compared with those in gel only group (t=4.39, P<0.05), with no statistically significant difference in the number of vimentin positive cells in wound between the 2 groups (P>0.05). Conclusions: The application of hyaluronic acid gel containing hUCMSCs to the wound is simple to perform and is therefore a preferable route. Topical application of hUCMSCs can promote healing of the autologous Meek microskin grafted area in patients with extensive burns, shorten wound healing time, and alleviate scar hyperplasia. The above effects may be related to the increased epidermal thickness and epidermal crest, and active cell proliferation.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Burns/surgery , Cicatrix , Eosine Yellowish-(YS) , Hyaluronic Acid/therapeutic use , Hyperplasia , Ki-67 Antigen , Prospective Studies , Umbilical Cord , Vimentin
2.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 186-193, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928292

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical efficacy of locking plate fixation with a fibular strut allograft (FA group) and locking plate fixation alone (LP group) in the treatment of proximal humeral fractures in adults by Meta-analysis.@*METHODS@#Databases including PubMed, The Cochrane Library, Embase, Chinese BioMedical Literature Database(CBM), China National Knowledge Infrastructure(CNKI), WanFang Data, and China Science and Technology Journal Database (cpvip Database) were searched by computer from establishing to March 2020 to collect studies about locking plate fixation with fibular strut allograft versus locking plate fixation alone for proximal humeral fractures in adults. Two reviewers independently screened literature, extracted data, and assessed the risk of bias of included studies. The postoperative humeral head height changes, neck-shaft angle changes, Constant-Murley score, American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons(ASES)score, visual analogue scale(VAS), varus malunion rate, and screw penetration rate were compared by RevMan 5.3 software for Meta-analysis.@*RESULTS@#Ten cohort studies were enrolled in a total of 749 patients, 300 patients in the FA group and 449 patients in the LP group. The results of Meta-analysis showed that locking plate with fibular strut allograft was superior to locking plate fixation alone in the changes in humeral head height [MD=-2.69, 95%CI(-3.24, -2.13), P<0.000 01], the changes in neck-shaft angle [MD=-5.65, 95%CI(-7.18, -4.12), P<0.000 01], Constant-Murley score [MD=9.00, 95%CI(4.26, 13.73), P=0.000 2], the ASES score [MD=5.56, 95%CI(4.29, 6.84), P=0.000 01], VAS score [MD=-0.23, 95%CI(-0.37, -0.09), P=0.001], the varus malunion rate [RR=0.22, 95%CI(0.09, 0.53), P=0.000 7] and the screw penetration rate [RR=0.26, 95%CI(0.13, 0.55), P=0.000 3], respectively.While there was no significant difference in the rate of osteonecrosis of the humeral head [RR=1.18, 95%CI(0.57, 2.45), P=0.65].@*CONCLUSION@#For proximal humeral fractures in adults, current evidence shows that locking plate fixation with fibular strut allograft is superior to single locking plate fixation in improving postoperative radiological outcomes and shoulder function, relieving postoperative pain, reducing varus malunion rate and screw penetration rate. However, the efficacy in decreasing the osteonecrosis rate is not clear. Due to limited quality and quantity of the included studies, more high-quality studies are required to verify the above conclusion.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Allografts , Bone Plates , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Humeral Fractures , Retrospective Studies , Shoulder Fractures/surgery , Treatment Outcome
3.
Journal of China Pharmaceutical University ; (6): 628-634, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829565

ABSTRACT

@#The access negotiations of National Reimbursement Drug List (NRDL) in China from 2017 to 2019 effectively improved the availability and affordability of high-value innovative drugs. However,the actual outpatient reimbursement of most negotiated drugs is lower,which affects the patients" health insurance funds. In this paper,97 negotiated drugs in 337 overall planning cities were selected as samples to analyze the outpatient reimbursement for negotiated drugs. The results showed that the reimbursement level of 40 negotiated drugs was less than 50% in over 70% cities,which can be mainly interpreted as absence or imperfection of outpatient reimbursement policies for special diseases. Finally,this paper puts forward suggestions and protocols for improving the outpatient medical insurance through realizing outpatient overall planning,improving outpatient reimbursement policies for special diseases,and exploring innovative payment,ensuring the achievement of the access to NRDL.

4.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1037-1040, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-323759

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the difference in the clinical efficacy on ankylosing spondylitis (AS) between the combined therapy of moxibustion along the governor vessel and the conception vessel and salazosulfapyridine (SASP) and the routine moxibustion.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Sixty-two patients of AS were randomized into two groups, 31 cases in each one with one case dnopping separately. In the two groups, SASP was prescribed for oral administration. In the observation group, the self-prepared moxa powder, ginger granules and moxa wool were placed on the back, from Dazhui (GV 14) to Yaoshu (GV 2) and on the abdomen, from the inferior of the xiphoid process to the upper border of symphsis pubis, covering the running of the governor vessel and the conception vessel. In the control group, the routine moxibustion therapy was used, in which, the moxa box was placed on the back and abdomen alternatively. Each treatment lasted 2 h, once every 7 days, 3 treatments as one session. After 3 sessions of treatment, the symptom score, visual analogue scale (VAS) score, time of morning stiffness, Schober test, occiput-to-wall distance and thoracic mobility were observed before and after treatment. The clinical efficacy was evaluated in the two groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The total effective rate was 86.7% (26/30) in the observation group, better than 73.3% (22/30) in the control group. The efficacy in the observation group was better than that in the control group (<0.05). All of the observation indices after treatment were improved apparently as compared with those before treatment in the two groups (all<0.01). After treatment, the improvements in the symptom score, VAS score, time of morning stiffness and Schober test in the observation group were better apparently than those in the control group (all<0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>On the basis of treatment with SASP, moxibustion along the governor vessel and the conception vessel achieves the definite efficacy on AS, better than the routine moxibustion therapy.</p>

5.
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12): 615-619, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-465363

ABSTRACT

[ ABSTRACT ] AIM: To investigate the expression and clinical significance of bone morphogenetic protein 3 (BMP3) in hilar cholangiocarcinoma tissues.METHODS: Thirty cases of hilar cholangiocarcinoma specimens were col-lected.The expression of BMP3 at mRNA and protein levels in the tumor tissues and paracancerous tissues was detected by real-time PCR and Western blot.The hilar cholangiocarcinoma paraffin-embedded specimens (n=103) were collected. The protein expression of BMP3 was determined by immunohistochemical method, and the relationship of BMP3 protein ex-pression with clinical pathological characteristics was evaluated.RESULTS:In the 30 patients with hilar cholangiocarcino-ma, the expressions of BMP3 protein and mRNA in 22 cases of tumor tissues were significantly decreased compared with the adjacent normal tissues.The results of immunohistochemistry showed that 87 cases were negative and 16 cases were weakly positive in all 103 cases of hilar cholangiocarcinoma.The expression of BMP3 protein was associated with the tumor TNM staging, lymph node metastasis and tumor differentiation (P<0.05).CONCLUSION:BMP3 gene might be inhibited in human hilar cholangiocarcinoma.The down-regulation of BMP3 gene might be associated with the carcinogenesis and devel-opment of hilar cholangiocarcinoma.

6.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 253-256, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-309725

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the influence of the reference values for semen analysis proposed in the 5th edition of the WHO Laboratory Manual for the Examination and Processing of Human Semen on the indication spectrum for intrauterine insemination (IUI).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 111 cycles of IUI by the reference values for semen analysis in the 4th edition of the WHO Laboratory Manual (group A) and 84 cycles by the 5th edition (group B). We recorded and compared the percentages of various indications for IUI between the two groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The complications for IUI in groups A and B were as follows: asthenospermia (87.4% [97/111] vs 55.9% [47/84], P < 0.05), oligospermia (0 vs 0), teratospermia (51.4% [57/111] vs 35.7% [30/84]) , abnormal liquefaction (0.9% [1/111] vs O) , sexual dysfunction and genital malformation (0 vs 3.6% [3/84] , immune infertility (0.9% [ 1/111] vs O), and unexplained infertility (3.6% [4/111] vs 2. 4% [2/84 ] ). There were no significant differences between the two groups in the percentages of all the indications except that of asthenospermia.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The reference values for semen analysis proposed in the 5th edition of the WHO Laboratory Manual for the Examination and Processing of Human Semen have an evident influence on the indication spectrum for IUI by largely reducing the cases of IUI for male factors, prolonging the cycles of some patients, causing excessive diagnosis and treatment for females, and increasing their mental and economic burdens.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Pregnancy , Contraindications , Insemination, Artificial , Reference Values , Retrospective Studies , Semen , Semen Analysis , World Health Organization
7.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 111-115, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-418347

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo evaluate the feasibility of a three-dimensional (3 D) operation planning system for precise hepatectomy in patients with giant hcpatocellular carcinoma (HCC).MethodsThe clinical data of 34 patients with giant HCC who received precise hepatectomy at the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University from May 2009 to May 2011 were retrospectively analyzed.Preoperative evaluation was done based on the computed tomography data,and the resection margin and the volume of resectcd liver were calculated using simulation.The predicted resected liver volume and resection margins were compared with the results of the actual operations.All data were analyzed using the t test,and the correlation between predicted and the actual values was analyzed by calculating Pearson correlation coefficients.Results Hepatic and tumor tissues and the hepatic vessels were reconstructed three-dimensionally using the 3D preoperative simulation software.The volume of simulated resected liver and the length of resection margin were ( 2112 ± 1550 ) ml and ( 12 ± 6) mm,respectively,while the volume of actual resected liver and the length of resection margin were (2031 ± 1411 )ml and ( 12 ± 6)mm,respectively.The predicted and the actual values were statistically correlated ( r =0.961,0.923,P < 0.05 ).There was no significant difference between the predicted and the actual values ( t =1.549,1.143,P > 0.05 ).All patients received precise hepatectomy,and no hepatic failure or death was observed. Conclusion The 3D operation planning system can accurately evaluate the condition of the liver and simulate hepatectomy,and could contribute to safer and more curative precise hepatectomy in patients with giant HCC.

8.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 186-189, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-389906

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the application of 64-slice computed tomography (CT) and software-assisted image analysis in preoperative evaluation and surgical planning of hilar cholangiocarcinoma. Methods The clinical data of six patients with hilar cholangiocarcinoma who were admitted to The First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University from June to December, 2009 were retrospectively analyzed. All six patients underwent 64-slice CT scanning before the operation, and then three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction of the liver, tumor, blood vessels and bile ducts was achieved with the assistance of Myrian (R) XP-Hepatic software. The relationships of the tumor, blood vessels and bile ducts were illustrated in the 3D model. Virtual liver resection was carried out for surgical planning. Results The 3D models of the liver, tumor, blood vessels and bile ducts were successfully constructed . The 3D models were able to be rotated and magnified as necessary. Preoperative evaluation and surgical planning were in accordance with actual surgery. The relative accuracy of the software-assisted image analysis system for calculating the hepatic volume to be resected was 5%. Patients recovered well without occurrence of hepatic failure. Conclusion Sixty-four-slice CT scanning and software-assisted image analysis are important for preoperative evaluation and surgical planning of hilar cholangiocarcinoma.

9.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences ; (6): 345-350, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-344323

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of synthetic drug QTY06 on chronic airway inflammation and mucoprotein expression induced by intratracheal (i.t) instillation of lipopolysaccharide (LPS).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Chronic airway inflammation was induced by i.t instillation of LPS in rats. Phospholipids content and the number of leucocytes in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF), pathological and immunochemical changes were examined 3 weeks after LPS instillation. The effect of QTY06 on chronic airway inflammation was observed.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>After treatment with QTY06, phospholipids in BALF was significantly increased, and the percentages of neutrophils and lymphocytes were decreased as well as the total number of leucocytes. Compared with the model group, pathological examination showed that tracheitis, bronchitis and pulmonary interstitial inflammation in QTY06 groups were significantly attenuated; epithelial damage was alleviated, infiltration of inflammatory cells reduced and the number of goblet cells decreased. QTY06 significantly decreased MUC5ac expression in trachea and bronchiole epithelium, and reduced the optical density and mucins area (%) as detected by image analysis in rats with chronic airway inflammation.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>QTY06 can reduce and inhibit the chronic airway inflammation induced by LPS in rats, and increase the content of phospholipids in pulmonary surfactant and inhibit the hypersecretion of airway mucins.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Bronchitis , Drug Therapy , Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid , Chemistry , Lipopolysaccharides , Mucin 5AC , Bodily Secretions , Phospholipids , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Respiratory Mucosa , Bodily Secretions
10.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences ; (6): 357-363, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-344321

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of Spearmint oil on inflammation, oxidative alteration and Nrf2 expression in rats with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease(COPD).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>COPD model was induced by intratracheal instillation of Klebsiella pneumonia and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) for 12 weeks in rats, and COPD rats were treated with Spearmint oil for 3 weeks. After COPD was induced, the pathological changes, changes in leucocyte number in blood and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF), MDA in lung homogenate and Nrf2 expression were observed. The effects of Spearmint oil on these changes were determined.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Spearmint oil 100 mg*kg(-1)significantly reduced leucocyte numbers in BALF, and attenuated bronchiolitis, pulmonary interstitial inflammation and inflammation cell infiltration. Spearmint oil 30-300 mg*kg(-1)decreased the destruction of pulmonary alveolus and the thickness of bronchioles walls, and inhibited goblet cell proliferation. Spearmint oil significantly reduced MDA in lung homogenate, and decreased the expression of Nrf2 protein in lung tissues.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Spearmint oil has protective effect on lung injury in COPD rats, since it improves pulmonary inflammation,oxidative alteration, and enhances Nrf2 protein expression.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Klebsiella pneumoniae , Lipopolysaccharides , Mentha spicata , Chemistry , NF-E2-Related Factor 2 , Metabolism , Oils, Volatile , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Oxidative Stress , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
11.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2028-2036, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-307537

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>Chinese jianpi herbal recipe Weichangan (WCA) could increase the survival rate of advanced gastric cancer. This study was designed to investigate the molecular mechanism of WCA in treatment of gastric cancer by cDNA array, real-time quantitative PCR and immunohistochemical technique.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>A human gastric adenocarcinoma cell line SGC-7901 grafted onto nude mouse was used as the animal model. The mice were divided into 3 groups, one control and the two representing experimental conditions. Animals in the two experimental groups received either WCA over a 34-day period or 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) over 6-day period starting at 8th day after grafting. Control animals received saline on an identical schedule. Animals were killed 41 days after being grafted. To assess the effect of therapy tumor weight was determined by a electron balance immediately after the animals killed. SP immunohistochemical method was used to detect the expression of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) in xenografts. For detection of apoptotic cells, apoptotic indices (AI) were examined by the terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated deoxyuridine triphosphate fluorescence nick end labeling (TUNEL) method. SP method was also used to detect the expression of cleaved Caspase-3. The expression profiles in paired WCA treated gastric cancer samples and the N. S. control samples were studied by using a cDNA array representing 14, 181 cDNA clusters. The alterations in gene expression levels were confirmed by real-time quantitative PCR. SP method was used to detect the expression of Phospho-Stat3 (Tyr705) and bcl-2.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>When compared with controls, tumor growth was significantly inhibited by treatment with the WCA or 5-FU (P < 0.01, respectively). The average of tumor inhibitory rate in WCA group was (44.32 +/- 5.67)% and 5-FU (47.04 +/- 11.33)%. The average labeling index (LI) for PCNA in WCA group and 5-FU group was significantly decreased compared with the control group respectively. AI of human gastric cancer xenografts in nude mice was significantly increased to (9.72 +/- 4.51)% using TUNEL method in WCA group compared with the controls (2.45 +/- 1.37)%. 5-FU group was also found a significantly increased AI compared with the controls. The expression of cleaved Caspase-3 in WCA group and 5-FU group was significantly increased compared with the control group respectively. There were 45 different expression ESTs among the control sample pool and WCA sample pool. There were 24 ESTs up-regulated in WCA samples and 21 ESTs down-regulated. These 45 ESTs contains 35 cloned genes and 11 unknown ESTs. By using Real-time Quantitative PCR, the expression level of Stat3 (2(-deltadeltaCT) = 0.16) , RIPX (2(-deltadeltaCT) = 0.18), ROD1 (2(-deltadeltaCT) = 0.23) and bcl-2 (2 (-deltadeltaCT) = 0.10) was lower in WCA group than that in control group respectively. The expression of Phospho-Stat3 (Tyr705) and bcl-2 in WCA group and 5-FU group was significantly decreased compared with the control group respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Chinese jianpi herbal recipe WCA could inhibit gastric cancer cell SGC-7901 growth in vivo. WCA could induce gastric cancer cell apoptosis and suppress proliferation. Its mechanisms might be involved in the down-regulation of Stat3, RIPX, ROD1 and bcl-2 gene.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Male , Mice , Adenocarcinoma , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Pathology , Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Apoptosis , Caspase 3 , Metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Drug Combinations , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Expressed Sequence Tags , Fluorouracil , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Gene Expression Profiling , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Mice, Nude , Nerve Tissue Proteins , Metabolism , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Polypyrimidine Tract-Binding Protein , Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen , Metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 , Metabolism , RNA-Binding Proteins , Metabolism , STAT3 Transcription Factor , Metabolism , Stomach Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Pathology , Xenograft Model Antitumor Assays , Methods
12.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 319-322, 2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-350948

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the distribution of toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) in rats' respiratory tract. To study the influence of LPS and Eucalyptus globulus oil on the distribution of TMR4.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The Sprague-Dawley rats were intratracheally instilled with lipopolysaccharide (LPS,2 mg x kg(-1) per day) for two days to induce acute lung injury. The rats were sacrificed at 72 hours after LPS instillation. Lung morphology was studied. Leukocytes in Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) were measured and TLR4 were detected by immunohistochemistry.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The result of immunohistochemistry showed that TLR4 distributed widely in common rats' respiratory tract. In the group of acute lung injury, the number of leucocyte in BALF was increased apparently, the inflammation in bronchus and bronchioles was more apparently than that of the control group in morphology. And the expression of TLR4 was reinforced in main bronchus and bronchioles. In the group of E. globules oil (300 mg x kg(-1)), the leucocyte number was decreased apparently in BALF, the inflammation was lightened and the expression of TLR4 decreased as compared with the group of models.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The expression of TLR4 distributes widely in rats' respiratory tract. The stimulation of LPS can reinforce the expression of TLR4. The E. globules oil can reduce the increase of TLR4 induced by LPS in bronchioles.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal , Pharmacology , Bronchi , Metabolism , Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid , Cell Biology , Eucalyptus , Chemistry , Leukocyte Count , Lipopolysaccharides , Lung , Pathology , Oils, Volatile , Pharmacology , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Respiratory Distress Syndrome , Metabolism , Pathology , Toll-Like Receptor 4 , Metabolism
13.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 882-884, 2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-300595

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To summarize the experience of surgical resection of 103 hilar cholangiocarcinoma.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>One hundred and three consecutive cases of hilar cholangiocarcinoma who underwent surgical resection at our hospital over the past ten years were reviewed retrospectively. The clinical data and long-term outcome were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Out of 103 cases, 43 patients underwent radical resection (41.7%), and 60 patients underwent palliative resection. There were 34 patients developed postoperative complications and 8 patients died in hospital. For the radical resection group, the median survival time was 29.9 months and 1-year, 3-year, 5-year survival rate was 69.6%, 42.0%, 20.9%, respectively, which was significant greater than 34.1%, 10.2%, 0 of the palliative resection group (P < 0.05). Over the past five years, 42 cases underwent pre-operative drainage of bile and the rate of combined liver resection reached 53.8%. The tumor radical resection rate has increased to 45.7%, the median survival time have reached 24.7 months (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Improvement of pre-operative management, intraoperative pathology for resection margin, and combined liver resection may help in increasing the radical resection rate. Radical resection can improve postoperative survival, and produce a satisfactory outcome for patient with hepatic hilar cholangiocarcinoma.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Bile Duct Neoplasms , Mortality , General Surgery , Bile Ducts, Intrahepatic , Cholangiocarcinoma , Mortality , General Surgery , Digestive System Surgical Procedures , Methods , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate
14.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 1617-1619, 2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-334445

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To retrospectively investigate the diagnosis and the outcome of Caroli's disease treated by surgical procedures.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data of 68 patients with Caroli's disease treated by surgical procedures between 1996 and 2002 were reviewed, retrospectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The patients, with a M/F ratio of 1:1.35 and a mean age of 46, presented mainly with recurrent cholangitis. Of all the patients, 26 had a history of operation for cholelithiasis or cholangitis. On admission, the image investigations suggested that the lesions located at left lobe in 44 patients, right lobe in 9 patients, and whole liver in 15 patients. The coexisting cyst in common bile duct was found in 20 patients. The malignant transformation was found in 5 patients (8.8%). Hepatectomy was performed in 82.4% of patients, with a morbidity rate of 15.0% and mortality rate of 0 after the surgery. The long-term outcome of symptom-free in hepatectomy group was 90.2%, significantly higher than the 33.3% in non-hepatectomy group (P < 0.01) after a 3 to 10 years of follow-up.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Hepatectomy offers a curative procedure for local Caroli's disease, and liver transplantation is a good option for diffuse sufferers.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Caroli Disease , General Surgery , Follow-Up Studies , Hepatectomy , Liver Transplantation , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
15.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 395-399, 2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-334156

ABSTRACT

The aim of the present study was to observe whether protein tyrosine kinase (PTK) within the nucleus tractus solitarius (NTS) was involved in the regulation of ventilatory responses of peripheral chemoreflex. The experiments were performed on anesthetized, immobilized and artificially ventilated rabbits. Peripheral chemoreflex was elicited by ventilating the animal with 10% O2-balance 90% N2. Changes in the peak amplitude and frequency of integrated phrenic nerve activity were observed. The ventilatory responses of peripheral chemoreflex following 0.1 microl microinjection within the NTS of either PTK inhibitor genistein (10 mol/L), AMPA glutamate receptor inhibitor CNQX (10 mol/L),or inactive PTK inhibitor daidzein (10 mol/L) were recorded. The results are as follows: Both genistein and CNQX attenuated the ventilatory responses of peripheral chemoreflex, while no changes occurred following daidzein. The amplitude of integrated phrenic nerve discharge and the phrenic burst frequency were decreased by (-21.77+/-6.93)% and (-24.70+/-7.61)% respectively after administration of genistein. CNQX resulted in similar decreases in the amplitude of phrenic nerve discharge (-27.13+/-7.63)% and the burst frequency (-21.34+/-4.88)%. In addition, the inhibitory effects of CNQX and genistein were the same whether they were applied alone or one after another, indicating that they had no cooperative effects. The results obtained suggest that PTK within the NTS regulates the peripheral chemoreflex control of respiration and that this regulation of PTK may be mediated through the phosphorylation of AMPA receptors in NTS neurons.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Male , Rabbits , Brain Stem , Physiology , Chemoreceptor Cells , Physiology , Protein-Tyrosine Kinases , Physiology , Receptors, AMPA , Physiology , Respiration , Solitary Nucleus
16.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 168-171, 2004.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-276588

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the effect of Eucalyptus globulus oil on bronchiolitis and mucin hypersecretion in chronic bronchitis induced by lipopolysaccharide in rats.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Rat model was established by intratracheal instillation of lipopolysaccharide 0.2 mg. Pathological changes, alteration in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) and immunohistochemistry characters were examined after 3 weeks and the effect of E. globulus oil was observed.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Characters of pathological manifestations of chronic bronchitis were found after instillation of LPS. Inflammatory cell infiltration and bronchiolitis severity were significantly reduced after administration of E. globulus oil. Especially in 300 mg x kg(-1) treated rats, there were significant decreases of mucin content in BALF and MUC5ac expression in trachea and bronchiole epithelium. Optical density and mucins area% detected by image analysis system were apparently lower than those in model group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>E. globulus oil has the anti-inflammatory effect on chronic bronchitis induced by lipopolysaccharide in rats and the inhibitio effect on hypersecretion of airway mucins.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal , Pharmacology , Bronchitis, Chronic , Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid , Chemistry , Eucalyptus , Chemistry , Mucins , Bodily Secretions , Oils, Volatile , Pharmacology , Plant Leaves , Chemistry , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Polysaccharides, Bacterial , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
17.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 179-181, 2003.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-265085

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the effect of silicon dioxide (SiO(2)) on the activation of nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) in THP-1 cell line.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>THP-1 cells were incubated with a series of doses of SiO(2) (0, 100, 200 micro g/ml). The location of NF-kappaB p65 subunit (NF-kappaB/p65) in THP-1 cells was detected by immunofluorescence and laser scanning confocal microscope (LSCM). The expression of NF-kappaB/p65 in nuclei was measured by Western blot analysis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The majority of fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC)-labelled NF-kappaB/p65 located in the nuclei 30 min after stimulation by 100 micro g/ml SiO(2), whereas the FITC-labelled NF-kappaB/p65 were mainly seen in the plasma of normal control cells. The expression of NF-kappaB/p65 in THP-1 nuclear protein was low in control group (0 micro g/ml SiO(2)) while it increased after stimulation by 100 micro g/ml SiO(2) and 200 micro g/ml SiO(2) for 15 min and 30 min. The level of NF-kappaB/p65 was comparatively increased with the increasing of doses and time. Lipopolysaccharides (LPS), an activator of NF-kappaB, had similar effect as SiO(2) on the activation of NF-kappaB/p65 in THP-1 cells.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>SiO(2) could activate and internalize NF-kappaB in the THP-1 cell line.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Blotting, Western , Cell Line , Cell Nucleus , Metabolism , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Fluorescent Antibody Technique, Indirect , Microscopy, Confocal , NF-kappa B , Metabolism , Silicon Dioxide , Pharmacology
18.
Chinese Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation ; (12)2003.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-575293

ABSTRACT

Objective To further investigate the threshold value and the dose-effect relationship of infrasound on the rat pallium, and to observe the effects on the pallium's ultrastructure. Methods Rats were exposed to 16 Hz, 90 dB infrasound for 2 hours daily. With a transmission electron microscope, changes in the ultrastructure of the cortex of the rats' parietal lobes were observed 2 hours, 3 days and 7 days after the treatment. Results There were no changes in the ultrastructure of the pallium in rats which had been exposed for 7 days or 14 days. Denaturation appeared when the rats had been exposed for 21 days, 28 days or 35 days. Denaturation become more serious as the exposure time increased beyond 21 days. Denaturation and damage gradually returned to normal with time after exposure. Conclusion 16 Hz, 90 dB infrasound exposure over an extended time may cause denaturation and other changes in the ultrastructure of the pallium in rats. Such changes can return to normal with time.

19.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences ; (6): 315-326, 2003.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-231059

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the effect of eucalyptus globulus oil on the activity of nuclear factor-kappaB(NF-kappaB) in THP-1 cell line.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>THP-1 cells were cultured with or without eucalyptus globulus oil at different concentrations (1, 10, 100 mg x L(-1), 30 min) before being stimulated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS, 1 mg x L(-1), 30 min). The location of NF-kappaB p65 subunit (NF-kappaB/p65) in THP-1 cells was detected by indirect immunofluorescence and laser scanning confocal microscope. The expression of NF-kappaB/p65 in nuclei was measured by Western-blot analysis.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The FITC-label NF-kappaB/p65 was mainly located in the nuclei after THP-1 cells were stimulated with LPS. Whereas, no fluorescence were seen in the nuclei of cells pretreated with eucalyptus globulus oil. This effect on NF-kappaB/p65 nuclear translocation was in a concentration dependent manner.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Eucalyptus globulus oil inhibits the nuclear translocation of NF-kappaB induced by LPS in THP-1 cells.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Active Transport, Cell Nucleus , Blotting, Western , Cell Line , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Eucalyptus , Chemistry , Lipopolysaccharides , Pharmacology , NF-kappa B , Metabolism , Plant Oils , Pharmacology , Tosyllysine Chloromethyl Ketone , Pharmacology
20.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12)2001.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-518113

ABSTRACT

Objective To summerize the experience in diagnosis and surgical treatment for hilar cholangiocarcinoma in recent years.Methods 86 consecutive cases of hilar cholangiocarcinoma were surgically treated in this hospital from Jan. 1992 to Oct. 1998. Results The tumor resection rate was 37%(32/86) in this series. The postoperative morbidity and mortality rate were 47% and 7% respectively. The median survival time in palliative resection group was 16 months and the 1-year, 3- year, 5-year survival rate was 63%,21%,15% respectively. For curative resection,the median survival time was 19 months and the 1-year, 3- year, 5-year survival rate was 80%,35%,25% respectively( P =0 038). For drainage group, the median survival time was 5 months and the 1-year, 3- year, 5-year survival rate was 28%,8 4%,5% respectively.Conclusion Early diagnosis, improvement of patients′ general preoperative condition and the surgical expertise may help in increasing the curative resection rate and reducing postoperative morbidity and mortality rate, which are keys to prolong patients′ survival.

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