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1.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 977-983, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993023

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the difference of the vessel and plaque characteristics, myocardial perfusion and cardiac function between patients with ischemia with non-obstructive coronary artery disease (INOCA) and obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD).Methods:From July 2021 to June 2022, 101 patients with angina were referred to dynamic computed tomography myocardial perfusion (CTP) and coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) and retrospectively included in our hospital. Based on the results of CTP and CCTA, patients were divided into INOCA (27 cases), moderate obstructive CAD (26 cases) and severe obstructive CAD (48 cases). The anatomical coronary artery stenosis, plaque characteristics and myocardial perfusion features of all patients were analyzed. Furthermore, left ventricular global longitudinal strain (GLS), global circumferential strain (GCS), and global radial strain (GRS) were obtained on full-phase reconstruction CCTA image by using Medis Suite 3.2 postprocessing software. Multigroup analysis used one way ANOVA or Kruskal Wallis H test. Results:Patients with INOCA were younger than patients with moderate and severe obstructive CAD ( P<0.001). INOCA patients (7.4%, 2/27) had lower rate of positive remodeling than both moderate (57.7%, 15/26, P<0.001) and severe obstructive CAD patients (33.3%, 16/48, P=0.017). The percentage of ischemic myocardium volume in patients with INOCA were similar with those in patients with severe CAD (all P>0.05), but significantly higher than those in patients with moderate CAD (all P<0.05). No significant difference in terms of GLS was detected between patients with INOCA [-17.4% (-21.6%, -11.6%)] and severe CAD [-17.6% (-21.9%, -14.8%), P=0.536], however, patients both with INOCA and severe CAD also had higher GLS than patients with moderate obstructive CAD [-22.3% (-29.8%, -19.0%), all P<0.05]. Conclusions:Based on"one-stop-shop"CTP combined with CCTA imaging, early cardiac functional changes including abnormal myocardial perfusion and myocardial strain in INOCA patients were similar to those in patients with severe obstructive CAD and more severe than those in patients with moderate obstructive CAD.

2.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 797-803, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993009

ABSTRACT

Objective:To construct a porcine model of ischemia with non-obstructive coronary artery (INOCA) and explore the diagnostic value of a one-stop noninvasive method including CT myocardial perfusion imaging (CT-MPI) and coronary CT angiography (CCTA).Methods:Twelve swines were divided into the experimental group (9) and the normal group (3). Coronary microvascular dysfunction (CMD) porcine model was constructed in the experimental group by inducing diabetes mellitus, chronic kidney disease, and hypercholesterolemia. Invasive coronary angiography (ICA) and functional examination were performed on all 7+3 trial swines to clarify the INOCA diagnosis after completion of the modeling. Then, CT-MPI and CCTA were performed on all individuals to explore the CT-MPI and CCTA characteristics of INOCA porcine models. CT-MPI parameters, including myocardial blood flow (MBF), and myocardial blood volume (MBV) in rest and stress conditions, and CCTA parameters, including severity of stenosis and CAD-RADS, were analyzed.Results:ICA and functional tests showed that all swines in the experimental group met the diagnostic criteria for INOCA, which meant that INOCA porcine model was constructed successfully. CCTA results confirmed that there was no obstructive coronary stenosis in all 10 swines which were examined, which was consistent with ICA findings. CT-MPI results demonstrated that the mean MBF values, as well as the mean MBV values, in the rest and stress condition of each swines in the experimental group were lower than those of the control group. In contrast to the control group, the mean MBF and MBV values of swines in the experimental group in stress condition were generally lower than those in resting condition.Conclusions:In this study, a porcine model of CMD is successfully constructed by inducing hypercholesterolemia+diabetes mellitus+chronic kidney disease. ICA and invasive functional tests show that this CMD model meet the diagnostic criteria for INOCA. It has been confirmed that one-stop CT multimodality examination including CT-MPI and CCTA can be used for the diagnosis of INOCA as a noninvasive diagnostic method.

3.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 398-404, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932521

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess the value of coronary CT angiography(CCTA) based vessel characteristics and plaque features in diagnosing ischemic stenosis.Methods:From April 2014 to June 2021, 129 patients (including a total of 158 coronary arteries) who underwent CCTA, then completed invasive coronary angiography (ICA) as well as fractional flow reserve(FFR) within 30 days were retrospectively enrolled. All coronary arteries were divided into ischemic group (FFR≤0.80, n=77) and non-ischemic group (FFR>0.80, n=81). Vascular characteristics, high-risk plaque features, quantitative parameters and the morphology of plaque were obtained from CCTA images. Independent samples t-test, Wilcoxon rank sum test and χ 2 test were used to compare afore-mentioned variables between the ischemic group and the non-ischemic group. The logistic regression model was used to analyze the risk predictors for ischemic stenosis. Results:Compared with non-ischemic group, the stenosis degree of coronary arteries in ischemic group was more serious(72.09%±8.55% vs. 63.52%±13.49%; t=4.765, P<0.001). The proportion of left anterior descending artery(LAD) lesions in ischemic group was higher than that of non-ischemic group [88.31%(68/77)vs. 55.56%(45/81); χ 2=20.793, P<0.001]. In terms of CCTA plaque characteristics, the ischemic group demonstrated longer plaque length, smaller minimum lumen area, larger plaque burden, increased percent plaque diffuseness, and diffuse lesions were more common. As for morphological characteristics of plaque, the proportions of plaques with rectangle shape, proximal longitudinal eccentric shape and distal longitudinal eccentric shape were higher than those of non-ischemic group, whereas cosine eccentric plaques were more common in the non-ischemic group( P<0.001). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the stenosis severity(OR =1.09, 95 %CI 1.04-1.14, P<0.001), LAD involvement(OR =4.23,95 %CI 1.01-17.72, P=0.049), diffuse lesion(OR =6.71,95 %CI 1.43-31.52, P=0.016), proximal longitudinal eccentric shape (OR =3.77,95 %CI 1.27-11.16, P=0.017), and distal longitudinal eccentric shape (OR =3.91,95 %CI 1.19-12.85, P=0.025) were the independent influence factors for ischemic stenosis. Conclusion:The CCTA-based stenosis degree of coronary artery, LAD involvement, diffuse lesion, proximal longitudinal eccentric shape, distal longitudinal eccentric shape were important influence factors for ischemic stenosis.

4.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 988-991, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752482

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the methods of screening specific aptamers for (EpCAM)Gpositive prostate cancer (PCa)cells by cellGSELEX technique.Methods A random DNA library was designed to screen EpCAMGspecific DNA aptamers from human prostate cancer cells expressing EpCAM molecule by cellGSELEX technique.After 12 rounds of in vitro screening,DNA products were cloned and sequenced.Flow cytometry and cellular immunofluorescence were used to detect the specific binding ability of aptamers to target cells.Results Two aptamers of Ep1 and Ep2 were selected.Both of them could specifically bind to EpCAMGpositive cancer cells LNCap,PCG3 ,DU1 45 , and HEK293T cells transfected with target molecule.The binding rates of Ep1 were 61.0%,74.3%,5 9.1% and 60.3%.The binding rates of Ep2 were 65.1%,77.8%,54.2% and 58.3%.Neither of them could bind to HEK293T cells transfected with empty vector with the binding rate of 5.4% in Ep1 and 3.3% in Ep2,respectively.Flow cytometry analysis and confocal images indicated that the EpCAM aptamers could specifically recognize human PCa cells expressing EpCAM,but could not bind to EpCAMGnegative cells.Conclusion EpCAM aptamers derived from cellGSELEX technology can recognize and bind to EpCAMGpositive PCa cells specifically,which may provide new ideas for the specific diagnosis and targeted therapy of prostate cancer,and lay an experimental basis for the other specific diagnosis and treatment schemes of malignant tumors.

5.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 869-872, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-696925

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze preoperative CT angiography (CTA)imaging features of cervical arteries in patients with acute type A aortic dissection followed by postoperative neurological dysfunction (ND),and the correlations between risk factors and ND.Methods Clinical and imaging data of 110 patients who underwent repair of acute type A aortic dissection were analyzed retrospectively.The samples were categorized into two groups based on the presence or absence of ND.The clinical,perioperative and imaging data were compared between the ND group and the non ND (NND)group.Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to identify predictors related with ND.Results A total of 100 patients were finally included in this study,and 18 patients(18%)developed with ND after aortic surgery.No significant differences in clinical and perioperative variables were observed between the ND group and the NND group (P>0.05).However,on preoperative CT images,a dissection entry localized in the aortic arch (94.4% in the ND group), common carotid artery tear (83.3% in the ND group)and unilateral internal carotid artery density decrease (44.4% in the ND group) were all significantly higer than those in th NND group (P<0.05 ).No significant difference were observed in true lumen stenosis of ascending aorta (P=0.053),retrograde dissection (P=0.913)and intimal tear (P=0.267)between ND group and NND group.The Logistic regression analysis revealed that a dissection entry localized in aortic arch (OR=21.325,P=0.008),common carotid artery tear (OR=14.441,P=0.022)and unilateral internal carotid artery density decrease (OR=9.141,P=0.024)were independent determinants of postoperative ND.Conclusion Preoperative CTA of cervical arteries can provide more imaging features,that may be indicative of postoperative ND.

6.
Chinese Journal of Medical Imaging ; (12): 658-661, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-706381

ABSTRACT

Purpose To explore the application of intra voxel incoherent motion diffusionweighted imaging (IVIM-DWI) quantitative parameters in evaluating the pathological stage of pancreatic cancer by comparing the manifestations of IVIM-DWI in patients with pancreatic cancer in different differentiaed degrees as there lacked effective screening instrument for the early diagnosis of pancreatic cancer.Materials and Methods Sixteen patients with pathologically proved pancreatic cancer (10 with high-moderation differentiation while 6 with low differentiation) were enrolled,and 3.0T MRI was used to conduct pancreatic DWI with multiple b values.IVIM double-exponential model was used to analyze the measurement parameters of DWI with multiple b values,so as to measure the slow apparent diffusion coefficient (ADCslow),fast apparent diffusion coefficient (ADCfast) and filling fraction (f).Results The ADCslow value was evidently lower in patients with high-moderate differentiated pancreatic cancer than those with low differentiated pancreatic cancer [(0.546± 0.041)× 10-3 mm2/s vs.(0.677± 0.120)× 10-3 mm2/s,P<0.05],and f value was notably higher in patients with high-moderate differentiated pancreatic cancer than those with low differentiated pancreatic cancer [(59.3 ± 8.8)% vs.(41.7±22.4)%,P<0.05].The area under the curve of ADCslow was higher than that of f when distinguishing high-moderate differentiated and low differentiated pancreatic cancer (0.850>0.750).The sensitivity and specificity were 100.00% and 83.33% when ADCslow ≤ 0.599×10-3 mm2/s,and were 100.00% and 66.67% when f>44.7% in distinguishing high-moderate differentiated and low differentiated pancreatic cancer,respectively.Conclusion ADCslow and f,as the quantitative parameters for IVIM-DWI,can distinguish high-moderate differentiated and low differentiated pancreatic cancer,and predict the pathological stage of pancreatic cancer before operation.Moreover,they also have high diagnostic efficacy in distinguishing high-moderate differentiated and low differentiated pancreatic cancer.

7.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 1024-1028, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-616312

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the application value of monoexponential, biexponential models multiple b values diffusion weighted imaging(DWI) in distinguishing pancreatic cancer from non-tumorous pancreas.Methods Subjects comprised 37 pancreatic cancers confirmed by clinical or surgery.Pancreas multiple b values DWI was performed using 3.0T scanner.Standard apparent diffusion coefficient (ADCstandard) was calculated using monoexponential diffusion model.Pure diffusion coefficient (ADCslow), pseudodiffusion coefficient (ADCfast) and perfusion fraction (f) were calculated using intravoxel incoherent motion(IVIM) diffusion model.Parameters of pancreatic cancers and non-tumorous pancreas were compared using independent samples t test.Results Mean ADCslow value of pancreatic cancer was higher than that of non-tumorous pancreas (0.611×10-3 mm2/s vs 0.521×10-3 mm2/s,P=0.037).Mean ADCfast and f values of pancreatic cancer were lower than that of non-tumorous pancreas (5.066×10-3 mm2/s vs 7.188×10-3 mm2/s,P=0.035;55.8% vs 64.0%,P=0.016;respectively).ADCslow of pancreatic cancer was positively correlated to ADCstandard (r=0.824,P=0.000).ADCfast of pancreatic cancer was negatively correlated to f(r=-0.558,P=0.000).Conclusion ADCslow, ADCfast and f derived from IVIM-DWI model can distinguish pancreatic cancer from non-tumorous pancreas.IVIM-DWI may be a promising and non-invasive tool for early diagnosing and differentiating pancreatic carcinoma from non-tumorous pancreas.

8.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 755-758, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-462433

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate perfusion imaging and parameters of normal pancreas by dual-source CT and to evaluate the appropriate perfusion imaging scan.Methods Sixty-six subjects with normal pancreas underwent low-dose pancreatic perfusion and plain scan.CT images were sent to a separate workstation via a network.The blood flow (BF)and blood volume (BV)of pancreas head,body and tail were measured using the VPCT Body software and analyzed by one-way ANOVA.Then the time-density curve of pancreas was drawn,and the enhancement peak time and the corresponding CT value were also measured.Results The average BF values of pancreas head,body and tail were (1 1 6.09 ± 31.83)mL·100 g-1 ·min-1 ,(1 1 9.72±32.50)mL·100 g-1 ·min-1 , (1 14.65±31.42)mL·100 g-1 ·min-1 ,and the mean BV values were (29.83 ±1 9.07)mL/100 g,(30.39 ± 1 9.38)mL/100 g, (28.82±1 9.22)mL/100 g,respectively.The perfusion parameters in different pancreatic parts were not statistically different.The mean enhancement peak time was (27.92 s±4.52)s,(28.02±5.34)s in pancreas head,(27.40±4.36)s in pancreas body,(27.34±4.57)s in pancreas tail.On plain image,the average CT value of pancreas was (41.43±5.88)HU.However,on enhanced image,the mean CT value was (95.96±18.44)HU in normal pancreas [(96.73±19.71)HU in pancreas head,(98.45±17.52)HU in body,(92.69±18.1 7)HU in tail].Conclusion The perfusion parameters including blood flow and blood volume in pancreatic head,body and tail are identical. The mean enhancement peak time is (27.92±4.52)s,and the corresponding enhancement CT value is (95.96±18.44)HU.

9.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 1269-1272,1277, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-602315

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the value of DWI and ADC value in monitoring the chemotherapy response of advanced gastric carcinoma dynamically.Methods 42 advanced gastric carcinoma patients who were confirmed by histopathology underwent T2 WI and DWI examinations at pre-chemotherapy,post-chemotherapy 3 d,7 d,30 d and 60 d respectively.The longest diameters of tumor pre-chemotherapy and post-chemotherapy 60 d were measured on axial T2 WI,meanwhile the ADC values at different time points were calculated.The mean ADC value among pre-and post-chemotherapy of each group (PR and SD)was compared.Results The ADC value of PR group increased gradually.The mean ADC value before therapy was statistically lower than those at differ-ent time points post-chemotherapy (P < 0.05).The ADC value of SD group increased gradually from pre-chemotherapy to post-chemotherapy 30 d,and then the ADC value decreased at post-chemotherapy 60 d.The differences of the mean ADC values in differ-ent time points were statistically significant (P < 0.05).Conclusion DWI and ADC value can dynamically,quantitatively and early detect and monitor the chemotherapy response of advanced gastric carcinoma.

10.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 584-586,595, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-600581

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the display and source of the artery located at anterolateral region next to pancreatic head on en-hanced CT,and to investigate its clinical value.Methods Imaging data of 200 consecutive patients who underwent abdominal CT scan were collected,and their CT images were analyzed.The reconstructed images were obtained at a post-processing workstation. After reconstruction,the display rate,source and branches of the artery located at anterolateral region next to pancreatic head were analyzed,and the diameters of these vessels were measured.Results The arterial vessel located at anterolateral region next to pan-creatic head was found on axial CT image in arterial phase with a display rate of 100%.By using post-reconstruction images,most vessels were gastroduodenal artery with mean diameter of 0.33 cm± 0.05 cm,and other ones were pancreaticoduodenal artery or right gastroomental artery.Conclusion The artery located at anterolateral region next to pancreatic head can be found on axial ab-dominal CT image in the arterial phase.Most vessels are gastroduodenal artery with a fixed position and traveling.

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