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Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-220292


Background: Cirrhosis is a long-term inflammatory process of hepatic tissue condition that mainly affects people aged 50 to 60. This study aims to assess Left ventricular diastolic dysfunction (LVDD) in cases with cirrhotic liver by conventional, tissue Doppler and two-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography to clarify the correlation between the severity of cirrhotic liver and LVDD. Methods: A prospective case-control research involved 100 adult cases with confirmed HCV and HBV. Cases were divided into 4 equal group: Group A: Child A cases, group B: Child B cases, group C: Child C cases and group D (Controls): healthy non-hepatic subjects of the same age and sex who have normal blood pressure, nonsmoking participants with no further concomitant problems. Results: Number of cases with LVDD had a statistical noticeable increase in Child A, B, and C (p =0.004, <0.001, and <0.001 respectively. LAVi had a statistical noticeable increase in Child C / B (p =0.013 and p =0.014). Conclusion: Left atrial volume index (LAVi) had a statistical noticeable increase in Child C / B in comparison to the controls but E m, E l were statistical noticeable lower in Child C / B. /E had a statistical noticeable increase in Child C group, LVSRe had a statistical noticeable decrease in Child C group but it was insignificantly different across Child A / B/ C and controls and across Child B / C and controls.

Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-220261


Background: An atrial septal defect (ASD) is a persistent interatrial communication. It is distinct from a patent foramen ovale wherein there is a flap with intermittent communication. The aim of this work was to assess prevalence of mitral valve regurge or prolapse and left atrial volume in patients with secundum type ASD. Methods: This prospective study was carried out at the cardiovascular department, Tanta University Hospitals on 140 patients either adult or children who were diagnosed as atrial septal defect by 2-D echocardiography. They were subjected to detailed history, detailed clinical examination, chest x-ray and echocardiography (2-D echo & Doppler). Results: 95% of patients were trivial or mild mitral regurgitation, 3.6% were moderate and 1.4% were severe. Cause of mitral valve regurgitation was 2.86% prolapse, 1.43% rheumatic and 0.71 dysplastic. Left atrial enlargement was found in 2.1% of patients. Mean LA diameter was 34.68 ± 3.9 mm, mean LA volume was 45.75 ± 3.44 ml and mean LA volume index was 24.14 ± 2.97 ml/m2. 1.43% of patients have history of rheumatic fever. 51.4% of patients presented with fatigue, 45.7% presented with palpitation, 41.4% of the patients presented with exertional dyspnea and 22.8% presented with tachypnea. Conclusions: The prevalence of mitral regurgitation is low in secundum ASD. Mitral regurgitation associated with secundum atrial septal defect could exist as a coexistent lesion, its recognition is important and most of them could be repaired with satisfactory results. Also, the left atrial volume was not affected except in sever mitral regurgitation.