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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014714

ABSTRACT

AIM: To observe the clinical efficacy of multi -glycoside of tripterygium wilfordii (GTW) on diabetic nephropathy. METHODS: Fifty-one patients with diabetic kidney disease (DKD) with a history of GTW dosing admitted to the outpatient clinic of Yijishan Hospital affiliated to Wannan Medical College from June 2019 to October 2022 were selected as study subjects, and were followed up regularly to observe the changes in laboratory indexes before and after GTW dosing and adverse drug reactions after 6 months of treatment. The t-test, Mann-Whitney U-test or χ

2.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 439-444, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013837

ABSTRACT

Aim To study the mechanism and target of apoptosis induced by berberine ( BBR) in cervical cancer HeLa cells. Methods Drug affinity responsive target stability (DARTS) and mass spectrometry (MS) were used to identify the potential binding proteins of berberine. The binding affinity between berberine and candidate target protein was detected by microscale thermophoresis technique (MST) , and cellular thermal shift assay (CETSA) was used to detect the binding of berberine to candidate target proteins in living cells. CRISPR/Cas9 gene editing technique was used to establish candidate target protein TRIM25-deficient tumor cell lines. CCK-8 assay and Annexin V/propidium iodide combined with flow cytometry were used to detect the inhibitory and apoptotic effects of berberine on wild-type and TRIM25-KO cells. Western blot was used to detect the effect of berberine on TRIM25 and its substrate protein levels.Results DARTS found that after berberine treatment, the sensitivity of TRIM25 to pronase proteolysis showed the most significant change. MST and CETSA assays showed that berberine directly bound to TRIM25 at molecular and cellular levels, and its dissociation constant was 4.02 μmol • L

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007857

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Circular RNAs (circRNAs) participate in several important pathological processes and have been used in the diagnosis and treatment of various diseases. This study aimed to investigate the role of circRNAs in neural tube defects (NTDs).@*METHOD@#We characterized circRNA-associated competitive endogenous RNA (ceRNA) networks in brain tissue of low folate -induced NTDs mouse at embryonic day 13.5 by high-throughput sequencing. The expression levels of Circzfp644, miR-20-5p and Gas7 were detected by RT-PCR. Gas7 and Circzfp644 functions were determined by miRNA-mimics and inhibitors in mouse teratocarcinoma cells (F9 cells), and luciferase gene reporter assay was assessed in the F9 cells. In addition, the expression levels of Circzfp644, miR-20-5p and Gas7 were determined by Nanostring in human NTDs tissues.@*RESULTS@#We detected 57 circRNA transcripts, 16 miRNAs, and 148 mRNAs that were significantly dysregulated in NTDs brain tissues compared with their expression levels in control (normal) tissues. Circzfp644 shared miRNA response elements with the growth arrest specific 7 ( Gas7) gene and competitively bound with miR-20-5p to increase the expression of Gas7. Downregulation of Circzfp644 and Gas7 and upregulation of miR-20-5p were found in human NTD tissue.@*CONCLUSION@#This study provides new perspectives on the role of circRNAs in nervous system development and the pathogenesis of NTDs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Mice , RNA, Circular/genetics , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Down-Regulation , Neural Tube Defects/genetics , Folic Acid
4.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1209-1216, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007467

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the methodological quality, report quality and evidence quality of the Meta-analysis and systematic reviews of acupuncture and moxibustion for children with cerebral palsy, aiming to provide decision-making basis for clinical treatment.@*METHODS@#The systematic reviews and Meta-analysis of acupuncture and moxibustion for children with cerebral palsy were searched in CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, SinoMed, Cochrane Library, PubMed and EMbase. The retrieval time was from the database establishment to June 30th, 2022. AMSTAR 2 (a measurement tool to assess systematic reviews) was used to evaluate the methodological quality, and PRISMA (preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and Meta-analyses) was used to evaluate the report quality, and GRADE was used to evaluate the quality of evidence.@*RESULTS@#A total of 14 systematic reviews were included, including 37 primary outcome indexes. According to AMSTAR 2 evaluation results, there were 4 low quality studies, 10 very low quality studies, and low scores on items 2, 4, 7, 10 and 16. PRISMA scores ranged from 15 to 25, and the main reporting problems reflected in structured abstracts, program and registration, retrieval, and funding sources, etc. According to the GRADE classification results, there were 3 high quality evidences, 7 medium quality evidences, 10 low quality evidences and 17 very low quality evidences. The main downgrading factors were limitations, imprecision and publication bias.@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture and moxibustion has a certain effect for cerebral palsy in children, but the quality of methodology, reporting and evidence in the included literature is poor, and the comparison of curative effect between different acupuncture and moxibustion methods is unclear.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Acupuncture Therapy/methods , Cerebral Palsy/therapy , Moxibustion/methods , Publication Bias , Research Report , Systematic Reviews as Topic , Meta-Analysis as Topic
5.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1885-1889, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010054

ABSTRACT

Cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAF) are a key component of the tumor microenvironment, which can secrete a variety of cytokines, chemokines and growth factors, directly and indirectly support cancer cells, also alter the immune cellular environment by inhibiting the activity of immune effector cells and recruiting immunosuppressive cells, thereby allowing cancer cells to evade immune surveillance. CAF has been proven to be associated with the development, progression, and poor prognosis of solid tumors. However, the role of CAF in hematological malignancies is still unclear. This article reviews the research progress of CAF in hematological malignancies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cancer-Associated Fibroblasts/pathology , Neoplasms/metabolism , Hematologic Neoplasms/metabolism , Tumor Microenvironment , Fibroblasts/pathology
6.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 343-349, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009365

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#The artificial intelligence-aided diagnosis model of rib fractures based on YOLOv3 algorithm was established and applied to practical case to explore the application advantages in rib fracture cases in forensic medicine.@*METHODS@#DICOM format CT images of 884 cases with rib fractures caused by thoracic trauma were collected, and 801 of them were used as training and validation sets. A rib fracture diagnosis model based on YOLOv3 algorithm and Darknet53 as the backbone network was built. After the model was established, 83 cases were taken as the test set, and the precision rate, recall rate, F1-score and radiology interpretation time were calculated. The model was used to diagnose a practical case and compared with manual diagnosis.@*RESULTS@#The established model was used to test 83 cases, the fracture precision rate of this model was 90.5%, the recall rate was 75.4%, F1-score was 0.82, the radiology interpretation time was 4.4 images per second and the identification time of each patient's data was 21 s, much faster than manual diagnosis. The recognition results of the model was consistent with that of the manual diagnosis.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The rib fracture diagnosis model in practical case based on YOLOv3 algorithm can quickly and accurately identify fractures, and the model is easy to operate. It can be used as an auxiliary diagnostic technique in forensic clinical identification.


Subject(s)
Humans , Rib Fractures/diagnostic imaging , Artificial Intelligence , Thoracic Injuries , Algorithms , Radiography , Retrospective Studies
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971263

ABSTRACT

Objective: In this study, we aimed to investigate the prevalence of low anterior resection syndrome (LARS) in patients who had survived for more than 5 years after sphincter-preserving surgery for rectal cancer and to analyze its relationship with postoperative time. Methods: This was a single-center, retrospective, cross-sectional study. The study cohort comprised patients who had survived for at least 5 years (60 months) after undergoing sphincter- preserving radical resection of pathologically diagnosed rectal adenocarcinoma within 15 cm of the anal verge in the Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Peking University People's Hospital from January 2005 to May 2016. Patients who had undergone local resection, had permanent stomas, recurrent intestinal infection, local recurrence, history of previous anorectal surgery, or long- term preoperative defecation disorders were excluded. A LARS questionnaire was administered by telephone interview, points being allocated for incontinence for flatus (0-7 points), incontinence for liquid stools (0-3 points), frequency of bowel movements (0-5 points), clustering of stools (0-11 points), and urgency (0-16 points). The patients were allocated to three groups based on these scores: no LARS (0-20 points), minor LARS (21-29 points), and major LARS (30-42 points). The prevalence of LARS and major LARS in patients who had survived more than 5 years after surgery, correlation between postoperative time and LARS score, and whether postoperative time was a risk factor for major LARS and LARS symptoms were analyzed. Results: The median follow-up time of the 160 patients who completed the telephone interview was 97 (60-193) months; 81 (50.6%) of them had LARS, comprising 34 (21.3%) with minor LARS and 47 (29.4%) with major LARS. Spearman correlation analysis showed no significant correlation between LARS score and postoperative time (correlation coefficient α=-0.016, P=0.832). Multivariate analysis identified anastomotic height (RR=0.850, P=0.022) and radiotherapy (RR=5.760, P<0.001) as independent risk factors for major LARS; whereas the postoperative time was not a significant risk factor (RR=1.003, P=0.598). The postoperative time was also not associated with LARS score rank and frequency of bowel movements, clustering, or urgency (P>0.05). However, the rates of incontinence for flatus (3/31, P=0.003) and incontinence for liquid stools (8/31, P=0.005) were lower in patients who had survived more than 10 years after surgery. Conclusions: Patients with rectal cancer who have survived more than 5 years after sphincter-preserving surgery still have a high prevalence of LARS. We found no evidence of major LARS symptoms resolving over time.


Subject(s)
Humans , Rectal Neoplasms/pathology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Low Anterior Resection Syndrome , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Retrospective Studies , Flatulence/complications , Anal Canal/pathology , Diarrhea , Quality of Life
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971262

ABSTRACT

Objective: To propose a new staging system for presacral recurrence of rectal cancer and explore the factors influencing radical resection of such recurrences based on this staging system. Methods: In this retrospective observational study, clinical data of 51 patients with presacral recurrence of rectal cancer who had undergone surgical treatment in the Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Peking University People's Hospital between January 2008 and September 2022 were collected. Inclusion criteria were as follows: (1) primary rectal cancer without distant metastasis that had been radically resected; (2) pre-sacral recurrence of rectal cancer confirmed by multi-disciplinary team assessment based on CT, MRI, positron emission tomography, physical examination, surgical exploration, and pathological examination of biopsy tissue in some cases; and (3) complete inpatient, outpatient and follow-up data. The patients were allocated to radical resection and non-radical resection groups according to postoperative pathological findings. The study included: (1) classification of pre-sacral recurrence of rectal cancer according to its anatomical characteristics as follows: Type I: no involvement of the sacrum; Type II: involvement of the low sacrum, but no other sites; Type III: involvement of the high sacrum, but no other sites; and Type IV: involvement of the sacrum and other sites. (2) Assessment of postoperative presacral recurrence, overall survival from surgery to recurrence, and duration of disease-free survival. (3) Analysis of factors affecting radical resection of pre-sacral recurrence of rectal cancer. Non-normally distributed measures are expressed as median (range). The Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison between groups. Results: The median follow-up was 25 (2-96) months with a 100% follow-up rate. The rate of metachronic distant metastasis was significantly lower in the radical resection than in the non-radical resection group (24.1% [7/29] vs. 54.5% [12/22], χ2=8.333, P=0.026). Postoperative disease-free survival was longer in the radical resection group (32.7 months [3.0-63.0] vs. 16.1 [1.0-41.0], Z=8.907, P=0.005). Overall survival was longer in the radical resection group (39.2 [3.0-66.0] months vs. 28.1 [1.0-52.0] months, Z=1.042, P=0.354). According to univariate analysis, age, sex, distance between the tumor and anal verge, primary tumor pT stage, and primary tumor grading were not associated with achieving R0 resection of presacral recurrences of rectal cancer (all P>0.05), whereas primary tumor pN stage, anatomic staging of presacral recurrence, and procedure for managing presacral recurrence were associated with rate of R0 resection (all P<0.05). According to multifactorial analysis, the pathological stage of the primary tumor pN1-2 (OR=3.506, 95% CI: 1.089-11.291, P=0.035), type of procedure (transabdominal resection: OR=29.250, 95% CI: 2.789 - 306.811, P=0.005; combined abdominal perineal resection: OR=26.000, 95% CI: 2.219-304.702, P=0.009), and anatomical stage of presacral recurrence (Type III: OR=16.000, 95% CI: 1.542 - 166.305, P = 0.020; type IV: OR= 36.667, 95% CI: 3.261 - 412.258, P = 0.004) were all independent risk factors for achieving radical resection of anterior sacral recurrence after rectal cancer surgery. Conclusion: Stage of presacral recurrences of rectal cancer is an independent predictor of achieving R0 resection. It is possible to predict whether radical resection can be achieved on the basis of the patient's medical history.


Subject(s)
Humans , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/diagnosis , Rectal Neoplasms/therapy , Retrospective Studies , Pelvis/pathology , Recurrence , Treatment Outcome
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981996

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the clinical manifestations and laboratory examination results of children with Kawasaki disease complicated by macrophage activation syndrome (KD-MAS), and to provide a basis for identifying early warning indicators for the early diagnosis and treatment of KD-MAS.@*METHODS@#A retrospective study was performed on 27 children with KD-MAS (KD-MAS group) and 110 children with KD (KD group) who were admitted to Wuhan Children's Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, from January 2014 to January 2022. Clinical and laboratory data were compared between the two groups. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to investigate the value of laboratory markers with statistical significance in the diagnosis of KD-MAS.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the KD group, the KD-MAS group had significantly higher incidence rates of hepatomegaly, splenomegaly, incomplete KD, no response to intravenous immunoglobulin, coronary artery damage, multiple organ damage, and KD recurrence, as well as a significantly longer length of hospital stay (P<0.05). Compared with the KD group, the KD-MAS group had significantly lower levels of white blood cell count, absolute neutrophil count, hemoglobin, platelet count (PLT), erythrocyte sedimentation rate, serum albumin, serum sodium, prealbumin, and fibrinogen (FIB), a significantly lower incidence rate of non-exudative conjunctiva, and significantly higher levels of C-reactive protein, alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), and serum ferritin (SF) (P<0.05). The ROC curve analysis showed that SF, PLT, FIB, and LDH had high value in the diagnosis of KD-MAS, with areas under the curve (AUC) of 0.989, 0.966, 0.932, and 0.897, respectively (P<0.001), and optimal cut-off values of 349.95 μg/L, 159×109/L, 3.85 g/L, and 403.50 U/L, respectively. The combination of SF, PLT, FIB, and LDH had a larger AUC than PLT, FIB, and LDH alone in the diagnosis of KD-MAS (P<0.05), but there was no significant difference in the AUC between the combination of SF, PLT, FIB, and LDH and SF alone (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#KD-MAS should be considered when children with KD have hepatosplenomegaly, no response to intravenous immunoglobulin, coronary artery damage, and KD recurrence during treatment. SF, PLT, FIB, and LDH are of high value in the diagnosis of KD-MAS, especially SF is of great significance in the diagnosis of KD-MAS.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Immunoglobulins, Intravenous , Macrophage Activation Syndrome/etiology , Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome/diagnosis , Retrospective Studies , Blood Sedimentation , Hepatomegaly
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986930

ABSTRACT

Objective: This cross-sectional investigation aimed to determine the incidence, clinical characteristics, prognosis, and related risk factors of olfactory and gustatory dysfunctions related to infection with the SARS-CoV-2 Omicron strain in mainland China. Methods: Data of patients with SARS-CoV-2 from December 28, 2022, to February 21, 2023, were collected through online and offline questionnaires from 45 tertiary hospitals and one center for disease control and prevention in mainland China. The questionnaire included demographic information, previous health history, smoking and alcohol drinking, SARS-CoV-2 vaccination, olfactory and gustatory function before and after infection, other symptoms after infection, as well as the duration and improvement of olfactory and gustatory dysfunction. The self-reported olfactory and gustatory functions of patients were evaluated using the Olfactory VAS scale and Gustatory VAS scale. Results: A total of 35 566 valid questionnaires were obtained, revealing a high incidence of olfactory and taste dysfunctions related to infection with the SARS-CoV-2 Omicron strain (67.75%). Females(χ2=367.013, P<0.001) and young people(χ2=120.210, P<0.001) were more likely to develop these dysfunctions. Gender(OR=1.564, 95%CI: 1.487-1.645), SARS-CoV-2 vaccination status (OR=1.334, 95%CI: 1.164-1.530), oral health status (OR=0.881, 95%CI: 0.839-0.926), smoking history (OR=1.152, 95%CI=1.080-1.229), and drinking history (OR=0.854, 95%CI: 0.785-0.928) were correlated with the occurrence of olfactory and taste dysfunctions related to SARS-CoV-2(above P<0.001). 44.62% (4 391/9 840) of the patients who had not recovered their sense of smell and taste also suffered from nasal congestion, runny nose, and 32.62% (3 210/9 840) suffered from dry mouth and sore throat. The improvement of olfactory and taste functions was correlated with the persistence of accompanying symptoms(χ2=10.873, P=0.001). The average score of olfactory and taste VAS scale was 8.41 and 8.51 respectively before SARS-CoV-2 infection, but decreased to3.69 and 4.29 respectively after SARS-CoV-2 infection, and recovered to 5.83and 6.55 respectively at the time of the survey. The median duration of olfactory and gustatory dysfunctions was 15 days and 12 days, respectively, with 0.5% (121/24 096) of patients experiencing these dysfunctions for more than 28 days. The overall self-reported improvement rate of smell and taste dysfunctions was 59.16% (14 256/24 096). Gender(OR=0.893, 95%CI: 0.839-0.951), SARS-CoV-2 vaccination status (OR=1.334, 95%CI: 1.164-1.530), history of head and facial trauma(OR=1.180, 95%CI: 1.036-1.344, P=0.013), nose (OR=1.104, 95%CI: 1.042-1.171, P=0.001) and oral (OR=1.162, 95%CI: 1.096-1.233) health status, smoking history(OR=0.765, 95%CI: 0.709-0.825), and the persistence of accompanying symptoms (OR=0.359, 95%CI: 0.332-0.388) were correlated with the recovery of olfactory and taste dysfunctions related to SARS-CoV-2 (above P<0.001 except for the indicated values). Conclusion: The incidence of olfactory and taste dysfunctions related to infection with the SARS-CoV-2 Omicron strain is high in mainland China, with females and young people more likely to develop these dysfunctions. Active and effective intervention measures may be required for cases that persist for a long time. The recovery of olfactory and taste functions is influenced by several factors, including gender, SARS-CoV-2 vaccination status, history of head and facial trauma, nasal and oral health status, smoking history, and persistence of accompanying symptoms.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Adolescent , SARS-CoV-2 , Smell , COVID-19/complications , Cross-Sectional Studies , COVID-19 Vaccines , Incidence , Olfaction Disorders/etiology , Taste Disorders/etiology , Prognosis
11.
International Eye Science ; (12): 665-667, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965797

ABSTRACT

AIM: To compare the clinical efficacy of conbercept and aflibercept in the treatment of wet age-related macular degeneration(wARMD)based on 4 consecutive intravitreal injections.METHODS: The clinical data of 108 patients(108 eyes)who were diagnosed as wARMD and treated with intravitreal injection at our hospital from January 2019 to January 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. They were divided into conbercept group(54 cases, 54 eyes)and aflibercept group(54 cases, 54 eyes)according to the different injectable drugs. All patients received intravitreal injection once a month, with four consecutive injections. Follow up for 12mo to observe best corrected visual acuity(BCVA), central macular thickness(CMT), complications and recurrence before and after injection.RESULTS: BCVA and CMT of patients in the two groups at 1, 2, 5 and 8mo after injection had no between-group differences(P&#x0026;#x003E;0.05), but both were significantly improved compared with those before injection(P&#x0026;#x003C;0.05). By the end of follow-up, conjunctival hemorrhage occurred in 2 eyes of the conbercept group at the early stage, and increased intraocular pressure and conjunctival hemorrhage occurred respectively in 2 eyes of the aflibercept group. There were no serious complications related to drug injection such as retinal detachment, complicated cataract, endophthalmitis and retinal pigment epithelial tear in the two groups, and there was no difference in the recurrence rate between the two groups(7% vs. 6%, P=1.000).CONCLUSION: On the basis of continuous 4 times of intravitreal injection, both conbercept and aflibercept are safe and effective in the treatment of wARMD, and the efficacy is even.

12.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 155-163, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993423

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the combination of internal fixation for periprosthetic fractures of the proximal femur (PFFF) after hip arthroplasty.Methods:The data of 58 patients with periprosthetic fractures after hip arthroplasty from May 2008 to March 2022 were retrospectively analyzed, including 31 males and 27 females. The average age was 75.5±18.2 years (range, 35-95 years). There were 39 total hip arthroplasty and 19 hemiarthroplasty; 37 biological prosthesis and 21 cemented prosthesis. Intraoperative periprosthetic fractures occurred in 6 cases and 52 cases postoperatively. Unified classification system (UCS): UCS IV.3A1 type 2 cases, 3A2 type 1 case, 3B1.1 type 19 cases, 3B2.1 type 25 cases, 3B3 type 2 cases, 3C type 9 cases. Fracture site: 3 cases in zone A (greater trochanter), 46 cases in zone B (around the femoral stem), and 9 cases in zone C (distal to the tip of the femoral stem. Internal fixation is composed of primary and secondary fixation, the main fixation method was the cerclage of steel wire or titanium cable, locking compression plate, and locking attachment plate fixation. The secondary fixation method was the cerclage of titanium cable, which was required to cover three zones A, B and C to form an overall balanced fixation. The modified Harris hip scores (mHHS), plate length, working length and screw number of different internal fixation combinations were compared.Results:The follow-up time was 54.2±21.6 months (range, 11-86 months). All patients showed signs of fracture healing at 10.2±1.5 weeks (range, 7-13 weeks) after operation, and bony union was observed at 19.6±1.3 weeks (range, 17-22 weeks) after operation. No delayed union or nonunion was observed. After operation, one case had a stress fracture and was revised with double-plate internal fixation; one case had a failed internal fixation and was revised with double-plate internal fixation and a large allograft bone graft. The mHHS score of UCSIV.3B2.1 group (80.3±4.6) was the lowest at 6 months after operation, and the difference between the groups of different types was statistically significant ( F=256.72, P<0.001). The score of simple internal fixation group (91.6±4.2) was higher than that of revision combined with internal fixation group (81.9±4.1), and the difference was statistically significant ( t=8.32, P<0.001). The plate length and working length were 24.9±2.5 cm and 12.6±1.7 cm for UCS IV.3B1.1, 25.4±2.6 cm and 13.6±1.8 cm for 3B2.1 and 28.1±2.5 cm and 4.9±1.9 cm for 3C, respectively ( F=5.33, P=0.005; F=6.78, P<0.001). The number of screws in zone A was significant difference among different UCS types ( F=52.67, P<0.001); UCS IV.3B1.1 (6.5±2.3) and 3B2.1 (6.7±2.2) were more than 3B3 (3.5±1.5) and 3C (3.7±1.6). The number of screws in zone B was significant difference among different UCS types ( F=42.15, P<0.001); The number of UCS IV.3B1.1 (2.3±1.6) and 3B2.1 (2.8±1.9) were significantly more than that of 3B3 (1.0±0.5) and 3C (1.2±0.6). The number of screws in zone C was significant differences among different UCS types ( F=39.62, P<0.001); The number of UCS IV.3B1.1 (3.8±1.9) and 3B2.1 (3.9±1.7) were more than that of 3B3 (2.0±0.5), the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). Conclusion:The function of hip after simple internal fixation of proximal femoral periprosthetic fractures was better than that of those who underwent revision at the same time; the number of screws of UCSIV.B1 and B2 is more than that of B3.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992722

ABSTRACT

Surgery for periprosthetic fractures (PPF) is one of the most complex procedures in orthopedics. It is difficult, highly risky and extremely challenging, because the patients are usually advanced in age and suffering from essential organ dysfunction, numerous comorbidities, poor overall body condition, poor bone quality combined with osteolysis and even bone loss, and because the surgeons have to apply the concepts and techniques of Modern Orthopedic Trauma and artificial joint revision techniques in fracture fixation and prosthesis revision. This paper expounds on the clinical challenges due to the characteristics of PPF in order to call on clinical surgeons to update their concepts, deal with seriously and standardize their PPF treatment, and effectively improve their efficacy.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991973

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate and summarize the chest CT imaging features of patients with novel coronavirus pneumonia (COVID-19), bacterial pneumonia and other viral pneumonia.Methods:Chest CT data of 102 patients with pulmonary infection due to different etiologies were retrospectively analyzed, including 36 patients with COVID-19 admitted to Hainan Provincial People's Hospital and the Second Affiliated Hospital of Hainan Medical University from December 2019 to March 2020, 16 patients with other viral pneumonia admitted to Hainan Provincial People's Hospital from January 2018 to February 2020, and 50 patients with bacterial pneumonia admitted to Haikou Affiliated Hospital of Central South University Xiangya School of Medicine from April 2018 to May 2020. Two senior radiologists and two senior intensive care physicians were participated to evaluated the extent of lesions involvement and imaging features of the first chest CT after the onset of the disease.Results:Bilateral pulmonary lesions were more common in patients with COVID-19 and other viral pneumonia, and the incidence was significantly higher than that of bacterial pneumonia (91.6%, 75.0% vs. 26.0%, P < 0.05). Compared with other viral pneumonia and COVID-19, bacterial pneumonia was mainly characterized by single-lung and multi-lobed lesion (62.0% vs. 18.8%, 5.6%, P < 0.05), accompanied by pleural effusion and lymph node enlargement. The proportion of ground-glass opacity in the lung tissues of patients with COVID-19 was 97.2%, that of patients with other viral pneumonia was 56.2%, and that of patients with bacterial pneumonia was only 2.0% ( P < 0.05). The incidence rate of lung tissue consolidation (25.0%, 12.5%), air bronchial sign (13.9%, 6.2%) and pleural effusion (16.7%, 37.5%) in patients with COVID-19 and other viral pneumonia were significantly lower than those in patients with bacterial pneumonia (62.0%, 32.0%, 60.0%, all P < 0.05), paving stone sign (22.2%, 37.5%), fine mesh sign (38.9%, 31.2%), halo sign(11.1%, 25.0%), ground-glass opacity with interlobular septal thickening (30.6%, 37.5%), bilateral patchy pattern/rope shadow (80.6%, 50.0%) etc. were significantly higher than those of bacterial pneumonia (2.0%, 4.0%, 2.0%, 0%, 22.0%, all P < 0.05). The incidence of local patchy shadow in patients with COVID-19 was only 8.3%, significantly lower than that in patients with other viral pneumonia and bacterial pneumonia (8.3% vs. 68.8%, 50.0%, P < 0.05). There was no significant difference in the incidence of peripheral vascular shadow thickening in patients with COVID-19, other viral pneumonia and bacterial pneumonia (27.8%, 12.5%, 30.0%, P > 0.05). Conclusions:The probability of ground-glass opacity, paving stone and grid shadow in chest CT of patients with COVID-19 was significantly higher than those of bacterial pneumonia, and it was more common in the lower lungs and lateral dorsal segment. In other patients with viral pneumonia, ground-glass opacity was distributed in both upper and lower lungs. Bacterial pneumonia is usually characterized by single lung consolidation, distributed in lobules or large lobes and accompanied by pleural effusion.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991034

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess the safety and feasibility of complete lateral position endoscopic combined intra-renal surgery (ECIRS) in treatment of staghorn kidney calculi.Methods:The clinical data of 105 patients with staghorn kidney calculi from March 2016 to July 2022 in the First Hospital of Shanxi Medical University were retrospectively analyzed. Among them, 55 patients were treated with lateral position percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) (PCNL group), and 50 patients were treated with complete lateral position ECIRS (ECIRS group). The operative time, removal time of double J-tube, postoperative hospital stay, postoperative hemoglobin decrease value, operative complications (using Clavien-Dindo grading criteria), additional postoperative intervention and calculi free rate were compared between two groups.Results:Both groups of patients were successfully operated. The operative time, postoperative hemoglobin decrease value and rate of additional postoperative intervention in ECIRS group were significantly lower than those in PCNL group: (98.3 ± 19.1) min vs. (103.4 ± 16.5) min, (9.34 ± 3.04) g/L vs. (12.55 ± 4.75) g/L and 8.00% (4/50) vs. 21.82% (12/55), the calculi free rate was significantly higher than that in PCNL group: 90.00% (45/50) vs. 74.55% (41/55), and there were no statistical differences ( P<0.05 or <0.01); there were no statistical differences in the removal time of double J-tube, postoperative hospital stay, incidence of Clavien-Dindo≥ grade Ⅱ operative complications between two groups ( P>0.05). Conclusion:The complete lateral position ECIRS is a safe and effective treatment for staghorn kidney calculi, and is a good complement to the ECIRS technique because of its high stone free rate in phase Ⅰ, low complication incidence and easy dissemination.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990267

ABSTRACT

This paper reviewed the progress and application of the integration theory of health behavior change, so as to provide a theoretical basis for improving the health literacy of Chinese residents, changing bad behavior and obtaining health outcomes. At the same time, it provides an implementable theoretical basis for the guidance model of health education, in order to provide theoretical suggestions for patients to change bad behavior and residents to strengthen health behavior.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989958

ABSTRACT

The phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome ten (PTEN) is a common oncogene located in the 10q23.3 region on the long arm of human chromosome l0, which regulates a variety of biological processes such as proliferation, survival, cell structure, motility, energy metabolism and genomic stability. Inactivation of PTEN is prevalent in almost all malignancies and correlates with tumor progression. Thyroid malignancies are among the most common endocrine malignancies, and PTEN has been shown to be critically associated with their development. The aim of this review is to describe the structural function of PTEN, as well as to summarize and discuss the recent findings of PTEN in thyroid malignancies.

18.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1183-1196, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927773

ABSTRACT

Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have broad application potentials in regenerative medicine and translational medicine. Obtaining large quantities of primary-cultured MSCs and select the most suitable cell origin for targeted diseases are critical to research. To select the most suitable seed cells of MSCs from different origins for clinical treatment and research, biological characteristics of MSCs from human umbilical cord and placenta were compared. These include cell morphology, surface marker expression, differentiation and karyotype. Transcriptome sequencing of four MSCs from fetus were performed and the results were analyzed from the perspective of proliferation and cytokine secretion. The results revealed that MSCs from umbilical cord (UC), amniotic membrane (AM), chorionic membrane (CM), chorionic villi (CV) and deciduae (DC) met the minimum standards of the International Society of Cell Therapy (ISCT) in 2006 and had the general characteristics of stem cells. Karyotype analysis showed that MSCs derived from UC, AM, CM and CV were all from fetus except that the DC-MSCs were from mother. Transcriptome sequencing analysis showed that hMSCs from umbilical cord and placenta had similar gene expression patterns, while different expression patterns were observed in specific genes involved in cell cycle, cell division, cell death, cell growth and development. These genes play important roles in transcriptional regulation, DNA repair, DNA replication and chromosome stability, which were momentous components of cellular or subcellular fraction movement, cell communication, cell tissue protrusions, cytokine secretion and hormone metabolism. Transcriptome sequencing analysis explained the differences in biological characteristics among MSCs from different sources, while verification experiments based on the transcriptome sequencing results showed that the proliferation and cytokine secretion capabilities of MSCs from different sources were significantly different. In all, UC-MSCs and CV-MSCs with stronger proliferation and higher levels of paracrine factors secretion may show their respective advantages in treating diseases.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Cell Differentiation , Fetus , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Placenta , Umbilical Cord
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928474

ABSTRACT

Chronic wounds have always been a tough fight in clinical practice, which can not only make patients suffer from pain physically and mentally but also impose a heavy burden on the society. More than one factor is relevant to each step of the development of chronic wounds. Along with the in-depth research, we have realized that figuring out the pathophysiological mechanism of chronic wounds is the foundation of treatment, while wound infection is the key point concerned. The cause of infection should be identified and prevented promptly once diagnosed. This paper mainly describes the mechanism, diagnosis and therapeutic strategies of chronic wound infection, and will put an emphasis on the principle of debridement.


Subject(s)
Humans , Chronic Disease , Debridement , Wound Infection/therapy
20.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 650-660, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940971

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the feasibility on the preparation of novel negative pressure materials for constructing new matrix of full-thickness skin defect wounds in rats. Methods: The experimental research method was applied. The microstructure of polyurethane foam dressing which was commonly used in negative pressure treatment was observed under scanning electron microscope, and its pore diameter was detected (n=5). Polycaprolactone (PCL) and polybutylene succinate (PBS) were used respectively as raw materials for the preparation of PCL and PBS negative pressure materials by melt spinning technology, with the measured pore diameter of polyurethane foam dressing as the spinning spacing at the spinning rates of 15, 25, and 35 mm/s, respectively. The microstructures of the prepared negative pressure materials were observed under scanning electron microscope, and their fiber diameters were measured. The tensile strength and tensile modulus of the prepared negative pressure materials and polyurethane foam dressing were measured by tensile testing machine and composite testing machine, respectively (n=5), to screen the spinning rate for subsequent preparation of negative pressure materials. Human skin fibroblasts (Fbs) in logarithmic growth phase were co-cultured with PCL negative pressure material and PBS negative pressure material prepared at the selected spinning rate, respectively. After 1, 4, and 7 day (s) of co-culture, the cell activity and adhesion in the materials was detected by living/dead cells detection kit, and the cell proliferation level in the materials was detected by cell counting kit 8 method (n=5). A full-thickness skin defect wound was prepared on the back of 18 5-6 weeks old Sprague-Dawley rats (gender unlimited). Immediately after injury, the injured rats were divided into PCL+polyurethane group, PBS+polyurethane group, and polyurethane alone group according to the random number table (with 6 rats in each group). The wounds were covered with materials containing corresponding component and performed with continuous negative pressure suction at the negative pressure of -16.7 kPa. The wound tissue along with materials directly contacted to the wound (hereinafter referred to as wound specimens) were collected from 3 rats in each group after 7 and 14 days of negative pressure treatment (NPT), respectively. The growth of granulation tissue and the attachment of material to wound surface were observed after hematoxylin-eosin staining, the collagen fiber deposition was observed after Masson staining, and CD34 and interleukin-6 (IL-6) positive cells were detected and counted by immunohistochemical staining. Data were statistically analyzed with one-way analysis of variance, analysis of variance for factorial design, least significant difference-t test, Kruskal-Wallis H test, Mann-Whitney U test, and Bonferroni correction. Results: The microstructure of polyurethane foam dressing was loose and porous, with the pore diameter of (815±182) μm. The spinning spacing for the subsequent negative pressure material was set as 800 μm. The microstructures of PBS negative pressure material and PCL negative pressure material were regular, with vertically interconnected layers and continuous fibers in even thickness, but the fibers of PBS negative pressure material were straighter than those of PCL negative pressure material. There was no obvious difference in the microstructure of negative pressure materials prepared from the same raw material at different spinning rates. The fiber diameters of PCL negative pressure materials prepared at three spinning rates were similar (P>0.05). The fiber diameters of PBS negative pressure materials prepared at spinning rates of 25 mm/s and 35 mm/s were significantly smaller than the fiber diameter of PBS negative pressure material prepared at the spinning rate of 15 mm/s (with t values of 4.99 and 6.40, respectively, P<0.01). Both the tensile strength and tensile modulus of PCL negative pressure materials prepared at three spinning rates were similar (P>0.05). The tensile strength of PBS negative pressure materials prepared at spinning rates of 15 mm/s and 25 mm/s was significantly lower than that of PBS negative pressure materials prepared at the spinning rate of 35 mm/s (with t values of 9.20 and 8.92, respectively, P<0.01), and the tensile modulus was significantly lower than that of PBS negative pressure materials prepared at the spinning rate of 35 mm/s (with t values of 2.58 and 2.47, respectively, P<0.05). Subsequently, PCL negative pressure material was prepared at the spinning rate of 35 mm/s, and PBS negative pressure material was prepared at the spinning rate of 15 mm/s. After 1, 4, and 7 day (s) of co-culture, the number of human skin Fbs that adhered to PCL negative pressure material and PBS negative pressure material increased with time, and there was no significant difference between the two materials. After 1 and 7 day (s) of co-culture, the proliferation levels of human skin Fbs between the two negative pressure materials were similar (P>0.05). After being co-cultured for 4 days, the proliferation level of human skin Fbs in PBS negative pressure material was significantly higher than that in PCL negative pressure material (t=6.37, P<0.01). After 7 days of NPT, the materials were clearly identifiable and a small amount of collagen fibers were also observed in the wound specimens of rats in the three groups; a small amount of granulation tissue was observed in the wound specimens of rats in polyurethane alone group. After 14 days of NPT, a large number of granulation tissue and collagen fibers were observed in the wound specimens of rats in the three groups; the materials and wound tissue in the wound specimens of rats in PCL+polyurethane group could not be clearly distinguished. After 7 and 14 days of NPT, the collagen fibers in the wound specimens of rats in polyurethane alone group were denser than those in the other two groups. After 7 days of NPT, the number of CD34 positive cells in the wound specimens of rats in PBS+polyurethane group was 14.8±3.6 per 400 times visual field, which was significantly less than 27.8±9.1 in polyurethane alone group (t=3.06, P<0.05); the number of IL-6 positive cells was 60 (49, 72), which was significantly more than 44 (38, 50) in polyurethane alone group (Z=2.41, P<0.05). After 14 days of NPT, the number of IL-6 positive cells in the wound specimens of rats in PBS+polyurethane group was 19 (12, 28) per 400 times visual field, which was significantly more than 3 (1, 10) in PCL+polyurethane group and 9 (2, 13) in polyurethane alone group (with Z values of 2.61 and 2.40, respectively, P<0.05). Conclusions: The prepared PCL negative pressure material and PBS negative pressure material have good biocompatibility, and can successfully construct the new matrix of full-thickness skin defect wounds in rats. PCL negative pressure material is better than PBS negative pressure material in general.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Rats , Collagen , Feasibility Studies , Interleukin-6 , Polyurethanes , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Skin Abnormalities , Soft Tissue Injuries , Wound Healing
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