Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 752
Filter
1.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 605-612, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984756

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and influencing factors of programmed death protein 1 (PD-1) monoclonal antibody rechallenge therapy in advanced gastric cancer (GC). Methods: The clinical data of patients with advanced GC who were treated with anti-PD-1 rechallenge in Henan Cancer Hospital from January 2020 to December 2021 were collected retrospectively. The progression-free survival (PFS) was defined as the time from the first or second used of anti-PD-1 treatment to the date of disease progression or the last follow-up, named PFS(1) and PFS(2), respectively. Kaplan-Meier method and Log rank test were used for survival analysis, Cox proportional hazard model was used to analyze the influencing factors. Results: A total of 60 patients with anti-PD-1 rechallenge therapy were collected, the median follow-up time was 12.2 months. The median progression-free survival (PFS(2)) of anti-PD-1 rechallenge therapy was 2.9 months, the objective response rate (ORR) was 16.7%, and the disease control rate (DCR) was 55.0%. The median PFS(2) of the first and second anti-PD-1 identical and different rechallenge treatment was 3.5 months and 1.9 months (P=0.007) respectively. The median PFS(2) of positive PD-L1 expression in rechallenge therapy was 3.4 months, ORR was 22.7%, and DCR was 63.6%; the median PFS(2) was 4.5 months, ORR was 27.3%, and DCR was 54.5% in patients with median PFS(1)≥6 months. Multivariate analysis showed that peritoneal metastasis was independently associated with anti-PD-1 rechallenge therapy with PFS(2) (HR=2.327, 95% CI, 1.066-5.082, P=0.034). The incidence of adverse reactions in grade 1-2 and grade 3-4 of anti-PD-1 rechallenge therapy was 83.3%, and 35.0%, respectively, and the safety was controllable. Conclusion: Rechallenge therapy with anti-PD-1 is a feasible treatment in advanced GC, but the screening of suitable population for rechallenge therapy still needs prospective data analysis and verification.


Subject(s)
Humans , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology , Retrospective Studies , Prospective Studies , Antibodies, Monoclonal/therapeutic use , Immunotherapy/adverse effects
2.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 465-471, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984645

ABSTRACT

Objective: The purpose of this study was to assess the safety and efficacy of a second allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) with reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) in patients with hematological malignancies who had relapsed after the first allo-HSCT. Methods: Between April 2018 and June 2021, 44 patients with hematological malignancies (B-ALL 23, T-ALL/T-LBL 4, AML15, and MDS 2) were enrolled and retrospectively examined. Unrelated donors (n=12) or haploidentical donors (n=32) were used. Donors were replaced in all patients for the second allo-HSCT. Hematological and immunological germline predisposition genes and hematopoietic and immune function tests were used to select the best-related donor. Total body irradiation (TBI) /fludarabine (FLU) -based (n=38), busulfan (BU) /FLU-based (n=4), total marrow irradiation (TMI) /FLU-based (n=1), and BU/cladribine-based (n=1) were the RIC regimens used. For graft versus host disease (GVHD) prevention, cyclosporine, mycophenolate mofetil, short-term methotrexate, and ATG were used. Eighteen (40.9%) of 44 patients with gene variations for which targeted medications are available underwent post-transplant maintenance therapy. Results: The median age was 25 years old (range: 7-55). The median interval between the first and second HSCT was 19.5 months (range: 6-77). Before the second allo-HSCT, 33 (75%) of the patients were in complete remission (CR), whereas 11 (25%) were not. All patients had long-term engraftment. The grade Ⅱ-Ⅳ GVHD and severe acute GVHD rates were 20.5% and 9.1%, respectively. Chronic GVHD was found in 20.5% of limited patterns and 22.7% of severe patterns. CMV and EBV reactivation rates were 29.5% and 6.8%, respectively. Hemorrhage cystitis occurred in 15.9% of cases, grade Ⅰ or Ⅱ. The 1-yr disease-free survival (DFS), overall survival (OS), and cumulative recurrence incidence (RI) rates of all patients were 72.5% (95% CI, 54.5%-84.3%), 80.6% (95% CI, 63.4%-90.3%), and 25.1% (95% CI, 13.7%-43.2%), respectively, with a median follow-up of 14 (2-39) months. There were eight deaths (seven relapses and one infection). The rate of non-relapse mortality (NRM) was only 2.3%. The CR patients' 1-yr RI rate was significantly lower than the NR patients (16.8% vs 48.1%, P=0.026). The DFS rate in CR patients was greater than in NR patients, although there was no statistical difference (79.9% vs 51.9%, P=0.072). Univariate analysis revealed that CR before the second allo-HSCT was an important prognostic factor. Conclusion: With our RIC regimens, donor change, and post-transplant maintenance therapy, the second allo-HSCT in relapsed hematological malignancies after the first allo-HSCT is a safe and effective treatment with high OS and DFS and low NRM and relapse rate. The most important factor influencing the prognosis of the second allo-HSCT is the patient's illness condition before the transplant.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Retrospective Studies , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Hematologic Neoplasms/therapy , Busulfan/therapeutic use , Graft vs Host Disease/prevention & control , Chronic Disease , Unrelated Donors , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Transplantation, Homologous , Transplantation Conditioning
3.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 685-691, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992872

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the predictive value of ultrasound-based radiomics for liver metastasis in pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (pNEN).Methods:A retrospective analysis was conducted on clinical, pathological, and ultrasound data of 269 pNEN patients confirmed by pathology at Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute and Hospital from January 2012 to June 2022, including 94 patients with liver metastasis and 175 without liver metastasis. The regions of interest (ROI) were delineated on the maximum diameter section of the tumor using ITKSNAP software, and radiomics features were extracted using Pyradiomics. Radiomics features with an intra-group correlation coefficient greater than 0.90 were retained, and the optimal features were selected using the maximum relevance minimum redundancy (MRMR) algorithm. The dataset was randomly divided into a training set and a validation set in a ratio of 7∶3, and the random forest algorithm (Rfs) was used to predict pNEN liver metastasis. Three models were constructed, including the clinical ultrasound model, the radiomics model, and the comprehensive model that combined clinical ultrasound and radiomics features. The predictive performance of different models for pNEN liver metastasis was analyzed using the ROC curve, and the predictive performance of different models was compared using the Delong test.Results:A total of 874 features were extracted from the ROI, and 12 highly robust radiomics features were retained for model construction based on inter- and intra-observer correlation grading and feature selection. The area under curve(AUC), sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of the radiomics model, the clinical ultrasound model, and the comprehensive model for predicting liver metastasis in pNEN patients were 0.800, 0.574, 0.789, 0.714; 0.780, 0.596, 0.874, 0.777; and 0.890, 0.694, 0.874, 0.810, respectively. The Delong test showed that the comprehensive model had the best predictive performance, with an AUC superior to that of radiomics model ( Z=3.845, P=0.000 12) and clinical ultrasound model ( Z=3.506, P=0.000 45). Conclusions:The radiomics model based on ultrasound has good performance in predicting liver metastasis in pNEN, and the comprehensive model that combines clinical ultrasound and radiomics features can further improve the predictive performance of the model.

4.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 505-511, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992740

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the feasibility and clinical efficacy of percutaneous anterior column screwing assisted by blocking screws for pelvic and acetabular fractures.Methods:A retrospective analysis was conducted of the 13 patients who had been admitted from July 2019 to April 2022 for pelvic and acetabular fractures. There were 8 males and 5 females with an age of (49.1±13.3) years, 7 acetabular fractures (6 on one side and 1 on both sides; by the Letournel-Judet classification: 5 anterior column fractures on 6 sides, and 2 transverse and posterior wall fractures on 2 sides), and 6 pelvic fractures (5 complicated with pelvic posterior ring fracture; by the Tile classification: 1 case of type B2, 3 cases of type C1, and 2 cases of type C2). According to the anatomic zones of the anterior column, 5 fractures were at zone Ⅲ, 3 ones at zone Ⅳ, and 6 ones at zone Ⅴ. The time from injury to surgery ranged from 3 to 14 days, averaging (8.2±2.9) days. Anterograde anterior column screwing assisted by blocking screws was performed for all the 13 patients; the posterior ring was fixated with percutaneous sacroiliac joint screws for the 5 patients complicated with pelvic posterior ring fracture. The surgical time, intraoperative fluoroscopy frequency, and intraoperative bleeding volume for insertion of anterior column screws, fracture reduction quality, and hip joint function at the last follow-up were recorded.Results:A total of 14 anterior column screws were inserted percutaneously in the 13 patients. For insertion of anterior column screws, the surgical time was (65.0±10.2) min, the intraoperative fluoroscopy frequency (63.5±14.5) times, and the intraoperative bleeding volume for each screw less than 30 mL. All the incisions healed primarily after surgery, without such complications as iatrogenic neurovascular injury or poor wound healing. All the 13 patients were followed up for (11.1±2.2) months after surgery. In the patient with bilateral acetabular anterior column fractures for which 2 anterior column screws had been inserted, one screw had to be removed due to its displacement at 1 month after surgery; no such complications as loosening of internal fixation or fracture re-displacement was found in the other patients. All fractures healed after (10.2±2.1) months. According to the Matta scoring for quality of fracture reduction, 7 sides were excellent, 5 sides good, and 2 sides poor; according to the Majeed scoring for the 6 patients with pelvic fracture at the last follow-up, the efficacy was rated as excellent in 4 cases and as good in 2 ones; according to the modified Merle d'Aubigné & Postel scoring for the 7 patients with 8 acetabular fractures at the last follow-up, the efficacy was rated as excellent in 4 hips, as good in 3 hips, and as fair in 1 hip.Conclusion:For pelvic and acetabular fractures, minimally invasive percutaneous anterior column screwing assisted by blocking screws can result in fine clinical efficacy, in addition to its easy procedures, safety and reliability.

5.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 248-253, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992704

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate a wound diagnosis and treatment mode with integrated medical care in the repair of chronic infectious wounds plus bone exposure at lower extremities.Methods:A retrospective analysis was conducted of the 64 patients with chronic infectious wound plus bone exposure at the lower 1/3 of the leg who had been admitted to Department of Orthopedics Trauma and Microsurgery, Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University from January 2019 to December 2021. The patients were divided into 2 groups according to the wound diagnosis and treatment mode. In the observation group of 31 patients subjected to the wound diagnosis and treatment mode with integrated medical care led by specialist nurses, there were 24 males and 7 females with an age of (53.6±12.4) years, the wound was located at the tibial side in 15 cases and at the fibular side in 16 cases, the wound areas averaged [28.27 (23.56, 37.70) cm 2], and the time from injury to treatment was (27.3±4.1) d. Evaluation of the patient's condition, wound diagnosis and formulation of treatment protocols were performed jointly by a doctor-nurse team after the patients were admitted, and continuous diagnosis and treatment of the wounds were carried out mainly by specialist nurses during the doctors' follow-up. In the control group of 33 patients subjected to the conventional wound diagnosis and treatment mode led by doctors, there were 25 males and 8 females with an age of (51.3±14.3) years, the wound was located at the tibial side in 17 cases and at the fibular side in 16 cases, the wound areas averaged [27.49 (17.84, 40.45) cm 2], and the time from injury to treatment was (27.6±4.0) d. The 2 groups were compared in the wound healing rate, wound recurrence rate, hospitalization time and patients' satisfaction. Results:There was no significant difference in the preoperative general data between the 2 groups, showing comparability ( P>0.05). The observation group achieved a significantly higher wound healing rate within 1 month after treatment [83.87% (26/31)] than the control group [60.61% (20/33)], a significantly lower wound recurrence rate within 6 months after treatment [0% (0/31)] than the control group [18.18% (6/33)], significantly shorter hospitalization time [18.0 (15.1, 20.9) d] than the control group [26.8 (18.4, 40.1) d], and significantly higher patients' satisfaction [50 (50, 50) points] than the control group [50 (42, 50) points] (all P<0.05). Conclusion:In the repair of chronic infectious wounds plus bone exposure at lower extremities, the wound diagnosis and treatment mode with integrated medical care led by specialist nurses may result in a higher wound healing rate, a lower wound recurrence rate, a shorter hospital stay and higher patients' satisfaction than the conventional wound diagnosis and treatment mode led by doctors.

6.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 545-550, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992633

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the predictive performance of different machine learning models using pre-hospital data to predict adverse inhospital outcome in patients with severe trauma.Methods:A retrospective cohort study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 100 135 patients with severe trauma from the National Trauma Data Bank (NTDB) from January 2017 to December 2018. There were 69 644 males and 30 480 females apart from 11 patients with missing gender information, with the range age of 16-89 years [(50.1±21.1)years]. Clinical characteristics included demographic information (sex and age), trauma type (blunt or penetrating trauma), pre-hospital time [emergency medical services (EMS) response time, EMS scene time, and EMS transport time], pre-hospital vital signs (systolic blood pressure, pulse rate, respiratory rate, and oxygen saturation), trauma score [Glasgow coma score (GCS) and injury severity score (ISS)]. The original data were divided into the training set (in the year 2017) and the testing set (in the year 2018) according to the year of admission, including 50 429 patients in the training set and 49 706 patients in the testing set. The patients were classified into non-adverse outcome group ( n=94 526) and adverse outcome group ( n=5 609), according to whether they had an adverse outcome or not. There were 2 808 patients with adverse outcome in the training set and 2 801 patients with adverse outcome in the testing set. All models were built based on the training set. Eight machine learning algorithms consisting of neural network (NNET), naive Bayes (NB), gradient boosting machine (GBM), adaptive boosting (Ada), random forest (RF), bagging tree (BT), categorical boosting (CatBoost) and extreme gradient boosting (XGB) were used to construct prediction models for clinical outcomes among patients with severe trauma based on their clinical features. Models were evaluated according to the sensitivity, specificity, area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve (AUC) and Hosmer-Lemeshow goodness-of-fit test. Results:Of the NNET, NB, GBM, Ada, RF, BT, CatBoost and XGB models in the testing set, the sensitivity was 0.84, 0.83, 0.27, 0.79, 0.83, 0.81, 0.62 and 0.78, respectively; the specificity was 0.79, 0.76, 0.81, 0.79, 0.79, 0.74, 0.83 and 0.79, respectively; the AUC was 0.89 (95% CI 0.88, 0.90), 0.86 (95% CI 0.85, 0.87), 0.54 (95% CI 0.53, 0.55), 0.86 (95% CI 0.85, 0.87), 0.88 (95% CI 0.88, 0.90), 0.83 (95% CI 0.82, 0.85), 0.77 (95% CI 0.76, 0.79) and 0.86 (95% CI 0.85, 0.87), respectively. The NNET model had the best differentiation. In terms of calibration degree, both NNET and NB showed good performance ( P>0.05 for Hosmer-Lemeshow goodness-of-fit test). Conclusion:The NNET model has a favorable predictive performance for adverse inhospital outcome in patients with severe trauma, which may provide a reference for the rapid prediction of prognosis in patients with severe trauma.

7.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 97-106, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992577

ABSTRACT

During coronavirus disease 2019 epidemic, the treatment of severe trauma has been impacted. The Consensus on emergency surgery and infection prevention and control for severe trauma patients with 2019 novel corona virus pneumonia was published online on February 12, 2020, providing a strong guidance for the emergency treatment of severe trauma and the self-protection of medical staffs in the early stage of the epidemic. With the Joint Prevention and Control Mechanism of the State Council renaming "novel coronavirus pneumonia" to "novel coronavirus infection" and the infection being managed with measures against class B infectious diseases since January 8, 2023, the consensus published in 2020 is no longer applicable to the emergency treatment of severe trauma in the new stage of epidemic prevention and control. In this context, led by the Chinese Traumatology Association, Chinese Trauma Surgeon Association, Trauma Medicine Branch of Chinese International Exchange and Promotive Association for Medical and Health Care, and Editorial Board of Chinese Journal of Traumatology, the Chinese expert consensus on emergency surgery for severe trauma and infection prevention during coronavirus disease 2019 epidemic ( version 2023) is formulated to ensure the effectiveness and safety in the treatment of severe trauma in the new stage. Based on the policy of the Joint Prevention and Control Mechanism of the State Council and by using evidence-based medical evidence as well as Delphi expert consultation and voting, 16 recommendations are put forward from the four aspects of the related definitions, infection prevention, preoperative assessment and preparation, emergency operation and postoperative management, hoping to provide a reference for severe trauma care in the new stage of the epidemic prevention and control.

8.
Journal of Modern Urology ; (12): 1042-1045, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005938

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To explore a new treatment of primary bilateral macronodular adrenal hyperplasia (PBMAH) and its efficacy. 【Methods】 Clinical data of 20 PBMAH patients treated in our hospital during Mar.2010 and Apr.2021 were retrospectively analyzed. All patients underwent laparoscopic subcutaneous displacement of vascularized adrenal. The clinical symptoms, plasma free cortisol, adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH), and 24 h urinary free cortisol were regularly monitored after surgery. 【Results】 Of all 20 patients, 19 were followed up for 18 to 120 months (median 60 months). Three months after surgery, reexamination showed 1 patient had decreased plasma free cortisol and increased ACTH, but had no symptoms of low corticosteroids. After another 3 months, the plasma free cortisol and ACTH returned to normal. After 4 to 48 months, the parameters recovered in all patients and the clinical symptoms disappeared. 【Conclusion】 Laparoscopic vascularized adrenal displacement is a new and effective method for the treatment of PBMAH. It can alleviate the Cushing syndrome with no obvious adverse reactions.

9.
Sichuan Mental Health ; (6): 503-508, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005284

ABSTRACT

BackgroundPerinatal depression seriously affects the physical and mental health of pregnant women, such as affecting their role transition, identity, and family relationships, etc. In severe case, it can even lead to suicidal behavior, causing a heavy burden on pregnant women and their families. A hierarchical management model centered on pregnant women, involving collaboration of families, communities, and hospitals, facilitates comprehensive and dynamic management of perinatal depression. ObjectiveTo evaluate the application effect of "Internet +" hospital-community-family trinity linkage management model on perinatal depression in pregnant women, in order to provide a reference for the clinical intervention. Methods80 pregnant women who established medical records from the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology of Mianyang Third People's Hospital from January to December 2022, with Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) score>9, were selected as the research objects. According to the random number table method, they were divided into a study group and a control group, each group consisting of 40 cases. Both groups received routine nursing intervention in the pregnant women's school of obstetrics and gynecology outpatient department before delivery, and in the study room of the department of obstetrics and gynecology after being admitted to the hospital for delivery. After discharge, they received routine follow-up until 42 days postpartum. The study group received the "Internet +" hospital-community-family ternary linkage management on the basis. EPDS, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), Generic Quality of Life Inventory (GQOLI-74) and Nursing Satisfaction questionnaire were assessed before intervention and 42 days postpartum. ResultsAfter intervention, the EPDS score and PSQI score of the study group were lower than those of the control group (F=42.823, 60.453, P<0.05), GQOLI-74 score and nursing satisfaction were higher than those of the control group (F=198.902, χ2=5.165, P<0.05) . Conclusion"Internet +" hospital-community-family trinity linkage management model may help to improve the severity of perinatal depression symptoms, improve the quality of sleep and life, and increase the satisfaction of pregnant women.[Funded by Mianyang Health Scientific Research Commission Project (number, 202134)]

10.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 567-570, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004785

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To study the correlation between platelet transfusion efficacy and KIR receptor-HLA ligand. 【Methods】 Thirty-three leukemia patients with positive HLA antibody were tested for cross-matching with donor platelets. Platelets from suitable donors were selected for transfusion, and the 24-hour platelet corrected count increment (CCI) was used to determine the transfusion effect. KIR and ligand genotyping were performed on blood samples from patients and donors by PCR-SSP method, and the relationship between platelet transfusion effects and KIR receptor-HLA ligand was analyzed. 【Results】 In 74 occasions of platelet transfusion, 42 were ineffective and 32 were effective. When the donor had C2 gene and HLA-B Bw4-80T gene, the frequency of ineffective platelet transfusion in the recipient was 69.0% (29/42) and 52.4% (22/35), respectively, which was significantly higher than that in the effective group [25.0% (8/32) and 25.0% (8/32)]. When the donor had C1 gene, and the frequency of effective platelet transfusion in the recipient was 100.0%(32/32), which was higher than that in the ineffective group [83.3%(35/42)]. When the recipient-donor matching mode was KIR2DL1-C2 and KIR3DL1-(HLA-B Bw4-80T), the frequency of ineffective platelet transfusion was 69.0%(29/42) and 40.5%(22/42),higher than that of the effective group [25% (8/32) and 18.8% (6/32)]. When the recipient-donor matching model was KIR2DL3-C1, the rate of effective platelet transfusion in 32 patients (100.0%), which was higher than that (35 patients 83. 3%) in the ineffective group. When the mismatch mode of recipient iKIR+donor HLA ligand receptor was KIR2DL1-C2, the frequency of effective platelet transfusion in the recipient was 78.1% (25/32), which was much higher than that in the ineffective group [31.0% (13/42)]. When the mismatch mode was KIR3DL1-(HLA-B Bw4-80T), the rate of effective platelet transfusion in the recipient was 68.8% (22/32), which was higher than that in the ineffective group (42.9%, 18/42). The difference between the above groups was statistically significant(P<0.05). 【Conclusion】 HLA-C1 and HLA-C2 genes are the key factors affecting the efficacy of platelet transfusion.For platelet refractorines, HLA-C1 is the protective gene, while HLA-C2 and HLA-B Bw4-80T are the susceptible genes. The recipient iKIR+donor HLA ligand receptor model may play an important role in platelet refractoriness.

11.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 437-443, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003599

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the distribution characteristics of emerging and reemerging Oncomelania hupensis snails after the criteria for transmission control of schistosomiasis were achieved in China, so as to provide insights into assessment of schistosomiasis transmission risk and formulation of snail control strategies during the elimination phase. Methods O. hupensis survey data in China from 2015 to 2021 were collected from the National Schistosomiasis Pevention and Control Information Management System, and the distribution characteristics of emerging and reemerging O. hupensis snails were descriptively analyzed. Results Emerging and reemerging O. hupensis snails were identified in China each year from 2015 to 2021, with relatively larger areas with emerging and reemerging O. hupensis snail habitats in 2016 and 2021, and relatively higher numbers of counties (districts) where emerging and reemerging O. hupensis snails were detected in 2016 and 2021. A total of 4 586.30 hm2 of emerging O. hupensis snail habitats were found in 10 schistosomiasis-endemic provinces of China (except Fujian and Yunnan Provinces) from 2015 to 2021, with 96.80% in Anhui, Hunan and Hubei provinces, where marshland and lake endemic foci were predominant. A total of 21 023.90 hm2 of reemerging O. hupensis snail habitats were found in 12 schistosomiasis-endemic provinces of China from 2015 to 2021, with 97.67% in six provinces of Hubei, Sichuan, Jiangxi, Jiangsu, Yunnan and Anhui, where marshland and lake and hilly endemic regions were predominant. Emerging snail habitats were found in 15.08% of all schistosomiasisendemic counties (districts) in China from 2015 to 2021, and 78.75% of all emerging snail habitats were identified in 11 schistosomiasis-endemic counties (districts), with the largest area of emerging snail habitats found in Lixian County, Hunan Province (645.00 hm2). Reemerging snail habitats were found in 47.67% of all schistosomiasis-endemic counties (districts) in China from 2015 to 2021, and 43.29% of all reemerging snail habitats were identified in 11 schistosomiasis-endemic counties (districts), with the largest area of reemerging snail habitats found in Weishan Li and Hui Autonomous County of Hunan Province (1 579.70 hm2). Conclusions Emerging and reemerging O. hupensis snails were identified in China each year from 2015 to 2021, with much larger areas of reemerging snail habitats than emerging snail habitats, and larger numbers of schistosomiasis-endemic provinces and counties (districts) with reemerging snails were found that those of provinces and counties (districts) with emerging snails. Specific snail control interventions are required tailored to the causes of emerging and reemerging snail habitats. Both emergence and reemergence of O. hupensis snails should be paid attention to in marshland and lake endemic areas, and Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, Shanghai Municipality and Zhejiang Province where schistosomiasis had been eliminated, and reemergence of O. hupensis snails should be given a high priority in hilly areas. In addition, monitoring of O. hupensis snails should be reinforced in snail-free areas after flooding.

12.
International Journal of Stem Cells ; : 180-190, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1000529

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#Regenerative endodontic procedures (REPs) are a research hotspot in the endodontic field. One of the biggest problems of REPs is that it is difficult to realize regeneration of pulp-dentin complex and functional reconstruction. The reason is still not clear. We hypothesize that the migration may be different in different dental stem cells. Periodontal ligament stem cells (PDLSCs) may migrate faster than stem cells of apical papilla (SCAPs), differentiating into cementum-like tissue, bone-like tissue and periodontal ligament-like tissue and, finally affecting the outcomes of REPs. Hence, this study aimed to explore the mechanism that regulates the migration of PDLSCs. @*Methods@#and Results: After isolating and culturing PDLSCs and SCAPs from human third molars, we compared the migration of PDLSCs and SCAPs. Then we investigated the role of SDF-1α-CXCR4/CXCR7 axis in PDLSC migration. We further investigated the impact of Porphyromonas gingivalis (P. gingivalis) lipopolysaccharide (LPS) on PDLSC migration and the potential mechanism. PDLSCs showed better migration under both noninflammatory and inflammatory conditions than SCAPs. SDF-1α can promote the migration of PDLSCs by elevating the expression of CXCR4 and CXCR7, increasing the interaction between them, promoting expression of β-arrestin1 and activating the ERK signaling pathway. P. gingivalis LPS can promote the migration of PDLSCs toward SDF-1α through increasing the expression of CXCR4 via the NF-κB signaling pathway, promoting the expression of β-arrestin1, and activating the ERK signaling pathway. @*Conclusions@#This study helped elucidate the potential reason for the difficulty in forming pulp-dentin complex.

13.
Chinese Journal of Ocular Fundus Diseases ; (6): 307-311, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995629

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the anastomotic status of the vortex veins in patients with central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC).Methods:A cross-sectional study of clinical practice. From July 2021 to July 2022, 50 cases (50 eyes) of monocular CSC patients diagnosed through ophthalmic examination at the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University were included in the study. Among them, there were 37 males (74.0%, 37/50) and 13 females (26.0%, 13/50), with the mean age of (44.30±9.59) years old. The course of disease from the onset of symptoms to the time of treatment was less than 3 months. The affected eye and contralateral eye of CSC patients were divided into the affected eye group and contralateral eye group, respectively. Fifty healthy volunteers of the same age and gender were selected as the normal control group with 50 eyes. The macular area scanning source optical coherence tomography (OCT) vascular imaging examination was performed with Visual Microimaging (Henan) Technology Co., Ltd. VG200D. Horizontal watershed vortex veins anastomosis rate and asymmetric vortex-venous dilation rate were observed by en face OCT. The device comes with software to calculate the central foveal choroidal thickness (SFCT), mean choroidal thickness (MCT), and choroidal vascular index (CVI). One-way analysis of variance and χ2 test were used to compare the three groups. When variances were unequal between groups, nonparametric tests were performed. Results:The SFCT values of the affected eye group, contralateral eye group, and normal control group were (567.12±129.02), (513.26±133.17), (327.64±97.40) μm, respectively; MCT were (407.38±97.54), (388.24±94.13), (275.46±60.55) μm, respectively; CVI were 0.34±0.05, 0.32±0.04, and 0.27±0.04, respectively; anastomosis rates of vortex veins were 98% (49/50), 78% (39/50), and 40% (20/50), respectively; asymmetric dilation rates of vortex veins were 96% (48/50), 88% (44/50), and 48% (24/50), respectively. The differences of SFCT ( F=53.974), MCT ( Z=51.415), CVI ( F=28.082), vortex vein anastomosis rate ( χ2=43.056), asymmetric dilation rate of vortex veins ( χ2=37.728) among three groups were statistically significant ( P<0.001). Compared with the contralateral eye group, the SFCT, MCT, CVI, vortex vein anastomosis rate, and vortex vein asymmetric dilation rate in the affected eye group were significantly higher than those in the contralateral eye group. Among them, the differences of SFCT ( t=2.054), CVI ( t=2.211), and vortex vein anastomosis rate ( χ2=9.470) were statistically significant ( P<0.05); the differences of MCT ( Z=7.490), asymmetric dilation rate of vortex veins ( χ2=2.714) were not statistically significant ( P=1.000, 0.140). Conclusions:SFCT, MCT, and CVI in the affected and contralateral eyes of monocular CSC patients significantly increase. The anastomotic rate and asymmetric dilation rate of the vortex vein in the opposite eye were lower than those in the affected eye.

14.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 207-212, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995546

ABSTRACT

Objective:Immune checkpoint inhibitors have a high remission rate in the preoperative application of resectable and potentially resectable non-small cell lung cancer when combined with chemotherapy. For the unresectable stage Ⅲ non-small cell lung cancer, whether the transformation can be achieved through this regimen to provide opportunities for surgical resection is controversial. In this study, we evaluated the pattern of transformation therapy by reviewing the efficacy and safety of preoperative therapy and surgery of this group.Methods:A review of 23 patients undergoing surgical resection after transformation therapy by preoperative immunotherapy combined chemotherapy between November 2019 and November 2021 was performed. All patients must clarify the pathological diagnosis of non-small cell lung cancer by biopsy. After the multi-disciplinary treatment team and preoperative imaging assessment, the diagnosis should be consistent with unresectable stage III as described in the Expert Consensus on Multidisciplinary Management of Stage Ⅲ Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer, 2019 Edition. After 2 to 4 cycles of preoperative anti-PD-1 monoclonal antibody combined with chemotherapy, the surgical team assessed the chance of resection and performed surgery. Important indicators such as surgical resection rate, R0 resection rate, MPR, pCR, incidence of grade 3-5 adverse reactions and various other perioperative data were counted.Results:In the whole group, initial imaging evaluation was 10 of stage cⅢA and 13 of stage cⅢB.15 cases had multiple stations N2 lymph nodes metastasis, 9 had enlarged fused N2 lymph nodes metastasis, 6 had large vessel invasion(T4), and 1 had contralateral mediastinal lymph node metastasis(N3). After preoperative neoadjuvant therapy, 17 cases achieved PR, 3 achieved SD and 3 achieved PD. The surgical resection rate of the whole group was 91.3%(21/23, 1 lobectomy combined with superior vena cava reconstruction, 2 sleeve lobectomy, 5 pneumonectomy, 12 lobectomy/combined lobectomy, 1 wedge resection and 2 unresectable cases), R0 resection rate was 95.2%(20/21). MPR was achieved in 13 cases, 8 of them reached pCR. There were no perioperative deaths, median surgical time was 260(190-460) min, median bleeding volume was 100(50-750) ml, median drainage time was 5(3-9) days, and median hospitalization was 7(5-11) days. Two cases got immunotherapy-related grade 3 adverse reactions, one was interstitial pneumonia and the other was immune-related injury involving the eye, oral and genital mucosa. Two cases got surgical complications and one was persistent lung leakage, which stopped after 46 days of conservative treatment; The other was pleural effusion, which was relieved after drainage.Conclusion:For the unresectable stage Ⅲ NSCLC, immunotherapy combined chemotherapy is an effective preoperative downstage method. It can convert 91.3% cases to resectable ones while achieving a good degree of pathological remission. Its side reactions are generally controllable and safety.

15.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 430-434, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993831

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the predictive value of the epithelial cell proliferation(ECP)pathway genes for the prognosis of elderly non-small cell lung cancer patients treated with immunotherapy.Methods:A total of 106 elderly patients aged 70 years and over receiving immunotherapy in the POPLAR and OAK clinical trials were retrospectively analyzed in October 2022.According to the mutation status, patients were divided into an ECP pathway-related gene mutation group(ECP mutation group, n=25)and an ECP pathway-related gene non-mutation group(ECP non-mutation group, n=81). The primary endpoints were overall survival(OS)and progression-free survival(PFS). Differences in survival and efficacy between the two groups were compared, and subgroup analysis was performed on clinical factors and genes involved in the pathway.Pyclone was used to calculate the distribution of major clones and subclones in each patient, and differences in survival were compared.Results:Survival outcomes were worse in the ECP(+ )group than in the ECP(-)group(mOS: 10.9 months vs.17.1 months, HR=1.84, 95% CI: 1.09-3.08, P<0.05; mPFS: 2.8 months vs.4.2 months, HR=1.58, 95% CI: 1.00-2.51, P<0.05). Of all mutations in ECP pathway-related genes, mutations in the RB1 gene had a significant prognostic effect on all patients, with the negative prognostic effect especially prominent in ECP(+ )patients.Compared with ECP(-)patients, ECP(+ )patients had a shorter mOS(6.9 months vs.12.6 months, HR=3.14, 95% CI: 1.10-8.97, P=0.024). Ten patients had clonal mutations and 15 patients had sub-clonal mutations in ECP pathway-related genes and the former had a shorter mPFS than the latter(1.3 months vs.5.3 months, HR=3.23, 95% CI: 1.25-8.37, P=0.011). Conclusions:Gene mutations in the epithelial cell proliferation pathway are a negative prognostic factor in elderly non-small cell lung cancer patients receiving immunotherapy, and mutations located in the clonal cluster have a stronger impact on the prognosis.

16.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1413-1421, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980919

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Large disparities exist in liver cancer burden trends across countries but are poorly understood. We aimed to investigate the global trajectories of liver cancer burden, explore the driving forces, and predict future trends.@*METHODS@#Data on the liver cancer burden in 204 countries and territories from 1990 to 2019 were extracted from the Global Burden of Disease Study. The age-standardized incidence rate (ASIR) and age-standardized mortality rate (ASMR) trajectories were defined using growth mixture models. Five major risk factors contributing to changes in the ASIR or ASMR and socioeconomic determinants were explored using the identified trajectories. A Bayesian age-period-cohort model was used to predict future trends through 2035.@*RESULTS@#Three trajectories of liver cancer burden were identified: increasing, stable, and decreasing groups. Almost half of the American countries were classified in the decreasing group (48.6% for ASIR and ASMR), and the increasing group was the most common in the European region (ASIR, 49.1%; ASMR, 37.7%). In the decreasing group, the decrease of liver cancer due to hepatitis B contributed 63.4% and 60.4% of the total decreases in ASIR and ASMR, respectively. The increase of liver cancer due to alcohol use, hepatitis C, and hepatitis B contributed the most to the increase in the increasing group (30.8%, 31.1%, and 24.2% for ASIR; 33.7%, 30.2%, and 22.2% for ASMR, respectively). The increasing group was associated with a higher sociodemographic index, gross domestic product per capita, health expenditure per capita, and universal health coverage (all P <0.05). Significant variations in disease burden are predicted to continue through 2035, with a disproportionate burden in the decreasing group.@*CONCLUSION@#Global disparities were observed in liver cancer burden trajectories. Hepatitis B, alcohol use, and hepatitis C were identified as driving forces in different regions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bayes Theorem , Liver Neoplasms , Risk Factors , Hepatitis C/complications , Hepatitis B , Hepacivirus , Incidence
17.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 951-958, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980882

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The clinical features of enthesitis in patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA) have been reported in some Western countries, but data in China are very limited. This study aimed to describe the characteristics of enthesitis in Chinese patients with PsA and compared them with those in other cohorts.@*METHODS@#Patients with PsA enrolled in the Chinese Registry of Psoriatic Arthritis (CREPAR) (December 2018 to June 2021) were included. Data including demographics, clinical characteristics, disease activity measures, and treatment were collected at enrollment. Enthesitis was assessed by the Spondyloarthritis Research Consortium of Canada (SPARCC), Maastricht ankylosing spondylitis enthesitis score (MASES), and Leeds enthesitis index (LEI) indices. A multivariable logistic model was used to identify factors related to enthesitis. We also compared our results with those of other cohorts.@*RESULTS@#In total, 1074 PsA patients were included, 308 (28.7%) of whom had enthesitis. The average number of enthesitis was 3.3 ± 2.8 (range: 1.0-18.0). More than half of the patients (165, 53.6%) had one or two tender entheseal sites. Patients with enthesitis had an earlier age of onset for both psoriasis and arthritis, reported a higher proportion of PsA duration over 5 years, and had a higher percentage of axial involvement and greater disease activity. Multivariable logistic regression showed that axial involvement (odds ratio [OR] 2.21, 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.59-3.08; P <0.001), psoriasis area and severity index (PASI) (OR: 1.03, 95% CI: 1.01-1.04; P = 0.002), and disease activity score 28-C reactive protein (DAS28-CRP) (OR: 1.25, 95% CI: 1.01-1.55; P = 0.037) were associated with enthesitis. Compared with the results of other studies, Chinese patients with enthesitis had a younger age, lower body mass index (BMI), a higher rate of positive human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-B27, more frequent dactylitis, and a higher proportion of conventional synthetic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs' (csDMARDs) use.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Enthesitis is a common condition among Chinese patients with PsA. It is important to evaluate entheses in both peripheral and axial sites.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arthritis, Psoriatic/drug therapy , East Asian People , Enthesopathy/complications , Registries , Severity of Illness Index , Spondylarthritis/epidemiology
18.
STOMATOLOGY ; (12): 92-96, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965350

ABSTRACT

@#Chitosan-based microspheres use chitosan as the main material to obtain particles with special structures through microsphere processing technology. They have the ability of slow and controlled release of drugs and the role of scaffolding, which have great application prospect in stomatology, but the application of chitosan-based microspheres is still in the research stage and has not yet been applied in clinical practice. This article reviews progress of domestic and foreign research on chitosan-based microspheres, in aspects of treatment of oral and jawbone tissue defects, periodontal diseases, dental pulp diseases and nerve tissue injury, in order to provide reference for follow-up research.

19.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1267-1274, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978705

ABSTRACT

Using beta-2 adrenergic receptor, 5-hydroxytryptamine and angiotensin II type 1 receptor as control, we here established a method for rapid prediction of the initial position amino acids of N-terminal, C-terminal, intracellular loops, extracellular loops and transmembrane (TM) regions in G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs), and successfully predicted the structure of Mas-related G protein-coupled receptors X3 (MRGPRX3). To achieve this purpose, nanoluciferase (Nluc) was inserted into the different sites of these GPCRs′ sequence by sequence and ligation-independent cloning (SLIC) method, and the luminescence value were measured to distinguish the different parts of GPCRs. The results showed that luminescence values of NLuc luciferase at TM region were less than 100 000, and the values were higher than 1 000 000 at N terminal, C terminal, or extracellular loops and intracellular loops, and the values were between 100 000 and 500 000 at junction. The predicted MRGPRX3 structure was analyzed in detail and was compared with AlphaFold predicted structure. In conclusion, this method could provide useful information of GPCR structure model for the ligand virtual screening, and could provide certain experimental basis for structural pharmacology.

20.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1338-1342, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978630

ABSTRACT

AIM:To evaluate the correlation between axial lengths and anterior segment parameters using swept-source optical coherence tomography(SS-OCT).METHODS:For the cross-sectional clinical study, a total of 109 adult volunteers with different degrees of myopia recruited from January 1, 2022, to March 31, 2022, at the ophthalmology clinic of the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University were included. Participants were divided into 4 groups based on axial length(AL): group A(AL≤24.0mm), group B(24.0mm&#x003C;AL≤25.0mm), group C(25.0mm&#x003C;AL≤26.0mm)and group D(AL&#x003E;26.0mm). Anterior segment examinations were performed using SS-OCT, including: central corneal thickness(CCT), lens thickness(LT), anterior chamber depth(ACD), anterior chamber width(ACW), angle opening distance(AOD500), angle recess area(ARA500), trabecular iris space area(TISA500), trabecular iris angle(TIA500), crystalline lens rise(CLR). The relationships between these data and AL, spherical equivalent(SE)were analyzed.RESULTS:There was no difference in the comparison of CCT among the four groups(P&#x003E;0.05). There were differences in SE, LT, ACD, ACW, AOD500, ARA500, TISA500, TIA500 and CLR among the four groups(all P&#x003C;0.01). SE and LT were negatively correlated with AL(r=-0.75, -0.41, all P&#x003C;0.01); ACD, ACW and CLR were positively correlated with AL(r=0.58, 0.45, 0.54, all P&#x003C;0.01); AOD500, ARA500, TISA500 and TIA500(temporal and nasal side)were positively correlated with AL(all P&#x003C;0.01). ACD and CLR were negatively correlated with SE(r=-0.21,-0.25, all P&#x003C;0.01), and LT was positively correlated with SE(r=0.21, P&#x003C;0.05).CONCLUSION:As AL increases, CCT remains unchanged while the ACD and ACW increase. The position of the crystalline lens moves backward and LT decreases.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL