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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940708

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo conduct phylogenetic analysis of internal transcribed spacer 2 (ITS2) and chloroplast gene segments including psbA-trnH, rbcL, and matK of Sophora japonica cv. jinhuai resource samples from different geographical sources, and to explore the genetic diversity of S. japonica cv. jinhuai. MethodPolymerase chain reaction (PCR) method was used to amplify the nucleic acid sequences of ITS2, psbA-trnH, rbcL, and matK of S. japonica cv. jinhuai. Neighbor joining (NJ) method was used to construct phylogenetic trees, and Kimura 2-Parameter (K2P) model was used to calculate the genetic distance of different samples. MEGA and BIOEDIT softwares were applied for mutiple alignment and analysis of ITS2, psbA-trnH, rbcL, and matK sequences of S. japonica cv. jinhuai. ResultThe lengths of ITS2 sequence were 278-279 bp. The lengths of psbA-trnH were 289 bp. The lengths of rbcL sequence were 673 bp. The lengths of matK sequences were 786-792 bp. There were 3 mutation points in ITS2 and psbA-trnH, no mutation point in rbcL, and 13 mutation points in matK. The samples of S. japonica cv. jinhuai were clustered into two groups based on the phylogenetic tree constructed by ITS2 sequences. The sample of seedling tree in Baibao was clustered into one group, while the other 25 samples were clustered into another group. For the psbA-trnH sequence, the success rate of PCR amplification of 28 samples of S. japonica cv. jinhuai was 100%. The 28 samples of S. japonica cv. jinhuai were clustered into three groups based on the clustering results of psbA-trnH sequence. The sample of seedling tree in Shaoshui was clustered into one group. The five samples of grafting tree and seedling tree in Miaotou, grafting trees in Jiantang, Wenqiao, and Daxu, and seeding tree in Xianshui were clustered into one group. The other 21 samples were clustered into another group. The 26 samples of S. japonica cv. jinhuai were clustered into two groups based on the phylogenetic tree constructed by matK sequences. The sample of seedling tree in Xianshui was clustered into one group, while the other 25 samples were clustered into another group. The clustering results of the rbcL sequence of S. japonica cv. jinhuai could not distinguish 28 resource samples. The phylogenetic tree constructed by the combined sequence of ITS2+psbA-trnH+rbcL+matK divided S. japonica cv. jinhuai resource samples into 4 groups. The 13 samples of seedling trees in Qiyang, Daoxian, Miaotou, Shaoshui, Shitang, Xianshui, Jiantang, and Xiangli, and grafting trees in Qiyang, Miaotou, Yongsui, Wenqiao, and Yangtang were clustered into one group. The sample of seedling tree in Wenqiao was clustered into one group. The sample of seedling tree in Daxu was clustered into one group. The remaining samples were clustered into another group. ConclusionPhylogenetic and mutation analysis provide the theoretic foundation to investigate the evolution of the resources of S. japonica cv. jinhuai, and evaluate their genuineness. The results of mutation points can be used to identify the related S. japonica cv. jinhuai resources. The findings of this study show that the combination of different gene sequences has an optimal effect on plant identification.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929031

ABSTRACT

More than 100 genes located on the X chromosome have been found to be associated with X-linked intellectual disability (XLID) to date, and NEXMIF is a pathogenic gene for XLID. In addition to intellectual disability, patients with NEXMIF gene mutation can also have other neurological symptoms, such as epilepsy, abnormal behavior, and hypotonia, as well as abnormalities of other systems. Two children with intellectual disability and epilepsy caused by NEXMIF gene mutation were treated in the Department of Pediatrics, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University from March 8, 2017 to June 20, 2020. Patient 1, a 7 years and 8 months old girl, visited our department because of the delayed psychomotor development. Physical examination revealed strabismus (right eye), hyperactivity, and loss of concentration. Intelligence test showed a developmental quotient of 43.6. Electroencephalogram showed abnormal discharge, and cranial imaging appeared normal. Whole exome sequencing revealed a de novo heterozygous mutation, c.2189delC (p.S730Lfs*17) in the NEXMIF gene (NM_001008537). During the follow-up period, the patient developed epileptic seizures, mainly manifested as generalized and absent seizures. She took the medicine of levetiracetam and lamotrigine, and the seizures were under control. Patient 2, a 6-months old boy, visited our department due to developmental regression and seizures. He showed poor reactions to light and sound, and was not able to raise head without aid. Hypotonia was also noticed. The electroencephalogram showed intermittent hyperarrhythmia, and spasms were monitored. He was given topiramate and adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH). Whole exome sequencing detected a de novo c.592C>T (Q198X) mutation in NEXMIF gene. During the follow-up period, the seizures were reduced with vigabatrin. He had no obvious progress in the psychomotor development, and presented strabismus. There were 91 cases reported abroad, 1 case reported in China, and 2 patients were included in this study. A total of 85 variants in NEXMIF gene were found, involving 83 variants reported in PubMed and HGMD, and the 2 new variants presented in our patients. The patients with variants in NEXMIF gene all had mild to severe intellectual disability. Behavioral abnormalities, epilepsy, hypotonia, and other neurological symptoms are frequently presented. The phenotype of male partially overlaps with that of female. Male patients often have more severe intellectual disability, impaired language, and autistic features, while female patients often have refractory epilepsy. Most of the variants reported so far were loss-of-function resulted in the reduced protein expression of NEXMIF. The degree of NEXMIF loss appears to correlate with the severity of the phenotype.


Subject(s)
Child , Epilepsy/genetics , Female , Humans , Intellectual Disability/genetics , Male , Muscle Hypotonia/complications , Mutation , Phenotype , Seizures/genetics , Strabismus/complications
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942997

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effects of radical radiotherapy combined with different chemotherapy regimens (fluorouracil-based versus docetaxel plus cisplatin) on the incidence of radiation intestinal injury and the prognosis in patients with non-metastatic anal squamous cell carcinoma. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted to recruit non-metastatic anal squamous cell carcinoma patients who underwent chemoradiotherapy in the Sixth Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University and Nanfang Hospital from July 2013 to January 2021. Inclusion criteria: (1) newly diagnosed anal and perianal squamous cell carcinoma; (2) completed radical radiotherapy combined with concurrent chemotherapy; (3) tumor could be evaluated before radiotherapy. Exclusion criteria: (1) no imaging evaluation before treatment, or the tumor stage could not be determined; (2) patients undergoing local or radical resection before radiotherapy; (3) distant metastasis occurred before or during treatment; (4) recurrent anal squamous cell carcinoma. A total of 55 patients (48 from the Sixth Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University and 7 from Nanfang Hospital) were given fluorouracil (the 5-FU group, n=34) or docetaxel combined with the cisplatin (the TP group, n=21). The evaluation of radiation intestinal injury, hematological toxicity and 3-year disease-free survival (DFS) rate were compared between the two groups. The effects of chemotherapy regimen and other clinicopathological factors on the incidence and severity of acute and chronic radiation intestinal injury were analyzed. The assessment of radiation intestinal injury was based on the American Cancer Radiotherapy Cooperation Group (RTOG) criteria. Results: During radiotherapy and within 3 months after radiotherapy, a total of 45 patients developed acute radiation intestinal injury, including 18 cases of grade 1 (32.7%), 22 cases of grade 2 (40.0%) and 5 cases of grade 3 (9.1%). No patient developed chronic radiation intestinal injury. Among the 34 patients in the 5-FU group, 21 had grade 2-3 radiation intestinal injury (21/34, 61.8%), which was significantly higher than that in the TP group (6/21, 28.6%) (χ(2)=5.723, P=0.017). Multivariate analysis showed that 5-FU chemotherapy regimen was an independent risk factor for radiation intestinal injury (HR=4.038, 95% CI: 1.250-13.045, P=0.020). With a median follow-up period of 26 (5-94) months, the 3-year DFS rate of patients in TP group and 5-FU group was 66.8% and 77.9%, respectively, whose difference was not significant (P=0.478). Univariate analysis showed that the DFS rate was associated with sex, age, tumor location, T stage, N stage, and induction chemotherapy (all P<0.05), while the DFS rate was not associated with chemotherapy regimen or radiation intestinal injury (both P>0.05). Multivariate analysis revealed that age ≥ 50 years old was an independent risk factor affecting the prognosis of patients (HR=8.301, 95% CI: 1.130-60.996, P=0.038). Conclusions: For patients with non-metastatic anal squamous cell carcinoma, radical radiotherapy combined with TP chemotherapy regimen can significantly reduce the incidence of radiation intestinal injury as compared to 5-FU regimen. However, due to the short follow-up time, the effect of different chemotherapy regimens on the prognosis is not yet clear.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Anus Neoplasms/radiotherapy , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/radiotherapy , Chemoradiotherapy , Cisplatin/therapeutic use , Fluorouracil/therapeutic use , Humans , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Retrospective Studies
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908284

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effects of problem-solving therapy on breastfeeding self-efficacy and psychological status among primiparas, to provide basis for improving the breastfeeding of primipara.Methods:A total of 102 primiparas were divided into experimental group and control group by random number table method, each group contained 51 cases. Finally, 47 cases in the experimental group and 49 cases in the control group completed the study. The control group received routine nursing, while primiparas in the experimental group carried out problem-solving therapy. Before and after 6-week intervention, the effects was assessed by Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale (BSES), Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) and General Well-being Schedule (GWB), respectively.Results:After intervention, the scores of primapara feedig cognition, feeding feeling, feeding skills and BSES total scores were (21.13±2.97) points, (65.47±6.63) points, (31.94±2.59) points, (118.53±8.47) points in the experimental group, significantly higher than (19.43±3.28) points, (61.76±5.20) points, (30.53±2.01) points, (111.71±6.11) points in the control group ( t values were 2.658-4.507, P<0.01); the scores of EPDS were (6.04±1.49) points in the experimental group, significantly lower than (6.92±2.08) points in the control group; the scores of life satisfaction and interest, depression and pleasure, energy, relaxation and tension in General Well-Being (GWB) and total scores were (7.51±1.71) points, (20.19±2.47) points, (21.68±2.32) points, (17.06±2.74) points, (90.45±4.96) points in the experimental group, significanlty higher than (6.41±1.82) points, (18.71±2.98) points, (20.57±1.87) points, (15.78±1.79) points, (84.61±5.26) points in the control group, the difference was statistically significant ( t values were 2.380-5.587, P<0.05 or 0.01). Conclusion:Problem-solving therapy can improve breastfeeding self-efficacy and alleviate postnatal depression as well as enhance subjective well-being of primipara women.

5.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2743-2747, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904777

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To establish the method for the content determination of 7 components,such as puerarin , 3′-methoxypuerarin,daidzein,rutin,hesperidin,salvianolic acid A and quercetin ,in Zhengxin jiangzhi tablets ,and conduct cluster heatmap analysis. METHODS :HPLC method was adopted. The separation was performed on Kromasil C 18 column with mobile phase consisted of acetonitrile- 0.1% formic acid solution (gradient elution )at the flow rate of 0.8 mL/min. The detection wavelength was set at 280 nm,and the column temperature was 25 ℃. The sample size was 10 μL. Taking the content data as the object,the cluster heatmap was drawn by Hiplot scientific research mapping platform. RESULTS :The linear range of puerarin , 3′-methoxypuerarin,daidzein,rutin,hesperidin,salvianolic acid A and quercetin were 17.00-170.00(r=0.999 9),5.14-51.40(r= 0.999 8),3.00-30.00(r=0.999 8),153.00-1 530.00(r=0.999 9),7.88-78.75(r=0.999 8),2.85-28.50(r=0.999 9)and 11.34-113.40 μg/mL(r=0.999 8),respectively. RSDs of precision ,stability(24 h)and repeatability tests were all less than 2%; the average recoveries were 99.58%(RSD=0.83%,n=6),100.31%(RSD=1.17%,n=6),100.61%(RSD=1.08%,n=6), 100.05%(RSD=0.82%,n=6),100.31%(RSD=1.38%,n=6),100.31%(RSD=0.85%,n=6),99.85%(RSD=1.01%, n=6),respectively. The contents of above components in 10 batches of samples were 7.262 5-8.941 5,2.464 9-3.068 9,1.478 9- 1.883 4,58.632 8-79.408 3,3.569 4-4.500 6,1.077 6-1.341 5,1.139 7-5.957 0 mg/g,respectively. Results of cluster heatmap analysis showed that 10 batches of samples could be divided into 4 categories,including S 1-S3 as one category ,S4 as one category,S5-S6 as one category and S 7-S10 as one category. CONCLUSIONS :The established method is simple ,accurate and specific,which can be used for the quality control of Zhengxin jiangzhi tablets ,combined with cluster heatmap analysis. There are some differences in the quality of different batches of samples.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862733

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the correlation between smoking, white blood cell counts, and serum bilirubin levels in male radiation workers, and to explore the role of systemic inflammatory response in the changes of serum bilirubin level induced by smoking. Methods Occupational health examination data of 1 320 male radiation workers in a medical institution was collected. Linear regression analysis method was used to analyze the correlations between smoking and white blood cell counts, between smoking and serum bilirubin levels, and between white blood cell counts and serum bilirubin levels. Results There was a significant positive correlation between smoking and white blood cell counts (P 0.05). By dividing white blood cell counts into two groups, an inverse correlation was found between smoking and serum bilirubin levels in the high white blood cell count group (P < 0.05). Conclusion Serum bilirubin may be an effective indicator of early health damage caused by smoking in male radiation workers. Smoking may induce inflammatory reaction, thus deplete serum bilirubin and cause its levels to drop.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888472

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the clinical features and recurrence factors of myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG) antibody disease in children and the effect of recurrence prevention regimens.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of 41 children with MOG antibody disease who were hospitalized in the Department of Pediatric Neurology, Xiangya Hospital of Central South University, from December 2014 to September 2020. According to the presence or absence of recurrence, they were divided into a monophasic course group (@*RESULTS@#For these 41 children, acute disseminated encephalomyelitis was the most common initial manifestation and was observed in 23 children (56%). Of the 41 children, 22 (54%) experienced recurrence, with 57 recurrence events in total, among which optic neuritis was the most common event (17/57, 30%). The proportion of children in the recurrence group who were treated with corticosteroids for less than 3 months in the acute phase was higher than that in the monophasic course group (64% @*CONCLUSIONS@#More than half of the children with MOG antibody disease may experience recurrence. Most children with recurrence are treated with corticosteroids for less than 3 months in the acute phase. Rituximab and azathioprine may reduce the risk of recurrence.


Subject(s)
Autoantibodies , Child , Humans , Myelin-Oligodendrocyte Glycoprotein , Optic Neuritis , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886094

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the distribution and epidemiological characteristics of influenza pathogens in Huai’an City from 2017-2019, and to provide a scientific basis for prevention and control of influenza. Methods The influenza-like illness (ILI) and outbreaks data was collected from China Influenza Surveillance Information System from 2017 to 2019. A descriptive analysis method was used to analyze the influenza data. Results A total of 103 082 ILI cases were reported in Huai’an City from 2017 to 2019, accounting for 8.96% of the total outpatient and emergency department visits. Winter and spring were the seasons for the high incidence of influenza, and children under 15 years old were the key population with high incidence. A total of 37 influenza outbreaks occurred in the city, with 774 reported cases. The epidemics mainly occurred in kindergartens, elementary schools, and junior high schools. There were 6,730 samples tested in the laboratory, 1,093 were positive for nucleic acid test, and the positive rate was 16.24%. Of the 1,093 positive samples, 417 were tested positive for H1N1 type, accounting for 38.15%; 251 were positive for seasonal H3 type, accounting for 22.96%; 274 were positive for Victoria subtype, accounting for 25.07%; and 151 were positive for Yamagata subtype, accounting for 13.82%. The types of dominant influenza strains alternated, and sometimes several types of influenza viruses coexisted. Conclusion Influenza often occurs in schools and has obvious seasonality. It is recommended that high-risk groups be vaccinated with quadrivalent influenza vaccine.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911978

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the diagnosis and management of partial or complete hydatidiform mole with coexistent intrauterine pregnancy.Methods:Clinical data of 10 cases of hydatidiform mole with coexistent intrauterine pregnancy admitted to the Third Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, from September 2009 to May 2019 were retrospectively described.Results:(1) During the same period, 65 960 women were delivered at our hospital, and hydatidiform mole with coexistent intrauterine pregnancy was accounted for 1/6 596, among which complete hydatidiform mole and coexisting fetus (CHMCF) and partial hydatidiform mole and coexistent fetus (PHMCF) were found in four and six cases, respectively. The mean age of the ten patients were (30.9±4.1) years old, ranging from 26 to 35 years old, with 2.5 (1-4) times of pregnancies. Nine cases were identified at 22 +3 (12 +3-32 +3) gestational weeks and one at 9 + weeks. (2) Recurrent vaginal bleeding during pregnancy occurred in six cases, nausea and vomiting in three cases, and hyperthyroidism in mid- and late pregnancy in two cases. One patient developed preeclampsia and one case of severe mitral regurgitation with mild pulmonary hypertension. (3) In the 10 patients, the summit serum β -hCG level was 139 935 (16 990-546 033) U/L, and CHMCF and PHMCF patients were 212 500 (200 000-546 033) U/L and 60 768 (16 990-225 000) U/L, respectively. (4) The ultrasound results revealed a dark honeycomb area of the placenta in five cases, placental thickening in two cases, and vesicular placenta in one case. One case was found with bilateral giant luteinized ovarian cyst by ultrasound, multiple metastases in the left lower lobe of the lung by chest CT, multiple nodules in the pleural wall of the left lung by lung MRI, and CHMCF by pelvic MRI. In one case, ultrasound at 14 weeks of gestation showed interrupted fetal abdominal wall, visible mass, gastric bubble, liver, part of the intestinal echoes, and omphalocele. One case was found with embryo arrest. (5) The karyotype analysis of one case through amniocentesis was 46,XX with no anomalies, and chromosome microarray analysis was arr[hg19](1-22)×2. Prenatal diagnosis was refused in the remaining cases. (6) Among the ten patients, three were terminated by rivanol intra-amniotic injection, two received drug abortion, and uterine evacuation, and two with spontaneous abortion followed by curettage with a visible fetus and hydatidiform tissue. Total hysterectomy was performed in one patient due to partial invasion of the uterus by hydatidiform mole. One patient underwent a cesarean section on account of the left lower lung metastasis. One case developed preeclampsia at 33 +4 weeks of gestation and delivered two premature infants by cesarean section. Pathology examination found a complete and partial vesicular fetal mass in four and six cases, with P57 (-) and P57 (+), respectively. (7) During the follow-up, two women developed the persistent trophoblastic disease and received chemotherapy, while the remaining eight cases did not. Conclusions:When hydatidiform mole with coexistent intrauterine pregnancy is found, a timely differential diagnosis between CHMCF and PHMCF is needed. CHMCF is at a higher risk of abortion, intrauterine death, premature delivery, preeclampsia, and other maternal complications. Therefore, termination of CHMCF should be individualized. Most PHMCF patients have fetal malformation or fetal loss; thereby, timely termination is recommended.

10.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 1282-1289, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911867

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical, imaging and genetic features of patients with global developmental delay combined with epilepsy and striatal degeneration caused by POLR3A gene mutations.Methods:A total of three patients from two families with non-consanguineous marriages admitted to the Department of Pediatric Neurology of Xiangya Hospital of Central South University in 2020 were examined in detail. Peripheral blood DNA was extracted, and whole-exome sequencing was performed on the patients, combined with Sanger sequencing for verification. The mutation and protein function predictor softwares were applied to analyze the mutation sites.Results:All three patients presented with global developmental delay, seizures, dystonia. Head magnetic resonance imaging of all patients suggested basal ganglia atrophy and striatal degeneration. All had compound heterozygous mutations of c.1980 G>C; c.1771-6 C>G and c.2044C>T; c.1771-7 C>G in POLR3A gene as indicated by whole-exome sequencing. Sanger sequencing validation confirmed that the compound heterozygous mutations were originated from the parents of probands from the two families, respectively. Bioinformatic analysis suggested pathogenic features of the mutations.Conclusions:Compound heterozygous mutations in POLR3A gene , including a splice site mutation result in global developmental delay combined with epilepsy, striatal degeneration. Clinicians should promote the awareness of POLR3 related spectrum disorders, thus make early recognition and diagnosis.

11.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 530-534, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869420

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the related risk factors for the prognosis of hospital-acquired carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (CRKP) bloodstream infections in elderly patients with critical illness.Methods:Clinical data of elderly patients with nosocomial CRKP bloodstream infection in intensive care unit (ICU) from Jan. 2010 to Dec. 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. Patients were divided into the death and survival groups according to the prognosis. Clinical characteristics were compared between the two groups. Influencing factors for the prognosis of nosocomial CRKP bloodstream infections in elderly ICU patients were screened by multivariate Logistic regression analysis.Results:A total of 119 elderly ICU patients with nosocomial CRKP bloodstream infection were enrolled. The overall ICU mortality rate was 62.2% (74/119 patients), among which the ICU mortality was lower in patients treated with tigecycline than without tigecycline treatment (50.0% or 25/50 vs. 71.0% or 49/69, χ2=4.770, P=0.029). And the ICU mortality was lower in patients with combination therapy than with mono-therapy (54.9% or 39/71 vs. 72.9% or 35/48, χ2=3.940, P=0.047). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis revealed that the administration of vasoactive drugs ( OR=25.545, 95% CI: 9.743-52.242, P=0.001), and the resistance to tigecycline ( OR=8.990, 95% CI: 0.957-24.488, P=0.049) were independent risk factors for ICU mortality. While the early initiated appropriate antibiotics treatment, which was defined as using at least one susceptible antibiotic within 48 hours ( OR=0.081, 95% CI: 0.014-0.463, P=0.005), and appropriate antibiotics and adequate duration ( OR=0.785, 95% CI: 0.631-0.977, P=0.030), were protective factors for the good outcome. Conclusions:Nosocomial CRKP bloodstream infection in elderly ICU patients leads a high ICU mortality rate. The early initiated appropriate antibiotics treatment and optimum antibiotics duration could reduce the risk for death.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868138

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the appropriate method of labor induction in the second trimester for complete placenta previa patients.Methods:The labor induction outcomes of 85 cases with complete placenta previa in the second trimester were retrospectively analyzed. Twenty patients in group A were treated with cesarean section, 30 patients in group B were treated with ethacridine and mifepristone combined with uterine artery embolization (UAE), and 35 patients in group C were induced by using ethacridine and mifepristone. The clinical features and induction outcomes of three groups were compared.Results:The total duration of labor in group B [(28.7±30.1) hours] was significantly longer than that of group C [(24.3±21.9) hours; P<0.05]. The total amount of blood loss during induction and labor in group B [(302±271) ml] was significantly lower than those of group C [(393±523) ml] and group A [(626±487) ml; P<0.05]. The incidence of fever in group B (13%, 4/30) was significantly higher than those of group C (11%, 4/35) and group A (10%, 2/20; P<0.05). In group C, 13 patients (37%, 13/35) underwent emergency UAE, and 2 patients (6%, 2/35) underwent emergency cesarean section. As to average hemoglobin level and blood transfusion rate, there were no difference among the three groups (all P>0.05). Conclusion:Prophylactic UAE combined with drug induction in patients with complete placenta previa in the second trimester could significantly reduce the amount of bleeding during induction and reduce the risk of emergency procedures.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828700

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the clinical features of the diseases associated with aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases (ARS) deficiency.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed of the clinical and gene mutation data of 10 children who were diagnosed with ARS gene mutations, based on next-generation sequencing from January 2016 to October 2019.@*RESULTS@#The age of onset ranged from 0 to 9 years among the 10 children. Convulsion was the most common initial symptom (7 children). Clinical manifestations included ataxia and normal or mildly retarded intellectual development (with or without epilepsy; n=4) and onset of epilepsy in childhood with developmental regression later (n=2). Some children experienced disease onset in the neonatal period and had severe epileptic encephalopathy, with myoclonus, generalized tonic-clonic seizure, and convulsive seizure (n=4); 3 had severe delayed development, 2 had feeding difficulty, and 1 had hearing impairment. Mutations were found in five genes: 3 had novel mutations in the AARS2 gene (c.331G>C, c.2682+5G>A, c.2164C>T, and c.761G>A), 2 had known mutations in the DARS2 gene (c.228-16C>A and c.536G>A), 1 had novel mutations in the CARS2 gene (c.1036C>T and c.323T>G), 1 had novel mutations in the RARS2 gene (c.1210A>G and c.622C>T), and 3 had novel mutations in the AARS gene (c.1901T>A, c.229C>T, c.244C>T, c.961G>C, c.2248C>T, and Chr16:70298860-70316687del).@*CONCLUSIONS@#A high heterogeneity is observed in the clinical phenotypes of the diseases associated with the ARS deficiency. A total of 14 novel mutations in 5 genes are reported in this study, which enriches the clinical phenotypes and genotypes of the diseases associated with ARS deficiency.


Subject(s)
Amino Acyl-tRNA Synthetases , Genetics , Child , Epilepsy , Humans , Mutation , Phenotype , Retrospective Studies
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827777

ABSTRACT

Yi-Qi-Huo-Xue Decoction (YQHX) is the recombination of Dang-Gui-Bu-Xue Decoction (DBD), which is one of the well-known traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) prescription, and has long been shown to have significant protective effects against myocardial ischemic injury. In previous studies, we found that YQHX could regulate lipid and glucose metabolism, promote angiogenesis, attenuate inflammatory response, and ameliorate left ventricular function in myocardial ischemia rat models. However, the underlying mechanism of how YQHX involves in lipid metabolism remains unclear so far. In this study, the underlying mechanism of YQHX in lipid metabolism disorders was elucidated in a myocardial ischemia rat model and a hypoxia-induced H9c2 cell injury model. YQHX (8.2 g·kg) and positive-control drug trimetazidine (10 mg·kg) were administered daily on the second day after left anterior descending (LAD) operation. At 7 days and 28 days after surgery, changes of cardiac morphology, structure, and function were evaluated by H&E staining and echocardiography, respectively. The plasma lipid levels and mitochondrial ATP content were also evaluated. Western blot and RT-PCR were used to determine the protein and mRNA expressions of AMPK, PGC-1α, CPT-1α, and PPARα. YQHX improved cardiac function and ameliorated lipid metabolism disorders. Furthermore, YQHX increased the expression of p-AMPK, PGC-1α, and CPT-1α without changing PPARα in ischemic rat myocardium. In vitro, YQHX activated the protein and mRNA expression of PGC-1α, CPT-1α, and PPARα in hypoxia-induced H9c2 cells injury, whereas AMPK inhibitor Compound c blocked the effects of YQHX. Taken together, the results suggest that YQHX reduces lipid metabolism disorders in myocardial ischemia via the AMPK-dependent signaling pathway.

15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827231

ABSTRACT

Three new indole alkaloids, flueindolines A-C (1-3), along with nine known alkaloids (4-12), were isolated from the fruits of Flueggea virosa (Roxb. ex Willd.) Voigt. Compounds 1 and 2 are two new fused tricyclic indole alkaloids possessing an unusual pyrido[1, 2-a]indole framework, and 3 presents a rare spiro (pyrrolizidinyl-oxindole) backbone. Their structures with absolute configurations were elucidated by means of comprehensive spectroscopic analysis, chemical calculation, as well as X-ray crystallography. Chiral resolution and absolute configuration determination of the known compounds 4, 10, and 11 were reported for the first time. The hypothetical biogenetical pathways of 1-3 were herein also proposed.

16.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 134-140, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781624

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The symptomatic bradyarrhythmia is Class I indication for pacing therapy which is not a radical cure. The present study aimed to assess the feasibility and to present the initial results of the restricted ablation of the parasympathetic innervation surrounding sinus and atrioventricular (AV) nodes for treating patients with bradyarrhythmia.@*METHODS@#A total of 13 patients with cardiogenic syncope were included from May 2008 to June 2015. Under the guidance of fluoroscopy and /or three-dimensional geometry by 64-slice spiral computed tomography, atrial activation sequence in sinus rhythm was mapped. Chamber geometry was reconstructed manually or automatically using the Niobe II magnetic navigation system integrated with the CARTO-remote magnetic technology (RMT) system. Cardioneuroablation was targeted at the high-amplitude fractionated electrograms surrounding the regions of His bundle and the site with the earliest activation in sinus rhythm. Areas surrounding the sinus node, AV node, and the phrenic nerve were avoided.@*RESULTS@#Thirteen patients completed the studies. Ablation was successfully performed in 12 patients and failed in one. The high-frequency potential was recorded in atrial electrograms surrounding the sinus or AV nodes in all the patients and disappeared in 15 s after radiofrequency applications. The vagal reaction was observed before the improvement of the sinus and AV node function. No complications occurred during the procedures. Patients were followed up for a mean of 13.0 ± 5.9 months. During the follow up ten patients remained free of symptoms, and two patients had a permanent cardiac pacemaker implanted due to spontaneous recurrence of syncope. The heart rate of post-ablation was higher than pre-ablation (69.0 ± 11.0 vs. 49.0 ± 10.0 beats/min, t = 4.56, P = 0.008). The sinus node recovery time, Wenckebach block point, and atrium-His bundle interval were significantly shorter after ablation (1386.0 ± 165.0 vs. 921.0 ± 64.0 ms, t = 7.45, P = 0.002; 590.0 ± 96.0 vs. 464.0 ± 39.0 ms, t = 2.38, P = 0.023; 106.0 ± 5.0 vs. 90.0 ± 12.0 ms, t = 9.80, P = 0.013 before and after ablation procedure, respectively).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Ablation of sinoatrial and AV nodal peripheral fibrillar myocardium electrical activity might provide a new treatment to ameliorate paroxysmal sinus node dysfunction, high degree AV block, and vagal-mediated syncope.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781336

ABSTRACT

Hereditary gingival fibromatosis (HGF) is a familial hereditary disease; while it is rare and usually benign, it is also characterized by the slow and progressive development of gingival tissue. This paper reports on the clinical examina-tion and history of HGF in a family of patients.


Subject(s)
Fibromatosis, Gingival , Gingiva , Humans
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816305

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To observe the clinical efficacy of motherwort injection in the treatment of abnormal uterine bleeding-ovulatory dysfunction(AUB-O),and provide data support for broadening the clinical application range of motherwort injection.METHODS: A multicenter,randomized,prospective study was used.The patients who were diagnosed with AUB-O in Hospital of Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine in 2018 were randomly divided into the control group and the experimental group according to random numbers.There were 75 cases in the experimental group,7 cases were lost,and 68 cases were the final cases;another 75 cases were in the control group,4 cases were lost,and there were 71 cases in the end.In the control group,only the tranexamic acid was given.On the basis of this,the experimental group was given intramuscular injection of motherwort injection 2 mL/time,b.i.d.,for 3 consecutive days.The clinical TCM symptom scores,blood loss,blood routine,coagulation function,endometrial thickness and effective rate were compared between the two groups.All data were statistically analyzed using IBM SPSS 21.0.RESULTS: After treatment,the total effective rate of the experimental group was 97.06%,which was significantly better than that(84.51%)of the control group(P0.05),but on the 2nd day and the 3rd day after treatment,the difference was statistically different(P<0.05),and the cumulative amount of bleeding after 3 days of treatment was statistically different(P<0.05).The endometrial thickness of the experimental group was lower than that of the control group(P<0.01).CONCLUSION: Motherwort injection combined with basic therapy is effective in the treatment of AUB-O.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743331

ABSTRACT

Purpose To detect the expression of N-Myc and p53 in the tissues of prostate cancer (PCa) patients and to explore the relationship between them and their significance.Methods A total of 63 patients with PCa and 50 patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) who underwent prostate surgery at the First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University were recruited in 2015-2016. The expression of N-Myc and p53 in pathological tissues were detected by immunohistochemistry of MaxVision method. Results The expression of N-Myc and p53 in PCa tissues was increased (P < 0.05). The expression of N-Myc and p53 in PCa tissues was correlated with bone metastases and TNM stage (P < 0.05), but not related to patient age, preoperative PSA level and other factors (P> 0.05). In addition, the expression of p53 was also correlated with Gleason score.Conclusion The high expression of N-Myc and p53 in PCa may involved in the malignant progression and metastasis of prostate cancer, and it is expected to become a new target for detecting PCa metastasis.

20.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 125-130, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810422

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the clinical features, treatment strategies and long term outcomes of children with anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) encephalitis.@*Methods@#The data of clinical features, auxiliary examinations, treatments and prognosis in children with anti-NMDAR encephalitis in Xiangya Hospital of Central South University from March 2014 to October 2017 were collected and retrospectively analyzed. A total of 71 patients were enrolled, including 33 males and 38 females. The youngest age of onset was 4 months old, and the age of onset was (9±4) years. The first-line immunotherapy treatment for anti-NMDAR encephalitis was short course corticosteroid (high-dose impulse therapy and oral maintenance therapy for 1 month in acute period) and (or) immunoglobulin. The clinical evaluation was performed 2 weeks after first-line immunotherapy treatment. The second-line immunotherapy treatment, including rituximab and (or) cyclophosphamide, would be started if the symptoms did not improve significantly and the modified Rankin scale (mRS) score ≥3. All patients were followed up and evaluated for prognosis. T-test, Mann-Whitney U, Chi square test and Fisher′s exact probability method were used for comparison between good outcome group and poor outcome group, first-line immunotherapy group and first-line immunotherapy combined with second-line immunotherapy group.@*Results@#The more common clinical manifestations were psychiatric symptoms (n=61, 86%), dyskinesia (n=55, 77%) and convulsions (n=51, 72%). Two cases (3%) had tumors. Electroencephalogram (EEG), cerebro-spinal fluid (CSF) and brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies were abnormal in 83% (59/71), 39% (27/69) and 38% (27/71) patients, respectively. For the treatment regimens, all the 71 patients underwent first-line immunotherapy, resulting in improvement within 14 days in 40 cases (56%), and 1 case (1%) died. The rest 30 cases (42%) received second-line immunotherapy. The patients were followed up for 5.0-41.8 months, with a median of 19.3 months. At the last follow-up, 49 cases (69%) recovered completely, 15 cases (21%) had mild disability, 6 cases (8%) had severe disability, 1 case (1%) died and 3 cases (4%) had relapse. There were significant differences between the groups with good prognosis and poor prognosis on admission to pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) and consciousness disorder (10/64 vs. 5/7, 39/64 vs. 7/7, P=0.047, 0.004). There were significant differences between first-line immunotherapy group and the first-line combined second-line immunotherapy group on admission to PICU, consciousness disorder, sleep disorder and first mRS score (12% (5/41) vs. 33% (10/30), 44% (18/41) vs. 93% (28/30), 56% (23/41) vs. 90% (27/30), 3 (1-5) vs. 4 (3-5), respectively; χ2=4.645, 18.555, 9.560, Z=5.184, P=0.031, <0.01, 0.002, <0.01, respectively).@*Conclusions@#Anti-NMDAR encephalitis can occur in all ages of children. The most common clinical manifestations are psychotic symptoms, dyskinesia and convulsions. Paraneoplastic cases are less common in children. Immunotherapy is effective. The second-line immunotherapy should be given after the failure of first-line therapy (mRS score≥3).

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