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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 424-431, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016645

ABSTRACT

Two methods including gas chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (GC-MS/MS) and high-performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) were established to detect common alkyl sulfonates and aryl sulfonates genotoxic impurities. Four alkyl sulfonates and methyl benzenesulfonate were determined by GC-MS/MS using butyl methanesulfonate as the internal standard, the chromatographic column was HP-5MS UI (30 mm × 0.25 mm, 0.25 µm), the carrier gas was helium, the flow rate was 1.0 mL·min-1 in a constant flow mode, the sample inlet temperature was set to 250 ℃, the split ratio was 10∶1, and the initial temperature of the heating program was 80 ℃, maintained for 1 minute, and then increased to 240 ℃ at a heating rate of 30 ℃·min-1 for 2 minutes. The mass spectrometry detector was an electron bombardment ion source (EI source), the data collection condition was multi reaction monitoring mode (MRM), and method validation using the raw material of clinical drug citalopram hydrobromide as a sample. The results showed that the linear range of four alkyl sulfonates and methyl benzenesulfonate were good at 3-50 ng·mL-1 and 9-150 ng·mL-1, with a correlation coefficient of r > 0.999, The spiked recovery was 80%-120%. The detection limits were 1 and 3 ng·mL-1; Ten aryl sulfonates determined by LC-MS/MS, the chromatographic column was CSH Fluoro phenyl (100 mm × 2.1 mm, 1.7 µm), the mobile phase was methanol (B)-5 mmol·L-1 ammonium formate (D), with a flow rate of 0.2 mL·min-1, and gradient elution was performed. The gradient program (T/% B) was set as 0/20, 25/90, 35/90, 42/20. The mass spectrometer detector was electro spray ionization with positive ionization mode (ESI+), the data collection was in dynamic multi reaction monitoring mode (dMRM), and the method was validated using the raw material of the clinical drug citalopram hydrobromide as a sample. The results showed that the linear range of aryl sulfonates were good at 9-2 000 ng·mL-1, 3-100 ng·mL-1 and 0.9-30 ng·mL-1, respectively. The correlation coefficient r > 0.999, the spiked recovery was 80%-120%. The detection limits were 30, 1 and 0.3 ng·mL-1. Two detection methods did not detect potential sulfonate genotoxicity impurities in the above APIs. The established analytical methods are reliable and effective, which can provide reference for drug quality control and detection.

2.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 382-387, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995444

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the risk factors that affected pathological diagnosis upgrading after resection of colorectal adenoma.Methods:From January 2017 to December 2022, a total of 1 059 patients who underwent adenoma resection after pathologically diagnosed as adenoma by endoscopic forceps biopsy(EFB)were included in General Hospital of Ningxia Medical University. The patients were divided into the pathologically no difference group (1 003 cases) and the pathologically upgraded group (56 cases) based on the comparison of pathological diagnosis of EFB specimens and the specimens after adenoma resection. Clinical information and endoscopic characteristics of the adenoma were compared between the 2 groups. The clinical information included smoking history, family history of colorectal cancer, and the endoscopic characteristics included maximum diameter, morphological characteristics, surface depression, erosion or ulceration, and surface color of adenoma. Chi-square test and Fisher′s exact test were used for statistical analysis. Multivariate logistic regression model was used to analyze the risk factors for pathological diagnosis upgrading after adenoma resection.Results:The proportions of patients with smoking history, family history of colorectal cancer, concomitant hypertension, and coronary heart disease in the pathologically upgraded group were higher than those in the pathologically no difference group (46.43%, 26/56 vs.26.12%, 262/1 003; 8.93%, 5/56 vs.0.70%, 7/1 003; 46.43%, 26/56 vs.30.11%, 302/1 003; 21.43%, 12/56 vs.9.27%, 93/1 003), and the differences were statistically significant( χ2=11.05, Fisher′s exact test, χ2=6.61 and 8.78; all P<0.05). There were statistically significant differences between the pathologically no difference group and pathologically upgraded group in the maximum diameter (929 cases (92.62%) and 23 cases (41.07%) of < 20 mm, and 74 cases (7.38%) and 33 cases (58.93%) of ≥20 mm, respectively), morphological characteristics (220 cases (21.93%) and 28 cases (50.00%) with pedicle, and 783 cases (78.07%) and 28 cases (50.00%) without pedicle, respectively), surface color (347 cases (34.60%) and 3 cases (5.36%) of near normal mucosa, 613 cases (61.12%) and 50 cases (89.29%) of red surface color, and 43 cases (4.29%) and 3 cases (5.36%) of white surface color, respectively), erosion or ulceration (78 cases (7.78%) and 36 cases (64.29%) had erosion or ulceration, and 925 cases (92.22%) and 20 cases (35.71%) had no erosion or ulceration, respectively), and surface depression (6 cases (0.60%) and 8 cases (14.29%) of depression, and 997 cases (99.40%) and 48 cases (85.71%) of non depression, respectively) ( χ2=155.18, 23.30, 20.58 and 176.31, Fisher′s exact test; all P<0.001). The result of multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that surface depression ( OR=25.198, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) 5.812 to 109.246, P<0.001), erosion or ulceration( OR=9.913, 95% CI 4.652 to 21.124, P<0.001), red surface color ( OR=4.276, 95% CI 1.053 to 17.363, P=0.042), white surface color ( OR=8.803, 95% CI 1.398 to 55.435, P=0.021), maximum diameter≥20 mm ( OR=4.689, 95% CI 2.265 to 9.706, P<0.001), family history of colorectal cancer ( OR=8.764, 95% CI 1.418 to 54.162, P=0.019) and smoking history ( OR=2.713, 95% CI 1.376 to 5.349, P=0.004) were independent risk factors for pathological diagnosis upgrading after adenoma resection. Conclusion:Surface depression, maximum diameter ≥20 mm, erosion or ulceration, white or red surface color, family history of colorectal cancer and smoking history may enhance the heterogeneity of adenomas, interfere with the accuracy of EFB pathology, and lead to an upgrade of pathological diagnosis after adenoma resection.

3.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 193-198, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995433

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the safety and feasibility of the CHESS endoscpic ruler (CHESS ruler), and the consistency between the measured values and the interpretation values by endoscopic physician experience.Methods:From January 2021 to January 2022, a total of 105 liver cirrhosis patients with portal hypertension were prospectively enrolled from General Hospital, Xixia Branch Hospital, Ningnan Hospital of People′s Hospital of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region (29 cases), and the First People′s Hospital of Yinchuan (25 cases), General Hospital of Ningxia Medical University (18 cases), Wuzhong People′s Hospital (10 cases), the Fifth People′s Hospital of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region (10 cases), Shizuishan Second People′s Hospital (6 cases), Yinchuan Second People′s Hospital (5 cases), and Zhongwei People′s Hospital (2 cases) 8 hospitals. The clinical characteristics of all the patients, including gender, age, nationality, etiolog of liver cirrhosis, and Child-Pugh classification of liver function were recorded. A big gastroesophageal varices was defined as diameter of varices ≥5 mm. Endoscopist (associated chief physician) performed gastroscopy according to the routine gastroscopy procedures, and the diameter of the biggest esophageal varices was measured by experience and images were collected, and then objective measurement was with the CHESS ruler and images were collected. The diameter of esophageal varices of 10 randomly selected patients (random number table method) was determined by 6 endoscopists (attending physician or associated chief physician) with experience or measured by CHESS ruler. Kappa test was used to test the consistency in the diameter of esophageal varices between measured values by CHESS ruler and the interpretation values by endoscopic physician experience.Results:Among 105 liver cirrhosis patients with portal hypertension, male 65 cases and female 40 cases, aged (54.8±12.2) years old, Han nationality 82 cases, Hui nationality 21 cases and Mongolian nationality 2 cases. The etiology of liver cirrhosis included chronic hepatitis B (79 cases), alcoholic liver disease (7 cases), autoimmune hepatitis (7 cases), chronic hepatitis C (2 cases), and other etiology (10 cases). Liver function of 32 cases was Child-Pugh A, Child-Pugh B 57 cases, and Child-Pugh C 16 cases. All 105 liver cirrhosis patients with cirrhotic portal hypertension were successfully measured the diameter of gastroesophageal varices by CHESS ruler, and the success rate of application of CHESS ruler was 100.0% (105/105). The procedure time from the CHESS ruler into the body to the exit of the body after measurement was (3.50±2.55) min. No complications happened in all the patients during measurement. Among 105 liver cirrhosis patients with cirrhotic portal hypertension, 96 cases (91.4%) were recognized as big gastroesophageal varices by the endoscopists. Totally 93 cases (88.6%) were considered as big gastroesophageal varices by CHESS ruler. Eight cases were recognized as big gastroesophageal varices by the endoscopist, however not by the CHESS ruler; 5 cases were recognized as big gastroesophageal varices by the CHESS ruler, but not by the endoscopists; 4 cases were not recognized as big gastroesophageal varices both by the endoscopists and CHESS ruler; 88 cases were recognized as big gastroesophageal varices both by the endoscopists and CHESS ruler. The missed diagnostic rate of big gastroesophageal varices by the endoscopists experience was 5.4% (5/93), and the Kappa value of consistency coefficient between the measurement by the CHESS ruler and the interpretation by endoscopists experience was 0.31 (95% confidence interval 0.03 to 0.60). The overall Kappa value of consistency coefficient by 6 endoscopists measured by CHESS ruler in big gastroesophageal varices diagnosis was 0.77 (95% confidence interval 0.61 to 0.93).Conclusion:As an objective measurement tool, CHESS ruler can make up for the deficiency of subjective judgment by endoscopists, accurately measure the diameter of gastroesophageal varices, and is highly feasible and safe.

4.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 507-510, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995131

ABSTRACT

This paper reported the management of a pregnant women with inherited protein C deficiency. The patient had a history of recurrent deep vein thrombosis before pregnancy and was diagnosed with inherited protein C deficiency by a pedigree-based whole exome sequencing, which revealed PROC gene mutations. She received anticoagulation treatment and was managed by a multidisciplinary team during pregnancy. No significant abnormalities were found during routine prenatal examination and a male infant was delivered vaginally at 38 +2 gestational weeks. No postpartum hemorrhage was reported and the maternal and infant outcomes were good. The management of such patients during pregnancy mainly relied on anticoagulation therapy to avoid serious thrombotic events and ensure the safety of the mothers and fetuses.

5.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 151-154, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995079

ABSTRACT

Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is an abnormal remodeling of the pulmonary vascular wall due to various causes, resulting in severe cardiovascular disease characterized by increased pulmonary vascular resistance and pressure. The mortality and morbidity of pregnant women with PAH are extremely high. This article reports a woman with severe PAH associated with connective tissue disease who developed cardiac arrest, PAH crisis, and right heart failure during her two consecutive pregnancies without regular prenatal examination. After multidisciplinary consultation and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, effective cardiopulmonary support was timely, and the patient was finally discharged from the hospital in stable condition. After ten months of follow-up, the mother and child both had good outcomes. Although the mother and her child were survived, severe PAH is a contraindication for pregnancy due to its severely harmful effect on endangering maternal and fetal health.

6.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 374-384, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994843

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the clinical manifestations, gene variations,and treatment of cases with SPTAN1 gene variations characterized by global developmental delay or epileptic encephalopathy. Methods:Three patients with SPTAN1 gene mutations which caused developmental epileptic encephalopathy type 5 admitted to the Department of Pediatrics, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University from August 2019 to September 2021 were collected. The studies till December 2021 were searched with keywords of " SPTAN1" and "developmental and epileptic encephalopathy 5" in both English and Chinese databases of China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man, and PubMed. The clinical manifestations, genetic variations, treatments and prognosis of patients with SPTAN1 gene variations were summarized. Results:All 3 patients presented with global developmental delay, infant onset. Patient 1 showed early-onset epileptic encephalopathies and microcephaly. Patient 2 had an atrial septal defect. Cranial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of patient 3 showed cerebellar hypoplasia.Antiepileptic seizure therapy was partially effective, but failed to control the spasm. Development was slightly improved after rehabilitation training and other treatments, but still lagged behind the children of the same age. The SPTAN1 gene mutations of the 3 cases were heterozygous mutations, c.6923_6928dup, c.6619_6621delGAG and c.6749T>C, respectively. c.6749T>C was not reported in the previous literature. Thirteen case reports, including 69 patients, were collected. Sixty-seven patients had heterozygous mutations, inherited in an autosomal dominant fashion, including 35 missense mutations, 12 deletion mutations, 11 repetition mutations, 9 nonsense mutations, and the rest 2 patients had compound heterozygous missense mutations. A total of 38 different variation sites were reported. The phenotypes of 69 patients from the previous studies mainly included intellectual impairment (32/69), seizures (30/69), developmental delay (28/69), progressive microcephaly (27/69), hypotonia (23/69), poor visual attention (15/69), spastic quadriplegia (9/69), and gastrointestinal abnormalities (7/69). The primary type of seizures was epileptic spasm. Cranial MRI abnormalities mainly included cerebellar and brainstem atrophy, corpus callosum dysplasia, myelin dysplasia, and brain atrophy. Previous reports showed that a variety of anti-seizure drugs were effective for epileptic seizures. The prognosis varied greatly. Severe cases could be fatal, and mild cases only manifested as mild mental retardation or movement disorders. Conclusions:SPTAN1 gene mutation leads to developmental epileptic encephalopathy type 5, the phenotypes of which include intellectual impairment, global developmental delay, infantile spasms, and head deformity.Antiepileptic drugs and functional training can improve the symptoms, but the prognosis is still poor. This study expands the SPTAN1 gene variant spectrum, enriches the mutant spectrum of SPTAN1 gene associated with developmental epileptic encephalopathy type 5.

7.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 191-198, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971250

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the factors associated with readmission within three months of surgery for gastric cancer and the impact of readmission on patients' long-term nutritional status and quality of life. Methods: This was a prospective cohort study comprising patients who underwent radical gastrectomy in the Department of Pancreatic and Gastric Surgery, National Cancer Center/Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from October 2018 to August 2019. Patients who failed to complete postoperative follow-up, whose body mass index (BMI) could not be accurately estimated, or who were unable to complete a quality-of-life questionnaire were excluded. The patients were followed up for 12 months. Time to, cause(s) of, and outcomes of readmission were followed up 1, 2 and 3 months postoperatively. BMI was followed up 1, 3, 6 and 12 months postoperatively. Results of blood tests were collected and patients' nutritional status and quality of life were assessed 12 months postoperatively. Nutritional status was evaluated by BMI, hemoglobin, albumin, and total lymphocyte count. Quality of life was evaluated using the European Organization for Research in the Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Quality of Life scale. The higher the scores for global health and functional domains, the better the quality of life, whereas the higher the score in the symptom domain, the worse the quality of life. Results: The study cohort comprised 259 patients with gastric cancer, all of whom were followed up for 3 months and 236 of whom were followed up for 12 months. Forty-four (17.0%) patients were readmitted within 3 months. The commonest reasons for readmission were gastrointestinal dysfunction (16 cases, 36.3%), intestinal obstruction (8 cases, 18.2%), and anastomotic stenosis (8 cases, 18.2%). Logistic regression analysis showed that preoperative Patient-Generated Subjective Global Assessment score ≥ 4 points (OR=1.481, 95% CI: 1.028‒2.132), postoperative complications (OR=3.298, 95%CI:1.416‒7.684) and resection range (OR=1.582, 95% CI:1.057‒2.369) were risk factors for readmission within 3 months of surgery. Compared with patients who had not been readmitted 12 months after surgery, patients who were readmitted within 3 months of surgery tended to have greater decreases in their BMI [-2.36 (-5.13,-0.42) kg/m2 vs. -1.73 (-3.33,-0.33) kg/m2, Z=1.850, P=0.065), significantly lower hemoglobin and albumin concentrations [(122.1±16.6) g/L vs. (129.8±18.4) g/L, t=2.400, P=0.017]; [(40.9±5.0) g/L vs. (43.4±3.3) g/L, t=3.950, P<0.001], and significantly decreased global health scores in the quality of life assessment [83 (67, 100) vs. 100 (83, 100), Z=2.890,P=0.004]. Conclusion: Preoperative nutritional risk, total or proximal radical gastrectomy, and complications during hospitalization are risk factors for readmission within 3 months of surgery for gastric cancer. Perioperative management and postoperative follow-up should be more rigorous. Readmission within 3 months after surgery may be associated with a decline in long-term nutritional status and quality of life. Achieving improvement in long-term nutritional status and quality of life requires tracking of nutritional status, timely evaluation, and appropriate interventions in patients who need readmission.


Subject(s)
Humans , Nutritional Status , Quality of Life , Patient Readmission , Stomach Neoplasms/complications , Prospective Studies , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Gastrectomy/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies
8.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 60-66, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971040

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the factors influencing the short-term (28 days) efficacy of initial adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) therapy for infantile epileptic spasms syndrome (IESS), as well as the factors influencing recurrence and prognosis.@*METHODS@#The clinical data were collected from the children with IESS who received ACTH therapy for the first time in the Department of Pediatric Neurology, Xiangya Hospital of Central South University, from April 2008 to January 2018 and were followed up for ≥2 years. The multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the factors influencing the short-term efficacy of ACTH therapy, recurrence, and long-term prognosis.@*RESULTS@#ACTH therapy achieved a control rate of seizures of 55.5% (111/200) on day 28 of treatment. Of the 111 children, 75 (67.6%) had no recurrence of seizures within 12 months of follow-up. The possibility of seizure control on day 28 of ACTH therapy in the children without focal seizures was 2.463 times that in those with focal seizures (P<0.05). The possibility of seizure control on day 28 of ACTH therapy in the children without hypsarrhythmia on electroencephalography on day 14 of ACTH therapy was 2.415 times that in those with hypsarrhythmia (P<0.05). The possibility of recurrence within 12 months after treatment was increased by 11.8% for every 1-month increase in the course of the disease (P<0.05). The possibility of moderate or severe developmental retardation or death in the children without seizure control after 28 days of ACTH therapy was 8.314 times that in those with seizure control (P<0.05). The possibility of moderate or severe developmental retardation or death in the children with structural etiology was 14.448 times that in those with unknown etiology (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Presence or absence of focal seizures and whether hypsarrhythmia disappears after 14 days of treatment can be used as predictors for the short-term efficacy of ACTH therapy, while the course of disease before treatment can be used as the predictor for recurrence after seizure control by ACTH therapy. The prognosis of IESS children is associated with etiology, and early control of seizures after ACTH therapy can improve long-term prognosis.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Infant , Adrenocorticotropic Hormone/therapeutic use , Spasms, Infantile/drug therapy , Treatment Outcome , Seizures , Electroencephalography/adverse effects , Spasm/drug therapy
9.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5838-5850, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008782

ABSTRACT

Jiming Powder is a traditional ancient prescription with good therapeutic effect in the treatment of heart failure, but its mechanism lacks further exploration. In this study, a mouse model of coronary artery ligation was used to evaluate the effect and mechanism of Jiming Powder on myocardial fibrosis in mice with myocardial infarction. The study constructed a mouse model of heart failure after myocardial infarction using the method of left anterior descending coronary artery ligation. The efficacy of Jiming Powder was evaluated from multiple angles, including ultrasound imaging, hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining, Masson staining, Sirius Red staining, and serum myocardial enzyme spectrum detection. Western blot analysis was performed to detect key proteins involved in ventricular remodeling, including transforming growth factor-β1(TGF-β1), α-smooth muscle actin(α-SMA), wingless-type MMTV integration site family member 3a(Wnt3a), β-catenin, matrix metallopeptidase 2(MMP2), matrix metallopeptidase 3(MMP3), TIMP metallopeptidase inhibitor 1(TIMP1), and TIMP metallopeptidase inhibitor 2(TIMP2). The results showed that compared with the model group, the high and low-dose Jiming Powder significantly reduced the left ventricular internal diameter in systole(LVID;s) and diastole(LVID;d), increased the left ventricular ejection fraction(LVEF) and left ventricular fractional shortening(LVFS), effectively improved cardiac function in mice after myocardial infarction, and effectively reduced the levels of myocardial injury markers such as creatine kinase(CK), creatine kinase isoenzyme(CK-MB), and lactic dehydrogenase(LDH), thus protecting ischemic myocardium. HE staining showed that Jiming Powder could attenuate myocardial inflammatory cell infiltration after myocardial infarction. Masson and Sirius Red staining demonstrated that Jiming Powder effectively inhibited myocardial fibrosis, reduced the collagen Ⅰ/Ⅲ ratio in myocardial tissues, and improved collagen remodeling after myocardial infarction. Western blot results showed that Jiming Powder reduced the expression of TGF-β1, α-SMA, Wnt3a, and β-catenin, decreased the levels of MMP2, MMP3, and TIMP2, and increased the level of TIMP1, suggesting its role in inhibiting cardiac fibroblast transformation, reducing extracellular matrix metabolism in myocardial cells, and lowering collagen Ⅰ and α-SMA content, thus exerting an anti-myocardial fibrosis effect after myocardial infarction. This study revealed the role of Jiming Powder in improving ventricular remodeling and treating myocardial infarction, laying the foundation for further research on the pharmacological effect of Jiming Powder.


Subject(s)
Mice , Animals , Transforming Growth Factor beta1/metabolism , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2/metabolism , beta Catenin/metabolism , Matrix Metalloproteinase 3/therapeutic use , Powders , Ventricular Remodeling , Stroke Volume , Ventricular Function, Left , Myocardial Infarction/drug therapy , Myocardium/pathology , Heart Failure/metabolism , Collagen/metabolism , Creatine Kinase , Fibrosis
10.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4747-4760, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008642

ABSTRACT

In this study, untargeted metabolomics was conducted using the liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry(LC-MS/MS) technique to analyze the potential biomarkers in the plasma of mice with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction(HFpEF) induced by a high-fat diet(HFD) and nitric oxide synthase inhibitor(Nω-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester hydrochloride, L-NAME) and explore the pharmacological effects and mechanism of Jiming Powder in improving HFpEF. Male C57BL/6N mice aged eight weeks were randomly assigned to a control group, a model group, an empagliflozin(10 mg·kg~(-1)·d~(-1)) group, and high-and low-dose Jiming Powder(14.3 and 7.15 g·kg~(-1)·d~(-1)) groups. Mice in the control group were fed on a low-fat diet, and mice in the model group and groups with drug intervention were fed on a high-fat diet. All mice had free access to water, with water in the model group and Jiming Powder groups being supplemented with L-NAME(0.5 g·L~(-1)). Drugs were administered on the first day of modeling, and 15 weeks later, blood pressure and cardiac function of the mice in each group were measured. Heart tissues were collected for hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining to observe pathological changes and Masson's staining to observe myocardial collagen deposition. Untargeted metabolomics analysis was performed on the plasma collected from mice in each group, and metabolic pathway analysis was conducted using MetaboAnalyst 5.0. The results showed that the blood pressure was significantly lower and the myocardial concentric hypertrophy and left ventricular diastolic dysfunction were significantly improved in both the high-dose and low-dose Jiming Powder groups as compared with those in the model group. HE and Masson staining showed that both high-dose and low-dose Jiming Powder significantly alleviated myocardial fibrosis. In the metabolomics experiment, 23 potential biomarkers were identified and eight strongly correlated metabolic pathways were enriched, including linoleic acid metabolism, histidine metabolism, alpha-linolenic acid metabolism, glycerophospholipid metabolism, purine metabolism, porphyrin and chlorophyll metabolism, arachidonic acid metabolism, and pyrimidine metabolism. The study confirmed the pharmacological effects of Jiming Powder in lowering blood pressure and ameliorating HFpEF and revealed the mechanism of Jiming Powder using the metabolomics technique, providing experimental evidence for the clinical application of Jiming Powder in treating HFpEF and a new perspective for advancing and developing TCM therapy for HFpEF.


Subject(s)
Male , Mice , Animals , Heart Failure/metabolism , Powders , Stroke Volume/physiology , Chromatography, Liquid , NG-Nitroarginine Methyl Ester/therapeutic use , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Metabolomics , Biomarkers , Water
11.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 44-48, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992878

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the safety of the Triple-P procedure in women complicated with severe placenta accreta spectrum disorders (PAS) and its influence on second pregnancy.Methods:From January 2015 to December 2017, the outcomes of the second pregnancy after the Triple-P procedure in 11 pregnant women complicated with PAS in the Third Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University and the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University were retrospectively analyzed.Results:By December 2021, a total of 11 pregnant women who underwent the Triple-P procedure for PAS had a second pregnancy, with a median interval of 3 years (2-3 years). Of the 11 pregnant women, 7 delivered after 36 weeks of gestation. The median gestational age was 38 weeks, and 4 terminated within the first trimester. PAS recurred in 1 of 7 pregnant women (1/7) and was associated with placenta previa. All of the 7 pregnant women were delivered by cesarean section, with a median postpartum blood loss of 300 ml (200-450 ml), and only one pregnant woman required blood transfusion. None of the pregnant women were transferred to the intensive care unit, and there were no uterine rupture, bladder injury, puerperal infection, and neonatal adverse outcomes.Conclusion:Pregnant women who underwent the Triple-P procedure for severe PAS could be considered for second pregnancy with strictly management by an experienced multidisciplinary team, which may result in a good outcome.

12.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Ophthalmology ; (12): 110-118, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990819

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect and mechanism of NOD-like receptor family pyrin domain containing 12 (NLRP12) knockdown on inflammatory factor levels and retinal injury in retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) of rats with high intraocular pressure.Methods:Seventy SPF adult male SD rats were selected and randomized into control group, high intraocular pressure (IOP) group, high IOP+ small interfering RNA negative control (siNC) group, high IOP+ siNLRP12 group and high IOP+ siNLRP12+ recombinant rat caspase-1 (rrcaspase-1) group, with 14 rats in each group.Rats in the control group were only treated with conjunctival incision in the right eye, and ocular hypertension model was established in the other four groups with external scleral vein cauterization.High IOP+ siNC group, high IOP+ siNLRP12 group and high IOP+ siNLRP12+ rrcaspase-1 group were injected with siNC, siNLRP12 and siNLRP12+ rrcaspase-1 reagent via the tail vein, respectively.The IOP of the right eye was measured at 1 day, 1, 2 and 3 weeks after the operation.Three weeks after the operation, the retinal structure was observed by hematoxylin-eosin staining, and the number of RGCs in each group was counted.RGCs were divided into control group, rrcaspase-1 group, siNC+ rrcaspase-1 group, siNLRP12+ rrcaspase-1 group.The cells in rrcaspase-1 group, siNC+ rrcaspase-1 group and siNLRP12+ rrcaspase-1 group were treated with rrcaspase-1, siNC+ rrcaspase-1 and siNLRP12+ rrcaspase-1 reagent for 24 hours, respectively.No treatment was given to the control group.The expression levels of NLRP12, caspase-1 and cleaved-caspase-1 proteins in RGCs and retinal tissue were detected by Western blot.The concentrations of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) in rat serum or cell culture supernatant were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.The study protocol was approved by the Animal Ethics Committee of the First People's Hospital of Chenzhou (No.2020086).Results:Compared with control group, the IOP was higher in high IOP group at 1, 2 and 3 weeks after cauterization, and the differences were statistically significant (all at P<0.05). The retinal tissue was clear with the RGCs in a single layer arrangement in the control group.In the high IOP group and the high IOP+ siNC group, the RGCs layer was loose and the inner plexiform layer was thin.The inner plexiform layer was thickened in high IOP+ siNLRP12 group compared with high IOP group, and the RGCs layer was loose in the high IOP+ siNLRP12 group and the high IOP+ siNLRP12+ rrcaspase-1 group.The number of RGCs in control group, high IOP group, high IOP+ siNC group, high IOP+ siNLRP12 group and high IOP+ siNLRP12+ rrcaspase-1 group was 119.31±23.25, 89.19±16.98, 88.87±13.92, 109.33±10.25 and 92.89±12.58, respectively, showing a statistically significant overall difference ( F=201.932, P<0.001). The number of RGCs was lower in the high IOP group, high IOP+ siNC group, high IOP+ siNLRP12 group and high IOP+ siNLRP12+ rrcaspase-1 group than the control group, higher in the high IOP+ siNLRP12 group than the high IOP+ siNC group, and lower in the high IOP+ siNLRP12+ rrcaspase-1 group than the high IOP+ siNLRP12 group, and the differences were statistically significant (all at P<0.05). The relative expressions of caspase-1 and cleaved-caspase-1 proteins and the concentrations of TNF-α and IL-1β in the retinal tissue were higher in high IOP group, high IOP+ siNC group, high IOP+ siNLRP12 group and high IOP+ siNLRP12+ rrcaspase-1 group than control group, higher in high IOP+ siNLRP12 group than high IOP+ siNC group, and higher in high IOP+ siNLRP12+ rrcaspase-1 group than high IOP+ siNLRP12 group (all at P<0.05). Relative expression levels of caspase-1 and cleaved-caspase-1 protein were increased in rrcaspase-1 group and siNC+ rrcaspase-1 group compared with control group, and relative expression levels of NLRP12, caspase-1 and cleaved-caspase-1 protein were decreased in siNLRP12+ rrcaspase-1 group compared with control group (all at P<0.05). The relative mass concentrations of TNF-α and IL-1β were increased in rrcaspase-1 group, siNC+ rrcaspase-1 group and siNLRP12+ rrcaspase-1 group compared with the control group (all at P<0.05). Relative expression levels of NLRP12, caspase-1 and cleaved-caspase-1 proteins and relative mass concentrations of TNF-α and IL-1β in siNLRP12+ rrcaspase-1 group were lower than those in siNC+ rrcaspase-1 group (all at P<0.05). Conclusions:Knockdown of NLRP12 can reduce the inflammatory response and retinal injury induced by high IOP by inhibiting the activation of caspase-1.

13.
Cancer Research on Prevention and Treatment ; (12): 854-859, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988761

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of imatinib on the growth of A549 non-small cell lung cancer transplanted tumors and the expression of PDGFB and PDGFRβ proteins in tumor tissues and stroma in nude mice and to explore the underlying tumor suppression mechanism. Methods A transplantation tumor model of A549 non-small cell lung cancer was established in nude mice. The mice were then randomly divided into four groups: control group (0.9%NaCl), low-dose imatinib group (50 mg/(kg·d)), medium-dose imatinib group (100 mg/(kg·d)), and high-dose imatinib group (200 mg/(kg·d)). The effect of different concentrations of imatinib administered by continuous gavage on tumor growth was observed for 28 days. HE staining was performed to observe the pathological changes of tumor tissues. The expression of PDGF/PDGFR pathway-related proteins and the phosphorylation levels of AKT and ERK1/2 proteins in tumor tissues were detected by Western blot analysis. Double immunofluorescence staining was used to detect the expression of PDGFB and PDGFRβ proteins in the tumor stroma. Results Imatinib inhibited the growth of A549 non-small cell lung cancer cells in nude mice, suppressed the expression of PDGFB in tumor tissues, and decreased the phosphorylation levels of PDGFRβ, AKT, and ERK1/2. The expression of PDGFB and PDGFRβ in tumor stromal fibroblasts of the administered group was significantly lower than that of the control group. Conclusion Imatinib exhibits a pronounced inhibitory effect on A549 xenografts of nude mice with non-small cell lung cancer, and its antitumor mechanism may involve the downregulation of PDGFB and PDGFRβ expression in tumor stromal fibroblasts.

14.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 446-455, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973241

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the co-expression of PTBP1 and p-AXL in osteosarcoma and its clinicopathological significance for prognosis evaluation. MethodsThe expression of PTBP1 and AXL and their prognostic value in osteosarcoma were analyzed by GEO and Target data. Paraffin biopsy specimens and clinical information from 76 cases of osteosarcoma and 37 cases of non-malignant bone tissue (callus, osteofibrous dysplasia and osteoid ostema) were obtained from the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University from March 2016 to October 2020. The expressions of PTBP1 and p-AXL proteins in osteosarcoma were detected by immunohistochemistry. ResultsGEO database showed that the expression levels of PTBP and AXL in osteosarcoma tumor group were higher than those in normal tissues, but did not reach statistical significance. Target database showed that the high expression of PTBP1 had shorter Overall survival(OS) and Progression-free survival(PFS) than low PTBP1 expression, but did not reach statistical significance (P=0.064; P=0.134). Immunohistochemical staining included 76 cases of osteosarcoma and 37 cases of non-malignant bone tissue. The expression rate of PTBP1 and p-AXL protein in osteosarcoma tissues was higher than that in non-malignant bone tissue. The expression of p-AXL is correlated with lung metastasis (P=0.025). Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that lung metastasis, recurrence, PTBP1 expression, co-expression of PTBP1/p-AXL influence the prognosis of patients in OS. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that lung metastasis (P<0.000 1) and positive expression of PTBP1 (P=0.041) were independent risk factors for osteosarcoma patients in OS. Co-expression of PTBP1 and p-AXL had shorter OS (P=0.017) and PFS (P=0.043) than non-coexpression osteosarcoma patients. ConclusionsPTBP1 and p-AXL were highly expressed in osteosarcoma tissues. The co-expression of PTBP1 and p-AXL was associated with poor prognosis of patients, and PTBP1 could be used as an independent prognostic indicator of patients with osteosarcoma.

15.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 294-301, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971397

ABSTRACT

Börjeson-Forssman-Lehmann syndrome (BFLS) is a rare X-linked intellectual disability. The main features of the patients include intellectual disability/global developmental delay, characteristic face, anomalies of fingers and toes, hypogonadism, linear skin hyperpigmentation, and tooth abnormalities in female patients, and obesity in male patients. A case of BFLS caused by a novel mutation of PHF6 gene who was treated in the Department of Pediatrics, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University was reported. The 11 months old girl presented the following symptons: Global developmental delay, characteristic face, sparse hair, ocular hypertelorism, flat nasal bridge, hairy anterior to the tragus, thin upper lip, dental anomalies, ankyloglossia, simian line, tapering fingers, camptodactylia, and linear skin hyperpigmentation. The gene results of the second-generation sequencing technology showed that there was a novel heterozygous mutation site c.346C>T (p.Arg116*) of the PHF6 (NM032458.3), variation rating as pathogenic variation. During the follow-up, the patient developed astigmatism, strabismus, awake bruxism, and stereotyped behavior, and the linear skin hyperpigmentation became gradually more evident. The disease is lack of effective therapy so far.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Infant , Intellectual Disability/genetics , Mental Retardation, X-Linked/pathology , Obesity/complications , Hypogonadism/pathology
16.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 265-270, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929031

ABSTRACT

More than 100 genes located on the X chromosome have been found to be associated with X-linked intellectual disability (XLID) to date, and NEXMIF is a pathogenic gene for XLID. In addition to intellectual disability, patients with NEXMIF gene mutation can also have other neurological symptoms, such as epilepsy, abnormal behavior, and hypotonia, as well as abnormalities of other systems. Two children with intellectual disability and epilepsy caused by NEXMIF gene mutation were treated in the Department of Pediatrics, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University from March 8, 2017 to June 20, 2020. Patient 1, a 7 years and 8 months old girl, visited our department because of the delayed psychomotor development. Physical examination revealed strabismus (right eye), hyperactivity, and loss of concentration. Intelligence test showed a developmental quotient of 43.6. Electroencephalogram showed abnormal discharge, and cranial imaging appeared normal. Whole exome sequencing revealed a de novo heterozygous mutation, c.2189delC (p.S730Lfs*17) in the NEXMIF gene (NM_001008537). During the follow-up period, the patient developed epileptic seizures, mainly manifested as generalized and absent seizures. She took the medicine of levetiracetam and lamotrigine, and the seizures were under control. Patient 2, a 6-months old boy, visited our department due to developmental regression and seizures. He showed poor reactions to light and sound, and was not able to raise head without aid. Hypotonia was also noticed. The electroencephalogram showed intermittent hyperarrhythmia, and spasms were monitored. He was given topiramate and adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH). Whole exome sequencing detected a de novo c.592C>T (Q198X) mutation in NEXMIF gene. During the follow-up period, the seizures were reduced with vigabatrin. He had no obvious progress in the psychomotor development, and presented strabismus. There were 91 cases reported abroad, 1 case reported in China, and 2 patients were included in this study. A total of 85 variants in NEXMIF gene were found, involving 83 variants reported in PubMed and HGMD, and the 2 new variants presented in our patients. The patients with variants in NEXMIF gene all had mild to severe intellectual disability. Behavioral abnormalities, epilepsy, hypotonia, and other neurological symptoms are frequently presented. The phenotype of male partially overlaps with that of female. Male patients often have more severe intellectual disability, impaired language, and autistic features, while female patients often have refractory epilepsy. Most of the variants reported so far were loss-of-function resulted in the reduced protein expression of NEXMIF. The degree of NEXMIF loss appears to correlate with the severity of the phenotype.


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Humans , Male , Epilepsy/genetics , Intellectual Disability/genetics , Muscle Hypotonia/complications , Mutation , Phenotype , Seizures/genetics , Strabismus/complications
17.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 183-191, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940708

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo conduct phylogenetic analysis of internal transcribed spacer 2 (ITS2) and chloroplast gene segments including psbA-trnH, rbcL, and matK of Sophora japonica cv. jinhuai resource samples from different geographical sources, and to explore the genetic diversity of S. japonica cv. jinhuai. MethodPolymerase chain reaction (PCR) method was used to amplify the nucleic acid sequences of ITS2, psbA-trnH, rbcL, and matK of S. japonica cv. jinhuai. Neighbor joining (NJ) method was used to construct phylogenetic trees, and Kimura 2-Parameter (K2P) model was used to calculate the genetic distance of different samples. MEGA and BIOEDIT softwares were applied for mutiple alignment and analysis of ITS2, psbA-trnH, rbcL, and matK sequences of S. japonica cv. jinhuai. ResultThe lengths of ITS2 sequence were 278-279 bp. The lengths of psbA-trnH were 289 bp. The lengths of rbcL sequence were 673 bp. The lengths of matK sequences were 786-792 bp. There were 3 mutation points in ITS2 and psbA-trnH, no mutation point in rbcL, and 13 mutation points in matK. The samples of S. japonica cv. jinhuai were clustered into two groups based on the phylogenetic tree constructed by ITS2 sequences. The sample of seedling tree in Baibao was clustered into one group, while the other 25 samples were clustered into another group. For the psbA-trnH sequence, the success rate of PCR amplification of 28 samples of S. japonica cv. jinhuai was 100%. The 28 samples of S. japonica cv. jinhuai were clustered into three groups based on the clustering results of psbA-trnH sequence. The sample of seedling tree in Shaoshui was clustered into one group. The five samples of grafting tree and seedling tree in Miaotou, grafting trees in Jiantang, Wenqiao, and Daxu, and seeding tree in Xianshui were clustered into one group. The other 21 samples were clustered into another group. The 26 samples of S. japonica cv. jinhuai were clustered into two groups based on the phylogenetic tree constructed by matK sequences. The sample of seedling tree in Xianshui was clustered into one group, while the other 25 samples were clustered into another group. The clustering results of the rbcL sequence of S. japonica cv. jinhuai could not distinguish 28 resource samples. The phylogenetic tree constructed by the combined sequence of ITS2+psbA-trnH+rbcL+matK divided S. japonica cv. jinhuai resource samples into 4 groups. The 13 samples of seedling trees in Qiyang, Daoxian, Miaotou, Shaoshui, Shitang, Xianshui, Jiantang, and Xiangli, and grafting trees in Qiyang, Miaotou, Yongsui, Wenqiao, and Yangtang were clustered into one group. The sample of seedling tree in Wenqiao was clustered into one group. The sample of seedling tree in Daxu was clustered into one group. The remaining samples were clustered into another group. ConclusionPhylogenetic and mutation analysis provide the theoretic foundation to investigate the evolution of the resources of S. japonica cv. jinhuai, and evaluate their genuineness. The results of mutation points can be used to identify the related S. japonica cv. jinhuai resources. The findings of this study show that the combination of different gene sequences has an optimal effect on plant identification.

18.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 859-862, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958152

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the correlation of fetal cervical cystic hygroma (CCH) with chromosomal and structural abnormalities and to assess the prognosis of CCH.Methods:This study retrospectively enrolled 70 fetuses with CCH diagnosed by prenatal ultrasound in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiao Tong University from July 2015, to December 2021. According to whether complicated by structural malformations or other anomalies, all the subjects were divided into the non-isolated and isolated CCH groups. The correlation of CCH and the gestational age at detection with chromosomal and structural abnormalities were analyzed and the prognosis of the cases were summarized using Chi-square test. Results:There were 34 isolated CCH (34/70, 49%) and 36 non-isolated CCH (36/70, 51%) among the 70 cases. In the non-isolated CCH group, there were eight cases (22%, 8/36) with abnormal heart structure, ten (28%, 10/36) with abnormal anterior abdominal wall, 16 (44%,16/36) with systemic edema and/or pleural effusion, one (3%,1/36) with craniocerebral abnormalities and one with holoprosencephaly and cardiac structural abnormalities. Eighteen out of 44 cases undergoing chromosome testing had chromosomal abnormalities, which were trisomy-18 ( n=6), trisomy-21 ( n=3), trisomy-13 ( n=3), 45,XO ( n=3), and chromosome segment duplication or deletion ( n=3). The detection rate of chromosome abnormality was higher in non-isolated CCH group comparing with isolated CCH group [59%(13/22) vs 23%(5/22), χ2=6.02, P=0.014]. There was no significant difference in the gestational age at the detection of CCH or proportion of women of advanced maternal age between the isolated and non-isolated CCH groups (both P>0.05). The ratios of isolated CCH cases with normal chromosome detected at the gestational weeks of 14-27 +6 was higher than those detected at 11-13 +6 weeks [62%(13/21) vs 17%(4/23), χ2=7.39, P=0.001]. Out of the 17 cases with isolated CCH and normal chromosomes, 12 were live births. One of the 12 cases still had a cystic mass with a diameter of 3 cm in the neck nine months after birth, and the other 11 cases had no mass at birth but one case died at the age of five months (hospitalized one week for neonatal edema),one case was found with anal atresia three days after birth and underwent operation and the remaining nine cases were normal during five months to six years follow-up. Conclusions:Non-isolated CCH is at a higher risk of chromosomal abnormalities. Isolated CCH cases detected later had higher rate of normal chromosome and often have a higher survival rate.

19.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 504-509, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956678

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of pelvic packing on the control of intractable postpartum hemorrhage after emergency perinatal hysterectomy (EPH).Methods:Eleven cases with complete clinical data of pelvic packing due to failure of hemostasis after EPH were collected to evaluate the outcome, complications, hospital stay of pregnant women, and to analyze the factors affecting the effect of pelvic packing. The cases included patients who were admitted to the Third Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University after pelvic packing treatment in the other hospital due to continuous bleeding after EPH or who were referred to our hospital for pelvic packing treatment due to continuous bleeding after EPH from January 2014 to August 2021.Results:The median gestational week of 11 pregnant women was 38.3 weeks(38.0-39.9 weeks) , and the methods of termination of pregnancy were cesarean section in 7 cases (7/11) and vaginal delivery in 4 cases (4/11). The median time between postpartum hemorrhage and pelvic tamponade was 10 hours (5-57 hours), the median amount of bleeding was 8 500 ml(4 800-15 600 ml) , the median number of pelvic tamponade was 3 pieces (2-7 pieces), and the median retention time of gauze pad was 6.0 days (3.0-6.0 days). The median frequency of laparotomy in this pregnancy was 3 times (2-3 times), with a maximum of 4 among the 11 cases, the first pelvic packing was successful in hemostasis in 9 cases, and the final successful treatment in all of the 11 cases. All parturients had hemorrhagic shock (11/11) and disseminated intravascular coagulation (11/11) before pelvic packing. Other common complications were multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (9/11), cardiac arrest (4/11), deep vein thrombosis (3/11), septic shock (3/11), and intestinal obstruction (1/11). All parturients took out the gauze after the coagulation function returned to normal and there was no active bleeding. The recovery time of coagulation function in 11 cases was 3 days (3-5 days), the retention time of gauze pad was 6 days (3-6 days), the median length of stay in intensive care unit was 14 days (11-26 days), and the median total length of stay was 22 days (16-49 days).Conclusions:Pelvic packing could be used as a temporary strategy for intractable postpartum hemorrhage after EPH, which provides a key time for injury control resuscitation for patients with unstable vital signs. This technology provides an opportunity for referral to superior medical institutions and further treatment.

20.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 47-53, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014171

ABSTRACT

Aim To explore the effeet of chemogenetic designer reeeptors exclusively activated by designer drugs( DREADD) mediated inhibition of glutamatergic neurons in paraventricular nucleus of hypothalamus (PVN ) on myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury in mice.Methods Mice were catheterized in PVN by stereotaxic technique, followed by recover}' for three days in individual cages.The mice were then received the inhibitory virus rAAV CaMK E cx-hM4d (Gi)-EG- FP-WPRE-hGHpA or the control vims rAAV CaMK H a - E GF P- W PRE - h GH pA in the PVN nucleus.Three weeks after virus infection, myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury ( IR) was performed by ligating the left anterior descending coronary artery for 1 h and then releasing it for 2 h.Clozapine N-oxide (CNO) 2 mg •kg 1 was injected intraperitoneally 1 h before IR, to induce inhibition of glutamatergic neurons in PVN by specifically binding to the hM4D receptor ( Gi).TTC staining was used to measure the infarct size, and ELISA was used to measure the serum cTnl concentration.During experiments, the ECG was recorded by PowerLab system.Western blot was used to detect the pro-survival kinase ERK and cleaved caspase-3 proteins in heart tissues, and the expressions of EGFP, CaMKII and c-fos in PVN were examined under fluorescence microscope.Results The glutamatergic neurons in PV N were specifically infected by AAV vectors.When compared with sham group, the ratio of IS/AAR, serum cTnl, c-fos in PVN, and cleaved caspase-3 protein all increased in IR group , but the pERK level decreased.However, hM4D ( Gi) DREADD mediated inhibition of PVN glutamatergic neurons significantly reduced IS/AAR, cTnl concentration and c-fos expression in PVN, as well as the decrease of cleaved caspase-3 and the increase of pERK in heart tissues.Conclusion Chemogenetic DREADD mediated inhibition of glutamatergic neurons in paraventricular nu- cleus of hypothalamus ( PVN) reduces myocardial is- chemia-reperfusion injury in mice.

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