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1.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 466-470, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920914

ABSTRACT

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a malignant tumor with high incidence in China and the whole world, and early diagnosis and treatment are the key to improving the prognosis of patients. To facilitate the communication and cooperation between doctors of different centers and specialties, American College of Radiology issued the first edition of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) Liver Imaging Reporting and Data System (LI-RADS) in 2016 to standardize the technical terms, techniques, interpretation, reporting, and data collection for liver imaging and perform HCC risk stratification for different focal liver lesions. This article reviews the development and clinical application of CEUS LI-RADS and believes that the application of CEUS LI-RADS has a great potential value in the clinical management of focal liver lesions in the population at a high risk of HCC, and the applicable population and indications for CEUS LI-RADS will continue to expand in the near future, so as to provide better service to clinical practice.

2.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E131-E136, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920680

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the influence of internal and external sphincter loss synergy on stress distributions and urine flow rates of lower urinary tract organs and tissues. Methods Based on collodion slice, the geometric model of the lower urinary tract was reconstructed, and finite element model of the lower urinary tract with muscle active force was established. Through fluid structure coupling simulation, the changes of tissue stress and urine flow rate were simulated under four conditions: normal contraction of internal and external sphincter, total loss of muscle active force and single loss of muscle active force for internal and external sphincters at the end of urination. Results The urethral stress changes in normal contraction of internal and external sphincter muscles were the same as the clinically measured urethral pressure changes. Compared with normal contraction, when the internal sphincter lost its muscle active force alone, stress of the internal sphincter and the urethra of the prostate was reduced by 33.6% and 13.8%, and flow rate of urine in this position was also reduced. When the external sphincter lost its muscle active force alone, the urethral stress of the external sphincter and external urethra was reduced by 59.5% and 24.03%, respectively. When the internal and external sphincter lost muscle active force, stress of the internal sphincter, the prostate, the external sphincter and the external urethra were reduced by 38.77%, 18.6%, 63.58%, 29.74%, respectively, and flow velocity in the corresponding position was also reduced. Conclusions Internal and external sphincter loss synergy resulted in the difference of tissue stress and urine flow rate. The results can provide the theoretical basis for surgical treatment of urinary incontinence caused by sphincter.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884485

ABSTRACT

Objective:To provide a retrospective analysis of the levels of occupational external exposure of radiation workers in Hubei province from 2009 to 2018 in a way to prevent and control its risks.Methods:The external individual doses were surveyed for 50 070 radiation workers between 2009 and 2018 by the effort of the Hubei Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention. Under the relevant national standards, the external radiation doses to radiation workers were conducted by using TLDs.Results:The average annual collective effective dose to radiation workers in a 10 years period was 1.93 man·Sv, the median of average annual effective dose of 0.14 mSv ( P25- P75: 0.06-0.30 mSv), and the average annual effective dose of 0.40 mSv. The annual effective doses received by 46 562 workers were less than 1 mSv, accounting for 92.99% of the total monitored workers. The annual effective dose varied dependent on occupational categories, showing a year-by-year decline trend and staying at a low level after 2012. The relative high radiation doses were seen in nuclear medicine and interventional radiology in medical applications, non-destructive testing and well logging in industrial applications, and other types of radiation applications. Conclusions:The average annual effective dose decreased year in a by year manner and kept at a low level. This indicated that the radiological protection measures taken during the 10 years ensure the health of workers. The continuous monitoring result suggest that much more attention should be paid to such categories workers as nuclear medicine, interventional radiology, non-destructive testing, well logging and others through improving radiation protection measures.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883926

ABSTRACT

Objective:To detect the potential biomarkers in the serum of adolescents with depressive disorder and provide the basis for clinical diagnosis of depression.Methods:A total of 45 adolescents with depression who met the inclusion criteria and 47 healthy controls (HC group) were screened.Patients with depression were treated with sertraline (100 mg/d) for 4 weeks.The patients before sertraline treatment were called DN-MDD group and then were called DT-MDD group after sertraline treatmant.Hamilton Depression Scale (HAMD) was used to evaluate the efficacy of the two groups before and after treatment.The serum was collected for UPLC-MS/MS to determine the changes in profiles of endogenous metabolites.And the software of SPSS 21.0, XCMS and Analyst 3.0 were used to analyze the data.The reliability and feasibility of clinical diagnosis were further analyzed by ROC via GraphPad 8.0.Results:After 4 weeks of sertraline treatment, the patients' HAMD score decreased (before: 19.71±1.72, after: 15.36±1.91) and the effective rate reached 51% ( P<0.01). Multivariate statistical analysis showed that HC group and DN-MDD group and DT-MDD group had significant differences in metabolic profile.Compared with healthy controls, 11 different metabolites were found in the plasma of DN-MDD group including glycerate, adenosine, creatine and so on.After treatment, concentrations of glucose, glutamate, aspartate, sucrose, creatine, pyruvate and adenosine were significant changes in serum of adolescent depression patients.Area under ROC curve of glucose and glutamic acid were >0.9, and the AUC of aspartic acid, sucrose, creatine, pyruvate and adenosine were >0.7, suggesting that these 7 metabolites had different degrees of diagnostic ability. Conclusion:There are different metabolic profiles between adolescents with or without depression, and the antidepressant sertraline is helpful to maintain the level of substance metabolism which can be used as one of the treatment methods for adolescent depression.Our research may support the new strategy for clinical diagnosis and treatment of adolescent depression.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883140

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of Pilates exercise therapy therapy on the bladder function and quality of life of postoperative patients with cervical cancer in young and middle-aged patients.Methods:A total of 124 cases of postoperative patients with cervical cancer in young and middle-aged patients treated in Xuchang Maternity and Child Health Hospital, Henan Province, from January 2018 to December 2019 were divided into experiment group and control group according to the admission time, each group were 62 patients. Participants in the control group received pelvic floor training, while the experiment group carried out Pilates exercise program for three months. The duration of indwelling catheter, residual urine volume and urinary retention rate of two groups were recorded, the bladder function was assessed by Mesure du handicap urinaire (MHU), the quality of life was evaluated by Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Cervix (FACT-Cx).Results:There was no significant difference of the duration of indwelling catheter, residual urine volume and urinary retention rate between two groups ( P>0.05). After 3 months, the MUH scores were (1.91±0.79) points in the experiment group, lower than those in the control group (2.28±1.09) points; the social/family status, emotional status, additional interests scores and total FACT-Cx scores in experiment group were (24.58±1.97), (21.82±1.89), (40.95±2.63), (131.40±5.12) points, higher than those in the control group (23.40±2.79), (20.93±2.34), (39.51±2.77), (126.51±4.73) points, the differences were statistically significant ( t values were 2.052-5.259, P<0.05 or 0.01). Conclusions:Based on the pelvic floor training combine with Pilates exercise can help patients recover bladder function and promote quality of life of cervical cancer in young and middle-aged patients.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883097

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of horticultural therapy on postpartum posttraumatic stress disorder and medical coping method of perinatal depression patients and to provide reference for perinatal depression patients.Methods:A total of 124 perinatal depression patients in Xuchang Maternity and Child Health Hospital from January 2018 to December 2019 were divided into experimental group (62 cases) and control group (62 cases) by random digits table method. The control group received routine nursing, while patients in the experimental group carried out horticultural therapy based on the outine nursing. Before and after intervention, the depression levels were assessed by Postpartum Depression Screening Scale (PDSS), posttraumatic stress was evaluated by Posttraumatic stress CheckList-Civilian version (PCL-C), medical coping method was assessed by Medical Coping Method Questionnaire (MCMQ), respectively.Results:There was no significant difference in the score of PDSS, PCL-C, MCMQ before intervention between the two groups( P>0.05). After intervention, the scores of sleeping/eating disturbance, anxiety/insecurity, emotional lability, cognitive impairment, guilt/shame, contemplating harming oneself, and total PDSS were (8.95 ± 1.37), (9.53 ± 1.57), (10.02 ± 0.79), (7.78 ± 1.43), (9.36 ± 1.81), (7.14 ± 1.56), (61.86 ± 3.78) points in the experimental group, significantly lower than those in the control group (10.11 ± 1.45), (10.96 ± 2.41), (10.81 ± 1.43), (8.61 ± 1.67), (10.35 ± 1.64), (7.84 ± 1.72), (67.93 ± 5.12) points, the differences were statistically significant ( t values were 2.320-7.239, P<0.05). The scores of arousal symptoms, avoidance/numbing, re-experiencing symptoms and total PCL-C were (7.12 ± 0.81), (9.12 ± 1.61), (5.42 ± 1.09), (21.66 ± 2.03) points in the experimental group, significantly lower than in the control group (7.93 ± 1.32), (9.81 ± 2.07), (6.16 ± 1.35), (23.89 ± 2.37) pionts, the differences were statistically significant ( t values were 2.001-5.463, P<0.05). The MCMQ scores in avoidance and yielding were (10.78 ± 2.14), (9.81 ± 2.74) points in the experimental group, significantly lower than in the control group (11.89 ± 2.78), (10.86 ± 2.66) points; their score of facing were (17.39 ± 2.59) points in the experimental group, significantly higher than in the control group (15.95 ± 2.63) points, the difference was statistically significant ( t values were 2.413, 2.971, 2.085, P<0.05). Conclusions:Horticultural therapy can alliviate depression, decrease postpartum posttraumatic stress disorder and promote medical coping method of perinatal depression patients.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882679

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the potential factors influencing the extent of coronary artery lesion in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients with an emphasis on the role of serum SIRT1.Methods:We assessed the clinical data from 81 ACS patients admitted to China-Japan Friendship Hospital. Serum SIRT1 was detected by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and the extent of coronary artery lesion was evaluated by SYNTAX score before revascularization. All the patients were divided into two groups: high SYNTAX score (severe coronary artery lesion, n=38) and low SYNTAX score (moderate coronary artery lesion, n=43), by means of the median of SYNTAX score. Potential factors influencing SYNTAX score were analyzed through multiple linear regression analysis. Results:Compared with the low SYNTAX score group, patients in the high SYNTAX score group had higher serum SIRT1 level [379.38 (490.14) ng/L vs. 242.95 (173.85) ng/L, P<0.001] and frequency of coronary artery disease family history (42.11% vs. 20.93%, P=0.039). There was no statistical difference among other factors between the two groups. Serum SIRT1 was positively correlated with SYNTAX score in ACS patients ( R=0.452, P<0.010). Serum SIRT1 (ln adjusted), age and estimated glomerular filtration rate were independently correlated with SYNTAX score (ln adjusted) in multiple linear regression analysis (Adjusted R2=0.330, P<0.001). Conclusions:For the first time, we discussed the correlation of serum SIRT1 with extent of coronary artery lesion in ACS patients. Cardiologists should pay more attention to high-risk patients in order to improve the prognosis of ACS patients through timely revascularization strategies.

8.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 197-200, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882263

ABSTRACT

Structural variation (SV) of the genome is a group of critical genetic abnormalities in hematological tumors. The currently commonly-used cytogenetics and gene testing techniques have significant limitations in the detection of SV. Genome optical mapping technology provides a powerful tool for analyzing SV with ultra-long fragments, high resolution, automation, high throughput and genome-wide range. It is also known as the next-generation cytogenetics (NGC) technology. In recent years, there have been research reports on the use of NGC for the analysis of SV of leukemia genome. The related research progress is now introduced in conjunction with the reports at the 62nd American Society of Hematology Annual Meeting.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882241

ABSTRACT

In recent years, the development and widespread application of transcriptome sequencing (RNA-seq) technology has provided powerful tools for direct sequencing and identification of possible fusion transcripts. With the increase in reports of large caese about RNA-seq, the real fusion gene map of hematological malignancies revealed by RNA-seq is becoming clearer. This article introduces the related research progress in conjunction with the reports at the 62nd American Society of Hematology Annual Meeting.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905987

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the characteristics of four commonly adopted animal models of hyperuricemia (HUA) for traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) screening, so as to choose the adequate model for screening Chinese herbs and herbal compounds capable of lowering the uric acid. Method:Fifty-four male SD rats were randomly divided into nine groups, namely the normal group, hypoxanthine (HX) + oxonic acid potassium salt (OAPS) model group, yeast extract (YE) + OAPS model group, low-dose adenine (AD) + ethambutol (EMB) model group, high-dose AD + EMB model group, and four positive drug allopurinol (Allo) groups. The modeling lasted for 14 d. The levels of serum uric acid (SUA), urinary uric acid (UUA), serum creatinine (SCr), urea nitrogen (BUN), kidney injury molecule 1 (KIM-1), and neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) were detected on the 3rd, 7th, and 14th days. Urine was collected on the 7th and 14th days to investigate changes in urine volume, and the crystals in the residual urine were observed under a polarizing microscope. After the modeling, the kidney was harvested and weighed, followed by pathological examination. Result:The urine volumes in the HX + OAPS model group and high-dose AD + EMB model group were significantly reduced (<italic>P</italic><0.05). The renal indexes of each model group, except for the YE + OAPS model group, were significantly elevated (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). The increase in SUA of the HX + OAPS model group and YE + OAPS model group started later (<italic>P</italic><0.05). The KIM-1 and NGAL levels of the HX + OAPS model group rose significantly from the 7th day (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01), and the BUN increased significantly on the 14th day (<italic>P</italic><0.05). There was no significant difference in the above-mentioned indicators in the YE + OAPS model group. The SUA levels of the low- and high-dose AD + EMB model groups increased significantly on the 3rd day (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01), with a persistent increase found in the low-dose AD + EMB model group. Besides, the increase in BUN, KIM-1, and NGAL occurred later (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). By contrast, the high-dose AD + EMB model group exhibited a transient increase in SUA. Moreover, the SCr, BUN, KIM-1, and NGAL elevation occurred earlier and were more obvious than those in the low-dose AD + EMB model group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Remarkable histomorphological abnormalities were detected in the kidney of all model groups, except for the YE+OAPS model group, with the most severe injury present in the high-dose AD+EMB model group. Conclusion:The four models commonly used to screen TCM have their own characteristics. In the four models, the SUA elevation in the HX + OAPS model group and YE + OAPS model group started later, with the mild renal injury observed in the HX + OAPS model group instead of the YE + OAPS model group. The SUA of the low-dose AD + EMB model group increased rapidly and lasted for a long time, accompanied by mild renal injury. The SUA of the high-dose AD + EMB model group only showed a transient increase, accompanied by severe renal injury. The investigation on the characteristics and application of different models and the evaluation of these models based on sensitive and objective indicators are helpful for determining the suitable model for the screening of TCM targeting HUA in the future.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905966

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of shikonin on uterine leiomyoma in rats and its molecular mechanism. Method:Sixty female SD rats, of SPF grade and weighing 200-250 g, were randomly divided into the control group, model group, low-, medium-, and high-dose (5, 10, 20 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>) shikonin groups, and mifepristone group. A rat model of uterine leiomyoma was established, and the changes in uterine wet weight, uterine coefficient, and smooth muscle thickness were detected after drug administration for four successive weeks. The pathological changes in uterine tissue were observed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. The contents of estrogen receptor (ER) and progesterone receptor (PR) in serum and uterus were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and the protein expression levels of ER, PR, phosphorylated extracellular signal-regulated kinase (p-ERK), and ERK in the uterine tissue were assayed by Western blot. Result:Compared with the control group, the model group exhibited significantly increased uterine wet weight, uterine coefficient, and smooth muscle thickness (<italic>P</italic><0.01), uterus deformity, focal smooth muscle cell necrosis and hyperplasia, neutrophil infiltration. elevated serum and uterine ER and PR (<italic>P</italic><0.01), and up-regulated p-ERK protein expression in the uterine tissue (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the model group, shikonin at the middle and high doses and mifepristone significantly reduced the uterine wet weight, uterine coefficient, and smooth muscle thickness (<italic>P</italic><0.01), relieved the pathological changes in uterus,and lowered serum and uterine ER and PR, and down-regulated the p-ERK protein expression in the uterine tissue (<italic>P</italic><0.05). In addition, the uterine wet weight, smooth muscle thickness, serum ER, and uterine PR and p-ERK protein expression in the low-dose shikonin group were significantly lower than those in the model group (<italic>P</italic><0.05). Conclusion:Shikonin produces the anti-uterine leiomyoma activity possibly by inhibiting the activation of ERK pathway.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905217

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the plantar pressure features of diabetic patients, and design the offloading structure of insole to reduce the plantar pressure and internal stress of the soft tissue. Methods:A three-dimensional finite element model of foot was established based on CT images. Hole structure was designed in the high plantar pressure area of diabetic patients. The effects of diameter, depth and interval of holes on plantar pressure was analyzed through orthogonal test and finite element analysis, to obtain the optimal scheme; and the offloading effect was analyzed with finite element analysis and experiment. Results:The peak plantar pressure was higher in diabetic patients than in healthy individuals. The holes with 5 mm diameter, 6 mm depth and 2 mm interval in metatarsal and calcaneus regions might effectively reduce the plantar pressure and internal stress of soft tissue, which was 15.6%, 45.6%, 53.5% and 10.1% less of the peak plantar pressure on toes, metatarsal, midfoot and calcaneus area, respectively, compared to walking without insoles. Conclusion:Finite element analysis is helpful to explore the internal stress of soft tissue in diabetic patients, and insole with hole structure can reduce the plantar pressure and internal stress of soft tissue.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905205

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the relationship between small-worldness of brain network and cognitive impairment in patients with white matter lesions (WMLs) based on diffusion tensor imaging (DTI). Methods:From January, 2016 to December, 2017, 46 WMLs patients and 36 controls matched genders, ages and education levels from Beijing Tiantan Hospital were screened with DTI. The patients were divided into vascular cognitive impairment non-dementia (VCIND) and vascular dementia (VaD) groups according to the results of cognitive assessments. The brain structure network was created based on DTI data, and the topological properties of the whole-brain small-world network were calculated, and the correlation between the small-worldness and the severity of cognitive impairment was analyzed. Results:The global efficiency, local efficiency, shortest path length and clustering coefficient were different between the patients and the controls (F > 3.252, P < 0.05), as well as the properties of the small-world network, λ, γ and σ (F > 7.378, P < 0.01). The λ, γ and σ were correlated with the total score of Montreal Cognitive Assessment (|r| > 0.402, P < 0.05). Conclusion:The brain structure network is small-world network for patients with WMLs, and the decrease of small-world properties may relate to the cognitive impairment.

14.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2587-2592, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904515

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To study the mechanism of improvement effects of Fupi rougan granule (FRG)on hepatic fibrosis model rats. METHODS :The rats were randomly divided into blank group ,model group ,Colchicine tablet group (chemical positive control ,0.2 mg/kg),Fuzheng huayu capsule group (TCM positive control ,0.415 g/kg),FRG low-dose ,medium-dose and high-dose groups (20,40,80 g/kg),with 10 rats in each group ,except for 11 rats in blank group and model group (one rat was used to judge whether the modeling was successful ). Except for blank group ,other groups were given intraperitoneal injection of 50% CCl4 olive oil solution and intragastric administration of 30% ethanol to induce hepatic fibrosis model. After modeling , administration groups were given relevant medicine intragastrically ;blank group and model group were given constant volume of normal saline intragastrically ,once a day ,for consecutive 4 weeks. After last administration ,morphology changes of liver tissue in rats were observed. The serum levels of HA ,LN,PCⅢ and Col Ⅳ in rats were detected ,and protein expression of Beclin- 1 and LC3-Ⅱin liver tissue were also determined. mRNA and protein expression of Akt ,AMPK,mTOR,p70S6K were detected in liver tissues of rats. RESULTS :Compared with blank group ,the structure of hepatic lobules in the model group was disordered ,the proliferation of fibrous tissue was obvious ,and some pseudolobules were formed ;the serum levels of HA ,LN,PCⅢ and Col Ⅳ, the protein expression of Beclin- 1 and LC 3-Ⅱ in liver tissue as well as mRNA and protein expression of Akt ,AMPK,mTOR and p70S6K were increased significantly (P<0.01). Compared with model group ,the liver injury of rats in FRG groups was significantly relieved ,and the levels of the above indexes in serum and liver tissue (except for LN and PC Ⅲ in FRG low-dose group) were significantly reduced (P<0.05 or P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS :FRG can improve hepatic fibrosis in rats ,the mechanism of which may be associated with down-regulating the expression of autophagy associated protein and Akt/AMPK/mTOR/ p70S6K signaling pathway related protein.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879584

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To detect fusion gene with pathological significance in a patient with refractory and relapsed acute B cell lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) and to explore its laboratory and clinical characteristics.@*METHODS@#Transcriptome sequencing was used to detect potential fusion transcripts. Other laboratory results and clinical data of the patient were also analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The patient was found to harbor TCF3 exon 17-ZNF384 exon 7 in-frame fusion transcript. The minimal residual disease (MRD) has remained positive after multiple chemotherapy protocols including CD19-, CD22- targeted chimeric antigen receptor T cells immunotherapy. The patient eventually achieved complete remission and sustained MRD negativity after allogeneic hemopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT).@*CONCLUSION@#Transcriptome sequencing can effectively detect potential fusion genes with clinical significance in leukemia. TCF3-ZNF384 positive B-ALL has unique laboratory and clinical characteristics, may not well respond to chemotherapy and immunotherapy, and is more likely to relapse. Timely allo-HSCT treatment may help such patients to achieve long-term disease-free survival. TCF3-ZNF384 positive B-ALL is not uncommon in pediatric patients but has not been effectively identified.


Subject(s)
B-Lymphocytes , Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors/genetics , Child , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Laboratories , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/therapy , Trans-Activators/genetics , Transcriptome
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879402

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the short-term clinical efficacy of single-stage cervical spondylotic radiculopathy (CSR) between the minimally invasive Key-hole technique and anterior cervical Zero profile intervertebral fusion system (Zero-P).@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on 45 patients who underwent surgical treatment for CSR from January 2017 to January 2020, including 21 in Key hole group (12 males and 9 females), followed up for 10-22(13.2±2.3) months;24 cases in Zero-P group (14 males and 10 females), and the follow up period was 10 to 23(12.7±1.9) months. Perioperative conditions (incision length, intraoperative blood loss, operation time, length of hospital stay, and complications) were compared between two groups, and X-rays of cervical spine before and after surgery and at the final follow-up were taken to analyzed curvature of the cervical spine, visual analogue scale(VAS) of pain before and after surgery, Oswestry Disability Index(ODI) and Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score of cervical spine were recorded to evaluate clinical efficacy.@*RESULTS@#In Key-hole group and Zero-P group, the surgical incision length, intraoperative blood loss, operation time, final follow-up Cobb angle and immediate postoperative VAS score respectively were (1.2±0.2) cm, (5.3±0.3) cm;(35.3±9.7) ml, (120.2±13.5) ml;(56.4±11.3) min, (90.6±12.6) min;(3.2±3.9)°, (7.3±3.8)°;(2.8±1.2)points, (3.8±1.1) points;the Zero-P group was larger than the Key hole group, with statistical significance(@*CONCLUSION@#The cervical spine Key-hole technology is similar to the anterior cervical Zero-P system in the treatment of CSR. The Key-hole technique has certain advantages in incision length, intraoperative blood loss, and operation time. It is a safe, effective and can be widely used cervical spine surgery method.


Subject(s)
Case-Control Studies , Cervical Vertebrae/surgery , Female , Humans , Male , Radiculopathy/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fusion , Spondylosis/surgery , Treatment Outcome
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862731

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the epidemiological characteristics and seasonal distribution of hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) in a suburban town in Shanghai from 2012 to 2018, and to provide a scientific basis for formulating effective prevention and control strategies. Methods The incidence data of a suburban town in Shanghai from 2012 to 2018 was collected through the Chinese disease prevention and control information system and analyzed by descriptive epidemiological methods. Results From 2012 to 2018, a total of 538 cases of hand, foot and mouth disease were reported in the suburban town in Shanghai, with an average annual incidence of 186.27/100,000. The difference in incidence between each year was statistically significant (χ2=107.95, P<0.05). The age of onset was mainly children under 5 years old. Peak incidence was from May to September. The main occupation was scattered children. HFMD outbreaks mainly occurred in nurseries and schools, accounting for 60.53% of the total number of outbreaks. Conclusion From 2012 to 2018, the incidence of HFMD in a suburban town in Shanghai had a certain seasonality. It is recommended to implement preventive measures against HFMD for key populations and key places before the high incidence period to reduce the occurrence of severe cases and epidemic situations.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862496

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the characteristics and trends of adverse drug reactions (ADR) induced by anti-infective drugs in Shanghai Prison General Hospital and provide a guideline of rational drug use and pharmacovigilance for detainees. Methods The anti-infective drug induced ADR cases reported to the national ADR monitoring center in our hospital from January 2011 to October 2018 were collected. The primary and secondary factors of types, organs and (or) systems affected by anti-infective drugs that lead to ADR were studied with Pareto diagram. Results 158 ADR cases caused by anti-infective drugs were collected. 143 cases (90.51%) were male in 20-59 years old. Pareto diagram analysis showed that ADRs mainly involved eight kinds of anti-infective drugs (antituberculosis drugs, cephalosporins, sulfonamides, antiviral drugs, penicillin, aminoglycosides, fluoroquinolones and nitroimidazoles). ADRs mainly involved in hepatobiliary and blood system. Both topical and systemic reactions were reported. Abnormal liver function, liver injury, rash and allergic reaction were the most common. Conclusion Pareto diagram method reflected the "critical minority and minor majority" analysis on detainees with ADRs caused by anti-infective drug. It was recommended to focus on anti-tuberculosis drugs and cephalosporin drugs to reduce or avoid the occurrence of ADR.

19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913800

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Current variability in methods for tumor mutational burden (TMB) estimation and reporting demonstrates the urgent need for a homogeneous TMB assessment approach. Here, we compared TMB distributions in different cancer types using two customized targeted panels commonly used in clinical practice. @*Materials and Methods@#TMB spectra of 295- and 1021-gene panels in multiple cancer types were compared using targeted next-generation sequencing (NGS). The TMB distributions across a diverse cohort of 2,332 cancer cases were then investigated for their associations with clinical features. Treatment response data were collected for 222 patients who received immune-checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) and their homologous recombination DNA damage repair (HR-DDR) and programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression were additionally assessed and compared with the TMB and response rate. @*Results@#The median TMB between gene panels was similar despite a wide range in TMB values. The highest TMB was 8 and 10 in patients with squamous cell carcinoma and esophageal carcinoma according to the classification of histopathology and cancer types, respectively. Twenty-three out of 103 patients (22.3%) were HR-DDR‒positive and could benefit from ICI therapy; out of those 23 patients, seven patients had high TMB (p=0.004). Additionally, PD-L1 expression was not associated with TMB or treatment response among patients receiving ICIs. @*Conclusion@#Targeted NGS assays demonstrated the ability to evaluate TMB in pan-cancer samples as a tool to predict response to ICIs. In addition, TMB integrated with HR-DDR‒positive status could be a significant biomarker for predicting ICI response in patients.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912405

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical characteristics of vascular neuro-ophthalmology in patients with central retinal artery occlusion (CRAO).Methods:A single-center, prospective clinical study. From January 2018 to December 2020, 49 eyes of 49 CRAO patients of The Neuro-ophthalmology Department of Xi'an First Hospital were included in the study. Data on patient demographic characteristics, vascular risk factors, disease characteristics, digital subtraction angiography (DSA) imaging characteristics of internal carotid arteries, treatment, treatment-related adverse events, and 1-month follow-up vascular events were collected. All patiens were examined by visual acuity, head CT and or magnetic resonance imaging. At the same time, 35 cases of internal carotid artery vascular DSA were examined; 14 cases of head and neck CT angiography were examined. The anatomical variation of the extracranial segment of the internal carotid artery was divided into tortuous, tortuous, and coiled; the aortic arch was divided into type Ⅰ , type Ⅱ , type Ⅲ, and bovine type. Intravenous thrombolysis, arterial thrombolysis, conservative treatment were performed. The follow-up time was1 month after treatment. Functional vision was defined as vision ≥20/100. Vascular events were strokes, cardiovascular events, deaths and neovascular glaucoma during follow-up.Results:Among 49 eyes of 49 cases, 40 eyes were male (81.6%, 40/49), and 9 eyes were female (18.4%, 9/49); the average age was 60.7±12.9 years. There were 33, 17, and 16 cases with hypertension, type 2 diabetes, and cerebrovascular disease, respectively; 27 and 34 cases had a history of smoking and tooth loss, respectively. Taking antihypertensive, hypoglycemic, antiplatelet aggregation/anticoagulation, and hypolipidemic drugs were 15, 5, 8, and 5 patients, respectively. There were 11 cases of transient amaurosis before the onset, and 17 cases of CRAO after waking up. There were 33 cases (67.3%, 33/49) with infarction of the affected side of the brain tissue. DSA was performed in 35 cases, and the stenosis rate of the internal carotid artery on the affected side was 70%-99% and 100% were 3 (8.6%, 3/35) and 4 (11.4%, 4/35) cases, respectively. The ophthalmic artery on the affected side originated from the external carotid artery in 5 cases (14.3%, 5/35). There were 17 (54.8%, 17/31) and 2 (6.5%, 2/31) cases of tortuousity and kinking in the extracranial segment of the internal carotid artery. There were 15 (42.9%, 15/35), 6(17.1%, 6/35), and 2 (5.7%, 2/35) cases of aortic arch type Ⅱ, type Ⅲ, and bovine type, respectively. Intravenous thrombolysis and arterial thrombolysis were performed in 13 and 29 cases, respectively. Complications occurred in 2 cases during treatment; 3 cases of symptoms fluctuated after treatment, and 10 cases of asymptomatic new infarcts occurred in imaging studies. Forty-eight cases were treated with antiplatelet aggregation/anticoagulation and hypolipidemic treatment. At discharge and 1 month after treatment, the recovery of functional vision was 7 and 17 cases, respectively. One month after treatment, 1 case died because myocardial infarction; 2 cases of neovascular glaucoma occurred.Conclusion:The proportion of CRAO patients with vascular risk factors and internal carotid artery abnormalities on the affected side is relatively high; the prognosis is relatively good after intravenous thrombolysis and/or arterial thrombolysis and secondary stroke prevention.

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