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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2791-2797, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941497

ABSTRACT

Anemoside B4 (B4), a main triterpenoid saponin from a traditional Chinese medicine plant, Pulsatilla chinensis, is a novel anti-inflammatory agent for protection from acute lung injury. We investigated the pulmonary availability and anti-inflammatory efficacy of B4 after intratracheal and intravenous dosing with a view to evaluating the suitability of inhalation delivery. All animal studies were performed under the guidelines approved by the Animal Care and Use Committee of Institute of Medicinal Plant Development, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences (Approval No: SLXD-20181113046). In vitro evaluation of the aerodynamic characteristics and droplet size distribution showed that the aerosols generated by a commercially available nebulizer were well deposited in the respiratory tract. Following intratracheal administration, B4 underwent pulmonary absorption into the bloodstream, rendering an absolute bioavailability of 103%. Compared to intravenous delivery, intratracheal administration dramatically increased the drug availability in lung tissue of rats by more than 1 000-fold, leading to improved and prolonged concentrations of B4 in lung tissue up to 48 h. In addition, the intratracheal administration of B4 resulted in dose-dependent and prolonged anti-inflammatory efficacy in a lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced lung injury model in mice. The present results demonstrate that inhalation delivery of B4 is a promising approach to treat pulmonary inflammation with once-daily dosing.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941037

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of mibefradil on skeletal muscle mass, function and structure in obese mice.@*METHODS@#Fifteen 6-week-old C57BL/6 mice were randomized equally into normal diet group (control group), high-fat diet (HFD) group and high-fat diet +mibefradil intervention group (HFD +Mibe group). The grip strength of the mice was measured using an electronic grip strength meter, and the muscle content of the hindlimb was analyzed by X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). Triglyceride (TG) and total cholesterol (TC) levels of the mice were measured with GPO-PAP method. The cross-sectional area of the muscle fibers was observed with HE staining. The changes in the level of autophagy in the muscles were detected by Western blotting and immunofluorescence assay, and the activation of the Akt/mTOR signaling pathway was detected with Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#Compared with those in the control group, the mice in HFD group had a significantly greater body weight, lower relative grip strength, smaller average cross sectional area of the muscle fibers, and a lower hindlimb muscle ratio (P < 0.05). Immunofluorescence assay revealed a homogenous distribution of LC3 emitting light red fluorescence in the cytoplasm in the muscle cells in HFD group and HFD+Mibe group, while bright spots of red fluorescence were detected in HFD group. In HFD group, the muscular tissues of the mice showed an increased expression level of LC3 II protein with lowered expressions of p62 protein and phosphorylated AKT and mTOR (P < 0.05). Mibefradil treatment significantly reduced body weight of the mice, lowered the expression level of p62 protein, and increased forelimb grip strength, hindlimb muscle ratio, cross-sectional area of the muscle fibers, and the expression levels of LC3 II protein and phosphorylated AKT and mTOR (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Mibefradil treatment can moderate high-fat diet-induced weight gain and improve muscle mass and function in obese mice possibly by activating AKT/mTOR signal pathway to improve lipid metabolism and inhibit obesityinduced autophagy.


Subject(s)
Animals , Body Weight , Diet, High-Fat , Mibefradil/metabolism , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Mice, Obese , Muscle, Skeletal/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism
3.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 321-327, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936013

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical effects of free transplantation of expanded ilioinguinal flaps in the reconstruction of severe scar contracture after extensive burns. Methods: A retrospective observational study was conducted. From August 2017 to October 2021, 7 patients with severe scar contracture deformity caused by extensive burns were hospitalized in Tongren Hospital of Wuhan University & Wuhan Third Hospital, including 5 males and 2 females, aged 26-65 years, with scar area of 20 cm×4 cm-34 cm×14 cm. In the first stage, the rectangular skin and soft tissue expander (hereinafter referred to as the expander) with rated capacity of 500-600 mL were embedded above the inguinal ligament, and then normal saline was injected after stitch removal for expansion to meet the needs of repair surgery. In the second stage, the scar was removed by surgical excision to correct the deformity and release the adhesion and contracture; after the removal of the expanders, the expanded ilioinguinal free flaps were harvested. When a larger flap was needed, the paraumbilical perforator flap was harvested at the same time, and the flaps were transplanted to the secondary wound after scar resection. The number of embedded expanders, the total amount of injected normal saline, the expansion time, the complications of skin and soft tissue expansion, the number, area, thickness, and anastomotic vascular pedicles of the expanded ilioinguinal flaps being resected, the type of flaps used, the repair method of flap donor sites, and the survival of flaps after operation were observed and recorded. The long-term repair effect and donor site condition were followed up. At the last follow-up, the patients' satisfaction with the curative effect of each surgical site was investigated according to the grade 5 score of Likert scale. Results: A total of 10 expanders were embedded in 7 patients, of which 4 patients had 1 each and 3 patients had 2 each. The total volume of normal saline injected was 800-1 800 (1 342±385) mL, and the expansion time was 4-24 (11±5) months. One patient had the expander exposed due to infection after the expander being inserted, while the other patients had no complications of skin and soft tissue expansion. Totally 10 expanded ilioinguinal flaps with the area of 22 cm×6 cm-36 cm×16 cm ((326±132) cm2) and the thickness of 0.6-1.1 (0.77±0.16) cm were harvested. Among the 10 expanded ilioinguinal flaps, 5 were pedicled with the superficial circumflex iliac artery, 3 with the superficial abdominal artery with relatively large caliber, 1 with the common trunk of the superficial circumflex iliac artery and the superficial abdominal artery, and 1 flap was anastomosed with the superficial circumflex iliac artery and bridged the superficial abdominal artery for intra-arterial supercharge. Unilateral expanded ilioinguinal flap combined with ipsilateral paraumbilical perforator flap were harvested in 4 cases, bilateral expanded ilioinguinal flaps were harvested in 1 case, and unilateral expanded ilioinguinal flap was harvested in 2 cases. Except for 1 case being transplanted with autologous split-thickness scalp to repair the flap donor site after combined resection of bilateral expanded ilioinguinal flaps, the donor sites of the other patients were sutured directly. All the flaps survived after operation without tip necrosis or wound residue. Follow-up for 3-30 (15±10) months showed that the flap was soft and not bloated, the function and appearance of the recipient area were significantly improved compared with those before operation, and the appearance of the donor sites was good. At the last follow-up, the patients' satisfaction with the treatment effect of the surgical site scored 4-5 (4.5±0.4). Conclusions: The expanded ilioinguinal flap can be obtained in a large area. It has the advantages of rich blood supply, less damage to the donor site, concealed location, and being convenient to be resected and transplanted in combination with the paraumbilical perforator flap. It is suitable for the clinical reconstruction and treatment of severe scar contracture deformity after extensive burns.


Subject(s)
Burns/surgery , Cicatrix/surgery , Contracture/surgery , Female , Humans , Male , Perforator Flap , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures/methods , Saline Solution , Skin Transplantation , Soft Tissue Injuries/surgery , Treatment Outcome
4.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 46-51, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935578

ABSTRACT

Objective: To identify the risk factors of newly developed nonalcoholic fatty liver disease(NAFLD) after pancreaticoduodenectomy(PD). Methods: The clinical data of 130 patients who had undergone PD at Department of Hepatopancreatobiliary Surgery, Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital, the Affiliated Hospital of Medical School of Nanjing University from June 2018 to December 2020 were collected retrospectively. There were 74 males and 56 females, with age(M(IQR)) of 62(16) years (range: 22 to 84 years). Twenty-nine patients who developed NAFLD were divided into NAFLD group and 101 patients who did not suffer NAFLD were divided into no NAFLD group. Observation indications included:(1)preoperative demographics,intraoperative and postoperative characteristics; (2)the risk factors of newly developed NAFLD after PD. Count data were analyzed using χ2 test or Fisher's exact test. Measurement data were analyzed by student t test or Mann-Whitney U test. Multivariate analysis was performed using Logistic regression model with a stepwise forward approach. Results: All 130 patients successfully underwent PD and 29 cases(22.3%) developed NAFLD in 6 months after PD. The results of univariate analysis showed that gender,diabetic mellitus,the level of triglyceride preoperatively,and pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma were the related factors of the development of NAFLD after PD(t=-2.655, χ²=4.563,U=-2.192,χ²=7.044;all P<0.05).Multivariate analysis revealed that gender,body mass index and pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma were independent risk factors for the development of NAFLD after PD(OR=2.849,1.214,4.165,all P<0.05). Conclusion: Gender, body mass index and pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma were independent risk factors for the development of NAFLD after PD.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease , Pancreatic Neoplasms/surgery , Pancreaticoduodenectomy/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930766

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of peer support-based narrative therapy on postoperative self-image and stigma of patients with head and neck cancer, to provide reference for clinical nursing.Methods:A total of 78 head and neck cancer patients from August 2018 to August 2020 in Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center were divided into experimental group and control group by random digits table method, each group were 39 cases. The control group was given conventional nursing, while the experimental group implemented support-based narrative therapy on the basis of routine nursing. The intervention time was 4 weeks. The self-image and stigma of the two groups before and after intervention were assessed by Body Image Scale (BIS) and Social Impact Scale (SIS), respectively.Results:Finally, 37 cases were included in the experimental group and 38 cases in the control group. There was no significant difference in BIS, SIS dimension scores and total scores between the two groups before intervention ( P>0.05). After intervention, the emotional demension scores, behavior dimension scores, cognitive dimension scores and total scores in BIS were 4.41 ± 1.04, 1.95 ± 0.51, 3.81 ± 0.63 and 10.16 ± 2.05 in the experimental group, significantly lower than in the control group 5.08 ± 1.08, 2.82 ± 0.60, 5.42 ± 0.76 and 13.32 ± 1.93, the differences were statistically significant ( t values were 2.76-6.86, all P<0.01); the social exclusion scores, internal shame scores, social isolation scores and total stigma scores in SIS were 17.57 ± 2.67, 9.08 ± 1.55, 12.14 ± 3.73 and 46.14 ± 4.95 in the experimental group, significantly lower than in the control group 19.18 ± 3.70, 10.68 ± 1.61, 14.18 ± 3.83 and 51.68 ± 6.09, the differences were statistically significant ( t values were 2.16-4.38, all P<0.05). Conclusions:Peer support-based narrative therapy can effectively alleviate the postoperative self-image problems and stigma of patients with head and neck cancer, which is worthy of clinical application.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928754

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To construct a mouse model of Glanzmann's thrombasthenia (GT) with ITGA2B c.2659 C>T (p.Q887X) nonsense mutation by CRISPR/Cas9 technology, and then further explore the expression and function of glycoprotein αIIbβ3 on the surface of platelet membrane.@*METHODS@#The donor oligonucleotide and gRNA vector were designed and synthesized according to the ITGA2B gene sequence. The gRNA and Cas9 mRNA were injected into fertilized eggs with donor oligonucleotide and then sent back to the oviduct of surrogate mouse. Positive F0 mice were confirmed by PCR genotyping and sequence analysis after birth. The F1 generation of heterozygous GT mice were obtained by PCR and sequencing from F0 bred with WT mice, and then homozygous GT mice and WT mice were obtained by mating with each other. The phenotype of the model was then further verified by detecting tail hemorrhage time, saphenous vein bleeding time, platelet aggregation, expression and function of αIIbβ3 on the surface of platelet.@*RESULTS@#The bleeding time of GT mice was significantly longer than that of WT mice (P<0.01). Induced by collagen, thrombin, and adenosine diphosphate (ADP), platelet aggregation in GT mice was significantly inhibited (P<0.01, P<0.01, P<0.05). Flow cytometry analysis showed that the expression of αIIbβ3 on the platelet surface of GT mice decreased significantly compared with WT mice (P<0.01), and binding amounts of activated platelets to fibrinogen were significantly reduced after thrombin stimulation (P<0.01). The spreading area of platelet on fibrinogen in GT mice was significantly smaller than that in WT mice (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#A GT mouse model with ITGA2B c.2659 C>T (p.Q887X) nonsense mutation has been established successfully by CRISPR/Cas9 technology. The aggregation function of platelet in this model is defective, which is consistent with GT performance.


Subject(s)
Animals , CRISPR-Cas Systems , Codon, Nonsense , Disease Models, Animal , Fibrinogen/genetics , Humans , Integrin alpha2/genetics , Mice , Oligonucleotides , Platelet Glycoprotein GPIIb-IIIa Complex/genetics , RNA, Guide , Thrombasthenia/genetics , Thrombin/genetics
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928722

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To summarize the clinical and laboratory characteristics of patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with inv(16)/t(16;16) (p13.1;q22), and to analyze the risk factors affecting the prognosis of the patients.@*METHODS@#AML patients with inv(16)/t(16;16) (p13.1;q22) and/or CBFβ-MYH11+ admitted to the Department of Hematology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University from January 1, 2008 to October 30, 2019 were retrospective analyzed, the clinical and laboratory indicators, as well as treatment plans and efficacy evaluations of the patients were all recorded. Furthermore, related factors affecting the overall survival (OS) and event-free survival (EFS) of the patients were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Among 151 AML patients with inv(16)/t(16;16) (p13.1;q22) and/or CBFβ-MYH11+, the percentage of additional chromosomal abnormalities was about 27.8%, and the most common additional chromosomal abnormality was +22 (33/151, 21.8%), followed by +8 (11/151, 7.3%). There were 112 patients with perfect NGS examination, and the result showed the most common accompanying gene mutations were KIT mutation (34/112, 30.4%) and FLT3 mutation (23/112, 20.5%). Univariate analysis showed that factors affecting EFS included: NE≤0.5×109/L (P=0.006) and combined K-RAS mutation (P=0.002); Factors affecting OS included: Age≥50 years old (P<0.001) and NE≤0.5×109/L (P=0.016). Multivariate analysis showed that NE≤0.5×109/L (P=0.019) was the risk factors affecting OS. The proportion of bone marrow eosinophilia (BME)≥10.00% (P=0.029) was the risk factors affecting EFS.@*CONCLUSION@#The prognosis for those newly diagnosed AML patients who were of advanced age, the high proportion of bone marrow eosinophils, K-RAS mutations, and agranulocytosis is poor. The treatment plans can be adjusted in the early stage to improve the prognosis of such patients.


Subject(s)
Chromosome Inversion , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics , Middle Aged , Myosin Heavy Chains/genetics , Oncogene Proteins, Fusion , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928312

ABSTRACT

The proximal medial column of the humerus is a continuous cortical region in the inner and lower part of the humerus head, which has attracted more and more attention in clinical and scientific research since it was proposed. It has been shown to increase the stability of internal fixation, maintain the height of the humeral head to prevent varus, and reduce the risk of screw penetration. Biomechanical studies have also shown that the medial column has an outstanding performance in increasing the stiffness, torsion resistance, and shear resistance of the locking plate. Although it has many benefits, there is no unified definition of its concept and specific region, and the existing classification does not include the medial column, therefore more researches are required to provide supporting information. The methods of medial column reconstruction mainly include locking plate combined with talus screw, locking plate combined with bone grafting, internal and external double plate combined support, locking plate combined with bone cement, and humeral cage. These methods have their own characteristics, however they will increase the cost of surgery and bring new complications. How to determine the best way of reconstruction is one of the focuses of future research. In this review, the concept of the proximal medial humerus column, the role of maintaining internal fixation, the role of biomechanics and the reconstruction methods are reviewed.


Subject(s)
Aged , Bone Plates , Bone Screws , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Humans , Humeral Head , Shoulder Fractures/surgery
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928311

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To systematically evaluate the clinical efficacy of arthroscopy and traditional incision in the treatment of tibial avulsion fracture of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL).@*METHODS@#From July 2010 to July 2020, clinical comparative trial about arthroscopy and traditional incision in the treatment of ACL tibial avulsion fracture was conducted by using computer-based databases, including Embase, Pubmed, Central, Cinahl, PQDT, CNKI, Weipu, Wanfang, Cochrane Library, CBM. Literature screening and data extraction were carried out according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, and the quality of the included literature was evaluated by improved Jadad score and Ottawa Newcastle scale (NOS). The operation time, hospital stay, fracture healing time, knee range of motion, postoperative excellent and good rate, complication rate, Lysholm score, International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) score and Tegner score were statistically analyzed by Review Manager 5.3 software.@*RESULTS@#Finally, 16 literatures were included, including 1 randomized controlled trial and 15 non randomized controlled trials, with a total of 822 patients (405 in arthroscopy group and 417 in traditional incision group). Meta analysis showed that the operation time [MD=-9.03, 95% CI(-14.36, -3.70), P<0.001], hospital stay [MD=-5.81, 95%CI(-9.32, -2.31), P=0.001] and fracture healing time [MD=-14.61, 95% CI(-17.93, -11.28), P<0.001] in the arthroscopy group were better than those in the traditional incision group. The incidence of complications in arthroscopy group was lower than that in traditional incision group[OR=0.15, 95%CI(0.07, 0.33), P<0.001]. The postoperative excellent and good rate[OR=4.39, 95%CI (1.96, 9.82), P<0.001], knee mobility[MD=6.78, 95%CI(2.79, 10.77), P<0.001], Lysholm score[MD=11.63, 95%CI(4.91, 18.36), P<0.001], IKDC score[MD=7.83, 95%CI(6.09, 9.57), P<0.001] and Tegner score[MD=0.60, 95%CI(0.31, 0.89), P<0.001] in the arthroscopic group were higher than those in the traditional incision group.@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with the traditional open reduction and internal fixation, arthroscopic surgery in patients with ACL tibial avulsion fracture can shorten the operation time, hospital stay and fracture healing time, reduce the incidence of postoperative complications, and obtain good postoperative knee function. It can be recommended as one of the first choice for patients with ACL tibial avulsion fracture.


Subject(s)
Anterior Cruciate Ligament/surgery , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries/surgery , Arthroscopy , Fractures, Avulsion/surgery , Humans , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Suture Techniques
10.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 47-58, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927580

ABSTRACT

The kidney is one of the main target organs involved in hypertension, and it regulates water and salt metabolism, blood volume and vascular resistance. High salt intake induces salt and water retention, persistent endothelial dysfunction and elevation of blood pressure in salt sensitive individuals. Dahl salt sensitive (Dahl-SS) rats, as a classic animal model for salt sensitive hypertension, have many similar stably inherited physiological characteristics to human with salt sensitive hypertension, such as salt sensitivity, hyperlipidemia, insulin resistance, renal failure, increased urinary protein secretion and low plasma renin activity. Based on renal physiology and biochemistry researches and multi-omics analyses in Dahl-SS rats, this review will summarize the relationship between salt sensitive hypertension and renal redox, NO, amino acids, glucose and lipid metabolism.


Subject(s)
Animals , Blood Pressure , Hypertension , Kidney/metabolism , Rats , Rats, Inbred Dahl , Sodium Chloride, Dietary
11.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 92-97,F4, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882446

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the clinical efficacy and prognostic factors in patients with stage Ⅲb/c or Ⅳ inoperable advanced gastric cancer.Methods:The clinical data of 33 patients with unresectable locally advanced (stage Ⅲb/c) or unresectable stage Ⅳ gastric cancer were collected from May 2017 to may 2019 in the Department of Surgical Oncology, Anqing Hospital affiliated to Anhui Medical University, Among them, there were 25 males and 8 females with an average age of 65.48±9.00 years. According to the data of patients with conversion therapy efficacy and postoperative pathology and other factors for statistics, using univariate and multivariate analysis method to evaluate its correlation with the prognosis of patients.Results:Of 33 patients, 2 patients were complete remission, 18 patients were partial remission, the objective response rate(ORR) was 60.6%. 20 patients recevied surgical treatment, 17 patients achieved R0 resection. The median overall survival(mOS) of all 33 patients was (18.6±4.5) months. The mOS of patients who underwent surgical treatment was (25.7±10.99) months, which in patients without surgical treatment was (11.2±2.5) months( P=0.004). The mOS of stage Ⅲb/c patients Was (18.9±10.99) months, and of stage Ⅳ patients was (11.3±0.35) months( P=0.568). Univariate analysis showed that preoperative chemotherapy cycle ≥4 weeks had a better prognosis than patients with less than 4 cycles ( P=0.003), TRG score 1/2 patients had a better prognosis ( P=0.001), and positive lymph nodes ≥7 was risk factor. Multivariate analysis showed that positive lymph nodes ≥7 was the only independent prognostic factor ( P=0.013). Conclusion:For patients with stage Ⅲb/c or Ⅳ inoperable advanced gastric cancer, surgical resection after conversion therapy can improve patient survival, adequate preoperative chemotherapy can improve the prognosis of patients with at least 4 cycles of chemotherapy.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912885

ABSTRACT

Objective: To collect, compare and analyze the changes in the strength and stability of the forearm Rou-Kneading manipulation before and after the training in Shaolin Neigong (internal Qigong). Methods: Ninety first-year undergraduates were randomized into three groups using the random number table method, with 30 people in each group. The Gongfa (Qigong method) group received training in both Shaolin Neigong and forearm Rou-Kneading manipulation. The manipulation group only received training in forearm Rou-Kneading manipulation. The control group only received training in forearm Rou-Kneading manipulation for one week. The ZTC-1 intelligent Tuina (Chinese therapeutic massage) manipulation parameter detection system was used to collect the wave crest, wave trough, and crest-trough difference of the strength and frequency of the forearm Rou-Kneading manipulation on the Z-axis (up and down), X-axis (left and right) and Y-axis (backward and forward) at weeks one, five and ten from the three groups. The collected data were then processed and analyzed. Results: The intra-group comparisons showed statistical significance in the Gongfa group and manipulation group (P<0.05). The strength and stability shown on the axes Z, X, and Y constantly grew with the increase of training time in the Gongfa group. The wave crest on the axes Z and Y steadily rose in the manipulation group, as well as the frequency on the axes Z, X and Y. The control group failed to show statistical significance in any of the three times of intra-group comparisons (P>0.05). The between-group comparisons showed statistical significance among the three groups at weeks five and ten (P<0.05). At week five, the wave crest on the axes Z, X, and Y, and the crest-trough difference on the axes X and Y were more prominent in the Gongfa group than in the manipulation group, showing statistical significance (P<0.05). At week ten, the wave crest, wave trough, and crest-trough differences on the axes Z, X, and Y were more prominent in the Gongfa group than in the manipulation group, presenting statistical significance (P<0.05). Conclusion: Practicing Shaolin Neigong can help the trainees reach the level of strength and frequency of Tuina clinicians in a shorter time in the forearm Rou-Kneading manipulation training. It can advance the efficiency in studying the forearm Rou-Kneading manipulation and promote the quality of the manipulation.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910124

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the value of translabial ultrasound (TLUS) in female periurethral benign solid lesions (PBSL).Methods:Twenty-one female patients (21 lesions) with PBSL identified pathologically within the process of cystoscope or surgery from June 2017 to December 2020 were enrolled. All of them underwent urethral examination (UE) and TLUS. The detection rates of the lesions of UE and TLUS were compared, and the ultrasonic diagnostic accuracy and ultrasonic manifestations were analyzed.Results:Sixteen of the 21 patients showed lower urinary tract symptoms (76.19%). Among the 21 lesions, the detection rates of UE and TLUS were 52.38% (11/21) and 85.71% (18/21), respectively, the difference was statistically significant ( P=0.019). The length of 18 lesions detected by TLUS was (1.79±1.04)cm, and 13 lesions (72.22%) were shorter than 3 cm. Among 18 cases, urethral caruncle (13 cases) was the most common benign periurethral mass, the main ultrasonic manifestations of urethral caruncle showed hyperecho lesions in the middle and distal urethra, and the blood flow was mostly in a branch-like distribution. At the same time, there were 5 cases of urethral myoma and other solid lesions, the main ultrasonic manifestations of urethral myoma showed clear boundary, low echo and peripheral short strip blood flow. Using pathological results as the gold standard, the accuracy of ultrasonic diagnosis was 88.89% (16/18). Conclusions:TLUS is able to improve the detection rate of periurethral benign solid lesions, and the diagnostic concordant rate is acceptable.TLUS can provide more diagnostic and therapeutic information.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906492

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the composition characteristics of rhizosphere soil under <italic>Rehmannia glutinosa-Zea mays</italic> intercropping model,and screen out special signal substances in rhizosphere soil of <italic>R. glutinosa</italic> under intercropping <italic>Z. mays</italic>, so as to provide the basis for the study of allelopathic substances in continuous cropping obstacle of <italic>R. glutinosa</italic>. Method:In this experiment,rhizosphere soils of <italic>R. glutinosa</italic> under <italic>Z. mays </italic>intercropping and <italic>R. glutinosa </italic>single cropping models in July,August,September and October were taken as the research objects, and the volatile organic compounds in ethyl acetate fraction were analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Principal component analysis (PCA), hierachical cluster analysis (HCA) and orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA) analysis were performed on the data by SIMCA 14.1 to screen out potential differences in volatile organic compounds between the two models. Result:The types of volatile organic compounds in intercropping and single cropping models were mainly hydrocarbons, alcohols, esters, ketones, amides, acids and other substances. Specifically, the average relative contents of hydrocarbons,esters and amides in intercropping model were 58.46%,32.15% and 5.42% respectively,while the relative contents of hydrocarbons,esters and amides in single cropping model were 37.27%,36.11% and 21.13%. The results of PCA and HCA showed that the characteristics of volatile organic compounds in the ethyl acetate fraction of rhizosphere soil under intercropping and single cropping models could be clearly divided into two categories,the screening results of potential differential components based on OPLS-DA analysis indicated that various components, such as dibutyl phthalate,(<italic>Z</italic>)-9-oleamide,<italic>β</italic>-caryophyllene,dioctyl iso-phthalate, phthalate (2-propylamyl) diester, <italic>n</italic>-hexadecane,octodecane, <italic>n</italic>-heneicosane, were screened from rhizosphere soil under the two models. Conclusion:The <italic>R. glutinosa-Z. mays</italic> intercropping model has certain effects on the volatile organic compounds in the rhizosphere soil of <italic>R. glutinosa</italic>,and the effect of the selected components on the growth and quality characteristics of <italic>R. glutinosa</italic> still need to be further studied.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905912

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the mechanism and compatibility characteristics of Baimai ointment (BMO) in the treatment of white vein disease from the network perspective based on system theory, so as to provide biological basis for its clinical application. Method:The chemical components and the corresponding candidate target spectra of BMO were obtained from The Encyclopedia of Traditional Chinese Medicine (ETCM) and Integrative Pharmacology-based Research Platform of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCMIP). According to the clinicopathological characteristics of white vein disease, focusing on four diseases/symptoms including neuropathic pain, inflammatory pain, chronic pain and lumbar disc herniation root neuralgia, the gene sets related to white vein disease were collected in Human Phenotype Ontology (HPO), DisGeNET and other databases, then the interaction network of the targets of active components in BMO-gene sets related to white vein disease was constructed. On this basis, the hub network nodes were selected and enriched for exploring the mechanism of four functional groups of BMO in the treatment of white vein disease such as Huoxue Tongluo group (Curcumae Longae Rhizoma, Moschus, Tronae), Xingqi Zhitong group (Myristicae Semen, Nardostachyos Radix et Rhizoma, Acori Calami Rhizoma), Wenjing Sanhan Tongluo group (Zingiberis Rhizoma, Zanthoxyli Pericarpium, Caraway) and Jianpi Wenshen Qianggu group (Actinolite, Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma). Result:The enriched pathways of the four functional groups in BMO were mainly distributed in three modules of nervous system function, inflammation-immune system regulation and body energy metabolism, and each module was connected by common target genes especially had its own focus. Among them, the regulation of nervous system function in Huoxue Tongluo group and Xingqi Zhitong group could be summarized as Huoxue Buqi and Xingshen Kaiqiao. Xingqi Zhitong group and Jianpi Wenshen Qianggu group were mainly used to promote the operation of Qi, promote blood metaplasia, enhance immunity and maintain the regulation of inflammation-immune system. Jianpi Wenshen Qianggu group and Wenjing Sanhan Tongluo group mainly regulated body energy metabolism by invigorating the spleen and supplementing Qi as well as warm-heat medicine. The whole formula focused on the multi-dimensional and multi-level mechanism of BMO in the intervention of white vein disease. Each functional group emphasized its respective characteristics in nervous system function, inflammation-immune regulation, and body energy metabolism. Two types of networks analysis models complemented and verified each other. Conclusion:BMO plays a role in the treatment of white vein disease mainly by regulating the function of nervous system, maintaining the balance of inflammation-immune system and interfering with energy metabolism. The relevant research results can provide reference for the in-depth exploration of the mechanism of BMO, and help to guide the clinical rational use of this preparation.

16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922123

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The side effects of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) and myelosuppression reduce the cancer patients' adherence to chemotherapy. Many Chinese patients choose Chinese medicine (CM) during chemotherapy to reduce side effects; however, the evidence is lacking. The efficacy of a CM herbal treatment protocol, Jianpi Bushen Sequential Formula (, JBSF) will be evaluated on chemotherapy completion rate among patients with colon cancer.@*METHODS@#A multi-center double-blind randomized controlled trial (RCT) will be conducted on 400 patients with colon cancer who will receive 8 cycles of adjuvant chemotherapy with oxaliplatin and capecitabine (CAPEOX). Patients will be randomized 1:1 to receive the JBSF or placebo formula. The primary outcome is the overall chemotherapy completion rate. The secondary outcomes include individual chemotherapy completion rate, 4-cycle completion rate of chemotherapy, time to treatment failure, relative dose intensity and treatment toxicity. Follow-up visits will be scheduled before every and after last chemotherapy.@*DISCUSSION@#This study will provide evidence on whether JBSF can improve the chemotherapy completion rate and reduce side effects among patients with colon cancer. (Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov, No. NCT03716518).


Subject(s)
Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Colonic Neoplasms/drug therapy , Double-Blind Method , Humans , Multicenter Studies as Topic , Nausea , Quality of Life , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Treatment Outcome , Vomiting
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921694

ABSTRACT

Phenylpropanoids are one of the major chemical constituents in Zanthoxylum species. They include simple phenylpropanoids, coumarins, and lignans and possess anti-tumor, anti-inflammatory, anti-platelet aggregation, anti-bacterial, anti-viral, insecticidal, and antifeedant activities. This review summarizes the chemical constituents and pharmacological activities from the Zanthoxylum plants in hopes of providing reference for the research and application of phenylpropanoids from this genus.


Subject(s)
Anti-Inflammatory Agents/pharmacology , Coumarins/pharmacology , Lignans , Plant Extracts , Zanthoxylum
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888135

ABSTRACT

The present study analyzed the effects of planting density on the development, quality, and gene transcription characte-ristics of Rehmannia glutinosa using 85-5 and J9 as materials with three planting densities of 5 000, 25 000, and 50 000 plants/Mu(1 Mu≈667 m~2). The agronomic characteristics of leaves and tuberous roots, the content of catalpol and acteoside, and the changes of gene expression were determined. The results showed that the leaf size, the diameter of tuberous root, leaf biomass, tuberous root number, and tuberous root biomass per plant at low density were significantly higher than those of medium and high densities. The content of catalpol and acteoside in leaves was higher at high density. The content of catalpol in tuberous roots was higher at low density, and the change trend was similar to that in leaves, while the content of acteoside in tuberous roots was higher at high density. Transcriptome analysis found that about 1/2 of the expansin genes could change regularly in response to density treatment, which was rela-ted to the development of tuberous roots. The change trend of the gene expression of multiple catalytic enzymes involved in the biosynthesis of catalpol and acteoside was consistent with that of their content, which was presumedly involved in the accumulation and regulation of density-responsive medicinal components. Based on the analysis of the development, medicinal components, and gene expression characteristics of R. glutinosa at different densities, this study is expected to provide an important basis for regulating the quality and yield of medicinal materials of R. glutinosa by managing the planting density.


Subject(s)
Gene Expression Profiling , Plant Leaves/genetics , Plant Roots/genetics , Rehmannia/genetics , Transcription, Genetic
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885593

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of ankle stretching on ankle biomechanics, balance, walking ability and ability in the activities of daily living among stroke survivors.Methods:Eighteen hemiplegic stroke survivors were randomly divided into an experimental group ( n=9) and a control group ( n=9). In addition to routine medication and rehabilitation training, the experimental group received 20 minutes of ankle joint stretching daily while the control group underwent an additional twenty minutes of routine rehabilitation training. Before and after the treatment, both groups′ ankle joint stiffness (K), muscle strength, active range of motion (AROM) and passive range of motion (PROM) were evaluated. They were also assessed using the modified Ashworth scale (MAS), the Fugl-Meyer lower extremity assessment (FMA-LE), the Berg balance scale (BBS), the 6-minute walking test (6MWT) and the modified Barthel Index (MBI). Results:After two weeks of treatment significant improvement was observed in the AROM and muscle strength of both groups in dorsiflexion and plantarflexion. The average BBS and FMA-LE scores of both groups had also improved significantly. Significant improvement in the average PROM of plantarflexion and the K of dorsiflexion, as well as in average MBI score was observed only in the treatment group. After two weeks the treatment group′s average muscle strength in plantarflexion and dorsiflexion was significantly better than the control group′s.Conclusions:Stretching can reduce ankle stiffness, improve the range of motion, muscle strength, and ability of in the activities of daily living after a stroke.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885054

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the relationship between intraoperative concentration of C-X-C motif chemokine 13 (CXCL13) in peripheral blood and postoperative delirium (POD) in elderly patients under general anesthesia.Methods:Ninety-three patients of both sexes, aged 65-85 yr, of American Society of Anesthesiologists physical statusⅠor Ⅱ, scheduled for elective hip replacement under general anesthesia, were selected.Peripheral venous blood samples were collected to determine the concentrations of CXCL13 and interleukin-6 (IL-6) before anesthesia and during surgery (30 min after skin incision). The Confusion Assessment Method Scale in Chinese was used to detect the development of POD every day within 7 days after surgery in 2 groups.The patients were divided into POD group and non-POD group.Logistic regression analysis was used to identify the risk factors for POD.Results:Seventeen patients developed POD (19%). There was significant difference in ages, preoperative mini-mental state examination (MMSE) scores before surgery, hospital stay time and intraoperative concentrations of CXCL13 and IL-6 in peripheral blood between group non-POD and group POD ( P<0.05). The results of logistic regression analysis showed that preoperative MMSE scores, intraoperative concentrations of CXCL13 and IL-6 in peripheral blood and advanced ages were independent risk factors for the development of POD ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Preoperative MMES scores, intraoperative concentrations of CXCL13 and IL-6 in peripheral blood and advanced ages are independent risk factors for the development of POD.

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