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1.
JOURNAL OF RARE DISEASES ; (4): 50-56, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006917

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveThis study aimed at conducting retrospective analysis of the clinical symptoms and genetic mutations in 20 children with Gitelman syndrome treated at the Affiliated Children′s Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from August 2015 to November 2022 and also explored the molecular mechanism of the pathogenic high-frequency mutation D486N in the Chinese population.MethodsWe collected the clinical manifestations, growth and development status, laboratory examination results, and SLC12A3 gene variations of the patients. We distinguished the wild-type and mutant SLC12A3 genes overexpressed in human embryonic kidney 293T cells (HEK293T). We used protein immunoblotting to detect the expression level of NCC, and used immunofluorescence techniques to examine the subcellular localization of NCC. In addition, we investigated the impact of the high-frequency SLC12A3 gene mutation D486N on NCC protein expression and localization.ResultsIn the 20 patients with Gitelman syndrome, all of them had hypokalemia. We indemnified twenty-six SLC12A3 gene mutations, 13 of which are missense mutation, 1 of which synonymous mutation, 1 nonsense mutation, 4 frameshift mutation, and 7 splicing site mutation. Among them, four mutations (p.T235K, c.1096-1G > A, p.A464A, and c.2660+1_2660+2insT) were novel mutations.ConclusionsWe found the preliminary evidence that the high-frequency mutation D486N in the Chinese population affected the expression of total and membrane-bound NCC protein and influenced the membrane localization of NCC protein. The findings of this study provides experimental evidence for genetic counseling, diagnosis, and treatment of Gitelman syndrome.

2.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 408-412, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984637

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of intravenous iron supplementation in patients with recurrent iron deficiency anemia (IDA) . Methods: This retrospective analysis of 90 patients with recurrent IDA from May 2012 to December 2021 was conducted, comparing the efficacy and safety of the intravenous iron therapy group and the oral iron therapy group. Results: Among the 90 patients with recurrent IDA, 20 were males and 70 were females, with a median age of 40 (range: 14-85) years. A total of 60 patients received intravenous iron supplementation and 30 received oral iron supplementation. The hematologic response rates in the intravenous iron group were significantly higher than those in the oral iron group at 4 and 8 weeks after treatment [80.0% (48/60) vs 3.3% (1/30) and 96.7% (58/60) vs 46.7% (14/30), all P<0.001, respectively]. The median increase in hemoglobin levels was also significantly higher in the intravenous iron group than in the oral iron group [38 (4, 66) g/L vs 7 (1, 22) g/L at week 4 and 44.5 (18, 80) g/L vs 19 (3, 53) g/L at week 8, all P<0.001]. The intravenous iron group had a significantly higher proportion of patients who achieved normal hemoglobin levels than the oral iron group (55.0% vs 0 and 90% vs 43.3%, all P<0.001, respectively). Iron metabolism indicators were tested before and after 8 weeks of treatment in 26 and 7 patients in the intravenous and oral iron groups, respectively. The median increase in serum ferritin (SF) levels in the intravenous iron group 8 weeks after treatment was 113.7 (49.7, 413.5) μg/L, and 54% (14/26) of these patients had SF levels of ≥100 μg/L, which was significantly higher than the median increase in SF levels in the oral iron group [14.0 (5.8, 84.2) μg/L, t=4.760, P<0.001] and the proportion of patients with SF levels of ≥100 μg/L (P=0.013). The incidence of adverse reactions was 3.3% (2/60) in the intravenous iron group, which was significantly lower than that in the oral iron group [20.0% (6/30), P=0.015]. Conclusion: Intravenous iron supplementation is more effective for hematologic response, faster hemoglobin increase, and higher iron storage replenishment rates compared with oral iron supplementation in patients with recurrent IDA, and it is well tolerated by patients.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adolescent , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Anemia, Iron-Deficiency/epidemiology , Sucrose/therapeutic use , Ferric Compounds/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies , Iron/therapeutic use , Hemoglobins/therapeutic use
3.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 1246-1252, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009876

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the level of neuropsychological development in large for gestational age (LGA) infants at the age of 12 months.@*METHODS@#The infants, aged 12 to <13 months, who attended the Outpatient Service of Child Care in the First Affiliated Hospital of Shandong First Medical University from December 2021 to June 2023, were enrolled as subjects. According to the gestational age and birth weight, they were divided into preterm appropriate for gestational age (AGA) group, preterm LGA group, early term AGA group, early term LGA group, full-term AGA group, and full-term LGA group. A modified Poisson regression analysis was used to investigate the association between LGA and neuropsychological development outcome at 12 months of age.@*RESULTS@#After adjustment for confounding factors, compared with the full-term AGA group at the age of 12 months, the full-term LGA group had a significant increase in the risk of language deficit (RR=1.364, 95%CI: 1.063-1.750), the early term LGA group had significant increases in the risk of abnormal gross motor, fine motor, language, and the preterm LGA group had significant increases in the risk of abnormal language, social behavior, and total developmental quotient (P<0.05); also, the early term AGA group had higher risks of developmental delay across all five attributes and in total developmental quotient at the age of 12 months (P<0.05); except for the language attribute, the preterm AGA group had higher risks of developmental delay in the other 4 attributes (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The neuropsychological development of LGA infants with different gestational ages lags behind that of full-term AGA infants at 12 months of age, and follow-up and early intervention of such infants should be taken seriously in clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child , Humans , Birth Weight , Infant, Large for Gestational Age , Infant, Small for Gestational Age , Gestational Age , Child Health
4.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 1118-1123, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009857

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the clinical characteristics, pathological features, treatment regimen, and prognosis of children with lupus nephritis (LN) and thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA), as well as the treatment outcome of these children and the clinical and pathological differences between LN children with TMA and those without TMA.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was conducted on 12 children with LN and TMA (TMA group) who were admitted to the Department of Nephrology, Children's Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, from December 2010 to December 2021. Twenty-four LN children without TMA who underwent renal biopsy during the same period were included as the non-TMA group. The two groups were compared in terms of clinical manifestations, laboratory examination results, and pathological results.@*RESULTS@#Among the 12 children with TMA, 8 (67%) had hypertension and 3 (25%) progressed to stage 5 chronic kidney disease. Compared with the non-TMA group, the TMA group had more severe tubulointerstitial damage, a higher Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Disease Activity Index (SLEDAI) score at onset, and higher cholesterol levels (P<0.05). There were no significant differences between the two groups in the percentage of crescent bodies and the levels of hemoglobin and platelets (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#There is a higher proportion of individuals with hypertension among the children with LN and TMA, as well as more severe tubulointerstitial damage. These children have a higher SLEDAI score and a higher cholesterol level.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Lupus Nephritis/complications , Kidney/pathology , Retrospective Studies , Thrombotic Microangiopathies/therapy , Prognosis , Hypertension/complications , Cholesterol , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic
5.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 321-325, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995557

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the learning curve of percutaneous patent foramen ovale (PFO) occlusion guided solely by transthoracic echocardiography (TTE), as well as the success rate and safety of the learning curve.Methods:To retrospectively analyze these patients with indications for PFO occlusion admitted in our department from April 2021 to April 2022, and obtained 100 samples the author's initial cases guided solely by TTE, including 25 men and 75 women, with a mean age of (48.22±10.44) years old.Analyze preoperative baseline data: gender, age, height, weight, body mass index, the tunnel length and size of the PFO measured by transesophageal echocardiography, the grade of contrast-transcranial doppler test, combined atrial septal aneurysm, etc.Operation time, success rate, and complications were analyzed in all patients.Results:With the accumulation of cases, the operation time gradually shortened, accumulated to about 50 cases, the operation time has significantly shortened ( P<0.05), and the learning curve was leveled off after 50 cases ( P<0.05), there was statistical difference.The comparison of the success rate and complication of cases within the learning curve and those after completing the learning curve was no statistical significance( P>0.05). Conclusion:The learning curve of percutaneousc closure of patent foramen ovale guided solely by TTE is long, requiring about 50 cases to complete the learning curve. The success rate and safety of the learning curve are high. This procedure is worth popularizing.

6.
Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 555-558, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995324

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the prevalence of Mycoplasma pneumoniae ( Mp) in children undergoing physical examination. Methods:This study randomly enrolled 1 303 children at the age of 6-12 years who underwent physical examination in 2023. Their oral and pharyngeal swabs as well as venous blood samples were collected. The prevalence of Mp in these subjects was detected using isolation and culturing, nucleic acid detection and serological test. Chi-square test was used for statistical analysis. Results:Among the 1 303 children, the detection rate of Mp was 4.1% (53/1 303) by culturing, 7.3% (95/1 303) by nucleic acid detection and 13.6% (177/1 303) by serological test. Statistical analysis showed that there were significant differences in the the detection rates of Mp among children undergoing physical examination between the three methods ( P<0.05). Conclusions:The detection rate of Mp in children undergoing physical examination in 2023 was about 4.1%. Isolation and culturing was more accurate than nucleic acid detection and serological test in the detection of Mp in healthy population as the latter two methods would overestimate the rate.

7.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 304-309, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992297

ABSTRACT

Primary lung cancer is a malignant tumor with the highest incidence and mortality in China, and lung rehabilitation for lung cancer has become a research hotspot. Many literature and studies have confirmed the feasibility and safety of pulmonary rehabilitation for lung cancer, but the mechanism of pulmonary rehabilitation for lung cancer is not completely clear. This article will discuss the mechanism of pulmonary rehabilitation for lung cancer, the specific content of pulmonary rehabilitation and remote home pulmonary rehabilitation.

8.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 580-586, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990222

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the applications value of hospital elderly life program in cardiac surgery patients in intensive care unit, and provide reference for improving the prognosis of patients.Methods:This was a prospective study. A total of 84 cardiac surgery patients in intensive care unit from April 2020 to February 2022 in the People′s Hospital of Leshan by convenient sampling method, they were enrolled and divided into the observation group and the control group according to the admission time, each group was 42 cases. Routine nursing care was carried out in both groups, the control group implemented delirium and debility prevention nursing, the observation group adopted hospital elderly life program. The incidence of ICU-acquired delirium and weakness, mechanical ventilation time, duration of ICU stay, the total length of stay and intensive care experience were assessed between the two groups.Results:The 42 cases were included in the final control group and 39 cases in the observation group. The incidence of ICU-acquired delirium and weakness were 17.95% (7/39) and 7.69% (3/39) in the observation group, lower than in the control group 38.10%(16/42) and 23.81%(10/42), the differences were statistically significant ( χ2 = 4.04, 3.90, both P<0.05); the duration of ICU delirium were (1.71 ± 0.95) d in the observation group, shorter than in the control group (2.81 ± 1.05) d, the difference was statistically significant ( t = 2.38, P<0.05); the mechanical ventilation time, duration of ICU stay, the total length of stay, the total score of intensive care experience in hospital in the observation group were (193.54 ± 21.67) h, (9.49 ± 2.11) d, (18.10 ± 3.12) d, (2.72 ± 0.26) points, lower than those in the control group (214.50 ± 27.25) h, (10.90 ± 1.97) d, (20.59 ± 4.07) d, (3.15 ± 0.35) points, the differences were statistically significant ( t values were 3.11-6.35, all P<0.05). Conclusions:Hospital elderly life program can decrease the incidence of ICU-acquired delirium and weakness of cardiac surgery patients in intensive care unit, shorten mechanical ventilation time and hospitalization time, alleviate discomfort in the intensive care experience.

9.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 338-346, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989624

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the medication law and core TCM prescriptions of Jia Yuejin in the treatment of coronary heart disease (CHD) complicated with depressive disorder (DD) by analyzing target-based network and mining clinical data.Methods:The targets of CHD complicated with DD were obtained by GeneCards, OMIM, TTD and other databases, and then the protein-protein interaction network of the two disease targets was constructed and then screened out the core targets. The Metascape platform was used to perform GO and KEGG pathway enrichment analysis on the intersection targets respectively to analyze the mechanism of action of CHD complicated with DD. Then TCMSP was used to query the active components acting on the targets and the Chinese materia medica containing these active components, and the data were imported into Cytoscape 3.9.0 to construct the core target-active component-Chinese materia medica network for network topology analysis. The outpatient clinical data of Jia Yuejin from January 1, 2015 to January 1, 2021 were collected, and data mining was conducted by using the Ancient and Modern Medical Case Cloud Platform (V2.3.5) to obtain his commonly used prescriptions. The results were fitted with the core TCM prescriptions obtained by target network analysis, and the drugs in the core prescriptions were analyzed.Results:Totally 1 501 intersection targets were obtained by protein interaction network analysis of CHD complicated with DD, which could be divided into 4 core target clusters, including inflammation cause, subclass tumor cause, subclass lipid metabolism factor, and fibrosis factor; a total of 480 active components were obtained by TCMSP, which belonged to 181 types of Chinese materia medica, including 8 core components: quercetin, kaempferol, luteolin, carotene, beta-carotene, acacetin, formononetin and ellagic acid. GO enrichment analysis yielded 61 results, mainly including positive regulation of protein phosphorylation, signal receptor agonist activity, side of membrane , etc.; KEGG pathway enrichment analysis yielded a total of 20 results, mainly including cancer pathways, lipid and atherosclerosis, JAK-STAT signaling pathway, etc. Clinical data mining included 120 cases and 148 prescriptions, including 135 types of Chinese materia medica; the properties were mainly mild, warm, slightly cold and cold; the tastes were mainly sweet, bitter and light, and the medicine mainly belongs to the lung, spleen, liver, heart, stomach, kidney and other meridians; drug association analysis, cluster analysis and complex network analysis were used to synthesize common prescriptions. The core TCM prescriptions obtained from common prescription and target network analysis were fitted: Pinelliae Rhizoma, Glycyrrhizae Radixet Rhizoma, Bupleuri Radix, Cyperi Rhizoma, Salviea Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, Corydalis Rhizoma, Codonopsis Radix, Astragali Radix, Acori Tatarinowii Rhizoma. Conclusion:The medication law of Jia Yuejin in the treatment of CHD complicated with DD is in accordance with core TCM prescriptions. This study can provide guidance for clinical treatment and further research of CHD complicated with DD.

10.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2010-2019, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981334

ABSTRACT

Chronic heart failure(CHF) has become a worldwide public health problem due to its high morbidity and mortality, which seriously endangers people's lifespan and quality of life. In recent years, the treatment strategy of CHF has shifted its emphasis on short-term improvement and transformation of hemodynamics to long-term repair as well as improvement of the biological properties of heart failure. At present, with the continuous deepening of medical research, it has been found that histone acetylation is closely related to the occurrence and development of CHF. Traditional Chinese medicine, via regulating histone acetylation, delays ventricular remodeling, improves energy metabolism, inhibits fibrosis and cardiomyocyte hypertrophy, and intervenes in the development process of heart failure, thus reducing the mortality and the readmission rate and ultimately improving long-term prognosis. Therefore, this study reviewed the mechanism of histone acetylation in the treatment of heart failure as well as its prevention and treatment with traditional Chinese medicine, to provide reference for clinical treatment of CHF.


Subject(s)
Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Histones/therapeutic use , Acetylation , Quality of Life , Heart Failure/prevention & control
11.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 580-584, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958403

ABSTRACT

A patient with 20-segments multi-planar amputation of the 2nd-5th fingers of the right hand was treated in December 2020 in the Department of Hand and Microsurgery, Affiliated Taihe Hospital of Hubei Universtiy of Medicine. The groupings was performed with microscopic anastomosis and splicing, and the replantation was finally completed. Followed-up at 1 year after surgery, the 17 segments of 20 severed finger segments finally survived. According to the Chinese Medical Association's Hand Surgery Branch's Functional Evaluation Criteria for Replantation of Amputated Fingers, the patient's finger function rating was 57 points and the function was poor at 1-year follow-up. The range of motion of the metacarpophalangeal joint was significantly improved compared with half a year after the operation. The simple grasping, pinching and fingering can be completed. The finger sensation was improved compared with half a year after the operation, but the finger body of right hand atrophied progressively, the interphalangeal joint was stiff, wirheut flexion nor extension range of motion. The function of the replanted finger was limited.

12.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 664-671, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958066

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical manifestations, pathological characteristics, treatment and prognosis of anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitis (AAV) in 13 children.Methods:The clinical and pathological data of 13 cases of AAV in children′s Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from June 2000 to December 2021 were retrospectively analyzed.Results:Among the 13 cases, 12 cases were diagnosed with microscopic polyangiitis (MPA) and 1 case was granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA), including 10 females and 3 males. The onset age ranged from 3 years and 11 months to 13 years and 10 months. The most frequently involved organ was the kidney (12 cases, 92.3%), followed by respiratory system (7 cases, 53.8%), skin (5 cases, 38.5%), digestive system (4 cases, 30.8%), nervous system (4 cases, 30.8%) and cardiovascular system (3 cases, 23.1%). There were 10 cases with orthotic anemia, 7 cases with positive antinuclear antibody, and 3 cases with mildly decreased complement C3. Among the 12 children with renal impairment, 9 cases were accompanied by abnormal renal function at the beginning of the disease. Renal biopsy was classified according to the Berden as follows: sclerotic in 5 cases, crescentic 3 cases, focal in 2 cases and mixed in 2 cases. All children were treated with glucocorticoid combined with immunosuppressant. During the follow-up time from 8 months to 128 months, 4 cases acquired complete remission, 8 cases achieved partial remission and 1 case recurred after complete remission, and 7 cases progressed to chronic kidney disease stage 5. Three children with complete remission underwent repeated renal biopsy, including 2 cases of mixed type and 1 case of crescent type initially, and all changed to focal type.Conclusions:AAV in children occurs mainly in school-age female, and most of AAV in children is MPA. The clinical manifestations are various. Most of them have renal damage and anemia, and lung damage is also common. Patients with skin purpura onset may be misdiagnosed as Henoch-Schonlein purpura, and AAV with ANA positive or complement reduction should exclude systemic lupus erythematosus. Once the renal function is abnormal in AAV, especially estimated glomerular filtration rate<60 ml·min -1·(1.73 m 2) -1 and the pathological classification is sclerotic type or crescent type, it is difficult to reverse even after active treatment. Early diagnosis and treatment are very important for AAV.

13.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 1243-1248, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954547

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish and apply the electronic further modified early warning score system (e-fMEWS), and explore its role in the condition evaluation and early warning of inpatients in non-critical units, so as to provide clinical nurses with an early and dynamic method to identify the potential deterioration risk of patients' condition.Methods:A retrospective analysis of 262 805 inpatients in multiple non-critical units of the Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine from January to December 2018 and January to December 2020 was performed. The patients who were hospitalized from January to December 2018 were used as the control group, and the responsible nurse used the traditional single evaluation index to start the emergency response system; the patients from January to December 2020 were used as the research group, and the emergency response system was started using e-fMEWS. The inclusion criteria were as follows: (1) hospitalization time ≥24 h; (2) patient ≥14 years old. Exclusion criteria were as follows: (1) patients had cardiopulmonary resuscitation before admission; (2) patients discontinued treatment or were transferred to another hospital during treatment; (3) patients received palliative care; (4) patients were admitted to non-critical wards in grade I of emergency pre-examination and triage. The activation of the rapid response team (RRT), the activation of the cardiorespiratory arrest team, the incidence of cardiac and respiratory arrest, the number of cases of invasive mechanical ventilation, the number of cases admitted to the intensive care unit, the length of hospital stay and the prognosis were compared. Statistical software SPSS 22.0 was used for data analysis.Results:Under the e-fMEWS assessment, compared with the control group, the rate of initiation of the research group decreased by 0.03%. For patients who initiated RRT, the average length of hospital stay was shortened, and the number of in-hospital respiratory cardiac arrest decreased (12.2% vs. 13.2%) and the number of cases transferred to the intensive care unit was less (42.8% vs. 50.6%), the rate of improvement and recovary increased (58.4% vs. 56.1%).Conclusions:The application of e-fMEWS can help clinical nurses to quickly and accurately identify the potential risk of deterioration of the patient's condition. Through early identification of potentially critically ill patients in non-critical units, early intervention and timely treatment can avoid adverse events and improve the patient prognosis.

14.
Chinese Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation ; (12): 344-347, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933983

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the incidence of anxiety and depression after radiotherapy for nasopharyngeal carcinoma among persons suffering from dysphagia, and to analyze the related factors.Methods:A total of 143 persons with dysphagia after radiotherapy for nasopharyngeal carcinoma were studied. They completed a general information questionnaire and were evaluated using the hospital anxiety and depression scale.Results:Anxiety was detected in 52 of the subjects (36.3%) and depression in 61 (42.7%). Multivariate regression analysis showed that the average total anxiety score was significantly related to whether the respondent used a gastric tube and whether they lived in a religious household. The average total depression score was related to gastric tube use and to the respondent′s district of residence.Conclusion:Persons with dysphagia after radiotherapy for nasopharyngeal carcinoma often suffer anxiety and depression. The use of a gastric tube increases the risk. The depression of rural residents and those with religious beliefs tends to be milder.

15.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 125-132, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932429

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression levels and clinical significance of glioma-associated oncogene homolog 1 (GLI1) and sonic hedgehog signaling molecule (Shh) in the malignant transformation of ovarian endometriosis (EM).Methods:The expressions of GLI1 and Shh were detected by real-time reverse transcription (RT)-polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and EnVision method in 50 cases of ovarian EM tissues, 35 cases of atypical endometriosis (aEM) and 50 cases of endometriosis-associated ovarian cancer (EAOC). The expression differences of two molecular markers in the malignant transformation of ovarian EM were compared, and the relationships between two molecular markers and the clinicopathological features and prognosis of EAOC were analyzed.Results:(1) RT-PCR showed that the expression levels of GLI1 mRNA in EM, aEM and EAOC group were 1.77±0.40, 3.54±0.44, and 7.80±0.24, respectively. The expression levels of Shh mRNA were 0.95±0.21, 3.14±0.35, and 5.41±0.31, respectively. GLI1 and Shh mRNA in EAOC group were significantly higher than those in EM and aEM group (all P<0.01), and there were statistically significant differences between EM and aEM group (all P<0.01). The percentages of GLI1 in ovarian EM, aEM and EAOC were 32% (16/50), 57% (20/35), and 66% (33/50), respectively, meanwhile, the positive expression rates of Shh were 20% (10/50), 49% (17/35), and 54% (27/50), respectively (all P<0.01). GLI1 mRNA expression was positively correlated with Shh mRNA expression in EAOC tissues ( r=0.721, P<0.01). The expressions of GLI1 protein were proportionated to Shh protein in EAOC tissues ( r=0.608, P=0.001). (2) The expression of GLI1 was significantly related to the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage, cancer antigen 125 (CA 125) levels, lymph node metastasis, and Platinum resistance in EAOC patients (all P<0.05). The expression of Shh were related to FIGO stage and lymph node metastasis in EAOC patients (all P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that GLI1 expression was an independent risk factor for poor prognosis in EAOC patients ( P<0.05). Kaplan-meier survival analysis showed that the overall survival rate of EAOC patients with high GLI1 expression and low GLI1 expression was 12.1% and 35.3%, respectively, with statistical significance ( χ2=10.73, P<0.01). The overall survival rate of EAOC patients with high and low expression of Shh protein was 11.1% and 30.4%, in which there was statistically significant difference ( χ2=3.96, P=0.047). Conclusion:GLI1 and Shh are highly associated with the malignant transformation of ovarian EM, which may play a role in promoting malignant degeneration of ovarian EM, and the high expression of GLI1 and Shh indicates a poor prognosis in EAOC patients.

16.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 87-91, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929739

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy and safety of ixazomib combined with lenalidomide and dexamethasone (IRd) regimen in treatment of multiple myeloma (MM) patients in the real world practice.Methods:The clinical data of 24 MM patients treated with IRd regimen from January 2019 to January 2021 in the Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology were retrospectively analyzed, and their efficacy and adverse reactions were analyzed. Among the 24 patients, 5 patients were relapsed and refractory (relapsed/refractory group), and 19 newly treated patients (conversion group) who responded to bortezomib induction therapy but converted to IRd regimen due to adverse reactions or other reasons.Results:The 24 patients were treated for a median of 4 cycles (2-7 cycles), with 8 cases of complete remission (CR), 6 cases of very good partial remission (VGPR), 8 cases of partial remission (PR), 1 case of disease progression (PD), 1 case of minimal response (MR), and the overall response rate (ORR) was 91.7% (22/24); the median progression-free survival (PFS) time was 15 months (95% CI 6.6-23.4 months); 6 CR patients were negative for minimal residual disease (MRD). The common adverse reactions were hematological adverse reactions, peripheral neuropathy, fatigue, gastrointestinal reactions, and infections. The incidence rate of grade 3-4 adverse reactions was 25.0% (6/24). In the relapsed/refractory group, the best efficacy was VGPR in 1 case, PR in 3 cases, and MR in 1 case, all patients withdrew from the IRd regimen therapy due to PD after transient remission or poor effect; in the conversion group, the best efficacy was CR in 8 cases, VGPR in 5 cases, PR in 5 cases, and PD in 1 case, 57.9% (11/19) patients maintained their original best response, and 36.8% (7/19) patients improved their best response to CR; the difference in median PFS time between the two groups was statistically significant (7 months vs. not reached, P = 0.018). Conclusions:The IRd regimen is safe and effective for MM patients, especially for the conversion patients after effective bortezomib induction therapy. Although patients with relapsed/refractory MM who have previously used multi-line therapy respond to IRd regimen, the duration of remission is limited.

17.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 129-133, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935656

ABSTRACT

Objective: To clarify the molecular basis of patients with Bartter syndrome type I and explore the therapeutic effect of trafficking-defective variations by chemical chaperone 4-Phenylbutyric acid(4-PBA). Methods: The clinical characteristics, laboratory findings and genetic data of 3 patients diagnosed with Bartter syndrome type I who were admitted to Department of Nephrology, Children's Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from 2017 to 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. Wild type and variant SLC12A1 gene constructs were transiently overexpressed in HEK293 cells. Western blotting was used to detect the expression levels of Na+-K+-2Cl-cotransporter(NKCC2) protein. Immunofluorescent staining was applied to investigate the subcellular localization of NKCC2 protein. In addition, the effect of the chemical chaperone 4-PBA on the expression and localization of the SLC12A1 gene variants was investigated. Unpaired t test was used for statistical analysis of 4-PBA treatment. Results: All the 3 patients (2 males and 1 female), aged 3.0, 4.0 and 1.2 years, respectively. All patients had antenatal onset with polyhydramnios and were born prematurely. After birth, all patients presented with hypochlorine alkalosis accompanied by hypokalemia and hyponatremia. Sequencing analysis revealed that the 3 patients were homozygotes or compound heterozygotes for variants in the SLC12A1 gene. In HEK293 cells, the surface expression of NKCC2 in 3 variants (p.L463S, p.L479V, p.507-510del) are all lower than in wild type (0.718±0.039, 0.287±0.081, 0.025±0.156 vs. 1.001±0.028, t=5.92, 8.35, 30.49, all P<0.01). Moreover, the total protein expression of p.L479V and p.507-510del group were all lower than that in wild type group (0.630±0.032, 0.043±0.003 vs. 1.000±0.111, t=3.21, 8.65, all P<0.05). 4-PBA treatment increased the mature protein expression level of the p.L463S and p. L479V group in 4-PBA treatment group are all higher than the untreated group (0.459±0.018 vs. 1.123±0.024, 0.053±0.012 vs. 1.256±0.037, t=2.75, 18.35, all P<0.05). Cytoplasmic retention of the L479V and 507-510del variants were observed by immunofluorescent staining. 4-PBA treatment could rescue a number of NKCC2 L479V variants to the membrane. Conclusions: The 3 SLC12A1 variants cause expression or subcellular localization defects of the protein. The findings that plasma membrane expression and activity can be rescued by 4PBA might help to develop novel therapeutic strategy for Bartter syndrome type Ⅰ.


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Pregnancy , Bartter Syndrome/genetics , HEK293 Cells , Homozygote , Retrospective Studies , Solute Carrier Family 12, Member 1/genetics
18.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 122-126, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927918

ABSTRACT

Four cyclic peptides were isolated from the 75% ethanol extract of the fibrous roots of Pseudostellaria heterophylla by silica gel, Sephadex LH-20 column chromatography, and semi-preparative HPLC. Through mass spectrometry, NMR and other methods, they were identified as pseudostellarin L(1), heterophyllin B(2), pseudostellarin B(3), and pseudostellarin C(4). Among them, compound 1 was a new cyclic peptide, and compounds 2-4 were isolated from the fibrous roots of P. heterophylla for the first time. None of these compounds displayed cytotoxic activities against MCF-7, A549, HCT-116, and SGC-7901 cells.


Subject(s)
Caryophyllaceae/chemistry , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Peptides, Cyclic/pharmacology , Plant Roots/chemistry
19.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 104-111, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935189

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the expression of long non-coding RNA LOC101927476 (LncRNA LOC101927476) in ovarian cancer and its effect on the biological characteristics of ovarian cancer. Methods: Patients with ovarian cancer who underwent surgery in Cancer Hospital of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from 2018 to 2019 were selected. The expressions of LOC101927476 in ovarian cancer cells 3AO, OVCA429, TOV21G, A2780, SKOV3, as well as 22 primary tumor tissues and their matched metastatic tumor tissues were detected by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Ovarian cancer transcriptome sequencing data from the TCGA database was used to verify the expressions of LOC101927476 and GATA4. 3AO and OVCA429 cells were infected with lentivirus plasmid containing OE-LOC101927476 and single guide RNA (sg-RNA) targeting LOC101927476, respectively. The effects of LOC101927476 on migration and invasion were detected by Transwell and wound healing assay. The effect of LOC101927476 on cell proliferation was detected by cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay. Results: RT-PCR assay showed that 20 out of 22 patients had significantly lower expression of LOC101927476 in their metastatic tumors compared with primary tumors. Transwell assay showed that overexpression of LOC101927476 significantly inhibited the invasion and migration capacities of 3AO cells. The numbers of invading and migrating 3AO cells infected with OE-LOC101927476 lentivirus were (357±63) and (699±65), respectively, lower than (661±95) and (1 024±76) in OE-EV group (P<0.050). In contrast, the numbers of invading and migrating OVCA429 cells with LOC101927476 knockdown were (512±72) and (472±40), respectively, higher than (309±13) and (363±27) in sg-Control group (P<0.050). Wound healing assay results showed that after 48 hours, the percentage of scratch healing of 3AO cells in OE-LOC101927476 group was (10.86±0.63)%, significantly lower than (57.38±4.42)% of OE-EV group (P=0.009). After 24 hours, the percentage of scratch healing of OCVA429 cells in sg-LOC101927476 group was (59.98±1.34)%, significantly higher than (23.15±2.03)% of sg-Control group (P=0.004). CCK-8 assays showed that the OD value of 3AO cells in OE-LOC101927476 group was (2.07±0.08), significantly lower than (2.29±0.04) of OE-EV group (P=0.009). The OD value of OVCA429 cells in sg-LOC101927476 group was (2.13±0.03), significantly higher than (1.93±0.03) of sg-Control group (P=0.001). The relative expression of GATA4 in OE-LOC101927476 group was (1.86±0.25), significantly higher than 1.00 of OE-EV group (P=0.001). In patients with high expression of LncRNA LOC101927476, the expression level of GATA4 was (2.93±0.35), which was higher than (0.29±0.06) of LOC101927476 low expression group (P=0.001). Conclusion: LncRNA LOC101927476 can inhibit the invasion, migration and proliferation of ovarian cancer cells.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement/genetics , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Ovarian Neoplasms/genetics , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics
20.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 97-103, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906055

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the correlations of the severity of heart failure related to coronary heart disease arising from Qi deficiency and blood stasis with cardiac function indexes, energy metabolism indexes, coagulation function indexes, and inflammatory factors, in order to provide a scientific basis for further research on the biological foundation of this disease. Method:Two hundred patients with heart failure related to coronary heart disease of Qi deficiency and blood stasis syndrome were collected and then classified into mild, moderate and severe groups according to their scores of Qi deficiency and blood stasis syndrome. Meanwhile, 40 healthy persons confirmed by physical examination during the same period were included into the control group. Such biological indexes as cardiac function indexes, energy metabolism indexes, coagulation function indexes, and inflammatory factors were determined in patients of each group for comparison. Then the Spearman rank correlation analysis was conducted to figure out the correlations between differential indexes and the severity of Qi deficiency and blood stasis syndrome, followed by the determination of risk factors for the severity of Qi deficiency and blood stasis syndrome by ordered logistic regression analysis. Result:The cardiac function indexes, energy metabolism indexes, coagulation function indexes, and inflammatory factors in patients with heart failure related to coronary heart disease arising from Qi deficiency and blood stasis varied significantly. There were significant statistical differences in the levels of N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-ProBNP), 6-minute walk test (6MWT), heart-type fatty acid-binging protein (H-FABP), prothrombin time (PT), activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), tumor necrosis factor-<italic>α</italic> (TNF-<italic>α</italic>), and nitric oxide (NO) among the mild, moderate, and severe groups (<italic>P</italic><0.05). The severity of Qi deficiency and blood stasis syndrome was positively correlated with NT-ProBNP (<italic>r</italic>=0.144), PT (<italic>r</italic>=0.173), and APTT (<italic>r</italic>=0.144), but negatively with 6MWT (<italic>r</italic>=-0.287). The 6MWT[odds ratio(OR)=0.995, 95% confidence interval(CI) 0.991-0.998),<italic>P</italic><0.01] and APTT(OR=1.088,95%CI 1.021-1.157,<italic>P</italic><0.01) were independent risk factors affecting the severity of heart failure related to coronary heart disease arising from Qi deficiency and blood stasis. Conclusion:The severity of heart failure related to coronary heart disease of Qi deficiency and blood stasis syndrome is closely related to NT-ProBNP, 6MWT, H-FABP, PT, APTT, TNF-<italic>α</italic>, and NO. Moreover, 6MWT and APTT can be used as independent risk factors to evaluate the severity of patients with heart failure related to coronary heart disease due to Qi deficiency and blood stasis.

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