Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 189
Filter
1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 339-350, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965704

ABSTRACT

Decoction is a classical dosage form of traditional Chinese medicines. In the process of decocting, various complex components produce physical interactions and chemical reactions, among which physical interactions include van der Waals force, hydrogen bond, electrostatic interaction, π-π stacking, etc., and chemical reactions include Maillard reaction, oxidation reaction, hydrolysis reaction, degradation reaction, polymerization reaction, etc. New substances and original ingredients from chemical reactions can be further activated. These effects form the basis of particle formation in the broth. The sizes of the particles in decoctions range from nanoscale to micron scale, mostly composed of polysaccharide, protein matrix, wrapped in water insoluble molecules, can increase the dispersion of insoluble components and the stability of unstable components, as well as reduce the volatile components and toxic components of volatile components, and ultimately achieve the purpose of efficient absorption and toxicity reduction. From the angle of physical change and chemical reaction in the process of decoction, this paper expounds the formation mechanism of particles in decoction, expounds the research method of particles, analyzes the components in particles and the interaction between components, and then explains the pharmacodynamic characteristics of traditional Chinese medicine decoction, which provides the foundation for the modernization of Chinese decoction.

2.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 982-989, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985623

ABSTRACT

Objective: To understand the population structure of food-borne Staphylococcus (S.) aureus in China. Methods: Whole genome sequencing was used to analyze 763 food-borne S. aureus strains from 16 provinces in China from 2006 to 2020. Multilocus sequence typing (MLST), staphylococcal protein A gene (spa) typing, and staphylococcal chromosome cassettemec (SCCmec) typing were conducted, and minimum spanning tree based on ST types (STs) was constructed by BioNumerics 7.5 software. Thirty-one S. aureus strains isolated from imported food products were also included in constructing the genome phylogenetic tree. Results: A total of 90 STs (20 novel types) and 160 spa types were detected in the 763 S. aureus isolates. The 72 STs (72/90, 80.0%) were related to 22 clone complexes. The predominant clone complexes were CC7, CC1, CC5, CC398, CC188, CC59, CC6, CC88, CC15, and CC25, accounting for 82.44% (629/763) of the total. The STs and spa types in the predominant clone complexes changed over the years. The methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) detection rate was 7.60%, and 7 SCCmec types were identified. The ST59-t437-Ⅳa (17.24%, 10/58), ST239-t030-Ⅲ (12.07%, 7/58), ST59-t437-Ⅴb (8.62%, 5/58), ST338-t437-Ⅴb (6.90%, 4/58) and ST338-t441-Ⅴb (6.90%, 4/58) were the main types in MRSA strains. The genome phylogenetic tree had two clades, and the strains with the same CC, ST, and spa types clustered together. All CC7 methicillin sensitive S. aureus strains were included in Clade1, while 21 clone complexes and all MRSA strains were in Clade2. The MRSA strains clustered according to the SCCmec and STs. The strains from imported food products in CC398, CC7, CC30, CC12, and CC188 had far distances from Chinese strains in the tree. Conclusions: In this study, the predominant clone complexes of food-borne strains were CC7, CC1, CC5, CC398, CC188, CC59, CC6, CC88, CC15, and CC25, which overlapped with the previously reported clone complexes of hospital and community-associated strains in China, suggesting that close attention needs to be paid to food, a vehicle of pathogen transmission in community and food poisoning.


Subject(s)
Humans , Staphylococcus aureus/genetics , Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus/genetics , Multilocus Sequence Typing , Phylogeny , Staphylococcal Infections/epidemiology , China/epidemiology
3.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 29: e2022_0492, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1423343

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Total internal arthroscopic anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction is one of the new technologies in recent years. The main advantage is the need for only one tendon for the surgical procedure. Objective: Compare the clinical effects of total internal and traditional anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction techniques. Methods: From January 2019 to January 2022, the clinical data of 45 patients with anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction were retrospectively analyzed, including 32 males and 13 females aged 18-33 years, mean of 24.2 ± 3.3 years. Total internal reconstruction was performed in 22 cases (total internal group) and traditional reconstruction in 23 cases (traditional group). The two groups recorded and compared the time of injury, duration of surgical procedure, postoperative VAS score, and recovery of knee function. The International Knee Literature Committee (IKDC) and the Lysholm scoring system were used to evaluate clinical efficacy. Results: 45 patients were followed for 14 to 18 months, mean (15.4 ± 1.3) months. There were no significant differences between the two groups in time between operation and injury, duration of operation, IKDC, and Lysholm score of the affected knee at the last follow-up. However, there were significant differences in the VAS score on day one, day three, day seven, two weeks, and one month after the operation (P < 0.05), with no significant difference at three months, six months, and one year after the operation. Conclusion: The effect of total internal reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament is equivalent to that of traditional methods, with less postoperative pain, making it the ideal choice for this treatment. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment outcomes.


RESUMO Introdução: A reconstrução artroscópica interna total do ligamento cruzado anterior é uma das novas tecnologias dos últimos anos. A principal vantagem é a necessidade de apenas um tendão para o procedimento cirúrgico. Objetivo: Comparar os efeitos clínicos da técnica interna total e da técnica tradicional na reconstrução do ligamento cruzado anterior. Métodos: Entre janeiro de 2019 a janeiro de 2022, os dados clínicos de 45 pacientes com reconstrução do ligamento cruzado anterior foram analisados retrospectivamente, incluindo 32 homens e 13 mulheres, com idades entre 18-33 anos, média de 24,2 ± 3,3 anos. A reconstrução interna total foi realizada em 22 casos (grupo interno total) e a reconstrução tradicional em 23 casos (grupo tradicional). O tempo da lesão, duração do procedimento cirúrgico, escore de VAS pós-operatório e recuperação da função do joelho dos dois grupos foram registrados e comparados. O Comitê Internacional de Literatura de Joelho (IKDC) e o sistema de pontuação de Lysholm foram utilizados para avaliar a eficácia clínica. Resultados: 45 pacientes foram acompanhados durante 14 a 18 meses, média de (15,4 ± 1,3) meses. Não houve diferença significativa entre os dois grupos no tempo entre a operação e a lesão, a duração da operação, a pontuação do IKDC e Lysholm do joelho afetado no último acompanhamento. Porém, houveram diferenças significativas na pontuação do VAS no primeiro dia, terceiro dia, sétimo dia, duas semanas e um mês após a operação (P < 0,05), sem diferença significativa em três meses, seis meses e um ano após a operação. Conclusão: O efeito da reconstrução interna total do ligamento cruzado anterior é equivalente ao dos métodos tradicionais, com menor dor pós-operatória, sendo a escolha ideal para esse tratamento. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción: La reconstrucción artroscópica interna total del ligamento cruzado anterior es una de las nuevas tecnologías de los últimos años. La principal ventaja es la necesidad de un solo tendón para el procedimiento quirúrgico. Objetivo: Comparar los efectos clínicos de la técnica interna total y la técnica tradicional en la reconstrucción del ligamento cruzado anterior. Métodos: Desde enero de 2019 hasta enero de 2022, se analizaron retrospectivamente los datos clínicos de 45 pacientes con reconstrucción del ligamento cruzado anterior, incluidos 32 hombres y 13 mujeres, de entre 18 y 33 años, con una media de 24,2 ± 3,3 años. Se realizó una reconstrucción interna total en 22 casos (grupo interno total) y una reconstrucción tradicional en 23 casos (grupo tradicional). Se registraron y compararon el momento de la lesión, la duración del procedimiento quirúrgico, la puntuación postoperatoria de la VAS y la recuperación de la función de la rodilla de los dos grupos. Se utilizaron el Comité Internacional de Literatura sobre la Rodilla (IKDC) y el sistema de puntuación de Lysholm para evaluar la eficacia clínica. Resultados: 45 pacientes fueron seguidos durante 14 a 18 meses, con una media de (15,4 ± 1,3) meses. No hubo diferencias significativas entre los dos grupos en cuanto al tiempo transcurrido entre la operación y la lesión, la duración de la operación, la puntuación IKDC y Lysholm de la rodilla afectada en el último seguimiento. Sin embargo, hubo diferencias significativas en la puntuación de la VAS al primer día, al tercer día, al séptimo día, a las dos semanas y al mes después de la operación (p < 0,05), sin que hubiera diferencias significativas a los tres meses, a los seis meses y al año después de la operación. Conclusión: El efecto de la reconstrucción interna total del ligamento cruzado anterior es equivalente al de los métodos tradicionales, con menos dolor postoperatorio, lo que la convierte en la opción ideal para este tratamiento. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.

4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1033-1040, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978749

ABSTRACT

In this study, alkali-soluble polysaccharide was extracted from Poria residue, and the structure of alkali-soluble polysaccharide was characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The physical morphology of alkali-soluble polysaccharide and ethyl cellulose (EC) was investigated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and the focus on angle of repose, bulk density, tapped density, Carr index, interparticle porosity, cohesion index, Hausner ratio, etc. The physical fingerprints were drawn, and the powder properties were evaluated by multivariate analysis. Diclofenac sodium extended-release tablets were prepared by direct compression method using alkali-soluble polysaccharide and EC as insoluble backbone materials to evaluate the basic properties of the extended-release tablets, investigate the in vitro drug release behavior and study the release mechanism. The results showed that alkali-soluble polysaccharide is a semi-crystalline polymer with smooth lamellar structure, and its stacking and compressibility are stronger than EC. The in vitro release experiments showed that the slow release performance of alkali-soluble polysaccharide is stronger than EC, and the release behavior of the prepared slow release tablets is in accordance with the Higuchi model. The pore structure is formed inside the tablets during the release process, and the release mode is pore diffusion release. The results of this study are of great significance for the development of new slow-release materials and the rational use of resources.

5.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 74-77, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-959051

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the characteristics of imported malaria epidemic from overseas in Wuhan, to explore the management mechanism of on-site cases, and to accumulate experience for the treatment of imported malaria in large cities after malaria elimination. Methods The epidemiological data on imported malaria from abroad during the period of malaria elimination (2010-2019) in Wuhan were collected. The gender, age and severe illness-related factors of the cases were analyzed. Based on the characteristics of the epidemic and the current situation of prevention and control, the content and experience of the “Municipal-District 24-7” case mechanism were discussed. Results The medical resources in Wuhan were the best in the central region, resulting in a large number of imported malaria cases, with a total of 474 cases reported from 2010 to 2019 (40.79% of the total number of cases in Hubei Province), including 359 cases of falciparum malaria, 36 severe cases and one death (the death rate was 0.28%). The patients were mainly young and middle-aged men aged 20 to 49 years old (97.26%). There were many referral cases (40.30%), and there was no seasonal clustering of cases reported. The undiagnosed proportion at the first visit was 44.85%, and the time of attack-diagnosis was 4 days or more in 61.00% of cases. The occurrence of severe cases was related to unconfirmed diagnosis at the first visit (χ2=35.46, P<0.001) and attack-diagnosis time (Z=-6.49, P<0.001). Conclusion Imported malaria occurs frequently in Wuhan, mainly falciparum malaria. However, “Municipal-District 24-7” case mechanism has effectively curbed the occurrence of severe and death cases and provided valuable experience for case management in similar cities in China.

6.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 242-246, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970855

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the relationship between the shape of the lateral wall and the early failure of internal fixation in the fracture of the femoral trochanteric region(FFT).@*METHODS@#Total 295 patients with femoral trochanteric fracture underwent internal fixation from January 2015 to January 2020 were selected. The patients were divided into two groups according to whether there was early internal fixation failure after surgery, 19 patients in the failure group and 276 patients in the normal group. Gender, affected side, age, AO classification, body mass index(BMI), preoperative hemoglobin, X-ray measurement of lower lateral wall thickness, preoperative internal diseases, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative tip apex distance(TAD), postoperative neck shaft angle, operation time and other data were compared between two groups. The shape of the lateral wall was compared between two groups, and the correlation between the shape of the lateral wall and the early internal fixation failure of femoral trochanteric fracture was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up for more than 1 year. There was no significant difference between two groups in terms of intraoperative blood loss, operation time, postoperative TAD, and postoperative neck shaft angle(P>0.05). At the latest follow-up, the visual anaglue scale (VAS) of the failure group was higher than that of the normal group(P<0.01), and the Harris score of the failure group was lower than that of normal group(P<0.05). The receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curve between shape of lateral wall and failure of early internal fixation of femoral trochanteric fracture was drawn. The critical value of the midpoint lateral wall thickness was 16.5 mm, and the area under the ROC curve was 0.845;The critical value of average sidewall thickness was 16.5 mm, and the area under ROC curve was 0.838;The critical value of the axial area of the sidewall was 7.5 mm, and the area under the ROC curve was 0.826.@*CONCLUSION@#The shape of the lateral femoral wall measured by CT could be used as a predictive factor for the early failure of internal fixation of femoral trochanteric fractures. For patients at risk, more reasonable surgical plans and postoperative preventive measures should be developed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Treatment Outcome , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary , Bone Nails , Retrospective Studies , Hip Fractures/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal
7.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 29-35, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970232

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the prevalence and the risk factors of fungal sepsis in 25 neonatal intensive care units (NICU) among preterm infants in China, and to provide a basis for preventive strategies of fungal sepsis. Methods: This was a second-analysis of the data from the "reduction of infection in neonatal intensive care units using the evidence-based practice for improving quality" study. The current status of fungal sepsis of the 24 731 preterm infants with the gestational age of <34+0 weeks, who were admitted to 25 participating NICU within 7 days of birth between May 2015 and April 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. These preterm infants were divided into the fungal sepsis group and the without fungal sepsis group according to whether they developed fungal sepsis to analyze the incidences and the microbiology of fungal sepsis. Chi-square test was used to compare the incidences of fungal sepsis in preterm infants with different gestational ages and birth weights and in different NICU. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis was used to study the outcomes of preterm infants with fungal sepsis, which were further compared with those of preterm infants without fungal sepsis. The 144 preterm infants in the fungal sepsis group were matched with 288 preterm infants in the non-fungal sepsis group by propensity score-matched method. Univariate and multivariate Logistic regression analysis were used to analyze the risk factors of fungal sepsis. Results: In all, 166 (0.7%) of the 24 731 preterm infants developed fungal sepsis, with the gestational age of (29.7±2.0) weeks and the birth weight of (1 300±293) g. The incidence of fungal sepsis increased with decreasing gestational age and birth weight (both P<0.001). The preterm infants with gestational age of <32 weeks accounted for 87.3% (145/166). The incidence of fungal sepsis was 1.0% (117/11 438) in very preterm infants and 2.0% (28/1 401) in extremely preterm infants, and was 1.3% (103/8 060) in very low birth weight infants and 1.7% (21/1 211) in extremely low birth weight infants, respectively. There was no fungal sepsis in 3 NICU, and the incidences in the other 22 NICU ranged from 0.7% (10/1 397) to 2.9% (21/724), with significant statistical difference (P<0.001). The pathogens were mainly Candida (150/166, 90.4%), including 59 cases of Candida albicans and 91 cases of non-Candida albicans, of which Candida parapsilosis was the most common (41 cases). Fungal sepsis was independently associated with increased risk of moderate to severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) (adjusted OR 1.52, 95%CI 1.04-2.22, P=0.030) and severe retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) (adjusted OR 2.55, 95%CI 1.12-5.80, P=0.025). Previous broad spectrum antibiotics exposure (adjusted OR=2.50, 95%CI 1.50-4.17, P<0.001), prolonged use of central line (adjusted OR=1.05, 95%CI 1.03-1.08, P<0.001) and previous total parenteral nutrition (TPN) duration (adjusted OR=1.04, 95%CI 1.02-1.06, P<0.001) were all independently associated with increasing risk of fungal sepsis. Conclusions: Candida albicans and Candida parapsilosis are the main pathogens of fungal sepsis among preterm infants in Chinese NICU. Preterm infants with fungal sepsis are at increased risk of moderate to severe BPD and severe ROP. Previous broad spectrum antibiotics exposure, prolonged use of central line and prolonged duration of TPN will increase the risk of fungal sepsis. Ongoing initiatives are needed to reduce fungal sepsis based on these risk factors.


Subject(s)
Infant , Infant, Newborn , Humans , Birth Weight , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal , Retrospective Studies , Tertiary Care Centers , Infant, Extremely Low Birth Weight , Gestational Age , Infant, Extremely Premature , Sepsis/epidemiology , Retinopathy of Prematurity/epidemiology , Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia/epidemiology
8.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 292-297, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982700

ABSTRACT

Five new flavonoid derivatives, cajavolubones A-E (1-5), along with six known analogues (6-11) were isolated from Cajanus volubilis, and their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic analysis and quantum chemical calculations. Cajavolubones A and B (1 and 2) were identified as two geranylated chalcones. Cajavolubone C (3) was a prenylated flavone, while cajavolubones D and E (4 and 5) were two prenylated isoflavanones. Compounds 3, 8, 9 and 11 displayed cytotoxicity against HCT-116 cancer cell line.


Subject(s)
Flavonoids/chemistry , Cajanus , Molecular Structure , Chalcones/chemistry
9.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 55-58, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934176

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical effect of free fibular flap of great toe without vein in repairing soft tissue defect of finger pulp.Methods:From June 2020 to January 2021, 8 cases of finger pulp soft tissue defect were repaired with free flap of fibular side of great toe without vein, including 6 males and 2 females, with an average age of 32(18-42) years old. The defect area of finger pulp was 1.0 cm×0.5 cm-1.8 cm×0.8 cm. The proper digital artery and digital nerve of the affected finger were anastomosed. All flaps did not carry reflux veins. The donor site of the toe was directly sutured. Postoperative routine anti infection, anti spasm and anticoagulant treatment was performed. Postoperative outpatient regular follow-up.Results:All flaps survived without vascular crisis, and the donor and recipient sites healed in the first stage. All patients were followed-up for an average of 6.4(4-12) months. At the last follow-up, the TPD was 6-8 mm, the hand function was evaluated according to the Trial Standard of Upper Limb Function Evaluation of Hand Surgery Society of Chinese Medical Association. Seven cases were excellent and 1 case was good.Conclusion:The free fibular flap of the great toe can be used to repair the small wound of finger pulp without carrying the draining vein, the flap can still survive. And it can provide a certain reference for the failure of anatomic separation of the draining vein.

10.
Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 383-389, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934057

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlation between gut microbiota and serum diamine oxidase (DAO) level and to analyze the differences in gut microbiota between high DAO (DAO-H) and normal DAO populations.Methods:This study recruited 62 adult volunteers (31 in DAO-H group and 31 in normal control group) taking health examination in the Strategic Support Forces Special Medical Center in 2021. Their stool samples were collected to analyze the composition of gut microbiota in the two populations by full-length 16S rRNA gene sequencing.Results:No significant difference in the alpha diversity of gut microbiota was found between the DAO-H group and the normal control group, but the structure and function of gut microbiota varied. In the DAO-H group, commensal bacteria decreased, such as Phocaeicola and Bacteroidetes, while potential pathogenic bacteria increased, such as Klebsiella pneumoniae. There were changes in the metabolism of gut microbiota in the DAO-H group, including inhibited sphingolipid metabolism and enhanced biosynthesis of vancomycin group antibiotics, one carbon pool by folate pathway, terpenoid backbone biosynthesis, cell cycle-Caulobacter, protein export, base excision repair and nitrogen metabolism.Conclusions:Compared with the people with normal DAO, the population with high DAO had unique characteristics in gut microbiota composition and metabolism.

11.
Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 265-274, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934042

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the differences in gut microbiota between patients with hyperuricemia (HUA) and healthy population for better understanding the correlation between gut microflora and high uric acid.Methods:This study recruited 63 adult volunteers, including 25 HUA patients (HUA group) and 38 healthy people (control group), who underwent physical examination in the PLA Strategic Support Force Characteristic Medical Center in 2021. Their fecal samples were collected and analyzed by 16S rRNA high-throughput full-length gene sequencing to analyze the composition of gut microbiota.Results:The overall composition of gut microbiota was different between HUA group and control group. The α diversity index decreased significantly in HUA group and β diversity analysis showed that there were significant differences between the two groups. HUA group showed increased Bacteroidetes and decreased Firmicutes. LEfSe analysis indicated a unique microbiota structure in HUA group, characterized by significantly decreased short-chain fatty acid (SCFA)-producing bacteria represented by Faecalibacterium prausnitzii and significantly increased Streptococcus salivarius, Bacteroides fragilis, Fusobacterium hwasookii, Flavonifractor plautii, Mycobacterium mucogenicum B and Blautia sp003287895. In addition, functional prediction through PICRUSt2 showed that the metabolism related to gut microbiota SCFA pathway in HUA group was decreased, which was consistent to the unique microbiota structure. Conclusions:Compared with healthy population, patients with hyperuricemia had different composition of gut microbiota and metabolic feature.

12.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 156-158, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933516

ABSTRACT

A 58-year-old female patient presented with painful and itchy skin lesions on the head, neck, chest and back for 20 days, and was admitted to the hospital in February 2010. The skin lesions manifested as superficial erosions on an erythematous base with positive Nikolsky′s sign. Histopathological examination showed fissures above the granular and spinous cell layers, and scattered dyskeratotic cells. Direct immunofluorescence (DIF) assay revealed IgG and C3 deposits between spinous cells. The patient was initially diagnosed with pemphigus foliaceus. After the treatment with triamcinolone (24 mg/d) , tripterygium glycosides (60 mg/d) , nicotinamide (300 mg/d) and tetracycline (2 g/d) , skin lesions gradually subsided. In June 2017, the patient was readmitted due to itchy skin lesions on the head, neck, chest, back and hands for 15 days, which manifested as tense bullae on an erythematous base with negative Nikolsky′s sign. Histopathological examination showed subepidermal blisters and infiltration of eosinophils and lymphocytes in the blisters and superficial dermis, DIF assay revealed the deposition of IgG and C3 along the basement membrane zone, and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay showed positive results for anti-BP180 antibody but negative results for anti-Dsg1 and Dsg3 antibodies. Then, a diagnosis of bullous pemphigoid was confirmed. The patient was treated with oral triamcinolone (12 mg/d) , nicotinamide (300 mg/d) and tetracycline (2 g/d) , and the lesions rapidly subsided.

13.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 425-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965125

ABSTRACT

@#Abstract: Objective - - To establish a pre column derivatization high performance liquid chromatography method for detecting Methods dimethyl sulfate (DMS) in workplace air. DMS in workplace air was collected with mercaptopyridine impregnated ( silicone tube. The derivative of DMS and mercaptopyridine was eluted by mobile phase phase A: water, phase B: acetonitrile, ∶ the volume ratio was 40 60) , and separated with a C18 column, then detected with diode array detector and quantitated by a Results - standard curve. The linear range of DMS was 0.17 40.00 mg/L, with the correlation coefficient of 0.999 95. The detection limit and the lower limit of quantitation were 0.05 and 0.17 mg/L respectively. The minimum detection concentration and minimum quantitation concentration were 0.02 and 0.04 mg/m³, respectively (air sample volume of 4.5 L, 1.0 mL sample - - - solution). The average desorption efficiency was 98.40% 102.00%. The within run and between run relative standard deviations - - were 0.61% 3.92% and 1.71% 6.00%, respectively. The samples could be stored at room temperature for at least 14 days. Conclusion This method can be used to detect DMS in workplace air.

14.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 976-981, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957771

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of different delivery and feeding modes on intestinal microflora in infants with atopic dermatitis (AD) .Methods:A total of 33 infants with AD were enrolled from Department of Dermatology, Wuhan NO.1 Hospital from July 2019 to December 2020, and 30 healthy infants were selected as control group. Then, all infants were grouped according to different delivery and feeding modes: cesarean-delivery AD group (22 cases) , cesarean-delivery control group (19 cases) , spontaneous-delivery AD group (11 cases) , and spontaneous-delivery control group (11 cases) ; mixed-feeding AD group (13 cases) , mixed-feeding control group (11 cases) , formula milk powder-feeding AD group (12 cases) , formula milk powder-feeding control group (11 cases) , breastfeeding AD group (8 cases) , and breastfeeding control group (12 cases) . The total DNA was extracted from the infant feces, PCR was performed to amplify the V1 - V9 regions of bacterial 16S rRNA gene, and PacBio Sequel sequencer was used for high-throughput sequencing. Wilcoxon rank sum test was used to compare the bacterial community composition at genus and species levels, and correlations of relative abundance of differentially abundant bacterial taxa with eosinophil counts and SCORing Atopic Dermatitis (SCORAD) scores were analyzed.Results:In the spontaneous-delivery control group, cesarean-delivery control group, spontaneous-delivery AD group, and cesarean-delivery AD group, the top 5 bacterial genera with high relative abundance were Bifidobacterium, Bacteroides, Veillonella, Streptococcus, and Escherichia. In the formula milk powder-feeding control group, breastfeeding control group, mixed-feeding control group, formula milk powder-feeding AD group, breastfeeding AD group, and mixed-feeding AD group, the top 5 abundant bacterial genera were Bifidobacterium, Bacteroides, Clostridium, Veillonella, and Escherichia. Linear discriminant analysis of effect size (LEfSe) showed no significant difference in the relative abundance of bacterial taxa among different delivery mode groups; among different feeding mode groups, Akkermansia and Akkermansiamuciniphila were the most differentially abundant microbes in the formula milk powder-feeding AD group at genus (LDA = 4.78) and species (LDA = 4.91) levels, respectively. The relative abundance of Akkermansia and Akkermansiamuciniphila (both 9.6% ± 0.72%) was significantly higher in the formula milk powder-feeding AD group than in the formula milk powder-feeding control group (both 2.50% ± 0.83%, Z = 1.66, P = 0.048) , the mixed-feeding AD group (both 0, Z = 2.26, P = 0.012) and the breastfeeding AD group (both 0, Z = 1.85, P = 0.032) . Additionally, the relative abundance of Akkermansia and Akkermansia- muciniphila was positively correlated with SCORAD scores in AD patients ( ρ = 0.384, 0.387, respectively, both P < 0.05) . Conclusion:Different delivery modes did not significantly affect the intestinal flora of AD or healthy infants, and the relative abundance of Akkermansia and Akkermansiamuciniphila increased in the formula milk powder-feeding infants with AD, which may be involved in the occurrence of AD.

15.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 823-830, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957074

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the anatomical and clinical effects of lateral-perineal approach in treating the fracture of inferior ramus of pubis-ischium ramus.Methods:The lateral approach of the perineum was simulated on 10 side of 5 intact wet adult cadavers to determine the surface symbols of incision design and to expose the operative field of the approach and to observe the anatomical characteristics of the perineal branch of the posterior femoral cutaneous nerve and the incision of the surgical approach. Five points were selected at the incision of the approach. The distance (L 1-L 5) between each point and the body surface projection of the perineal branch of the posterior femoral cutaneous nerve was measured. A total of 11 patients, including 5 males and 6 females with an average age of 41.55±14.32 years, ranging from 18 to 62 years, were treated by this approach in clinical practice. All patients had a reduction and fixation to the fracture of inferior ramus of pubis-ischium ramus. The operation duration, incision length, intraoperative blood loss and surgical complications were recorded. The quality of fracture reduction was evaluated according to Matta radiographic criteria. The strength of the adductor was measured. The pelvic function was evaluated according to Majeed Pelvic Score at the last follow-up. Results:Anatomical studies shown that the line between the two points. One point was 4 cm lateral to the level of the apex of the pubic arch. Another point was 4 cm from the ischial tubercle on the line from the ischial tuberosity to the point that 4 cm lateral to the level of the apex of the pubic arch was the axis of the approach lateral of the perineum. Anatomical studies showed that the lateral-perineal approach could expose the range from pubic symphysis to sciatic tuberculum. The distance between the points selected at the incision of the approach and the body surface projection of the perineal branch of the posterior femoral cutaneous nerve: L 1 was 19.40±1.17 mm, ranging from 18 to 21 mm; L 2 was 16.60±2.76 mm, ranging from 10 to 20 mm; L 3 was 18.30±1.89 mm, ranging from 16 to 21 mm; L 4 was 19.20±1.93 mm, ranging from 16 to 22 mm; L 5 was 14.70±1.83 mm, ranging from 13 to 18 mm. All patients were followed up for 17.91±4.09 months, ranging from 13 to 26 months. The incision length was 8.18±0.98 cm, ranging from 7 to 10 cm. The operation duration was 59.64±12.17 min, ranging from 43 to 85 min. The intraoperative blood loss was 100 ml, ranging from 50 to 130 ml. All incisions were healed in all patients. The fractures were healed in 13.36±2.06 weeks, ranging from 10 to 16 weeks. According to Matta radiographic criteria, the quality of fracture reduction was excellent in 6 cases, good in 4 cases and fair in 1 case. At the last follow-up, the adductor muscle strength reached grade 4 in 4 patients and grade 5 in 7 patients. Furthermore, according to the Majeed Pelvic Score, the score of every patient was 86.55±9.59, ranging from 66 to 100, and 8 cases were excellent, 3 cases were good at the last follow-up. The heterotopic ossification occurred in 2 patients, the pain during intercourse occurred in 2 patients. No patient had sensory disturbance or pain in the perineal area. Conclusion:A certain safe distance is between the lateral to the perineum and the perineal branch of the posterior femoral cutaneous nerve with limited risk of injuring posterior femoral cutaneous nerve via the lateral approach of the perineum. The advantages in treating the fracture of inferior ramus of pubis-ischium ramus by this approach have concealed incision, short operation duration and less bleeding with satisfied short-term clinical effects.

16.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 328-332, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928317

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the efficacy of long reconstruction plate combined with minimally invasive percutaneous plate osteosynthesis(MIPPO) technique in the treatment of unstable pelvic anterior ring fractures.@*METHODS@#From January 2013 to February 2019, 16 patients with unstable pelvic fracture were treated, including 12 males and 4 females, aged from 20 to 60 years(mean 46.5 years). According to Tile classification, there were 4 cases of type B1, 6 cases of type B2, 4 cases of type C1 and 2 cases of type C2. The fracture of all patients was closed, and the time from injury to operation was 7 to 10 days with an average of 6.2 days. The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, fracture reduction quality, fracture healing time, complications and limb function during the final follow-up were evaluated in 16 patients.@*RESULTS@#All 16 patients were followed up for 12 to 23 months (mean 19.1 months). The operation time was 60 to 180 min (mean 107.8 min). The intraoperative blood loss was 120 to 600 ml (mean 368.1 ml). The fracture healing time was 12 to 20 weeks (mean 16.3 weeks). According to Matta criteria, the fracture reduction was excellent in 6 cases, good in 8 cases and fair in 2 cases. One patient suffered from lateral femoral cutaneous nerve injury during the operation, and the lateral thigh sensation decreased after operation, which recovered after 6 months. One patient had pain stimulated by internal fixation at the iliac fossa. The symptoms were improved after the internal fixation was removed. The fractures of 16 patients were healed satisfactorily and there was no internal fixation loosening. Majeed score at the final follow-up was 67 to 95, excellent in 10 cases, good in 4 cases and fair in 2 cases.@*CONCLUSION@#Closed reduction and fixation of pelvic anterior ring fracture with long reconstruction plate combined with MIPPO technique through anterior approach has the advantages of less injury, less bleeding time during operation, saving operation time, high intraoperative safety, high fracture healing rate, early functional exercise after operation, and effective treatment of pelvic anterior ring fracture.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Blood Loss, Surgical , Bone Plates , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Fractures, Bone/surgery , Pelvic Bones/surgery
17.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 421-432, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936098

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the safety and effectiveness of esophagojejunostomy (EJS) through extracorporeal and intracorporeal methods after laparoscopic total gastrectomy (LTG). Methods: A retrospective cohort study was carried out. Clinicopathological data of 261 gastric cancer patients who underwent LTG, D2 lymphadenectomy, and Roux-en-Y EJS with complete postoperative 6-month follow-up data at the General Surgery Department of Nanfang Hospital from October 2018 to June 2021 were collected. Among these 261 patients, 139 underwent EJS with a circular stapler via mini-laparotomy (extracorporeal group), while 122 underwent intracorporeal EJS (intracorporeal group), including 43 with OrVil(TM) anastomosis (OrVil(TM) subgroup) and 79 with Overlap anastomosis (Overlap subgroup). Compared with the extracorporeal group, the intracorporeal group had higher body mass index, smaller tumor size, earlier T stage and M stage (all P<0.05). Compared with the Overlap subgroup, the Orvil(TM) subgroup had higher proportions of upper gastrointestinal obstruction and esophagus involvement, and more advanced T stage (all P<0.05). No other significant differences in the baseline data were found (all P>0.05). The primary outcome was complications at postoperative 6-month. The secondary outcomes were operative status, intraoperative complication and postoperative recovery. Continuous variables with a skewed distribution are expressed as the median (interquartile range), and were compared using Mann-Whitney U test. Categorical variables are expressed as the number and percentage and were compared with the Pearson chi-square, continuity correction or Fisher's exact test. Results: Compared with the extracorporeal group, the intracorporeal group had smaller incision [5.0 (1.0) cm vs. 8.0 (1.0) cm, Z=-10.931, P=0.001], lower rate of combined organ resection [0.8% (1/122) vs. 7.9% (11/139), χ(2)=7.454, P=0.006] and higher rate of R0 resection [94.3% (115/122) vs. 84.9 (118/139), χ(2)=5.957, P=0.015]. The morbidity of intraoperative complication in the extracorporeal group and intracorporeal group was 2.9% (4/139) and 4.1% (5/122), respectively (χ(2)=0.040, P=0.842). In terms of postoperative recovery, the extracorporeal group had shorter time to liquid diet [(5.1±2.4) days vs. (5.9±3.6) days, t=-2.268, P=0.024] and soft diet [(7.3±3.7) days vs. (8.8±6.5) days, t=-2.227, P=0.027], and shorter postoperative hospital stay [(10.5±5.1) days vs. (12.2±7.7) days, t=-2.108, P=0.036]. The morbidity of postoperative complication within 6 months in the extracorporeal group and intracorporeal group was 25.9% (36/139) and 31.1%, (38/122) respectively (P=0.348). Furthermore, there was also no significant difference in the morbidity of postoperative EJS complications [extracorporeal group vs. intracorporeal group: 5.0% (7/139) vs. 82.% (10/122), P=0.302]. The severity of postoperative complications between the two groups was not statistically significant (P=0.289). In the intracorporeal group, the Orvil(TM) subgroup had more estimated blood loss [100.0 (100.0) ml vs.50.0 (50.0) ml, Z=-2.992, P=0.003] and larger incision [6.0 (1.0) cm vs. 5.0 (1.0) cm, Z=-3.428, P=0.001] than the Overlap subgroup, seemed to have higher morbidity of intraoperative complication [7.0% (3/43) vs. 2.5% (2/79),P=0.480] and postoperative complications [37.2% (16/43) vs. 27.8% (22/79), P=0.286], and more severe classification of complication (P=0.289). Conclusions: The intracorporeal EJS after LTG has similar safety to extracorporeal EJS. As for intracorporeal EJS, the Overlap method is safer and has more potential advantages than Orvil(TM) method, and is worthy of further exploration and optimization.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anastomosis, Surgical/methods , Gastrectomy/methods , Intraoperative Complications , Laparoscopy/methods , Postoperative Complications/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery , Treatment Outcome
18.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 719-722, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911514

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate epidemiological characteristics of outpatients and disease spectrum in the dermatology department during the COVID-19 epidemicMethods:A retrospective comparison of outpatient visits, gender, age and disease types in the dermatology department of Wuhan No.1 Hospital was performed between COVID-19 epidemic period (from 23th January 2020 to 15th April 2020) and the same period in 2019. Enumeration data were analyzed by Pearson′s chi-square test.Results:During the COVID-19 epidemic, the number of outpatient visits to the dermatology department of the hospital decreased markedly, and the average daily number of outpatient visits (236 visits/day) was only 8.81% of that during the same period in 2019 (2 678 visits/day) ; the ratio of male to female patients was reversed from 1∶1.37 in 2019 to 1.16∶1 in 2020; the proportions of patients aged 0-6, 7-12, 13-17 and 18-45 years significantly decreased compared with those in 2019 (all P < 0.001) , and the proportions of patients aged 46-69 and > 69 years significantly increased (both P < 0.001) . During the COVID-19 epidemic, there were 171 types of skin diseases in the dermatology outpatient department, and the number of disease categories decreased compared with that during the same period in 2019 (442 types) ; the number of patient visits for allergic skin diseases, erythematous papulosquamous skin diseases, viral infectious skin diseases and bacterial infectious skin diseases significantly increased compared with that during the same period in 2019 (all P < 0.001) , while the number of patient visits for sebaceous and sweat gland disorders, pigmented skin diseases and physical skin diseases significantly decreased (all P < 0.001) . Conclusion:Compared with the same period in 2019, the number of outpatient visits, patient sex ratio, age distribution and disease types in the dermatology department have undergone marked changes during the COVID-19 epidemic, and this study provides a reference for healthcare workers in dermatology department to respond to various epidemics and natural disasters in the future.

19.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 919-925, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909957

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical efficacy of anterior approach combined with blocking plates and screws in the management of acetabular fracture involving the quadrilateral area.Methods:A retrospective case series analysis was performed for 16 patients with acetabular fracture involving the quadrilateral area admitted to First and Second Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University from January 2017 to January 2019. There were 12 males and 4 females,with the age of 21-66 years[(45.3±10.6)years]. According to Letournel-Judet classification,there were 9 patients with bi-column fracture,6 with anterior and posterior traverse fracture and 1 with anterior column fracture. A total of 9 patients were operated via the ilioinguinal approach and 7 via the lateral-rectus approach. Reduction and fixation of the pelvis and acetabulum were performed,using 3.5 mm cortical bone screws or plates to block the internal displacement of fracture in the quadrilateral body. The incision length,operation time and intraoperative blood loss were recorded. The quality of fracture reduction was assessed according to the Matta reduction criteria at postoperative 2 days and hip function by the modified Merle D'Aubigne-Postel score at postoperative 3 months and 12 months. Postoperative complications were observed.Results:All patients were followed up for 13-24 months[(16.1±2.9)months]. The ilioinguinal approach and lateral-rectus approach showed surgical incision of 12-26 cm[(18.6±4.0)cm]and 8-15 cm[(10.7±2.3)cm],respectively. The operation time was 107-215 minutes[(159.2±27.8)minutes]and the intraoperative blood loss was 200-2,300 ml[(853.1±489.7)ml]. According to Matta reduction criteria,the results were excellent in 9 patients and good in 7. Three months after operation,the modified Merle D'Aubigne-Postel score was 11-18 points[(15.2±2.2)points],which showed the results were excellent in 4 patients,good in 7,fair in 4 and poor in 1,with the excellent and good rate of 69%. Twelve months after operation,the modified Merle D'Aubigne-Postel score was 13-18 points[(16.9±1.4)points],which showed the results were excellent in 7 patients,good in 8 and fair in 1,with the excellent and good rate of 94%. The liquefaction of post-surgical incision was seen in a patient,bladder injury in a patient,lateral femoral cutaneous nerve injury in a patient,and heterotopic ossification in a patient. There was no loosening or breakage of the internal fixation.Conclusion:For acetabular fracture involving the quadrilateral area,anterior approach combined with blocking plates and screws can prevent the displacement of quadrilateral fracture and attain satisfactory reductiongood hip function recovery and few complications.

20.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 803-808, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922161

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the prostate health index (PHI) as a tool for the diagnosis of PCa with a PSA level of 4-10 μg/L and determine the best cut-off value of PHI.@*METHODS@#Fifty-eight patients with a PSA level of 4-10 μg/L underwent transrectal ultrasound-guided prostatic biopsy in our hospital between April 2017 and June 2019. We constructed receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves for the relationship of the biopsy results with the level of PSA, the ratio of [-2] proPSA to fPSA and PHI, and calculated the area under the ROC curves (AUC).@*RESULTS@#Prostatic biopsy revealed 18 cases of PCa in the 58 patients (31.0%). Statistically significant differences were observed between the PCa and non-PCa groups in [-2] proPSA, %[-2] proPSA and PHI, but not in tPSA, % fPSA and PSA-density. The AUCs of PSA, % fPSA, PSA-density, [-2] proPSA, %[-2] proPSA and PHI were 0.556, 0.407, 0.533, 0.746, 0.751 and 0.774, respectively. The specificity of PHI was 27.50% (95% CI: 14.6%-43.9%), the highest among the above predictors at 90% sensitivity. By applying PHI to this cohort, 13 cases (22.4%) of unnecessary biopsy could be avoided.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The application of PHI can increase the accuracy of PCa prediction and reduce unnecessary prostatic biopsy.、.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Asian People , Macau , Prostate , Prostate-Specific Antigen , Prostatic Neoplasms/diagnosis
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL