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1.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 104-109, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884967

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the feasibility, safety and clinical efficacy of ileum augmentation cystoplasty assisted by Da Vinci robot for the treatment of neurogenic bladder.Methods:Retrospective analysis was performed on the data of 12 patients with neurogenic bladder admitted to Zhejiang Provincial People’s Hospital from March 2017 to November 2018, including 11 males and 1 female, with the mean age of 38(12-67). Preoperative symptoms were urinary incontinence, dysuria, decreased bladder capacity, or increased bladder pressure leading to ureteral reflux. All the 12 patients underwent preoperative intermittent catheterization, including 8 patients with spinal cord injury and 4 patients with spinal cord dysplasia. Preoperative serum creatinine(129.58±44.60)μmol/L and total glomerular filtration rate(61.63±18.04)ml/(min·m 2) were observed in 12 patients. Preoperative urodynamic examination showed the safe bladder volume of (95.67±39.10)ml, bladder internal pressure of(63.30±6.02)cmH 2O(1 cmH 2O=0.098 kPa)at the end of filling period, bladder compliance of(10.24±1.14)ml/cmH 2O, residual urine volume of(152.58±80.89)ml, and urine flow rate of(3.88±3.63)ml/s. Bladder contracture was evident on preoperative cystography. Ultrasound examination showed different degree of hydronephrosis and ureter expansion, in all cases, with ureteral reflux grading Ⅰin 2 cases, grade Ⅱ in 4 cases, grade Ⅲ in 4 cases, grade Ⅳ in 2 cases. All the 12 patients underwent robot-assisted ileum augmentation cystoplasty with 5-point puncture. Transverse incision of the bladder wall before full thickness, according to the amount of bladder and quality to decide 30 cm(normal), longitudinal cut back loops and one point after suture fixation in the bladder wall midpoint, fixed point as starting point, in turn, will be blind to the bladder stitching on both sides, the bilateral ureteral placing a single J tube respectively, evaluation of surgical success rate (including intraoperative bleeding, interception of bowel loops are no damage adjacent viscera, ureter openings with and without damage, impermeability, match insufflate whether unobstructed), postoperative complications, anastomotic fistula, intestinal obstruction, abdominal bleeding), urine dynamics test parameters, and patients’ quality of life. Patients were regularly given anticholinergic drugs(2 mg/d) for 6 months after surgery. Results:All the 12 cases in this group were successfully completed without any transfer to open surgery. The operation time was(120.8±12.0)min. Intraoperative blood loss(84.0±23.2)ml. Postoperative intestinal function recovery time(3.3±1.3) d. Postoperative hospital stay(12.1±3.1)d. Postoperative pelvic drainage tube indwelling time (3.8±1.2) d. Catheter and single J tube were removed 2 weeks after operation. Postoperative follow-up averaged 19.4(3-24) months. At 3, 12, 24 months after surgery, the bladder safety volume was rechecked(435.83±33.56), (450.90±31.09), (462.00±33.72)ml, the bladder internal pressure at the end of filling was(18.60±0.92), (15.70±1.42), (12.96±1.34)cmH 2O, the blood creatinine level was(81.43±21.10), (74.34±15.70), (72.90±15.90)μmol/L, and the bladder compliance was(37.94±4.22), (40.40±3.98), (43.42±4.20)ml/cmH 2O and the total glomerular filtration rate(91.52±9.49), (102.18±5.65), (112.41±6.50)ml/(min·m 2) were significantly improved compared with those before surgery( P<0.001). After 24 months of bladder urination training, 1 patient could basically urinate by herself. Three patients were treated with intermittent urinary catheterization supplemented by automatic urination. The remaining 8 patients were completely dependent on urinary catheter for intermittent catheterization. Postoperative complications such as anastomotic fistula, ileus and abdominal bleeding were not found in 12 patients. Conclusions:Ileum bladder enlargement assisted by robot can effectively expand bladder volume, reduce bladder internal pressure, improve bladder compliance, prevent ureteral reflux and protect renal function.

2.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 63-64, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884960

ABSTRACT

Single-docking robot-assisted laparoscopic radical nephroureterectomy is difficult to deal with the distal ureter and bladder. Thirty-two patients with ureter carcinoma underwent single-docking robot-assisted nephroureterectomy in rectus rectilinear cannula placement in our hospital. The advantages include lower surgical difficulty, shorter operation time, less surgical bleeding and damage. This surgical method is a safe and effective minimally invasive treatment for ureter carcinoma.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884816

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the effect of home quarantine on blood glucose and lipids in healthy adults during the COVID-19 epidemic times.Method:From April 7, 2020 to May 1, 2020, 512 adults wereexamined in Beijing physical examination center, of which 87 adults aged olderthan 18, received community closed management or home quarantine from January 23, 2020 to March 30, 2020, and theadultshad physical examination in Beijing physical examination center in the same month of 2018 and 2019 were selected as controls. The change trend of blood glucose and blood lipid acrossthe three years was analyzed by one-way repeated measurement of variance, and the difference of blood lipid and blood glucose between two years of physical examination was further analyzed by Bonferroni method. Datawereanalyzed by gender.Result:Among the 87 subjects, 36 (41.4%) were male and 51(58.6%) were female. The average age was (46.3±13.2) years and ranged from 24 to 74. The difference of high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC) and fasting blood glucose (FBG) among 2018, 2019 and 2020 was statistically significant (all P<0.05), while differences in LDL-C, TC and FBG were statistically significant for males (all P<0.05) and HDL-C, LDL-C, TC and FBG were statistically significant for females (all P<0.05). HDL-C in 2018and 2020were significantly lower than that in 2019 [(1.27±0.29), (1.30±0.31) vs. (1.36±0.34) mmol/L], LDL-C in 2020was significantly higher than that in 2018and 2019 [(3.11±0.88) vs. (2.81±0.77), (2.84±0.71) mmol/L], TG in 2020 was significantly higher than that in 2019[(1.54±1.17) vs. (1.32±0.80) mmol/L], TC in 2019and 2020were significantly higher than that in 2018 [(4.88±0.94), (5.10±0.99) vs. (4.63±0.90) mmol/L], and the FBG in 2019and 2020were significantly lower than that in 2018 [(5.34±1.17), (5.44±1.58) vs. (5.84±1.70) mmol/L] (all P<0.05). The comparative analysis of men and women showed that the means of LDL-C, TG, TC and FBG of men were higher than those of women while the mean of HDL-C was lower than that of women in each year; compared with 2019, the increase of LDL-C and TC of men was obvious while the decrease of HDL-C of women was obvious (all P<0.05) in 2020. Conclusion:During the epidemic period of COVID-19, the home quarantine has adverse effects on blood glucose and lipid.

4.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 141-147, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884148

ABSTRACT

Objective:Based on the occupational cohort of Beijing Medical Examination Center, to explored the relevant factors of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), and to provide scientific basis for screening and early diagnosis of NAFLD in high-risk population.Methods:Based on the cohort of occupational population who underwent physical examination in Beijing physical examination center from January to December 2009, the physical examination indexes were collected, and a retrospective survival cohort with a follow-up period of 3 years was established.According to the idea of nested case-control study, each case was randomly matched with the same gender, age and physical examination time in the same month by using the method of random sampling without putting back.Conditional logistic regression model was established by using the matched data.The diagnostic value of related indicators for NAFLD was analyzed by receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC).Results:A total of 1 194 subjects were included, including 684 males (57.3%, 684/1 194) and 510 females (42.7%, 510/1 194). The age was (50.8±11.6) years.The age ranged from 24.0 to 88.0 years.There were 597 patients with NAFLD, including 342 males and 255 females.Logistic regression analysis showed that body mass index, high density lipoprotein cholesterol, hemoglobin, platelet count, uric acid and urea nitrogen were statistically significant in male model (all P<0.05). Body mass index( OR=1.242, 95% CI 1.143-1.349, P<0.001), hemoglobin( OR=1.034, 95% CI 1.015-1.053, P<0.001), platelet( OR=1.005, 95% CI 1.002-1.009, P=0.005), uric acid( OR=1.004, 95% CI 1.001-1.006, P=0.004), high density lipoprotein cholesterol( OR=0.377, 95% CI 0.184-0.775, P=0.008) and urea nitrogen( OR=0.807, 95% CI 0.693-0.938, P=0.005) were protective factors for NAFLD in male patients..Body mass index( OR=1.552, 95% CI 1.366-1.762, P<0.001), triglyceride ( OR=2.606, 95% CI 1.616-4.204, P<0.001), blood glucose( OR=2.199, 95% CI 1.332-3.631, P=0.002), uric acid( OR=1.005, 95% CI 1.001-1.010, P=0.024) in female model were statistically significant ( P<0.05), and were risk factors for NAFLD in female patients. Conclusion:The incidence rate of NAFLD was different among different gender and age, body mass index, high density lipoprotein cholesterol, hemoglobin, platelet count, uric acid, urea nitrogen, triglyceride and blood glucose were closely related to the incidence of NAFLD.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881084

ABSTRACT

Esculetin, a natural derivative from the traditional and widely-used Chinese medicinal herb Cortex Fraxini, has a variety of pharmacological effects, especially in anti-inflammation. However, it is not clear whether esculetin has a therapeutic effect on sepsis. This study aimed to investigate the anti-inflammatory and protective effects of esculetin on early sepsis. The results showed that the lung injury was significantly relieved with the treatment of esculetin, accompanied with the restrained production of inflammatory factors including IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α, CCL2 and iNOS during the early phase of E.coli-induced sepsis. Of note, activation of NF-κB and STAT1/STAT3 signals, the main upstream signals of many inflammatory factors, were attenuated by esculetin in both lung tissues from septic mice and LPS-stimulated macrophage. These findings suggested that the protection of esculetin against early sepsis should be related to its anti-inflammatory effect, which was at least partly due to its inhibition on NF-κB and STAT1/STAT3 signaling pathway in macrophage. Thus, esculetin could serve as a potential therapeutic agent by rebalancing innate immune response in macrophage for the treatment of early sepsis.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879843

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the clinical features of pericardial effusion caused by central venous catheterization in preterm infants.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on 11 preterm infants with pericardial effusion caused by central venous catheterization. Their catheterization features, manifestations, treatment, and prognosis were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#A total of 11 preterm infants (11/2 599, 0.42%) developed pericardial effusion, with a mean gestational age of (30.1±2.6) weeks and a mean birth weight of (1 240±234) g. Pericardial effusion mostly occurred within 4 days after central venous catheterization (10 cases, 91%). The main manifestations included poor response (6/11, 55%), cyanosis (5/11, 45%), increased respiratory rate (6/11, 55%), increased heart rate (6/11, 55%), aggravated dyspnea (5/11, 45%), and muffled heart sound (5/11, 45%). At the time of disease progression, 7 preterm infants (64%) had a deep position of the end of the catheter, 3 preterm infants (27%) had a correct position, and 1 preterm infant (9%) had a shallow position. Five preterm infants (45%) experienced cardiac tamponade, among whom 4 underwent pericardiocentesis. Seven preterm infants were given conservative medical treatment. Among the 11 children, 2 (18%) died and 9 (82%) improved.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Pericardial effusion caused by central venous catheterization mostly occurs in the early stage of catheterization and has critical clinical manifestations. Pericardiocentesis is required for cardiac tamponade, and early diagnosis and intervention can effectively improve prognosis.


Subject(s)
Catheterization, Central Venous/adverse effects , Child , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Pericardial Effusion/therapy , Pericardiocentesis , Retrospective Studies
7.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 211-214, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879726

ABSTRACT

We performed this study to evaluate the clinical outcomes of microdissection testicular sperm extraction-intracytoplasmic sperm injection (micro-TESE-ICSI) treatment that used fresh or cryopreserved sperm in patients with nonobstructive azoospermia (NOA). A total of 338 NOA patients with 344 consecutive cycles received treatment in the reproductive medicine center of Peking University Third Hospital in Beijing, China, from January 2014 to December 2017. Fresh oocytes and fresh sperm were used in 222 patients with 234 cycles (Group A). Fresh oocytes and cryopreserved sperm were used in 116 patients with 110 cycles (Group B). We compared patient characteristics, embryonic development, and pregnancy outcomes between Groups A and B. There was no statistical difference in the patient characteristics, and no differences were observed with fertilization or quality embryo rates between Groups A and B. The rates of clinical pregnancy and live birth were both higher for Group A than those for Group B (both P < 0.05). In conclusion, fresh testicular sperm appears to produce better ICSI outcomes than cryopreserved testicular sperm in patients with NOA.

8.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 41-46, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879716

ABSTRACT

Here, we developed a prostate cancer (PCa) risk nomogram including lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio (LMR) for initial prostate biopsy, and internal and external validation were further conducted. A prediction model was developed on a training set. Significant risk factors with P < 0.10 in multivariate logistic regression models were used to generate a nomogram. Discrimination, calibration, and clinical usefulness of the model were assessed using C-index, calibration plot, and decision curve analysis (DCA). The nomogram was re-examined with the internal and external validation set. A nomogram predicting PCa risk in patients with prostate-specific antigen (PSA) 4-10 ng ml

9.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 59-63, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879704

ABSTRACT

The aim of our study was to compare the sperm retrieval rates (SRRs) and clinical outcomes of patients with different causes of azoospermia who underwent microdissection testicular sperm extraction-intracytoplasmic sperm injection (micro-TESE-ICSI). We conducted a retrospective study at the Reproductive Medicine Center of Peking University Third Hospital in Beijing, China, from January 2014 to December 2017. This study examined 769 patients with nonobstructive azoospermia who underwent 347 cycles of micro-TESE-ICSI. Patients with azoospermia were classified into Group A (Klinefelter syndrome, n = 284, 125 cycles), Group B (azoospermia Y chromosome factor c [AZFc] microdeletion, n = 91, 64 cycles), Group C (cryptorchidism, n = 52, 39 cycles), Group D (previous mumps and bilateral orchitis, n = 23, 23 cycles), and Group E (idiopathic azoospermia, n = 319, 96 cycles). Clinical characteristics, SRR, embryonic development, and pregnancy outcomes of the patients were compared between all groups. Patients in Group D had the highest and most successful SRR. The average SRR for all patients was 46.0%. The rates of clinical pregnancy, implantation, and live birth in Group D were 78.3%, 65.0%, and 74.0%, respectively, which were higher than those in all other groups (P 0.05). Patients with orchitis had the highest SRR and best clinical outcomes. Although AZFc microdeletion patients had a higher SRR, their clinical outcomes were worse.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-847079

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Exosomes derived from mesenchymal stem cells can reduce myocardial ischemia and reperfusion injury, but there are some problems such as short half-life, fast clearance and low targeting. OBJECTIVE: To modify and encapsulate exosomes with temperature-sensitive chitosan hydrogel to increase the retention rate of exosomes in the body, and to achieve better therapeutic effect. METHODS: Cell transfection method was used to knock down piR823 in exosomes derived from umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells, and the effect of knockdown of piR823 exosomes on the proliferation and apoptosis of C2C12 cells was detected. Chitosan/β-sodium glycerophosphate temperature-sensitive hydrogel was prepared and mixed directly with exosomes to prepare chitosan/β-sodium glycerophosphate temperature-sensitive hydrogel encapsulated with exosomes. The gel-forming properties, rheology and in vitro sustained release properties of the hydrogel after encapsulation of exosomes were tested. Thirty C57BL/6J mice were taken to establish hind limb ischemia models, and randomly divided into five groups. The gastrocnemius of group A was injected with PBS; group B was injected with chitosan/β-sodium glycerophosphate temperature-sensitive hydrogel; and group C was injected with exosomes-encapsulated chitosan/β-sodium glycerophosphate temperature-sensitive hydrogel; group D was injected with exosomes; group E was injected with exosomes knocking down piR823. Limb function and recovery, blood flow, grip strength, exercise endurance and muscle regeneration were detected in each group. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: (1) Exosomes knocking down piR823 inhibited the proliferation of C2C12 cells; normal exosomes inhibited hydrogen peroxide-induced apoptosis of C2C12 cells. The inhibitory effect of exosomes on apoptosis was weakened after piR823 was knocked down. (2) The hydrogel encapsulating exosomes had gel-forming properties, but the gel-forming time was shortened, and it could slowly and continuously release exosomes for more than 30 days. (3) After 28 days of hindlimb ischemia, the blood flow recovery of the left limb in group C was better than that in groups B and D (P < 0.05); it in group D was better than group E (P < 0.05); the grip strength, endurance, running time and distance of group C were better than those of groups D and B (P < 0.05), and above indexes in group D were better than in group E (P < 0.05). Muscle regeneration was better in group C than in groups B and D (P < 0.05), and it in group D was better than group E (P < 0.05). (4) The results showed that encapsulation of exosomes by chitosan/β-sodium glycerophosphate temperature-sensitive hydrogel prolonged the residence time of exosomes in vivo, significantly enhanced blood perfusion and recovery of tissue function after ischemia, and the treatment effect was more significant.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878889

ABSTRACT

Three compounds, including scolosprine C(1), uracil(2) and hypoxanthine(3), were isolated and purified from the ethyl acetate fraction of centipede by silica gel normal-phase column chromatography, reversed-phase medium pressure preparation chromatography, and high-pressure semi-preparative HPLC. The structure was elucidated through a combination of spectroscopic analyses [such as nuclear magnetic resonance(NMR) and mass spectrometry(MS)] and literature review. Among them, compound 1 was a new quinoline alkaloid. In previous reports, we have described the isolation and structure elucidation of one new and two known quinoline alkaloids. In this paper, we would report the isolation and structure elucidation of scolosprine C in detail.


Subject(s)
Alkaloids , Animals , Arthropods , Chilopoda , Quinolines
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878408

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To assess the treatment outcome of patients who completed their orthodontic treatment by using Andrews' six elements and the American Board of Orthodontic (ABO) objective grading system (OGS); to determine whether Andrews' six elements can be used as a new assessment system for patients who completed their orthodontic treatment.@*METHODS@#A total of 160 patients who completed their orthodontic treatment were included in the study. The participants were randomly selected from patients who completed their orthodontic procedures in Kunming Medical University Affiliated Stomatological Hospital during the period of 2015 to 2019. The retrospective completed cases were examined in accordance with the Andrews' six elements and ABO measuring scales. Scores were assigned to each tooth in each category. All the measurement items in both evaluation criteria, the composite category score, and the total score were calculated. The passing and potential passing rates of the completed cases were compared with two measuring scales via the Chi-square test.@*RESULTS@#The passing rate for the evaluation of cases by using the Andrews' six elements measuring scale was 83.8%, and that for the evaluation of cases by using the ABO measuring scale was 86.3%. The differences in achieving the standard between the cases of Andrews' six elements and ABO-OGS via the Chi-square test were statistically insignificant (@*CONCLUSIONS@#The performance of Andrews' six elements was comparable with that of ABO-OGS in assessing the treatment outcome of patients who completed their orthodontic treatment. Andrews' six elements can be used as a new system for assessing the treatment outcome of patients who completed their orthodontic treatment. It demonstrated particular advantage in controlling facial profile, and had just completed material of patients who completed their orthodontic treatment it can measure. The Andrews' six elements measuring scale is convenient to disseminate and use.


Subject(s)
Dental Care , Humans , Incisor , Orthodontics , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
13.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 326-333, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878020

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Anterior thalamic nuclei (ATN) deep brain stimulation (DBS) is an effective method of controlling epilepsy, especially temporal lobe epilepsy. Mossy fiber sprouting (MFS) plays an indispensable role in the pathogenesis and progression of epilepsy, but the effect of ATN-DBS on MFS in the chronic stage of epilepsy and the potential underlying mechanisms are unknown. This study aimed to investigate the effect of ATN-DBS on MFS, as well as potential signaling pathways by a kainic acid (KA)-induced epileptic model.@*METHODS@#Twenty-four rhesus monkeys were randomly assigned to control, epilepsy (EP), EP-sham-DBS, and EP-DBS groups. KA was injected to establish the chronic epileptic model. The left ATN was implanted with a DBS lead and stimulated for 8 weeks. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, Western blotting, and immunofluorescence staining were used to evaluate MFS and levels of potential molecular mediators in the hippocampus. One-way analysis of variance, followed by the Tukey post hoc correction, was used to analyze the statistical significance of differences among multiple groups.@*RESULTS@#ATN-DBS is found to significantly reduce seizure frequency in the chronic stage of epilepsy. The number of ectopic granule cells was reduced in monkeys that received ATN stimulation (P < 0.0001). Levels of 3',5'-cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) and protein kinase A (PKA) in the hippocampus, together with Akt phosphorylation, were noticeably reduced in monkeys that received ATN stimulation (P = 0.0030 and P = 0.0001, respectively). ATN-DBS also significantly reduced MFS scores in the hippocampal dentate gyrus and CA3 sub-regions (all P < 0.0001).@*CONCLUSION@#ATN-DBS is shown to down-regulate the cAMP/PKA signaling pathway and Akt phosphorylation and to reduce the number of ectopic granule cells, which may be associated with the reduced MFS in chronic epilepsy. The study provides further insights into the mechanism by which ATN-DBS reduces epileptic seizures.


Subject(s)
Adenosine Monophosphate , Anterior Thalamic Nuclei , Cyclic AMP-Dependent Protein Kinases , Deep Brain Stimulation , Epilepsy/therapy , Epilepsy, Temporal Lobe/therapy , Hippocampus , Humans , Mossy Fibers, Hippocampal , Signal Transduction
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876164

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the current status of smoking attempt among adolescents in Jiading District of Shanghai and to explore the influencing factors so as to provide suggestions for further intervention and control of tobacco smoking among adolescents. Methods:A total of 3 745 students from grade one to grade three from seven junior high school in Jiading District, Shanghai, were selected to participate in the survey by stratified cluster random sampling method. Anonymous internet questionnaire survey was conducted and the survey data, including main demographic information and smoking attempt, was analyzed by binary logistic regression test. Smoking attempt was defined as the teenagers had smoked at least one puff prior to the time of questionnaire survey. Results:A total of 3 630 valid questionnaires were collected and the rate was 96.9%(3 630/3 745). Overall 4.4%(158/3 630) of participants had smoking attempt. The results of binary logistic regression test showed that compared with women, men had higher risk of attempted smoking (P<0.05). Compared with registered residence in Shanghai, the risk of smoking behavior was higher among adolescents who were not registered residence in Shanghai (P<0.05). Smoking behavior among family members, classmates and friends were risk factors for adolescents to attempt smoking (P<0.05). When the number of family smoker was higher than 2, the risk of young students trying to smoke was significantly higher (P<0.05). Compared with the students who believed smoking was harmful to adolescents' health, it was a risk factor for those who considered trying to smoke might be harmful or harmless to try smoking (P<0.05). Conclusion:Smoking control in Jiading District schools has achieved some success, and the proportion of teenagers trying to smoke is low. However, further enhancement of smoking control among young people is still in need and we should devote more attention on male adolescents with non-Shanghai residence registration, and family smoke-free environment.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878961

ABSTRACT

The Qinling-Daba Mountains area is the main producing areas of Gynostemma longipes for medicinal usage, and samples of wild whole plants in Pingli, Shaanxi Province and Qingchuan, Sichuan Province were collected. The ultra-high performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry(UHPLC-Q-TOF-MS~E) was used to profile the chemical compositions and analyze the similarities and differences of G. longipes samples in these areas. Based on the accurate molecular weight and fragment information obtained from Q-TOF-MS~E, the structures of the main components were identified by combining with the mass spectra, chromatographic behaviors of reference standards and related literatures. The results showed that the components of wild G. longipes from different places among Qinling-Daba Mountains area were similar. Forty-five chemical components were identified in the whole plant of G. longipes from Pingli, Shaanxi Province, including 43 triterpenoid saponins and 2 flavonoids which contain all main peaks in its fingerprint. The main components are dammarane-type triterpenoid saponins, such asgypenoside ⅩLⅨ, gypenoside A and its malonylated product of glycosyl.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Gynostemma , Mass Spectrometry , Saponins
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878943

ABSTRACT

By preparing 15 batches of substance benchmarks of Taohong Siwu Decoction, the methodology of the characteristic spectrums of substance benchmarks was established. The paste-forming rate range, the contents and the transfer rate range of the index components, hydroxy safflower yellow A, ferulic acid and paeoniflorin, the characteristic peaks and the similarity range of the characteristic spectrums of Taohong Siwu Decoction were determined to define key quality attributes of substance benchmarks of Taohong Siwu Decoction.In the 15 batches of substance benchmarks of Taohong Siwu Decoction, the similarity of characteristic spectrums was higher than 0.9. Furthermore, based on summarization of the characteristic peak information, there were 13 characteristic peaks in the whole decoction. Baishao had three characteristic peaks, Honghua had seven characteristic peaks, and Chuanxiong and Danggui had three characteristic peaks. The paste-forming rate of the 15 batches of substance benchmarks was controlled at 33.11%-40.62%. The content of hydroxy safflower yellow A was 0.129%-0.203%, with the average transfer rate of 16.596%±0.669%.The content of ferulic acid was 0.043%-0.055%, with the average transfer rate of 20.489%±1.772%.The content of paeoniflorin was 0.676%-0.943%, with the average transfer rate of 29.112%±3.273%.The quality value transfer of substance benchmarks of classical prescription Taohong Siwu Decoction was analyzed by the combination of characteristic spectrums, paste-forming rate and the content of index components. The established substance benchmark quality evaluation method was stable and feasible, and could provide a basis for quality control and subsequent development of relevant preparations of Taohong Siwu Decoction.


Subject(s)
Benchmarking , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Quality Control
17.
Tianjin Medical Journal ; (12): 141-145, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815598

ABSTRACT

@#Objective A case of congenital renal diabetes insipidus caused by mutation of arginine vasopressin receptor 2 (AVPR2) gene was reported to explore the clinical significance of AVPR2 gene mutation in congenital nephrotic diabetes insipidus and improve the understanding of the disease. Methods The clinical data of proband and his parents were retrospectively analyzed, and the related literature was reviewed. All exons of AVPR2 were amplified by PCR, and the amplified products were purified and sequenced in two directions. Results The clinical manifestations of the children were recurrent fever and hypernatremia, and hyperchloremia was difficult to correct. There was no abnormality in pituitary nuclear magnetic resonance in the child at the beginning. Short T1 signal disappeared in the posterior pituitary lobe after reexamination. Central diabetes insipidus was not excluded from clinical practice. However, vasopressin test supported renal diabetes insipidus, which caused troubles in clinical diagnosis. The treatment of vasopressin acetate tablets was ineffective. The results of gene analysis confirmed that mutations were found in the subregion of AVPR2 gene in the proband: c.359T (thymine)>G (guanine) caused amino acid changes: p.Met120Arg, which was located on the X chromosome, and the mother of the patient was the carrier of the mutation of AVPR2 gene. Clinical application of hydrochlorothiazide and amiloride in the treatment of the child with urinary volume significantly reduced, confirmed as congenital renal diabetes insipidus. Conclusion Congenital renal diabetes insipidus in infants and young children is rare and its clinical manifestations are not specific. It can only be manifested by repeated fever and electrolyte disturbance, which causes troubles in clinical diagnosis. AVPR2 gene detection can be used for screening and gene diagnosis of congenital renal diabetes insipidus.

18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785344

ABSTRACT

The current document is based on a consensus reached by a panel of experts from the Chinese Society of Allergy and the Chinese Society of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Rhinology Group. Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) affects approximately 8% of Chinese adults. The inflammatory and remodeling mechanisms of CRS in the Chinese population differ from those observed in the populations of European descent. Recently, precision medicine has been used to treat inflammation by targeting key biomarkers that are involved in the process. However, there are no CRS guidelines or a consensus available from China that can be shared with the international academia. The guidelines presented in this paper cover the epidemiology, economic burden, genetics and epigenetics, mechanisms, phenotypes and endotypes, diagnosis and differential diagnosis, management, and the current status of CRS in China. These guidelines—with a focus on China—will improve the abilities of clinical and medical staff during the treatment of CRS. Additionally, they will help international agencies in improving the verification of CRS endotypes, mapping of eosinophilic shifts, the identification of suitable biomarkers for endotyping, and predicting responses to therapies. In conclusion, these guidelines will help select therapies, such as pharmacotherapy, surgical approaches and innovative biotherapeutics, which are tailored to each of the individual CRS endotypes.


Subject(s)
Adult , Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Biomarkers , China , Consensus , Diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential , Drug Therapy , Eosinophils , Epidemiology , Epigenomics , Genetics , Humans , Hypersensitivity , Inflammation , International Agencies , Medical Staff , Neck , Phenotype , Precision Medicine
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781460

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinical efficacy and side effects of reduced-dose of cyclophosphamide combined cyclosporine A for severe aplastic anemia(SAA) children.@*METHODS@#Ten pediatric patients with SAA from January 2008 to May 2012 were enrolled. All the patients were treated with reduced dose of cyclophosphamide combined cyclosporine A. The dose of cyclophosphamide was 30 mg/(kg·d)×4 d, the dose of cyclosporine A gradually increased >15 mg/L accroding to the blood concentration.@*RESULTS@#The median follow-up time of the 10 pediatric patients was 100 months (6-126 months). Among 10 children with SAA, 4 cases achieved complete response(CR), 3 cases obtained partial response (PR) and the overall response rate was 70%, the remaining 3 cases showed no response (NR). One refractory patient treated by cyclophosphamide was progressed to paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria(PNH) at 25 months and was dead at 42 months after therapy.@*CONCLUSION@#The results show that reduced-dose cyclophosphamide (30 mg/kg·d for 4 consecutive days) combinated with CsA (initial dose 4 mg/kg·d, and drugvallery concentration >150 ng/ml) can make 7 of 10 children with severe aplastic anemia achieve complete response or partial response, and this regimen may be the second line regimen selected for some SAA children.

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