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1.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 391-396, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-962479

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effectiveness, safety, economy, innovation, suitability and accessibility of recombinant Mycobacterium tuberculosis fusion protein (EC), and to provide evidence for selecting skin detection methods for tuberculosis infection diagnosis and auxiliary diagnosis of tuberculosis. METHODS The effectiveness and safety of EC compared with purified protein derivative of tuberculin (TB-PPD) were analyzed by the method of systematic review. Cost minimization analysis, cost-effectiveness analysis and cost-utility analysis were used to evaluate the short-term economy of EC compared with TB-PPD, and cost-utility analysis was used to evaluate the long-term economy. The evaluation dimensions of innovation, suitability and accessibility were determined by systematic review and improved Delphi expert consultation, and the comprehensive score of EC and TB-PPD in each dimension were calculated by the weight of each indicator. RESULTS The scores of effectiveness, safety, economy, innovation and suitability of EC were all higher than those of TB-PPD. The affordability scores of the two drugs were consistent, while the availability score of EC was lower than those of TB-PPD. After considering dimensions and index weight, the scores of effectiveness, safety, economy, innovation, suitability, accessibility and the comprehensive score of EC were all higher than those of TB-PPD. CONCLUSIONS Compared with TB-PPD, EC performs better in all dimensions of effectiveness, safety, economy, innovation, suitability and accessibility. However, it is worth noting that EC should further improve its availability in the dimension of accessibility.

2.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 65-70, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971151

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the clinical effects of island posterior femoral composite tissue flaps in the repair of sinus cavity pressure ulcers in the areas of ischial tuberosity and greater trochanter. Methods: The retrospective observational study was conducted. From December 2018 to December 2021, 23 patients with sinus cavity pressure ulcers in the areas of ischial tuberosity and greater trochanter who met the inclusion criteria were admitted to Ganzhou People's Hospital, including 16 males and 7 females, aged 45 to 86 years. The size of pressure ulcers in ischial tuberosity ranged from 1.5 cm×1.0 cm to 8.0 cm×5.0 cm, and the size of pressure ulcers in greater trochanter ranged from 4.0 cm×3.0 cm to 20.0 cm×10.0 cm before debridement. After treatment of underlying diseases, debridement and vacuum sealing drainage for 5 to 14 days were performed. All the wounds were repaired by island posterior femoral composite tissue flaps, with area of 4.5 cm×3.0 cm-24.0 cm×12.0 cm, pedicle width of 3-5 cm, pedicle length of 5-8 cm, and rotation radius of 30-40 cm. Most of the donor site wounds were sutured directly, and only 4 donor site wounds were repaired by intermediate thickness skin graft from the contralateral thigh. The survival of composite tissue flaps, wound healing of the donor and recipient sites and the complications were observed. The recurrence of pressure ulcers, and the appearance and texture of flaps were observed during follow-up. Results: A total of 32 wounds in 23 patients were repaired by island posterior femoral composite tissue flaps (including 3 fascio subcutaneous flaps, 24 fascial flaps+fascio subcutaneous flaps, 2 fascial flaps+fascial dermal flaps, 2 fascial flaps+fascio subcutaneous flaps+femoral biceps flaps, and one fascial flap+fascio subcutaneous flap+gracilis muscle flap). Among them, 31 composite tissue flaps survived well, and a small portion of necrosis occurred in one fascial flap+fascio subcutaneous flap post surgery. The survival rate of composite tissue flap post surgery was 96.9% (31/32). Twenty-nine wounds in the recipient sites were healed, and 2 wounds were torn at the flap pedicle due to improper postural changes, and healed one week after bedside debridement. One wound was partially necrotic due to the flap bruising, and healed 10 days after re-debridement. Thirty-one wounds in the donor sites (including 4 skin graft areas) were healed, and one wound in the donor site was torn due to improper handling at discharge, and healed 15 days after re-debridement and suture. The complication rate was 12.5% (4/32), mainly the incision dehiscence of the flap pedicle and the donor sites (3 wounds), followed by venous congestion at the distal end of flap (one wound). During the follow-up of 3 to 24 months, the pressure ulcers did not recur and the flaps had good appearance and soft texture. Conclusions: The island posterior femoral composite tissue flaps has good blood circulation, large rotation radius, and sufficient tissue volume. It has a high survival rate, good wound healing, low skin grafting rate in the donor site, few postoperative complications, and good long-term effect in the repair of sinus cavity pressure ulcers in the areas of ischial tuberosity and greater trochanter.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Pressure Ulcer/etiology , Soft Tissue Injuries/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Skin Transplantation , Femur/surgery , Necrosis/surgery , Perforator Flap
3.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1430-1438, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980942

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#This study aimed to develop a comprehensive instrument for evaluating and ranking clinical practice guidelines, named Scientific, Transparent and Applicable Rankings tool (STAR), and test its reliability, validity, and usability.@*METHODS@#This study set up a multidisciplinary working group including guideline methodologists, statisticians, journal editors, clinicians, and other experts. Scoping review, Delphi methods, and hierarchical analysis were used to develop the STAR tool. We evaluated the instrument's intrinsic and interrater reliability, content and criterion validity, and usability.@*RESULTS@#STAR contained 39 items grouped into 11 domains. The mean intrinsic reliability of the domains, indicated by Cronbach's α coefficient, was 0.588 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.414, 0.762). Interrater reliability as assessed with Cohen's kappa coefficient was 0.774 (95% CI: 0.740, 0.807) for methodological evaluators and 0.618 (95% CI: 0.587, 0.648) for clinical evaluators. The overall content validity index was 0.905. Pearson's r correlation for criterion validity was 0.885 (95% CI: 0.804, 0.932). The mean usability score of the items was 4.6 and the median time spent to evaluate each guideline was 20 min.@*CONCLUSION@#The instrument performed well in terms of reliability, validity, and efficiency, and can be used for comprehensively evaluating and ranking guidelines.


Subject(s)
Humans , Reproducibility of Results , Surveys and Questionnaires , Practice Guidelines as Topic
4.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 721-727, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988716

ABSTRACT

The gradual relaxation of COVID-19 restrictions in China has increased the risk of imported dengue fever cases and may further prompt the outbreak. Systematic assessment of disease burden is crucial to improving prevention and control strategies, and resource allocation of dengue fever in China. After reviewing the definition, classification of disease burden, epidemiological evaluation methods such as potential years of life lost (PYLL) and disability adjusted of life years (DALY), as well as economic evaluation methods such as step-by-step model method and human capital method, this article systematically summarizes the application of mixed models and catalytic models in quantifying the disease burden of latent dengue infected individuals, as well as the current research status and limitations of dengue disease burden in China, proposing suggestions for future assessment research on disease burden of dengue.

5.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 697-700, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986839

ABSTRACT

Objective: To report the perioperative management and robot-assisted minimally invasive surgery results of one case with malignant tumor of anal canal combined with severe abdominal distention. Methods: A 66-year-old male suffer from adenocarcinoma of anal canal (T3N0M0) with megacolon, megabladder and scoliosis. The extreme distention of the colon and bladder result in severe abdominal distention. The left diaphragm moved up markedly and the heart was moved to the right side of the thoracic cavity. Moreover, there was also anal stenosis with incomplete intestinal obstruction. Preoperative preparation: fluid diet, intravenous nutrition and repeated enema to void feces and gas in the large intestine 1 week before operation. Foley catheter was placed three days before surgery and irrigated with saline. After relief of abdominal distention, robotic-assisted abdominoperineal resection+ subtotal colectomy+colostomy was performed. Results: Water intake within 6 hours post-operatively; ambulance on Day 1; anal passage of gas on Day 2; semi-fluid diet on Day 3; safely discharged on Day 6. Conclusion: Robotic-assisted minimally invasive surgery is safe and feasible for patients with malignant tumor of anal canal combined with severe abdominal distention after appropriate and effective preoperative preparation to relieve abdominal distention.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Aged , Anal Canal/surgery , Colon/surgery , Colectomy , Anus Diseases/surgery , Adenocarcinoma/surgery , Digestive System Abnormalities/surgery
6.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 650-655, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986834

ABSTRACT

The theory of membrane anatomy has been widely used in the field of colorectal surgery. The key point to perform high quality total mesorectal excision (TME) and complete mesocolic excision (CME) is to identify the correct anatomical plane. Intraoperative identification of the various fasciae and fascial spaces is the key to accessing the correct surgical plane and surgical success. The landmark vessels refer to the small vessels that originate from the original peritoneum on the surface of the abdominal viscera during embryonic development and are produced by the fusion of the fascial space. From the point of view of embryonic development, the abdominopelvic fascial structure is a continuous unit, and the landmark vessels on its surface do not change morphologically with the fusion of fasciae and have a specific pattern. Drawing on previous literature and clinical surgical observations, we believe that tiny vessels could be used to identify various fused fasciae and anatomical planes. This is a specific example of membrane anatomical surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Mesentery/surgery , Colonic Neoplasms/surgery , Colorectal Surgery , Digestive System Surgical Procedures , Peritoneum/surgery , Rectal Neoplasms/surgery , Laparoscopy
7.
Sichuan Mental Health ; (6): 216-221, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986743

ABSTRACT

BackgroundSuicide is one of the serious public health problems worldwide. The relationship between suicide and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) may vary in different regions and different age. It is necessary to further investigate the relationship between NLR and suicidal ideation in Chinese children and adolescents with depression. ObjectiveTo explore the correlation between NLR and suicidal ideation in children and adolescents with depression, so as to provide clues for exploring the biomarkers of suicide. MethodsA retrospective analysis of 536 children and adolescents with depression who were hospitalized in the Third People's Hospital of Fuyang from January 2020 to December 2022 and met the diagnostic criteria of the International Classification of Diseases, tenth edition (ICD-10) was performed. Patients were divided into two groups according to whether they reported suicidal ideation. Demographic data, discharge diagnosis, Hamilton Depression Scale-17 item (HAMD-17) score and hematological test data (neutrophil counts, lymphocyte counts) on the second day were collected from medical records. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to determine the optimal cut-off point of NLR for predicting suicidal ideation in children and adolescents with depression, and binary Logistic regression was used to analyze the risk factors for suicidal ideation. ResultsAmong the 536 patients, 429 cases (80.04%) had no suicidal ideation, and 107 cases (19.96%) had suicidal ideation. Compared with patients without suicidal ideation, the HAMD-17 score [(25.28±8.86) vs. (21.21±8.46), F=19.400, P<0.01], neutrophil level [(3.85±1.68)×109/L vs. (3.15±1.14)×109/L, Z=4.073, P<0.01], and NLR level [(1.96±1.50) vs. (1.52±0.71), Z=3.532, P<0.01] in the suicidal ideation patients were significantly higher. The optimal critical NLR value determined by the ROC curve was 1.52 (59.80% sensitivity, 58.50% specificity), with an area under the curve of 0.610. Logistic regression analysis showed that the risk of suicidal ideation was 1.94 times higher in those with high NLR than in the low NLR after controlling for age, sex, age at onset, duration of illness, and HAMD-17 score (OR=1.940, 95% CI: 1.251~3.009, P=0.003). ConclusionNLR may be a risk factor and potential biomarker influencing suicidal ideation in the children and adolescents with first-episode depression. [Funded by Scientific Research Project of Fuyang Municipal Health Commission (number, FY2020xg14)]

8.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1139-1145, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985645

ABSTRACT

Objective: To construct a cervical cancer risk prediction model based on nested case-control study design and Yinzhou Health Information Platform in Ningbo, and provide reliable reference for self-risk assessment of cervical cancer in local women. Methods: In local women aged 25-75 years old who had no history of cervical cancer registered in Yinzhou before October 31, 2018, a follow up was conducted for at least three years, the patients who developed cervical cancer during the follow up period were selected as the case group and matched with a control group at a ratio of 1∶10. The prediction indicators before the onset was used in model construction. Variables were selected by Lasso-logistic regression, the variables with non-zero β were selected to fit the logistic regression model and Bootstrap was used for internal validation. The discrimination of the model was evaluated by area under the receiver operating characteristic curve(AUROC), and the calibration was evaluated by calibration curve and Hosmer-Lemeshow test. Results: The prediction indicators included in the final model were age, smoking status, history of cervicitis, history of adenomyosis, HPV testing, and thinprep cytologic test. The AUROC calculated in the internal validation was 0.740 (95%CI:0.739-0.740), and the calibration curve was almost identical with the ideal curve, P=0.991 in Hosmer-Lemeshow test, indicating that the model discrimination and calibration were good. Conclusions: In this study, a simple and practical cervical cancer risk prediction model was developed. The model can be used in general population with strong interpretability, good discrimination and calibration in internal validation, which can provide a reference for women to assess their risk of cervical cancer.

9.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1322-1330, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980833

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Current guidelines recommend hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) screening in high-risk populations. However, the ideal HCC screening interval and screening modality have not been determined. This study aimed to compare the screening efficacy among different modalities with various intervals.@*METHODS@#PubMed and other nine databases were searched through June 30, 2021. Binary outcomes were pooled using risk ratio (RR) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Survival rates were also pooled using RR with 95% CIs because most eligible studies only provided the number of survival patients instead of hazard ratio.@*RESULTS@#In all, 13 studies were included. Two random controlled trials (RCTs) and six cohort studies compared screening intervals for ultrasonography (US) screening and found no significant differences between shorter (3- or 4-month) and longer (6- or 12-month) screening intervals in terms of early HCC proportion, HCC significant mortality, 1-year survival rate; screening at 6-month interval significantly increased the proportion of early HCC (RR = 1.17, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.08-1.26) and prolonged the 5-year survival rate (RR = 1.39, 95% CI: 1.07-1.82) relative to the 12-month interval results. Three other RCTs and two cohort studies compared different screening modalities in cirrhosis or chronic hepatitis B, which indicated no statistical differences in the proportion of early HCC (RR = 0.89, 95% CI: 0.40-1.96) and HCC mortality (RR = 0.69, 95% CI: 0.23-2.09) between the biannual US and annual computed tomography (CT screening). Biannual US screening showed a lower proportion of early HCC than biannual magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) (RR = 0.60, 95% CI: 0.37-0.97) and biannual US combined with annual CT (RR = 1.31, 95% CI: 1.13-1.51) screening. The proportion of early HCC in the contrast-enhanced US group was slightly higher than that in the B-mode US (RR = 1.08, 95% CI: 1.00-1.23) group.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The evidence suggests that 6 months may be the best HCC screening interval for US screening. The effectiveness of CT and MRI is better than US during same screening intervals. However, MRI and CT are more expensive than US, and CT also can increase the risk of radiation exposure. The selection of CT or MRI instead of US should be carefully considered.@*REGISTRATION@#No. CRD42020148258 at PROSPERO website ( https://www.crd.york.ac.uk/PROSPERO/ ).


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/pathology , Liver Neoplasms/pathology , Liver Cirrhosis/complications , Risk Factors , Cohort Studies
10.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1395-1398, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978641

ABSTRACT

AIM: To compare the efficacy of aflibercept and ranibizumab in the treatment of diabetic macular edema(DME).METHODS: Prospective randomized controlled trial. A total of 35 patients(60 eyes)with non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy complicated with DME confirmed in our hospital from June 2020 to September 2021 were included. Intravitreal injection was performed using the 3+PRN protocol in all cases, of which 17 cases(30 eyes)received aflibercept treatment(aflibercept group)and 18 cases(30 eyes)received ranibizumab(ranibizumab group). The two groups were followed up for 12mo, observing the central macular thickness(CMT)and the best corrected visual acuity(BCVA)of the two groups, and recording the number of intravitreal injections and the occurrence of complications.RESULTS: After treatment, CMT and BCVA in the aflibercept group were significantly better than that in the ranibizumab group at 1, 3, 6 and 12 mo(all P&#x003C;0.001). During the follow-up period, the number of intravitreal injections in the aflibercept group was lower than that in the ranibizumab group(4.23±0.86 vs. 6.40±0.97, P&#x003C;0.05), there were no serious complications such as drug-related adverse reactions, intraocular infection, and vascular embolism in either group.CONCLUSION: Both aflibercept and ranibizumab have clear efficacy and safety in the treatment of DME, and aflibercept may be a more effective and convenient treatment option than ranibizumab for DME patients.

11.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1367-1371, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978635

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the efficacy of pars plana vitrectomy(PPV)combined with preoperative intravitreal injection of conbercept in the treatment of proliferative diabetic retinopathy(PDR)and its effect on aqueous humor inflammatory factors.METHODS: A non-randomized controlled clinical trial was designed. The clinical data of 100 patients(100 eyes)with PDR who were admitted to the hospital from March 2019 to January 2022 were collected(the heavier eye was selected when both eyes had PDR, while the right eye was selected when the PDR degree was the same)and divided into control group and combined group according to their treatment wishes. The 48 eyes in the control group received PPV alone, and 52 eyes in the combined group received intravitreal injection of conbercept combined with PPV. Follow-up period was 12mo. The operative time, pre-and post-operative best corrected visual acuity(BCVA LogMAR), central retinal thickness(CRT)and postoperative complications in the two groups were statistically analyzed. And the levels of inflammatory factors(IL-6, IL-10, IFN-γ and TNF-α)in aqueous humor were compared between the two groups.RESULTS: Compared with the control group, the levels of inflammatory factors IL-6, IL-10, IFN-γ and TNF-α in aqueous humor in combination group were significantly decreased. The operation time of the combined group was significantly shorter than that of the control group, and the number of electrocoagulation, iatrogenic retinal hole and silicone oil filling were less in the combined group than those in the control group(all P&#x003C;0.05). There was no significant difference in preoperative BCVA and CRT between the two groups(all P&#x003E;0.05). The BCVA and CRT improved at 1, 6 and 12mo after surgery in both groups, but the improvement was more significant in the combined group(all P&#x003C;0.05). The postoperative incidence of complications in the combined group were lower than that in the control group(11.5% vs. 35.4%, P&#x003C;0.05). There was no significant difference in the recurrence rate of PDR between the two groups(P&#x003E;0.05).CONCLUSIONS: Intravitreal injection of conbercept combined with PPV in the treatment of PDR has a significant effect, which can shorten the operation time, inhibit the inflammatory effect, reduce postoperative complications, and contribute to the improvement of patients' vision.

12.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 24-33, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970033

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Data on the immunogenicity and safety of heterologous immunization schedules are inconsistent. This study aimed to evaluate the immunogenicity and safety of homologous and heterologous immunization schedules.@*METHODS@#Multiple databases with relevant studies were searched with an end date of October 31, 2021, and a website including a series of Coronavirus disease 2019 studies was examined for studies before March 31, 2022. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that compared different heterologous and homologous regimens among adults that reported immunogenicity and safety outcomes were reviewed. Primary outcomes included neutralizing antibodies against the original strain and serious adverse events (SAEs). A network meta-analysis (NMA) was conducted using a random-effects model.@*RESULTS@#In all, 11 RCTs were included in the systematic review, and nine were ultimately included in the NMA. Among participants who received two doses of CoronaVac, another dose of mRNA or a non-replicating viral vector vaccine resulted in a significantly higher level of neutralizing antibody than a third CoronaVac 600 sino unit (SU); a dose of BNT162b2 induced the highest geometric mean ratio (GMR) of 15.24, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 9.53-24.39. Following one dose of BNT162b2 vaccination, a dose of mRNA-1273 generated a significantly higher level of neutralizing antibody than BNT162b2 alone (GMR = 1.32; 95% CI: 1.06-1.64), NVX-CoV2373 (GMR = 1.60; 95% CI: 1.16-2.21), or ChAdOx1 (GMR = 1.80; 95% CI: 1.25-2.59). Following one dose of ChAdOx1, a dose of mRNA-1273 was also more effective for improving antibody levels than ChAdOx1 (GMR = 11.09; 95% CI: 8.36-14.71) or NVX-CoV2373 (GMR = 2.87; 95% CI: 1.08-3.91). No significant difference in the risk for SAEs was found in any comparisons.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Relative to vaccination with two doses of CoronaVac, a dose of BNT162b2 as a booster substantially enhances immunogenicity reactions and has a relatively acceptable risk for SAEs relative to other vaccines. For primary vaccination, schedules including mRNA vaccines induce a greater immune response. However, the comparatively higher risk for local and systemic adverse events introduced by mRNA vaccines should be noted.@*REGISTRATION@#PROSPERO; https://www.crd.york.ac.uk/PROSPERO/ ; No. CRD42021278149.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , BNT162 Vaccine , 2019-nCoV Vaccine mRNA-1273 , Network Meta-Analysis , Immunization Schedule , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19 Vaccines/adverse effects , Viral Vaccines , mRNA Vaccines , Antibodies, Neutralizing , Antibodies, Viral
13.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 971-996, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955217

ABSTRACT

In China, the survival rate of liver cancer remains low while the mortality rate is high. Effectively reducing the burden of liver cancer is still a major challenge in the field of public health and chronic disease prevention in the Chinese population. Optimizing screening strategies for liver cancer remains a profound approach to secondary prevention worthy of continuous explora-tion. This guideline was commissioned by the Bureau of Disease Control and Prevention of the National Health Commission. The National Cancer Center of China initiated the guideline develop-ment and convened a multidisciplinary expert panel and working group. Following the World Health Organization Handbook for Guideline Development, this guideline integrated the most up-to-date evidence of liver cancer screening, China′s national conditions, and existing practical experience in liver cancer screening. Evidence-based recommendations on the target population, screening technologies, surveillance strategies, and other key points across the process of liver cancer screening and surveillance management were provided. This guideline would help to standardize the practice of liver cancer screening in China.

14.
International Eye Science ; (12): 144-147, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906751

ABSTRACT

@#AIM:To evaluate the effect of Yangxue Runmu formula combined with sodium hyaluronate on dry eye after cataract surgery by ocular surface analyzer.<p>METHODS: Totally 80 patients with dry eye after cataract surgery in our hospital from June 2019 to December 2020 were selected and divided into control group and observation group by random number table method, 40 cases in each group. The control group was treated with sodium hyaluronate eye drops, and the observation group was treated with Yangxue Runmu formula combined with sodium hyaluronate eye drops. The index levels of ocular surface analyzer and fluorescein staining(FL)score were compared between the two groups.<p>RESULTS: After treatment, the wet length of tear film, first non-invasive tear break-up time(NIBUTf), average non-invasive tear break-up time(NIBUTav)and tear meniscus height(LTMH)in the two groups were markedly higher than those before treatment(all <i>P</i><0.01), and the observation group were markedly higher than those in the control group(<i>P</i><0.05); after treatment, the conjunctival hyperemia score, meibomian gland loss score, FL score in the two groups were markedly lower than those before treatment(all <i>P</i><0.01), and the observation group were markedly lower than those in the control group(all <i>P</i><0.01); there were no obvious adverse reactions in the two groups. <p>CONCLUSION: Through the evaluation and analysis of ocular surface analyzer, Yangxue Runmu formula combined with sodium hyaluronate can effectively improve the ocular surface function of patients after cataract surgery, and has good safety.

15.
Chinese Journal of Medical Aesthetics and Cosmetology ; (6): 45-48, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934486

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy of combined fascia sheath suspension (CFS) and frontalis muscle flap suspension in the treatment of severe congenital blepharoptosis.Methods:We searched PubMed, EMbase, Cochrane Library, web of science and Chinese Hownet, Wanfang, VIP, CBM and other databases to collect randomized and non-randomized controlled trials comparing the efficacy of CFS and frontalis muscle flap suspension in the treatment of severe congenital ptosis, from the establishment of literature retrieval database to March 2020; two researchers used RevMan 5.3 software to select and exclude the literature, extract the data and evaluate the quality, set up appropriate effect index and conduct Meta-analysis.Results:Eleven studies included 661 patients, There were 312 cases in study group and 349 cases in control group. The results of Meta analysis showed that the OR of the two groups was 4.88 with 95% CI (2.69, 8.85); the OR of failure rate was 0.20, with 95% CI (0.11, 0.37); the OR of complications was 0.22, with 95% CI (0.14, 0.34). All three groups of data were statistically significant ( P<0.05). Conclusions:The available evidence shows that the combined fascia sheath suspension (CFS) is effective in the treatment of severe congenital blepharoptosis compared with frontalis muscle flap suspension, but the complications of CFS are lower and the satisfaction is higher; these findings have yet to be validated by more high-quality studies due to limitations in the quality and quantity of studies included.

16.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 1623-1627, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989774

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze whether lower anticoagulation intensity can reduce the incidence of complications in patients with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO).Methods:Clinical data of 88 non-cardiac surgery patients who received ECMO support for more than 72 h were collected in the Extracorpical Life support Center of Jiangsu Province Hospital from March 2015 to March 2021. According to the average activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) level on the third day of ECMO, the patients were divided into the APTT < 50 s group ( n=53) and APTT ≥50 s group ( n=35). The venovenous ECMO (VV-ECMO) subgroup was divided into the APTT <50 s group ( n=23) and APTT ≥50 s group ( n=10). The venoarterial ECMO (VA-ECMO) subgroup was divided into the APTT <50 s group ( n=30) and APTT≥50 s group ( n=25). The average daily transfusion volume of red blood cells during ECMO, the incidence of bleeding, the incidence of thrombosis and all-cause mortality were compared between the two groups. Results:There were no significant differences in the incidence of thrombosis and all-cause mortality in the APTT <50 s group compared with the APTT ≥50 s group ( P>0.05), but the incidence of bleeding and the daily transfusion volume of red blood cells were significantly decreased (7.5% vs. 35.7%; 0.50 U vs. 0.88 U) ( P < 0.05). In 33 VV-ECMO patients, the all-cause mortality, incidence of bleeding, average daily transfusion volume of red blood cells in the APTT <50 s group were lower than those in the APTT ≥50 s group, and the incidence of thrombosis was higher, but there was no statistical difference between the two groups ( P>0.05). In the 55 VA-ECMO patients, there were no significant differences in all-cause mortality, incidence of bleeding, thrombosis and average daily transfusion volume of red blood cells between the two groups ( P > 0.05). Conclusions:The lower anticoagulation intensity in patients without anticoagulation can reduce the occurrence of bleeding in ECMO patients. It is reasonable for such patients to have a lower anticoagulation intensity and studies with larger sample size need to be carried out.

17.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 1618-1622, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989773

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the experience and effect of extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ECPR) in the treatment of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) in adults.Methods:The data of 40 adults with OHCA-ECPR in Emergency Department of the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from April 2015 to April 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were grouped by discharge survival/in-hospital death, with/without bystander resuscitation, and with/without interhospital transport. Age, sex, Charlson comorbidity index, initial rhythm, no-flow time, time from cardiac arrest to extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) initiation (CA-Pump On time), ECMO evacuation success rate, survival rate, ECMO treatment time, time-to-death, and length of hospital stay were analyzed.Results:①Among the 40 patients with OHCA-ECPR, 9 patients (22.5%) survived upon discharge, 7 (77.8%) of whom had good neurological outcomes.②The no-flow time in the survival group was significantly shorter than that in the death group, and the proportion of shockable initial rhythm was higher.③Bystander resuscitation greatly shortened the no-flow time.④The regional OHCA-ECPR interhospital transport extended the CA-Pump On time, without affecting patients’ prognosis.Conclusions:ECPR improves the prognosis of patients with OHCA. Bystander resuscitation greatly shortens the no-flow time. ECPR is significantly effective in patients with short no-flow time and shockable initial rhythm. Regional interhospital transport ECPR is recommended to benefit more patients with OHCA.

18.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 1612-1617, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989772

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the predictive value of platelet dynamics on the prognosis of 28-day in patients with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO).Methods:From January 2017 to December 2020, 60 patients from the Emergency Medicine Center of the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University received ECMO for life support. The baseline data of the patients were collected, the minimum value of platelets on day 1-7 of the machine was calculated, and the platelet change value and change rate were calculated. The patients were divided into the survival group and death group according to the 28-day survival status after ECMO was installed, and the receiver operating curve (ROC) was drawn based on the platelet change value and change rate to evaluate its predictive value for prognosis.Results:Among patients receiving VV-ECMO, the platelet change value and change rate on day 7 had the best prediction effect on the patient's 28-day outcome ( AUCΔPLT7=0.772, P=0.016; AUCΔPLT7%=0.764, P=0.020), when the platelet change value was 4×10 9/L as the critical value, the sensitivity was 0.857, the specificity was 0.615, and when the platelet change rate was -28.99% as the critical value, the sensitivity was 0.857, the specificity was 0.615, and when the platelet change rate was -28.99%. The sensitivity was 0.643 with a specificity of 0.846. In patients receiving VA-ECMO, the platelet change rate on day 6 predicted the best effect on the patient's 28-day outcome ( AUCΔPLT6%= 0.707, P = 0.045). When the platelet change rate was -26.19% as the critical value, the sensitivity was 0.842 and the specificity was 0.643. Conclusions:Platelet dynamic changes of platelets are correlated with the 28-day prognosis of patients receiving ECMO, and the combination of platelet change value and the critical value of change rate can better predict the poor prognosis of patients in both ECMO modes.

19.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 1608-1611, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989771

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the prognostic value of early lactate in patients with extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ECPR).Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed on the clinical data of patients with ECPR in the Emergency Medicine Department of The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from March 2015 to August 2021. The age, sex, etiology, initial rhythm, prognosis, blood lactate and pH of patients with ECPR were collected, and their difference between the deceased and survived patients was compared.Results:Totally 95 patients were enrolled, with an average age of 47 years; male accounted for 69.5%, and the survival rate was 29.5%. There was no significant difference in age and sex ratio between the deceased and survived patients. However, the deceased patients had a significant lower rate of shockable rhythms (31.3% vs. 60.8%), a higher level of lactate [16.4 (11.2, 19.1) vs. 9.2 (3.2, 15.0), mmol/L], and a lower pH [7.01 (6.88, 7.23) vs. 7.37 (7.10, 7.43)] than the survived patients. Multivariate binary logistic regression analysis showed that shockable rhythm [odds ratio ( OR) = 0.295, 95% confidence interval ( CI): 0.118-0.739), lactate ( OR=1.159, 95% CI: 1.068-1.258) and pH ( OR= 0.017, 95% CI: 0.002-0.157) were independent risk factors for poor prognosis. Furthermore, a lactate level >24 mmol/L was the best threshold to predict mortality with a specificity of 100%. Combined application, the cutoff point was lactate level>16 mmol/L and pH <6.828. Conclusions:Shockable rhythm, higher early lactate and lower pH value are independent risk factors for prognosis in patients with ECPR. Early lactate > 24 mmol/L or lactate > 16 mmol/L companied with pH < 6.828 are novel indicators of the termination of ECPR.

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Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 1603-1607, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989770

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the safety of early whole body computed tomography (WBCT) combined with coronary angiography (CAG) in patients with extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ECPR) and its application value in the diagnosis of cardiac arrest and complications of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR).Methods:This was a retrospective study. Patients who underwent ECPR in the Emergency Department of the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from January 2017 to July 2021 were enrolled in this research. Patients younger than 18 years or with incomplete clinical data were excluded. The results of WBCT and CAG examinations after ECPR were collected.Results:A total of 89 patients with ECPR, aged (47±17) years, were enrolled in the study, all underwent WBCT examination, and no adverse events such as ECMO and tracheal tube shedding occurred. WBCT found 7 cases of pulmonary embolism, 3 cases of aortic dissection and 2 cases of cerebral hemorrhage. WBCT identified CPR-related complications in 42 cases, including rib fractures ( n=20), pneumothorax ( n=5), mediastinal emphysema ( n=5), subcutaneous emphysema ( n=6), and hematoma or swelling at puncture site ( n=6). Fifty-five patients underwent CAG examination, the most common culprit vessels were the left anterior descending branch disease (58.2%) followed by the left circumflex branch disease (27.3%), the right coronary artery disease (21.8%) and left main artery disease (12.7%). Conclusions:Early WBCT and CAG examinations are of great significance and safety for the guidance of treatment in ECPR patients.

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