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1.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 521-526, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995408

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinicopathological features of de novo early colorectal cancer and to evaluate the efficacy of endoscopic treatment.Methods:Patients with de novo early colorectal cancer who underwent endoscopic resection in Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University from June 2020 to May 2022 were enrolled. The baseline data, endoscopic manifestations, treatment methods, postoperative pathological results and prognosis of the patients were collected retrospectively.Results:A total of 33 patients with de novo early colorectal cancer were enrolled with the age of 62.67 ± 8.62 years, and the male to female ratio was 7.25∶1. The long diameter of lesions was 0.96 ± 0.36 cm. The lesion morphology was mainly superficial phenotype (type 0-Ⅱ), accounting for 72.7% (24/33). Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) was performed in 29 cases and endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) was performed in 4 cases. Postoperative pathology showed that 11 cases (33.3%) were well differentiated tubular adenocarcinoma, of which the superficial submucosal layer was invaded in 2 cases. Twenty cases (60.6%) were moderately differentiated tubular adenocarcinoma, of which the superficial submucosa layer was invaded in 5 cases and the deep submucosa layer in 15 cases. Two cases (6.1%) were moderately-poorly differentiated tubular adenocarcinoma, where the deep submucosa layer was invaded in both. There was significant correlation between the depth of invasion and the degree of differentiation ( P<0.001), and moderately and moderately-poorly differentiated lesions were more likely to invade the deep submucosa layer. The en bloc resection rate was 100.0% (33/33), the complete resection rate was 97.0% (32/33), and the curative resection rate was 42.4% (14/33). Among the 19 patients who did not achieve curative resection, 13 patients received supplementary surgical treatment. No tumor residue or lymph node metastasis was found in the postoperative pathology. All patients were followed up for 3-25 months, and no signs of local recurrence or metastasis were found. Conclusion:Most de novo early colorectal cancers are superficial phenotype under endoscopy. The pathology is mainly moderately differentiated tubular adenocarcinoma. Endoscopic resection of de novo early colorectal cancer shows encouraging short-term efficacy.

2.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 104-108, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995365

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effects of hemoclips on preventing delayed bleeding for early gastric cancer (EGC) after endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD).Methods:Clinical data of 459 patients who underwent ESD for EGC in Beijing Friendship Hospital from June 2013 to August 2020 were collected retrospectively. Patients were divided into group A (hemoclip group, n=162) and group B (non-hemoclip group, n=297) according to whether preventive hemostatic clip treatment was performed after resection. Delayed bleeding within 2 weeks after ESD was observed. Univariate analysis and subgroup analysis were conducted for the delayed bleeding incidence and clinicopathological features. Results:Delayed bleeding incidences of group A and group B were 3.1% (5/162) and 8.1% (24/297) with significant difference between the two groups ( χ2=4.418, P=0.036). Subgroup analysis showed that there were significant differences in the delayed bleeding incidence between the two groups when the diameter of the tumor >20 mm [3.5% (2/57) VS 15.3% (13/85), χ2=5.016, P=0.025], the tumor located in the lower part of the stomach [1.0% (1/97) VS 10.4% (20/192), χ2=8.425, P=0.004], and the depth of tumor invasion was M/SM1 [3.2% (5/157) VS 8.1% (23/285), χ2=4.072, P=0.044]. There were no significant differences in the delayed bleeding incidence between group A and group B when the diameter of the tumor ≤20 mm, the tumor located in the upper/medial part of the stomach and the depth of tumor invasion was SM2 ( P>0.05). Conclusion:Hemoclips can prevent delayed bleeding after ESD for EGC, which is mainly observed in a tumor of diameter >20 mm, located in the lower part of the stomach and M/SM1 tumor invasion. It has little effect on the prevention when the tumor diameter ≤20 mm and located in the upper/medial part of the stomach.

3.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 546-551, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958292

ABSTRACT

Objective:To determine the accuracy and influencing factors for endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) in predicting the invasive depth of early gastric cancer (EGC).Methods:A retrospective analysis was conducted on data of patients with EGC who were staged T1 with EUS and were treated at Beijing Friendship Hospital from January 2014 to August 2020. The consistency between the invasive depth determined by EUS and postoperative pathology were compared, and the accuracy, the sensitivity and the specificity of EUS were calculated. Logistic regression model was used for univariate and multivariate analysis to explore the relevant factors that affected the accuracy of EUS.Results:A total of 380 lesions were included. While 301 intramucosal (T1a) lesions and 79 submucosal (T1b) lesions were detected with EUS, postoperative pathology diagnosed 320 T1a lesions and 60 T1b lesions. The accuracy of EUS in predicting the invasive depth of EGC was 77.1% (293/380), the sensitivity and the specificity were 83.4% (267/320) and 43.3% (26/60) respectively. Multivariate analysis indicated that the lesions located in the upper 1/3 of the stomach ( OR=2.272, 95% CI: 1.266-4.080, P=0.006), ≥20 mm in size ( OR=2.013, 95% CI: 1.200-3.377, P=0.008) and poorly differentiated cancer ( OR=2.090, 95% CI: 1.018-4.294, P=0.045) were the independent risk factors affecting the accuracy of EUS. Poorly differentiated EGC ( OR=4.046, 95% CI: 1.737-9.425, P=0.001) was the risk factor for over-staging of EUS. Conclusion:EUS is useful in predicting the invasive depth of EGC. Factors affecting the accuracy of EUS include location in the upper 1/3 of the stomach, ≥20 mm in size and poorly differentiated EGC. Additionally, poor differentiation is the risk factor for over-staging of EUS.

4.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 114-117, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934082

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy and safety of rubber band traction-assisted endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD).Methods:A total of 49 patients with rectal endocrine tumor who underwent ESD at Beijing Friendship Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University from January 2016 to December 2019 were reviewed. Thirty-two patients who underwent traditional ESD from January 2016 to May 2018 were assigned to the non-traction group. Seventeen patients who underwent the operation with a rubber band as auxiliary traction from June 2018 to December 2019 were assigned to the traction group. Basic information, ESD procedure time, complications were compared between the two groups.Results:There were no significant differences in age, gender or lesion size between the traction group and the non-traction group ( P>0.05). The ESD operation time of the traction group was significantly shorter than that of the non-traction group (13.76±5.71 min VS 22.99±10.32 min, t=-3.408, P=0.001). There were no postoperative complications in the traction group, but 3 cases of perforation occurred in the non-traction group. There was no significant difference in the incidence of perforation between the two groups ( P=0.542). Conclusion:Rubber band traction can safely improve the efficiency of ESD.

5.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1445-1448, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924731

ABSTRACT

Acute cholecystitis is a common acute abdominal disease, and it can be classified into grade Ⅰ (mild), grade Ⅱ (moderate), and grade Ⅲ (severe) based on severity. Gallbladder drainage is an important treatment method for patients with severe disease conditions and a high surgical risk. Percutaneous transhepatic gallbladder drainage is commonly used in clinical practice and has a clinical success rate of more than 65%. With the development of endoscopic technology, some centers in China and globally have begun to apply endoscopic gallbladder drainage to the management of acute cholecystitis. This article introduces the methods of gallbladder drainage commonly used in clinical practice, such as percutaneous hepatic gallbladder drainage, endoscopic ultrasound-guided gallbladder drainage, endoscopic transpapillary gallbladder drainage, as well as the progress in endoscopic interventional treatment of acute cholecystitis in recent years.

6.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 404-408, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871411

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the independent predictors for malignancy in colorectal laterally spreading tumors (LSTs) by therapeutic endoscopy.Methods:Data of consecutive patients with colorectal LSTs who underwent endoscopic treatment in Beijing Friendship Hospital between June 2013 and March 2019 were collected for retrospective analysis. Patients′ gender, age, body mass index, smoking history, and endoscopic and histological results were reviewed. Univariate analysis was used to identify the associated factors for malignancy of colorectal LSTs. Factors with statistical significance in univariate analysis were used in multivariate logistic regression to determine the independent predictors.Results:A total of 323 patients with 341 colorectal LSTs were involved in the study. The rate of malignancy was highest in non-granular pseudo depressed (NG-PD) subtype [85.48% (53/62)], followed by granular nodular mixed (G-NM) subtype [76.97% (117/152)]. Both of the above rates were significantly higher than that of granular homogenous (G-H) subtype [29.51% (18/61), P<0.001] and non-granular flat elevated (NG-FE) subtype [24.24% (16/66), P<0.001]. Univariate analysis showed that NG-PD subtype ( P<0.001, OR=18.40, 95% CI: 7.46-45.42), G-NM subtype ( P<0.001, OR=10.45, 95% CI: 5.30-20.58), rectosigmoid location ( P<0.001, OR=2.33, 95% CI: 1.47-3.69) and size ≥2 cm ( P<0.001, OR=2.60, 95% CI: 1.60-4.00) associated with malignancy for colorectal LSTs. In multivariate logistic regression, NG-PD subtype ( P<0.001, OR=17.51, 95% CI: 7.06-43.43), G-NM subtype ( P<0.001, OR=8.25, 95% CI: 4.07-16.73) and size ≥2 cm ( P=0.032, OR=1.80, 95% CI: 1.05-3.08) remained to be independent predictors. Conclusion:LSTs of NG-PD subtype, G-NM subtype or size ≥2 cm are high risk factors of malignancy, in which cases, en bloc resection is required.

7.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 103-106, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-474495

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the value of computer-animal-clinic sequential training model in colonoscopy training.Methods Sixty-five gastroenterologists without any experience in colonoscopy were randomly assigned to 2 groups to accept a two-week′endoscopy training with computer simulator or with com-puter-animal-clinic sequential training.Both groups underwent at least 10 hours of training with a computer-based simulator,and sequential training group also underwent animal simulator training for 2 days in first week,then both groups underwent clinical endoscopy training in the second week.Performance parameters including cecal intubation,procedure duration and degree of comfort were evaluated.Results The training group had higher cecal intubation rate (46.28% VS 35.79%;P <0.01 )and shorter procedure duration (9.05 ±2.12 min VS 11.15 ±3.12 min;P <0.05)and less degree of comfort (5.18 ±1.41 VS 6.78 ± 2.15;P <0.05).The sequential training group was much better in performance than the other group in colonoscopy training.Conclusion Computer-animal-clinic sequential training model is effective in providing trainees with colonoscopy skills in improving the success rate,shortening the teaching times and lessening the uncomfortable of patients.

8.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 516-520, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-483127

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the value of SpyGlass (direct visualization system) guided laser lithotripsy for large bile duct stones in ERCP.Methods Thirty-three patients with large bile duct stones were randomly assigned to two groups: SpyGlass guided laser lithotripsy group (n =16) and mechanical lithotripsy group (n =17).All patients underwent ERCP procedures for stones extraction.The success rate of complete stone removal, the early complication rate related to the procedure and procedure time were compared between the two groups.Results The success rate of complete stone removal in SpyGlass guided laser lithotripsy group was higher than that of the mechanical lithotripsy group [75.0% (12/16) VS 41.2% (7/17) ,P < 0.05].There were no significant differences between two groups in either procedure time [(51.6 ± 18.6) min VS (60.4 ± 12.3) min, P > 0.05] or the early complication rate related to the procedure (18.8% VS 5.9% ,P > 0.05).Conclusion SpyGlass guided laser lithotripsy is safe and effective for large bile duct stones.

9.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 667-669, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-489457

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy and safety of Spyglass single-operator cholangioscopy-guided laser lithotripsy for removing difficult bile duct stones.Methods A total of 39 patients with difficult bile duct stones were divided into Spyglass single-operator cholangioscopy-guided group (n =20) and fluoroscopy guided group (n =19) to receive corresponding treatments.The success rates of complete stone removal and the complication rates related to the procedure were compared between the two groups.Results There was no significant difference in success rate of complete stone removal between Spyglass single-operator cholangioscopy-guided group(17/20, 85.0%) and the fluoroscopy guided group(16/19, 84.2% ,P =0.661) or in rates of procedure related complication (acute pancreatitis P =0.695, infection of bile duct P =1.000).Conclusion Both Spyglass single-operator cholangioscopy-guided laser lithotripsy and fluoroscopy are safe and effective.

10.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 277-280, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-467407

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate a method named “one-step procedure”,i.e.,combined duode-noscopy,laparoscopy and choledochoscopy for choledocholithiasis accompanied with cholecystolithiasis.Meth-ods Fifty-three cases with gallbladder stones combined with common bile duct stones diagnosed from February 2012 to February 2014 were assigned to two groups,29 cases in “one-step procedure”group,who underwent duodenoscopy,laparoscopy and choledochoscopy in one operation,and 24 cases in the control group,who first-ly underwent endoscopic sphincterotomy to remove common bile duct stones,and then LC was performed after several days.The rate of complications related to the procedure,success rate of complete stone removal,length of hospital stay and hospitalization expenses were compared between the two groups.Results All 53 patients underwent the surgery and ERCP procedure successfully.There were no significant differences between the“one-step procedure”group and the control group in complication rates[3.4%(1 /29)VS 12.5%(3 /24),P =0.21],complete stone removal rates[96.6%(28 /29)VS 100.0%(24/24),P =0.37].Differences were sig-nificant in length of hospital stay (6.7 ±1.3d VS 10.9 ±1.6d,P <0.01 )and hospitalization expenses (15 724 ±1 613 yuan VS 19 829 ±2 433 yuan,P <0.05)between the “one-step procedure”group and the control group.Conclusion The “one-step procedure”,the combined duodenoscopy,laparoscopy and chole-dochoscopy,is safe,effective,and has smaller length of hospital stay and lower hospitalization expenses.

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