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1.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 351-357, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986894

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the efficacies between open surgery and axillary non-inflatable endoscopic surgery in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed on 343 patients with unilateral PTC treated by traditional open surgery (201 cases) and transaxillary non-inflating endoscopic surgery (142 cases) from May 2019 to December 2021 in the Head and Neck Surgery of Sichuan Cancer Hospital. Among them, 97 were males and 246 were females, aged 20-69 years. 1∶1 propensity score matching (PSM) was performed on the enrolled patients, and the basic characteristics, perioperative clinical outcomes, postoperative complications, postoperative quality of life (Thyroid Cancer-Specific Quality of Life), aesthetic satisfaction and other aspects of the two groups were compared after successful matching. SPSS 26.0 software was used for statistical analysis. Results: A total of 190 patients were enrolled after PSM, with 95 cases in open group and 95 cases in endoscopic group. Intraoperative blood losses for endoscopic and open groups were [20 (20) ml vs. 20 (10) ml, M (IQR), Z=-2.22], postoperative drainage volumes [170 (70)ml vs. 101 (55)ml, Z=-7.91], operative time [135 (35)min vs. 95 (35)min, Z=-7.34], hospitalization cost [(28 188.7±2 765.1)yuan vs. (25 643.5±2 610.7)yuan, x¯±s, t=0.73], postoperative hospitalization time [(3.1±0.9)days vs. (2.6±0.9)days, t=-3.24], and drainage tube placement time [(2.5±0.8) days vs. (2.0±1.0)days, t=-4.16], with statistically significant differrences (all P<0.05). There was no significant difference in surgical complications (P>0.05). There were significant diffferences between two groups in the postoperative quality of life scores in neuromuscular, psychological, scar and cold sensation (all P<0.05), while there were no statistically significant differences in other quality of life scores (all P>0.05). In terms of aesthetic satisfaction 6 months after surgery, the endoscopic group was better than the open group, with statistically significant difference (χ2=41.47, P<0.05). Conclusion: Endoscopic thyroidectomy by a gasless unilateral axillary approach is a safe and reliable surgical method, which has remarkable cosmetic effect and can improve the postoperative quality of life of patients compared with the traditional thyroidectomy.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Thyroid Cancer, Papillary/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Quality of Life , Thyroid Neoplasms/pathology , Endoscopy , Thyroidectomy/methods
2.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 351-355, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992718

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the clinical efficacy of our modified double reverse traction technique in the treatment of tibial plateau fractures.Methods:A retrospective study was conducted of the 66 patients with tibial plateau fracture who had been treated by our modified double reverse traction technique at Articular Department, Zhongshan Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine from March 2019 to December 2021. There were 37 males and 29 females, with an age of (44±14) years. The double reverse traction technique was used in all patients for reduction of the tibial plateau fracture, and their collapsed articular surfaces were restored by our self-designed universal high affinity prying technique, or by fibular graft support, or by the hooping technique to restore the transverse diameter of the tibial plateau which had been widened. The outcomes of fracture reduction at 2 days postoperation were recorded and evaluated by Rasmussen imaging assessment. Complications were also recorded. The visual analog scale (VAS) pain scores and Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS) scores were compared between preoperation, 3 and 6 months postoperation and the rates of fracture healing between 3 and 6 months postoperation.Results:This group of 66 patients was followed up for 12.0(8.0, 16.5) months. The Rasmussen imaging assessment at 2 days postoperation: 60 excellent, 4 good, and 2 fair cases, yielding an excellent to good rate of 97.0% (64/66). At 3 and 6 months postoperation, the VAS scores [1 (0, 1) and 0 (0, 1)] and HSS scores [84 (78, 88) and 91 (85, 95)] were significantly improved compared with those before operation [4 (3, 5) and 36 (29, 39)], and the values at 6 months postoperation were significantly improved compared with those at 3 months postoperation ( P<0.05). The rate of clinical fracture healing at 6 months postoperation (100%, 66/66) was significantly higher than that at 3 months postoperation (77.3%, 51/66) ( P<0.05). Perioperatively, no adverse events were observed like incision infection, deep vein thrombosis of lower limbs, or failure or exposure of internal fixation, except for delayed incision healing in only one patient. Conclusion:In the minimally invasive surgery for tibial plateau fractures, our modified double reverse traction technique can result in excellent fracture reduction by imaging assessment, fine functional recovery of the knee joint and relief of pain.

3.
Gut and Liver ; : 916-925, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1000401

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#The involvement of long noncoding RNAs in the carcinogenesis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has been well documented by substantial evidence. However, whether cytoskeleton regulator RNA (CYTOR) could affect the progression of HCC remains unclear. @*Methods@#The relative expression of CYTOR, miR-125a-5p and HS1-associated protein X-1 (HAX-1) mRNA in HCC cells were determined via quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. The viability of treated HCC cells was measured by Cell Counting Kit-8 assay. Cell apoptosis was estimated by flow cytometry analysis, assessment of caspase-9 activity and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick-end labeling staining, and Western blot of apoptosisrelated proteins. The interplay between CYTOR or HAX-1 and miR-125a-5p was validated by dual-luciferase reporter assay. @*Results@#CYTOR was upregulated and miR-125a-5p was downregulated in HCC cells. CYTOR silencing inhibited cell proliferation and promoted cell apoptosis in HepG2 and SMMC-7721 cells.miR-125a-5p was sponged and negatively regulated by CYTOR, and HAX-1 was directly targeted and negatively modulated by miR-125a-5p. Overexpression of miR-125a-5p enhanced the repressive effects of CYTOR knockdown on HCC cells, and knockdown of HAX-1 enhanced the inhibitory effects of miR-125a-5p mimics on HCC cells. @*Conclusions@#CYTOR silencing facilitates HCC cell apoptosis in vitro via the miR-125a-5p/HAX-1 axis.

4.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 614-618, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935333

ABSTRACT

To investigate the prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) among residents in Chongchuan district, Nantong city in 2012 and 2018, and evaluate the effectiveness of community comprehensive management of DM. Based on the data of 17 780 and 13 382 residents in the cross-sectional surveys of the " National Demonstration Area for Comprehensive Prevention and Control of Chronic Diseases " project in Chongchuan District of Nantong City, Jiangsu Province in 2012 and 2018, 4 583 and 3 996 DM-related information were obtained. The population of Jiangsu Province in 2012 and 2018 was used as the reference for standardization. The rates of prevalence and management (including awareness, treatment, treatment of patients who knew their diabetic situation, control and control of patients under treatment) of DM in the two surveys were compared using chi-square test. The results showed that in 2012 and 2018, the prevalence rates of DM were 12.0% and 15.7% (χ²=24.25, P<0.05), and the standardized rates were 10.1% and 10.8% (χ²=1.05, P=0.306). The incidence rates were 5.7% and 2.3%, respectively (χ²=55.60, P<0.05). The standardized prevalence rates in the two surveys were 9.7% and 11.6% for males (χ²=3.66, P=0.056) and 10.5% and 9.9% for females (χ²=0.50, P=0.481), 7.2% and 6.5% (χ²=0.85, P=0.357) for people aged 18-59 years old and 20.6% and 21.9% (χ²=0.91, P=0.339) for people aged 60 years and over, respectively. The standardized rates of awareness, treatment, treatment of patients who knew their diabetic situation, control, and control of patients under treatment in 2018 were 84.4%, 80.3%, 95.2%, 58.4%, and 70.2%, respectively, higher than 47.2%, 23.4%, 44.8%, 30.4% and 59.4% in 2012 (χ²=183.33, χ²=380.65, χ²=282.99, χ²=93.24, χ²=6.22, all P<0.05). Among men, the standardized rates of awareness, treatment, treatment of patients who knew their diabetic situation, and control in 2018 were 85.8%, 78.8%, 91.8% and 62.7%, higher than 50.5%, 37.5%, 72.3% and 32.6% in 2012 (χ²=78.40, χ²=96.17, χ²=27.55, χ²=48.96, all P<0.05). Similarly, the standardized management rates in 2018 were 83.0%, 81.7%, 98.5%, 54.1% and 65.1%, higher than 44.0%, 10.0%, 18.3%, 28.2% and 48.8% in 2012 among women (χ²=105.52, χ²=326.36, χ²=317.22, χ²=43.34, χ²=3.87, all P<0.05). The standardized rates of awareness, treatment, treatment of patients who knew their diabetic situation, and control of people aged 18-59 and 60 years and over were 82.9%, 79.7%, 96.1%, 55.0% and 88.0%, 81.8%, 93.0% and 67.2%, higher than 42.6%, 19.8%, 42.2%, 27.5% and 63.9%, 36.8%, 53.9%, 40.8% in 2012 (χ²=44.51, χ²=102.17, χ²=57.78, χ²=21.65, all P<0.05; χ²=71.18, χ²=181.55, χ²=146.26, χ²=59.23, all P<0.05). The comprehensive prevention and control system of chronic diseases, which comprehensively covered the life of community residents, had good management effect on DM, and effectively promoted health education and health promotion.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diabetes Mellitus/prevention & control , Incidence , Prevalence , Rural Population
5.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 250-255, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958768

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the driving mechanism contributing to doctors′ turnover intention in public hospitals based on the grounded theory.Methods:" Willingness or intention for doctors to quit public hospitals" was used as the theme word, and the literature was retrieved from CNKI published from January 1, 2017 to January 1, 2022. Based on the grounded theory, NVivo 11.0 software was used for a qualitative analysis of the literature. The three-level coding method of open coding, axial coding and selective coding was used to identify the main categories affecting the willingness of doctors to quit public hospitals. On this basis, the driving mechanism model was integrated. In-depth interviews with hospital managers were used to test the theoretical saturation.Results:When 31 papers were coded, four level-1 influencing factors of the formation of doctors′ turnover intention in public hospitals were summarized: career selection deviation, practice reality, perceived experience and external opportunity. Among them, perceived experience was the direct driving factor; career selection deviation was the initial driving factor, and the practice reality was the key driving factor, both of them affected the perceived experience; external opportunity was the possible driving factor.Conclusions:In order to prevent doctors from willing to leave, the following measures are expected: the hospital management should improve both its recruitment evaluation indexes and recruitment effectiveness; pay attention to doctors′ psychological capital management and cultivate positive perception; promote the reform of performance pay, emphasize fairness and value; pay attention to employee relationship management and build a supportive hospital culture.

6.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 1150-1157, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942592

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the recovery and quality of life of patients with oral and oropharyngeal tumors treated with three kinds of free soft tissue flaps. Methods: The clinical data of 103 patients, including 66 males and 37 females, aged 26-74 years, who underwent primary repair of defects after resection of oral and oropharyngeal tumors in Sichuan Tumor Hospital from July 2014 to August 2020 were analyzed. Anterolateral thigh flap (ALTF) was used in 43 patients, radial forearm free flap (RFFF) in 45 patients, and lateral arm free flap (LAFF) in 15 patients. Postoperative qualities of life of patients were evaluated by the university of Washington quality of life questionnaire and oral health impact scale (HIP-14 Chinese edition). SPSS 23.0 software was used for statistical analysis. Results: The T staging of RFFF or LAFF group was significantly lower than that of ALTF group (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in mean flap areas between ALTF group ((55.87±27.38) cm2) and LAFF group ((49.93±19.44) cm2), while RFFF group had smaller mean flap area ((33.18±6.05) cm2) than ALTF group (t=5.311, P<0.001) and LAFF group (t=3.284, P=0.005). In terms of oral functions including swallowing, mastication, taste and spitmouth, there were no significant differences between LAFF group and RFFF group (P>0.05), but both groups had better oral functions than ALTF group (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in appearance scores between LAFF group (75(75, 75)) and ALTF group (75(75,75) vs.75(75,75),Z=-1.532, P=0.126), and both groups had higher scores than RFFF group (50(50, 75),Z values were -3.447 and -3.005 respectively, P<0.05). RFFF group had higher speech score (100(67, 100)) than LAFF group (67(50, 76),Z=-2.480, P<0.05) and ALTF group (67(33, 67),Z=-5.414, P<0.05). ALTF group had lower mean score of quality of life than RFFF group [72(56,77) vs.79(69, 89),Z=-3.070, P<0.05), but there was no statistical difference in the mean scores of qualities of life between ALTF group and LAFF group (Z=1.754, P=0.079). According to the evaluation of oral health impact scale (HIP-14 Chinese version) 1 year after surgery, individual item scores and the average score of all items in ALTF group were lower than those in RFFF and LAFF groups (P<0.05), with no significant difference between RFFF group and LAFF group (P>0.05). Conclusions: RFFF has unique advantages for small tissue defects, while ALTF is suitable for large tissue defects, such as buccal penetrating defect, whole tongue and near whole tongue defect, and LAFF is a compromise choice between ALTF and RFFF. ALTF is inferior to RFFF and LAFF in oral functional reconstruction, including swallowing, chewing, taste and spittle. ALTF and LAFF are superior to RFFF in postoperative appearance.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Forearm/surgery , Free Tissue Flaps , Oropharyngeal Neoplasms/surgery , Quality of Life , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Thigh/surgery
7.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 597-600, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911937

ABSTRACT

Mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of hepatitis B virus (HBV) represents the most common mode by which children acquire HBV infection. For pregnant women with high viral load and positive hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg), antiviral therapy during late pregnancy combined with timely and standardized inoculation of neonatal hepatitis B immunoglobulin and hepatitis B vaccine can minimize the possibility of MTCT of HBV. This review focuses on using and withdrawing antiviral drugs during pregnancy, managing postpartum hepatitis, and breastfeeding issues to further optimize the combined immunization and antiviral treatment strategies and seek the optimal solution to preventing MTCT of HBV.

8.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 223-225, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885777

ABSTRACT

Report a case sustained Gustilo type III C open fracture of the left humerus with brachial artery injury who has limb ischemia and wound infection after operation in June, 2014. To salvage the limb, performed cross limb vessel transfer to restore blood supply at one-stage. After multiple debridement, Flow-through flap transfer was performed for definitive reconstruction of the arterial injury and repair the wound in secondary stage. In the 3rd stage, cutting the pedicle of transposition vessels. Follow-up at 1 year after surgery, the patient's left upper limb had survived with limited movement and confirmed Flow-through the vessel reconstruction using CTA.

9.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 166-170, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885775

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the causes and preventive measures of early complications after free gracilis muscle transfer in reconstruction of brachial plexus injury, and to improve the postoperative function of the transferred gracilis muscle.Methods:Patients were recruited from August, 2005 to December, 2016. All 111 patients of brachial plexus injury underwent reconstructive surgery using 122 free gracilis flaps. Early postoperative complications, including recipient site, donor site and systemic complications, were closely observed and recorded. Outcome measurements included incidence and timing of flap compromise, type of flap compromise, causes of vascular occlusion and salvage rate. The postoperative strength of gracilis was evaluated according to the BMRC score. The data were statistically analyzed. The difference was statistically significant if P<0.05. Results:The survival rate of 122 free gracilis transfers was 98.4% (120/122). Early complications occurred in 32 cases (including 2 complications in 6 patients) : 27 cases with recipient site complications (84.4%), 4 with donor site complications and 7 with systemic complications. Among the 32 cases of complications, 17 flap compromises caused by vascular obstruction and 15 of them were salvaged completely after exploration. Flap crisis was the main issue that affected the postoperative function of gracilis muscle, and 58.8% (10/17) of patients with vascular crisis showed muscle strength above M 3 after surgery. The main causes of vascular crisis were venous tortuosity and venous thrombosis, which had nothing to do with operation time and intraoperative blood loss. Conclusion:Flap crisis is the main factor affecting the postoperative function of gracilis. The rate of flap salvage can be tremendously increased by early detection, re-exploration and effective management of the flap crisis.

10.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 609-612, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827378

ABSTRACT

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a new infectious disease, which has a strong virus transmission power and complex transmission routes. This disease is prone to outbreak of cluster infection. It is difficult for medical workers to provide a better perioperative treatment for surgery patient with COVID-19 while avoiding hospital spread effectively. The perioperative management for such patients needs to fully consider the possible lung injury factors caused by anesthesia and surgery. It also needs to choose the suitable timing of the operation, carry out preoperative infection screening and evaluation, and implement lung protection strategies during and after the operation to avoid aggravating the lung injury. Meanwhile, it is necessary to pay more attention to infection prevention and control in order to avoid nosocomial infection.


Subject(s)
Humans , Betacoronavirus , Coronavirus Infections , Therapeutics , Cross Infection , Lung , Pathology , Virology , Pandemics , Perioperative Care , Pneumonia, Viral , Therapeutics
11.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 784-790, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985175

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the characteristics of individuals with mental disorders suspected of road traffic offences and to find their differences from normal offenders, in order to regulate mental disorder patients' driving activities and prevent road traffic offences. Methods One hundred and twenty-three cases of forensic psychiatry testimony of individuals suspected of road traffic offences between 2014 and 2019 from the West China Forensic Center of Sichuan Province were collected. Fisher exact probability test was used to compare the differences between offenders with mental disorders and without mental disorders in terms of demographic characteristics, criminological characteristics, psychiatric characteristics and criminal responsibilities. Results There was no statistical significance in the differences of demographic characteristics, vehicles and kinds of alcohol between the two groups (P>0.05). The main type of road traffic related crimes committed by offenders with mental disorders was risky driving and were mainly evaluated as partial criminal responsibility, whereas most offenders without mental disorders committed crime of causing traffic casualties and all were evaluated as full criminal responsibility. There was statistical significance in the differences of the types of crime and the criminal responsibility rating between the two groups (P<0.05). Meanwhile, patients with mental disorders were characterized by long course of disease and irregular treatment, and individuals diagnosed as having mental disorders caused by psychoactive substances accounted for a large proportion. Conclusion There are differences in the characteristics of road traffic-related crimes between mental disorder patients and normal people. It is of great practical significance for reducing road traffic offences to evaluate whether the individuals with mental disorders are fit for driving.


Subject(s)
Humans , Automobile Driving , China/epidemiology , Crime , Criminals , Forensic Psychiatry , Mental Disorders/epidemiology
12.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 29-34, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798695

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the clinical features, treatment strategies, and maternal and infant outcomes of pregnancy complicated by right-sided infective endocarditis (RSIE) to provide evidence for clinical management.@*Methods@#By searching literature on RSIE during pregnancy from the databases of CNKI, Wanfang Database, VIP, CBM, PubMed, OVID, EMbase and ScienceDirect, relevant information were collected to analyze the clinical manifestations, risk factors, positions of intracardiac vegetations, results of blood culture, treatment strategies and maternal and infant outcomes of RSIE.@*Results@#A total of 15 articles were retrieved, involving 18 infected gravidas with the average age of (27.7±4.8) years and average gestational age at onset of (27.8±6.9) weeks. Fever (n=14), cough (n=12), anemia (n=8) and shortness of breath or dyspnea (n=8) were the common symptoms. Cardiac murmurs were detected on auscultation in seven cases, of which six were systolic murmurs and one was unspecified. Heart sounds of five cases were clear on auscultation without any murmurs. Nine cases were complicated by pulmonary embolism and five by heart failure. The major risk factors were congenital heart diseases (10/18) and intravenous drug abuse (6/18). Vegetations were commonly seen on the tricuspid valves (10/18), followed by the pulmonary valves (4/18). The rate of positive blood culture was high (15/16) with Staphylococcus (9/15) and Streptococcus (3/15) being the primary pathogens. Most pregnancies were timely ended by cesarean section. Apart from receiving fundamental antibiotic therapy for infective endocarditis, 11 patients underwent cardiac surgery, including vegetation removal, valve repair or replacement and surgery for congenital heart diseases, before or after pregnancy or during cesarean section based on their gestational age, condition, and cardiopulmonary function. There was no maternal death, but one neonatal death was reported due to severe asphyxia following cesarean section at 28 weeks. Maternal and neonatal outcomes were good during follow-up.@*Conclusions@#Pregnancy complicated by RSIE is rare and complex, requiring early diagnosis and individualized treatment. Adequate and full-course antibiotic therapy, appropriate surgical procedures and timely termination are of great importance for improving maternal and infant outcomes.

13.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 788-792, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872362

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the influencing factors and mechanism of job satisfaction of medical staff based on grounded theory.Methods:A total of 33 literatures published in CNKI from January 1, 2015 to December 31, 2019 were retrieved with the theme of " job satisfaction of medical staff" . By using NVivo 11.0 software, the 33 literatures were qualitatively analyzed, and the main categories influencing the job satisfaction of medical staff were obtained, and the action mechanism model was integrated on this basis.Results:The influencing factors of medical staff′s job satisfaction were summarized into 6 first-class nodes: work ecology, hospital management, basic health care, occupational cognition, individual characteristics and external environment. Among them, work ecology was the direct influence factor; hospital management was the key influencing factor, which played an important role in the work ecology; basic health care was the safeguard factor, which was affected by the work ecology; occupation cognition was the internal driving factor, individual characteristic was the internal uncontrollable factor, external environment was the external uncontrollable factor.Conclusions:In order to improve the job satisfaction of medical staff, we should optimize the work ecology, promote the innovation of hospital management, ensure the health and safety, and pay attention to the internalization of professional values.

14.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 29-34, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871020

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical features,treatment strategies,and maternal and infant outcomes of pregnancy complicated by right-sided infective endocarditis (RSIE) to provide evidence for clinical management.Methods By searching literature on RSIE during pregnancy from the databases of CNKI,Wanfang Database,VIP,CBM,PubMed,OVID,EMbase and ScienceDirect,relevant information were collected to analyze the clinical manifestations,risk factors,positions of intracardiac vegetations,results of blood culture,treatment strategies and maternal and infant outcomes of RSIE.Results A total of 15 articles were retrieved,involving 18 infected gravidas with the average age of (27.7 ± 4.8) years and average gestational age at onset of (27.8 ± 6.9) weeks.Fever (n=1 4),cough (n=1 2),anemia (n=8) and shortness of breath or dyspnea (n=8) were the common symptoms.Cardiac murmurs were detected on auscultation in seven cases,of which six were systolic murmurs and one was unspecified.Heart sounds of five cases were clear on auscultation without any murmurs.Nine cases were complicated by pulmonary embolism and five by heart failure.The major risk factors were congenital heart diseases (10/18) and intravenous drug abuse (6/18).Vegetations were commonly seen on the tricuspid valves (10/18),followed by the pulmonary valves (4/18).The rate of positive blood culture was high (15/16) with Staphylococcus (9/15) and Streptococcus (3/15) being the primary pathogens.Most pregnancies were timely ended by cesarean section.Apart from receiving fundamental antibiotic therapy for infective endocarditis,1 1 patients underwent cardiac surgery,including vegetation removal,valve repair or replacement and surgery for congenital heart diseases,before or after pregnancy or during cesarean section based on their gestational age,condition,and cardiopulmonary function.There was no maternal death,but one neonatal death was reported due to severe asphyxia following cesarean section at 28 weeks.Maternal and neonatal outcomes were good during follow-up.Conclusions Pregnancy complicated by RSIE is rare and complex,requiring early diagnosis and individualized treatment.Adequate and full-course antibiotic therapy,appropriate surgical procedures and timely termination are of great importance for improving maternal and infant outcomes.

15.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 105-109, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-746136

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the value of the B-mode ultrasound method for muscle recovery after transplantation.Methods From January,2009 to January,2014,35 patients of functioning free gracilis muscle transplantation for brachial plexus injury were involved.Using B-mode ultrasound to determine the cross-sectional area (CSA) of transplanted gracilismuscle at rest and contraction state.The contraction ratio (CR) and the muscle bulk ratio (MBR) was calculated based on the CSA.Then the CR and MBR were analysised statistically with manual muscle strength and joint range of motion (ROM) to investigate the correlation.Results The followed-up time was 8-24 months,averaged of 22.4 months.The CR of the transplated muscle was (1.23±0.15),which was significantly correlated with muscle strength and joint ROM (P<0.01,r=0.872,r=0.847,respectively).CR of transplanted muscle with or larger than M4 was greater than that of less than M4 [CR were (1.35±0.10),(1.09±0.06),respectively],and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05).The MBR was greater than 1 in 17 cases,and less than 1 in 18 cases.There was no significant correlation between MBR and muscle strength and ROM (P>0.05).There was no statistically significant difference in muscle strength and ROM between patients with MBR greater than 1 and those with MBR less than 1 (P=0.054,P=0.284,respectively).Conclusion The transplanted muscle recovery can be quantitatively reflected by the CR.CR enlargement of the transplanted gracilis muscle indicated a better recovery of muscle contraction function.MBR is not suitable for evaluating function recovery of transplanted muscles.

16.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2302-2307, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-778738

ABSTRACT

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection has always been a great threat to public health, and about 2 billion people in the world have the history of HBV infection. Chronic HBV infection can lead to chronic hepatitis, liver cirrhosis, and even hepatocellular carcinoma. At present, nucleoside analogues (NAs) and interferons (IFNs) have been approved for the treatment of chronic hepatitis B in China. Long-term use of NAs has good safety and tolerability and can effectively inhibit viral replication and reduce the risk of liver-related complications, but there are still the issues such as long and uncertain course of treatment, risk of drug resistance, and recurrence after drug withdrawal. IFNs have severe side effects with limited seroconversion and cure rate. Therefore, the research and development of new antiviral drugs with different targets of HBV is of vital importance for the treatment of chronic HBV infection. This article summarizes the research advances in anti-HBV drugs with different targets, so as to provide a reference for clinical and research work.

17.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 392-396, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-809969

ABSTRACT

Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is the sixth common malignant tumors of whole body with a high incidence, which accounts for 90% of the head and neck malignant tumors. Previous studies have shown the risk factors, such as tobacco and alcohol, are related to the occurrence and development of HNSCC. However, recent studies have shown that the non-tobacco and non-alcohol related HNSCC increased year by year. At the same time, more and more studies have shown that HNSCC is related to the infection with human papilloma virus (HPV), and the occurrence and development of HPV-positive HNSCC has own characteristics in epidemiology, pathogenesis, treatment and prognosis. In this paper the research progress for HPV-positive HNSCC is reviewed.

18.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 44-48, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711631

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the method and clinical effect of radial artery pedigreed conjoined perfora-tor flap for repairing cross-joint long-shaped skin and soft tissue defects in fingers. Methods From June, 2015 to June,2017,six patients with cross-joint long-shaped skin and soft tissue defects of the fingers were treated with radial artery pedigreed conjoined flap which axis was the artery superficial line, and carried two radial artery perforators, in order to enlarge flap cut range to repair.The size of flaps ranged from 3.0 cm ×6.0 cm to 3.5 cm ×7.5 cm.The donor site was directly sutured. After operation, all patients were followed up for 3 to 8 months. All the necessary parts are observed, such as the flaps appearances, textures, the donor sites, checked the flap sensation, activity functions of the fingers. Results Six cases of flap all survived.The wounds healed well(phase I),and all patients were followed up for 3 to 8 months, with an average of 5 months. All the flaps do not obviously bloat, the textures were soft,the colors are normal,the appearances of flaps were similar to recipient sites. The donor sites healed well only with linear scars. Conclusion Using radial artery pedigreed conjoined perforator flap to repair cross-joint long-shaped skins and soft tissue defects in fingers that it not only can enlarge the cut range but also cut conveniently, the textures are close to recipient sites.Therefore,it is an ideal repair way.

19.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 2117-2121, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-692064

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of anti-human immunoglobulin M (IgM) on proliferation,apoptosis,cell cycle and tumor formation in human nasopharyngeal carcinoma HNE-1 cell line in vitro and in vivo.Methods After treatment with anti-human IgM antibody,proliferation of HNE-1 cells was observed by cell proliferation inhibition assay,apoptosis and cell cycle of HNE-1 cells were detected by flow cytometry,and apoptotic cells were detected by TUNEL staining.Nude mouse models were constructed,and were injected intraperitoneally with anti-human IgM antibodies (once every 3 days).The growth of transplanted tumor was observed once every 4 days.After the fifth injection,the expression levels of IgM and gp96 protein in transplanted tumor were observed by immunohistochemical method (streptavidin-peroxidase conjugated method,SP).Results MTS assay showed that anti-human IgM antibody can significantly inhibit the proliferation of HNE-1 cells in concentration-and time-dependent manner (P<0.05).Flow cytometry showed that the anti-human IgM antibody promoted a significant decrease in percentage of cells in G1 phase,a significant increase in percentage of cells in S phase,and a significant increase in apoptotic rate of HNE-1 cells (P<0.05).TUNEL staining showed that the anti-human IgM antibody promoted apoptosis of HNE-1 cells (P<0.01).Transplantation tumor experiment showed that anti-human IgM antibody can significantly inhibit the volume and weight of transplanted tumor (P<0.05).The immunohistochemistry showed that the expression levels of IgM and gp96 proteins in mouse transplanted tumors after intraperitoneal injection with anti-human IgM antibodies were significantly lower than those of the control group (P<0.05).Conclusion The anti-human IgM anti-body could effectively inhibit the proliferation of HNE-1 cells,promote apoptosis,and arrest cell cycle.Anti-human IgM antibody could also inhibit the growth of transplanted tumor in nude mouse,which might be related to inhibition of the expressions of IgM and gp96 proteins.

20.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 517-520, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-512799

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression of JMJD3 and its functions for cell growth in human gastric carcinoma.Methods The expression of JMJD3 was detected by immunohistochemistry.Recombinant JMJD3 plasmids were transfected into MGC-803 cells.Cell proliferation was determined by CCK-8 assay and cell apoptosis was detected by flow cytometry.Results The expression of JMJD3 was down-regulated in gastric carcinoma tissues (P < 0.05).Low expression of JMJD3 was associated with advanced TNM stage (Ⅲ+Ⅳ,P < 0.05).Overexpression of JMJD3 could inhibit cell proliferation and induce cell apoptosis (P < 0.05).Conclusion Low expression of JMJD3 was commonly existed in gastric cancer.JMJD3 could inhibit cell proliferation and induce cell apoptosis.

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