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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920819

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To assess the efficacy of lymphadenectomy in different regions for esophageal squamous cell carcinomas located differently according to the lymph node grouping by Chinese expert consensus. Methods    The medical records of 1 061 patients (886 males and 175 females with a median age of 60 (54, 65) years with esophageal cancer from March 2011 to December 2017 in our hospital were retrospectively analyzed. According to the pathological report, the lymph nodes were regrouped according to the Chinese lymph nodes grouping standard of esophageal cancer. The metastasis rate of each group of lymph nodes, the 5-year survival rate of metastatic patients and efficacy index (EI) were calculated. Results    The upper thoracic esophageal cancer mainly metastasized to the lymph nodes of C201-203 groups. The middle and lower thoracic tumors mainly metastasized to the lymph nodes of C205-207 groups. The lower thoracic tumor had a higher rate of metastasis to the abdominal lymph nodes. According to the metastasis rate, the mediastinal lymph nodes were divided into three regions: an upper mediastinum (C201-204), a middle mediastinum (C205-206), and a lower mediastinum (C207-209). The EIs of lymph nodes of C201-203 and C205-207 groups were higher. For patients with C201-207 groups metastasis, the 5-year survival rates ranged from 13.39% to 21.60%. For patients with positive lymph nodes in each region, tumors at different primary locations had no statistical difference in long-term survival (P>0.05). Patients with lymph nodes of C205 group in the upper thoracic tumors had lower EI and those in the middle and lower thoracic tumors had higher EIs. Conclusion    The effect of lymph node dissection in each area varies with the location of the tumor. No matter where the tumor is, it is necessary to dissect the upper mediastinal lymph nodes, especially the lymph nodes adjacent to the left and right recurrent laryngeal nerves. Group C205 should be classified into the lower mediastinal lymph nodes.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928855

ABSTRACT

Based on the biomechanical mechanism of human upper limb, the disadvantages of traditional rehabilitation training and the current status of upper limb rehabilitation robot, a six degree of freedom, flexible adjustment, wearable upper limb rehabilitation exoskeleton design scheme is proposed. Firstly, the mechanics of each joint of the upper limb is analyzed, and the virtual prototype design of the whole mechanical structure of the upper limb rehabilitation wearable exoskeleton is carried out by using CATIA three-dimensional software. The tooth transmission of the forearm and the upper arm single row four point contact ball bearing with internal/external rotation and the shoulder flexible passive adjustment mechanism (viscoelastic damper) are innovatively designed. Then, the joints of the upper limb rehabilitation exoskeleton are analyzed, theoretical analysis and calculation of the driving torque, the selection of the motor and gearbox of each driving joint are carried out. Finally, the whole finite element analysis of the upper limb exoskeleton is carried out. The research and experimental results showed that the design scheme of the upper limb exoskeleton assist structure is highly feasible, which can help the patients with upper limb paralysis and motor dysfunction self-rehabilitation.


Subject(s)
Biomechanical Phenomena , Exoskeleton Device , Humans , Robotics , Stroke Rehabilitation , Torque , Upper Extremity , Wearable Electronic Devices
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928042

ABSTRACT

Cannabis sativa,with a long history of cultivation, is a traditional industrial crop widely used for food, textiles, and me-dicine. This study discussed industrial C. sativa and medicinal C. sativa. According to the characteristics of management policies of C. sativa in different periods, we divided the development stages of C. sativa into three stages and analyzed the changes in breeding and cultivation goals under the influence of policies. Meanwhile, a comprehensive analysis was carried out based on the breeding conditions of industrial C. sativa in China. Because of the vast territory of China, the differences in agricultural planting environment, economic development, and social development in the southern and northern areas result in different used parts of C. sativa. To be speci-fic, flowers and leaves are used in Yunnan, fiber in Heilongjiang, and seeds in Shanxi. The breeding of C. sativa varieties highlights fiber, seeds, or both of them. As the value of cannabidiol is explored, medicinal C. sativa has been approved in recent years. Based on the cultivation characteristics and value of industrial C. sativa, it is proposed that industrial C. sativa has a broad application prospect as an important industrial crop, and the existing products contain almost no tetrahydrocannabinol. The cultivation of C. sativa should be rationally guided to promote the development of the C. sativa industry. Moreover, it is recommended to actively apply advanced breeding techniques such as molecular breeding to overcome the problems of the uncertainty of the existing induced breeding and the excessively long hybrid breeding cycle, and develop high value-added applications such as medicinal products of C. sativa to enhance the exploitation of the economic value of C. sativa.


Subject(s)
Cannabidiol/analysis , Cannabis/genetics , China , Dronabinol , Plant Breeding
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928034

ABSTRACT

As revealed by the investigation on the name change, biological characteristics, artificial cultivation, and edible history of Polygonatum kingianum var. grandifolium, it was described as a variation pattern of P. kingianum in the Chinese version of Flora of China(1978) and as a variant of P. kingianum in the revised English version of the Flora of China(2000). P. kingianum var. grandifolium, long been consumed as food by local folks, has been widely cultivated in its natural distribution area and circulated as Polygonati Rhizoma in the market. The important biological properties of P. kingianum var. grandifolium make it possess a great potential of being consumed as both medicine and food. The shoots of P. kingianum var. grandifolium sprout immediately out of the ground after seed germination and a new seedling will be formed at the same year, implying that its seedling cultivation period is at least two years shorter than that of P. cyrtonema. It can sprout more than twice a year, and the adult plants always remain evergreen, thereby obtaining higher biomass. Its rhizome biomass can be more than one time higher than that of P. cyrtonema. With reference to the diploid P. cyrtonema, flow cytometry revealed the polyploid and aneuploid forms in natural populations, which were tall and light-adapted with large underground rhizome. It can grow normally under the forest canopy and in the open field. Furthermore, P. kingianum var. grandifolium has important theoretical values for the study of ploidy variation, bud dormancy mechanism, etc.


Subject(s)
China , Medicine , Polygonatum , Rhizome
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923392

ABSTRACT

@#Anterior mediastinal inflammatory myofibroblastoma is a rare tumor with insidious onset and easy misdiagnosis. In this report, we presented a case of anterior mediastinal inflammatory myofibroblastoma with thymoma. The mediastinal tumor was found by physical examination, and the prognosis was good after surgical treatment. For this disease, operation is an effective method for definite diagnosis and treatment, and complete excision can achieve good outcomes.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880422

ABSTRACT

It is well known that chitosan-based composites are widely used in implantable medical devices. The development of chitosan-based composite materials with different types was summarized in this paper, such as inorganic, organic and composite phases. Then, combined with the research focus, the development of 3D printing technology and chitosan-based composites was summarized. It was also pointed out that the existing problems in our research, which need to be solved urgently. At last, the development direction and broad application prospect of chitosan-based composites were prospected. And we look forward to providing reference for relevant research.


Subject(s)
Biocompatible Materials , Chitosan , Printing, Three-Dimensional , Prostheses and Implants
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879256

ABSTRACT

The emergence of regular short repetitive palindromic sequence clusters (CRISPR) and CRISPR- associated proteins 9 (Cas9) gene editing technology has greatly promoted the wide application of genetically modified pigs. Efficient single guide RNA (sgRNA) is the key to the success of gene editing using CRISPR/Cas9 technology. For large animals with a long reproductive cycle, such as pigs, it is necessary to screen out efficient sgRNA


Subject(s)
Animals , CRISPR-Cas Systems/genetics , Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats/genetics , Gene Editing , RNA, Guide/genetics , Swine
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879152

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to elucidate the effective components of Shengxian Decoction and its mechanism of action in treating chronic heart failure. Firstly, UHPLC-Q-TOF-MS was established to identify the main chemical constituents in the rat serum after intragastric administration with Shengxian Decoction. Secondly, the absorbed components in serum were then used for the network pharmacology analysis to infer the mechanism and effective components. Targets for constituents in serum were predicted at TCMSP and Swiss-TargetPrediction database. An association network map was drawn by network visualization software Cytoscape 3.6.1. Finally, GO enrichment analysis and KEGG pathway enrichment analysis were carried out for the core target genes. By UHPLC-Q-TOF-MS, 18 prototype compounds were definitely identified, including five compounds from Astragali Radix, four compounds from Anemarrhenae Rhizoma, four compounds from Bupleuri Radix, four compounds from Cimicifugae Rhizoma, and one compound from Platycodonis Radix. Those components of Shengxian Decoction were closely associated with 13 key protein targets, including inflammatory factors, like IL6, IL1 B, TNF, PTGS2, IL10; redox enzymes CAT, HMOX1, and MPO; cardiovascular targets, like VEGFA, NOS3, and NOS2; and transmememial proteins CAV1 and INS. Network pharmacology analysis showed that the 18 compounds could be responsible for the treatment of chronic heart failure by regulating HIF-1 signaling pathways, PI3 K-Akt signaling pathways, cGMP-PKG signaling pathways, cAMP signaling pathways and TNF signaling pathways. This study provided a scientific basis for mechanism and effective ingredients of Shengxian Decoction.


Subject(s)
Animals , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Heart Failure/genetics , Rats , Rhizome , Signal Transduction
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879105

ABSTRACT

Weeds is one of the important parts of agricultural ecosystem of Chinese materia medica. Weeds is a double-edged sword with advantages and disadvantages for the cultivated medicinal plants. In this study, we firstly analyzed the positive and negative effects of weeds on the yield and quality of Chinese materia medica. We then explored the possible mechanisms for the weeds' positive effects from the aspects of interspecific relationship, soil microecological environment, light environment, natural control of pests and so on. We also summarized three basic principles of weed control, that is, "making medicinal plants and weeds coexist harmoniously, achieving the overall optimum growth of medicinal plants", "prevention first, integrated control" and "preserving beneficial weeds and increasing their beneficial effects, removing harmful weeds and control their adverse effects". Finally, we introduced several common weed ecological control technology in field of the cultivated medicinal plants in China, including technology of controlling weeds by no-tillage, stral mulch, rotation, alternative herbs, competitive crops, and allelopathy. This study is aimed to apply the ecology theory to guide weed management and control, so as to achieve the goal of advantages promotion and disadvantages elimination of weeds to cultivated medicinal plants, making weeds into treasure and to promote the sustainable and healthy development of Chinese medicinal materials production and the protection of weed diversity.


Subject(s)
Agriculture , China , Ecosystem , Materia Medica , Plants, Medicinal
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922418

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the efficacy of family rehabilitation treatment performed by parents under the guidance of professionals in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD).@*METHODS@#In the prospective study, 60 children with ASD, aged 24-60 months, were randomly divided into an observation group and a conventional group. The parents of the children in the conventional group received an online training on basic knowledge and rehabilitation training of ASD alone, and those in the observation group received the online training and performed family rehabilitation treatment under the guidance of a professional team. Psycho-Education Profile Third Edition (PEP-3) and Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS) were used to evaluate the changes in related abilities after intervention.@*RESULTS@#After 6 months of intervention, the scores of all dimensions of the PEP-3 scale in the observation group and most dimensions of the conventional group significantly increased (@*CONCLUSIONS@#An online training on basic knowledge and rehabilitation training of ASD for parents can improve the abilities and core clinical symptoms of children with ASD. The family rehabilitation treatment model with a team of professionals as the resource platform and parents as the performer has a more significant efficacy on improving the language, sports, and other abilities and alleviating the severity of the symptoms in children with ASD.


Subject(s)
Autism Spectrum Disorder , Autistic Disorder , Child , Humans , Parents , Prospective Studies
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876706

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression and clinicopathological significance of Bcl-2 and Bax genes in colorectal cancer (CRC) patients complicated with schistosomiasis. Methods The CRC patients receiving surgical treatment in the First Affiliated Hospital of Dali University from June 2016 to June 2020 were recruited as the study subjects, and 30 subjects were randomly sampled from the CRC patients complicated with schistosomiasis (CRC-S group) and 30 subjects were randomly sampled from the CRC patients without schistosomiasis (CRC group) using a random number table method. The cancer specimens were sampled from subjects in the CRC-S and CRC groups, and the peri-cancer specimens were sampled from subjects in the CRC group. The Bcl-2 and Bax expression was quantified in cancer and peri-cancer specimens using a real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR (qPCR) assay and immunohistochemistry at transcriptional and translational levels, and the cell apoptosis was detected in cancer specimens using HE staining. Results A total of 60 subjects were enrolled, including 30 cases in the CRC group and 30 cases in the CRC-S group. There were no significant differences between the two groups in terms of gender distribution (χ2 = 0.271, P > 0.05), mean age (t = -0.596, P > 0.05), tumor growth pattern (χ2 = 0.275, P > 0.05), tumor location (χ2 = 4.008, P > 0.05), tumor invasion depth (χ2 = 0.608, P > 0.05), degree of tumor differentiation (χ2 = 0.364, P > 0.05), or presence of vascular metastasis (χ2 = 1.111, P > 0.05), while significant differences were seen between the two groups in terms of histological type, presence of lymph node metastasis and TMN staging (χ2 = 5.963, 8.297 and 5.711, all P values < 0.05). qPCR assay and immunohistochemistry quantified significantly higher Bcl-2 and Bax expression in cancer specimens from the CRC and CRC-S groups than in the peri-cancer specimens from the CRC group at both translational and transcriptional levels (all P values < 0.05), and higher Bcl-2 and lower Bax expression were seen in the cancer specimens from the CSC-S group than that from the CRC group (all P values < 0.05). In addition, the cell apoptotic rate was significantly greater in the cancer specimens in the CRC group than in the CRC-S group (42.00% vs. 23.35%; χ2 = 41.500, P = 0.000). Conclusion Schistosomiasis may be involved in the development and progression of CRC through affecting Bcl-2 and Bax gene expression in the apoptosis signaling pathway.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907985

ABSTRACT

Pediatric neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders (NMOSD) is an inflammatory demyelinating di-sease spectrum of the central nervous system, mainly involving the optic nerve and spinal cord.Due to the high disability and recurrence rate, sequential immunotherapy is usually needed to prevent the recurrence of NMOSD after acute treatment.Among the commonly used immune suppressants, Rituximab and Mycophenolate mofetil are the preferred drugs due to the best efficacy.Drug tolerance of Mycophenolate mofetil is better than that of Rituximab, and that of Cyclophosphamide remains the worst.Azathioprine is not recommended as the first-line drug of NMOSD because of frequent adverse events and the slow onset.This study aims to review the sequential immunotherapy of NMOSD in children.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907805

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the diagnostic efficacy of 99Tc m-MIBI SPECT dual-phase imaging combined with rapid parathyroid hormone detection in thyroid cancer with suspected parathyroid mass. Methods:Data of 76 cases of thyroid cancer with suspected cervical parathyroid gland tumors receiving colorectal ultrasonography or CT examination in Thyroid Surgery Department of the Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Zhengzhou University were retrospectively analyzed. Blood samples were taken before surgery to detect parathyroid hormone. Parathyroid hormone was quickly detected after clamping the tumor blood vessels during surgery. Based on the postoperative pathological results, the sensitivity, specificity, accuracy and consistency of various diagnostic methods were evaluated. The ROC curve was drawn by measuring the value of the parathyroid gland concentration after reduction of the tumor blood vessels by clamping the tumor.Results:The sensitivity and accuracy of the 99Tc m-MIBI SPECT dual-phase imaging combined with the rapid detection of parathyroid hormone in diagnosis of suspected parathyroid tumors were (96.5%, 93.4%) better than the 99Tc m-MIBI SPECT dual-phase imaging methods (77.6%, 78.9%) and intraoperative rapid detection methods (86.2%, 82.8%) , and had a high consistency with the results of pathological examination, Kappa value of 0.81. The combined detection rate of suspected parathyroid tumors was significantly higher than that of 99Tc m-MIBI SPECT dual-phase imaging and rapid intraoperative detection, but there was no significant difference between 99Tc m-MIBI SPECT dual-phase imaging and intraoperative rapid detection. The area under the ROC curve of the reduction ratio a value after clamping the blood vessels of the tumor was 0.774, and the standard error was 0.073. The difference was statistically significant ( P<0.001,95% CI:0.631-0.918) . According to the results obtained by the ROC, the index (sensitivity + specificity-1) was plotted on the ordinate and a was the abscissa. The maximum value of the Jordan index was 0.584. The a value corresponding to this point was 0.52. 0.52 is the DCP value. The corresponding sensitivity, specificity, accuracy was 86.2%,72.2%,and 82.9%. Conclusion:99Tc m-MIBI SPECT dual-phase imaging combined with rapid parathyroid hormone detection during surgery has good diagnostic value for thyroid cancer with suspected parathyroid mass, and is completely consistent with pathological diagnosis.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907533

ABSTRACT

Extensive stage small cell lung cancer (ES-SCLC) has a poor prognosis and short survival. Although platinum based combined with etoposide regimens and prophylactic craniocerebral irradiation have become the treatment regimens for ES-SCLC, it still faces the challenges of low local control rate and overall survival rate. As a local treatment, radiotherapy has a wide range of applications, which can not only be used for the radical treatment of local lesions, but also for the selective palliative treatment of advanced patients. Thoracic radiotherapy can improve the local control of ES-SCLC, among them, patients with residual intrathoracic lesions after chemotherapy benefit the most. There is still no unified standard for the appropriate population, optimal dose and segmentation of thoracic radiotherapy, and further research is needed.

15.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1055-1059, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921008

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the literature of acupuncture and moxibustion for diseases in the recent 5 years, and discuss the spectrum and indications of acupuncture and moxibustion.@*METHODS@#The literature on acupuncture and moxibustion for diseases in CNKI, Wanfang and VIP databases from January 1, 2015 to December 31, 2019 was searched, summarized and analyzed, and the disease spectrum was summarized. At the same time, the literature from 2015 to 2019 (group A), 1978 to 2005 (group B), and 1949 to 2005 (group C) was compared, and the indications of acupuncture and moxibustion therapy were summarized.@*RESULTS@#There were 32 011 articles on acupuncture and moxibustion for diseases in the recent 5 years, including 377 kinds of indications. These indications can be mostly classified as neurology (9384), orthopedics and traumatology (7765), gastroenterology (3529) and obstetrics and gynecology (2283). The types of diseases were mostly gastroenterology (52 types), neurology (47 types), ophthalmology and otorhinolaryngology (47 types), and obstetrics and gynecology (42 types). The first-class indications of acupuncture and moxibustion therapy in the recent 5 years were hemiplegia, lumbar disc herniation, cervical spondylosis, knee osteoarthritis, insomnia, constipation and cerebrovascular diseases; the second-class were facial neuritis, shoulder pain and headache; the third-class were dysphagia, dysmenorrhea and depression; the forth-class were asthma, urinary retention, cerebral palsy, hypertension, dementia, side effects of radiotherapy and chemotherapy, infertility, allergic rhinitis, vertigo, shoulder-hand syndrome, diabetic neuropathy, herpes zoster, pain, hiccup, diarrhea, lumbar sprain and sciatica.@*CONCLUSION@#Although the disease spectrum and indications of acupuncture and moxibustion therapy have changed to some extent in the recent 5 years, neurology and orthopedics and traumatology are still predominant, and the observation objects tend to transition from symptoms to diseases.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , Acupuncture Therapy , Bibliometrics , Dysmenorrhea , Female , Humans , Moxibustion
16.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 647-654, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911890

ABSTRACT

Objective:To determine the prognostic values of clinical and laboratory features at the time of presentation on renal survival of patients with myeloperoxidase (MPO)-antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody(ANCA)-associated glomerulonephritis (MPO-ANCA-GN).Methods:A total of 172 patients with MPO-ANCA-GN and hospitalized at the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from January 2005 to December 2018 were enrolled. The baseline clinical characteristics and renal biopsy pathological data were analyzed, and the renal prognosis was followed up. The clinical and pathological characteristics of different renal prognosis in all patients and 112 patients who underwent renal biopsy were analyzed, and the related factors affecting renal survival were further discussed.Results:Among these 172 patients, 81 were males and 91 were females. The median serum creatinine at diagnosis was 343.7(174.2, 606.6) μmol/L and the median estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was 15.81(7.61, 38.04) ml·min -1·(1.73 m 2) -1. In total, 76 patients (44.2%) received initial renal replacement therapy (RRT). During a median follow-up duration of 20(3, 60) months, 73 patients (42.4%) progressed to end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and required dialysis, including 6 (8.2%) patients who entered RRT during follow-up and 67 (91.8%) patients who received RRT at the beginning. Among the 112 patients who underwent renal biopsy, the proportion of patients who progressed to ESRD in the sclerotic group was the highest (15/25, 60.0%). The baseline serum creatinine level ( P<0.001), urine red blood cell count ( P=0.012) and the proportion of glomerular sclerosis ( P=0.002) in the non-dialysis dependent group were significantly lower than those in the dialysis dependent group, while the levels of eGFR ( P<0.001), serum albumin ( P=0.002) and hemoglobin ( P<0.001) were higher than those of the dialysis-dependent group. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that the renal survival rate of the focal group was the highest ( χ2=19.488, P<0.001, log-rank test), while the renal survival rate of the sclerotic group was significantly lower than that of the crescentic group ( χ2=5.655, P=0.017); higher levels of serum creatinine (>320 μmol/L, χ2=77.229, P<0.001) and urine red blood cell count (>300 cells/μl, χ2=8.511, P=0.004), lower levels of rheumatoid factor (<20 IU/ml, χ2=8.610, P=0.003), serum albumin (<30 g/L, χ2=11.060, P=0.001) and hemoglobin (<90 g/L, χ2=21.921, P<0.001) were associated with lower renal survival rate; in terms of treatment, the renal survival rate of the glucocorticoids plus mycophenolate mofetil group was significantly higher than that of the glucocorticoids plus cyclophosphamide ( χ2=5.056, P=0.025) or the glucocorticoids alone group ( χ2=16.459, P<0.001). Multivariate Cox regression showed that baseline serum creatinine >320 μmol/L ( HR=8.803, 95% CI 3.087-25.106, P<0.001) and serum albumin <30 g/L ( HR=2.566, 95% CI 1.246-5.281, P=0.011) were the related factors affecting renal survival. Conclusion:Serum creatinine and albumin levels of MPO-ANCA-GN patients at diagnosis may be the related factors that affect the patient's renal prognosis.

17.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 558-566, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911883

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the predictive value of abnormal heart rate circadian rhythm for all-cause mortality in stage 5 chronic kidney disease (CKD 5) patients.Methods:The retrospective study was performed in CKD 5 patients enrolled from the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University (Jiangsu Province Hospital) and the Affiliated BenQ Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from February, 2011 to December, 2019. A total of 159 healthy volunteers were enrolled as the healthy control group during the same period. The circadian rhythm of heart rate was monitored by 24-hour Holter. Related indices (including 24-hour, daytime and nighttime mean heart rate, night/day heart rate ratio, 24-hour maximum heart rate, 24-hour minimum heart rate and difference between maximum and minimum of 24-hour heart rate) were calculated. Non-dipping heart rate was defined as night/day heart rate ratio greater than 0.9. Cox regression model was used to analyze the risk factors of all-cause mortality in CKD 5 patients. Kaplan-Meier survival curve and Log-rank test were used to compare the differences of cumulative mortality between high ratio group (night/day heart rate ratio>0.91) and low ratio group (night/day heart rate ratio≤0.91). The nonlinear relationship between night/day heart rate ratio and all-cause mortality was analyzed by restricted cubic spline plot. Time-dependent receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to analyze the predictive value of night/day heart rate ratio for all-cause mortality in CKD 5 patients.Results:A total of 159 healthy volunteers and 221 CKD 5 patients were included in this study. There were 123 males (55.66%) and the age was (52.72±13.13) years old in CKD 5 patients. The total median follow-up time was 50.0 months. Compared with controls, 24-hour, nighttime mean heart rate, 24-hour minimum heart rate in CKD 5 patients were increased (all P<0.05), furthermore, the night/day heart rate ratio was higher [(0.91±0.09) vs (0.81±0.08), P<0.001], showing "non-dipping heart rate". However, the 24-hour maximum heart rate and the difference between maximum and minimum of 24-hour heart rate in CKD 5 patients were lower than controls (both P<0.05). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that the increased night/day heart rate ratio (per 0.1 increase, HR=1.557, 95% CI 1.073-2.258, P=0.020) was an independent influencing factor for all-cause mortality in CKD 5 patients. Kaplan-Meier survival curve analysis showed that the cumulative mortality of the high ratio group was significantly increased than that of the low ratio group (Log-rank test χ 2=7.232, P=0.007). From the restricted cubic spline plot, there was a linear effect between night/day heart rate ratio and all-cause mortality ( P=0.141), and when night/day heart rate ratio was above 0.91, the risk of all-cause mortality was significantly increased in CKD 5 patients. According to time-dependent ROC curve, the accuracy of night/day heart rate ratio in predicting all-cause mortality was 70.90% even when the survival time was up to 70.0 months. Conclusions:The circadian rhythm of heart rate in CKD 5 patients displays "non-dipping" state. High night/day heart rate ratio is an independent influencing factor for all-cause mortality in CKD 5 patients.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888347

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Taking the classic bilateral puncture vertebroplasty as a reference, to evaluate the clinical efficacy of vertebroplasty of the curved-angle puncture device, analyze the radiation exposure of patients and surgeons during the operation and summarize the protective measures.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 49 patients with osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures admitted from March 2018 to September 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the different surgical puncture methods, 49 patients were divided into vertebroplasty group (using classic bilateral puncture) and curved vertebroplasty group (using curved angle puncture). Among them, there were 26 cases in vertebroplasty group, including 7 males and 19 females, aged (73.25±6.36) years, 2 cases in thoracic segment, 21 cases in thoracolumbar segment, and 3 cases in lumbar segment. In curved vertebroplasty group, there were 23 cases, including 6 males and 17 females, aged (73.09±6.52) years, 3 cases in thoracic segment, 19 cases in thoracolumbar segment, and 1 case in lumbar segment. The operation time and the amount of injected bone cement in the two groups were recorded. Visual analogue scale (VAS) and modified Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) were respectively used to assess the pain degree and lumbar function, the postoperative bone cement leakage or other complications were observed. The radiation doses of the two groups of patients and surgeons were compared.@*RESULTS@#All 49 patients were followed up for 10-22 (14.55±3.83) months. Eleven cases in vertebroplasty group and 9 cases in curved vertebroplasty group occurred bone cement leakage after surgery, and there was no statistically significant difference between two groups. VAS scores of vertebroplasty group were 6.23±0.68 before operation and 1.69±0.47 at 1 day after operation, respectively, modified ODI were (72.59±3.25)% and (33.59±2.85)%. The preoperative and postoperative VAS scores of curved vertebroplasty group were 6.46±0.56 and 1.57±0.49, respectively, modified ODI were (73.21±3.18)% and (33.17±2.37)%. The postoperative pain degree and lumbar function of the two groups were significantly improved, but the difference between the groups was not statistically significant. The operation time of curved vertebroplasty group and vertebroplasty group were (17.27±9.58) min and(23.19±8.56) min, and the amount of injected bone cement were (4.91±1.49) ml and (6.58±1.42) ml. Obviously, curved vertebroplasty group has more advantages in operation time and the amount of injected bone cement. In curved vertebroplasty group, the radiation dose of the operator was (0.53±0.05) mSv and the patient was (10.64±1.65) mSv;in vertebroplasty group, the operator was (0.59±0.08) mSv andthe patient was (13.52±1.81) mSv. The radiation dose of patients in curved vertebroplasty group was significantly lower than that of the vertebroplasty group, but there was no statistically significant difference in the operator between two groups.@*CONCLUSION@#Both puncture methods can achieve satisfactory clinical results, but curved angle puncture can optimize the distribution of bone cement and reduce the radiation dose of patients.


Subject(s)
Female , Fractures, Compression/surgery , Humans , Male , Radiation Exposure , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Vertebroplasty
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888096

ABSTRACT

Chinese medicinals feature different medicinal parts and enriched components, which makes their powders show obvious microscopic identification characteristics and specific physical properties. On this basis, the commonly used Chinese medicinals can be divided into several categories, such as powdery, fibrous, sugar, oil, and brittle materials, which is of great importance to the research and development of personalized Chinese medicinal preparation technology. However, the existing classification methods are highly subjective and thus difficult to meet the requirements for the development of personalized Chinese medicinal preparations with high quality. In this study, 55 representative Chinese medicinals, such as Dioscoreae Rhizoma and Leonuri Herba, were selected, and the physical properties of their powders were systematically characterized by comprehensive powder tester, torque rheometer, texture analyzer, etc., based on which a data set encompassing physical properties of these powders was built. The typical physical fingerprints of powders from the above 5 categories were established by multivariate statistical analysis. Then, the Chinese medicinals were classified according to the Euclidean distance between each of them and the typical value in the PCA score plot. For those with multiple material properties, whose classification boundary was fuzzy, the proportions of different types of materials were calculated with the combination of Euclidean distance, powder properties, microscopic identification characteristics, and chemical composition, so as to achieve the multivariate quantitative classification of Chinese medicinals. This lays the foundation for the further creation of intelligent personalized Chinese medicinal preparation technology.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Powders , Rhizome
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885995

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the intervention effect of auricular point sticking on dry eye in myopia patients after small-incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) surgery.Methods: This was a prospective randomized controlled study conducted among the myopia patients who received SMILE surgery at Eye and ENT Hospital of Fudan University. The post-SMILE operation patients who screened by the inclusion and exclusion criteria were randomized into a control group and a treatment group. Patients in the control group were given 0.1% fluorometholone and 0.5% carboxymethylcellulose sodium eye drops, while the treatment group was given additional unilateral auricular point sticking for 1 month. The patients were estimated using ocular surface disease index (OSDI), Schirmer tear test-1 (STT-1), tear film break-up time (TF-BUT), corneal fluorescein staining (CFS) score, corneal sensitivity (CS) and visual quality (VQ) at 1 d, 1 week and 1 month after surgery; the changes in anxiety and depression were also observed in the patients. Results: Compared with the first day after operation, CS in the nasal region was improved in the treatment group, and the VQ score increased in the control group patients at 1 week after operation (both P<0.05); at 1 month after operation, the TF-BUT increased, CFS score decreased, CS in the central and nasal regions increased (all P<0.05), and VQ score increased (P<0.01) in the treatment group, and the CS in the central, upper, lower and nasal regions were improved (all P<0.05), and VQ score increased (P<0.01) in the control group. The between-group comparison showed that the differences in the change of TF-BUT were statistically significant at 1 week and 1 month after surgery, respectively (both P<0.05). Conclusion: Auricular point sticking therapy can increase the TF-BUT and accelerate the repair of ocular surface function in post-SMILE patients.

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